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and on the succeeding fabbath there rection, and an eternal fellowship is, what the Brethren call a post with all those who have died in communion, when those who had the Lord, is called to mind. not an opportunity, on the prece With respect to their general ding evening, are allowed to par- mode of worship it is Lutheran, ticipate.
and differs not essentially from that The Brethren have a preparato- | of the Episcopalians. It is not ry meeting before the administra. however absolutely fixed, and ention of the Lord's isupper, as is tirely the same in every place. usual in most of the New-England | They say, “ In the mode of worchurches. They also keep Agape,' ship is no fixed rule. And it is or the love feast, before the com- ' to be observed in general, touchmunion. In this the congregation' ing the rights and usages in the is entertained with the singing of 'congregations of the : rethren, spiritual songs; and each person that they do not remain, in all receives a small loaf or cake and a places and at all times the same, cup of tea or coffee.
' without any alteration. The They have also the ceremony of brethren have reserved to them. the Pedelavium, or feet washing, selves the liberty to alter and to in conformtyi, as they imagine, to l' amend, which the ancient breththe command of Christ, John xiii. 'ren in Bohemia and Moravia 14. re also ought to was one ' made use of when they regula. anothers feet. This is now but l ' ted their church discipline, agree. rarely practised, except on passion ' able to the canon. The dif. weck. It is performed by each • ference in ceremonies does not sex among themselves, in different break the unity of the church.” apartments or at different times. Each congregation, in towns During the ceremony, hymns are and villages, settled by the United fung, representing cleansing by the Brethren, is governed by a conferblood of Jesus.
ence of elders, who have a watch They use the Lot, in doubtful over the whole congregation, with cases, as a religious rite, but if respect to the doctrine, walk andi any are diffatisfied, and unwilling conversation of its members. They to submit to it, they do not oblige appoint the times and order of them.
their meetings for divine worship. There is another usage, which These they fay, “ Are intended seemspeculiarto themselves. They for the daily and necessary nourassemble on Easter Sunday, in the ishment of the inward man, by church, at the rising of the sun, the gospel, and the closer appliwhen the minister addresses the cation thereof to the heart”congregation in these words, The They have meetings for worship Lord is risen. To which all the every day. These are partly docbrethren reply, The Lord is risen trinal meetings into which all, not indeed. Then the brethren go in only their own denomination, but procession to the grave yard, with even itrangers, are admitted ; partinstruments of music, and the fifa 1 ly special meetings of the comters follow them, and all place inunicants, or of the choirs, of themselves about the graves. The the married people, the single minister then reads what is called | brethren, the widows, single filthe confession or Easter litargy, in ters, and of children. The fabwhich the hope of a joyful resur. bath is wholly devoted to spiritual
edification. On this solemn day, By this means their music is diverthe public worship commences with lified, engages the attention, and the church litany, which the minis- | is rendered more agreeable. ter prays over, and is accompanied With respect to discipline, they with the whole congregation by represent, that from the beginning responses. For example, when of their union, to the present time, the minister prays, Lord God, our it has been their fole aim and earnfather which, art in heaven, the est endeavor to restore the true whole congregation adds, Hallowed original Christianity, in doctrine be thy name, according to the mode and practice ; and that all evil of the Episcopalian churches. In might be prevented in the congreBethlehem, their principal settle- gation, and that every thing which ment, to the litany, or morning might give rise to fin, should, as
prayer, fucceeds the children's | far as poffible be removed from the meeting, to which also adults may church. have admiffion. After singing, a With this view, uncommon atshort discourse is delivered on the tention is paid to the instruction doctrinal text for the day. Then and good government of their follows public preaching to the children and young people. Pas whole congregation. If the dif-rents are not only abundantly encourse to the children has been in joined and exhorted to bring up English, then the more public | their children in the nurture and preaching is in German, and so admonition of the Lord, but where vice versa. After the preaching a it is necessary they are particuhymn is sung and a short prayer | lariy instructed how to do it, made, and the public worship is clo- and are allisted in it. Schools are sed by a speech on the gospel of the appointed for boys and girls resday and the church blessing. These pectively under the inspection of are the exercises of the forenoon. the minister and elders of the In the afternoon is lecture, or lit- congregation, in which they are urgy meeting, in which an hymn instructed, in the rudiments of huis sung to the Father, Son and Ho- man knowledge, by teachers of ly Ghost. In the evening is anoth- their own sex. Besides the iner meeting, which is termed the struction of the schools, that the congregation meeting. In this the children and youth may, in their daily texts are more largely and tender years obtain just impressions particularly treated of, and the of the corruption of human nagreat grace which God manifests to ture, and of the recovery by Jea congregation of Jesus Christ, and sus Christ, they are intructed by to all its members is represented, the minister of the congregation, and how they should walk before in the rudiments of Christianity, him according to their heavenly and examined with respect to the calling, until his appearing. Their knowledge which they have obfinging is melodious and animating. I tained. Besides thefe usual schools Their hymns are sung alternately, there are particular Economies, by the brethren and afters. Some as they are called, for the educalines are sung by one and some by tion of the children of such pathe other, others are sung by themrents, as by means of their occupaconjointly. Sometimes a line or tions and peculiar circumstances, leveral lines are sung by tlfe minif-cannot fufficiently instruct their ter only, or by a choir of singers. I children and servants; in which
every thing necessary for their out the name of freethinking, yea, ward support is not only provided, every thing which can prove a bu: they are nurtured with the hurt to fouls, or a lofs of the greatest care by brethren and Gift. glory in Christ, are transgres. ers particularly appointed to that fions which fall under church service. The same pious and gen. discipline." If perfons who erous care is also taken of or. have given offence, can by ferious phans. There is also a pædagogi remonftrance and exhortation, be um, as they term it, in which boys | brought to a proper sense of their and young men are instructed in faults, and repentance ; the eldthe languages and other useful ers endeavor to issue the matter as parts of science.
privately, and with as little public The young people are not only notice as may be. They are howthus instructed and watched over ever kept from the communion unfrom their childhood until man- til there appears a real amendment. hood, but their marriages are all | If more private measures have not regulated by the minister and con. the desired effect, the offenders gregation, their consent as well as are then called before the board of that of parents is always necessary. overseers to receive admonition, None may marry until the breth- and if this fails to humble and ren have fully examined the difpo- bring them to repentance, they fitions of the persons, their ciro are excluded the congregation and cumstances and relations, and shut out from all the privileges have determined that it may be for they had enjoyed in that commu. their comfort and benefit, and the nity. Those who trespass against welfare of the congregation. All the civil laws, by wantonness, fraud marriages are publicly celebrated, | of individuals or the public, inand the young pair are recommend temperance, theft, breach of peace ed to the divine care and benedic | and other vicious practices, are tion by the united prayers of the left, as to civil matters, to be whole congregation.
punished according to law, but Further, so much stress is laid they are no more treated as memupon the discipline and regular bers of the congregation. At the walk of ail the members of the same time great patience is exercongregation, and upon knowing cised towards poor and weak minds, the real state and conduct of every who err and offend rather from individual, that beside the watch weakness and ignorance, than and care of the minister, particu. | wickedness. lar persons are chosen froni among [To be continued.] both sexes, to visit and watch over the people, to observe their mor | Mess'rs. EDITORS OF THE Con. als, attend the sick and infirm, to EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE. prevent and heal divisions, to pro
I TAKE the liberty to send mote harmony, piety and good
to you the following summary of morals. These, at Itated times,
| a conversation, between a certain meet the minister or missionaries,
Clergyman, and one of his Parish. generally as often as once a month,
ioners. I ain yours, &c. and report to them the state of the congregation. “ An offensive • walk, seducing to the works of
CIR, I really fear o the Aesh, or to what is called by
that yon diso
bliged some of your parishioners, the denial of a God, they deny in your sermons yesterday. his real Divinity, and leave him
Clergyman. That would be pain- little more than the empty title. I ful to my feelings, if it could have think also, that the scriptures you been avoided, consistent with my l quoted, and the observations you obligations, both to him who fent made on those who said, The me, and to those to whom I am sent. | Lord will not do good, neither
P. I supposed so, and for that will he do evil.—How doth God reason called to discourse with you know? Can he judge through the on the subject.
dark cloud ? &c. are a full evia C. Sir, I thank you. You re- dence of the truth of all you said fer, I conclude, to the doctrines of on this subject : But you are sensiGod's decrees, and his agency in ble, that there are some men of intheir accomplishment. I am sen- fluence among your hearers, who fible, that some very much oppose avow those principles ; and they these sentiments, and may possi- will be very uneasy, at having their bly be offended at hearing them opinions publicly represented, not preached.
only as erroneous, but so very P. No sir, I have no doubt on criminaland odious. They doubt: these subjects : I view them as be less will represent you as highly ing the only ground of security uncatholic, and illiberal in your and conlolation to the people of reflections on their sentiments : God, and abundantly supported by They are not likely to be convinthe numerous passages of scripture; ced ; for they are at perfect enmiwhich you adduced, and by many ty against your doctrines, and all others. They are sentiments ex- their feelings are interested in their pressed by the Prophets, and present opinions. It is a question preached by Christ and his Apof- in my mind, whether it be not imtles, and may not be suppressed.- prudent, to insist on the evil nature, But after you had proved and elu- and pernicious effects, of such sencidated these great and precious timents, at least for the present, truths, you adverted to the sinful while they are so fixed and enganature and pernicious tendency of ged in them: They cannot bear it the opposite opinions, and was now, and you should be wise as a lengthy, and I think severe in ferpent, and provide milk, where your remarks. Indeed you fet | strong meat cannot be borne. those principles in a criminal and C. I am sensible, that someodious point of light.
thing is left to the discretion of C. I did.--I think however, Ministers, how they time and inthat the representation was scrip troduce the instructions of the gofa tural. My office is but ministerial. pel, and how they shall prove and The scriptures contain my instruc- illustrate their fubjects; and I tions, and I must conform to them, know, that to be wise and prudent or be unfaithful to my Employer. I in these things, the state and cir
P. I have no doubt, that the cumstances of a people must be opinions which you opposed are taken into view, and that they should false, and their tendency as perni- be introduced in the most advantacious, as you represented. In- | geous and inoffensive manner ; deed I view them in a light worse and am glad to consult with you, than you asserted; they appear to and learn your opinion, and your me atheistical, and go almost to 'reasons to support it.
Vol. I. No. 2.
P. It appears to me, that after etly, and perhaps do more good you had proved and illustrated the in the end, if you would confine doctrincs of decrees, and divine yourself to the evidence of the agency, as you did in the fore doctrines you teach, and say little noon, it might have been more ac | or nothing, of the falsehood and ceptable, had you closed the sub- the pernicious nature of the oppoject, with some natural and proper site errors, unless in matters, in inferences, without thofe remarks which we are all of one opinion. on the wickedness of the contrary (. In this way, I fear, I should sentiments, which made a large be unable to say much, against the portion of your discourse in the af- prevailing errors of our age, or ternoon.
in the best, and most convincing C. But if the doctrines adyan. | manner to illustrate any of the peced in the morning were true, and culiar, and most effential truths of for the glory of God, as you have the gospel. It greatly discovers granted, the sentiments opposed in the importance, and confirms the the afternoon must necessarily be truth of any doctrine, to place its false and difhonorable to hin). excellency in contrast, with the
P. True--and people of re. mischievous nature, and tendency fection must have seen it. But of the contrary opinion ; and ceryour opposers will admit, that you, I tainly, religious truth is of such and every man, has a right to ad- infinite importance, that it ought yance his own opinion, and sup. to be presented, in its most con. port it in the best manner he is | vincing and powerful light. able, and though it may displease P. That is true. But if peoand vex them, to hear such truths ple will not at present endure it, I delivered, and the evidence of think it would now be prudent, onthem clearly stated, yet accordingly to state your direct evidence in to their own concessions, they must favor of truth, and leave your endure it. But I cannot think, hearers to draw the consequences they will bear to have their avow for themselves.--You had better ed sentiments, directly attacked, do this, than lose a considerable and exposed as they were yester-part of your congregation, and day. Indeed I perceive, they perhaps be dismissed. You may have already made pointed re- at the same time point out the im. . marks, on the uncatholic and illib- portance of the truth, and urge the eral spirit of your afternoon dif absolute necessity of believing it, in course-hay? said it was personal, the essential things of the gospel, and designed to expose and injure in opposition to falsehood ; and them; and I fear, they will gather that men cannot Oiherwise be faa party, by representing themselves ved. as injured and playing in that way, C. This could be done but very upon the feelings of the people. | indifferently, without illustrating Besides, there are many, who the importance of doctrinal truth, would be ready to fall in with their by comparing its excellency and efopinions, if they could see any fects, with the wickedness and efcolor of evidence to support them, fects of falsehood. Besides, if as or if they should become prejudi- you say, the belief of the peculiar ced against you, who preach the | doctrines of the gospel is necessary opposite truths - It is my opinion, 10 salvation, and false opinions conthat you would proceed more qui- I cerning these things fatal, then this