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A concise Hisory of the MORAVI- | ' and is an ardent desire to pro
Ans, or UNITAS FRATRUM, of \'mote the salvation of their fellowtheir settlement in the American men, by making known to them States ; and of their zeal, per- the gospel of our Saviour Jesus severance, and success, in propa- | • Christ. It grieved them to hear gating the gospel.
of so many thousands and mil.
• lions of the human race, sitting (Continued from page 48.),
• in darkness, and groaning beLEAVING given this general neath the yoke of fin, and the
U sketch of the origin of the tyranny of Satan ; and rememMoravians, of their settlement and 1. bering the glorious promises give progress in the United States, Ien in the word of God, that the of their doctrines,' peculiarities | heathen also should be the reward and discipline ; the way is prepar of the sufferings and death of ed for the exhibition of their sin- Jesus ; and considering his comgular zeal, perseverance, success, mandment to his followers, To and manner of propagating the l ' go into all the world and preach the gospel among the heather, in the gospel to every creature, they were various parts of the world.
filled with confident hopes, that While some other denominations if they went forth in obedience of Christians show great zeal in unto, and believing in his word, propagating their peculiar notions their labor would not be in vain among Christians, and in making in the Lord. They were not divisions, and alienations among dismayed in reflecting on the them, the Moravians have manifel- smallness of their means and ated their zeal, charity and self-de- bilities, and that they hardly nial in propagating the gospel knew their way to the heathen, among those to whom the true God | | whose salvation they so ardently, and our Lord Jesus Christ were longed for, nor by the prospect not known. They say in their of enduring hardships of every publications, “ The simple motive kind, and even, perhaps, the • of the brethren for sending mis- | · loss of their lives in the attempt ; • fionaries to distant nations, was, but their love to their Saviour
Vol, I. No. E.
când their fellow-finners for whom, rous nations, to ferve the fame "he shed his blood, far outweigh- glorious cause. No sooner had • ed all these considerations. They the United Brethren gained a went forth in the strength of peaceful settlement, and a small detheir God, and he has wrought gree of property, in the several wonders in their behalf. Blessed countries in which they were stran« be God, this day, the fame spirit gers, than they began to send their prevails in the congréations of missionaries among the nations, the United Brethren, and there | who were perishing for lack of has been a continual and increaf | vision. They have sent them, and ing succession of persons who have are still sending them into the four offered themselves to supply va- quarters of the earth. cant places, or to enter upon new In 1732, they fent miffionaries missions, notwithstanding the dan- | to the Danish West-India Islands,
gers and hardships attending the and made six settlements in them; • service are set before them with Two, New Herrnhut and Nisky,
out any disguise or paliation in St. Thomas's ; Friedensberg, • whatsoever. From a very small and Friedensthal in St. Croix, and • beginning the miffions of the Bethanyand Emmaus in St. John's.
brethren have increafed to 26 At New Herrnhut in 1795, there * settlements, in different parts of were 38 adults and 20 children • the earth, in which near 140 | baptized, and 12 were admitted 6 missionaries are employed, a bun- from other denominations. The • ber hardly sufficient for the care whole congregation consisted of * of about 23,000 converts from 909, exclusive of the children. At among the heathen.”+
Nisky, there were, the same year, Such has been the zeal and per-| 45 adults and 23 children baptized, feverance of this poor people, in and 24 admitted to communion. spreading the favor of the Redeem- The whole number of communier's name, that no hardships nor cants in this black congregation dangers, by land or fea, no dif- was 583, and the whole congres tance of country, no stupidity or gation consisted of 12:46. At barbarity of nation's, no expense Friedensberg in St. Croix, there of which they are capable, no long were baptized and received into and total separation from their | the congregation, in 1795, 138 country, friends and dearest con adult perfons, and 49 children were nections, no persecutions nor dis- | baptized. The number of comappointments could da'nıp their municants was 804, and there were courage, depress their fpirits, 'or | 128 candidates for communion. interrupt their endeavors. If un- | There were 951 baptized persons fuccessful and disappointed in one and 219 candidates for baptism. place, with an unabating zeal and The number of baptized children fortitude they purfue their attempts was 548. Total amount of souls in another. Even the feebler sex in the congregation 2650. At appear to vie with the missionaries, Friedensthal on the same Island in making voyages, and in travel. there were this year 175 adults Jing to the most distant and barba and 61 children baptized. There
were 1342. communicants, 1628 + This was written in 1796, since
baptized people, and 328 candiwhich time the converts have confid
dates for baptifm, The whole erably incrcafed.
! number of fouls 4563. At Beth
any, in St. John's there were, at the earnest application of the Unithe same time, 258 communicants, ted Brethren, to the Dutch gay, and the congregation exclusive of eroment, and the generous infine children, amounted to 487. Atence of their friends, leave was, Emmaus, the same year, were 249 some years since granted for the communicants, and the whole con- | mission to proceed. In consequence gregation consisted of 569 souls of this, it was renewed in 1793,
In 1733 the brethren sent mis. and three Millonaries sent to the fonaries into the frozep regions of Cape.* The congregation there Greenland, and effected three set- had kept together, and had read tlements, New Herrnhut, Liich- the bible for their instruction and tenfels, and Litchtenau, in that edification. Since the English govcountry. In the year 1796, there ernment has been established there, were in these settlements 62 1 be-countenance has been more decilonging to the several congrega. dedly given to the mission, and it tions, of whom 236 were commu- ) is now proceeding under the most nicants.
favorable aspects. A wild people In 1736, one George Schmidt, among the Hottentots, called a man of most distinguished zeal | Bushmen, and who were very . and courage, began a mission a. troublesome, it seems, have made a mong the Hottentots, at the Cape treaty of peace with the English, of Good Hope, a people the most and earnestly petitioned for Mifftupid and uncivilized of any up- / fionaries. Some of the Hottenon the earth, whose language is tots have been taught both to read molt irregular, and of all others and write. Martha, one of the perhaps the most difficult to be | Hottentot sisters, composed a let. learned. Yet by his indefatigable, ter in Low Dutch and sent to the persevering labors, he made him- Directors in England, in which self so far master of their language, are the following pious and Chris. and so far taught them his own, tian expressions and sentimeşts, “I that a small congregation of believ- let you know that I cannot thank ers was there gathered unto the enough, our dear Saviour, for Lord. Some of them were taught lbringing me to this place ; where to read the bible, in the Dutch lan- else would my poor soul haye guage. But on his return to Europe, 1' come to ! I am now about two to make report of the success of years here. When I think how his mission, and to obtain asistants. I was before my baptismn, I have in his important work, to his un-' committed all fins, and what I speakable mortification, he was pro- ' now feel, I am quite ashamed ! hibited to resume his labors. It Our Saviour has even granted had been infiouated, by evil mind me the grace to enjoy his body ed people, into the Dutch goy and blood in the Lord's fupper! ernment, that the propagation of 'I feel I am very poor and mean, Christianity among the Hottentots ' yet I feel his peace in my heart. would disserve the interests of the I pray that my Saviour may keep colony. The school for the in- ' me, until I shall come to him; ftruction of the Hottentots, which, then I will much more thank according to the accounts received, • him for his love, which he hath .consisted of about a hundred chil. | dren, was broken up or greatly in. This settlement is named, Bavians terrupted by the Dutch. But by J. Cloof,
" thewn me. Receive all ye breth. | lishment at Nancawery, one of the "ren and Gisters, many thanks, that Nicobar islands, the whole plan (you sent teachers to us, and that was defeated. The Danish gov. • you also maintain them ; for we ernment found so little benefit aris• have nothing to give ; we are a ing from the great expense which
poor people. I also thank our they had been at, in settling these • Saviour, that he gave me fo ma islands, withdrew their people ; * ny brothers and fisters, from my and the brethren residing there
own people. Ah might we all were left alone. All communica• live entirely unto him!”
tion between Tanquebar and those In 1738, missionaries were sentiņands ceafed ; and they had no to South America, to the Negro means of conveying provisions and slaves at Paramaribo and Sommelf. necessaries to the Missionaries, but dyk. Among the free Negroes at by purchasing and maintaining a Bombay ; and among the native vessel purely for that purpofe.Indians at Hope on the Corentyn. This was done at great expense, a At Paramaribo, in Surinam, in few years, until the commence1796, there were 22 baptized Ne- ment of the American war, when groes and the number of the con the vessel was taken by a French gregation was 288. At Sommelf-cruizer, though it belonged to a dyk were 66 baptized Negroes. neutral state. No redress could The Indian congregation at Hope be obtained from the French.consisted of 360
The climate was unhealthy, and In 1754, the brethren made two the expense and danger of supply. settlements in St. Elizabeth's par- | ing the Missionaries were so great, ish in Jamaica, and they have three that it was found necessary to with. missions on this Ifand, but the suc. draw the Missionaries, and suspend cess of them is not mentioned, the milfion. But while this was
In Antigua, 1750, a mission be- suspended others were undertaken gan on Gracehill, at St. Johns. ' in other parts. This is a very large congregation. In 1764, three settlements In 1795, there were 2596 com. Nein, Okkak, and Hopedale, were municants, 1292 candidates for made, in the inhospitable and bar. communion, 1128 adult perfons ren regions of Labrador, that the baptized, 726 candidates for bap- Eskimaux Indians might receive tism, 964 baptized children, and the glad tidings of salvation.the whole number of souls 6776. These settlements were at conside A few years since, for the con- rable distance from each other, and venience of the poor dispersed | the country is so cold and unpro flaves, this congregation has been ductive, that almost the whole of divided, and a Missionary has their provisions is sent them from been settled further in land upon Europe, which renders these mif the Island.
fions very expensive. During thi In 1760, Brethren's Garden, term of about twenty-five years near Tanquebar, in the East-Indies 28 brethren, and 16 lifters hav was settled. The view of the served in the missions at these fel brethren, in making this settle- tlements ; 9 have finished the ment, was to communicate the gof-course in those regions, 15 hay pel to the inhabitants of the Nic-returned to Europe, and 20, 1 obar islands. But after a perse. the latest account, were then fer vering attempt to form an estab-l ing the missions, in that quarte
In this period 123 adult Esqui- | St. Kitts. The congregation in maux, and 70 children were bap- that island, at the last accounts, tized. Thirty-six were admitted | consisted of 1818 persons, excluto the holy communion.
five of the catechumens. The next year a mission com- Besides these attempts in foreign menced near Bridgetown in Bar- countries, others have been made. badoes. In the congregation on In 1735, the brethren fent Milthis island 75 have been baptized, fionaries to the Laplanders and Saand the most of them admitted to mojedes : In 1737, and again in the communion.
1768, to the coasts of Guinea : In The same year, another mission 1739, to the slaves in Algiers: In was undertaken at Sarepta in the 1740, to Ceylon : In 1747, to Russian part of Asia. This settle | Persia ; and in 1752, to Egypt. ment is in the neighborhood of Of the success of these millions Czarizin on the Wolga, and was the writer has seen no account pubmade with a view to the christian- / lished. ization of the Calmuc Tartars, While the brethren have made and other Heathen tribes who in- such exertions for the propagation habit those vast regions. No miss of the gospel in foreign countries, fion has been executed with more they have shown no less zeal, activzeal, perseverance and abundant ity and perseverance in conimuni. labors than this. The Missiona- cating its blessings to the Negroes, ries resided a considerable time a- , and perishing Pagans on the Northmong the Calmucks, conformed to | American continent. Besides their their manner of living in tents and millions to the Esquimaux, they followed them wherever they mov- | immediately, on their settlement in ed their camp, through the im Georgia, fent missionaries to the mense plains of Steppe. They o-Creek Indians, and to the Negroes mitted no opportunity of preach. in Georgia and South-Carolina ; ing the gospel to them, and of but the good effects of them were pressing them to turn from their defeated principally through the numerous idols and wretched fu- white people. perstitions to the living God thro' In 1740, a Moravian MillionaJesus Christ ; but it had no effect. ry visited the Indian village called Though the Calmucks heard them, Chekameka, in the Oblong, in and treated them with civility yet the state of New York, and found they could make no impressions up the word of God to have a happy on them. At length a great part effect upon the Indians. Three of of the Calmucks removed from their chief men received the gosthose parts. Mean while the breth. pel, and, on the 22d of February ren were visited by the German 1742, were baptized, and called colonists living on the Wolga, and | Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The by their instrumentality, societies same year, 26 more received bapwere formed and gospel ministers | tism. These were chiefly Mahiprovided for most of them. Thus, kans. The next year, many though the original design of the Wampanos at Scatticook, on Kent missions was defeated, yet it an- river, in Connecticut, were confwered a good purpose.
verted. On the 13th of FebruaThe same year, in which the ry 1743, their chief was baptized million at Sarepta was undertaken by the name of Gideon. In this another was begun at Baffaterre in place, the brethren baptized 115