Essay on the Rate of Wages: With an Examination of the Causes of the Differences in the Condition of the Labouring Population Throughout the World
Carey, Lea & Blanchard, 1835 - 255 páginas
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advantage allowed amount applied average benefit Britain capital cause cent classes commodities compared condition consequence corn cost cotton cultivation demand difference doubt duties effect employed enable England English equal Europe exist expense exported extent fact females foreign France fund give given greater half hand higher houses hundred important improvement increase India industry interest Ireland Italy labour land landlord laws less males manufacture means ment millions mode nature nearly necessary never object obtain owners paid persons political poor population portion pounds present probably produce profit proportion quantity raise rate of wages reason receive reduced rent Ryot says seen situation supply supposed taxation taxes things tion trade United wages weavers week whole
Página 149 - What a careless, even deportment hath your borrower ! what rosy gills ! what a Beautiful reliance on Providence doth he manifest — taking no more thought than lilies ! What contempt for money — accounting it (yours and mine especially) no better than dross...
Página 149 - Elamites," flock hither, and do naturally fall in with one or other of these primary distinctions. The infinite superiority of the former, which I choose to designate as the great race, is discernible in their figure, port, and a certain instinctive sovereignty. The latter are born degraded.
Página 169 - It must not be; there is no power in Venice Can alter a decree established: 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; And many an error, by the same example, Will rush into the state: it cannot be.
Página 188 - Hindoostanee language, as well as Persian and Arabic, the senior boys could pass a good examination in English grammar, in Hume's History of England, Joyce's Scientific Dialogues, the use of the globes, and the principal facts and moral precepts of the Gospel, most of them writing beautifully in the Persian, and very tolerably in the English character, and excelling most boys I have met with in the accuracy and readiness of their arithmetic.
Página 149 - THE human species, according to the best theory I can form of it, is composed of two distinct races, the men who borrow, and the men who lend. To these two original diversities may be reduced all those impertinent classifications of Gothic and Celtic tribes, white men, black men, red men. All the dwellers upon earth, " Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites,'" flock hither, and do naturally fall in with one or other of these primary distinctions.
Página 76 - Nor is it true that in the mechanic arts they are inferior to the general run of European nations. Where they fall short of us, (which is chiefly in agricultural implements and the mechanics of common life,) they are not, so far as I have understood of Italy and the south of France, surpassed in any great degree by the people of those countries.
Página 150 - Had you any Frenchmen employed under you ?' — ' Yes ; eight, at two francs a day.' ' What had you a day ?' — ' Twelve francs.' ' Supposing you had had eight English carders under you, how much more work could you have done ?' — ' With one Englishman, I could have done more than I did with those eight Frenchmen. It cannot be called work they do : it is only looking at it, and wishing it done.
Página 185 - India, as well in arts and manufactures as in agriculture, that every mechanic and artisan not only conducts the whole process of his arts, from the formation of his tools to the sale of his production; but, where husbandry is so simple a process, turns cultivator for the support of himself and family. He thus divides his time and labour, between the loom and the plough ; thereby multiplying occupations fatal to the improvement of either.
Página 73 - The hand-loom weavers,' says Dr. Kay, speaking of those living in Mancheater, • labour fourteen hours and upwards daily, and earn only from five to seven or eight shillings per week. They consist chiefly of Irish, and are affected by all the causes of moral and physical depression which we have enumerated. Ill-fed, ill'Clothed, half-sheltered, and ignorant — weaving in close, damp cellars, or crowded, ill-ventilated workshops — it only remains that they should become, as is too frequently the...
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