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THE

HISTORY OF SCOTLAND,

&c. &c. &c.

CONVERSATION XVI.

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The History of Scotland continued.
IN

N the year 1399,” resumed Mr. Wilmot, - Robert the Third created his eldest son, David, Duke of Rothsay, and his brother Robert, Earl of Fife, the governor before-mentioned, Duke of Albany; which were the first dukes in Scotland. The introduction of this new title caused great discontent, as favouring too much of English manners; and being offered to one of the heads of the house of Douglas, it was rejected with disdain.

That family had an ancient claiin on the castle of Roxburgh, at this time in the possession of the

B

English,

VOL. II.

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English, and which they made a pretence to plunder the town, destroy the bridge, and lay waste the surrounding country. The English applied for satisfaction but obtained none; and the kingdom being at that period involved in the deposition of Richard the Second, and the accession of Henry the Fourth, they were too much employed to seek revenge.

“ Henry, seated on the throne of England, sent his brother, the Earl of Westmoreland, to treat with the Scots for a truce, or peace; and also to make an agreement, that in case of war the borderers of both kingdoms should be exempt from hostilities. To this amicable proposal the Scots paid no regard, and, being encouraged by the French, continued their depredations. In 1400 the King of England called a parliament, to consult on the best means of repelling the Scots invasions, a resolve that was the more easily to be effected, as the Scots were distracted with their internal quarrels. The Duke of Rothsay, the heir

apparent,

apparent, was of an age to marry, and such, it is said, was the depravity of the court that his hand was offered to the highest bidder. The Earl of March, for his daughter the Lady Elizabeth Dunbar, advanced a large sum in, ready money, in order to make her the royal bride; but this match was opposed by Douglas, who proposed his own daughter, the Lady Margery.Neither the king nor the prince objected to this new arrangement, as it was to procure more money, and even refused to return 'what the Earl of March had advanced. Exasperated at this treatment the Earl revolted and fled to England; leaving his castle of Danbar in the custody of his nephew, Robert Maitland, who soon after surrendered it to the Earl of Douglas, surnamed Archibald the Grim, from the steroness of his countenance.

“ Robert immediately sent ambassadors to England, demanding back his subject, but the request was disregarded. The Earl of March, in return, demanded the

B2 repossession repossession of his castle, as he had committed no act of treason, but was refused redress; on which he sent for his family and dependants to join bin in England.-This event produced a war between the two kingdoms; and the Earl of March, with Henry Percy, surnamed Hotspur, invaded Scotland, .committing great devastation, and carrying off numbers into captivity. They were at length opposed by Douglas, the son of Archibald the Grim, who having raised an army, pursued them to the very gates of Berwick. After this, the English plundered the Orkney islands, which though appertaining to Norway, were held in fee by the Earl of Caithness.

“In the mean time the Earl of March received repeated invitations to return to his allegiance; but all of them being rejected, he was proclaimed a traitor, and again a formal deinand of him was made to King Henry, who peremptorily refused to surrender him. The Earl of March then transferred his fealty and homage to

the

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