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BY CALDER CAMPBELL.
really fashionable society of Pittsburgh. But it
SONNET. being known that they had money, they were really somewhat taken up by a certain class of pretenders, who had so little taste as to visit and invite them.
Between the sun and shower that made to-day There was much vulgar ostentation in their
An April of the autumn, I would have establishment, checkered with an equal portion A garden-terrace, where a colonnade of meanness; the ostentation being in a great : Might offer shelter when the solar ray display of finery and show, the meanness in a (Shut out by rain) ceased the green boughs to lave scanty allowance of comforts, as is generally the In streams of gold. Thither, by Fancy's aid, case with low-minded people, whether they have While Nature set in sight yon glorious sea, been accustomed to money or not.
| I'd summon fruits and flowers from every clime, After a short trial of his new home, Hugh
And bid them flourish round us! There should be Pettigrew protested that he hated it quite as much as his old one, and more too. So he in- Books, music, paintings, for the showery time ; sisted on being furnished with ample funds to
And, in the sunshine, wandering with thee give him a start down the river and enable him Thro' each expanse of garden or of glade, to seek his fortune in the west. He is still We'd glean fair thoughts in which to bathe the seeking it.
mindHugh having departed, Mrs. Pettigrew im- As maids in May-dew hope fresh charms to find ! pressed on her other children that she should
Dover, August, 1851. now be quite happy if it was not for Timothy; and the children
grew every day more asbamed of “their pappy,” believing that nothing in the world could make a gentleman THE WORLD WEARS OLD AND GREY of him. Even the youngest (for whom a nurse
FOR ME. maid was now engaged) soon learnt to be “ thankless child."
BY ROBERT H. BROWN, ESQ. The former occupant of their mansion had a great taste for fowls. This being his hobby, he The world wears old and grey for me; had converted the garden-ground into a poultry- Well I remember its old look, yard, and erected in it a capacious one-story
When Life was fresh as May-blown tree, frame structure, for their shelter at night and in
And Hope shone bright as sun-lit brook ; bad weather. This building was now empty, and Mrs. Pettigrew (suddenly taken with a
The spring-time passed with mirth and song, bright thought) fixed on it as an excellent place
My heart responded to the glee; for stowing away her husband, and keeping him
But anxious thought makes time seem long-out of sight. To be sure the edifice, though
The world wears old and grey for me. large for poultry, was small for people. But to make it rather habitable, the nests were cleared I never thought earth fairy land, away, and the roosts taken down, and the Where nought but pleasant seasons teem, latticed window was glazed, and a little close Though Fancy with too liberal hand stove was put up. Furnished with a settee and
Had flattered well Youth's early dream; a table, and being allowed the newspaper to read, Then Thought with life seemed young and gay, with occasionally a cheap book, and also the
And Joy expanded wild and free; privilege of whittling as many sticks as he
But now those dreams are passed awaypleased, our hero was content (or, rather, had
The world wears old and grey for me. to be) to pass his days in the chicken-house, "the world forgetting, by the world forgot.” And when he went out for exercise, he was en
Though Nature still with truth displays joined to observe carefully the condition of The pleasant scenes of vanished hours, walking only in the by-streets, that he might be They now seem lit by colder rays, seen as little as possible.
And garnished by less fragrant flowers; T'he chicken-house, however, was dignified by While other hearts to mirth give ear, another name; and when visitors inquired for And joy those verdant spots to see, him (which they seldom did), Mrs. Pettigrew in- I look and listen-all is drear; formed them that he spent most of his time in his “ office."
The world wears old and grey for me. And there we will leave Timothy Pettigrew's wife's husband.
I would not mock the better fate
Of those who walk where roses bloom,
Where every step is fraught with gloom.
Where whispering ills around me flee ;
So old the world has grown for me!
HISTORY OF THE INCAS OF PER U.
BY W. B.
(Concluded from page 99.)
Capac Yupanqui, ere he set out on the con. I was Coya Chichia. He governed with justice quest of new countries, built a swinging-bridge, and clemency. He visited his empire several also, over the Apurimac; and then crossed it, with times, and erected palaces and temples wherever 20,000 followers. Many new nations acknow- he went. He sent an army of 20,000 men beledged him as their sovereign; and on this ex- yond Arequipa, which tract of country was subpedition, rich mines of gold and silver were dis- dued. His eldest son, Viracocha, gave him covered. He returned to Cuzco, in great triumph, much uneasiness on account of his bad conduct, and was idolised by his people. For four years for which he was disinherited and exiled by he remained in his capital; but to keep up the his father-another son being elevated to the military spirit of his chiefs, he sent them to the hereditary dignity. Viracocha, having passed Quechua country, the nation of which became three years in banishment, returned alone to his subjects. He headed an expedition of Cuzco, when he told his father that a greater 20,000 men, leaving, as his representative in Inca than himself had sent him, and spoke as Cuzco, his brother, Anqui Titu; but took with follows:him his eldest son, so as to instruct him in war “Know then, my father, that when tending like affairs. Returning to Cuzco, he constructed my flocks of llamas, in the pasturages of Chita, a bridge near to the Lake of Titicaca, which
a man appeared to me, habited in a strange gave him the means of entering into the country manner; his robes reached unto his feet, and of the Chayanta and other Indians, whom he his beard was long. He said :-Nephew, I am conquered.
a child of the sun, and brother to Manco Capac The arts progressed under this Inca, and some and Oello Vaco his wife, who was my sister, improvement was made in navigating the lakes, the first parents of thy race. I am called rivers, and sea-coast by means of balzas (or Viracocha Inca, and have come to tell you, 80 floats), made of wood or reeds. He beautified that you may inform your parent, that the prohis capital, enriched the temples, and failed not to vinces of Chinchasuya and others have revolted continue the construction of good roads. Some against his power; they have taken up arms, of his conquests extended even to the shores of the object of which is to drive him from his the Pacific. The great feast of Rymi (in the throne and destroy his empire. Go, find the month of June) to the sun he first celebrated, Inca, and tell him to prepare himself to meet with great pomp and rejoicings. From the this evil. With regard to thyself, I will protect amautas, another class, called the argururs (or thee! Fear not to undertake any great enterprophets), appear to have sprung; who had prize, seeing that it is worthy of thy race! The great influence in subsequent reigns.
Inca then disappeared, and I have come hither It was under this Inca that the beautiful to inform thee." temple to the sun, on an island on the Lake of The Inca considered this the invention of his Titicaca, was built ; having as many as 500 disobedient son, and ordered him back into virgins to assist in its ceremonies.
exile. His family, however, chiefs and priests, Capac Yupanqui reigned sixty years, leaving gave it as their opinion that Viracocha ought to his empire to his son, the
be credited, and replaced as heir to the empire; VI. İNCA, Roca; whose wife was Coya Micay. but to this the Inca would not accede... This Inca, like the previous ones, after paying Some months afterwards, a rebellion broke due attention to the funeral obsequies of his out in the provinces, as had been foretold by father, visited his empire. He subsequently Viracocha, “the revolted subjects slaying the ordered a bridge to be thrown over the Apuri- chiefs and governors, and even came before mac river; and, with an army, went to subdue Cuzco besieging it. The Inca fled from his barbarous nations, in which he was successful. |
capital. This, on becoming known to the His latter days were occupied in improving the
exiled prince, he immediately joined his father; condition of his people; and he placed the when they collected their forces, and returned to formation and direction of schools under the the capital. Viracocha giving battle to his father's superintendence of the amautas. He left his
enemies. He was successful; and left of the empire to his son, the
revolted subjects (so historians mention) 30,000 VII. Inca, Yuhuar HUACAC.* His queen
on the plain of Yuhuar Pampa (or field of
blood). * Means “one who weeps blood ;" he abstained Viracocha, perceiving that his parent was infrom continuing the warlike operations of his an- / capable of conducting the affairs of his kingdom, cestors.
obliged him to abdicate, and in his favour, build
ing for his father a place at Muyna, not far from 'pear not to have been the barbarous people the Cuzco.
armies of the Incas had hitherto to do with. Some writers say that this Inca was killed by The Peruvians, having become a military people, his chiefs, and that having no issue, the chief's distinguished their bravest chiefs with the title were for casting off the monarchical and taking of huaraca—which approaches to knight of our the oligarchical form of government; this was re
times. jected, and the Inca Viracocha was appointed by
Pachacutec reigned fifty or sixty years; his election.
empire descending to his son, the Inca Yupanqui. VIII. Inca, Viracocha. His wife was
Acosta mentions that Pachacutec was dethroned Coya Runta. This Inca was held in great by his subjects, they electing his brother, Yuveneration, the more so as he had been so vic- panki, in his stead. torious; and his subjects believed that his acts X. Inca, YUPANKI. His queen was Coya partook of inspiration from the sun, his spiritual Chimpu Ocallo. This Inca, having traversed father. Viracocha built a temple in honour of his empire, took an army across the Andes; and the “ phantom Inca," at Cacha, sixteen leagues was successful in bringing many nations under from Cuzco, where he had appeared to him. his control. He also marched south, towards He visited his empire, made great conquests, Chili. Skirting the base of the Andes, he arbuilt cities and temples, cut canals, and made rived at the valley of Copiapo. Journeying roads; and such was the increasing population onward, through Guasco and Coquimbo, the of the conntry, that they had to cultivate their Peruvian army reached the beauteous plains of lands with greater care and assiduity. The pub- Maipu, where now stands the opulent city of lic tribute of the productions of the earth was Santiago de Chili; from here the Inca marched, placed in granaries; hospitals, tambos (or cara- with 20,000 men, into the country of the Puruvanseries) were built on the public roads; the maucas and Araucanos, with whom terrible lands were equally divided annually; large battles were fought; and, after several years of quantities of gold and silver were extracted from wars in this direction, the Peruvian empire was the mines, the precious metals being only used bounded on the south by the river Maule, in as ornaments, and strings of capsicum (if such Chili. can be called a monetary medium), were in use in The Inca, having returned from his extended their markets. There were menageries of wild conquests, occupied his latter years in the erecanimals at Cuzco; and there were artists who tion of a large fortress at Cuzeo, surmounted by made figures of such, in gold, silver, and clay. several towers, and protected by a triple enThe palace of the Inca, at Cuzco, was large, closure of strong stone-walls—the style of buildand had a corresponding number of officers and sing of which was much admired by the Spanish servants; and on feast-days, 3,000 to 4,000 conquerors. This Inca was succeeded by his people could be accommodated. The chase was a favourite pastime. There was an arrangement XI. Inca, TUPAC YUPANKI,* continued his of chasquis (or couriers) on foot; by which
wars of conquest, subjugating the large country means there was a rapid transmission of orders
of Quito; which was soon under the coinmand and news throughout the kingdom: even the
of his son, Huayna Capac, who succeeded him Inca's table could be supplied with fresh fish, as the from the coast, although the distance was very
XII. Inca, HUAYNA CAPAC, who had four considerable.
wives : 1. Pileu Vaco (from whom he separated, Viracocha reigned fifty years, leaving his em- she having no children); 2. Rava Ocallo (the pire to bis son, Pachacutec. It is mentioned by
mother of Huasca); 3. Runta (his cousin), and some authors, that Viracocha abdicated in favour
4. Totopulla (the mother of Atta-Hualpa),
Huayna had other sons; one of these, named IX. INCA, PACHACUTEC. His wife was the Hualpa Inca, was the grandfather of Garcilloso, Coya Anarvarqui. Like unto the previous Incas, the historian. he travelled over his empire; and, fearing that a This Inca was much beloved by his people. long period of inaction would enervate his
It was on the birth of Huasca, that his father armies, he gave the chief command to his commanded a chain of gold to be made, to brother, Capac Yupanki; who was victorious in go round the public square of Cuzco, which was his expeditions.
200 paces by 50, and nearly an inch in thickness. The country of Cajamarca was now reduced This was secreted by the Indians, at the period to the Inca's sway, as well as that of the Chimu of the conquest, and has not been found hitherto. and Yungas, in the north; the latter, however, This Inca pursued his conquests towards the cost much loss of life and time: and they ap- coast of Tumbez, and from thence to Quito,
where he became enamoured of Totopalla, the
daughter of the principal chief of that country, * Viracocha appears to mean
" a fair com
who was the mother of Atta-Hualpa. His wars plexioned man.” The Peruvian Indians of the present day call Europeans viracochas; or, “ those froin over the great waters.” It is asserted of this Acosta says that he resigned his empire to his Inca, that he foretold the coming of the Spaniards, son, the Inca Topa, who was the father of Huayna and that they would destroy the empire.
of his son,
BY MRS. CHARLES ROW LAND DICKEN.
must have been very sanguinary in this quarter, 1 of Peru, is denominated as the last of the legitifor he had to renew his army several times. mate Incas, by the Peruvians.*
The inhabitants of the island of Puna killed some of his chiefs, for which he punished them severely; but at the rebellion of the Chachapuyas, he forgave and treated them with
A URO RA. generosity. After many victories he returned to Cuzco, to celebrate the feast of Rymi; after
(A Sonnet.) which he proceeded to Carangas, to punish his mutinous subjects there; and again went to Quito, where Totopulla, and his son AttaHualpa, lived. The Inca sent for his son
My thoughts on rose-tipped clouds will gladly sail, Huasca, informing him that Quito should re
Trav'lling through ether to a blest abode main as a separate kingdom, to be governed by Nor yet aught earthly mingled with my tale.
Where yet the foot of mortals ne'er bath trod, Atta-Hualpa. Huasca then returned to Cuzco.
A glorious maid, now hidden 'neath a veil Huayna Capac, being at his palace at Tu- Of fleecy clouds, bursts forth in dazzling light: mipampa, received, for the first time, informa- Sweet is the fairy-nymph of morning, bright, tion of strangers having arrived on his northern And rich in perfume as Arabia's gale. coasts. This was about 1515; two years after Now softly murmurs through the arching trees the discovery of the Pacific, by Balboa.
A melody of love from realms on high ; This Inca reigned forty-two years, and his Like angels' music whispered by the breeze, last days were passed at Quito. "His death was
Or the faint echo of a seraph's sigh ; caused from bathing when overheated, which The holy watcher, in his vision, sees produced a fatal fever. His heart was deposited
Aurora, Goddess of the Morn, is nigh. in Quito, and his body sent to Cuzco. After his death, Atta-Hualpa became Lord of Quito, and Huasca the
MODE OF PRESERVING YEAST ON A Long XIII. Inca of Peru, he being then at the Voyage. I would recommend any one who is age of twenty-five years. There
are several going for a voyage to take some yeast with him ; it versions as to the cause of the war between the may be taken easily in the following way, the receipt brothers; but the generally received one is, for which was given me by a knowing old steward, that Huasca became jealous of Atta-Hualpa, and and may be useful to travellers :- Take some clean demanded that he should give Quito up to him, new flannel, well washed, cut in strips two or three and repair to his capital and do him homage. inches in width; then with a painter's clean brush Atta-Hualpa refused to consent to the former paint over the fannel on both sides with thick yeast, part of the proposal, but agreed to the latter. three or four coats, hang it up to dry, and then roll recourse to arms; which ended in Atla-Hualpa in warin water, the barm will very soon leave the In consequence of this dispute, both parties had it up and pack it in small tin boxes; when yeast is
wanted, cut off a few inches of this flannel, soak it being made prisoner. He, however, made his Aannel and mix with the water, which may then be escape to Quito, and with a large force attacked stirred up in the flour: by this means yeast may be Huasca, and made him prisoner, constituting taken in good condition round the world. — From himself the
Recollections of a Ramble from Sydney to SouthXIV. Inca, and retaining his original name ampton. of Atta-Hualpa ; but called by Huasca's followers, “the bastard.” Things were in this position when Pizarro entered Peru. He was CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE INCAS first solicited by the captive Huasca to assist him in recovering his throne, and then by AttaHualpa, who desired bis alliance and friendship.
Reijned. Died. When Atta-Hualpa was informed of Huasca's I. Manco Capac proceeding with Pizarro, he had him put to
Oello Cora. III. Lloqui Yupanki.
Coya Cara. death, which took place in 1528.
IV Mayta Capac
1163 Coya Cuca. Pizarro reached Cajamarca, where he made V. Capac Yupanqui.
1228 Coya Curyllpay.
1258 Coya Micay. Atta-Hualpa his prisoner, and had him strangled, VII.Yuhuar Huacac
1288 Coca Chichia. in 1533. The conqueror of Peru married either
133S Coya Runta. a sister or daughter of Atta-Hualpa, who was
1398 Coya Anarvarqai. X Inca Yupanki
1438 Coya Chimpu Oralchristianized, and called “ Angelina;" by whom XI. Inca Tupac Yuhe had several children,
1478 Chimpu Oello. XV. Inca, Manco Capac II. This Inca X11. Inca Huayna Ca was a younger son of Huayna Capac, and was killed in battle by the Spaniards.
4.-Totopalla, XVI. Inca, TOPARPA, a son of Atta-Hualpa's,
Hualpa. was recognized by Pizarro as the legitimate Inca; but who died a very short time afterwards, on his journey with Pizarro from Cajamarca to Cuzco.
II. Sinchi Roca
40 30 30 30 60 30 30 50 60
VI. Inca Roca
VIII. Inca Viracocha
IX. Inca Pachacutec
1.- Pileu Vaco; 2.- Ravs Ocallo; 3.- Runta;
Mother of Atta
XIII. Inca Huasca ....
XV. Inca Manco Capac II, killed by the Spaniards, in 1544.
XVI. Inca Toparpa, died on his way from Cajamarca to Catce, Generally speaking, Huasca, the XIIIth Ruler
when accompanying Pizarro.
G E R A L DIN E --- A LI F E.
BY MRS. NEWTON CROSLAND.
that we often see tinged with a golden sunshine. Every memory of her mother was sweet and
sacred ;-of peace and of gladness. It was " While youth's keen light is in thine eye,
at this period that Mr. Harmer changed his While each new hour goes dancing by, While girlish visions are not gone,
residence from an inland town to the coast of And sorrow is almost unknown -".
Devon. Perhaps local associations have more S. R.
| influence upon us than we are always ready to admit. Geraldine's childhood had been passed
amid the soft rich scenery of the heart of Geraldine Harmer was an only child, and had England, where meadows show their brightest, been petted, caressed, beloved-indulged if you deepest green, and the affluent earth is most will, and what the world calls “ spoiled,” from lavish of its treasures; where blooming orchards infancy. But there is a wiser and better creed look like the flower gardens of some gigantic than that of the world in general; and it is, that world, and the ripening corn sways heavily in no human being can be spoiled by the govern- | the breeze, drooping beneath the weight of its ment of kindness and affection, be they ever so growing wealth ; where the sunny hills and the lavish and warm. One thing, however, it does; fertile valleys and the gentle streams look up to jast as sunshine develops the colour of flowers a changeful sky- to them most benignant-with and leaves which would have been pale and a fond and grateful smile! The scene had sickly in the shade, it draws out the deep hues surely been in unison with her own happy, and lines of character; and it may be that the joyous, careless childhood. selfishness of the selfish becomes more apparent Life is broken up into the epochs that emowhen such a nature is the recipient of life's tions make, far more vividly ihan by the lines choicest blessings. But who can think of the of outward actions or events; though often myriad hearts in which the noblest qualities, the enough they mould, or melt into, one another. purest aspirations, and even the most world. The death of her mother was Geraldine's first enriching talents lie buried like seeds in an sorrow, speedily followed by ihe change to a Egyptian tomb for want of the light and then sea-side residence; ard this-the perpetual prethe affections alone can bestow and yet grieve sence of the wide horizon, the changeful, restfor their rays shining-even though they chance | less, slumbering, treacherous ocean, was beau. to fall sometimes on unworthy objects !
tifully appropriate to the new life which was Beautiful as was Geraldine's developed cha dawning upon her. That one sorrow had opened racter, I believe her to have been only an ave- the dark door through which so much knowledge rage type of her sex, if its early influences were steals into the heart; that knowledge taught by more commonly as favourable. With all the soft- suffering, which is the balance in the scale, and ness and tenderness which belong of right to forbids even hope to soar too high. Yet she was a woman, she possessed that moral bravery at the age when, despite all the world can do, life which is sure to be extinguished by a discipline will ever wear a new and bright aspect, if not the of fear, and which for this reason is one of the brightest Fale has in store. And as Geraldine sat rarest attributes of character. For my own part, on the sea-shore, watching the glancing waves that I never hear a barsh word spoken to a child broke at her feet, her musings took that tinge of without trembling for the consequences, without poetry of which few natures are quite incapable. dreading that the bloom of perfect and proud Sometimes it seemed as if each wave had a story integrity may at that moment be brushed away, it refused to tell--a tale from the distant climes, and the first thoughts of deceit be fanned into whence it had toiled on soine strange mysterious
mission; or as she marked the gently rising Geraldine was about seventeen when she lost tide, obedient to the mistress of the waters, who her mother; and henceforth home-love seemed beckoned from her starry court, her soul seemed centred in her remaining parent. Friends may lifted by that worship of nature, most reverent be very dear, acquaintances pleasant and in, as it was, till she saw or created a thousand structive companions ; but it is round our very, vague yet beautiful types. hearth, under the roof where we rest, and in the It must not be supposed, however, that Gedaily, hourly intercourse of life, that the heart , raldine Harmer's life was that of a recluse, or must either be satisfied or not; and human that she grew to be a mere visionary; far otherhappiness, or a blank where it should be, exist. wise ; for the next six or seven years she mixed Blessed Geraldine! still, still for her was home a good deal in society, and paid at least one affection. Even grief for the dead, deep, intense visit in the year to the inetropolis. Observation as it was, had a gleam of light about it that was confirmed or contradicted the theories of her not borrowed from sorrow; like the dark clouds ! young mind; and in her father's constant society