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A New FEATURE OF THE ATOMIC Theory, rejected in the first scene; and to add insult to -The last Vumber, 220, section 2 of the pre- injury, the tenor, in the pride of his superiority, sent edition of the Catalogue (of the Exhibition), is very apt to hasten his departure by some such mentions the models of some Lucifer-matches phrase as “ Tyrant, begone!" which being rery made with amorphous phosphorus. The unin- high, and delivered with the chest voice, is er. formed reader would hardly guess that this tremely likely to get a round of applause. There simple statement involves the solution of one of is a limit to all huinan endurance, and if zora! the most curious problems of Vulcanic chemistry, men with bass vcices do turn out villains afici and indicates results of equal importance to com- , the first scene, I can't wonder at it. Having merce and philanthropy. The production and once vowed vengeance against the tenor, by commercial uses of this mysterious body have, touching the hilt of his sword, the poor bass been hitherto checked by the fearful disease its must now give up the last claim to sentiment. subtle absorption into the system produces, lle is usually to be seen surrounded by a nud: and by the dangers attending its transport or ber of suspicious-looking gentlemen, who are storage, as it ignites at the temperature of a extremely partial to drink, and who, in a grand warm summer day. The conversion of phos- chorus, declare their determination to stick to phorus from a crystallized into an amorphous him to the last. He now generally appears to form, strips this dangerous substance of its veloped in a cloak; and although he has for. highly inflammable and poisonous qualities; but feited all hope of the friendship of respectable in doing so deprives it of none of its useful pro- people-for the sake of his voice in the concerted perties. At the same time the fact of this being inusic, he is allowed to sneak in at the back, wrought by a simple change in the arrangement where he often creates much effect by imaginary of its constituent atoms, gives us an insight into stabs at the tenor, after the manner of the wara series of phenomena equally new and im- riors at the fairs, who never thrust at each other portant. Whilst looking at the dull brown save upon the accented portions of the bar. amorphous mass, of which a piece now lies be- I have thought much upon this subject, and fore us, and comparing it with the straw cannot be made to see that gentlemen with dark coloured crystallized form, we are no longer whiskers and bass voices should be thus dissurprised at the succession of changes in the couraged in their amours. It is true that the internal structure of carbon from soot to gra- / stage is but a mimic representation of life; but, phite or the diamond. Concerning the entire if such things are allowed to be continually identity of the amorphous and crystallized placed before a public audience, who knows but phosphorus, there can be no room for doubt, as they inay prove extremely prejudicial to the we can at will reproduce either from the other, rising generation? The notion may erentually without the addition of any new matter what. so take possession of the people, that the claims ever. Baron Liebig has already ventured to of suitors shall be estimated by the compass of suggest that many of the minerals composing their voices, and a good tenor ut de poitrine be the crust of the earth may be different crystal-equivalent to a round sum at the banker's lizations of one and the same body.--Edinburgh Happy tenors may marry and rear up families, Review.
whilst despised basses may go to their graves
unpitied and forlorn. Many persons may say A PLEA FOR THE BASSES.- I have observed
that a bass voice is necessary in an opera, and lately with much regret, that the principal tenor
that those who happen to possess one are sure of an opera is almost invariably the successful
of receiving a good salary in an establishment lover; he it is who basks in the sunny smiles of
devoted to music. This is true ; but it is my the prima donna ; whilst the bass is too often
wish that all principal singers should be placed made painfully to feel his situation as the re
on an equality ; and, in consideration of the de jected lover, and compelled to groan out his
gradation to which basses are continually subhopeless passion in rocky passes or dreary ca
jected, I would suggest that the scale of salary verns. During the whole progress of the opera,
should be regulated by the pitch of the voice, the happy tenor has little to do but to make
and that tenors should consequently be conlove and enjoy himself. Sometimes he is rowing
tented to receive less money, on account of their in a gondola, and sometimes serenading in a garden; sometimes transported by unknown
enviable situation amongst other vocalists."
is true that this might sometimes occasion ab hands to a fairy palace, and sometimes banquet
surd attempts to alter the pitch of voices; for ing in a moonlit grove. In every situation he
whilst a sentimental bass would endeavour to
while is the favoured individual; and, whilst many of
force his voice upwards, in order to make love the characters are buffeted about by fortune,
successfully, a grovelling, money-grubbing he generally contrives between singing, flirting,
aug, 1 tenor might try to pass for a bass, for the sake and seasting on the good things of this life, to
of the superior salary.- Henry C. Lunn. spend a very pleasant time of it. Mean: | while, however, the poor bass leads the life A COMMERCIAL LOVE-LETTER.-In France, of any dog. If he be a lover, he is generally women take an active part in the business of life, which, however, does not prevent their
WORDSWORTH. being objects of love and adoration, as much as the idlest of their sex. The combination of ro
Find a new depth in Wordsworth undreamed of mance and reality is curiously illustrated by the That divinely-inspired, wise, deep, tender, grand
before, following letter, found in a railway carriage : 1
Ibid. “Paris, 29th June, 1851.
A DUNCE. “Madam :-In reply to yours of the 20th of
He meant well enough, but was still in the way, June last, which duly came to hand, I beg to
came to hand, I beg to As a dunce always is, let hiin be where he may; say that I have forwarded the samples you asked Indeed they appear to come into existence fur, together with the price curient of the arti. To impede other folks with their awkward assistcle in question. And now I return to the object
ance; of my former letter--indeed I cannot take your If you set up a dunce on the very North pole, answer as a definite one-indeed you will listen all alone with himself, I believe, ou my soul, to my devoted love. At your age you cannot | He'd manage to get betwixt somebody's shins, Ling remain a widow - you hare nothing to fear
And pitch him down bodily, all in his sius, from so easy a temper and so devoted a love as
To the grave polar bears sitting round on the ice, mine. The house of Chartier and Company has
All shortening their grace, to be in for a slice; asked for six month's credit; are you disposed
Or if he found nobody else there to pother,
Why one of liis legs would just trip up the other, to grant it? Answer, by return of post, this
For there's nothing we read of in torture's inventions, question, and the one which concerns the happi
Like a well-meaning dunce with the best of interiness of my life. You are the realization of all
Ibid. my dreams. The affection, respect, and esteem I feel for you, are sincere and profound. The
The SUB-MArine Electric TeleGRAPH. union of our two houses would give an exten
- The advantages of transmitting communicasion to business on both sides, which woulu be
tions by electricity increase, of course, in porce incalculable. I have accepted your paper upon
portion to the distance for this agent anni. the house of Bernard and Co. Colza oil is at
at hilates both time and space. Were it extended twenty-one francs.
to India, instead of waiting months between the " Hoping for a reply by return of post, I close po
posting of a letter and the receiving of an answer, this letter with a beating heart.
there might be more intercommunications in orie “ Yours, respectfully,
hour than can now be obtained in the progre: 8 “ M."
of a year. When that extended ramification of « The house of Fritz has stopped. How my
telegraphic wires shall have been accomplished heart beats as I write to you. Oils are decidedly
-as there seems every reason to suppose it will increasing in price.”- American Newspaper.
some day be-the influence on society will be
incalculable. Then, if the transmitting wire can NATHANIEL Hawthorne, (An American be extended under water from England to France,
author of “ The Scarlet Leiter ;" “ The House why not to America ? It is in shallow seas and of the Seven Gables,” &c. &.c.)
on rocky shores that the difficulty of protecting There is Hawthorne, with genius so striking and rare
the wire exists. Under the deep waters of the
Atlantic it would rest undisturbed by anchors That you hardly at first see the strength that is there;
or shifting currents, and out of danger from the A frame so robust, with a nature so sweet,
attacks of living creatures. In depths where So carnest, so graceful, so solid, so fleet,
light and life cannot penetrate, it might in Is worth a descent froin Olympus to meet;
darkness and in safety carry on intercourse 'Tis as if a rough oak that for ages had stood, between the remotest parts of the world. With his guarleu bony branches like ribs of the wood, There seems nothing really impracticable in Should bloom, after cycles of struggle and scathe, such an undertaking. We have been assured With a single anemone trembly and wrathe;
I that the same two gentlemen who first suggesied His -trength is so ten ler, his wilduess so meek,
and commenced this enterprise have expressed That a suitable parallel sats one to seek –
to some of our eminent engineers ard capitalists He's a John Bunyan Fouqué, a Puritan Tieck; When Nature was shaping lim, clay was not
their conviction of the feasibility of establishing granted
a single line of communication between this For making so full-sized a man as she wanted;
country and America for a less sum than was So, to till out her model, a little she spared
paid Er making a single mile of the expensive Fromn some finer-grained stuff for a woman pre I portion of the Great Western Railway. It was pared,
proposed in this instance to have only a single And she could not have hit a more excellent plan wire covered with guttil percha, similar to that For making him fully and perfectly man.
used last year to prove the practicability of The success of her scheme gave her so much delight,
passing an electric current across the Channel That she tried it again shortly after, in Dwight;
from England to France :-to which it was pro0::ly. while she was kneading and shaping the clay,
posed to add an additional protection of hempen She sang to her work in her sweet childish way; And found, when she'd put the last touch to his
plat--the hemp having been passed through a Soul,
chemical solution, to render it indestructible in That the music had somehow got mixed with the | salt water. Such a line, it was said, of gutta wbole.
percha and prepared hemp would, although only A Fable for the Critics about three-quarters of an inch in diameter, be
of nearly double the strength of the experimental the ordinary speed of the steamer. Tie vas: line laid down between England and France last importance of such an object is not to be weighed year in a strong sea and running tide. The pro- against a sum of £100,000; which, we are as. position was, first to extend it to Ireland, thence sured, would more than accomplish it if a single to the south-west coast, the nearest point for the wire only were employed. The successíul com. American continent, and where the bold rocky pletion of one line would of course be speedily coast offers depths that secure its safety froin followed by that of others. This once accom. anchors-and thence to the nearest point on the plished, the extension of the line across the American coast :- considerably under 2,000 American continent to the Pacific would follow miles. Choosing the months of summer, and certainly; and we should have the astounding an experienced American and English captain fact of a communication from the shores of the accustomed to the track, such a line, it was Pacific, crossing America and the Atlantic, and averred, might with very simple machinery be touching our shores in an instant of time! paid out night and day with perfect safety, at The Athenaum.
LI T E R A T U R E.
A Defence or IgxORANCE. By the au- , names and caricatures. Ignorance suffers when a thor of “How to make Home Unhealthy."- child is taught through its affietions. (Chapman and Hall.)—This is a sensible, ivitty, We should like to quote a clever passage or and clever little book, to which “sharp and sen- Tolerance and Sell-respect, as resulting freu tentious, pleasant without scurrility, witty with-education, which immediately follows this; but out affectation, audacious without impudency, we wust pass on. Our next extract describes learned without opinion, and strange without the gates of the Castle of Ignorance, kert at 2 heresy" - Shakspere's beau ideal of conversation / white heat by the furnace of religious zeal. might be fairly and unflatteringly applied. Its
How I enjoy this heat! O that I could wriggle author, as in the case of his former work, has myself like å Salamander through the glowing coals, brought irony to bear upon his subject; and,
and nestle in tlic hottest corner of the furnace! li undertaking “The Defence of Ignorance," has is so beautiful to think that Christians should have proved himself its unflinching antagonist. Not settled from the beginning, that love to God and only does he attack indifference to the subject man, faith, hope, and charity, are the mere supet. of education, but even ventures to expose and | fuity and fat of their religion-that which gies condemn the system of our present educators in | roundness and beauty to the outline, while the ficou schools and universities. Indeed, it is at the and bone consist in a scientific knowledgo of the
rance which assumes the right to teach that l nature and attributes of God. How very bony, too, his hardest blows are dealt. Practically, as well
Vi some of us are; all bone and fibre, with but little as theoretically, acquainted with his subject, he
fat to hamper us, and be a clog on our extreme ac
tivity. deals broadside after broadside upon the weather
* * # # # Delicious is the firo of theo. beaten hull, which has floated up from the dark
logic zeal, which wants the latitude and longitude
of heaven, takes the measurement of Satan's tail, ages of monastic supremacy into the troubled sets brothers quarreling about a pinch of miai, waters of enlightened and light-seeking days, but I and, not in mindiul of the sermon on the Mount, which seems at last about to make way for a ' endeavours to make all men blessed, by taking care trimmer and more sca-worthy substitute. « The that they shall all be reviled and persecuted, and dust on antique time" seems little likely to “lie hare all manner of evil said against them falsely for long unswept,” while wits like this our author the sale of the religion which their hearts adop: are at hand to purge it. “The Select Com
0, Methodist, revile the Church! O, Church, mittee, which appointed itself to inquire into
revile the Methodist ! 0, Catholic, rerile them the State of Education in this country, and into
both! O, both of ye, revile the Catholic! any measures which may be required for “The
So keep this furnace hot, and let no mortal hand
push at this gate. Ignorance of the poor! be thos Defence of Ignorance," publishes its report in
a barrier for ever. # * * * As for the Pope's the pages of this little volume. The first di- |
coals, our enemies, the Educationists, would like to vision of the subject is devoted to the Ignorance have a pair of long tongs, wherewith quietly to of the Middle Classes ; and in it we have a con. I take them off again before they throw out heat : bat trast between the author's ideal of a school for it is the custom in this country, I rejoice to say, in children and the present almost universal re- all such cases to employ the poker! We have stirred ality. The following passage is pregnant with the coals in, and got up a rousing blaze. * *** suggestion:
The machinations of the Pope are ship-worms, eat
ing into your heart of oak. These screw their way That impotence of anger is, in my mind, the into the vessel of the church whencrer it is subgreat object of the flogging. More physical pain merged in the stormy waters of debate. The lorer now and then does a child good, and is soon for timbers of that vessel are not, and must not on any gotten: it will propagate no ignorance. What I account be, sheathed with the base copper of 8 u like is to see a storm of anger raised in a child's man education. heart against his tcacher, all its winds tied up in a 0, all ye good Christians, disagree and splin bag within him, without any hope of getting vent, among yourselves! 0, Churchmen, let me not ass except among his companions, in spiteful nickel what else besides a right opinion on the surpas
question, Christian views of the wax-candle diffi- , famous for the careful delicacy of the finger-work, culty, a holy reverence for wood as the material for and the complete absence of thought." altars — what else but a right understanding of discussions upon wood and stone, and wax and calico,
Lastly, as an amenıle for this, an eulogy of the can be intended by the narrow way to heaven? Ask
natural female character :of your intellect. Can there be anything more nar- Brisk or steady, young or old, and whether in a row?"
state of natural simplicity, ignorant, or sophistiThe author then traces the steps taken for the cated, there is something in every woman at which education of the poor, abroad and at home, from no truc man can laugh. In the sweet honied flow 1.798 to the present day. Tempting as this por- of youth, there is a charm, some part of which is tion of the work is from its interesting statistics induce 'acetous fermentation, as they often do. In
not lost, although time and careless keeping should and keen satire, we must pass on to the next di- the most vinegary woman there is still a flavour of vision, “Ignorance at the Universities,” in the warm sun on the fruit. The man who blames which we find some smart hits and highly in our friends upstairs as frivolous, acknowledges that teresting information.
every one of them has that within her which can At the University of Oxforil, as is well known, make her stronger than a strong man in the spirit
A bit of nothing is taught but theology and antiquities. Of of endurance and self-sacrifice. theology only a part, and of antiquities only the pure air sticks about a woman, let her go where she languages of Greece and Rome, with so much Greek may, and be she who she may: the girl most deeply and Roman history as illustrates the author's sunk in misery and vice retains it, and can rise by it studies. Whatever knowledge is required of when opportunity shall come. A little creature mathematics is less than any schoolboy carries home lives far out at sea upon the gulf-weed-Litiopa with him, who has been reasonably taught. What is its naine-often there comes a wave that sweeps ever lectures are delivered upon sciences are few in it from its hold, and forces it into the deep. It number, and are the rags confided alınost literally carries down with it an air-bubble, and glues io this 10 dead walls. The disciple of Oxford, who has a thread, which, as the bubble rises to the surface, taken the highest honours of the university, unless it extends. The little bit of air, before it breaks he should get himself corrupted with knowledge out of its film, floats on the water, and is soon atfrom some other source, might be the warden of tracted by the gulf-weed, towards which it runs and your House of Ignorance, and keep you all in safety. fastens alongside; up comes the Litiopa by her He is nseless upon earth, would be mere ballast in thread then, and regains the seat for which she was a bailoon, and one too many in a diving-bell. lle created. A bit of pure air sticks like this about all becomes, according to his opportunities, perhaps a women, from the Queen on her throne, down to legislator, and his training has unfitted him for the world-abandoned creature on the pavement." frappling with great public questions. He applauds With this exquisite passage we take our leave his brother, who quotes Virgil in a speech, and can of this delightful volume, hoping that our ex. say “ Hear, hear” like a gentleman. Or lie be tracts may have the effect of sending many of comes a scholar, reads much Greek and Latin, and
our readers to the work itself. C. H. H. abstains from operating on his fellow-creatures, as a surgcon conscious of his inability to use the knife. The LILY AND THE BEE; AN APOLOGUE Or he becomes a --; well, I don't know anything | OF THE CRYSTAL PALACE. By Samuel Warelse that he is fit to be. He becomes a clergyman, ren, F.R.S. (Blackwood.)– Yes; we are now for which office his training has not been the best. convinced of the fact: the Crystal Palace has Or he becomes a schoolmaster, and teaches others done some mischief! What an amount of envy, to nurse one idea. Or, having wealth sufficient, he ubsides into a country gentleman, for which he is jealousy, disease, insanity, and suicide, has it extremely fit.
not provoked! Its tendency to produce mental
aberration was never more prominently exhibited After touching on the inisappropriation of than in the work hefore us, entitled, “ The Lily their funds by colleges and grammar-schools, and the Bee,” hy Samuel Warren, F.R.S. The our author passes on to the subject of Feirale mind of the author of "Ten Thousand a Year," Education, from which portion of the volume “ 'The Diary of a Physician,” and “ Now and We select a passage worth pondering. The Then,” bas at last succumbed before the malign author is also very severe on the subject of or influence of the Crystal Palace. It has tempted nainental wor so much so, as to render his him to conceive strange utterances of oracular study, we suspect, destitute for ever of those dulness and rhapsodic twaddle, and unfortulittle ladies' gifts which young gentlemen are nately left him the power of printing and circu. usually so fond of obtaining.
lating these crazy manifestations. The Crystal Ladies learn drawing as they learn crochet-to Palace was a grand idea and a grand realization, give mechanical employment to their fingers which but we certainly did not imagine that it was shall not engage their brains. If they sketch from destined to leave behind it such a debris of the nature, it is very well; for gentlemen can hold their ridiculous and the pitiable. The book surely pencils, while they receive, without awkwardness, does not belong to our province; its minner the flattery for which of course all women were would lead us to deem it fitter for the grave created. * * * It is not intended that the eye shall perceive more than the lines and colours to be imi- apprehensions and considerations of a physician tated ; and the ape is worked upon paper,
than the calm opinion of the critic. We must with different tools, indced, but with the same feel- therefore seriously caution our readers against ing as if it were a watch-pocket or a kettle-holder. wasting their money in the purchase of such a Paintings from nature, however, are in less request Bedlamite production. Let us, however, be just than large chalk heads and little album drawings, and confess ourselves indebted to it for some
original information : in the first place, we have | British Soldier" is a journal devoted to the inlearned from its pages that the Duke of Wel. terests of the United Services, and bids fair 10 lington is the private property of Her Majesty ; supply a want long felt in the literary world. and secondly, that the style is meant to be an Not only does it appear to chronicle passing imitation of ancient Saxon poetry, which it re. events, but the present number contains several sembles about as much as one of Dr. Conolly's well-written original articles, and a military straw.crowned monarchs in Hanwell is like novel (from the practised pen of the editor de King Alfred. The following extract is an average suspect) commences most spiritedly. Profeso sample of the whole work:
sional knowledge and literary ability seem 10 O, fearful flight, down ! down! to the Past
point out Colonel Hort as peculiarly qualified 10 One of the Present, THERE!- Flight conduct such a magazine. flight-soul-chilling flight-On-on-on!
MARIAN WITHERS. By Geraldine E. Jers. -What's sounding in my ear
bury, author of “ Zve," " The Half Sisters," What Scenes-* * * -- And Who are these - &c. 3 vols.- (Colburn and Co.)- This book, In BABYLOX?-
read in the right spirit, will be found to convey -Lo, People !-- Nations!-- Languages !
more healthful stimulus to wise womanly doing Princes! and Governors
than ninety-nine out of a hundred of professediy Assembled all----and there A King
moral essays. The scene is laid cbiefly in the A Golden Image! Hark, a Herald crying!
neighbourhood of Manchester, among milAll bowing down-all worshipping
owners and “county people," including the
vulgar rich, the honest, high-minded trader, And Nineve
fine ladies and fine gentlemen; the strong ina ASSYRIA
terest of the story gathering round certain indi. EGYPT0, what a solemn haze! But I am passing by
viduals scarcely to be classed in the abore cate
gory, but life-like English men and women, nct them all
deitied inpossible heroes, but genuine huma. Samson ! Philistines ! PHARAOH!-
nity. The grand features of this novel, hov. Old ABRAHAM
ever, are the subtle knowledge of character it
erinces, and the bold manner in which the What Tower is yonder-
rocks, on which most commonly woman's hapo and a CONFUSED multitude ?
piness is wrecked, are laid bare. Miss Jets
bury calls things by their right names, and Again Away! Away !-Away!
shows into what an abyss of misery a virtuo's Am I flying hidden-safe-on an angel's wing
woman must plunge, when she links herself for unseen,
life to a man of lax principles. Women do not 0, me!
know the wrong they do to themselves when
they tolerate in their drawing-rooms men of de -Troubled, this ancient air-my soul is cold with
praved characters, because they are wealthy or awe --with fear
to the air is all
brilliant, or because it has been the custom of gone red
“ the world” not to take count of their evil. 0, CAIN
doings; and do not feel, what surely is the Do I look on thee-with creeping blood ?--- truth, that by this tacit countenance of ihe roue, 0, thou First-born Bloody One!
they largely share that guilt which yet they visit What hast thou done?
so mercilessly in the case of a fallen sister. It In this manner it runs on through 205 pages.
is long since we have seen any work of fiction The sanest part of the book is its peculiar and
il which we feel it so strong a duty earnestly to familiar flattery of our gracious Queen, which
recommend to our readers, who must not, howe we should fancy would be little acceptable to
ever, from our accoun', consider it simply dithat august lady. The author has, however,
dactic. On the contrary, the story is intensely
interesting, while the work is thickly studded gone a step farther : he has undertaken to be clairvoyant, to penetrate Her Majesty's thoughts
with geins of truth and wisdon like the foland emotions, and to be-Warrenise them in language for which we trust he has no authority “ If we keep ourselves quiet where our lot has more accurate than his own inspiration.
been cast, and do the duties appointed to us, we shali
find that things seek us in a wonderful manner : it is THE BRITISH SOLDIER. Edited by when we go out of our way to seek them that we mis Lieutenant Colonel Hort. No. 1, October. what we would most desire to find, or, finding the (Kent and Richards.) – This periodical — al letter of our hopes, we miss the spirit.” monthly magazine-is of course one addressed | And again. to a class; but as the wives, sisters, and
“ Few things befall men, lowerer dreadful in antidaughters of military and naval officers are no
cipation, that they cannot cope with when they hare doubt many among our readers, we are glad of
to stand up face to face before them. Men frequenili the opportunity of mentioning a work which
commit suicide in a trenzy of desperate anticipation; doubtless will have an especial interest for them, but when they are once engaged in a fair figlit with if like the rest of their sex they concern them- the thing they apprehendeid, a sense of strength and selves with the pursuits of their relatives. “The life is developed to which they are faithful,”