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intendents to report the names of such children, together with the names and addresses of the parents or those having control of such children to the commissioner of labor and industrial statistics at Madison, upon blanks furnished for that purpose, and to the proper truant officer of the county, district or city. The truant officer shall immediately upon receipt of such report, or when he obtains information of delinquencies, notify by registered mail, or by the service of notice in the same manner as provided for the service of summons in a civil case in a justice court, the parent or the person having control of such child or children, to cause such child or children to be sent to some public, parochial or private school within five days from the date notice is deposited, properly addressed in the post office, if notice is served by registered mail, or five days from the date of the personal service of said notice.

2. The notice shall inform the parent or other person in parental relation that the law requires that all children between the ages of seven and fourteen, and between the ages of fourteen and sixteen, if not regularly employed as provided by sections 1728a to 1728j, inclusive, are to be in regular attendance at some school as provided in section 439a. It shall be the duty of all truant officers, after having given the notice hereinbefore described, to determine whether the parent or other person in parental relation has complied with the notice, and in case of failure to so comply, he shall immediately notify the commissioner of labor and industrial statistics of such failure, and within three days after having knowledge of or having been notified thereof, make complaint against said parent or person in parental relation having the legal charge and control of such child or children, before any justice of the peace in the county, where such party resides.

3. Provided, that in counties where the criminal jurisdiction of the justice of the peace has been abolished, the court or courts now having such powers, shall have jurisdiction in cases brought under the provisions of sections 439a to 439cd, inclusive; for such refusal or neglect to send such child or children to some school as provided in sections 439a to 439cd, inclusive; and said justice of the peace or other court shall issue a warrant on said complaint and shall proceed to hear and determine the same, in the same manner as provided by statute for other criminal cases under his jurisdiction. All truant officers or other officers having the power of truant officers shall have the power to apprehend without warrant, any child or children found violating the provisions of sections 439a to 439cd, inclusive, and cause such child or children to be placed in some public, parochial or private school. It shall be the duty of all school officers, superintendents, teachers or other persons to render such assistance and furnish such information as they may have at their command, to aid truant officers in the performance of their duties. [1907 c. 446; 1911 c. 421; 1911 c. 664 s. 69] ·

Truant officers' compensation. SECTION 439cd. 1. Truant officers in cities of the first, second and third classes shall receive such compensation as shall be fixed by the boards of education of such cities or boards having similar powers.

2. The chief of police and the police officers of cities of the fourth class may perform the duties of truant officers in addition to the other duties devolving upon them, and shall receive no extra or additional compensation therefor.

3. When the sheriff, undersheriff, and his deputies are acting as truant officers as provided herein, they shall be paid the same fees as provided for such officers in criminal actions brought under the laws of this state, and in counties where the sheriff and deputies are paid an annual salary they shall receive their actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as truant officers, but no extra compensation shall be allowed. [1907 c. 446; 1913 c. 230, 650]

Truancy reports to industrial commission. SECTION 439ce. Each county and city superintendent of schools shall report to the industrial commission and to the proper truant officer within ten days after the close of each month, commencing with the month of October and concluding with the month of May in each year, the name of each child residing in the county, district, or city under his supervision who during said month has not complied with the provisions of section 439a of the statutes, and the name and post-office address of the parent or guardian of such child. If any county or city superintendent has no names of delinquent children to report for any month as provided in this section, it shall be the duty of such superintendent promptly to notify the industrial commission of that fact. It shall be the duty of each county and city superintendent of schools to require suitable monthly reports from the teachers under his jurisdiction in order to assist such superintendent in preparing the aforesaid reports. Immediately upon serving the notice as provided in sections 4396 and 439cc of the statutes upon the parent or guardian of any child, it shall be the duty of the truant officer to notify the teacher of such child of such service. The return of the child to school shall be promptly reported by the teacher to the truant officer and superintendent. It shall be the duty of each truant officer to make a

report each month to the industrial commission, showing the action taken by him in the cases of delinquency reported to him by the superintendent. Blanks for reports by superintendents to the industrial commission and to the truant officer shall be furnished by the industrial commission. [1911 c. 542; 1913 c. 650]

Penalty." SECTION 439cf. Any superintendent of schools or any truant officer who violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions of sections 4396, 439cb, 439cc, and 439ce of the statutes shall be subject to a forfeiture of not less than five nor more than twenty-five dollars for each such offense, which on complaint of the industrial commission may be recovered against such superintendent or truant officer in an action in debt brought by the attorney-general before any court of competent jurisdiction. [1913 c. 650]

Use of forfeiture. SECTION 439d. The forfeiture herein provided for, when collected, shall be paid over to the proper treasurer, to be accounted for by him as money raised for school purposes in the city, town, village or district in which the person suffering the forfeiture resided at the time thereof. (1889 c. 519; 1891 c. 187; Stats. 1898 S. 439d]

Census officer's duty. SECTION 439e. It shall be the duty of all officers empowered to take the school census to ascertain the number of children between the ages of seven and thirteen years in their respective districts, the number of children between such ages who did not attend school, and, as far as possible, the cause of such failure to attend school. (1889 c. 519; 1891 c. 187; Stats. 1898 s. 439e]

Attendance at school on reservation compulsory. SECTION 439f. Whenever the government of the United States shall organize or cause to be organized and maintained on any reservation for school purposes within this state, special schools for general educational purposes and the expense of tuition, lodging, food and clothing of the pupils enrolled therein is borne wholly or in part by the United States or the state of Wisconsin, it shall be compulsory on the part of every parent or guardian within the state having control of a child or children between the ages of five and eighteen years, eligible to attend such school, to cause such child or children to attend such school for a period of at least nine months in each year, or during the annual term; provided, that any child may be excused from attendance thereat by the principal or superintendent of the school upon its being shown to his satisfaction that the physical or mental condition of such child renders application to study or attendance at school inadvisable for the period required, or that the child is taught in some private or other public school or at home in the branches usually taught in the public schools of the state, or is actually and necessarily compelled to labor for the support of the parent or guardian, or that the residence of the parent or guardian of such child is more than ten miles distant from said school and that free transportation of said child is not provided for by the United States or the state of Wisconsin; the facts in each and every case named above to be determined upon investigation by the principal or superintendent of said school. [1905 c. 330 s. 1; Supl. 1906 s. 439f; 1907 c. 118]

Refusal or neglect of guardian to cause attendance of child. SECTION 439g. In all cases of refusal or neglect on the part of the parent or guardian and before attempting to enforce the provisions of this act, it shall be the duty of the principal or superintendent of the school within said territory to serve or cause to be served upon the parent or guardian a demand for the attendance of such child who has not been excused therefrom. Such notice shall be in writing and give the name of each child and designate the school upon which attendance is required. If the parent or guardian claims that the child should be excused for one or more of the reasons given in section 1 of this act, it shall be the duty of the principal or superintendent of such school to make immediate investigation of the matter and to place his findings in the case in writing. If after such investigation the child is found eligible to attend such school and the parent or guardian shall fail or refuse to comply therewith within ten days after service of a written notice to such effect, then and in such case the principal or superintendent of said school shali make complaint against such parent or guardian as required by law. [1905 C. 330 s. 2; Supl. 1906 s. 4399; 1907 C. 118]

Penalty. SECTION 439h. Any parent or guardian failing to comply with the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars or by imprisonment in the county jail not less than five days or more than thirty days, and in case of conviction for a second or any subsequent offense shall be punished by both such fine and imprisonment. - [1905 c. 330 s. 3; Supl. 1906 s. 439h ; 1907 c. 118]

Duty of dist ict attorney, sheriff, etc. SECTION 439i. It shall be the duty of the district attorney of the county in which such offense is committed to prosecute all actions arising under the provisions of this act when such complaint is made by the superin

tendent or principal of the school. It is likewise made the duty of sheriffs, constables and peace officers in the state to take cognizance of this act and assist principals and superintendents of schools in carrying out its provisions. [1905 c. 330 s. 4; Supl. 1906 8. 439i; 1907 c. 118]

Choice and change of textbooks. SECTION 440. The board shall determine what textbooks shall be used in the school, make a list of such books, file a copy thereof with the clerk and keep a copy of such list posted in the schoolhouse. When textbooks shall have been so adopted they shall not be changed for the period of three years. [1854 c. 80 s. 40; R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 42; 1863 c. 155 s. 53; 1866 c. 111 s. 5; 1867 c. 111 s. 7; 1868 c. 156 s. 1; R. S. 1878 s. 440; 1883 c. 251 s. 1; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 440; 1891 c. 308 s. 1; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 440; 1905 c. 443 s. 1; Supl. 1906 s. 440; 1907 c. 118]

Same in cities. SECTION 440a. The board of education in any city shall determine what textbooks shall be used in its schools, make a list of such books file a copy with their clerk or secretary and keep a copy posted in each school building. When textbooks shall have been so adopted, except in a city which furnishes free textbooks to the pupils in its public schools, they shall not be changed for three years. In any city where the district system is not in force the board of education may, under the limitations of this section, order changes in textbooks as aforesaid. Such changes, except as to free textbooks as aforesaid, shall be approved by the city council; and the board of education may purchase textbooks for use in its schools, and loan or furnish them to pupils under such conditions or regulations as they may prescribe. But no textbooks which would have a tendency to inculcate sectarian ideas shall be used in any public school. [1875 c. 315; R. S. 1878 s. 514; 1883 c. 251 s. 3; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 514; 1891 c. 308 s. 2; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 440a]

Penalty. SECTION 4406. Every member of the district board or of a board of education, when a list of textbooks has been adopted according to law, who shall, within three years from the date of such adoption, order a change of textbooks in his district or city shall forfeit the sum of fifty dollars. [1863 c. 155 s. 53; R. S. 1878 s. 503; 1883 c. 251 s. 2; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 503; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 440b]

Board to visit school. SECTION 441. The board shall visit the school, examine into its condition, advise with the teacher in regard to the instruction, government and progress of the pupils, and exercise such general supervision as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. [R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 61; 1863 c. 155 s. 54; R. S. 1878 s. 441; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 441; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 441]

Insurance. SECTION 441a. Any district board or board of education may insure the school property, and, if necessary, execute a note for the premiums. [1887 c. 414; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 441a; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 441a]

DIRECTOR.

His duties. SECTION 442. It shall be the duty of the director of each district:

(1) To countersign all orders legally drawn by the clerk upon the treasurer of the district.

(2) To appear for and on behalf of the district in all actions brought by and against it, when no other direction shall have been lawfully given at a district meeting.

(3) To cause an action to be prosecuted in the name of the district on the treasurer's bond in case of any breach of any condition thereof, and to apply all money when collected to the use of the district as the same should have been applied by the treasurer. [R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 17, 18, 22; 1863 c. 155 s. 32–34; R. S. 1878 s. 412; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 442; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 442]

TREASURER.

Bond. SECTION 443. The treasurer shall, within ten days after his election or appointment, execute to the district and file with the clerk a bond, in double the amount, as nearly as can be ascertained, of all the money of the district to come into his hands, with sufficient sureties, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duty and approved by the director and clerk. He shall hold office until his successor be elected or appointed and qualified as herein provided. Whenever the director and clerk shall deem the bond of the treasurer insufficient they shall demand an additional bond in such sum as they shall fix, conditioned, approved and filed in the manner aforesaid, within ten days after such demand. The neglect or refusal to file such bond in either case shall vacate the office. Neither the director, clerk nor teacher shall hold the office of treasurer in his own district. [1863 c. 155 s. 35, 36; R. S. 1878 s. 443; 1879 c. 117; 1889 c. 254; Ann. Stats. 1889 8. 443; 1897 e. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 443]

Treasurer's duties. SECTION 444. The treasurer shall apply for and receive from the town treasurer all money apportioned to or collected for the district and pay money on the order of the clerk countersigned by the director, and not otherwise. He shall keep a book in which he shall enter all the money received and disbursed by him, specifying particularly the sources from which the same has been received, the persons to whom and the object for which the same has been paid, and shall afford the clerk access thereto when desired to enable him to make his annual report. He shall present to the annual meeting a report in writing containing a statement of all moneys received by him during the preceding year and of each item of disbursement made by him and exhibit the voucher therefor. At the close of his term of office he shall settle with the board and deliver to his successor said book, all vouchers, orders, papers and money coming into and remaining in his hands as treasurer. [1854 c. 80 s. 19, 20; 1858 c. 138; R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 19, 20; 1863 c. 155 s. 37, 38; R. S. 1878 s. 444; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 444; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1899 S. 444]

Prosecution of town treasurer. SECTION 445. The treasurer shall prosecute the town treasurer of the town in which the district or any part thereof is situated for the recovery of any money belonging to the district which the town treasurer refuses or neglects for the space of ten days from the time fixed by law therefor to pay over to him. [1854 c. 80 s. 32, 43; R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 94; 1863 c. 62 s. 10; 1863 c. 155 s. 132; R. S. 1878 s. 445; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 445; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 445]

CLERK. |

His duties. SECTION 446. It shall be the duty of the clerk:

(1) To report the name and post-office address of each officer of his district to the town clerk and to the town treasurer, or if a joint district to the clerk and treasurer of each town in which his district is situated, within ten days after the election or appointment of such officer.

(2) To act as clerk and record the proceedings of the district meetings.

(3) To enter in the record book provided by the board the minutes of its meetings, orders, resolutions and other proceedings.

(4) To enter in said record book copies of all his reports to the town clerk and the certificate of the proceedings of a meeting returned by a temporary clerk as provided in section 430.

(5) To draw orders on the treasurer for money apportioned to or raised by the district to pay, according to the contract made by the board, the wages of any qualified teacher for teaching the district school, and to make any other payment voted at a meeting pursuant to section 430.

(6) To make a record in some suitable book of all orders drawn on the treasurer.

(7) To furnish at the expense of the district for the use of each teacher a school reg. ister in the form prescribed by the state superintendent, to procure the same to be returned to him at the expiration of the teacher's employment and to preserve the same with the records and papers of the district.

(8) To notify any person of his election or appointment to a district office within five days thereafter, to furnish any teacher a copy of the contract made with him by the board and to perform any other duties imposed upon him by law. [R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 6, 25, 32, 33; 1863 c. 62 s. 2, 3; 1863 c. 155 s. 39, 40, 41, 45, 59; 1866 c. 111 s. 2; 1867 C. 111 s. 5; R. S. 1878 s. 446; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 446; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 446]

Orders in favor of teachers. SECTION 446a. No order shall be drawn, countersigned or paid which is in favor of any person who has taught school in said district when not holding a certificate of qualification therefor as provided by law, nor for the payment of which the money has not been appropriated according to law, and no order shall be drawn for any money received from the school fund income for any other purpose than payment of teachers' wages. [R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 6, 25, 32, 33; 1863 c. 62 s. 2, 3; 1863 C. 155 s. 39, 40, 41, 45,59; 1866 c. 111 s. 2; 1867 c. 111 s. 5; R. S. 1878 s. 446; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 446 ; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 446 a]

WHAT SHALL BE TAUGHT.

Studies; kindergartens. SECTION 447. Or’hography, orthoepy, reading, writing, English grammar and composition, geography, arithmetic, elements of agriculture, history and civil government of the United States and of the state of Wisconsin, and such other branches as the board may determine, shall be taught in every district school. All instruction shall be in the English language, except that the district board or the board of education may, in their discretion, cause any foreign language to be taught by a com

petent teacher to such pupils as desire it, not to exceed one hour each day. District boards, town boards of school directors and boards of education may provide for kindergartens, for instruction and training of primary grades, in separate departments or otherwise. [1863 c. 155 s. 55; 1866 c. 111 s. 6; 1869 c. 50 s. 1; 1871 c. 14 s. 1; R. S. 1878 8. 447; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 447; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 447; 1905 c. 158 s. 1; Supl. 1906 s. 447; 1907 c. 118, 200; 1911 c. 409]

Physiology and hygiene. SECTION 447a. Provision shall be made by the proper local school authorities for instructing all pupils in all schools supported by public money or under state control, in physiology and hygiene with special reference to the effects of stimulants and narcotics upon the human system. The textbooks used in giving such instruction shall have the joint approval of the state superintendent and the state board of health. (1885 C. 327; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 447a; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 447a)

Public schools; instruction in prevention of accidents. SECTION 447g. 1. It shall be the duty of each teacher in a public school in the state of Wisconsin to devote not less than thirty minutes in each month during which such school is in session to instructing the pupils thereof as to ways and means of preventing accidents.

2. The state superintendent of public instruction shall prepare and publish at the expense of the state a book conveniently arranged in chapters or lessons for the purpose of the instruction provided in this section and shall furnish a copy thereof to each teacher required to give such instruction.

3. The members of the boards of education, school directors, trustees, or other bodies or persons having control of the schools of a township, village or city, shall cause a copy of this section to be printed in the manual or handbook prepared for the guidance of teachers, where such manual is in use. [1913 c. 218]

TEACHERS.

Certificates. SECTION 448. If any person desires to teach in any of the common schools he shall procure a certificate from the proper examining officer, and no certificate shall have force except in the district of the officer by whom issued. [1854 c. 80 s. 54; R. S. 1858 c. 23 s. 56; 1862 c. 176 s. 1,7; 1863 c. 155 s. 100, 107; R. S. 1878 s. 448; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 448; 1897 C. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 448]

Grades of; who not to have. SECTION 449. There shall be three grades of teachers' certificates, to be known as first, second and third. Each certificate shall show the branches in which the holder has been examined and his relative attainments in each branch. No person known to the examining officer to be of immoral character, deficient in learning or ability to teach or unable to write and speak the English language with facility and correctness shall receive a certificate. [1863 c. 155 s. 101, 102; 1866 c. 111 s. 8; 1868 c. 108 s. 4; 1871 c. 101 s. 2; R. S. 1878 s. 449; 1887 c. 79; Ann. Stats. 1889 s. 449; 1897 c. 354; Stats. 1898 s. 449]

SECTION 450. [Repealed by 1913 c. 129]

Life of certificates; extension. SECTION 450a. 1. It shall not be lawful for any county superintendent to indorse a certificate issued by any other county superintendent, nor to extend the life of any certificate beyond the limits fixed by law. The papers written in any examination shall not be used as the basis for issuing a second certificate, which shall have the effect of extending the life of the certificate first issued thereon, except as hereinafter provided. But in any examination for a second certificate, when the applicant has taught successfully in the superintendent district for one school year on a certificate previously issued by him, the superintendent may, in his discretion, accept standings on papers written by the applicant in the preceding examination not to exceed five in number, in lieu of a re-examination in the subjects for which standings are so accepted.

2. The superintendent may allow any person while holding an unexpired certificate of the third grade, or a county training school certificate to write on any two or more of the additional branches demanded for a certificate of the second grade. If the applicant is then successful in securing the required standing in any two of said second grade branches, the superintendent shall issue to said applicant a new third grade certificate based upon the previous examination or upon the county training school certificate good for one year, and if on or before the expiration of such new third grade certificate, the applicant completes the second grade examination, the superintendent may grant him a certificate of the second grade without limitation. If at any time during the life of the second grade certificate, any applicant shall successfully write in the additional branches demanded for a first grade certificate, the superintendent may issue such first grade certificate without limitation. [1901 c. 439 s. 2; Supl. 1906 s. 450a; 1907 c. 118, 445]

Preservation of examination papers. SECTION 4506. It shall be the duty of every county superintendent to preserve on file in his office during the life of every certificate

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