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paring herself for the throne she was so soon destined to far as possible the rigours of war. The civilised world is grace.

indebted to Isabella for the first institution of military surgeons Many proposals of marriage were now made to Isabella. to follow the army. These she paid out of her own rerenues ; Louis XI. interceded for his brother. The King of Portugal and had always six well-furnished tents for the sick and wounded, sued on his own account; and the Duke of Clarence (he who which were called the Queen's Hospital. was afterwards drowned in a butt of malmsey) was offered by his Isabella, in December of 1485, gave birth to the infanta brother, Edward IV. But the successful aspirant was Don Catherine of Arragon, afterwards the wife of Henry the Eighth Ferdinand, son of the King of Arragon. The opposition of of England. Early in the following spring she joined the camp, Henry to this match led the Archbishop of Toledo to remove and was surrounded by a most splendid array of feudal chieftains Isabella to Valladolid, where the young couple were privately of Castile, and cavaliers of England, France, and Germany, who married ; she being then in her twentieth year, and Ferdinand a had there assembled, anxious to distinguish themselves in the few months younger. In the meantime, the civil war raged till sight of a beautiful and gracious queen. She was also surrounded the latter end of the year 1474, when peace was in a great mea. by many ladies of noble birth and exceeding beauty, the mothers, sure restored by the death of Henry, and Ferdinand and Isabella | daughters, or sisters of the brave men engaged in the war. The were proclaimed King and Queen of Castile. An ineffectual grand Cardinal Mendoza, who was, during her life, her chief attempt was made on behalf of Joanna by her uncle, the King of minister and adviser, was also at her side; he is described as Portugal ; but in the campaign of 1476, Ferdinand completely “a man of clear understanding, eloquent, judicious, and of great defeated the Portuguese army, and reduced the refractory Casti. quickness and capacity in business, simple yet nice in his appalian nobles to submission. Thus Isabella was without a compe- rel, lofty and venerable in his deportment." titor, and was acknowledged Queen of Castile and Leon ;-and In the spring of the year 1486, amid this proud assemblage three years afterwards, by the death of his father, Ferdinand of nobles, warriors, and high-born dames, Columbus first succeeded to the throne of Arragon. In the same year was born appeared as a suitor at the court of Castile. In the midst of the their second daughter, the infanta Joanna, afterwards the mother hurry and tumult of martial preparation, and all the vicissitudes of Charles the Fifth. It is remarkable that, when young, there was and exigencies of a tremendous and expensive war, we can hardly only a remote prospect of either Ferdinand or Isabella reaching a wonder if his magnificent but (as they then appeared) extrava. throne, and yet they were the means by which the union of the gant speculations, should at first meet with little attention or Spanish kingdom into one grand monarchy was accomplished. encouragement. His frequent repulses by those about the The young king and queen devoted their attention to the inter

queen are well known, and it was not until the conclusion of nal affairs of their joint kingdoms; the sovereignty was more the war that Isabella gave her serious attention to his proposals. firmly established; the power of the nobility confined; the laws Her enthusiasm, however, was at length kindled. “It shall be were simplified ; justice more equitably administered; the usur- so," she exclaimed ;“ I will undertake the enterprise for my own pations of the papal see defeated; and the interests of trade pro- kingdom of Castile, and will pledge my jewels for the necessary moted and commerce extended.

sum.” “This,” says the historian of Columbus,“ The war of Granada was the first great event in the reign of proudest moment in the life of Isabella ; it stamped her renown the two sovereigns. Isabella, with deep-seated religious preju. for ever, as the patroness of the discovery of the New World." dices, was but too easily induced to be an instigator and adviser The exterminating war was brought to a close by the surrenin this terrible contest. “ It was bigotry on the one side, der of Granada, into which city Ferdinand and Isabella made opposed to fanaticism on the other. The Spaniards fought for their triumphant entry on the Gth of January, 1492. Thus terhonour, dominion, and the interests of the church ; the Moors minated the dominion of the Moors in Spain, which had endured fought for their homes and hearths, their faith, their country, for nearly eight centuries. their very existence as a nation."

During the siege of Granada, Isabella well-nigh lost her life The Moorish power in Spain had long been on the decline, and by an accidental conflagration of her camp. No lives were lost, the descendants of the Mohammedan conquerors were now cir- but the whole of the queen's wardrobe and an immense quantity cumscribed within the boundaries of Granada, which extended 180 of arms and treasures were destroyed. The winter coming on, miles along the southern shores of Spain, and between the moun- the Moors entertained the hope that the siege would be aban. tains and the sea its breadth was about seventy miles. It was doned. Their astonishment was great when they saw a noble populous, rich in agriculture and commerce ; its inhabitants and regular city rise from the ruins of the camp. It owed its wealthy, warlike, industrious, and polished. Granada, the royal existence to the piety of Isabella, who built it as a memorial for city, stood in the centre of the kingdom on two lofty hills, the her deliverance, and named it La Santa Fé. one crowned by the splendid palace of the Alhambra, the other In April following the fall of Granada (1492), six years after by the citadel of Alcazaba. Around this noble city stretched the his first disclosing his views, the compact was signed with Vega, or plain of Granada, which resembled one vast and Columbus, and in the following August he set sail from Palos. beautiful garden. The patriotism of its inhabitants had in Next to that moment in which Isabella declared herself the sole it something romantic and tender. The first step of Ferdinand patroness of Columbus, and undertook the voyage of discovery and Isabella was to demand by an ambassador the tribute due, to for “her own kingdom of Castile," the most memorable epoch which Aben Hassan haughtily replied, “Tell your master, that of her life was his return from the New World, when she rethe kings of Granada who were used to pay tribute in money to ceived him in state at Barcelona ; and when, laying at her feet the Castilian crown are dead. Our mint at present coins nothing the productions of those unknown lands, he gave her a detailed but blades of cimiters and heads of lances."

narrative of his wonderful voyage. Columbus's fourth voyage, The war was continued with little intermission for ten years. in 1502, was under Isabella's immediate patronage and protection. Isabella was present at every succeeding campaign, animating When the wars were over that had followed her accession, her generals, providing for the support of her armies, comforting Isabella devoted herself to the cultivation of literature and them under their reverses, and by her active humanity, and her science. Her example inspired the nobility with a taste for benevolent sympathy, extended to friend and foe, softening as letters, and many of the most dignified became public instructors

was the own sex.

means.

in the universities. The enthusiasm was no less strong in her

ORIGIN OF THE TERMS WHIG AND TORY. Isabella's Latin preceptor was a lady; the Lady

Tory, a cant term from an Irish word, signifying a savage ; the name Doña Lucia de Medrano lectured on the Latin classics in the

of a party opposed to that of a whig. University of Salamanca ; and Dona Francisca de Lebrija filled Whig, whey; the name of a party in politics. the chair of rhetoric with applause at Alcala.

IV alker's Dictionary. The Italian war was one of the next important events under

“The word Tory is Irish, and was first made use of there in the reign of Isabella ; the success of which may be mainly attri- kind of robber, who being listed in neither army, preyed in

the time of Queen Elizabeth's wars in Ireland. It signified a buted to the great military talents of that extraordinary man, general upon the country, without distinction of English or Gonsalvo de Cordova, known in history as well as in romance, Spaniard. In the Irish massacre, anno 1641, you had them by the name of the Great Captain. He was a general of great in great numbers, assisting in everything that was bloody and prudence, coolness, and steadiness of purpose. But of the villanous, and particularly when humanity prevailed upon some celebrated men who gave lustre to the reign of Ferdinand and of the papists to preserve protestant relations. There were such Isabella, none was more eminent than Cardinal Ximenes. Of as chose to butcher brothers and sisters, fathers and mothers, this remarkable man Mr. Prescott observes, “ His character was

the dearest friends, and nearest relations; these were called of that stern and lofty cast, which seems to rise above the ordi- tories. In England, about the year 1680, a party of men nary wants and weaknesses of humanity. His genius of the appeared among us, who, though pretended protestants, yet

applied themselves to the ruin and destruction of their country. severest order, like Dante's, or Michael Angelo's, in the regions They began with ridiculing the popish plot, and encouraging the of fancy, impresses us with ideas of power that excite admiration papists to revive it. They pursued their designs in banishing akin to terror. His enterprises were of the boldest character, the Duke of Monmouth, and calling home the Duke of York, his execution of them equally bold. He disdained to woo for- then in abhorring, petitioning, and opposing the bill of exclusion ; tune by any of those soft and pliant arts, which are too often in giving up charters and the liberties of their country to the the most effectual. He pursued his ends by the most direct arbitrary will of their prince ; then in murthering patriots, per

In this way he frequently multiplied difficulties ; but secuting dissenters, and at last in setting up a popish prince on difficulties seemed to have a charm for him, by the opportunity pretence of hereditary right, and tyranny on pretence of passive

obedience. These men, for their criminal preying upon their they afforded of displaying the energies of his soul.” The latter years of Isabella's life were embittered by a series selves so like the Irish thieves and murtherers aforesaid, that

country, and their cruel bloody disposition, began to show them. of domestic griefs that pressed heavily upon her. Her family they quickly got the name of tories.

Their real godfather was dropped fast into the grave. In 1496, her mother died in her Titus Oates, and the occasion of his giving them the name is arms; and her death was but the forerunner of the almost total as follows:-the author of this happened to be present. There extinction of her race. Deep melancholy threw her into a rapid was a meeting of some honest people in the City, upon the decline, of which she died at Medina del Campo on the 25th of occasion of the discovery of some attempt to stifle the evidence Nov. 1505, in the 54th year of her age, and 30th of her reign.

of the witnesses, and tampering with Bedloe and Stephen Dug. Mr. Prescott observes : -“ Ferdinand's connection with

dale. Among the discourse, Mr. Bedloe said he had letters

from Ireland, that there were some tories to be brought over Isabella, while it reflected infinite glory on his reign, suggests a hither, who were privately to murder Dr. Oates, and the said contrast most unfavourable to his character. Hers was all | Bedloe. The doctor, whose zeal was very hot, could never

goanimity, disinterestedness, and deep devotion to the inter- | hear any man after this talk against the plot, or against the ests of her people. His was the spirit of egotism. The circle witnesses, but he thought he was one of these tories, and called

almost every man a tory that opposed him in discourse ; till at of his views might be more or less expanded, but self was the last the word tory became popular, and it stuck so closely to the steady unchangeable centre. Her heart beat with the generous party in all their bloody proceedings, that they had no way to sympathies of friendship, and the purest constancy to the first, get it off, so at last they owned it, just as they do now the name the only object of her love. He proved himself unworthy of the

of highfiyer.

"As to the word Whig, it is Scots. The use of it began admirable woman with whom his destinies were united, by in- there when the western men, called Cameronians, took arms dulging in those vicious gallantries too generally sanctioned by frequently for their religion. Whig was a word used in most the age. Ferdinand, in fine, a shrewd and politic prince, .sur

parts for a kind of liquor the western Highlandmen used to passing,' as a French writer, not his friend, has remarked, all drink, whose composition. I do not remember *, and so became

common to the people that drank it. It afterwards became the statesmen of his time in the science of the cabinet, may be a denomination to the poor harassed people of that part of the taken as the representative of the peculiar genius of the age ; country, who being unmercifully persecuted by the government while Isabella, discarding all the petty artifices of state policy, against all law and justice, thought they had a civil right to their

religious liberties, and therefore frequently resisted the arbitrary and pursuing the noblest ends by the noblest means, stands far power of their princes. These men, tired with innumerable oppresabove her age.'

sions, ravishings, murders, and plunderings, took up arms about It has been said by Mrs. Jamieson, that Isabella had all the the year 1681, being the famous insurrection at Bothwell-bridge. talents, strength of mind, and the royal pride of Queen Eliza- The Duke of Monmouth, then in favour, was sent against them beth, without her barshness, her despotism, and her arrogance; by King Charles, and defeated them. At his return, instead of and she possessed the personal graces, the gentleness, and femi

thanks for the good service, he found himself ill-treated for nine accomplishments of Mary Stuart, without her weakness. Charles, with an oath, that the duke had been so civil to the

using them too mercifully ; and Duke Lauderdale told King Her virtues were truly her own ; her faults and errors were whigs, because he was a whig himself in his heart. This made the result of external circumstances, and belonged to the times it a court word; and in a little while all the friends and foland the situation in which she was placed. The love of her lowers of the Duke began to be called whigs ; and they, as the people bestowed upon her the simple but beautiful designation, other party did by the word tory, took it freely enough to " Isabella de la paz y bontad”—Isabella of peace and good themselves.”De Foe, Review, vol. vii. p. 296-7. ness. The establishment of the Inquisition, and the expulsion

It was the refuse, or what was called the whig of the milk, which the of the Jews, events which her religious zeal led her to sanction poorest people in Scotland used to carry to market, their wretchedness and promote, are spots upon her fame; and left erils which are

not allowing them to give it to their cattle.--North's Examen. A tory felt in Spain to this day. To these important events we shall writer of that time detines it to be sour milk, and he says, “ It was for

merly appropriated to what is stiil more sour, a Scotch presbyterian!"have occasion to advert at a future period.

Caveat against the IPhiys, part i. p. 73.

BY MRS. M. GRIFFITH.

she ;

one.

THE OLD VALENTINE.

and he cast a second glance—a glance of surprise at the emotion.

Mrs. Brooks apologised for not returning the keys in time to " You have been a long time reading that letter,” said Mrs. day would do as well ; "and at any rate," said she, "Sophia,

let the ladies see the valentine, but she remarked that another Brooks to her niece; “I hope it is an interesting one." "It is not a letter, dear' aunt, it is a valentine, and I have you can let Mr. Day see it. He came in on purpose ; I met him

in the street, and asked him to come in and see it.” been trying to guess who sent it.” “Why, who should it be but young Fleming? he did nothing Day has no desire-no_"

“I suspect-I imagine—" stammered Sophia, “ that Mr. but talk of valentines all last week.” "And that makes me think it did not come from him ; who tainly can have no wish to do so.

If you are averse to my seeing it,” said Mr. Day, “ I cerelse can it be?"

But who is the happy valen

tine this year, my dear Sophia ?" A ring at the door sent the valentine into the writing-desk ;

“That is more than she can tell," said Mrs. Brooks, “ for I the door opened, and in came two bright, laughing girls.

" Oh, Sophia,” exclaimed Ellen Douglas, a young girl, just heard her wondering who it could be." entering life-or evening parties“ look here, see what a sweet

Mr. Day smiled and then looked queer; for he saw that Sophia

was unusually agitated. valentine, and cousin Anna has three, only think of that! Did

“ I presume that these valentines have some charm in them you get one ?

Ah, I can tell by your blush that there is a --something very pleasant,” said he, “ for I have heard of them valentine in that desk.” “Let me see yours first, and then I will tell you,” said Sophia; he turned his eye from Sophia as he mentioned the young man's

even in my counting-house. Ralph Fleming this morning,” and " three have you, Anna ? where are they? here are two only, name, “ told me that he had sent at least half-a-dozen to difgive me that one first, it is so prettily cut.

ferent ladies." Sophia opened it eagerly, and could not help smiling, for it was one that she had written herself for Ralph Fleming-she the one she had received herself, there was no mistaking the

Sophia smiled, for well she knew who wrote them all. As to opened the other, it was hers, likewise, and lo! Ellen's valentine author, there was no doubting that the hand-writing was Mr. was from the same pen. They are all beautifully cut and beautifully painted,” said Day's; and yet he looked so easy, so unconscious—he was so " the verses are like all these kind of verses, full of love and

little given to mysteries—that she could not understand it. all that, but we do not care for the rhyme nor for the design, you valentines to several other ladies had not produced any unplea

Mr. Day was more at ease when he found that the sending know, it is the pleasant feeling that these little bits of paper give We think of the gentleman—the one gentleman-hey, who else, thought he, did she suppose would send her a valen

sant feeling. If she did not think it was sent by Ralph Fleming, Ellen ? --- who would so naturally send a valentine. Apna, dear, tine? A Colonel Gardiner came across his mind, and it was now why did you not bring the other valentine? I have more curiosity about that one than either of these."

his turn to blush and look embarrassed. * Tell her, Anna, tell her all about it," said Ellen, looking

That Colonel Gardiner is a sorry fellow," said he, turning concerned, for poor Anna had a cloud over her fine face.

to Mrs. Brooks, “his servant has just sued him for a year's There is nothing to tell, Sophia, excepting that uncle came

wages. I met a gentleman yesterday who was evgaged to dine into the room with the valentines himself, and after allowing us

with him, but on hearing of this suit, he sent an apology.” to read them, he begged that he might look at the handwriting.

“I honour the man who has courage to do a thing like that," Like a simpleton 1 handed him these two very eagerly, and kept said Sophia—and Mr. Day turned quickly towards her.“ It is back the third, but he insisted on seeing that too, and so,

not Colonel Gardiner then," thought he. There were but three although I had scarcely read it, I was forced to give it up. Only other gentlemen intimate in the house, Mr. Jones, brother to think of his seeing such a valentine as that"

Anna Jones, the lady who had just left them, Mr. Western, and Mrs. Brooks, who had left the room when the girls entered,

a Mr. Marshall. It was Mr. Western who had sent an apology now came in to ask for Sophia's bunch of keys, as she had mis

to Colonel Gardiner, and the suspicion would have rested on laid her own.

him, only that he was thought to be an admirer of Anna Jones “ Let her open the desk first,” said Ellen Douglas,

- he was divided between Mr. Marshall and Mr. Jones. to see her valentine.”

“What ails you both this morning ?” said Mrs. Brooks, "you But Mrs. Brooks was in haste; she promised, however, to are stammering and hesitating, and looking as if you had been send the keys back immediately, and the girls were compelled doing something wrong: perhaps after all, Mr. Day, you sent to wait. Ten minutes---fifteen elapsed, and they chatted on, the valentine yourself." but no keys came ; Sophia went after them, and came back with " I send a valentine !-I do a silly thing like that! no, madam," the intelligence that her aunt had gone out, and it was presumed said he, raising his voice so as to make Sophia start, “never. had taken the keys with her, for they were not to be found. But I beg your pardon for speaking so earnestly, I never exAfter wondering and wondering over and over again who could pected that a foolish valentine could have the power of making have sent the valentines, they departed, vexed that they could me behave like a boy. If Sophia would but let me see it, I not get a peep at the one so provokingly locked up in the desk. might relieve her curiosity ; perhaps the handwriting is known

Sophia breathed freely as her two friends left the room : not to me-surely, my dear girl, unless it contains an offer of marfor worlds would she have shown the precious valentine, for the riage, there can be no impropriety in showing it to a man almost handwriting was well-known to both of the girls. How she old enough to be your father.” blessed her aunt for getting her off so handsomely about the Sophia had shown so much embarrassment and so much had keys ; although she thought it must have been accidental, for been said about the foolish paper that she felt extremely awkward, how could it be imagined that there would be any unwillingness and could not bring herself to open the desk. No, no," said on her part to let the paper be seen?

she, after making one or two attempts, “not now, I will just The gentleman suspected of having sent the valentine, was wait till I see Ralph Fleming—perhaps he can throw some light the last person that any gay, fashionable young lady would care

on it." to receive one from. He was Mrs. Brooks's “man of business," “Well, if he is further in your confidence than I am—but he for so she termed him, although he transacted all her offices is younger

andgratuitously. He was a Mr. Samuel Day, no name certainly for “Oh, no, no, do not say that. You are entitled to all my a romance ; and what was worse, he had no romance in his confidence, but the person I first suspected of having sent the

How so refined, accomplished, and beautiful a girl as paper is certainly not the one, and Mr. Fleming-perbaps he Sophia Lee could admire, nay love, a man with such an unpre- imitated the handwriting—at any rate I will examine it again.” possessing name, and so little brilliancy of character, it is impos- “Well, see him then, dear young lady, I am content now sible to conjecture. If he had won her affections by flattery, or that it does not come from Colonel Gardiner or Mr. Fleming. by any of the numerous arts in the power of a designing man, I saw by your countenance that you suspect neither of them.” it would not have been surprising ; but Mr. Day practised none “You saw by my countenance ?-did you not turn your face of these ; he had not the most remote thought of loving Sophia from mine when you mentioned their names ? so how could you Lee, loveable as she was ; nor did he dream that she ever could see? Be assured that I should not have felt the embarrassment think of him as a lover.

that I now feel, if either of these persons had sent me a hundred He walked into the parlour with Mrs. Brooks, just as the valentines." young ladies left it. Sophia blushed deeply as her eye met his, “ In the name of goodness, who then did you suspect ? " said

we want

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nature.

Mr. Day, looking more surprised than he had ever done in know, after his saying so positively that he did not write it, or his life.

send it." Before Sophia could answer, Mr. Fleming came in, and Mr. “Well, show it to him to-day, for, I will answer for it, that Day walked abruptly away,

he will be here presently; it is one o'clock, and he, generally Sophia unlocked the desk, took out the valentine, and laying contrives to be here early. By the way, Mr. Marshall left his it on the table said, " Mr. Fleming, you sent this to me. You card here yesterday whilst you were out ; here it is. P. P. C. have imitated Mr. Day's handwriting."

Ah! he is going to England. What a fine-looking man he is, The young man opened it. “I assure you, Miss Lee,” said Sophia ; do you know that I think he would fall in love with be," that I never wrote that valentine."

you, if he dared ?" “ Upon your word ? "

"I am glad then that he does not dare, for I assure you, my "Upon my word--but I know who did write it; and surely if dear aunt, that I should not fall in love with him." you showed it to Mr. Day he must have owned it.”

“ Well, well, time enough, dear, time enough. I hope to keep " It is a mistake, indeed it is a mistake. Mr. Day says he you with me several years yet. How to part with you at last, I never wrote a valentine in his life."

cannot tell." "Well, if that is not too good a joke-why I saw him write “Oh, as to that, how often, dearest aunt, have I told you that it-I saw him write this very paper, I tell you. Nay, you I never would be separated from you? Whoever marries me need not shake your head, Mrs. Brooks; I tell you, as an must marry you, and old Mrs. Tate, and Caty, and Peter, and honest man, that Mr. Day wrote it, and I saw him do it. Has little Jemmy, and all." he seen it?"

Mrs. Brooks laughed and said, that unless her man of busi“No, I could not bring myself to show it to him ; indeed, ness, Mr. Day, would take pity on her, she feared that no one Mr. Fleming, there is some mystery about this-pray, when did else would. She did not see the colour fly into Sophia's face he write it? it must have been lately, for here is 1837, and yet as she made this remark ; but went on talking about it, until -stay-I declare there has been an erasure, for I see the top the man of business himself came into the room. Poor Sophia part of a 6 or 5 above the 7, and look here, too, Gift is in paler was afraid that her aunt would repeat her observations, but the ink: a word has been scratched out there. It never struck me old lady, luckily, had forgotten to order a particular dish for the before, but the paper is not as white as the envelope. What birth-day dinner, and she hurried out to attend to it. can all this mean? I am more perplexed than ever. Mr. Fle

Mr. Day walked quietly up to Sophia and took her hand, Mr. ming, you could tell me all about this, if you had a mind."

Marshall's card was still in it, and in putting it on the table, the " I can say nothing more than what I have said.—Mr. Day name caught his eye. wrote those verses, and I saw him write them."

“ Marshall-then it is this Mr. Marshall that sent you the “Did he compose them too? Come, if you certify to his , valentine? I know his writing, Sophia-may I have a peep at handwriting, you can say who made the rhymes."

this wonderful paper to-day?' "Indeed, Miss Lee, that does not follow. But, instead of “Why, your head runs strangely on this valentine, Mr. Day talking pleasantly about these little papers, you are looking cross, -you that never cared for such trifles; some time or other Í and very like wishing for a quarrel with me, so to prevent it I shall show it to you, but not to-day. Have you forgotten that will just go over and see how the sweet Douglas looks after her this is my birth-day?" valentine."

Forgotten it? no, indeed; when did I ever forget it? but The young man went off gaily, without throwing any further there is a formality now that we did without a few years ago. light on the subject. The letters of the writing were very small, Then you used to fly to me, and—" and she had seen nothing like it from any other pen. There “Oh, yes, I remember, but you forget that I am a sober, quiet was a particular turn to certain letters, which always distin. girl of nineteen, and expect something far better than sugarguished Mr. Day's from all others; but he had said so posi- plums. You have a box there, and I am dying with curiosity to tively, so emphatically, that he had never written a valentine, see what is in it." and Mr. Fleming had so positively asserted that he did write it, “ No, Sophia, you are but little for that box. You are not that she was very much perplexed. Her aunt could not relieve like yourself to-day, nor were you like yourself yesterday ; I was ber difficulties ; for, when Sophia repeated all that Fleming had so unhappy about it that I staid by myself all the evening, and said, Mrs. Brooks was of opinion that Mr. Day wrote the verses; yet I was half-a-dozen times on the point of coming here. but when she was reminded that Mr. Day had denied it, then When I finally made up my mind to come, I looked at my watch she was quite as sure that he did not write them.

and found it was too late.' Again and again Sophia examined the handwriting, and her

“I am sorry to be the cause of uneasiness to you,” said aunt brought her a little account book to compare it with the Sophia ; " but if you say nothing more about that foolish valenvalentine.

Mr. Day kept all her accounts with scrupulous tine, I shall forget it myself. Come, pray let me see what is in exactness, transferring them from his large books to her little that box ?” miniature one, that she might at any moment, at a glance, see “Only a pretty set of ornaments for you, my dear Sophia. how her affairs stood. There was not the slightest difference Here is a chain, let me put it on your neck; it is very becoming, that either of them could perceive : indeed, the result of this indeed, and how do you like this watch, and these rings ? close inspection was, that Mr. Day, and he alone, had written “Oh beautiful, most beautiful! and these ear-rings and this the valentine.

aigrette ; every thing is indeed too beautiful to be praised. Oh The evening brought neither a solution nor Mr. Day; and his how costly they are-ought you to have thrown away so large a absence was painfully felt by Sophia, for she feared that he was sum on one so little able to-_offended. He generally spent his evenings with them ; or, if “ The time, I perceive, is not far off, my dear Sophia, when he was engaged elsewhere, he always called in for a few minutes, you will require a few ornaments of this kind. I am determined either before he went or after he returned. To-morrow was her to be beforehand with your lover-for lovers generally make birth-day, and hitherto he had always called, especially the their betrothed a present, you know. The writer of that valennight before, to find out what little trinket or knick-knackery tine-nay, Sophia, hear me out--if it be this Mr. Marshall, is she most wanted, that he might bring it to her the next day; fully able to cover your head with diamonds. He is possessor of for he was one of those simple-minded men who liked to do that immense wealth; but rich as he is, you shall not go portionless." which would give the most pleasure. He thought, very justly,

“Mr. Day, you mistake entirely. Look at the card, you see that if he consulted his own taste or judgment, he might not that Mr. Marshall is soon to sail for England. I saw him this choose that which would be agreeable to others; but he did not morning after breakfast--and" make his appearance, and Sophia went to her chamber with very “ And what, Sophia ?” miserable feelings. She wished there had never been such things “Why, I intended to keep the thing from your knowledge, as

I did from my aunt—" "I cannot think what kept our man of business' from us “You are then engaged to him," said Mr. Day, laying down last evening," said Mrs. Brooks, he surely will be here to-day; the box, and walking

to the window to hide his emotion. Good he has never missed coming to dine with us on your birth-day, Heavens !” said he to himself, “why does this so painfully affect

me? ought I not to rejoice that she can give her affections to 5. It appeared to me, aunt, that he was a little hurt because one so worthy ?I did not show him the valentine, and I could not do it, you By a strong effort he recovered himself sufficiently to return

as valentines.

Sophia."

to his seat near Sophia. He took her hand and gently raised it Poor Mr. Day! love made him as loquacious as it does those to his lips : “Forgive me, my dear girl," said he, “ I have been who have lived upon the thoughts of it all their life. Mrs. for so many years accustomed to watch over you, and to care for Brooks's “man of business" was like all other men, and Sophia, all your vants and pleasures, that it goes near breaking my the happiest of the happy, was thinking how well love-speeches heart, stout as you say it is, at the thought of being nothing became him. He was considered by her young friends to be more in future to you than a common acquaintance - for a friend plain-looking, but in her eyes at this moment, he was positively you will not then need. You have not known the gentleman handsome. long ; but I have, and he is most worthy of you. I presume “ I was not many minutes writing what I then thought a very when he returns from Europe-foolish fellow ! loving you as he foolish thing," continued he; " and to tell you the truth, I must love you, why does he leave you behind ? "

wrote mechanically, without considering the import of the words "Oh, Mr. Day, what an error you are in! Now hear me: I at all. I only recollect thinking it a very silly thing. that a tell you truly that I refused Mr. Marshall, that he is not the one man of business, as Mrs. Brooks always calls me, and which who wrote the valentine, and I tell you as truly that I will never I am, should have engaged in writing love-verses. Ah ! if I marry any other man than the one who did write it."

could have foreseen" “Tell me then, dear Sophia, is he worthy of you ? who can “Well,” said Mrs. Brooks, on seeing Mr. Day with his arms it be ? and why am I, the one most interested in your happi- around Sophia's waist, looking fondly in her face, "you have ness, to be kept in ignorance? You are in tears. Fear not," made up, I see ; why, we were all gloomy enough when I left the said he, as he drew her gently to him, “ fear not, my dear girl, room; have yo'ı found out who wrote the valentine ?". tell me all; if the want of fortune on his part be the obstacle, Yes, my dear madam,” said he," and as Sophia has deter. provided he deserves you in other respects, that shall be no mined to marry the one who wrote it, I have given my consent, hinderance, for are you not my sole leir ? Most tenderly and and I hope you will give yours.devotedly have I loved you, my dear Sophia, from your child. “Oh, my dear, dear aunt,” said Sophia, throwing her arms hood to this hour, but never till this moment did I know it around her neck, “ Mr. Day wrote it himself; you shall hear all would be so bitter a pang to part with you-to give you to about it.'' another. But you may be convinced of the sincerity of my “But you promised to marry the writer, he says, is it true? affection by the great sacrifice I make in thus giving you up- and is it my man of business' all the while that gave us such and must l-must I indeed part with you, just as I have dis. disturbance about an old valentine? Ah, Sophia, how often covered that you are so necessary to my happiness ?-am I to in my heart have I wished for this, but did not dare to speak live in solitary wretchedness, without hearing that sweet voice ? my mind." --without-oh, Sophia, dear girl, forgive me-forget what I Sophia has spoken her mind,” said Mr. Day; "God bless have said, and believe me only your friend. Alas! that one so

her !" unsuited to you in years, should dare to love you as I do-as I must always love."

THE KREMLIN. Sophia wept, to be sure, but they were tears of joy. She

I had thought of the Kremlin as the rude and barbarous raised her head at length, but he begged her not to speak, not palace of the Czars ; but I found it one of the most extraordinary, to distress herself further, as he would wait till she were more beautiful, and magnificent objects I ever beheld. I rambled composed, before he asked who the gentleman was. She went to the writing-desk and took out the valentine; but when she put prehend it all. Its commanding situation on the banks of the

over it several times with admiration, without attempting to comit in his hand he shook his head and sighed.

Moskwa river ; its high and venerable walls ; its numerous Not now, Sophia, not now," said he," I only want the battlements, towers, and steeples ; its magnificent and gorgeous name; as to the verses, the handwriting, what is that to me now?" | palaces ; its cathedrals, churches, monasteries, and belfries, with

Everything to you,” said Sophia, casting down her eyes, their gilded, coppered, and tin-plated domes ; its mixture of “it is everything to you, if you really and truly love me as barbarism and decay, magnificence and ruins ; its strong conyou say.”

trast of architecture, including the Tartarian, Hindoo, and “If I really love you, Sophia !--can he who wrote this paper Gothic; and, rising above all, the lofty tower of Ivan Veliki, ever hope to love you as tenderly as I do ?”

with its golden ball

, reflecting the sun with dazzling brilliancy, “ Yes, and I hope in time more tenderly-look at the writing, altogether exhibited a beauty, grandeur, and magnificence, will you ? pray do, and hear me again declare that I never have, strange and indescribable. never can love any other—that I never will marry any other The Kremlin is “the heart” and “sacred place" of Moscow, than the writer of this foolish valentine."

Once the old fortress of the Tartars, and now the centre of the With a desperate effort Mr. Day tore open the paper, but the modern city. It is nearly triangular in form, enclosed by a high colour flew to his temples, he was like one in a dream, he looked brick wall painted white, and nearly two miles in extent, and is at Sophia, her eyes were on the ground, but there was a smile in itself a city. It has five gates, at four of which there are visible; he pronounced her name in a low voice, and then high watch-towers. The fifth is “Our Saviour's,"or the Holy checked himself, as if not daring to realise the truth.

Gate, through whose awe-commanding portals no male, not “ Sophia,” said he, at length, "Sophia, may I believe in the even the emperor and autocrat of all the Russias, can pass, truth of the words you have just uttered ?'

except with uncovered head and bended body. Bareheaded I “Can I believe in all that you have just said ?" replied entered by this gate, and passed on to a noble esplanade, comSophia, “ when you so stoutly denied having written this valen- manding one of the most interesting views of Moscow, and tine ?

having in front the range of palaces of the czars. I shall not « Blessed paper !

said he, kissing it," most precious valen- attempt to describe these palaces. They are a combination of tine ! little did I dream that it was to be the means of so much every variety of taste, and every variety of architecture, Grecian, happiness."

Gothic, Italian, Tartar, and Hindoo, rude and fanciful, grotesque, “But when did you write it? ” said Sophia, trying to dis- gorgeous, magnificent, and beautiful. The churches, monasteries, engage herself from his arms, "tell me all about it, for I am still arsenals, museums, and public buildings, are erected with no in the dark-to whom did you send it, if not to me? "

attempt at regularity of design, and in the same wild confusion “I did not send it to any one, dearest; this was the way of of architecture. There are no regular streets, but three open it. About four years ago Ralph Fleming was very desirous of places, or squares, and abundance of room for carriages and going to the races, and I was very desirous that he should not. foot-passengers, with which in summer afternoons it is always He promised me at length, if I would do him a little favour he thronged. I entered the Cathedral of the Assumption, the would give up the races, for that year at least. The little favour most splendid church in Moscow. It was founded in 1325, and was simply to write this valentine. He wrote a large irregular rebuilt in 1472. It is loaded with gorgeous and extravagant hand, and this required the finest of writing and the smallest of ornaments. The icanastos, or screen, which divides the sanc. letters. It was you, my dear Sophia, that induced me to form tuary from the body of the church, is in many parts covered my letters in that way; in fact, I had your wishes, your plea- with plates of solid silver and gold, richly and finely wrought. sure in view, in everything that I undertook. How could I On the walls are painted the images of more than 2,300 saints, have been so blind to the nature of my affection for you ?— Dear some at full length, and some of a colossal size, and the whole little paper, but for you, I should never have known that I might interior seems illuminated with gold. From the centre of the aspire to be loved in return!"

roof is suspended a crown, of massive silver, with forty-eight

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