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PHOTOGENIC DRAWING.

LOVE ME, LOVE MY DOG. Since we last noticed this curious and interesting discovery, It was on a lovely morning in the spring-time of summer, that Mr. Tulbot has, with a liberality worthy of a philosopher and a

the coach stopped at the gate of a pleasant country-house, where lover of his country, communicated his whole process in a letter bewildering shrubberies, fair lawns, and brilliant Powers, were the to the Secretary of the Royal Society, and, by thus putting the traveller, a portmanteau, and, though last not least, a hat-box,

fit ornaments to the hospitable mansion they surrounded. A world in possession of the secret of the art, has taken the most

that sine-qua-non of a masculine wanderer, were deposited. A certain means of ensuring its perfection. The short and simple hat-box is a mysterious thing; what wonders are not, or may not process for preparing the sensitive paper, on which the drawing be, contained within that little insignificant case—especially if the is to be made, is as follows :- The paper, which should be of a hat-box comes from foreign climes ? But it was not so in this good firm quality and smooth surface, such as superfine writing. I instance, and it contained nothing contraband ;-nothing save a paper, which has been found to answer exceedingly well, is hat, which would have been the envy of Rotten-row, bad it dipped into a weak solution of common salt, and wiped dry, by virgin,-unpolluted by any zephyr. Its master rang at the gate

ever been exposed to that dusty atmosphere. But as yet it was which means the salt is uniformly distributed throughout its impatiently, and the lodge-keeper quickly answered ; but, ere the substance. A solution of nitrate of silver, six or eight times traveller set his feet within the gate, a surly, pugnacious animal of diluted with water, is then spread over one surface only, and the canine species flew at him, and did his best to make acquaintdried by the fire ; and the paper is fit for use. The paper thus

ance, an intimate and particularly disagreeable acquaintance, with prepared, although it is sufficiently sensitive for receiving the his legs. This rude and unlooked-for mode of salutation was impression of a strong light or a summer sun, is not adapted for promptly returned by a somewhat severe chastisement from the

cane carried by the traveller :—the dog ran away howling. The use in the camera obscura. To obtain this degree of sensibility, lodge-keeper looked aghast.—" Sir," said he, “Sir, do you know it is again dipped in a weak solution of salt, wiped dry, and again what you have done ?-you have beaten Solomon.”—“ Beateu washed with the solution of nitrate of silver, each succeeding him! 'of course I have,” replied the traveller ; “why do you operation gradually increasing the sensibility; and this is repeated suffer such an ill-conditioned brute about the place ? "_" Ah, until the necessary degree is obtained. If, however, it is repeated Sir, he is somewhat of a cur to be sure, but he is our young too often, the paper is apt to darken of itself, which shows that mistress's pet for all that; and no one here dares to beat him. the operation has been carried too far. “ The object,” says Mr. But allow me to conduct you to the house." So saying, the man Talbot,“ is to approach to the extreme of sensibility as ncar as took up the portmanteau and hat-box, and led the way. The possible, without reaching it; so that the substance may be in a stranger followed, but, sighing, said, Alas, my friend ! 'Love state ready to yield to the slightest extraneous force, such as the me, love my dog,' may be a true saying, but it augurs ill." feeble impact of the violet rays when much attenuated. Having, Julius Ormond found his friend Jefferson in his dressing-room, therefore, prepared a number of sheets of paper, with chemical sitting before a secretaire, and plunged in so deep a reverie that he proportions slightly different from one another, let a piece be cut did not at first perceive his entrance. He looks tolerably unfrom each, and, having been duly marked or numbered, let them happy for a bridegroom, thought Julius, but it is certainly a bold be placed side by side in a very weak diffused light for about a undertaking for a man to rush into matrimony, especially wben quarter of an hour; then if any one of them, as frequently one's mistress has such a pet as Solomon. “ How is it with you, happens, exhibits a marked advantage over its competitors, I my friend,” said he, approaching Jefferson, who started from a select the paper which bears the corresponding number to be reverie ; " when is the marriage-day?" placed in the camera obscura.”

“ I hardly know; three days hence, I believe," replied the There are two methods of fixing the drawings and destroying bewildered bridegroom. the sensibility of the paper as soon as the requisite impression “You believe ! you are an ardent lover. Come, come, there has been procured. The first is a weak solution of iodide of is something wrong here. Tell me what all this means." potassium, which, when washed over the prepared paper, forms Hush, hush,” said Jefferson, “ take care what you say; the an iodide of siiver, which is absolutely unalterable by sunshine. very walls have ears. Care is necessary in its use, for if it be too strong, it'attacks the ** There,” said Ormond, seating himself close to his friend, dark parts of the picture. It is therefore advisable to make trial

are literally téte-à-tête, open up your griefs.- Now of it before use.

begin.” The other mode is more simple and quite as efficacious, but it " Ah !” said Jefferson, heaving a deep sigh, " when I wrote to may excite surprise to find that insensibility is produced by one you to come down here to Mr. Anderson's, I was in an excess of of the very agents used to procure sensitiveness. It is nothing enthusiasm ; I beheld the future through a flattering medium, and more than to dip the picture into a strong solution of salt, wipe everything was couleur de rose." off the superfluous moisture, and dry it. Hence it appears that “And now you have seen the reverse of the medal?'' inquired the sensibility of the paper entirely depends upon the proportions Ormond. “I can guess at the evil. There is a deficiency in the between the salt and the nitrate of silver, and that when these are

portion?" varied the effect is no longer the same. “ When," continues Mr. “Quite the contrary. It is double what I expected.” Talbot, “ the picture thus washed with salt, and dried, is placed “ Then I suppose there is something objectionable in the conin the sun, the white parts colour themselves of a pale lilac tint, nexions of the family. A cousin has been hanged or sent to after which they become insensible. Numerous experiments Sydney at the expense of the public?'' have shown to me that the depth of this lilac tint varies according “ No such thing, the family is as respectable as any in the to the quantity of salt used relatively to the quantity of silver ; county.” but, by properly adjusting these, the images may, if desired, be “Well then, Miss Celestina owes her figure to her stay-maker? retained of an absolute whiteness. Those preserved by iodine I have hit the m rk at last.” are always of a very pale primrose yellow, which has the extra- " You are wider than ever. Her figure is as light and symale. ordinary and very remarkable property of turning to a full gaudy trical as a Grecian nymph, the votaress of Diana." yellow whenever it is exposed to the heat of a fire, and recovering " Then there is a lover in the case?" its former colour again when it is cold."

No such thing; I am quite positive she has never lored It does not appear that the process by which Mr. Talbot any one." obtains these effects is the same as that of M. Dagucrre ; but, as

Except Solomon." that gentleman still keeps his method secret, we cannot determiue “Oh,” groaned Jefferson, " you have seen that brute then? the point. It appears that M. Daguerre has not done full justice Has lie bitten you ?" to M. Niepce, from whom, he says, he received the first hint of No, but i have beaten him." the process, who appears to have been quite as far advanced in God bless you for it. That cursed animal is the cause of all the process in 1829 as M. Daguerre is in 1839, and that he had my cares." even succeeded in obtaining impressions on paper taken from the

* low so ?" pewter plates used by him in his process. Neither M. Daguerre “Why, you know I aboininate all animals, particularly dogs. nor M. Niepce (who died several years ago) appears to have suc- He, I suppose, saw my antipathy in my face; for, from the ceeded in rendering paper susceptible, all their experiments having momevt I came here, he has lost no opportunity of annoying me. been made with metal plates.

The first time he bit me, I laughed; the second, I looked black;

" now we

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the third, I begged that he might be tied up; but I had far better “I was looking at you,” said poor Jefferson, with a contrite bave tied my tongue and suffered in silence. Mr. Anderson aspect. thought my complaints very reasonable, and ordered the beast to * Looking at me! I never look at you. I tell you, you have his kennel; but Celestina — pity me, my friend! Oh, I was a hard done it on purpose !" hearted monster,-a wretch, to wish to deprive the innocent “We shall win the next game," supplicated Jefferson. animal of his natural liberty; my conduct was a sample of the “ Win it by yourself then. I shall play no more. So saying, tyranny of man, who always domineers over the weak ; it was a the wilful girl walked to the window, and began to play the galopsample of my conduct to a wife: was I not aware that liberty was ade in Gustavus upon the glass. the gift of Heaven, and that he who deprived the meanest crea- Vexed to his soul, poor Jefferson challenged Mrs. De Quincy ture of its birthright was a miserable wretch!” Oh, huw my ears and Ormond, offering to play alone against them, but Mrs. De have ached with the reverberation of her reiterated reproaches ! Quincy declined, and, seating herself on a bench overlooking the Thus we have gone on for a whole week, and this abominable table, declared she would rather take a lesson from the young Solomon is a stumbling-block in the way of my marriage. His men. They began to play, Ormond with indifference, Jefferson barking might be borne, but he bites."

measuring each stroke with the utmost care, and, from too great * Poob, pooh,” replied Ormond, " why should you quarrel with nicety,, missing several. Celestina still drummed the galopade your intended about a dog? You must put up with it till the upon the window. At length, just as the game was thrown into wedding-day is over, and the first thing you do the next morning Jefferson's hands, and he, with the characteristic indecision of will be of course to shoot him."

weak minds, was balancing his cue, and pondering upon his "I have tried to comfort myself with that idea, but these dis. stroke, she threw open the window and called to the gardener, putes have drawn forth so much of Celestina's character, that I who was passing below. begin to be alarmed at the prospect of the future. She is so “Where is Solomon! Let him loose directly. It is inhuman capricious, wilful, unreasonable in fact, quite a spoiled child." to deprive him of his liberty. Send him to me directly.”

Ormond, after changing his travelling dress, accompanied his The man obeyed. Solomon bounded in through the window friend to the drawing-room, where they found their host, the just as Jefferson had adjusted his cue. At a signal from his intended father-in-law of Jefferson, and shortly before dinner was mistress, Solomon bounded on the table, and seized the allannounced they were joined by two ladies: the first, a pretty woman, important ball; Jefferson flew to rescue it, and for his pains was about twenty-five, the young wife of an old gentleman, who was bitten through the hand. In his desperation he struck the in conversation with Mr. Anderson at their entrance, was scarcely brute with the but-end of the cue, and the dog retreated under the glanced at by Ormond; but the sight of the second sent the blood table bowling. to bis heart, and thence, though he was all unused to blush, it “What, Sir,” cried Celestina, her cheeks glowing, and her mounted, in despite of all his efforts at stoicism, to his temples. eyes flashing with anger, “ do you dare to beat my dog ?”. It was she, that lovely, sparkling unknown, whose eyes had Poor Jefferson thought within himself, now is the time to show found their way to his heart one well-remembered night at the my marital authority; and, holding out his bleeding hand, he opera, and whom he had vainly sought for since. His coufusion struck the dog again. caused him so much embarrassment, as he paid his compliments “ You wretch ?" cried Celestina ; and she raised her little hand to the ladies, that his friend began to be ashamed of the awkward with the full intention of repaying Solomon's wrongs on the ears brideman he bad chosen, but the announcement of dinner put an of Mr. Jefferson ; but, at the moment, Mrs. De Quincy quitted end to all further difficulties. Ormond seized the opportunity, her elevated post and ran to interfere. and, perceiving that Jefferson was very backward in proffering “ Celestina !" she cried ; and, by a violent effort, that most his services, offered his arm to Celestina, and thus contrived to irascible of spoiled children withheld her hand. But tears of sit next her at dinner, in the course of which he used all his art passion rolled down her beautiful cheeks. Solomon, emboldened to penetrate the character of a woman, whose conduct gave so by the turn of fortune in his favour, crept from his intrenchment, much uneasiness to her future husband. She was so young and and commenced an attack upon his foe, but the judicious Ormond uz sophisticated, so slender and buoyant, so much a child, that quietly took him by the neck and tail, and, throwing him out of you felt almost inclined to inquire after her doll. Her figure, at the window, closed it against him. once regular and delicate, presented a most charming contour. Meantime Miss Anderson had gained the door and opened it; Her large black eyes, whose cloudy radiance seemed to presage then turning back, her face all glowing, and some bright drops of lightnings, and yet shone with the brightness of innocence, spread pearl still sparkling on her cheeks, she thus addressed her future a charm around her which it was difficult to withstand,

husband It is needless to follow the proceedings of dinner, although to “ Wretch that you are, I hate you! do not deceive yourself, I Ormond they were of very considerable importance, so great was will never be yours. You strike Solomon! I had rather be the charm of the fair girl by whom he sat, so original were the beaten myself. I detest you ; do you understand me? I hate few remarks she let fall; her manner was so marked by the and abhor you, and I won't marry you.”. playful impetuosity of a spoiled child, and yet so chastened by So saying, Celestina, accompanied by Mrs. De Quincy, quitted womanly dignity, that he niuch wondered that his friend Jefferson, the room, and drew to the door with a noise that shook the his senior, by the way, of some five years, should have taken the affair of the dog so much to heart. The dinner ended at last, ." Well," said Ormond, after a silence of some minutes, to his the ladies withdrew; and the younger gentlemen, after paying friend, who remained lost in thought, with his chin on his breast, proper attention to their host's claret, left him and his more and bis hands clasped before him, "well ; what think you of this ancient friend to enjoy the last bottle and the last scrap of politics gentle exhibition of your intended ?" by themselves, and sought the more agreeable charms of female “I won't have her; my mind's made up. I tell you I would society. They found the ladies in the billiard-room, where sooner marry a fury.- Marry, indeed; why was I ever such a fool Celestina was making the balls bound as wildly as her own joyous as to think of marrying? 1! and I had such a comfortable little • spirits. They agreed to form a party, two against two, and establishment at home; all so quiet, so regular. Rachel is an drawing lots for partners, Fortune for once was wise, and the excellent cook ; James, the best of valets, never gives me any affianced pair were opposed to Ormond and Mrs. De Quinoy. trouble ; and Bob is so good a groom, that my horses are never

Celestina entered into the game with all the vivacity of infancy, lame; what the mischief possessed me when I wished to marry? now laughing at her adversaries, then scolding her partner, and and to fall in love with a tigress.--I've done with it. But what herself when she failed ; vexed when she could not laugh, and shall I say to her father? The wedding-day is fixed, and, despite laughing after each vexation. The game was nearly ended, and all she has said in anger, I shall be obliged to fulfil my engageCelestina danced with joy. Three points more would win the ments; and if I meet her again—". game, and if the red ball were pocketed it would be secure. It “Leave that to me, my dear friend," said Ormond, “it is was Jefferson's turn, and, according to his custom, he took a long easily arranged. You have an uncle, a rich uncle ?" and steady aim, but, whilst he was deliberately poising his cue, “ Certainly, my uncle Edwards, from whom I have great exthe impatient Celestina rested her white hand on the cushion, and pectations. Ah, when he dies I am sure of ten thousand.”

His aim was altogether distracted, and he “Well; he is dying. He had an apoplectic attack last night." focketed his own ball without touching any other, and the game “ He bad? How came you to know it ? ” was lost. Celestina screamed aloud, and stamped her little foot. " How came I to know it? My dear fellow, don't waste "You abominable creature!" cried she; “a child could have made time inquiring, but set off at once! It will enable you to come the stroke,"--and her eyes flashed lightnings.

to a decision. Absence is a sure test, and if this wild girl

room.

looked into his eyes.

really loves you, absence will try her. At any rate, the news of window, and, in this extraordinary spy, he recognised his friend your uocle's illness will give you an excuse for absenting yourself Jefferson. His first thought was to throw one of the flower pots for an indefinite time, without entirely breaking with this fair under bis hand upon the intruder's bead, and crush hin bike a dragon."

second Pyrrhus; but his virtue triumphed over this homicidal " It is a good idea. Let us seek Mr. Anderson."

temptation, and he contented himself with drawing down the They found Mr. Anderson in his private room, which he digni- blind, giving no sign that he had perceived Jefferson, and shutting fied by the name of a study, but when he heard Mr. Jefferson's the window, which, on second thoughts, he re-opened. statement, he looked rather blank.

Jefferson had tormented himself with doubts ever since bis “ Come, come, my friend," he said, “I have heard all about return to London. His friend's silence surprised him ; and, as that foolish affair of the dog : you ought not to take offence at it. the dread of Soloinon vanished, his remembrance of his mistress's A child's trick, a child's trick! A wife will know better. I trust beauty grew stronger. His impatience grew at length so strong, you are not playing me false."

that, after sending his letter to Ormond, he could not wait for a Orinond, seeing Jefferson wavering, stepped forward. I reply, but got on the first coach, and was set down near Mr. assure you, my dear sir, that such is not the case. I myself, i Anderson's house. Then again irresolution came upon him. am sorry to say, am the bearer of this sad news ; but, knowing He did not know in what character he should he received, and that there was no conveyance to town till the evening, I concealed whether, if Ormond had followed his first instructions, his visit them until the latest moment, in order to spare the feelings of would not be considered as a gross insult. He recollected that my friend. The coach will pass your door within a quarter of an Celestina was accustomed to sit in the summer-house in the hour, and we must take our leaves hastily, though unwillingly." aiternoon, and it occurred to him that by climbing to the window

“If it must be so, it must," said Mr. Anderson, slowly rising he might gather sufficient from the conversation between her and out of his comfortable arm-chair. “I like not to see marriages Mrs. De Quincy to satisfy bis doubts. There were seldom any delayed. You will return quickly."

passers in the lane, and, as the summer-house was situated at an As soon as possible," murmured Jefferson.

angle of the wall, and the bricks were worn, the ascent was easy. “Will you not take leave of the ladies ?" said Mr. Anderson. He was in the act of ascending when he espied Ormond, and he

Alasit is impossible,” replied Ormond, with great quick - drew back, flattering himself that he was unperceived. As soon ness ; "my friend has not yet prepared anything for his de- as the blind was let duwn he regained his position, and estaparture."

blished himself with his feet resting in a gap in the wall, and his “ But you, at any rate, need not depart, Mr. Ormond,” re- hands firmly grasping the iron balcony of the window, and thus, monstrated Mr. Anderson. “No, no, we shall keep you as a with his head snugly ensconced behind a flower-pot, he settled hostage for Mr. Jefferson.”

himself to listen. By no means displeased at this arrangement, Ormond hurried There was a long silence. Ormond was seated on a stool rery Jefferson away, and, after receiving from him a letter to Celes- near Celestina, but he knew not how to begin a conversation, and tina, renouncing all claim to her hand, and reserring particularly he looked with imploring eyes towards Mrs. De Quincy, w do, to her behaviour respecting the dog, with a slight reference to the though she understood himn full well, for she had read his thoughts superior excellence of his cook Rachel, Ormond at last succeeded long before, would not help him. At length, with a wicked in starting his friend and his pattern valet James, the one in, the meaning in her speech, she said, “ Have you beurd nothing of Mr. other outside the coach, and then resumed his way to the house Jefferson lately!” with a tranquillised mind. Here he passed a delightful evening, Ormond saw her meaning, and hesitated for a moment; but, the enfant gáté was all smiles, and when he bent over her at the quickly resuming self-possession, he answered, “ Yes, Madam, pianu and requested his favourite pieces, the joyous, pure, and I have received a letter from him, announcing his return, and he free-hearted glances that met his eyes carried hiin away into the has commissioned me to inform you of it." regions of enchantment. And when, at her request, the trio, “ His uncle has then recovered ?” Mrs. De Quincy, Celestina, and Orinond, joined in a glee, he “1 presume he has; but his illness was only an excuse, to sang (he had many times been praised for his pure bass) he sang afford 'my friend a delicate opportunity of withdrawing for a few with an earnestness, a desire of duing well, that he had never days.' felt before.

Celestina raised her head, and fixed her expressi'e eyes upon When he sat in the quietude of his own room, he thought to Ormond. himself, is this the spoiled child of whom I have heard so much ? " If your friend," said she, with an emphasis on the word the girl, whose mind is nothing but a light thing, that can be friend_" If your friend thought it necessary to absent binself, turned by the power of society? I cannot believe it. She is be assured, that I do not desire his return. Pray write, and tell evidently a child of nature, totally unacquainted with the artifices him so." which teach the practised to conceal their feelings. It is evident “ You should not be so revengeful,” said Mrs. De Quincy, that she does not love Jefferson, and I feel very certain that I with affected good-nature; “if he repents and confesses bis love her myself. I shall lose no time in acquitting myself of my faults—if he confesses himself guilty of being bitten—if he throws commission, and he will have no cause to complain if I turn to himself on his knees, and implores your pardon, ought you not to the fair one he abandons.

grant bim pardon ! Days passed on, and Ormond was lost in the contemplation of “ What an excellent woman,' said Jefferson, behind the this young girl, whose beauty had a seduction for bion which he flower-pot. could hardly bring himself to acknowledge. By turns thoughtless Miss Anderson was silent for a few moments, and then she as a child, and pensive as a woman, in wild spirits in the mornirg, softly said to Ormond, at whom, though sitting at her feet, she and melancholy at night, petulant and serious, she seemed an scarcely dared to look - You, doubtless, are of Emily's opi. enigma, and Ormond hesitated. A letter from Jefferson roused nion?" him. Absence had calmed his spirit, and he begged his friend, A thrill ran through the frame of Julins, as, gently bending if he had not already delivered the message with which he was towards the beautiful girl, who sat motionless, her eyes cast down, charged, and altogether broken the match, to act the part of a but her emotion betrayed by the undulation of her snow-white peacemaker, and endeavour to move Celestina in his favour. garment, he inurmured — It is I who seek for pardon : I, who No, no, my friend, thought Ormond, I cannot allow you to be love you, and whom the very thought of this marriage plunges thus fickle : you surrendered Celestina, and have now lost all into despair. Celestina, my fate is in your hands, the happiness right to interfere. However, I will put an end to this at once. If of my life depends on a word. Say, I beg of you,-on my knees I she refuses me, she may take you and welcome, but not otherwise. beg you-tell me that you will not marry him." Brimful of valour, he determined to seek Celestina ; and at Celestina answered not, but the pressure of her hand, which he length found her sitting in a pleasant summer-house, with Mrs. had seized, answered for her. De Quincy. The sunbeams poured full upon her beautiful Italian Mrs. De Quincy, with a wicked smile, quietly said, “It is cerhead as she bent over her work, and reflected from her banded tainly praiseworthy to plead a friend's cause, but there is no hair, shone around her like a glory. As Julius entered, she need of so much warınih. Besides, it is not good manners tu raised her head, and, dazzled by the light, requested him to draw whisper." down the blind. The window looked out upon a lane which ran " He is pleading for me ;-what will she answer?” said Jeffer. at the back of the garden. As Julius unfastened the string which son, who began to find his position unpleasant. kept up the blind, he perceived the head of a man, who, by the Celestina rose, and, crossing the floor, sat down by the side of aid of the inequalities of the wall, had clambered up to the her friend, and hid her face in her bosom. At this moment

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Jefferson tried to put aside the blind ; a motion which was ob. “. Ah !” replied the ecclesiastic, “they would not be Angles but served only by Ormund, who, changing his position, and approach angels, if they were but Christians !" Pursuing his inquiries, he ing Mrs. De Quincy, said aloud -" Allow me to fulfil my commis- exclaimed, “Why should the Prince of darkness have such splendid sion. What answer shall I send to Jefferson ?"

subjects? Why should the mind be so dark when the form is so • l'ery proper,” said Mrs. De Quincy, with a sort of maternal beautiful ?” Through him, Austin and other monks were sent to gravity; "it is time to make up your mind. If you love Mr. England to preach Christianity. Ethelbert was then king of Kent, Jefferson, all these disputes are childish. If you do not love him, and he received the missionaries with great respect. His answer say so; and your father, I am sure, will not put any constraint on to their propositions is worthy of a more enlightened age :-"Your your feelings.

words and promises are very fair ; but as they are new and un"I do not love him," said Celestina, in a firm voice.

certain, I cannot abandon that religion which I and the whole Orinond looked round to the window, and perceived by the English nation have so long followed, to give credit to them. movement of the blind that these words liad reached the ears of Nevertheless, as you are strangers here, and are come so far, Jeterson.

through a desire, as it appears to us, of imparting to this kingdom " But you accepted bim," said Mrs. De Quincy, in a half. the knowledge of those things which you believe to be true and mocking tone.

most beneficial, we will not molest you, but receive you with kind "I was so young and foolish,” remonstrated Celestina. “I hospitality, and take care to supply you with everything which liked the thought of living in London ; the match pleased iny you may want for your support; nor do we forbid you to persuade futher; and I accepted the hand of Mr. Jefferson, without consi- as many as you can, by preaching, to embrace the religion which dering the importance of such an engagement. I am sure be did you profess. The King appointed Canterbury for the residence not look on it in any other light. Fortunately, experience has of the strangers : and his conversion was followed by their obshewn us that we are not made for one another. I do not blame taining many proselytes. The new religion soon spread over Kent him ; on the contrary, I am ready to confess that I alone am in and Essex, and Ethelbert built the church of St. Paul in London. the wrong. But I could not be happy with him. Why, then, Under several of his successors Christianity declined, but, in the should I marry him?"

reign of Edwin, who was a prince of great sagacity, and under whose " But if he comes back," said Ormond, “how will you receive protection it again revived, it extended its influence as far as the him?"

province of Northuinbria. This king, however, previous to " I shall repeat what I have now said."

adopting the new opinions, held a council of his kingdom, and by "What! if he appeared suddenly before you, in a humble, sup. its determination was the established religion of the country to plia.t attitude?"

be confirmed or the new one adopted. Each councillor was re. Yes ;-) tell you I don't love him, and I never will marry quired to give his opinion in rotation. An extract or two from him."

Bede vill show how cordially Edwin's views were reciprocated by Ormond, who stood close by the window, suddenly drew up the his followers. Coifi, the high.priest, thus addressed the assembly:blind, and discovered the unhappy Jefferson to the astonished “ Consider attentively, Oking, the nature of the religion which ladies.

is now preached to us, for I can assure you from my own experi“Good day, my dear friend,” he cried; “how are you?". ence, that the religion which we have hitherto professed has no Tired out with his fatiguing position, and overpowered by the virtue in it. None of your subjects ever applied himself with smothered laughter of the spectators of his misery, Jefferson let go greater zeal to the worship of our gods than I ; and yet many of bis hold, and iell prostrate in the lane.

them liave received greater favours and honours from you, and Need we say more? No. Let us end like a good old nursery bave been more fortunate in everything which they undertook to tale. But a few days more elapsed, and Orinoud and Celestina perform or acquire, than I huve. Now, if these gods could do any. were married ; and 'Jefferson, like a sensible man, comforted him thing, they would rather promote my interests, who have been self with Mr. Anderson's goud cheer, and danced at the wedding ; mure careful to serve them. Wherefore it now remains that if, the same night Solomon most unaccountably disappeared, and, upon due examination, you perceive that this new religion which is what is more wonderful, was never inquired after.

now preached to us is better and more efficacious, we admit it

without delay.” The speech of another, as coming from an illiterate PROGRESS OF CHRISTIANITY IN ENGLAND.

Saxon councillor of that rude age, is peculiarly striking. "The present life of man, o king, compared with that space of time

bei ond, of which we have no certainty, reminds me of one of your We know very little respecting Christianity in England under wintry feasts, where you sit with your generals and ministers. The the Romans. That it flourished, and probably prevailed extensively, hearth blazes in the middle, and a grateful heat is diffused around, seems little doubtful : but beyond this, we know nothing with while the storms of rain and snow are raging fierce without. Driven certainty, The great persecution which raged against the Christian by the chilling tempest, a little sparrow enters at one door, and flies religion during the reign of Diocletian, extended to Britain ; and delighted around till it departs through the other. While it stays the town of St. Albans preserves in its name the memory of an within our mansion it feels not the winter's storm; but when this eminent citizen, who, along with many others of his fellow. short interval of happiness has been enjoyed, it is forced again into countrymen, whose names are not recorded. perished for their the same dreary scene from which it had escaped, and we behold it attachment to their faith. Towards the concluding period of the

Such is the life of man, and we are as ignorant of the Roinan dominion, the British ecclesiastics appear to have enjoyed state which has preceded our present existence as of that which bome cou:sideration in the Christian world, and to have shared in will follow it. Thus situated, I feel that if this new faith can give the noisy verbal theological disputes which agitated the church. us more certainty on this important subject, it merits our belief." Pelagius and Celestius were both Britons, the first being

supposed The other councillors expressed themselves in a similar manner; to have been born in Wales, and the second in Ireland. These two and after Paulinus, one of the missionaries, bad delivered a dismen were travelling companions ; they arrived in Rome about course, Coifi, animated by its eloquence, exclaimed—“Formerly I the beginning of the fifth century; and afterwards, by the propa- understood nothing that I was worshipping, and the more indusgation of their opinions, chiefly respecting original sin and free triously I sought for truth the less of it could I find. But in this will, raised a controversy, which extended to every part of the system, the gifts of eternal life and happiness are clearly unfolded world where Christianity was professed.

to us. Therefore, O king, I advise that our useless temples be The wars and rapine of the heathen Saxons extinguished almost immediately consigned to fames and to execration.” Edwin and erery testige of Christianity in Errgland. Churches were his nobles were then baptized with many of the people, and thus destroyed, ecclesiastics were massacred, and the country appears Christianity was established. • Christianity,” says Turner, “bas to have been almost if not entirely destitute of all recollection or never been admitted into any country in a manner more worthy of memory of that religion which, under the civilizing influence of itself, or more creditable to the intellect of its converts. Both Rome, appeared to have taken firm root within it. Then occurred Eihelbert and Edwin received it like dispassionate sages. Their bat memorable incident recorded of Gregory surnamed the Great, faith was the offspring of a judgment deliberate and just." The hich took place before he reached the papal chair. Passing gospel soon spread over the other provinces, and Sussex was the through the streets of Rome, he was struck, in the market. last which acceded to the revolution in its religious system. place, by the sight of some fair youths, who were exposed for Civilization, morality, and a taste for literature, were its immediate Sale as slaves. Impressed with the beauty of their forms, and fruits. When the Christian clergy were established and monastheir fair complexions, he inquired of what country they were, and teries arose, the

poor were taken under their protection, and thus was told that ihey were Angles, and belonged to a pagan race. I gradually drawn away from robbery and bloodshed. A channel of

ITS INTRODUCTION AND EARLY STATE.

no more.

man,

communication was now opened between Britain and the more obstruct his passage. This would have frightened some boys, but polite parts of Europe, so that there was now some hope of the it had no such effect upon Dunstan ; who, pronouncing a sacred introduction of arts and sciences into this country. An ecclesias- name and brandishing his stick, put the devil and all his dogs to tical power was reared, which, at one time opposing the King, and fight. The church doors being shut, an angel took him in his at another the domination of the nobles, favoured the emancipation, arms, conveyed him through an opening in the roof, and set him and contributed much to produce the freedom of the people. softly down on the floor. After his recovery he pursued his studies

The Saxon Heptarchy was united under the dominion of Egbert, with the greatest ardour, and soon became a perfect master in a prince of great accomplishments. He was a patron of the arts, philosophy, divinity, music, painting, writing, sculpture, working and founded a noble library at York, of which Turner furnishes a in gold, silver, brass, and iron, &c. When he was still very young catalogue. On the same authority Bede is said to have “addressed he entered into holy orders, and was introduced by his uncle a long letter to him, which remains.” The studies pursued in York Athelm, Archbishop of Canterbury, to King Athelstan ; who, in the eighth century are also given. They were, Grammar, Rhe-charmed with his person and accomplishments, retained him in his toric, Poetry, Astronomy, and Natural Philosophy. He adds : court, and employed him in many great affairs. At leisure bours “But though literature in the seventh and eighth centuries was ne used to entertain the king and his courtiers with playing on his striking its roots into every part of England, yet it was in the harp, or some other musical instrument; and now and then he monasteries almost exclusively that it met with any fit soil or dis- wrought a miracle, which gained him great admiration. His old played any vegetation. The ignorance of the secular part of society enemy the devil was much offended at this, and prompted some was general and gross. Even our kings were unable to write. envious courtiers to persuade the king that his favourite was a Withred, King of Kent, about the year 700, says, at the end of a magician, which that prince too readily believed. Dupstan, dis. charter, “I have put the sign of the holy Cross, pro ignorantia covering by the king's countenance that he had lost his favour, litterarum, on account of my ignorance of writing.'

There are

and resolving to resign rather than be turned out, retired from several letters, however, extant, from the Anglo-Saxon kings at this court to another uncle, who was bishop of Winchester. This period, which show some mental cultivation; the great Alfred was a good prelate prevailed upon his nephew to forsake the world and notable example. In the century preceding Alfred the Great, the become a monk; after which he retired to a little cell, built against chief intellectual luminaries were, Aldhelm, Bede, and Alcuin :- the church wall of Glastonbury. Here he slept, studied, prayed, the first was a celebrated poet, as also was the latter, who was meditated, and sometimes amused himself with forging sereral besides the friend and preceptor of the Emperor Charlemagne. useful things in brass and iron. One evening, as he was working He was born in Northumbria, and studied at York under Egbert very busily at his forge, the devil, putting on the appearance of a while he was archbishop. He composed many works on the arts thrust his head into the window of his cell, and asked him to and sciences, for the use and instruction of Charlemagne, with whom make something or other for him. Dunstan was so intent upon he ultimately attached himself in France. He was indefatigable his work that he made no answer ; on which the devil began to in exciting the Emperor to the love and encouragement of learn- swear and talk obscenely, which betrayed the lurking fiend. The holy ing, and in the collection of MSS. for its dissemination.

blacksmith, putting up a secret ejaculation, pulled his tongs, which Bede, the well-known early historian of the primitive Church, were red hot, out of the fire, seized the devil with them by the nose, was born in 673. He was put under the care of the Abbot and squeezed him with all his strength ; which made his infernal Benedict at seven years of age in the monastery of Weremouth, Majesty roar and scold at such a rate, that he awakened and terri. Northumbria, his vative place. In the year 702 he was ordained fied all the people for many miles around. So far the legend. priest. In his own simple unaffected narration, he says, “ I passed “The man who set England in flames," says Turter," was all the time of my life in the residence of this monastery, and gave Dunstan, a man certainly formed by nature to act a distinguished all my labours to the meditation of the Scriptures, and to the part in the varied theatre of life. His progress to honour is worth observance of regular discipline, and in the daily care of singing our contenu plation, as it affords a curious instance of great talents in the church. It was always sweet to me to learn, to teach, and perverted from the path of glory by injudicious tuition and an into write. From the time of my receiving the order of priesthood ordinate ambition.” It was Dunstan's early choice to have settlal to the fifty-ninth year of my life, I have employed myself in briefly in private life, and he became deeply enamoured of a female friend. noting from the works of the venerable Fathers these things on the But his uncle refused to sanction his marrying, and wished him to holy Scriptures for the necessities of me and mine, and in adding devote himself to the Church. His disappointed hopes ihrew nim something to the form of their sense and interpretation.” Bede into a violent illness, during which the preaching of the inonks and was the author of many works, in biography, history, &c. He the fear of death overcame him; and thus Dunstan, while ardent died in 735, aged 62. The second Council of Aix-la-Chapelle with passions not dishonourable to youth, was driven forcibly from bestowed on him the title of Venerable.'

civil honours, and afterwards excluded from social life. In obe. The year 849 was distinguished by the birth of Alfred, whose dience to duty, fear, and importunity, but in direct contradiction to history is so well known as to require no notice here. His great his own wishes and prospects, he became a monk. But his blighted acquirements, his exile, and his subsequent restoration, occupy a passion and fanaticism rendered him incapable of the calmness of prominent part in the Anglo-Saxon annals. After twelve years of true devotion, and fed the malady by the extravagant severities he peril and calamity, he acquired the sovereignty; and his compre- imposed on himself. He fancied himself assailed by the powers of hensive mind conceived and executed the magnanimous policy of darkness. With his own hands he made a cell so unlike anything subduing the minds of his enemies to the peaceful obligations of of the sort, that his biographer, who had seen it, knew not what agriculture, civilization, and Christianity. To effect this, he re- to call it. It was five feet long by two and a half wide; its height quired of them to exchange their Paganism for the Christian the stature of a man. Its only wall was its door, which covered religion.

the whole, and in it a small aperture to admit light and air. Here A new religious system spread in Europe in the tenth century-occurred many of those wonderful things which were probably first the Benedictine order of monks became the most celebrated in related by himself, and believed by his superstitious auditors. Christendom; and in England a character arose for its propagation, The fame of his trials and his sanctity went to the remotest whose genius constituted him the most remarkable man of his parts of the kingdom; and Edmund, the successor of Athelsian, country and age, and whose ambitious ascendancy in civil and invited him to court. The predominant passions in Dunstan's ecclesiastical affairs renders him the most prominent actor in character were ambition and impetuosity. The path of life to several reigns. This man was Dunstan. This extraordinary person which he was forced did not extinguish those energies. His supewas born in 925. He was of noble birth, and his education con- rior mind and all its acquisitions still remained; but it was sisted of all the branches of knowledge which were taught at the necessary that all its peculiarities should thereafter be displayed in time. His intense application to study produced a violent illness, the language, garb, and manners of a monk. He was well received which had a remarkable effect upon his subsequent character and by the king; his ambition was revived, and he now aspired to conduct in life. lis monkish contemporaries furnish marvellous establish his own power on the aggrandisement of his order ; and details of his saintly exploits. One of them relates that when the it was not long before he had the custody of the temporal as well whole family were standing about his bed dissolved in tears and as the spiritual affairs of his sovereign. The public purse being expecting every moment to see him expire, an angel came from now at his disposal, he planted religious establishments all over the heaven in a dreadful storm, and gave him a medicine which restored kingdom. He became the champion of the Benedictine reformahim to perfect health in a moment. Dunstan immediately started tion, found abundance of supporters, and the revolutions he from his bed, and ran with all his speed towards the church to return patronized gathered strength every day. The people reverenced thanks for his recovery; but the devil met him by the way, sur. the new monks for their assumed sanctity and severe regularity. rounded by a great multitude of black dogs, and endeavoured to Thus the crafty project ended in governing the nation by the

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