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ADDRESSED TO MY ROCKING-CHAIR.
BLESSINGS on the invention fairi
For wakeful ease or slumber!
In past hours without number.
Friend at all seasons ! how I love,
Like some angelic creature,
And read each glowing feature !
Or when, with full and staring eye, The mid-day sun, in cloudless sky,
Like well-fed furnace blazes, Safe nestled in thy shaded nook, To speed the needle's task, or look
Into thought's mystic mazes.
And oftener still, when pensive eve,
And takes her silent station
Pay willing adoration.
new order, of which every member was, by gratitude, interest and prejudice, attached to Dunstan as its founder and patron. In the following reign he suffered a temporary check, and lived four years in exile, but, on the accession of Edgar, he had full scope for the exercise of his projects. He was recalled to court, became the King's confidential minister, and in a short time was promoted to be bishop of Worcester, then to the see of London ; and ultimately to be Archbishop of Canterbury and the Pope's Legate. Invested with the highest functions both of civil and ecclesiastical government, Dunstan proceeded vigorously in the exaltation of his order, and he appears, while he angmented their wealth and power, to have reformed the disorders of the Anglo-Saxon church.
He was zealously and munificently supported by Edgar, and the provisions of the Benedictine rule were followed up in all their strictness. The secular clergy suffered severely in consequence. Under Dun. stan's guidance the kingdom flourished exceedingly, and in this reign all the minor princes of the island acknowledged Edgar's sovereignty.
Dunstan sustained his influence on the accession of Edward II., on which occasion the crown being disputed, the secular and monastic clergy were again in conflict. The opponents of Dunstan were confounded by two events which the superstition of the age attributed to the miraculous interposition of Heaven. During a stormy synod held in the cathedral at Winchester, a crucifix in the wall is said by the biographers of the saint to have received the gift of speech, ard to have pronounced the divine will in favour of the monastic order. And in a council summoned at Calne, in Wiltshire, where the claims of the rival orders were violently debated, Dunstan had just declared that he committed the protection of the church to Christ, when the floor of the council chamber suddenly gave way at the end on which the opponents of the monastic order were collected; and being precipitated to the earth below, they were all either killed or dangerously hurt, while the archbishop and his friends remained uninjured. Some writers have ascribed this to the preparation of Dunstan, but the difficulties of such a contrivance render it doubtful. True it is, he improved the accident and counterfeited a miracle, which corresponds with other incidents of his life. The close of Dunstan's ambitious and busy career was of undiminished prosperity. He ended a long and prosperous life in 989, in time to escape the calamities of war and foreign invasion, in which the country was soon after plunged in the reign of Ethelred II.
Most of the monkish writers make a conjuror of this busy prelate. Fuller, who had consulted them all, tells us that he was an escellent musician, which was a qualification very necessary to ecclesiastical preferment, for, he adds, "preaching, in those days, could not be heard for singing in churches.” The superior knowledge of Dunstan in music was numbered among his crimes; for, being accused of magic to the king, it was urged against him that he had constructed, by the help of the devil, (probably before he had taken him by the nose,) a harp, that not only moved of itself, but played without ar human assistance. With all his violence and ambition, it ma
posed that he was a man of genius and talents; since it is a by the least monkish of his historians, that he was not only
lent musician, but a notable painter, and statuary. It is
cupon record, that he cast two of the bells of Abingdon Abbey with his own hands. (Monast. Anglic. tom. i. p. 101.) And, according to William of Malmshury, who wrote about 11 20, the Saxons had organs in their churches before
He says that in the reign of Edgar, Dunstan gave an organ to the abbey of Malmsbury, which, by his description, very much resembled that in present use. He adds, that this benefaction of Dunstan's was inscribed in a Latin distich on the organ pipes.
"No eircumstance," says a modern writer, “can more impresçively attest the superiority of Dunstan's attainments than having been accused, while at court, of demoniacal arts. Such charges give demonstration of the talents and knowledge of the person so accused. In the very same century, another man of eminence suffered under a similar imputation, because he had made a sphere, intented clocks, and attempted a telescope. Many thought Dunstan mad; but, as his madness was systematical, persevering, and popular, it was soon recognised to be prophetic intuition. His aris to perpetuate his power and popularity cannot now be detailed, but they may be conjectured by one faculty which he claimed, zad which has been transmitted to us from his own authority. This was his power of conversing with the spiritual world. “I can relate one thing from himself,” says his contemporary biographer, " that though he lives confined by a veil of Aesh, yet, whether awake or asleep, he was always abiding with the powers above."
Then, wrapt in dreams, my heart will float,
To the blue vault ideal ;
And dwell in worlds unreal.
Yet deem not, when calm Reason calls,
Where idle fancies centre,
Or aught like dark thoughts enter.
Oh, no!-within thy still domain,
Born with substantial being; 'Till to a livelier flame I fan Warm gratitude, and rise, some plan
Of good in all things seeing.
Then come at will, ideal bliss ! Thou 'lt always find a welcome kiss
From one that dearly loves thee : Yet, if thou choose to stay away, Believe me-oh, bewitching fay!
Thine absence will not move me.
For, better than all fancied wealth,
With peace—best gift of Heaven !
What need that more be given? - From “ The Knickerbocker" New York Magasine.
* The Americans commonly use easy chairs mounted on rockers.
CHARACTERISTICS OF SCARLET FEVER.
ourselves more amply rewarded, than in witnessing our constant
but feeble efforts sanctioned by the all-healing power of Providence. A few preliminary observations on the opinions popularly en. Our patient gradually but slowly recovered, and is now happily tertained of scarlet fever, will materially assist us in explaining, sufficiently reinstated in health to return to his ordinary business, more clearly, the peculiar characteristics of this disease. From and to superintend the responsible duties of a kind bushand and the maternal part of the community we are yet most desirous of father. We have here plainly exhibited the different effects the claiming particular attention, as the subject upon which we are same disease may have on the various members of one family : now about to treat is deserving of their earnest consideration ; for, the mother, nursemaid, and five children, passing through the with the exception of the small-pox, not one of the diseases inci. disease so mildly as not to be known, except to the medical prac. dent to childhood carries occasionally into families so much sorrow, titioner, whilst the father was so severely attacked, that great anguish, and desolation.
doubts were at one period of the disorder entertaiaed of his recovery, The terms scarlatina, and scarlet fever, convey to many indivi- which was lingering and tedious. duals the idea of two distinct meanings ; scarlatina being often Scarlet fever, like measles, small-pox, and hooping-cough, is conregarded as a disorder of a light and trifling nature, exhibiting a sidered to be propagated by contagion, and, generally speaking, slight redness, or efflorescence of the skin, and supposed not to only attacks once during lile ; yet in this, as in other diseases, offer protection against an attack of scarlet fever. How frequently, there are exceptions to the rule. But we are convinced such in. indeed, do we heur in reply to the inquiry, Has such a child had starices do not frequently occur ; indeed Dr. Willan stated that he scarlet fever? No—but she has had scarlatina ; whereas the terms never saw a second attack upon the same individual amongst the are in fact synonymous, that is, signifying one and the same dis number of two thousand patients, whom he had attended in scarorder-scarlatina being the mere technical name for scarlet fever ; | latina. therefore, in proceeding, we may be permitted to use the words in
The usual symptoms preceding this disease is slight shivering, definitely, supposing ourselves to be understood as treating of the but frequently in children this is unobserved, and even adults will same identical disease.
say, that they merely felt a little cold and chilly. When this Amongst the various affections of the skin there is one called irregular shivering is observed. it will be followed in a few hours by Roseola, and this, we believe, is often mistaken for, or confounded nausea and sometimes vomiting, heat of the skin, quick pulse, with, scarlatina. It is frequently caused by the irritation of teeth. thirst, headache, and even delirium at this early period has been ing, derangement of the bowels, accompanied by slight fever, and noticed; the throat becomes uneasy and sore, and there is fre. either generally or partially covering the skin with a rash of a rose quently stiffness of the neck. These symptoms may continue for colour; sometimes it continues for a night only; in other cases it one, two, or three days ; but generally on the second day the skin appears for several days, but is not attended with the peculiar ap- on the face, neck, and chest, will appear covered with minute red pearance of the tongue, or the peeling off of the skin at the decline points, which in twenty-four hours extend over the whole surface, of the rash, which accompanies and follows scarlatina. “ Roseola," covering the body with a diffuse redness, resembling the colour of observes a recent author, " has not unfrequently, especially by the a salmon, when the fish is in high season.
The skin is now, older writers, been mistaken for ur earles, or scarlatina; hence pro- especially in the severer cases, very dry and pungently hot ; the bably originated the notion which many entertain, that scarlatina, tongue is either covered with a white fur, as if cream was spread unlike other exanthematous levers," (attended by cutaneous erup over it, through which many ininute red points appear, or it is tions arising from specific contagion,) « may occur more than once clean, smooth, and red. There is difficulty of swallowing, arising in the same individual." Ludeed, scarlatina was not accurately from soreness of the throat, and an enlargement of its glands ; the described as a distinct disease until the last half century ; even the voice is altered and hoarse ; and frequently there is a secretion of most talented of the faculty confounding it with other skin affec- tenacious mucus or phlegm from the throat, which is distressing, tions; and it remained for Dr. Withering. who published an essay from the difficulty experienced in expelling it. Towards the eves. first in 1778, and again in 1793, to describe it as a distinct disease. ing, the symptonis increase, and delirium during the night is not
Before we attempt to delineate the symptoms which precede untrequent. Some complain of an intolerable pricking sensation, and attend scarlatina, we may observe, that this disease assumes and will describe it as if thousands of needles were running into various characters, according to the different seasons in which it them. prevails. In some seasons it is very mild, in others it is equally The irruption may be regarded at its height on the fourth day, virulent and destructive of life ; even when it exists as a mild epi- on the fifth it begins to disappear from the parts first affected, on demic, we generally hear instances of one or two families being the sixth it is more indistinct, and on the eighth, it has ceased to attacked by it with so much violence as to prove fatal to some. be perceptible. On the morning of the sixth day the skin begins Individuals of the same family, having the disease at the same to peel off from the face and neck, where the rash first appeared, time, may suffer very differently; in demonstration of which we and continues to do so, progressively. from other parts of the body, give the following instance :
until the ninth or tenth day. The various symp:oms accompany. A few months since, we were requested to attend a young ladly ing the raslı, gradually disappear with the redners; but the threat who had a sore throat ; on examining the throat and noticing the may continue sore ; the tongue remain red, smooth, and clean, for appearance of the tongue, we inquired if any redness of the skin some days. Languor and great debility follow the severe cases, had been observed ? or if she had ever had scarlatina ? Her from which, however, the recovery is more rapid than might te mother (who is peculiarly watchful of any illness, of either her expected, provided the internal organs have escaped inflammatory children or ber servants) replied, that all her children, consisting action. of five, had been poorly ; the nursemaid had likewise been ill, and The symptoms just described are such as occur in what is termed she herself had suffered from a sore throat; but considering that a smart attack of the disease ; but the reader will perceive, from the general indisposition which had prevailed in her family was what has been previously stated, that it often assumes a much merely the effects of slight colds, she had only treated it as such, milder form, running its course so favourably as almost to escape by administering a little aperient medicine. We then more mi- notice. Would that it generally did so; but, unhappily, at certain nutely examined our patient, and discovered a desquamation, or seasons, when scarlet fever is generally prevalent, it is a violent, peeling off of the skin ; and on requesting to see the others, we destructive, and very unmanageable disease. It is not, however, our readily recognised the sequelæ of the disease, especially in the intention to take the reader through all its varieties, as we write nursemaid, who had remaining that peculiar dropsical affection of for maternal information ; sufficient, we trust, has been slated, to the skin which is a frequent follower of scarlatina; we had there. afford a general knowledge of the symptoms preceding and accom• fore no hesitation in pronouncing all the invalids to have had that panying scarlatina. disease. A few days afterwards we were sent for to visit the We believe many individuals consider that the bidden laws which father of the family, a man of the most sober and regular habits, govern contagion must of necessity be known to medical men ; and who had only tbe day previous been attending to his usual avoca- it is probable that some in the profession may assist in sustaining tiuns; he was evidently likewise labouring under an attack of the delusion ; be this as it may, we are oftentimes questioned, first, scarlet fever, but of a much more virulent nature than that through how long the contagion may remain dormant, after it is imbibed which bis family had so favourably passed. Fever of the severest into the system? Second, when a person who has passed through symptoms set in instantly. In a few hours, from being apparently the disease, ceases to communicate the contagion to those who in bealth, he was unable to raise his hand to his head; and for have hitherto escaped its attack? Our opinion is, that very little several days it was a struggle between life and death.
is yet known of contagion generally, or the laws which direct This gentleman we watched with anxious care, and seldom in specific contagion ; therefore, when the above questions are put to the exercise of our profession have we been more gratified, or felt I us, we candidly acknowledge our inability to afford the desired
infirmation. Indeed, many instances might be offered to prove how indefinite the period may be in both cases; and the hazard of
A VISIT TO BOWOOD. giving a decided opinion will be illustrated by the following fact. Though the Marquis of Lansdowne had told me in London that
We attended, a few years since, two children in a gentleman's he regretted that I should not be able to see the pictures of Bowood, family, who bad, simultaneously, scarlet fever: the cases were severe, but both happily recovered. The nursemaid remained in
because it was under repair, I would not pass so near this celebrated the room day and night, administering to all their wants. She said
seat without visiting it. I therefore set out on the following she had never had the disease, nevertheless was not deterred from morning in a single-borse carriage, here called a fly. As you the performance of her duty. Three weeks afterwards, the family approach Bowood, the ground becomes more unequal, the vegetaremoved to the sea-side, leaving the maid in town : they remained
tion richer and more luxuriant. There is a long drive through the ahsent six or seven weeks; and, a fortnight after their return, the park, which is thickly wooded witi lofty trees, before you reach nursemaid was taken ill, and had a severe attack of scarlet fever.
the mansion. Being situated on a considerable eminence, which J'rom what has been suggested 10 parents, iu former articles, in commands the country far and wide, and built in the noble and this Journal, on the diseases of childhood, we are inclined to hope, cheerful Italian style, it has a surprisiogly beautiful appearance. that the necessity of carefully watching the first approach of inflam- | On closer inspection, I was particularly pleased at a certain irremation taking place in any of the internal organs, will be deeply gularity in the dis position of the considerable group of buildings, impressed on their recollection. The disease now under our con
which produces a number of agreeable cornbinations, and makes siderativn, urgently demands the adoption of suitable remedies on
the architecture harmonize in a picturesque inanner with the sur. the first evidence of local or internal inflammation.
rounding scenery. The principal edifice, which, from its grand On the general management of scarlatina we shall say but little. proportions, bas a very stately appearance, is joined on the right The treatment in so varying a disease must be left to professional side, but standing rather back, by a wing only one story high and judgment and discretion. Yet, before concluding, we would wil- of great length, more in the style of a villa, with a long open colon. lingly direct attention to the beneficial effects of frequently made. On the terrace before it, is an elegant flower-garden, divided ventilating the bed chamber, and allowing a current of cool air to
into regular beds. The wall of the colonnade is adorned with pass round the patient; also by sponging the body with cold water, larger plants : myrtles, pomegranates, passion-flowers, all in full shen the skin is dry and hot. Discernment and professional blossom. On entering ihe colonnade, I was surrounded by innu. knowledge are requisite to direct when sponging should take place, merable flowers, which filled the air with their fragrance. Behind and we hope it will only be done by advice of the practitioner.
this is the chapel, and, in two beautiful large apartments, the library. In early life, we had an opportunity of witnessing the effects of In one of them the book-cases are ornamented with elegant imitá, the application of cold water to the surface, when scarlatina was
tions of Greek vases, and in the other by very good bronzes, after epidemic in a branch of the public service, and with such marked the most celebrated antiques. On the other side of the main benefit
, that we have regretted that prejudice has often prevented building, instead of a wing corresponding with this in tiresomo our using the like means so frequently in private life as we could symmetry, there is another shorter wing, adjoining the back froot, have desired. The testimony of Dr. Bateman will, we trust, tend before which, in the angle that it forms, is another flower-garden, in some degree, to dissipate ihe prejudice which we have had to
but more retired and private. The prospect from the house is sincontend against ; for which purpose we extract the following strong gularly fine. At the foot of the genly sloping hill, a lake of concommendation from his work on Cutaneous Diseases.
siderable extent spreads out in two beautifully-winding branches, • We are possessed," says Dr. Bateman, " of no physical agent,
the opposite bank of which rises again, and is ihickly covered, like as far as my experience has taught me, (not excepting even the
this, with the finest timber. Further on, the view is bounded by use of blood-letting in acute intiainmation,) by which the functions fruitful plains, closed in with a hill. of the animal economy are controlled with so much certainty,
I accepted with the g eatest pleasure the kind offer of Lady safety, and promptitude, as by the application of cold water to the Lansdowne, to let the gardener show me the pleasure-grounds. skin under the augmented heat of scarlatina and some other fevers.
We tirst went into the kitchen-garden, surrounded with a high wall, Inis expedient combines in itself all the medicinal properties which where everything is reared which England, that is so far advanced are indicated in this state of disease, and which we should scarcely, in the cultivation of vegetables, produces. But in the grounds, à priori, expect it to possess ; for it is not only the most effectual extending over seventy acres of land, I learned what art, in union febrifuge, but is, in fact, the only sudorific and anodyne which will with a situation favoured by nature, and a mild climate, is able to not disappoint the expectation of the practitioner under these cir- effect. The advantages of the lofty and most vigorous of the native cumstances. I have had the satisfaciion, in numerous instances,
trees, such as the oak, the ash, and the beech, are here happily of witnessing the immediate improvement of the symptoms, and
united with the most various trees and shrubs of southern vegeta. the rapid change in the countenance of the patient, produced by
tion. Cedars of Lebanon, in their solemn majesty, melancholy washing the skin. Invariably, in the course of a few minutes, the cypresses, laurels, cork, oaks, cheerful arbntus, and tulip trees, pulse has been diminished in frequency, the thirst has abated, the and many others, are joined, with the most refined taste, in thick tongue has become moist, a general free perspiration has broken masses, in large or small independent groups, and afford the most forth, the skin has become soft and cool, and the eyes have bright manifold variations, of completely secluded forest solitude, of a ened ; and these indications of relief have been speedily followed contined view from the mysterious gloom to the remote horizon, to by a calm and refreshing sleep. In all these respects, the condition the richest and most various views of single parts of the garden, to of the patient presented a complete contrast to that which pre
the mirror of the lake, with its beautiful chain of bills, and then ceded the cold washing; and his languor was exchanged for a con
far into the country beyond it. I admired in particular the taste siderable share of vigour. The morbid heat, it is true, when thus for the picturesque, with which care had been taken to form beauremoved, is liable to return, and with it the distressing syiptoms ; tifully graduated middle distances, and with which the whole was but a repetition of the remedy is followed by the same beneficial again united by the velvety lawn, which is kept in the most admireffects as at first.
able order. The bright sunshine, now and then interrupted by Readler, let us repeat, that this simple remedy requires, and shadows of passing clouds, produced the most diversified and demands, the judgment of professional knowledge before it is striking effecis of light and shade ; so that, revelling in the enjoyemployed.
ment of the scenery, I passed some of the happiest hours of my life. Here, too, I was destined to be reconciled to artificial waterfalls, to which I am otherwise a declared enemy.-Dr. Waageni's
Art and Artists in England. An apparatus has been invented by MM. Penzoldt and Levesque, for the rapid drying of stuffs of all kinds, without fire or pressure. It consists of a double drum, which turns on its asis at the rate of four thousand times in a minute. The stuffs I have found that there is no mental pleasure like dwelling are placed in it as they come out of the water, and, by the effect of intensely for a time on one topic or one task; and that distraction rotation, the water contained between the threads is carried to and dispersion lead to fatigue and ennui. Nothing can ever be wards the external covering of the drum, which is bored with holes. superfluous which contains sound sense, or elevated or tender and Woollen stuffs are thus dried in less than three minutes, when the virtuous sentiment, expressed with manliness and force. It is apparatus is small; and in eight minutes when it is larger. Flax affectation which ruins everything; and I call everything affectaand cotton stuffs require a short exposure to the air after being tion which is imitated, but most of all which is mimicked. --Sir E. taken from the drum.-dthenæum.
DRYING OF STUFFS.
THE PLEASURE OF STUDY.
THE TRUE POET.
SILENCE NOT ALWAYS A MARK OF WISDOM. The truc poct seeks to exemplify moral truths by the rays of an inventive Silence does not always mark wisdom. I was at dinner some time ago, in imagination. There is implanted in him a spiritual being, which adds to company with a man who listened to me, and said nothing for a long time; the material world another creation invisible to vulgar eyes.-Brydges. but he nodded his head, and I thought him intelligent. At length, towards
the end of the dinner, some apple dumplings were placed on the table, and THE SHAWANESE INDIANS.
my man had no sooner seen them than he burst forth with, “ Them's the The Shawanese are the only tribe among all our Indians who claim for jockeys for me!" I wish Spurzheim could have examined the fellow's bead. themselves a foreign origin. Most of the aborigines believe their forefathers --Coleridge. ascended from holes in the earth, and many of them assign a local habita
COUNSEL OF PYTHAGORAS. tion to these traditionary places of nativity of their race ; reminding us of
It was the wise counsel of Pythagoras_“Dig not up fire with a sword:' some of the legends of antiquity, and derived perhaps from that remote
that is, period when barbarous tribes were troglodytes, subsisting upon the spon
“ Provoke not a person already swoln with anger by petulant and taneous productions of the earth. The Shawanese believe their ancestors
evil speeches."- Wicri Opera. inhabited a foreign land, which, from some unknown cause, they deter
INDIAN OPINION RESPECTING WASHINGTON. mined to abandon. They collected their people together, and marched to the sea-shore. Here various persons were selected to lead them ; but they dition, in which Washington served, he went westward a second time, on
It is related that, when, fifteen years after Braddock's unfortunate expedeclined the duty, until it was undertaken by one of the Turtle tribe. He
an exploring tour to the Ohio river, a company of Indians came to them, placed himself at the head of the procession, and walked into the sea. The
with an interpreter, at the head of whom was an aged and venerable chief. waters immediately divided, and they passed along the bottom of the ocean,
This personage made known to them, by the interpreter, that, hearing | until they reached this “ Jsland." The Shawanese have one institution
Colonel Washington was in that region, he had come a long way to visit peculiar to themselves. Their nation was originally divided into twelve tribes or bands, bearing different names. Each of these tribes was subdi
him; adding that, during the battle of the Monongahela, he had singled vided, in the usual manner, into families of the Eagle, the Turtle, &c. ;
him out as a conspicuous object, fired his rifle at him many times, and
directed his young warriors to do the same, but, to his utter astonishment, these animals constituting their totems. Two of these tribes have become extinct, and their names are forgotten. The names of the other ten are
none of their balls took effect. lle was then persuaded that the youthful preserved, but only four of these are now kept distinct. Of the six whose
hero was under the especial guardianship of the Great Spirit, and ceased
to fire at him any longer. He was now come to pay homage to the man names are preserved, but whose separate characters are lost, no descendants of one of them now survive. The remains of the other five have become
who was the particular favourite of Heaven, and who could never die in
battle.--Spark's Life of Washington. incorporated with the four existing tribes. To this day, each of the four sides of their council-houses is assigned to one of these tribes, and invari
THE ARAB STEED. ably occupied by it. To us they appear the same people, but they profess
The Bedouins appear as kind and gentle to the brute creation as they are to possess the power of discerning, at sight, to which tribe an individual
to one another, and their fond attachment to their horses is proverbial. belongs.- History of the Indians in North America.
D'Arvieux tells us a most interesting story of an Arab, who had been PAINTING.
obliged to sell his mare, making very frequently a long journey to come and Painting is the intermediate somewhat between a thought and a thing and caressing her. He would embrace her, would wipe her eyes with his
sec her. "I have seen him," says he, “cry with tenderness, whilst kissing Coleridge.
handkerchief, rub her with his shirt-sleeves, and give her a thousand MR. TIMMS OF THE TREASURY.
blessings. My eyes,' would he say to her, ‘my soul, ny heart! must I be A clerk of the Treasury dined at the Beef-steak Club, where he sat next
so unfortunate as to hare theo sold to so many masters, and not to keep so a noble Duke, who conversed freely with him. Mecting his Grace in the theo myself? I am poor, my antelope! I have brought thee up like a street some days afterwards, and encouraged by his previous familiarity, he
child; I never beat nor chid thee. God preserve thee, my dearest ! Ibu accosted him with—“Ah! my lord, how d'ye do?" The Duke looked sur
art pretty, thou art sweet, thou art lovely! God defend thee from the looks prised. “May I know, sir, to whom I have the honour of speaking?"
of the envious.' "-Addison's Damascus and Palmyra. “Oh ! why-don't you know? We dined at the Beef-steak Club—I'ın Mr. Timms of the Treasury." “ Then," said the Duke, turning on his heel,
TACITURNITY. " Mr. Timms of the Treasury, I wish you a very good morning!"
Metellus was onre asked by a young centurion, “ What design die bad now
in hand?" who told him, that, if he thought his own shirt was privy to any EFFECTS OF STEAM NAVIGATION.-EGGS.-FEATHERS. part of his counsel, he would immediately pluck it off, and burn itThe value, in money, of one seemingly unimportant article, eggs, taken
Plutarch. in the course of the year to the above two ports from Ireland, amounts to at
ETYMOLOGY. least 100,0001. The progress of this trade affords a curious illustration of the advantage of commercial facilities in stimulating production and equal.
Few have ever looked to the French word "allons" for the derivation of ising prices. Before the cstablishment of steam-vessels, the market at
the English "along" (come along); yet it is the same in sound and meanCork was most irregularly supplied with eggs from the surrounding dis
ing.-Andreros' Anecdotes. trict: at certain seasons they were exceedingly abundant and cheap, but
TRAVELLING IN 1703. these seasons were sure to be followed by periods of scarcity and high prices, and at times it is said to have been difficult to purchaso eggs at any price in
I went directly to Mrs. Goodman : sho socmed startled when I told her I the market. At the first opening of the improved channel for conveyanco
was come to take my leave of her, and that I was to set out in the l'anterto England, the residents at Cork had to complain of the constant high
bury stage at four o'clock next morning; that my things had already gona price of this and other articles of farm produce ; but, as a more extensive
to the Star inn on Fish-street Hill, where I was to lie; and that it would market was now permanently open to them, the farmers gave their attention
give me great pleasure if she would favour me with her company to brcak: to the rearing and keeping of poultry, and at the present time eggs are pro
fast at the Green Man on Blackheath, where the stage would stop, and the curable at all seasons in the market at Cork; not, it is true, at the extremely
passengers breakfast, but that she must be there by nine o'clock : this she low rate at which they could formerly be sometimes bought, but still at
faithfully promised. I set out immediately for one in the neighbourhood much less than the average price of the year. A like result has followed the
who let out coaches, and agreed with him for a chariot and four, and took introduction of this great improvement in regard to the supply and cost of
my leave. Next morning, when I came to the coach, there were but two various articles of produce. In the apparently unimportant article, feathers,
lady passengers. I perceived that one of them was a woman of fortune, it may be stated, on the respectable authority above quoted, that the yearly
two servants in livery on horseback, and the other her waiting importation into England from Ireland reaches the amount of 500,0001.
maid. Being come to the Green Man, the chariot soon came with Nirs.
Goodman, who brought another lady with her. I gave the coachman : -Porter's Progress of the Nation.
shilling to drink, desiring him to let us have as much time as he could LUTHER'S STATUE AT WITTENBERG.
spare, which he promised. We staid about an hour and a half, then we took The town-house of Wittenberg is as venerable as dilapidation and weather
leave of my cousin and her companion. Memoirs of Capt. Peter Drake. stains can make it. In front stands a bronze statue of Luther, by Schadow,
DANGEROUS. under a gothic canopy of iron, and inscribed perhaps with a double allusion :
A young man, having cut his finger, sent for a physician, who, after Ist's Gottes werk, so wird's bestehen ;
examining the wound, requested his servant to run‘as fast as possible, and Ist's menschen's, so wird's untergehen.
to get him a certain plaster.
" Oh my!" cried the patient, " is the danger If God's work, it will aye endure;
so great ?" Yes," was the reply: “if the fellow don't run fast, I'm afraid
the cut will be well before he gets back,"—Nero York Mirror. If man's, 'tis not a moment sure. The divine spirit of genius within the statue will scarce render it immortal:
A MIRACLE. clumsy and characteristic, it expresses the massive vulgarity of Luther's
An old Irish beggarman, pretending to be dumb, was utterly disconcerted mind well, but destroys all reverence for the original, and makes affection
by the sudden question,
“- Ilow many years have you been dumb?” “ Five ridiculous : if Protestant art keeps to this unarniable style in representing
years, last St. Jolin's Eve, please your honour."-Old Newspaper. sanctified personages, image worship is impossible, and the Virgin herself might be admitted into our churches without fear of producing one idolator. London: WILLIAM SMITH, 113, Fleet Street. Yet Schadow ranks high among German sculptors.-Athenccum.
Dublin: CURRY & Co.--Printed by Bradbury & Erans, Whitefriars
FIFTH ARTICLE.-DIMENSIONS AND VALUE OF A SEVENTY-
THE BRITISH NAVY.
provisions, are stowed in holds, which are divided into compartments, called the coal-hole, fore, main, and after holds, spirit and breadrooms. The heaviest substances are placed as near the middle as
possible, and at each extremity the powder is stored in the fore and " Britannia needs no bulwarks,
after magazines, which are approached by passages, and secured by No towers along the steep :
strong doors, never opened until every fire and light in the ship, Her march is o'cr the mountain wave, Her home is on the decp.”
except the argand lamp which lights the magazine, (the socket of
which is surrounded with water,) have been carefully extinguished. BEFORE leaving harbour, some description of our ship's dimen
The holds are entered by hatchways, (open spaces about seven sions and the principal materials on board will doubtless be acceptable to the reader. The burthen then is 1741 tons, length which nothing but ballast and water are stowed, the hatches which
feet square,) and with the exception of the fore and main holds, in on deck 176 feet, extreme breadth 48 feet 2 inches, depth in hold
cover these are locked down, and never opened but at stated periods, 21 feet, draught of water, (that is, portion immersed,) about 22 feet. 180,000 feet of timber are used in the fabric, and of this,
in presence of the proper officers.
As the orlop-deck is only partially immersed below the water nearly 3000 loads, or 150,000 feet, are oak; it requires two thousand well-grown trees, of two tons weight each, to produce this quantity, all around it, and here the carpenter and his crew take their post
linc, a space of about five feet wide is left next to the ship's side and supposing them to grow at two rods apart, or forty on each statute acre, the produce of fifty acres is consumed in constructing in battle, ready to plug up holes made by shot near to or under the
water line, technically called “between wind and water;" and a ship of this class. The part immersed is covered with 3206 sheets of copper, weighing 12 tons 14 cwt., and the total value of the vessel, particularly when the ship was inclined over by the pressure of the
which would, if not stopped, admit leakage to a dangerous extent, when completely furnished for foreign service, is £90,000.
wind on her sails. The sides of the orlop-deck are frequently The expense of maintaining the crew in wages and victuals is
whitewashed, particularly in warm climates. £27,500 per annum. All vessels from 64 to 120 guns are called indifferently Ships of this the heaviest battery of cannon is arranged, consisting of four
The next deck above the orlop is called the “lower deck;" on the Line, Liners, or Line of Battle Ships. Those distinguished as
teen guns on each side, reaching from one end to the other. The two-deckers, have two complete batteries from end to end, independent of lighter guns in other positions, and they are rated from deck is aired and lighted by port-holes, (open spaces two feet nine
high by three feet five broad,) through which the guns are pointed Three-deckers have three unbroken batteries on each side of the ship, besides the guns on the quarter-deck, poop, water's edge when the ship is stored, and would admit water, if not
when discharged; but as these are not more than six feet above the and forecastle.
filled up when the vessel was inclined by the wind, or the sea high, But every ship-of-war has another deck between that which sus. tains the lower battery, and the hold, called the orlop-deck; the they are covered with hanging shutters called ports, which may be fore part of which is occupied by the gunner, boatswain, and opened and shut at pleasure ; and the joints being lined with thick carpenter's store-rooms, and the fore cock-pit, around which the flannel, are, when barred down, nearly water-tight, and strong
enough to resist the force of the elements. For greater convecabins of those officers are situated. Next to the fore cock-pit are the cable tiers on each side, wherein the hempen cables are coiled, nience, these ports have small apertures called scuttles, which the middle part being occupied by the room for stowing the spare bull's-eyes, which at all times admit the light
admit the air when opened, and also strong pieces of glass called sails, called the sail room ; for every ship carries to sea a complete suit of sails, consisting of three of each principal sort, so as always messed and berthed, with the exception of the captain, the ward
It is on this lower deck that the whole ship's company are to have two in reserve—and two of the lighter sorts, leaving one in reserve.
Next to the tiers is the after cock-pit, surrounded by room, and warrant officers, who occupy cabins, and the “gentlethe cabins of the surgeon, purser, and marine officer—the dispen- men” who sleep in the cockpit and the tiers.
The seamen's mess tables are placed between the guns, beginning sary, and several store-rooms; and at the foot of the ladder which in the fore part of the ship; and adjoining them and extending to communicates with the deck above, is situated the purser's the gun-room (the gentlemen's mess place) are the marines. The stewardsroom, where provisions are weighed out to the different hammocks (beds) are suspended from the beams, being eighteen or messes. The scene presented on these occasions is not unlike that
twenty inches asunder ; a small space, but as every alternate one 50 graphically described by Smollett in Roderick Random nearly a
belongs to the watch on deck, and therefore vacant, it is found century ago, except that greater order and cleanliness are now appa- sufficient. These hammocks are a kind of sack, suspended at each rent in this and every part of a ship-of-war.
end, and in the morning they are lashed up in a long roll something Under the orlop-deck, the ballast, coals, chain cables, water, and in the form of a bolster, carried on deck, and stowed around the Ships of 60 guns now only exist in the navies of Holland, Denmark, and quarter-deck, waist, and forecastle, in painted cloths which protect Sweden, their light draught of water fitting them better than larger vessels
them from the wet. The junior lieutenant's and chaplain's cabins are for the Baltic and North Seas. They have been excluded from the British
on each side of the gun-room, and there is a partition called a
60* to 90 guns.
and French navies.
Bradbury and Evans, Printers, Whitefriars,