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his sanguinary calculation ; but a mist was before her eyes—she Their tables were profusely spread with golden plates, and vessels could not count—then she closed them, wondering she had not of gold and silver fashioned by the hands of Grecian artists. The relapsed into insensibility, and offered up a fervent prayer for his monarch alone preserved the superior pride of adhering to the preservation—it was heard, for when she again dared to look, the simplicity of his Scythian ancestors. The dress of Attila, hia fatal wand had touched a captive within two of Gaudentius ! Fifty arms, and the furniture of his horse, were plain without ornament, of the hapless prisoners were now ranged beside the altar, and the and of a uniform colour ; the royal table was served in wooden horrible rites were continued by their unresisted slaughter. One cups and platters, flesh was his only food, and the conqueror of by one they fell beneath the sacrificial knife, whilst the priests the North never tasted the luxury of bread. He listened with chanted in a monotonous tone the following words :

favourable attention to the Roman ambassadors, and the deliver“Sword of the Deity, before thee lie

ance of Italy was purchased by the immense ransom or dowry of The chosen victims-streams of precious gore

the princess Honoria. But the king of the Huns threatened to Have curled around thee--now we close the rites,

return, more dreadful and more implacable, if the bride were not We seek thine augury. Oh hear our prayer,

delivered to his messengers within the time stipulated by the treaty. Thou that partak'st the spirit of the God

In the mean time, ere he returned to Scythia, he determined to add That wielded thet ! and show us signs

to the number of his wives a beautiful maiden named Ildico, and Propitious to our arms. So at thy shrine,

his marriage was to be celebrated with unusual magnificence. Chosen from the approaching field of death, shall bleed The fairest, bravest, noblest of the race

This young girl was a Vandal, whose entire family had been deThat dares oppose thy worshippers."

stroyed with circumstances of peculiar barbarity by Attila ; her

exquisite beauty had saved her life, and the Scythian monarch, But three prisoners at length remained, the loftiest in stature who had been struck by it, had long intended to make her his and the fairest in countenance of all the number, they had been wife. But shortly after her captivity she had been afflicted with a selected as the victims from whom the auguries were to be drawn. lingering disorder, that baffled the skill of the physicians of Whilst life yet quivered in their limbs, after they had received the camp, which contained many of different nations, who were their death stroke, the chief priest cut off the right arm of each, always treated with respect, and who sometimes gamed their and tossing it on the pile, marked with eager eyes the manner of liberty from the barbarians whom their art had succoured. its descent. The disgusting and detestable ceremony was then Serena had, in happier days, made the healing art her principal concluded in a manner worthy of its commencement, by scruti- study, and both from her uncle and her mother had learned many nising into the entrails of the victims, and closely examining even valuable medical secrets. She heard the illness of the beautiful their bones, from which the hands of Attila himself cleared away Ildico much spoken of, and asked permission to see her. She was the flesh. At length the monarch was told in mysterious language not long in discovering that her illness proceeded as much from to expect a defeat in the approaching battle. But nothing could mental as bodily causes. She endeavoured to breathe some con. daunt bis savage courage : he harangued his troops with more solation into her soul, but the unhappy girl at first seemed not to than usual animation, and when, at length, hardly conquered in hear her, and then with a flashing eye and crimsoned cheek asked, the conflict which ensued, a conflict fierce, various, obstinate, and what consolation there was for her, whose friends, parents, and bloody, he retired with his soldiers within the circle of waggons lover were slaughtered before her eyes, "* except," added she, “ the that fortified the camp, and collecting the saddles and rich furni- glory of becoming the bride of Attila.”. These last words were ture of the cavalry, heaped them into a funeral pile, determining, uttered with a degree of bitterness and anguish combined, that if his entrenchments should be forced, to set fire to it, and, by drew tears from the eyes of Serena. She spoke to her of Christian rushing headlong into the flames, deprive his enemies of the glory patience and resignation. “I am not a Christian,” exclaimed and satisfaction they might acquire by the death or captivity of | Ildico, “talk not to me of patience, but revenge! Young Attila. But it was not the will of Heaven that he should as yet Christian maiden, there is in your voice and in those tears which cease from ravaging the earth. His enemies were too much dis- you have shed for me, that which inspires me with a degree of conabled, even by victory, to cope again with their formidable anta- fidence in you that I myself wonder at. I do not wish to die yet, gonist, who seemed like a lion encompassed in his den, and though existence is a curse. Iry your skill in restoring me to threatening his hunters with redoubled fury. The Huns were health ; your reward shall be a rich one : for Attila will not refuse allowed to retreat unmolested beyond the Rhine ; and neither any recompense I may ask for her who shall restore to its former the spirit nor the forces of Attila were diminished by his Gallic bloom this fatal beauty." From this time she was assiduously expedition.

attended by Serena, who administered to her several medicines of Serena and two morc of the fairest captives had been presented her own preparing, and either from their virtue, or the wish to live a3 slaves worthy to attend on Attila's favourite wife, Circa, who that seemed once more to inspire her, in less than a month Ildico accompanied him in his expeditions, and who saw without repin- appeared well, and beautiful as ever. She became much attached ing several rivals given to her in his household, secure of the to Serena, who endeavoured to impart to her some of the truths of authority she would still retain as mother of his eldest son. She Christianity ; but humility, patience, and above all, forgiveness of treated her numerous slaves, on whom she prided herself as being our enemies, were doctrines to which she would not listen, or if chiefly Romans of noble birth, with kindness, the principal em- she did, it was with impatience, as if fearful of being convinced. ployment of herself and her damsels being that of working the The time was now fixed when Ildico was to become one of the variegated embroidery which adorned the dress of the barbaric many wives of Attila, it was shortly after his interview with the warriors; and Serena, captive though she was, felt deeply grateful Roman ambassadors, and she told Serena to name her reward for to Heaven for having preserved her from a much worse fate, when the care bestowed in restoring her to health. Serena then conshe saw unhappy Christian maidens forced to become the wives of fided to the grateful convalescent her own sad story, and said she their savage captors.

only wished for ber own liberty and that of Gaudentius, who she Some months passed on thus, and Attila had advanced nearly to hoped might yet be in the camp. “If he yet lives, he shall be the gates of Rome, breathing vengeance against the devoted city, restored to you,” exclaimed Ildico, "and I shall enjoy one moment if the princess Honoria, sister of the emperor Valentinian, whose of happiness in beholding yours.” She then desired an interview rich dowry excited his avarice, were not given to him in marriage. with Attila, who instantly granted her request, and ordered that What an insult to the majesty of the queen of the world-impe- any Roman slaves in the camp who were named Gaudentius rial Rome! But the luxury and vices of her governors had should appear. When Serena heard that six answered to the name, gradually undermined her strength, and she, who once gave laws and amongst them she was to look for her Gaudentius, she could to the world, was now forced to receive them from a barbarian. scarcely find strength sufficient to walk to the place where they

was sent to the camp of Attila, offering to accede to were assembled, so much did she dread a disappointment. At his proposals within a certain time, provided he would evacuate length she ventured, threw back her veil, and the next instant was Italy, and form a permanent peace with the empire. The Roman clasped to the heart of her long-lost lover, who little thought, when ambassadors were introduced into the tents of Attila, which were he was thus summoned, what happiness awaited him. pitched by the banks of the softly-winding Mincius, whilst his For the first time Serena saw a tear in the brilliant eye of Ildico, Scythian cavalry trampled the farms of Catullus and Virgil. The as she turned to thank her. Happy Serena !” were the only Huns were ambitious of displaying their riches, which were the words she uttered, and then retired. When Serena again sought fruits and evidence of their victories ; the trappings of their horses, her, she insisted on bestowing upon her the richest gifts which their swords, and even their shoes, were studded with precious the magnificent presents of Attila had left at her disposal, and stones, which had once sparkled on the necks and arms of noble then requested that she and Gaudentius would not depart until the

or adorned the swords and helmets of their husbands. I day succeeding her own nuptials. These took place in two days

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from thence : Ildico, magnificently clad, and sparkling with royal

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. jewels, was conducted to the tent of Attila by a numerous band of women, who walked in files, and held aloft veils of thin white linen, which formed a kind of canopy, beneath which walked the

LADY FANSHAWE. bride, surrounded by a chorus of young maidens, who chanted LADY FANSHAWE, one of those noble-minded females whose hymns and songs in the Scythian language. The marriage cere- characters are models for their sex, wrote a memoir of her life (ia mony was succeeded by a gorgeous feast, celebrated with barbaric the year 1676,) for the instruction of her only surviving son, Sir pomp and festivity ; on its conclusion, the bride was led to her chamber, at the threshold of which she dismissed her attendants, descendants; and at last was printed in 1829. From this publi

Richard Fansbawe. The MS. of this work was preserved by her and turning round, tenderly embraced Serena, who could hardly avoid shrinking and shuddering at the expression of her eyes-it cation, the following brief sketch is taken. was an almost indescribable mixture of haughty triumph, wildness, “ Your father,” says Lady Fanshawe, addressing her son, “ was resolution, and despair. Yet dazzled by her beauty and splendid Sir Richard Fanshawe, knight and baronet, one of the masters of appearance, none had marked that fearful expression but Serena. the requests, secretary of the Latin tongue, burgess for the

Attila indulged that night in wine, to a degree that was unusual university of Cambridge, and one of his majesty's most honourable in him, and was rather carried than led to his bridal chamber. His privy council of England and Ireland, and his majesty's ambasattendants were alarmed the next day by the unwonted length of sador to Portugal and Spain. He married me, the eldest daughter his repose, and after attempting in vain' to call him forth by loud of Sir John Harrison, knight, of Balls, in the county of Hertford; and repeated cries, at last broke into the royal chamber, where he was married at thirty-tive years of age, and lived with me they beheld the king stretched lifeless on the nuptial couch, bathed twenty-three years and twenty-nine days, and lies buried in a new in the blood that flowed from a deep wound near the region of the vault I purchased of Humphrey, lord bishop of London, in heart. Beside the bed sat the bride wrapt in her veil, motionless St. Mary's chapel of Ware, near his ancestors, over which I built as a statue, and still grasping firmly a small dagger stained to the him a monument." very hilt with gore. She never spoke in answer to the questions Lady Fanshawe was born in London, in the year 1625. In her put to her, and bore the tortures, to which the revenge of the Huns youth she was taught working all sorts of fine work with her subjected her, with unshaken fortitude, dying with a smile of needle, learning French, singing, the lute, virginals, and dancing. triumph on her lips.

“ Notwithstanding,” she says, “I learned as most did, yet was I The body of Attila was solemnly exposed under a silken pavilion wild to that degree, that the hours of my beloved recreation took in the midst of a plain, whilst a' chosen squadron of the Huns up too much of my time ; for I loved riding in the first place, runwheeled around him in measured evolutions, chanting a funeral ning, and all active pastimes ; in short, I was that which we graver hymn to the memory of their hero, the scourge of his enemies, people call a hoyting girl. But to be just to myself, I never did and the terror of the world. The barbarians then cut off a part of mischief to myself or people, nor one immodest word or action in their hair, and gashed their faces with unseemly'wounds, bewailing myölife, though skipping and activity was my delight. Upon my their leader as they said he deserved, not with the tears of women, mother's death I then began to reflect; and, as an offering to her but with the blood of warriors. The remains of Attila were memory, I flung away those little childnesses that had formerly privately buried at night, enclosed in three coffins of gold, silver, possessed me; and, by my father's command, took upon me charge and iron ; a small river was turned from its course, a deep grave of his house and family, which I so ordered by my excellent hollowed in its dry bed, the spoils of nations were thrown into it mother's example, as found acceptance in his sight. I was very along with the royal body, the stream was allowed again to flow well beloved by all our relations and my mother's friends, whom I over it ; and lest the spot should be known, and the sepulchre paid a great respect to, and I was ever ambitious to keep the best violated by avarice or revenge, every captive who had assisted in company, which I have done, I thank God, all the days of my preparing it was inhumanly murdered, whilst the same Huns who life." had just shown such immoderate grief, feasted with dissolute and When the civil war broke out, Lady Fanshawe's father, Sir John intemperate mirth on the banks of the river that flowed over and Harrison, took the Royalist side ; and, after being plundered of concealed the recent tomb of their monarch

his property, went to Oxford in 1643, where the court then was. As the last acts of their king were held sacred, the liberty of “My father commanded my sister and myself to come to him at Serena and Gaudentius was not disputed; they had no difficulty Oxford ; and we, that had till that hour lived in great plenty and in leaving the camp, and returning to Orleans, found in their union great order, found ourselves like fishes out of the water, and the a consolation for past sorrows, and spent a life of peace, and of scene so changed, that we knew not at all how to act any part but still renewed and fervent gratitude to the divine power that had obedience : for, from as good a house as any gentleman of England brought them through so many dangers into a haven of safe and had, we came to a baker's house in an obscure street, and from happy rest; whilst they often reflected with pious awe on the rooms well furnished, to lie in a very bad bed in a garret, to one inscrutable ways of Providence, which had first humbled the dish of meat, and that not the best ordered, no money, for we were haughtiest of nations by the arm of a cruel barbarian, had permitted as poor as Job, nor clothes more than a man or two brought in him to attain unlimited sway and power beyond a!l human control, their cloak-bags. We had the perpetual discourse of losing and and then, when his crimes and pride were at their height, in one gaining towns and men; at the windows the sad spectacle of war, instant, and by the weakest arm, had cut off from the face of sometimes plague, sometimes sicknesses of other kind, by reason of the earth the unconquered Attila, “ the scourge of God.”

so many people being packed together ; always in want: yet I must needs say that most bore it with a martyr-like cheerfulness."

Lady Fanshawe was married to Sir Richard Fanshawe in 1644.

“ None was at our wedding but my dear father, who, at my mother's Sir Henry FANSHAWE had a horse that the then Earl of desire, gave me her wedding-ring, with which I was married, and Exeter was much pleased with, and Sir Henry esteemed, because my sister Margaret, and my brother and sister Boteler, Sir he deserved it. My lord, after some apology, desired Sir Henry Edward Hyde, afterwards Lord Chancellor, and Sir Geoffery to let him have his horse, and he would give him what he would. Palmer, the king's attorney. Before I was married, my husband He replied, “My lord, I have no thoughts of selling him but to was sworn Secretary of War to the Prince (Charles II.] now our serve you : I bought him of such a person, and gave so much for king, with a promise from Charles I. to be preferred as soon as him, and that shall be my price to you as I paid, being sixty occasion offered it, but both his fortune and my promised portion, picces.” My Lord Exeter said, “That's too much, but I will which was made £10,000, were both at that time in expectation, give you, Sir Henry, fifty." To which he made no answer. Next and we might truly be called merchant adventurers, for the stock day, my lord sent a gentleman with sixty pieces ; but Sir Henry we set up our trading with did not amount to twenty pounds made answer,

" That was the price he paid, and once had offered betwixt us : but, however, it was to us as a little piece of armour bim, my lord, at; but not being accepted, the price was now is against a bullet, which, if it be right placed, though no bigger

At the receiving of this answer, my Lord Exeter than a shilling, serves as well as a whole suit of armour ; so our stormed, and sent his servant back with seventy pieces. Sir stock bought pen, ink, and paper, which was your father's trade, Henry said, that, since my lord would not like him at eighty and by it, I assure you, we lived better than those that were born pieces, he would not sell him under a hundred pieces ; and if he to £2000 a year, as long as he had his liberty." returned with less, he would not sell him at all. * Upon which my Lady Fanshawe's husband, Sir Richard, had an adventure in his Lord Exeter sent one hundred pieces, and had the horse. --Lady youth, which his wife thus narrates. He went over to Paris, to Fanshawe's Memoirs.

visit some relations, Lord Strangford, and others. "The whole



stock he carried with him was eighty pieces of gold, and French | if I communicate the prince's affairs; and pray thee with this silver to the value of five pounds in his pocket; his gold was answer rest satisfied.' So great was his reason and goodness, that quilted in his doublet; he went by post to lodgings in the upon consideration it made my folly appear to me so vile, that Fauxbourg St. Germain, with an intent to rest that night, and the from that day until the day of his death, I never thought fit to ask next day to find out his kindred: but the devil, that never sleeps, him any business but what he communicated freely to me in order so ordered it, that two friars entered the chamber wherein he was, to his estate or family.” and welcoming him, being his countrymen, invited him to play, he The plague increased so much in Bristol during the summer of innocently only intending diversion, till his supper was ready. 1645, that the prince and all his retinue went to Barnstaple. But that was not their design, for having engaged him, they left “But the prince's affairs calling him from that place, we went to him not as long as he was worth a groat, which, when they disco- Launceston, in Cornwall, and thither came very many gentlemen vered, they gave him five pieces of his money until he could of that county to do their duties to his highness." “ From recruit himself by his friends, which he did the next day; and thence the court removed to Pendennis Castle, some time comfrom that time forward never played for a piece. It came to pass manded by Sir Nicholas Slanning, who lost his life bravely in the that seven years after, my husband being in Huntingdonshire, at a king's service, and left an excellent name behind him.” Another bowling-green, with many persons of quality, one in the company remove was considered necessary ; the prince crossing from the was called Captain Taller. My husband, who had a very quick Lands-end to the Scilly Isles, followed, among others, by Sir and piercing eye, marked him much, as knowing his face, and Richard Fanshawe and his wife. Besides being obliged to leave found, through his peruke wig, and scarlet cloak, and buff suit, household valuables in the care of a false friend, who never that his name was neither Captain nor Taller, but the honest accounted for them, (though Lady Fanshawe estimated their value Jesuit called Friar Sherwood, that had cheated him of the greatest at 2001.) they were robbed on their passage. “We having put all part of his money, and after had lent him the five pieces ; so your our present estate into two trunks, and carried them aboard with father went to him, and gave him his five pieces, and said, ' Father us in a ship commanded by Sir Nicholas Crispe, whose skill and Sherwood, I know you, and you know this ; at which he was honesty the master and seamen had no opinion of, my husband was extremely surprised, and begged of your father not to discover forced to appease their mutiny which his miscarriage caused ; and him, for his life was in danger."

taking out money to pay the seamen, that night following they Lady Fanshawe's first child was a son, who died an infant of a broke open one of our trunks, and took out a bag of 601, and a few days old. At this time, her husband had been obliged to leave quantity of gold lace, with our best clothes and linen, with all my her, which, being their first separation, under critical circum- combs, gloves, and ribbons, which amounted to near 3001. more. stances, affected her very much, and she was ill for a considerable The next day, after having been pillaged, and extremely sick, and time. He sent for her, to come to him at Bristol; and when she big with child, I was set on shore almost dead in the Island of arrived, "he with all expressions of joy received me in his arms, Scilly; when we had got to our quarters near the castle, where the and gave me a hundred pieces of gold, saying, “I know that thou, prince lay, I went immediately to bed, which was so vile, that my that keeps my heart so well, will keep my fortune, which from this footman ever lay in a better, and we had but three in the whole time I will ever put into thy hands, as God shall bless me with house, which consisted of four rooms, or rather partitions, two low increase.' And now I thought myself a perfect queen, and my rooms, and two little lofts, with a ladder to go up: in one of these hushand so glorious a crown, that I more valued myself to be called they kept dried fish, which was his trade, and in this my husband's by his name than born a princess, for I knew him very wise and two clerks lay, one there was for my sister, and one for myself, very good, and his soul doated on me, upon which confidence I will and one amongst the rest of the servants ; but when I waked in tell you what happened. My Lady Rivers, a brave woman, and the morning, I was so cold I knew not what to do; but the dayone that had suffered many thousand pounds loss for the king, light discovered that my bed was near swimming with the sea, and whom I had a great reverence for, and she a kindness for me which the owner told us afterwards it never did so but at springas a kinswoman, in discourse she tacitly commended the know- tide. With this we were destitute of clothes, and meat, and fuel ledge of state affairs, and that some women were very happy in a ---for half the court, to serve them a month ; they were not to be good understanding thereof, and that none was at first sight more had in the whole island, and truly we begged our daily bread of capable than I. In the night she knew there came a post from God, for we thought every meal our last. The council sent for Paris from the queen, and that she would be extremely glad to provisions to France, which served us, but they were bad, and a hear what the queen commanded the king in order to his affairs; little of them; then, after three weeks and odd days, we set sail saying, if I would ask my husband privately, he would tell me for the Isle of Jersey, where we safely arrived, praised be God, what he found in the packet, and I'might tell her. I that was beyond the belief of all the beholders from that island; for the young and innocent, and to that day had never in my mouth what pilot not knowing the way into the harbour, sailed over the rocks, nevs, began to think there was more in inquiring in to public but being spring-tide, and by chance high water, God be praised, affairs than I thought of, and that it being a fashionable thing his highness and all of us came safe ashore through so great a would make me more beloved of my husband, if that had been danger. Sir George Carteret was lieutenant-governor of the possible, than I was. When my husband returned home from island, under my lord St. Albans, a man formerly bred a sea-boy, council, after welcoming me, as his custom ever was, he went and born in that island, the brother's son of Sir Philip Carteret, with his handful of papers into his study for an hour or more; i whose younger daughter he afterwards married. He endeavoured, followed him ; he turned hastily, and said, “What wouldst thou with all his power, to entertain his highness and court with all have, my life?' I told him, I heard the prince had received a plenty and kindness possible, both which the island afforded, and packet from the queen, and I guessed it was that in his hand, and what was wanting he sent for out of France.". I desired to know what was in it. He smilingly replied, "My Lady Fanshawe's second child was born in Jersey. Sir Richard love, I will immediately come to thee, pray thee go, for I am very lost his situation when the prince went from Jersey to Paris. He busy.' When he came out of his closet, I revived my suit ; he afterwards went over to Caen, and from thence sent his wife to kissed me, and talked of other things. At supper I would eat England, to try and raise money out of the wreck of their fortunes. nothing ; he as usual sat by me, and drank often to me, which "This was the first time I had taken a journey without your was his custom, and was full of discourse to company that was at father, and the first manage of business he ever put into my table. Going to bed, I asked again, and said I could not believe hands, in which I thank God I had complete success ; for lodging he loved me if he refused to tell me all he knew-but he answered in Fleet-street, at Mr. Eates the watchmaker, with my sister nothing, but stopped my mouth with kisses. So we went to bed, Boteler, I procured by the means of Colonel Copley, a great parI cried, and he went to sleep. Next morning, early, as his custom liament man, whose wife had formerly been obliged to our family, was, he called to rise, but began to discourse with me first, to a pass for your father to come and compound for 3001., which was which I made no reply; he rose, came on the other side of the bed, a part of my fortune. When your father was come he was very and kissed me, and drew the curtains softly, and went to court. private in London, for he was in daily fears to be imprisoned before When he came home to dinner, he presently came to me, as was he could raise money to go back again to his master, who was not usual, and when I had him by the hand, I said, “Thou dost not then in a condition to maintain him." care to see me troubled,' to which he, taking me in his arms, While Charles I. was at Hampton Court, shortly before his answered, “My dearest soul, nothing on earth can afflict me like execution, Lady Fanshawe “ went three times to pay my duty to that, and when you asked me of my business, it was wholly out of him, both as I was the daughter of his servant, and the wife of his my power to satisfy thee : for my life and fortune shall be thine, servant. The last time I ever saw him, when I took my leave, I and every thought of my heart in which the trust I am in may not could not refrain weeping: when he had saluted me, I prayed to be revealed; but my honour is my own, which I cannot preserve, / God to preserve his majesty with long life and bappy years; he




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| atted me on the cheek, and said, “Child, if God pleaseth it shall metropolis. During this period of eight years, both Sir Richard le so, but both you and I must submit to God's will, and you and Lady Fanshawe suffered from personal illnesses and family know in what hands I am in,' then turning to your father, he bereavements. On the news of Cromwell's death, in 1658, Sir žaid, “ Be sure, Dick, to tell my son all that I have said, and Richard, on pretence of becoming tutor to the son of the Earl of deliver those letters to my wife ; pray God bless her! I hope I Pembroke, whilst on his travels, obtained leave to quit England. shall do well ;' and taking him in his arms, said, “Thou hast ever Lady Fanshawe tried to get leave to join him, but was told that been an honest man, and I hope God will bless thee, and make her husband had obtained his liberty by a trick, but that neither thee a happy servant to my son, whom I have charged in my letter she nor her children should stir. She then went to the office to continue his love and trust to you;' adding, 'I do promise you, where passes were granted; and,“ with as ill mien and tone as I that if ever I am restored to my digrity I will bountifully reward could express, I told a fellow I found in the office, that I desired a you both for your service and sufferings.' Thus did we part from pass for Paris to go to my husband. Woman, what is your husthat glorious sun, that within a few months after was murdered, to band and your name ?' • Sir,' said I, with many courtesies," he the grief of all Christians that were not forsaken by God.” is a young merchant, and my name is Ann Harrison.' (Her

We reluctantly pass over Lady Fanshawe's adventures, as told maiden name.) Well,' said he, it will cost you a crown.' Said by herself, for our space is limited. She followed her husband to 1, That is a great sum for me; but pray put in a man, my maid, France, where she lived for some time in Paris amongst the suite and three children: all which he immediately did, telling me a of the royal refugees. Sir Richard then sent her to England once malignant would give him five pounds for such a pass. more, to try to raise money. She afterwards met him in Ireland, “I thanked him kindly, and so went immediately to my lodgwhere they spent some months, living in a house near Cork. The ings; and with my pen I made the great H of Harrison two is, news of Cromwell coming over to reduce Ireland compelled them and the rrs an n, and the i an s, and the s an h, and the o au, to shift their quarters. During this time," she says, in her own so completely that none could find out the change. With all exquisitely unaffected language, " I had, by the fall of a stumbling speed I hired a barge, and that night, at six o'clock, I went to horse (being with child), broke my left wrist, which, because it Gravesend, and from thence by coach to Dover, wbere, upon my was ill-set, put me to great and long pain, and I was in my bed arrival, the searchers came and demanded my pass, which they when Cork revolted. By chance that day my husband was gone were to keep for their discharge. When they had read it, they on business to Kinsale: it was in the beginning of November, said, “Madam, you may go when you please.' But, says one, • I 1650. At midnight I heard the great guns go off, and thereupon little thought they would give a pass to so great a malignant, I called up my family to rise, which I did as well as I could in that especially in so troublesome a time as this.'" She got over to condition. Hearing lamentable shrieks of men, women, and Calais, and had narrowly escaped detention ; for, her leaving children, I asked at window the cause ; they told me they were London having been known, “ a post was sent to stay me." all Irish, stripped and wounded, and turned out of the town, and Sir Richard and Lady Fanshawe had an interview with Charles that Colonel Jeffries, with some others, had possessed themselves II., at Combes, near Paris. At the restoration, they returned of the town for Cromwell.” She obtained a pass from Jeffries, but with him to England. “So great were the acclamations and Cromwell was disappointed, when he was informed that the numbers of people, that it reached like one street from Dover to Fansliawes had been allowed to escape.

Whitehall. We lay that night at Dover, and the next day we went Sir Richard Fanshawe was sent by the prince (now Charles II.) in Sir Arnold Brem's coach towards London, where, on Sunday to Spain, with letters to Philip IV., and his ambassadors at the night, we came to a house in the Savoy. My niece, Fanshawe, Spanish court-Lord Cottington and Sir Edward Hyde. On then lay in the Strand, where I stood to see the king's entry with their voyage, the ship in which they sailed was menaced by a his brothers,—surely the most pompous show that ever was; Turkislı galley. The women were ordered to keep below. “This for the hearts of all men in this kingdom moved at his will." beast (the captain) locked me up in the cabin : I knocked and Sir Richard Fanshawe was relurned to Parliament for the called long to no purpose, until at length the cabin-boy came and university of Cambridge. He was afterwards sent to Portugal opened the door. 1, all in tears, begged him to be so good as to twice, on special missions; and, in 1664, was appointed ambassagive me his blue thrum cap he wore, and his tarred coat; which he dor to the court of Madrid. In 1665 he was recalled, through the did, and I gave him half-a-crown; and putting them on, and intrigues (as Lady Fanshawe affirms) of “the Lord Chancellor flinging away my night-clothes, I crept up softly, and stood upon Clarendon and his party,” and the Earl of Sandwich sent in his the deck by my husband's side, as free from sickness and fear as, place. After Sir Richard had introduced the earl to the Spanish I confess, from discretion : but it was the effect of that passion court, and was preparing for his journey from Madrid to England, which I could never master."

he“ was taken ill with an ague, but turned to malignant fever,'' of The “ Turks' man-of-war” tacked about, unwilling to engage; which he died; and Lady Fanshawe had the melancholy task of and, "when your father saw it convenient to retreat, looking upon sending his body to England ; where she herself, with her family, me, he blessed himself, and snatched me up in his arms, saying, shortly afterwards arrived. • Good God! that love can make this change !' and, though he The rest of her life was spent in seclusion. Her affections, seemingly chid me, he would laugh at it as often as he remembered deprived of their chief, concentrated themselves on her family, and that voyage."

for the use of her son she wrote her autobiography. She died on Sir Richard Fanshawe was unsuccessful in his mission to the the 20th of January, 1648, in her fifty-fifth year. Spanish court, which was to raise a sum of money. He returned to France towards the end of the year 1650. He asterwards joined Charles II. and the royalist forces in Scotland, while his

Why should we so much despyse wife went secretly to London. Here she remained seven months,

So good and holy an exercise, " and in that time I did not go abroad seven times.” At last she

As dailie and late received intelligence that her husband was taken prisoner at the

To meditate battle of Worcester. He was brought to London, and kept “in a

Where we drink tobacco ? little room in a bowling green,' at Whitehall; and, during his imprisonment, Lady Fanshawe“ failed not constantly to go, when

The earthen pype, so lillie whyte, the clock struck four in the morning, with a dark lantern in my

Doth show thou art a mortall wighte; hand, all alone and on foot, from my lodging in Chancery-lane, to

Yea, even suche

Brocke with a tuche : Whitehall, in at the entry that went out of King.street into the bowling-green. There I would go under his window, and softly

Thus think, then drink tobacco. call him; he (after the first time excepted) never failed to put out

And when the smoak ascends on hye, his head at the first call. Thus we talked together; and some

Think on this earthlie vanitye times I was so wet with the rain, that it went in at my neck and

Of worldlie stuff, out at my heels. He directed me how I should make my ad

Gon with a puff : dresses, which I ever did, to their general, Cromwell, who had a

Thus think, then drink tobacco. great respect for your father, and would have bought him off to his

Lastlie the ashes left behind service upon any terms.

Doe daylie serve to move the mind, By her exertions, Sir Richard was allowed to go out on bail.

That ashes and dust During the whole term of Cromwell's protectorate, they lived in

Becume we must : retirement, in different parts of England, but mostly in London ;

Thus think, then drink tobacco. ha, at one time, being forbidden to go five miles beyond the 'From the Bannatyne MS, in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh.






vidual nobles and clergy who had escaped. The French revolution ANIMAL MAGNETISM.

had now broken out, and Anarchy commenced her reign of terror and blood.

Like others of his order, the Marquis de Puységur was FURTEER PROGRESS OF ANIMAL MAGNETISM, WITH ITS

obliged to attend to his personal safety. His practice of animal

magnetism was therefore suspended until more favourable times. The announcement of the discovery of magnetic somnambulism, The same cause put an end to the labours of all contemporary together with a string of facts corroborative of the power it con- professors of the same art, and the practice of somnambulism was ferred of supplying the deficiencies of medical science, caused a known only by name as a thing which had existed. prodigious sensation in the French capital. Fashion again seized During the exacerbation of the revolutionary fever, animal upon animal magnetism, and, in spite of the opposition of the magnetism slept the slumber of neglect, without evincing either

somnambulism or somniloquacity. But a new order of things medical profession, whose members were at length compelled to yield, whilst many of them began to practise the new art, every | anarchy, constructed

The genius of Napoleon Bonaparte having overthrown

strong and protecting government, which one flocked to the priestesses of somnambulism, to discover, from admitted to a certain station, in the new form which society had their oracles, the unknown disease with which he was afflicted. naturally assumed in France, the still surviving remnant of the old Two treatises, long since forgotten, were written to show that the order of nobles. No sooner was the imperial government estaDelphic oracles of old were given under the effect of animal mag- blished, than the Marquis de Puységur resumed bis magnetic netism; one enthusiast even went so far as to allege that this was

labours, and the mysteries of somnambulism began once more to the agent employed by our Saviour in curing diseases. Extensive influence not almost exclusively confined, as before, to high-born

exercise a certain influence, especially among the fair sex,—an establishments were now formed for the convenience of magne- lords and dames, but extending to all classes. The art of magnetisers, somnambulists, and their patients. Here the oracles were tising had soon many eminent professors, who, refining upon the delivered by sleeping virgins, under the control of the directing labours of M. de Puységur, but acting with no better discriminamagnetiser of each institution. Quacks and cheats, who had tion, have, in the course of the last thirty years, raised animal exhausted their former means of imposition, found a never-failing magnetism to the eminence upon which it now stands, as an object resource in magnetic somnambulism, which ought to have been of merited ridicule to the whole world. designated “ Puységurism.” The more sensible portion of the aid of the pretended science. The exaggerated and credulous en.

Italians and Germans have brought their concurrent labours in community, and more especially the men of talent belonging to the thusiasm of the first, and the no less dangerous transcendentalism plebeian order, threw excessive ridicule upon these establishments, of the last, have become the allies of the delusions of somnambu. which, however, were ultimately converted to the most disgust- lism; and, united with the mysticism in which the weak-minded ingly immoral purposes.

always delight, have produced that system of imposture which has Flattered by the success of his discovery, which, in his own deceived many men of understanding, and made them believe in opinion, ranked him among the best benefactors of the human effects which would have shaken the belief of the most credulous, race, M. de Puységur spared no exertions in bringing it to per- believed in magic and witchcraft


even in the barbarous times, when men of learning and talent fection; thereby adding, as he believed, fresh wreaths to those

Amongst these pretended effects, we may designate the followwhich already shaded his brow. He had now numerous disciples, ing:— The unlettered somnambulist, under the influence of who soon became competitors. Each, in search of new effects, magnetic sleep, can not only detect disease which is imperceptible advanced in a path of his own making ; but every path so made to the medical practitioner, but point out the means of cure. converged to the common centre of psychological absurdity, which During the operation of magnetic sleep, the somnambulist can now covers animal magnetism with a hard and thick crust, that perfectly and distinctly perceive, and understand, the whole of the conceals the real gem, and, from the difficulty of its removal, has internal organs and complicated machinery of the human body, or

that of any anima!: she-for, as we have stated, the somnambulists hitherto proved an obstacle to the impartial examination of the

are generally girls—can likewise see through a thick wall; she can latter.

also see any objects, or read writing presented to or laid upon her Meanwhile, the reign of Louis XV. having closed, his grandson, abdomen, her back, or any other part of her body, her eyes being Louis XVI. had ascended the French throne. This was a virtuous closed all the while. The sleeper, under magnetic influence, who but weak prince, with good intentions, but unable to resist a tor- possesses the gift of somnambulism, can actually read the past, the rent which had been gradually swelling under the misgovernment present, and sometimes the future, and also the magnetiser's of his predecessors, and was ready to sweep away the French thoughts, replying in an audible voice to questions he has asked

only mentally; for there is between the magnetiser and every monarchy. The finances of the country had been exhausted by person he magnetises, whether the latter be gifted with somnamthe profligate expenditure of Louis XIV. and his successor Louis bulism or not, a psychological connexion,-or a communion of XV. This latter king had reigned as if all he cared about was the souls," as it has been termed. The magnetiser possesses an holding together of the monarchy during his lifetime. The nobles absolute power for ever over the mind of a person he has once had also imperceptibly undermined the inner foundations of the magnetised, “having subdued that mind to the volition of his formidable barrier that protected their order, to which the clergy own;" and this influence extends to any distance, from a were naturally united. The bondsmen of feudal despotism had, in neighbouring room to the remotest parts of the earth. Thus,

at his will, the magnetiser can operate upon his unconscious the mean time, acquired some knowledge of their social rights. patient, thousands of miles off,-produce sleep,-and, if the thus The plebeian order were more than ever bowed to the earth with magnetised person possess the faculty of somnambulism, force an the weight of the state burthens, whilst the privileged nobles were audible reply to any question asked mentally ; the “communion in the enjoyment of patents and pensions, and of certain of souls” defying the restraint imposed by the space of distance. imposts granted to them by the monarch, and levied upon objects, The magnetiser has equally the power of depriving the magnetised, not only of luxury, but of necessity, consumed by the people. As whether near or at distance, of all sensation. a climax to these evils, the national bankruptcy, long inevitable,

It will hardly be credited that these wonders (our account of notwithstanding the exertions of that political quack and over- which is in no wise exaggerated) form points of the sincerest faith rated statesman, M. Necker, the father of the celebrated Madame among the believers in the animal magnetism of which we have de Staël, became a reality, and hundreds of thousands of families offered a sketch. Though, perhaps, Dr. Elliotson has not avowed were ruined. All these circumstances concurred to rouse the his belief in these facts so openly as we have stated them, still his des pairing energies of the suffering people, and the external experiments at the North London Hospital were intended to pressure upon the edifice which separated the orders became so furnish evidence of every one of them; and much evil would have strong that the barrier fell inward with a tremendous crash, ensued, had not Mr. Wakley detected and exposed the imposition crushing and destroying, as it fell, the whole order of nobles, and practised, by the pretended somnambulists, upon the doctor. We with them the priests,—both of whom it had originally protected, have a high respect for Dr. Elliotson ; we consider him a clever -and even reaching and overturning the throne itself. The and useful practitioner, likely to have occupied one of the highest populace sprang upon the prostrate ruins, destroying those indi. stations in his profession, but for this unwonted credulity, and its

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