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mony against Chief Justice Willes. They forwarded their resolu. CAN THIS BE SAID OF YOU?
tions to the Admiralty, requesting they might be laid before the The Habits or A Man of Business.-A sacred regard to king, and demanded a satisfaction for the high insult on their the principles of justice forms the basis of every transaction, and president (Mayne) from all persons how high soever in office, regulates the conduct of the upright man of business. He is stric
who had set on foot this arrest, or in any degree advised or proin keeping his engagements, does nothing carelessly or in a hurry, order, discipline, and government, of bis Majesty's armies by sea
moted it," and remonstrating, that, by the said arrest, "the employs nobody to do what he can easily do himself, keeps every
was dissolved." thing in its proper place, leaves nothing undone that ought to be
The Lords of the Admiralty, participating in the feelings of the done, and which circumstances permitted him to do;-keeps his Court, instantly laid the resolutions before the king, who, being designs and business from the view of others, is prompt and deci- remarkably tenacious respecting military discipline, espoused the sive with his customers, and does not OVER-TRADE with his cause of the officers, and commanded the Duke of Newcastle, his capital ;-prefers short credits to long ones, and cash to credit at principal secretary of state, to inform the Lords of the Admiralty, all times, when they can be advantageously made, either in buying to the Court-martial
, by which the military discipline of the Navy
" that his Majesty expressed great displeasure at the insult offered or selling, and small profits in credit-cases with little risk, to the is so much affected; and the king highly disapproves of the behachance of better gains with more hazard. He is clear and explicit viour of Lieutenant Fry on the occasion," &c. in all his bargains ; leaves nothing of consequence to memory, But the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas was nothing which he can and ought to commit to writing ; keeps copies of all daunted by these manifestations. No sooner was he apprised of his important letters which he sends away, and has every letter, the resolutions of the Court-martial, than he caused each indi. invoice, &c. belonging to his business titled, classed, and put vidual member to be taken into custody, and he was proceeding away; never suffers his desk to be confused with many papers forthwith to punish them for contempt of Court, and assert the lying upon it; is always at the head of his business, well knowing dignity and authority of his office, when he was induced to stay that, if he leave it, it will leave him ; holds it as a maxim, that he his proceedings by the following apology, signed by the president whose credit is suspected is not safe to be trusted; is constantly and all the members of the Court :examining his books, and sees through all his affairs as far as care “ As nothing is more becoming a gentleman than to acknowand attention enable him ; balances regularly at stated times, and ledge himself to be in the wrong, so soon as he is sensible he is then makes out and transmits all his accounts current to his cus- so, and to make satisfaction to any person he has injured ; we tomers, both at home and abroad ; avoids, as much as possible, all therefore, whose names are underwritten, being thoroughly con. sorts of accommodation in money matters and law-suits, where vinced that we were entirely mistaken in the opinion we had there is the least hazard; is economical in his expenditure, always conceived of Lord Chief Justice Willes, think ourselves obliged in living within his income ; keeps a memorandum-book, with a honour, as well as justice, to make him satisfaction as far as it is pencil, in his pocket, in which he notes every little particular in our power. And, as the injury we did him was of a public relative to appointments, addresses, and petty-cash matters ; is nature, we do, in this public manner declare, that we are now caulious how he becomes security for any person, and is generous satisfied the reflections cast upon him in our resolutions of the only when urged by motives of humanity.
16th and 21st of May last, were unjust, unwarrantable, and with
out any foundation whatsoever: and we do ask pardon of his QUARREL BETWEEN A LORD CHIEF JUSTICE
lordship, and of the Court of Common Pleas, for the indignity
offered both to him and the Court." AND A COURT-MARTIAL. Occasionally, cases have occurred where members of Courts- Bing, and fourteen captains, and it was ordered to be registered
The apology was signed by Rear-admirals Mayne and John martial have been subjected to heavy penalties, for exercising an
in the Remembrance Office: “a memorial," as the Lord Chief arbitrary or unjust authority; and these have been produced by Justice observed, “ to the present and future ages, that whoever appeal to the higher courts of law at Westminster, which take
set themselves up in opposition to the laws, or think themselves precedence of Court-martial law, and sometimes reverse or annul | above the law, will in the end find themselves mistaken." The the proceedings of these inquests. We shall relate one instance, apology, and Judge Willes's acceptation, were also inserted in the where the dignity and supremacy of the Court of Common Pleas London Gazette of the 15th November, 1746. was established, and a question which, up to that time, appears
In commenting on this remarkable affair, Sir John Barrow to have been involved in doubt, set at rest for ever by the firm
expresses a doubt whether any Chief Justice of the present day conduct of Chief Justice Willes. It is a very remarkable case,
would, for such an offence, have exacted such an apology ; or, and has been alluded to by Sir John Barrow in his recently whether if he did, any body of naval officers assembled on such a published life of Lord Anson, for it occurred during the time public duty, would have submitted to make one of so humiliating that his lordship held a seat at the Board of Admiralty.
a nature? We know not how this may be ; but, with the above The matter was this. In the year 1743, Captain Harry Pow
case on record, we imagine it would be difficult to find any body lett, commanding the Orford, 50, in the West Indies, brought his
of naval officers so ignorant, or so wilful, as to bring about the lieutenant of marines, George Fry, to trial, on charges of dis- necessity for such a step, by treating the authority of the superior obedience of orders, &c. Sir Chaloner Ogle was president of the Courts with contempt. Court-martial, which adjudged Fry to fifteen years' imprisonment! to be dismissed the corps, and rendered incapable of ever serving his Majesty in any future capacity. It appears, that not only
CHARACTERISTICS OF AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES. was Mr. Fry kept fourteen months in close arrest, but that the The natives were well acquainted with the etfect of a musket, evidence against him was not oral, being made up of the deposi- although not the least alaried at having one fired off near them. tions of persons whom he had never seen or heard of, reduced to Everything they saw excited their admiration, particularly the writing several days before the Court assembled ; and that alto- carpenter's tools and our clothes ; but what appeared to surprise gether the proceedings, as well as the sentence, were illegal. them above all other things was the effect produced upon the flesh
On the case being represented to the Privy Council, the king by a burning-glass, and of its causing the explosion of a train of was pleased to remit the punishment, and order Mr. Fry to be gunpowder. They perfectly understood that it was from the sun released ; but that gentleman forthwith instituted proceedings in that the fire was produced; for, on one occasion, when Jack rethe Common Pleas against the president of the Court-martial, and quested me to watch two or three strangers whom he had brought recovered £1000 damages : the judge moreover informing him, to visit us, I explained to him that it could not be done whilst the that he was at liberty to bring a separate action against every sun was clouded. He then waited patiently for five minutes, member of the Court.
until the sunshine reappeared, when he instantly reminded me of Acting upon this advice, Mr. Fry took occasion, while a Court the removal of the obstacle. He was a good deal surprised at my martial was sitting at Deptford upon Admirals Matthews and collecting the rays of the sun upon my own hand, supposing that I Lestock in 1746, to sue out a writ of capias against Rear- was callous to the pain, from which he had himself before shrunk; admiral Mayne, and Captain Rentone, two members of the Court but, as I held the glass within the focus distance, no painful senwho had formerly tried him, and, both being arrested, the other sation was produced: after which, he presented me his own arm, members were highly incensed at this insult to their authority, and allowed me to burn it, so long as I chose to hold the glass, and, having met twice in consultation, drew up resolutions on without fiinching in the least; which, with greater reason, equally each occasion, expressing themselves with some degree of acri- | astonished us in our turn. -Major Mitcheli.
LIFE. The Chippewayan Indians believe “ that at first the globe was one vast If length of days be thy portion, make it not thy expectation ; reckon bit and entire ocean, inhabited by no creature, except a mighty bird, whose eyes
upon long life, but live always beyond thy account. He that so often surwere fire and whose glances were lightning, and the clapping of whose wings
viveth his expectation lives many lives, and will hardly complain of the was thunder. On his descent to the ocean, and on his approaching it, the
shortness of his days. Time past is gone like a shadow : make times to earth instantly rose up and remained on the surface of the water."
come present; conceive that near which may be far off'; approximate tay Mackenzie's Travels.
past times by present apprehensions of them; live like a neighbour uatu
death, and think there is but little to come, And since there is something TEASING WITH QUESTIONS.
in us that must still live on, join both lives together; unite them in thy Boswell says that Dr. Johnson could not bear being teased with questions. thoughts and actions, and live in one but for the other. He who thus “I was once present," he says, " when a gentleman (the gentleman is sup- ordereth the purposes of his life will never be far from the next, and is in posed to have been Boswell himself) asked so many, as • What did you do, some manner already in it, by a happy conformity, and close apprehen. sir ?" • What did you say, sir ?' that he at last grew enraged, and said, 'I sion of it.-Sir Thomas Broune's Posthumous Works. will not be put to the question. Don't you consider, sir, that these are not
GENTLEMEN. the manners of a gentleman? I will not be baited with what and why: what is this? what is that? why is a cow's tail long? why is a fox's tail bushy ?' Whoever is open, loyal, and true, whoever is of humane and affable The gentleman, who was a good deal out of countenance, said, Why, sir,
demeanour; whoever is honourable in himself, and in his judgment of you aro so good, that I ventured to trouble you.' To which he answered, others, and requires no law but his word to make him fulfil an engagement; • Sir, my being so good is no reason why you should be so ill !""
such a man is a gentleman ; and such a man may be found amongst the
tillers of ground. - De Vere. EFFORT.
DEATH. Thus it is, that God wills man to be great-that God wills man to be
Death but supplies the oil for the inextinguishable lamp of lifehappy. Effort is the condition-Effort the means, Ejort the vehicle and the
Omniana. . hope of all that he is ever to be. Effort over nature-effort over the world -effort, especially, over Himself !"- Rev. G. Armstrong.
BAPTISM IN RUSSIA.
In the rich houses, two tables are laid out in the drawing-room by the TIME PRESENT.
priests ; one is covered with holy images, on the other is placed an enormous The present moment is important chiefly as it affects those which are silver basin, filled with water, surrounded by small wax tapers. The chief future ; begins, or strengthens an evil or virtuous habit, depraves or amends priest begins by consecrating the font, and plunging a silver cross repeatedly the soul, hardens or softens the heart, and contributes in this way to advance in the water; he then takes the child, and, after reciting certain prayers, us towards heaven, or towards hell. There is no man who is not better or undresses it completely. The process of immersion takes place twice, and worse to-day, by means of what he thought, designed, or did yesterday. The so rigorously that the head must disappear under the water; the infant is present day, therefore, is not only important in itself, as a season for which then restored to its nurse, and the sacrament is finally administered. In we must give an account, but because of the influence which it will have on former times, when a child had the misfortune to be born in winter, it was the events of the morrow.- Rev. T. Duight.
plunged without pity under the ice, or into water of the same temperature.
In the present day, that rigour has been relaxed by permission of the CONTENTMENT.
church, and warm water substituted for the other; but the common penple That lovely bird of Paradise, Christian contentment, can sit and sing in a still adhere scrupulously to the ancient practice in all seasons. On these cage of aMiction and confinement, or fly at liberty through the vast expanse, occasions numbers of the children are baptised at the same time on the ice, with almost equal satisfaction; while “ Even so, Father, for so it seemeth and the cold often proves fatal to them. It sometimes happens, also, that a good in thy sight,” is the chief note of its celestial song !--Swain.
child slips through the hands of the priest, and is lost, in which case he only
exclaims, “God has been pleased to take this infant to himself: hand me GOOD AND EVIL.
another;" and the poor people submit to their loss without a murmur, as Why there is pain and death in the world, it has not yet pleased the
the dispensation of Heaven.-City of the Czar, by Thos. Raikes, Esq. Father to declare; but since his goodness is abundant, and his wisdom and
MANUFACTURE OF TAR. power have no bounds, we cannot doubt but that the reasons, when they shall be made known, will attest some hidden wisdom, which Man is not yet
The machinery of the world could scarcely go on without tar; yet we able to comprehend. All that wo yet know is, that everything exists by stunted, or from situation not adapted to the saw-mill, are peeled of the
seldom inquire how it is made. Fir-trees (pinus silvestris), which are God's absolute decree : that evil exists; and therefore that evil exists by bark a fathom or two up the stem. This is done by degrees, so that the God's absolute decree. Why plagues and earthquakes have desolated the earth, why pain and guilt have troubled mankind, we may hope to learn
tree should not decay and dry up at once, but for five or six years should hercafter ; and till then we may wait patiently, since we see how beauty
remain in a vegetating state, alive but not growing. The sap thus checked rises up out of the dust, how peace issues from woe, and how purity is
makes thc wood richer in tar; and at the end of six years the tree is eat
down, and is found almost entirely converted into the substance from wbich wrought out of repentance.—Martincau's Essays.
tar is distilled. The roots, rotten stubs, and scorched trunks of the trees
felled for clearing land, are all used for making tar. In the burning or INFANCY.
distilling, the state of the weather, rain, or wind, in packing the kiln, will It may have been observed of children who are well treated, and in tole
make a difference of 15 or 20 per cent in the produce of tar. The labour of rably happy circumstances, there is a certain air of composure and confi- transporting the tar out of the forest to the river-side is very great The dence which we could call an air of authority in men, and which arises from barrels containing tar are always very thick and strong, because on the way their ignorance of fear, and their habit of finding themselves deferred to in
to inarket they have often to be committed to the stream to carry them many of their desires. These, blind with the consciousness of weakness,
down the rapids and falls,-Laing's Sweden. with the simplicity natural to their age, and the in perfect expansion of
RUSSIAN HUMANITY. their mental powers, produce an expression of a most exquisite nature, but which though commonly seen, is most difficult to seize; this is what the At the defile of Annanour, a quarantine station, we met a poor peasant, older Italian painters have given, not perfectly, but in a very surprising overwhelmed with grief, prostrated before the commandant, and exclaimdegree. Some of the groups of angels hanging in festoons from clouds, will ing, “My wife and parents are lying dead of the plague in the next village, be found to present an astonishing variety of this sort of beauty-Judges of I am afraid to bury them." The Russian instantly despatched a party of three years old, Soldiers of four, Philosophers of two. But who shall paint this soldiers to set fire to all the neighbouring hamlets; and turning to me, said expression, equal to the remembrance of it, in the bosoms of those who have smilingly, “ 'Tis my vocation." I gave the unfortunate sufferer a few been most interested to observe it? Who that has closely and quietly observed
roubles, which the commandant noticing, he laughed, and ridiculed tbe the progress of an infant's mind, its development, by attaching itself like a concern I expressed for the miserable Ossatinian. I subsequently mentioned woodbine to the old supports of the family; putting forth to-day a tendril ; tho circumstance to Field-Marshal Count Paskewitsch at Tiflis, who also to-morrow, a bud; next day, a flower; who shall think of seeing it perfect laughed, and said, “ You Englishmen are always inclined to regard with in painting? In a child's face, curiosity and love stand like cherubs ready seriousness the veriest trifles!"-Captain Mignan's Journey. to fly from his eyes: his mind is ever active, and ever making new disco
TRUE CONTENTMENT. veries ; ever rewarding its own activity, and ever seeking the assistance of others: it is the only agreeable view of existence; and to be melancholy in
It is right to be contented with what we have, but never with what we are;
though th regarding a child, it is necessary to think of him when he shall be one no
exact reverse is the case with most men.-Life of Sir .. longer.- John Scotl.
IT WAGS ITS TAIL !
A humorist planted himself in an attitude of astonishment, with his eyes Controversy, indeed, is unfavourable to piety, and to every Christian riveted on the well-known lion that graces the top of Northumberland feeling : it is too commonly the food of malevolence, rancour, and obstinacy; House in the Strand, and by exclaiming “ It wags !-it wags again !" conbut the examination and comparison of the different parts of the Scripture, trived in a few minutes to blockade the street with a crowd, all eageriy and the attention to the revealed counsels of God, which religious inquiry waiting till the lion should do them the honour of wagging his tail again! induces, are favourable to the growth of vital religion, and the impression of faith upon the heart ; far more favourable, if we judge from experience, than London: WILLIAM SMITH, 113, Fleet Street. Edinburgh: FRASER a settled calm.-Sumner's Apostolical Preaching.
& Co. Dublin : CURRY & Co.-Printed by Bradbury & Evans, Whitefriars
imputed to animal magnetism, and even the very existence of any No. IV.
such principle, we were as much surprised as amused by the
earnest, and even angry tone, of those who gave faith to the WHAT ANIMAL MAGNETISM IS, AND What it is not.
miracles wrought by the magnetisers and their somnambulists. Let it not be imagined that we set up any pretensions to teach We could almost fancy ourselves carried back to the days of animal magnetism. Our purpose is to acquaint the general Faust, or to those of Michael Scott; with the only difference, that reader with what we know on the subject, in order to assist him, the sorceries of animal magnetism were not imputed to the agency so far as we are able, in forming an idea of what animal magnet. of Satan. ism really is. The investigation of anything we may commu. A singular inconsistency was shown by certain of the magnetists nicate, and the application of any reality it may possess, we leave who professed materialism : these persons, believing matter to be to those eminent philosophers who have hitherto been deterred eternal, motion to be the life of matter, and also eternal, and from submitting Mesmerism to serious consideration, on account animal and vegetable life to be a mere condition of matter inseof the absurdities so interwoven as to appear identical with it, but parable from organisation, nevertheless maintained, by their arguwho perhaps will give it their attention when it is presented to ments and writings, the psychological or spiritual attributes of them divested of all miraculous agency.
animal magnetism. The greater number of the magnetists were, In stating our convictions to the public, we feel bound to show however, rigid catholics, who not unfrequently, in their impious that they overtook us amid the strongest anti-magnetic prepos- fanaticism, coupled the juggling of the somnambulists with the sessions entertained from early life, and confirmed by finding, name of divine inspiration. from actual experiment, the reputed miracles of animal magnetism Though nothing could shake our opinion of these monstrous to be wholly false, and its pretended pyschological sympathies to absurdities, and our total disbelief in animal magnetism, we be nothing more than illusions raised in the over-excited imagina. resolved personally to put to the test the powers of the somnamtions of weak and credulous individuals. Could we effect this bulists. We have done so, and we most earnestly declare that we without bringing our personal doings to the reader's notice, we have witnessed no one case in which any individual of common would certainly avoid any such intrusion upon his attention ; but sense, and in possession of a very ordinary degree of mental as we cannot avoid talking of ourselves, we most earnestly depre- firmness, might not detect the imposture. The first of these cate being taxed with egotism.
scenes which we witnessed has made some ssion upon our Not many years after the close of the long continental war, memory, because we were ourselves the patient, and we imme. which ended with the re-establishment of the French monarchy diately committed to paper all that passed: we therefore give in the person of Louis XVIII., we visited the capital of France. it to the reader as the best specimen we are able to adduce of The extraordinary vagaries of animal magnetism were then ex. I the magnetic doings which we witnessed in somnanıbulism, and citing great interest. The controversies of the magnetists and which gave to our anti-magnetic prepossessions the force of the anti-magnetists were as animated as those of the Gluckists adamant, and the Piccinists * in times past. Disbelieving every wonder We were acquainted with an Italian, a mad-brained and enthu
siastic votary of the muses and of animal magnetism. We were * Gluck and Piccini (pronounced Pitchini) may be ranked among the amused by his eccentricities, and he was our frequent guest. founders of the modern musical drama or opera. During the last century they settled in France, where they exercised their art as rivals. Gluck, With his bold and startling asseverations of the miracles effected being a German, brought with him the poetic energy peculiar to his by the Mesmerism of Puységur, he always coupled an energetic country. By means of new orchestral combinations, he gave to a powerfully dramatic and heart-searching music a truth of colouring till then proposal of “ocular demonstration.” We resolved at last to unknown. He was the first to break through the rigid rules established by accept his “demonstration.” We were then suffering from disease the old contrapuntists, which, being wholly arbitrary and originally applied of the liver, upon which was a tumour sensible to the external to the infancy of art, were unfit for its adolescence, because they frequently touch. This led to a disturbance of the stomach, and we laboured marred poetic expression. This violation of established academic rule, though so great an improvement that it has been followed by all Gluck's under some of the most unpleasant symptoms of dyspepsia. Our successors, and is adopted by every modern composer, led to the assertion by Handel, who was jealous of every appearance of genius in another, that
Italian friend, though aware that our health was disordered, knew Gluck was ignorant of counterpoint. But the operas of Handel are for- not the cause ; and the more easily to get at the truth, we felt gotten, because they are devoid of colouring and dramatic effect, being only
From the disturbed state of the a stern and rigid, though admirable outline,
in a style not adapted to the justified in employing a ruse. effects of the drama, but peculiar to the music of the church, and therefore stomach, we were often troubled with intermittent pulsation—that appreciated by persons only of musical learning. The operas of Gluck have is to say, at every four or five beats the pulse would stop during remained, because, though learned, they are powerfully dramatic, and are therefore understood by the multitude.
one beat. This was a purely nervous action. Bidding our friend Piccini was a native of Italy. He introduced tho beautiful and flowing feel our pulse, and making him observe the intermission, we melodies of his country; but he had neither the power of expression and colouring, nur the mechanical skill in instrumentation, belonging to Gluck. passionate bursts of love and jealousy; the former representing stormy The respective styles of these two celebrated men may be considered to passions, inflexible sternness of mind, mists, tempests, crags, precipices, and illustrate the difference of character which Madame de Staël distinguishes mountain torrents. The rival merits of these composers gave rise to a between the poetry of the north and that of the south : the latter depicting violent controversy between their respective admirers, who were thereforo sunshine and flowers, shady groves and gentle dalliance, interspersed with distinguished as Gluckists and Piccinists. VOL. I.
Bradbury and Evans, Printers, Whitefriars.
informed him that we had a disease of the heart, and had resolved who might purchase the watch for re-sale. In this instance, thereto take his advice and ascertain the exact nature of the disorder fore, we gave the lady the full " benefit of the doubt." and the means of cure, by consulting a somnambulist whom he We. What coins are contained in my purse ? recommended, -the magnetiser being his friend. Accordingly a Som. Three napoléons and two five-franc pieces. day was fixed, and, at the time appointed, we got into a cabriolet We. Belle dormeuse, you mistake, there are four napoléons. with the Italian, and were driven to the Rue du Helder.
Som. (Hesitating) True! I had overlooked one: two had stuck Ascending to the troisième au-dessus de l'entresol, which, in together (deux s'étaient collés ensemble). plain English, means the fourth floor, we rang a bell, and were We. How many keys does my bunch contain ? ushered by a servant into a very nicely furnished salon. Here we Som. (After a tolerably long pause) Four. were presently joined by the magnetiser, accompanied by a tall We. (Exhibiting the bunch, which contained six.) That is not and remarkably handsome, dark-eyed girl. This last was the the number. somnambulist; and we may safely aver that no creature of more The magnetiser observed that Mademoiselle bad probably overexquisitely lovely person, or more elegant and graceful manners, looked the two little ones. This of course gave her the cue; the ever exercised that vocation. The usual courtesies having passed, magnetiser repeated the question, informing her that she was in the somnambulist seated herself upon a sofa ; the operator sat upon a fauteuil facing her. Their feet and their knees met. The Son. C'est vrai. Two smaller keys on the bunch were conmagnetiser having jerked his hands about towards her face during cealed by the ring. There are six altogether. about a minute and a half, her eyes gradually closed, and her This alleged concealment by the ring of the two small keys head at length fell upon the cushion. Her master then placed implied an admission that to the eyes of magnetic somnambulism her feet upon the sofa, on which she reclined upon her back at all opaque bodies do not become transparent. We, however, made full length. She now slept the sleep of magnetic somnambulism. no remark to the magnetiser Placing his hand upon her white, lofty, and well-shaped forehead, The Italian now wrote something upon a square piece of paper, the magnetiser commenced the following dialogue, which I here which he put into our left hand, our right being occupied in hold. record word for word as it was spoken.
ing the small white, and beautifully-formed hand, of Mademoiselle MAGNETISER. Art thou asleep, child ? (Dors-tu, mon enfant?) Félicie, the fair somnambulist. In compliance with his direction, SOMNAMBULIST. Yes, father! (Oui, mon père !)
we placed this paper, with the writing downward, upon the person Mag. Dost thou, this day, possess the magnetic vision of the of the sleeper, a little below her waist. somnambulist? (La vue magnétique du somnambule ?)
Mag. Read the writing upon thy abdomen (sur ton ventre). Som. I do, father.
Som. (In a tone of voice as if reading) JE DESIRE Que vous Mag. Look at me then, and state the appearance which I pre- GUERISSIEZ MON AMI (I wish that you may cure my friend). sent to thy sight.
We turned up the paper : it hore, in pretty large characters, Som. (Without moving from her posture, and with her eyes the very words she had pronounced. Whether or not the Italian firmly closed.) Your face is encircled with a halo (une auréole) was in league with the girl, or with the magnetiser, or with both, of brilliant light, a bright stream of which issues from the extre- we never could come at any direct evidence to show, but we have mity of each finger placed upon my forehead.
no moral doubt that one or other was the case. Suddenly reliaMag. What sensation does this appearance cause in you? quishing the hand we held, and running to the table, we rapidly Som. Veneration, respect, and submission.
seized a pen, pretended to dip it into the ink, and appeared to Mag. Very well, child (Bien, mon enfant). Now tell me write something. Approaching the sleeping girl, and resuming who holds thee by the hand. (So saying, he placed her hand her hand, we placed our pretended writing upon the same spot as in ours.)
the paper given to us by the Italian, and directed the magnetiser Som. A stranger.
to demand the contents. Mag. Who and what is he?
Som. The Englishman writes so bad a hand that I cannot well Som. An Englishman in ill health, come to submit to the make it out (Monsieur l'Anglais a une écriture si difficile que magnetic influences (se soumettre aux influences magnétiques), j'ai beaucoup de peine à la déchiffrer). I perceive an i, and an to which he refers for the discovery and cure of his disease. m, and an 8, but all appears so confused that it will take too long
The magnetiser here informed us, that we might ask her any a time to make it out. questions, through him, whether relating or not to our health. We now turned up the paper, and showed that it bore no Before entering upon this last topic, he was anxious, he said, to writing at all. The magnetiser and the Italian both exclaimed give us the most convincing evidence of the marvellous faculty that this was unfair ; that the somnambulist could not be expected possessed by the somnambulist before us. We accordingly began to give a correct reply, because, by relinquishing her hand, we our interrogatory thus :
had ourselves broken the magnetic connexion between us, and We. What do my pockets contain ?
this could be renewed by the magnetiser only-a fact which Som. It is not becoming to search the pockets of gentlemen neither had mentioned before the failure of the experiment. (Il est inconvenant de fouiller dans les poches des messieurs), “ But,” said the magnetiser, “ Monsieur must be very difficult Nevertheless, I will look into yours. One pocket of your coat of belief, and very unreasonable in his demands (bien exigeant), contains a green silk handkerchief, the other is empty.' In your if he be not now convinced of the powers conferred by magnetic right waistcoat pocket you have a watch, in your left an English somnambulism upon Mademoiselle ; we had therefore better lose penknife (un canif anglais). The left pocket of your trousers no more time, but proceed at once to the business for which we (de votre pantalon) holds a purse of red silk, with a gilt clasp ; are assembled.” the other has a bunch of keys.
Having assented, the magnetiser, again placing in ours the She was right; but her being so is easily explained. We had hand of the beautiful Félicie, which we found by no means distaken out the purse and opened it, so that its contents might agreeable, the magnetic connexion between us was renewed, easily be seen, soon after our arrival, in order to send his fare to and we resumed our interrogatory through the medium of the the cabriolet driver. The watch was visible enough. The pen- magnetiser as before. knife had served, prior to the magnetic sleep, to cut the string WE. I am, as you have stated, in ill health, and require your that bound a paper containing acidulated lozenges. Finally, the assistance. I wish you to examine the interior of my body, and bunch of keys had rattled; and we had used the handkerchief. acquaint me with the disease that afflicts me, together with the We. What hour does my watch indicate ?
means of cure. Som. Twenty minutes to noon (Midi moins vingt).
Som. (after a pause of twenty minutes, during which the This was a very near guess : it wanted twenty-two minutes magnetiser made us a sign not to speak.) I have carefully exof noon.
amined the internal structure of the stranger's body. All its We. Read the maker's name inside the watch.
mechanism is in proper order except the main-spring of its action Som. I cannot distinguish the letters upon the metal ; they (le grand ressort de son mouvement), the heart. The action of seem all of a jumble.
the left ventricle is impeded, a short stoppage of the pulse is the There happened to be no maker's name. We had received the consequence, and the blood' is retarded in its course (dans son watch upon trial from M. Guidon, a wholesale manufacturer, cours). I see this take place every instant. The heart is in a residing in Rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau, on the condition that, swollen and irritated condition. All this disturbance arises from a if it suited, he would put his name upon it. Of course, if we large red pimple (un gros bouton rouge) just under the left venreturned it, the name engraved would be that of any watchmaker tricle, and close to its junction with the aorta. This pimple is as large as a small boil (un petit clou). When it shall be removed trial we took seats facing one another, each foot and each knee in the disorder will cease, and the patient be cured (le malı.le sera contact with those opposite to it. M. de Puységur began with guéri). To effect such removal, he must, this evening, apply sundry frictions upon the palms of our hands, and upon our twenty-five leeches to the epigastrium, and, the moment they have shoulders and arms, frequently resting his hands one upon each fallen, cover their bites with a linseed-meal poultice having side of our head. Meanwhile, his eyes were riveted upon ours in laudanum upon it (un cataplasme opiacé de farine de grain de earnest gaze.
We had an irresistible inclination to laugh, which lin). A prisan must be made in the following manner : into a new we indulged now and then. The noble magnetiser bore this with pipkin (une marmite neuve de terre) must be put four large poppy the greatest good-humour. He laboured hard, for a considerable heads, a quarter of a pound of coquelicot Aowers, a handful of time, to produce in us sleep, maidenhair (capillaire), one of marsh-mallows (guimauve), three
* That sometinies shuts up sorrow's eye ;" ounces of liquorice root, and upon these, three litres* of river water but it was vain labour : we slept not. From his efforts, though must be poured ; the marmite must be covered and its contents
the weather was cold, heavy drops of perspiration ran in rapid boiled gently until the liquid is reduced to two litres ; it must then succession from his brow. be strained and the following ingredients added, -three grains of
“I can no more (je n'en peux plus),” said he at length ; “you kermes,+ three of acetate of morphine, and an ounce of gum- are too strong for me. If I continue, I shall sleep, not you. Inarabic, the latter being first pounded, afterwards rubbed up in a stead of imparting the magnetic fluid, I am receiving it. But have mortar with some of the ptisan, and, when quite dissolved, mixed with the whole. The patient must drink a small cupfull of this you really felt no unusual sensation during my exertions ?" ptisan every hour (d'heure en heure). In a month he will be
." C'est inconcevable (it is inconceivable). Yours is a singular restored to health.
idiosyncrasy." WE. Are my stomach and liver in good order ?
Having thus broken the ice, we resolved to be ourselves magSon. The stomach of the malade is a little out of order (un peu netised whenever a good opportunity offered, and in the course of dérange) by the disorder ; but his liver is in a perfect condition
a couple of months prior to our return to England, we withstood (le foie est parfait).
assaults of many of the celebrated magnetisers in the French Perfectly satisfied with the specimen we have described of the capital. No one produced upon us any effect of which we were intuitive attainments in anatomy, physiology, and medicine of the conscious. One only, M. Bertrand, attributed his failure to our fair Félicie, we requested that her magnetic slumber might“ cease want of faith ; all the others imputed theirs to our being too and determine." Accordingly, a few flourishes of the magnetiser's strong,—that is to say, an overmatch for them in the quantity we fingers close to her head made her open her large, almond-shaped, naturally possessed of the magnetic fluid. and certainly most lustrous and expressive eyes. She immediately Some years after this, we again visited the French capital. The rose from the sofa. In reply to a question we asked, she assured venerable Marquis de Puységur was dead ; so was our Italian friend. us that she had not the slightest recollection or knowledge of what But new magnetisers had sprung up, and the doings of the somhad passed during her“ somnambulism." Havivg given a fee of nambulists were as marvellous as ever. fifteen francs to the magnetiser, and one of ten to his fair pupil, One morning, a young physician, an anti-magnetist like our. we shook the former by the hand, gallantly kissed that of the latter, selves, called upon us to request that we would accompany him to to which ceremony she submitted with a very good grace, and the house of a friend who was to be magnetised that morning by an departed accompanied by the Italian, who, as we paced the street extraordinarily successful professor, lately arrived from one of the towards the Boulevart, thus broke forth .
southern départemens." “Well, what do you think of magnetism at last? I hope you “ He has a certain reputation," said the doctor, “in his own are now convinced. You will of course commence, without loss of country; and we shall, no doubt, derive considerable amusement time, the treatment prescribed ?"
from the scene." “I shall do no such thing,” we replied. " What has just
The magnetiser was a stout powerful man, more than six feet occurred is a most absurd piece of mummery, which would rather high, with herculean limbs and “strong-knit sinews," and therestrengthen my anti-magnetic opinions, could they be strengthened. fore very unlikely to find a patient " too strong" for him. He The fact is, there is nothing the matter with my heart. For the magnetiserl by " passes,'
,"—that is to say, placing the extremity of sake of getting at the truth, 1 imposed upon you, for which I beg the middle finger upon that of the thumb, he jerked both hands your pardon.”
forward, spreading at the same time his fingers. This method, he " But I felt the disturbance in your pulse consequent upon a said, " propelled the fluid with so powerful an impetus that its derangement of the functions of the heart."
impingement upon the patient's head was strong enough to drive We explained to him the nature of our disorder, which we may it like a torrent to the brain." here state yielded in due time to proper medical treatment. The We have given the precise words used by the magnetiser, who Italian seemed confounded, and we verily believe his own faith in explained his system to us in English, which he spoke remarkably animal magnetism was shaken.
well. We have used no exaggeration in describing this scene; we The young
doctor and I stood close to the operator as he applied might, without any deviation from truth, have given much stronger his " passes” to his patient. We were, however, on different sides. tints to the picture. We may add, that every subsequent trial of On a sudden I experienced a strange sensation of faintness ; the magnetic somnambulism proved even a more signal failure than doctor also complained of being ill, and we both passed through the one we have described.
an open window into a balcony, where the fresh air soon relieved About six or eight months after this occurrence—we were then
On returning to our respective stations near the operator, quite free from our late disease—we were introduced to M. de
the same faintness again affected us, and we were relieved by the Puységur, a venerable-looking man, whose hair bespoke the winter
same means. Imputing our indisposition to the heat of the room, of life, whilst his brow was deeply indented with the furrows of
we stationed ourselves at a short distance from the window, where age, - perhaps with those of study also. He spoke of his own dis
we experienced no further inconvenience. The patient, who had coveries in Mesmerism, and tried to give us belief.
become very pale, at last declared that he should faint. He was “ You do not act wisely," said he,“ in suffering your mind to
now really very ill. A smelling-bottle was applied under his nose, be biassed by the attempts of unskilful persons. Were you ever his face was sprinkled with cold water ; on a sudden he was relieved magnetised "
by a violent action of the bowels. The magnetising was adjourned * No!"
to a future day. " Then allow me to magnetise you. This I can do effectually : The illness which the young doctor and we ourselves, as well for although faith in magnetism assist the operator, still incredulity as the patient, had experienced, made but little impression upon cannot antagonise the action of the magnetic fluid. If I succeed
us at the time, and was soon forgotten. It was, however, afterin imparting to you magnetic sleep, will you then acknowledge the wards brought to our recollection in the manner we are about to existence and influence of animal magnetism ?"
explain. “I will acknowledge its existence assuredly.'
At a réunion dansante, which took place at the house of a To give this only surviving pupil of Mesmer the benefit of every mutual friend, we met M. de L-, a French physician of extencircumstance that could assist him, we submitted, under his direc- sive practice. He was a man of very remarkable appearance, and tion to a dietetic and medicinal preparation. On the day of the past the prime of life. Delighted with his conversation, with his
professional philosophy, and with the knowledge he displayed on * A litre is about equal to an imperial quart. Kermes mineral, or the hydrosulphuretted oxide of antimony.
* France is divided into départemens, instead of provinces or counties.