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"The meanest hind in fair Scotland
nious love-tones in the depth of woods ; and the active crows are May rove their sweets amang,
seen flying with lusty wing on affairs connected with their own doBut I, the Queen of a' Scotland,
mestic polity. The spotted flycatcher builds her nest in vines or Maun lie in prison strang."
sweet. briar, against the wall and near our doors—the quietest and “ Groves, fields, and meadows," says Addison, "are at every most familiar of our summer birds; the sedge-bird sings incesseason of the year pleasant to look upon, but never so much so as santly during the breeding time, and, imitating the notes of other in the opening of the spring, when they are all new and fresh, with birds, is called the English mock-bird ; and the swallow skims the their first gloss upon them, and not yet too much accustomed and earth, and with plastic skill repairs or rebuilds her family mansion familiar to the eye;" and now indeed the living verdure beneath our beneath the skirt and protection of our roof. As evening apfeet, the buds just bursting into young leaves, and the rich blossoms proaches, the goat-sucker, or fern-owl, searches for her prey, of the trees, are in all their freshness, beauty, and fragrance, and uttering a most disagreeable and discordant noise. All being charm every sense with their grateful influence. Lnxuriant blades hushed, the divine nightingale commences in this month her of tender grass carpet every field and bank, meadow and ranging “ love-laboured song," and entrances into ecstacy every moro! hill, with mantling green ; and the simple daisy, pale primrose, yel- ear so favoured as to be an auditor of her unearthly melody. The low cowslip, and rich glowing butter-cup, are spangling the banks poets of every age and clime have done honour to the celestial and meads with their lively contrast. The hawthorn boughs, stud. warbling of this favourite songstress ; but the simple and beautiful ded with white May-blossom, adorn the lanes and hedges in every reflection of the venerable lzaak Walton is, we think, not sur. direction, and perfume the country far and wide with their rich passed by any other meed of approbation :-"
-"The nightingale," he fragrance, and especially in the immediate neighbourhood of the says, “another of my airy creatures, breathes such sweet loud villages
music out of her little instrumental throat, that it might make " Down by the hamlet's hawthorn-scented way."
mankind to think miracles are not ceased. He that at midnight, in festoons at the whitewashed porch of the clean humble cottage, falling, the doubling and redoubling of her voice, might well be The sweet-briar, eglantine, honeysuckle, and woodbine, hang when the very labourer sleeps securely, should hear, as I have
often, the clear airs, the sweet descants, the natural rising and with its “ nicei v-sanded floor;" while the orchards and gardens listed above earth, and say, Lord, what music hast thou provided are "all breathing balm,” with the bloom of their fruit-trees, for the saints in heaven, when thou affordest bad men such music lilacs, and laburnums, and glittering with gorgeous beds of waving tulips, virgin-lilies, and blooming roses. The water-violet and
on earth!" buck-bean unfold their petals as aquatic plants, the ferns of the her light, and the May.fly appears on the waters in this month.
Among the insect creation, the bee swarms, the glow-worm gives forest expand their reticulated shapes, and the delicate blue-bells and forget-me-nots, “ hidden from day's garish eye," unfold, in The bee traverses on busy wing the realms of air, with headlong the seclusion of woods and ruins, their simple and modest beauty; haste examines with her sucker the latent materials for honey and while the “ desert air” of moors and woodlands, heaths and wilds; honey-comb in the petalled recesses of the flowery world, and have their “waste places” enlivened by the clear bright yellow
“ sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet," singing gaily at her flowers of the gorse and broom. The horse-chesnuts, too, are laden toil, and returning laden with treasure, after miles of excursive with rich white blossom, and the waving of the tender blades of the travel, to her remembered hive. The glow-worm is seen, as evencorn-field gladdens the anxious eye of the husbandman.
ing advances, on the dry banks of woods and pastures, shedding The favourite horse now enjoys the fresh paddock, while the her phosphorescent and brilliant halo among the dark leaves of her younger and wilder colts of his species roam at large, in spon the shortest-lived of any of the insect race, emerging from its
retreat. The May-fly of the angler is, according to Gilbert White, taneous gallops and unbridled joys, over the unfettered pastures of the hill-sides; the cows rumivate in full enjoyment of their chrysalis-cerements in the water at about six in the evening, and new-springing herbage, and yield to the dairymaid their creamy dying at eleven the same night. Our young readers may be acstores, for fresh May-butter and abundant cheese ; while the quainted with the beautiful lines in reference to this brief span of lowing herds of cattle, and bleating flocks of sheep with their young by Charles Knight, the well-known bookseller.
existence, in the Penny Magazine of 1832, at page 64, written gambolling lambs, are heard far and wide throughout the land :“See how the younglings frisk along the meads,
The finny tribes, during the month of May, are in full vigour, As May comes on, and wakes the balmy wind,
and the “patient angler” pursues his“ contemplative recreation" Rampant with life, their joy all joy exceeds !"
to his heart's content and the full windings of his line. May is THOMSON.
especially the fly-fishers' month; for the Complete Angler of The antlered stag with his graceful company of nimble deer, now Walton and Cotton has its dialogue entirely confined to the first enjoy their new verdant lawns and ample parks, and give to the and ninth of May. The opening of this matchless composition is a domains through which they range at pleasure an air of patrician conference between an angler, a hunter, and a falconer, “ stretchdignity :
ing their legs up Tottenham-bill, on a fine fresh May-morning;" “ Now the deer rustle through the thoroy brake,
and Cotton, in discoursing on this month, says, “And now, sir, And the birds sing concealed."
that we are entering into the month of May, I think it requisite To the feathered tribes, indeed, the month of May is one of vital to beg not only your attention, but also your best patience ; for! interest, for they now form alliances, build their varied nests with must now be a little tedious with you, and dwell upon this month instinctive skill, and lay their eggs,-all circumstances to them of longer than ordinary: which, that you may better endure, I must first-rate importance. The sky-lark is first to greet the break of tell you this month deserves and requires to be insisted on; forday, and announce the early morning to the world, warbling with asmuch as it alone, and the next following, afford more pleasure cheerful alacrity his lively cadences, while, poised in mid-air, he to the fly-angler than all the rest.” Cotton, indeed, " the affec“singing up to heaven-gate ascends."
tionate son and servant,” (as he respectfully styles himself), of his “To hear the lark begin his fight,
most worthy father and friend, Mr. Izaak Walton, the Elder," And singing, startle the dull night,
was himself a Derbyshire angler, and resided near the celebrated From his watch-tower in the skies,
Dove-Dale ; and Walton says, in their commendation, “ I think Till the dappled dawn doth rise.”
the best trout-anglers be in Derbyshire, for the waters there are Next comes the louder and more official clarion of nature's referring to the romantic streams of the Peak of Derbyshire, for
clear to an extremity ;" being also equally complimentary in trumpeter-in-ordinary, the plumed chieftain of the poultry-yard, in speaking of the Lathkin and the Wye, near Bakewell, he thus and gallus cristatus of the fable, who
expatiates : “The Lathkin is by many degrees the purest and most “ with lively din Scatters the rear of darkness thin,
transparent stream that I ever yet saw, either at home or abroad; And to the stack, or the barn-door,
and breeds, it is said, the reddest and the best trout in England; Stoutly struts his dames before."
and the Wye is a most delicate, clear river, and breeds admirable
trout and grayling." This honoured Wye, we may also add, The blackbird and thrush, with their melodious voices and rolls its clear and serpentine waters through the vale of Haddon, mellow notes, bid a welcome from bush and brake to the cheerful in every variety of depth and shallowness, or of slowness and May, and warble forth, says Izaak Walton, such ditties as no art rapidity, winding its playful course over the level meadows-in a or instrument can reach to. On the waters, or among their straight line of only two miles from Bakewell to Haddon-hall, sedgy banks, the various kinds of wild-fowl make their
appearance; through an actual length of nearly nine miles in measured dis. the cuckoo's double note,
of ominous import, sounds day and night tance; and on its verdant banks, at this season of the year, the across the fields ; the stock and turtle-doves sound their harmo. numerous assemblage of brethren of the angle and rotaries of the
gentle art” may be truly said to celebrate all the anglers' honours J. The claims, then, of which we speak, are of the most due to their merry month of May.
weighty and serious character. They grow out of those indissoluMay forms the confine of boundary between spring and summer, ble relations which you sustain to society; and those invaluable and bas, in all ages and countries, been hailed as the fresh glowing interests, social, civil, and religious, which have come down to us, forenoon of the day of human life, whose bright vision dwells a most precious inheritance, from our fathers, and which, with all enshrined in the memory, associated with all those feelings which the duties and responsibilities connected with them, are soon to be bloom in the heart in the May-tide of our lives. Our English transferred to your hands and to your keeping. I look forward a poets have felt this truth in all its fulness, and have delighted few short years, and see the aspect of society entirely changed. to apply it.
The venerable fathers, who have borne the heat and burden of the “ Flushed by the spirit of the genial year,
day, are dropping, one after another, into the grave, and soon Now from the virgin's cheek a fresher bloom
they will all be gone. Of those, too, who are now the acting Shoots, less and less, the live carnation round;
members of society, some have passed the meridian of life, others Her lips blush deeper sweets-she breathes of youth.”—Thomson.
are passing it, and all will soon be going down its decline, to The month of May is the period when all nature is "blooming from this transient scene of action. To a mind seriously contem
mingle with the generations who have disappeared before them, and benevolent,” and the finer and more tender feelings of our plating this mournful fact, it is an inquiry of deep and tender nature develope themselves—the month of Love. The objects of interest :-who are to rise up and fill their places ? To whom are the inanimate world are the glad reflectors of their Creator's glory, to be committed the invaluable interests of this community ? and in air or earth, sky or ocean, remind man of the imagined Who are to sustain its responsibilities and discharge its duties? glories of that Eden he has lost ;—the wild tribes of the brute You anticipate the answer. It is to you, young men, that these creation evince their animal spirits with uncontrolled restraint ;-- interests are to be committed and these responsibilities transferred. while the heart of man, on the contrary, is vibrating in unison You are fast advancing to fill the places of those who are fast with mingled causes of excitement, and influenced by the thou- retiring to give place to a new generation. You are soon to occupy sand joys he feels glowing within him and around him :-" in the houses, and own the property, and fill the offices, and possess short,” says Addison, “our souls are delightfully lost and the power, and direct the influence that are now in other hands. bewildered in a pleasing delusion."
The various departments of business and trust, the pulpit and the “In joyous youth, what soul hath never known
bar,-our courts of justice and halls of legislation,-our civil, Thought, fecling, taste, harmonious to its own ?" CAMPBELL. religious, and literary institutions,-all, in short, that constitute Shakspeare very pointedly speaks of this attribute of the month, society, and goes to make life useful and happy, are to be in your when he says,
hands and under your control.
This representation is not made to excite your vanity, but to " Lore, whose month was ever May !"
impress you with a due sense of your obligations. You cannot And Milton sanctions its presence in the nuptial-bower of his take a rational view of the stations to which you are advancing, or vernal paradise :
of the duties that are coming upon you, without feeling deeply
your need of high and peculiar qualifications. In committing to “Here Lore his golden shafts employs, here lights
you her interests and privileges, society imposes upon you correHis constant lamp, and waves his purple wings,
sponding claims, and demands that you be prepared to fill, with Reigns here and revels.”
honour and usefulness, the places which you are destined to But there are feelings and principles of a higher order than even occupy. She looks to you for future protection and support, and the most refined affection of one human creature for another, while she opens her arms to welcome you to ber high immunities founded on that love to the Creator which leads to the works of and her hopes, she requires of you the cultivation of those virtues, benevolence and Christian charity, so signally promoted by the and the attainment of those qualifications, which can alone prepare public meetings in our metropolis which crowd the diary of the you for the duties and scenes of future life. month of May. This is an homage to the God of the seasons, and
Such, then, being the claims of society, let us inquirehis means of regenerating his “eternal spring” within the human breast, of a character incomparably higher, because more endur. II. How you may be prepared to mect them. ing, than the fugitive ecstacies and inward joys not based on an 1. And, first of all, it is demanded that you awake to a serious imperishable foundation.
consideration of the duties and prospects before you. I mention this first, because, if a young man cannot be persuaded to consider
what he is, and what he is to become in future life, nothing worthy CLAIMS OF SOCIETY ON YOUNG MEN.* or good can be expected of him. And, unhappily, this is the When Catiline attempted to overthrow the liberties of Rome, think. They seem
resolved to live only for the present moment,
character of too many young men. They cannot be made to he began by corrupting the young men of the city, and forming them for deeds of daring and crime. In this he acted with keen and for present gratification. As if the whole of their existence discernment of what constitutes the strength and safety of a com
were comprised in the passing hour, and they had no concern in munity-the VIRTUE -and INTELLIGENCE of its Youth-espe
any future duty or event, they never cast forward a thought to cially of its YOUNG MEN. This class of persons has, with much
their coming days, nor inquire how they are to fulfil the great end propriety, been denominated the flower of a country—the rising
of their being. hope of the church and society. Whilst they are preserved
Of these gay and thoughtless triflers, society has nothing to uncorrupted, and come forward with enlightened minds and good expect. They may have their little day of sunshine and pleasure; morals, to act their respective parts on the stage of life, the then they will vanish and be forgotten, as if they had never been. foundations of social order and happiness are secure, and no wea
This is unworthy the character of a rational being. Man was pon formed against the safety of the community can prosper.
made for a nobler end than thus to pass away life in mere levity This, indeed, is a truth so obvious, that all wise and benevolent and trifling. He was made for thought and reflection ; he was men, whether statesmen, philanthropists, or ministers of religion, made to serve God and his generation, in a life of beneficent have always felt a deep and peculiar interest in this class of action; and he never exercises his faculties more in accordance society ; and in all attempts to produce reformation and advance
with the dignity of his nature, than when he considers the end for human happiness, the young, and particularly young men, have
which he was created, and inquires how he may best fulfil the engaged their first and chief regards.
great purposes of his being. And this, my friends, is an exercise How entirely this accords with the spirit of inspiration, it is peculiarly appropriate at your time of life. Joyous and flattering needless to remark. Hardly any one trait of the Bible is more
as the prospect before you may seem, let me tell you there is much prominent than its benevolent concern for the youthful generations in it that is fitted to make you serious and thoughtful. You of men. On them its instructions drop as the rain, and distil as
cannot take a just view of your state and prospects, without feel. the dew; around their path it pours its purest light and sweetest ing that you are placed in circumstances of deep and solemn promises; and by every motive of kindness and entreaty, of shifting and transient scene, to sojourn a little while as proba
Your Creator has placed you here in the midst of a invitation and warning, aims to form them for duty and happiness, tioners for eternity, then to pass from the stage and be here no for holiness and God.
He has formed you for society, for duty and happiness ; From Lectures to Young Men, by the Rev. Dr. Hawes, of Hartford, and has so connected you with the living beings around you, that New England.
they, as well as yourselves, are to feel the good or ill effects of
your conduct, long after you shall have gone to render up your art, is rot only preparing to appear with honour and usefulness account at his bar. How imperious, to beings in such a state, is as a member of society, but is secure from a thousand temptations the duty of consideration! How wise, how all-important to and evils to which he would otherwise be exposed. He knows inquire-What am I, and what is my destination in this and the what to do with his leisure time. It does not hang heavily on his future world ? For what end was I created, and for what purpose hands. He has no inducement to resort to bad company, or the placed here in the midst of beings like myself? What are the haunts of dissipation and vice; he has higher and nobler sources relations which I sustain to those beings and to society? What of enjoyment in himself. At pleasure, he can call around him the duties which I owe to them? How can I be prepared to the best of company,—the wisest and greatest men of every age perform those duties, and how accomplish the great end for which and country,—and feast his mind with the rich stores of knowledge my Creator gave me existence, and placed me in this world of which they spread before him. A lover of good books can never probation and trial? The man who thinks lightly of such inqui- be in want of good society, nor in much danger of seeking enjoy. ries, or who never brings them home to his own bosom, as matters ment in the low pleasures of sensuality and vice. of direct, personal concern, violates every principle of reason and 3. Another thing demanded of you by society, is an upright common prudence. Let me press them upon you, my young and virtuous character. If a young man is loose in his principles friends, as demanding your first and chief attention. They are and habits; if he lives without plan and without object, spending indeed grave inquiries; and light, trifling minds may reject them his time in idleness and pleasure, there is more hope of a fool because they are so. They are suggested by the reality of things; than of him. He is sure to become a worthless character, and a and never, without a due consideration of them, can you be pernicious member of society. He forgets his high destination as qualified for the duties of life, or sustain the responsibilities so a rational, immortal being; he degrades himself to a level wite soon to come upon you as members of society.
the brute ; and is not only disqualified for all the serious duties 2. Another requisite for meeting the claims of society is of life, but proves himself a nuisance and a curse to all with whom intelligence, or a careful cultivation of your minds. In despotic he is connected. governments, where the subject is a mere vassal, and has no part No young man can hope to rise in society, or act worthily his either in making or executing the laws, ignorance is, no doubt, as part in life, without a fair, moral character. The basis of such a the advocates of legitimacy claim, an essential qualification of a character is virtuous principle; or a deep, fixed sense of nioral good citizen. The less he knows of his rights, the more con- obligation, sustained and invigorated by the fear and the love of tented he is to be deprived of them ; and the less he understands God. The man who possesses such a character can be trusted. of duty, the more pliable he is as a mere instrument of ambition Integrity, truth, benevolence, justice, are not with him words
Not so in this country (United States). Here without meaning ; he knows and he feels their sacred import, and every man is a public man. He has an interest in the community, aims, in the whole tenor of his life, to exemplify the virtues they and exerts an important influence over the interests of others. He express. Such a man has decision of character ;—he knows what is a freeman; and this ought always to mean the same thing as an is right, and is firm in doing it. Such a man has independence intelligent man. He possesses the right of suffrage; and, in the of character ;-he thinks and acts for himself, and is pot to be exercise of that right, he is often called to aid in the election of made a tool of to serve the purposes of party. Such a man has rulers,—to deliberate and act respecting the public welfare,--to consistency of character ;-he pursues a straight forward course, fill offices of influence and trust, and to perform innumerable and what he is to-day, you are sure of finding him to-morrow. duties in the course of life, which can be well performed only in Such a man has true worth of character ;—and his life is a blessing the possession of an intelligent and well-furnished mind. And to himself, to his family, to society, and to the world. certainly, whatever be a man's circumstances, he cannot but be a Aim then, my friends, to attain this character,-aim at virtue happier and more useful man by possessing such a mind. and moral excellence. This is the first, the indispeosable qualifi
It is not an extended, critical acquaintance with the sciences, on cation of a good citizen. It imparts life, and strength, and beauty, which I here insist; this must of necessity be confined to a few : not only to individual character, but to all the institutions and but such a measure of knowledge as may be acquired by men of interests of society. It is indeed the dew and the rain that business, by all men who will but make a proper use of their nourish the vine and the fig-tree, by which we are shaded and faculties and time. Franklin was a man of business; he was an refreshed. apprentice boy in a printing-office; but by a careful improvement 4. Another thing demanded of you by society is public spirit. of that time, which by many young men is thrown away, he Every young man should come forward in life with a determination became one of the wisest statesmen and most distinguished philo- to do all the good he can, and to leave the world the better for sophers of bis day. Sherman, too, of our own state, was a man his having lived in it. He should consider that he was not made of business; he was a shoe-maker ; but by self-impulse, by for himself alone ; but for society, for mankind, and for God. patient, untiring effort, he rose from the bench of the shoe-maker, He should feel that he is a constituent, responsible member of the seated himself in the halls of congress, and there took his place great family of man; and while he should pay particular attention with the first.
to the wants and the welfare of those with whom he is immediately A small portion of that leisure time which you all possess, and connected, he should accustom himself to send his thoughts abroad, which, by too many, is given to dissipation and idleness, would over the wide field of practical benevolence, and early learn to feel enable any young man to acquire a very general knowledge of and act for the good of his species. men and things. A judicious economy of that time, for one year, I say early, because if you do not begin, in the morning of life, would afford you opportunity to read a great many useful volumes, to cherish a public spirit-a spirit of active, enterprising benevoand to treasure up much useful knowledge. The means of intel- lence, you will probably never possess much of it. This is a lectual improvement were never more abundant or accessible to virtue that rarely springs up late in life. If it grow and flourish all classes of persons than at the present day; and, I may add, at all, it must be planted in youth, and be nourished by the warm never were there stronger inducements for young men to avail sunshine and rain of the spring season of life. He who cares only themselves of those means, and to aim at high attainments in for himself in youth, will be a very niggard in manhood, and a knowledge. Society is rapidly advancing in general improvement; wretched miser in old age. the field of enterprise is fast widening, and useful talents of every And consider what a poor, miserable kind of existence it is, to kind find ample scope for employment. And permit me to remind live only to one's self. It is indeed but half living. “Selfishness you, my friends, that, in respect to mental improvement, the has been well termed a starveling vice. It is its own curse. He present is the most important period of your life. It is, indeed, who does no good, gets none. He who cares not for others, will the only period in which you can enter upon such a course of soon find that others will not care for him. As he lives to him. improvement with any hope of success. If from the age of fifteen self, so he will die to himself, and nobody will miss him, or be to twenty-five a young man neglects the cultivation of his mind, sorry that he is gone *." he will probably neglect it till the end of life. If during that Guard against this temper, my friends, as most unworthy in period he does not form a habit of reading, of observation, and itself
, and destructive of all respectability and usefulness
. Cultireflection, he will never form such a habit; but go through the vate a spirit of enlarged benevolence,-a generous, self-denying, world as the dull ass goes to market, none the wiser for all the public spirit
, which shall cause you to feel and take an interest in wonders that are spread around him.
whatever affects the happiness, or conduces to the improvement I am the more anxious to impress this subject on your minds, of your fellow-men. Especially is this a duty incumbent on you because I consider your usefulness, your present and future happi- at the present day. It is a day of action, of action in the cause ness, as most intimately connected with it. A young man who has a fondness for books, or a taste for the works of nature and
* James's Christian Father's Present.
of God and human happiness. The young men of this generation you take the most effectual measures to promote your own respecare called to a great work. God is fast preparing the way for tability and happiness. The young man of inconsideration and this world's emancipation from the thraldom and misery under thoughtlessness, of gaiety and fashion, may shine and sparkle for which it has been groaning for six thousand years; and to those a little moment; and during that moment, he may be the admirawho are now coming upon the stage, does he extend the high tion, and perhaps envy, of persons as vain and thoughtless as bimprivilege and honour of bearing a part in effecting this glorious self. But he soon passes the season of gaiety and mirth, and what work. See to it, then, that you forfeit not the honour, by acting is he then ? A worthless, neglected cipher in society. His preon the principle of a narrow and contracted selfishness. Cherish sent course of life has no reference to the scenes and duties of riper that poble, that disinterested, that rare patriotism, which will years. His youth is entirely disconnected from his manhood. It make you prefer the public interest to your own ;-your country's is a portion of his existence which he throws away; and perhaps prosperity and glory to your own honour and emolument.
worse than throws away, because he contracts habits which unfit
him for sober lift, and cleave to him as an enfeebling, disgusting III. In glancing at the motives which urge upon you the duty disease, all his days. of being prepared to meet the claims of society, it is encouraging Beaux and fops, and the whole pleasure-loving fraternity, are to observe,
short-lived creatures. They look pretty in the gay sunshine of ). That the qualifications demanded are entirely within your summer ; but, poor things ! they cannot endure the approach of power. There is not one of you who cannot awake to a serious autumn and winter. They have their little hour of enjoyment, and consideration of the duties and responsibilities that are soon to that is the end of them. be devolved upon you ; and this is the first and main thing neces. On the other hand, the young man who seriously considers the sary to your being prepared to sustain them. There is not one nature and design of his being ; who shuns the society and flees of you who cannot become intelligent, virtuous, public-spirited, the amusements of the thoughtless and the vicious ; who devotes and pious; and, adorned with these graces, you will be prepared his vacant hours to the improvement of his mind and heart, and to fill, with honour to yourselves, and usefulness to society, aims at the acquisition of those habits and virtues which may quathe various stations to which God in his providence may call lify him for the duties of life,—such a young man cannot fail to you.
rise in respectability, in influence, and honour. 2. It is a consideration of great weight, that the claims, of His virtues and attainments make room for him in society, and which we have been speaking, are fixed upon you, and there is draw around him the confidence and respect, the affection and no possibility of escaping from them. God has brought you into support, of all worthy and good men. The pursuits of his youth being in circumstances of deep and solemr interest. He has cast bear directly on the enjoyments and usefulness of his manhood. your lot in the midst of a Christian and civilised society, and There is no waste of his existence ; no contraction of bad habits to surrounded you with privileges of a very high and peculiar cha- obscure the meridian or darken the decline of life. The course racter. Soon you are to come upon the stage to aet the part upon which he enters, like the path of the just, shines brighter and assigaed you,-soon to have committed to you all the various brighter unto the perfect day. This motive, my young friends, and infinitely important interests of this community. And for you cannot duly consider without feeling its constraining influence. the manner in which you sustain these interests, you are held You are all in the pursuit of happiness; you all desire the esteem accountable at the bar of your final Judge. In this matter there and respect of your fellow-men. Here is the way, and the only is no discharge, and there is no neutrality. Whether you shall way, to attain it. An enlightened mind, a virtuous character, a exist as members of society, and finally give account of your useful life ;-these are the dignity and the glory of man. They conduct, is not submitted to your choice. This point God has make him lovely in the sight of angels and God; and secure for decided. You must exist; you must exist in the midst of society; him present peace and everlasting happiness. -burdened with the weighty responsibilities that grow out of the 5. Consider, again, how pleasant will be the retrospect of past relations you sustain to the living beings around you, and to the life, if you faithfully serve God and your generation according to generations that are coming after you; and you must take the his will. It is but a little time, before you, who are young, will be eternal consequences of living and acting in these deeply inter- looking upon a generation rising up to take your places, just as the esting circumstances. Nothing more, one would think, need be fathers are now looking upon you. You will soon pass the merisaid to excite you to a diligent improvement of your talents, and dian of life, and be going down its decline to the invisible world. to an untiring, faithful discharge of the duties which you owe to Consider that time as come-as present. Think of yourselves as yourselves, to your fellow-men, and to God.
retiring from the scene of action ; your heads whitened with the 3. Consider next the value of the interests that are soon to be snows of age, and your limbs stiffened with the frosts of winter. committed to you. Much is said, and most justly, of the happy, how cheering to be able now to look back upon a life of bene. state of society in which our lot is cast. We may truly say, the ficent and useful action ; a life spent in the service of God and for lines have fallen to us in pleasant places, and we have a goodly the good of mankind ! How pleasant and consoling to reflect, that heritage. It is a heritage which is endeared to us by a thousand you have done your duty as members of society, and have sus. tender and sacred associations ; for which our fathers laboured and tained, honourably, the great interests that were committed to you! prayed; for which they lived and died ;-which has been preserved How animating, too, the prospect before you,-how glorious the to us through many dangers and conflicts, and at a great expense anticipations of the future ! All the great interests of society safe ; of treasure and blood. It is a heritage, on which the smiles of all its institutions secure and flourishing; a generation rising up Heaven have always rested, -which comprises more good with less under the influence of your example and training, intelligent, virevil, than is anywhere else to be found on earth : which contains, tuous, enterprising ; prepared to fill your places, and carry on the in short, all that is most essential to the perfection and happiness system of human affairs. To them you commend all that you hold of man, both in this and the future world. Of this inheritance, most dear on earth,--the high interests of the church and young men, you are soon to be the guardians and defenders. To society,-happy in the assurance, that they will sustain the sacred all its institutions and blessings, to all its privileges and hopes, you trust, and transmit the precious inheritance entire to those who are the natural heirs, and on you lies the weighty obligation of shall come after them. To a mind gladdened with such reflections preserving it entire, for the generation that is to succeed you. If and prospects, how bright and benignant shines the sun of you fail to be qualified for the high trust, or prove unfaithful in declining life? The shades of evening gather around him in the sacred duties which it involves, how fearful the consequences, peace; he reposes in joyful hope, and all his powers are -- how irreparable the loss! It is entirely in your power to turn invigorated and cheered by the delightful visions that burst upon this garden of the Lord into a desolation : to sweep from it all his view. that is goodly and fair. Let but the rising generation come upon And now, in view of the whole, may I not hope, that ere you rise the stage, without intelligence, without virtue, without public from your seats, and in every future emergency of life, prompted spirit, without piety; inconsiderate, dissipated, vicious; and in by the warm impulse of duty, you will raise to heaven the expresthirty years, the dismal change would be realised. Yes, my beloved sive prayer, friends, on you it depends, under God, whether this goodly inheri
" Father of light and life! Thou good supreme ! tance shall be preserved or destroyed; whether the morals, the
O teach me what is good! Teach me Thyself ! religion, the good order and freedom which now so happily prevail
Save me from folly, vanity, and vice, in the community, shall be continued, or give place to profligacy,
From every low pursuit ! And feed my soul to irreligion, and wild misrule.
With knowledge, conscious peace, and virtue pure ; 4. While you aim to fulfil the duties which you owe to society,
Sacred, substantial, never-fading bliss."
SECRETS OF COMFORT. A talkative fellow is like an unbraced drum, which beats a wise man out Though sometimes small evils, like invisible insects, inflict pain, and a of his wits. Surely nature did not guard the tongue with the double fence single hair may stop a vast machine, yet the chief secret of comfort lies in of teeth and lips, but that she meant it should not move too nimbly. I like not suffering trifles to vex one, and in prudently cultivating an undergrowth in Isocrates, when of a scholar full of words he asked a double fee : one to of small plcasures, since very few great ones, alas ! are let on long leases. lenrn him to speak well, another to teach him to hold his peace.-Owen Sharp's Essays. Feltham.
THE GRATEFUL BONZE.
A mandarin, who took much pride in appearing with a number of jewels At Dunrobin Castle, in Sutherlandshire, the northern seat of the Duke of on every part of his robe, was once accosted by an old sly bonze,who, following Sutherland, there was, in May, 1820, to be seen a terrier-bitch nursing a brood him through several streets and bowing often to the ground, thanked him for of ducklings. She had had a litter of whelps a few weeks before, which were his jewels. " What does the man mean?" cried the mandarin.
“ Friend, taken from her and drowned. The unfortunate mother was quite disconso- I never gave thee any of my jewels.” “No," replied the other, late, till she perceived the brood of ducklings, which she immediately seized have let me look at them, and that is all the use you can make of them and carried off to her lair, where she retained them, following them out and yourself ; so there is no difference between us, except that you have the in with the greatest attention, and nursing them, after her own fashion, with trouble of watching them, and that is an employment I do not much desire." the most affectionate anxiety. When the ducklings, following their natural Goldsmith's Citizen of the World. instinct, went into the water, their foster mother exhibited the utmost
ANTS OF GUIANA. alarm : and as soon as they returned to land, she snatched them up in her mnouth and ran home with them. What adds to the singularity of the cir
In the far-extending wilds of Guiana, the traveller will be astonished at cumstance is, that the same animal, when deprived of a litter of puppies the
the immense quantity of ants which he perceives on the ground and in the following year, seized two cock-chickens, which she reared with the like trees. They have nests in the branches four or five times as large as that care she bestowed on her former family. When the young cocks began to
of the rook, and they have a covered-way from them to the ground. In this try their voices, their foster-mother was as much annoyed as she formerly covered-way thousands are perpetually passing and repassing, and if you seemed to be by the swimming of the ducklings, and never failed to repress
destroy part of it, tliey turn to and immediately repairit. Other species of ants, their attempts at crowing.-Brown's Anecdotes of Dogs.
again, have no covered-way, but travel, exposed to view, upon the surface of
the earth. You will sometimes see a string of these ants a mile long, each RECREATION.
carrying in its mouth to its nest a green leaf, the size of a sixpence. It is Make thy recreation servant to thy business, lest thou become slave to thy wonderful to observe the order in which they move, and with what pains recreation. When thou goest up into the mountain, leave this servant in and labour they surmount the obstructions of the path.-Walerion. the valley: when thou goest to the city, leave him in the suburbs, and
CAPABILITY GREATER THAN PERFORMANCE. remember the servant must not be greater than the master.- Quarles.
Men are often capable of greater things than they perform. They are sent INDIAN INK.
into the world with bills of credit, and seldom draw to their full extentThe Chinese, or, as it is miscalled, Indian ink has been erroneously Horace Walpole. supposed to consist of the secretion of a species of sepia, or cuttle-fish. It is,
EARLY COMMERCE OF BRITAIN however, all manufactured from lamp-black ard gluten, with the addition
At the time of the invasion, the Romans flattered themselves with the of a little musk to give it a more agreeable odour. Père Coutancin gave the
hope of conquering an island of which the shores abounded with pearls, following as a process for making the ink :- A number of lighted wicks are
and the soil with orcs of the more precious metals. Their avarice was. how. put into a vessel full of oil ; over this is hung a dome or funnel-shaped cover
ever, defeated. Of gold or silver not the smallest trace was discovered ; nor of iron, at such a distance as to receive the smoke. When well coated with
were the British pearls of a size or colour which could reward the labour of lamp-black, this is brushed off and collected upon paper; it is then well
the collector. Yet the invasion produced one advantage to the natives. mixed in a mortar with a solution of gum or gluten, and which reduced to
They sought, and at last discovered, ores of the very metals after which the consistence of paste, is put into little moulds, where it receives those shapes and impressions with which it comes to this country. It is occa
Roman avarice had so anxiously but fruitlessly inquired; and the British
exports, at the commencement of the Christian era, comprised, if we may sionally manufactured in a great variety of forms and sizes, and stamped with ornamental devices, either plain or in gold and various colours.--The silver, tin, lead, and iron, skins, slaves, and dogs.- Lingard.
credit a contemporary and well-informed writer, corn and cattle, gold and Chinese, by J. F. Daries.
The faculty of imagination is the great spring of human activity, and the A cheerful compan is a treasure ; and all will gather around you as
principal source of human improvement. As it delights in presenting to the such if you are faithful to yourself ; exercise will make you cheerful, and
mind scenes and characters more perfect than those which we are acquainted cheerfulness will make friends. — Todd's Student's Manual.
with, it prevents us from ever being completely satisfied with our present ECONOMY.
condition, or with our past attainments; and engages us continually in the All to whom want is terrible, upon whatever principle, ought to think pursuit of some untried enjoyment, or of some ideal excellence. Hence the themselves obliged to learn the sage maxims of our parsimonious ancestors, ardour of the selfish to better their fortunes, and to add to their personal and attain the salutary art of contracting expense; for without economy
accomplishments; and hence the zeal of the patriot and the philosopher to none can be rich, and with it few can be poor. The mere power of saving advance the virtue and the happiness of the human race. Destroy this what is already in our hands must be of ensy acquisition to every mind; faculty, and the condition of man will become as stationary as that of the and as the example of Lord Bacon may show that the highest intellect brutes.-Dugald Stewart. cannot safely neglect it, a thousand instances every day prove that the
A FEW WORDS TO THE WISE. humblesi may practise it with success.--Rambler.
A few words may encourage the benevolent passions, and may dispose DANGERS OF SOLITUDE.
people to live in peace and happiness ;-a few words may set them at Ho had need to be well underlaid that knows how to entertain himself
variance, and may lead to misery.- Miss Edgworth. with his own thoughts. Company, variety of employments or recreations
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPEAKING AND WRITING. may wear out the day with the cmptiest hearts; but when a man has no society but of himself, no task to set himself upon but what arises from his own
A good speaker cannot fail to be at least a tolerable writer ; waiving, as bosom, surely, if he have not a good stock of former notions, or an inward
he must then do, all the personal and physical elements of figure, voice, mint of new, he sball soon run out of all, and, as some forlorn bankrupt,
manner, &c. that might go to constitute in part his oratorical excellence. grow weary of himself.-Bishop Hall.
But the faculty of writing is one that may grow up in the shade ; many a
man strong on paper, might go forth from his closet, and prove himself a UNIVERSAL ATTRIBUTES OF WOMEN.
mere child in the senate, at the bar, or on the hustings. I have observed among all nations that the women ornament themselves more than the men ; that wherever found they are the same kind, civil,
MEASURE YOUR STRENGTH. obliging, lumane, tender beings; that they are ever inclined to be gay and I had been passing a day at St. Omer, on my way to Paris. To while away chcerful, timorous and modest. They do not hesitate, like men, to perform the time, to deliver myself from the tediousness of an inn, I had been a hospitable or generous action; not haughty nor arrogant, nor supercilious, playing draughts, drinking coffee, and discussing all sorts of subjects with a but full of courtesy, and fond of society; industrious, economical, ingenuous; young Englishman, intended, I believe, for a physician, who had been edg. niore liable in general to err than man, but in general, also, more virtuous,
cated abroad from his childhood. In the course of our conference, quito and performing more good actions than he. I never addressed myself, in gratuitously, and without the smallest provocation on my part, he began to the language of decency and friendship, to a woman, whether civilised or talk downright infidelity. I accepted his challenge, unadvisedly, for I was savage, without receiving a decent and friendly answer. With man it has unequal to the contest. He had studied the subject, was conversant with often been otherwise. In wandering over the barren plains of inhospitable the main arguments, had got up a variety of points upon it; and besides he Denmark, through honest Sweden, frozen Lapland, rude and churlish was readier with his words than myself, and probably, with his wits also. Finland, unprincipled Russia, and the wide-spread regions of the wandering on the whole, I was no match for him. We were long and deep in the disTartar, if hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, woman has ever been friendly to cussion; it was only just as I was about to start, that he went away, and me, and uniformly so; and to add to this virtue, so worthy of the appella- left me with my whole mind in a ferment.-Scl-Formation. tion of benevolence, these actions have been performed in so free and kind a manner, that, if I was dry, I drank the sweet draught, and if hungry, ate London: WILLIAM SMITH, 113, Fleet Street. Edinburgh: FRASER the coarse morsel with a double relish-Ledyard's Siberian Journal.
& Co. Dublin: CURRY & Co.-Printed by Bradbury & Evans, Whitefriars.