Imagens das páginas
[blocks in formation]



The neist we never saw !"


you a sum of money “ lying idle at your banker's ?" Publish it in

the Times, and you might as well upset a bee-hive. Do you want We are very partial to a kind of dozing stare over the great a baby taken care of “from the month," or a widow of respectadvertising broadsheet of the Times. With reverence we speak ability to superintend “your domestic arrangements ?" or a young it, we have often enjoyed as much instruction and as much lady, who teaches music, drawing, manners, morals, and all the amusement from it, as from a perusal of those interior columns accomplishments, and speaks French as fluently as a native? or a wherein float the awful thunder-clouds. Not that we presume to

young man who knows four languages, and has travelled much on be indifferent to the magical words which duly appear under the the Continent ? or a share in a lucrative business, where you can time-worn emblem—the dial, pointing everlastingly to precisely be a sleeping partner, and realise fifty per cent. ? Go to the five minutes past six, and reminding us of all that has taken place Times, for these and a thousand other wants, and it will be in Printing-house Square during our tranquil slumbers; and the marvellous if you do not get somebody or something that will three books—the book of the Past, and the yet unopened book of

do. the Future ; while in the centre, broad, conspicuous, and staring,

There are certain titles and certain expressions in the adver. stands THE TIMES, claiming instant attention

tisements, on which the Times must realise a handsome annual “ The present moment is our ain,

Such, for instance, as—"Respectable references given and

required," “ Board and Lodging,” “ Sales by Auction,” and But it is of the times, as reflected in the advertising sheet of the “Want Places—all letters to be post-paid." A professional Times, that we wish now to talk to our readers. Lackington, gentleman has a house larger than he can occupy himself, and the bookseller, in his “ Life,” and Fearon, the wine and spirit would be glad to meet with two brothers or friends, or a married merchant, before a committee of the House of Commons, have couple without children, who would help him to fill it—"respecspoken of the gratification which their respective businesses table references given and required.” A commercial man, whose afforded them, in the study of the physiognomies and appearance flourishing business would be the better for additional capital to of their customers. On the same principle, the collecting clerk in extend it, is desirous of meeting with a gentleman possessed of the counting-house of the Times must have a profound insight two thousands in cash—"respectable references given and reinto the structure of our social state. The bearers of that flood of quired.” A party who have engaged a yacht for a pleasure-trip to advertisements, which sets in daily and incessantly to Printing the Mediterranean, wish a few ladies and gentlemen to join them house square, must present to him a study of the most varied and _“respectable references given and required." The friends of a interesting nature. Yet, after all, he may be only an “honest lady, who has moved in good society, are desirous of obtaining rogue," who considers that looking in folks' faces is no part of for her a situation to preside over a gentleman's establishmenthis business, which is simply to take money, give receipts, and “respectable references given and required.” The constant enter results accordingly.

recurrence of such a phrase in the many advertisements of the To us every advertisement has eyes, mouth, and ears : it is the Times, reminds us of the kissing of the marble toe of a statue shadow of somebody; it is the expression of some individual's by thousands of devotees. wishes, hopes, fears, or anxieties. We look upon the Times as a A clever lady has told us “how to observe' when we are on sort of social mash-tun, where the bruised malt of human society our travels ; and as there is no reason why we may not observe at is laid, to undergo the first process of being converted into liquor. home as well as abroad, we may here point out one or two facts Cravers and canters, beggars and boasters, the poor and the to be observed by the reader of the advertising broadsheet of the proud, the careless loser and the honest finder, the enthusiastic Times. 1. From the great number of advertisements, in which inventor and the embarrassed tradesmen, the shabby genteel and respectable or unexceptionable references are offered to be given, the genteel shabby, the sanguine lazy man and the struggling as compared with those wbich also require them, we infer (of industrious one, horse-dealers and quacks, ship-owners and auc- course) that more people ask favours than bestow them. 2. tioneers, booksellers and tailors, all meet here, as on common From the great standing number of BOARD AND LODGING ads. ground: it is a sort of great “shooting gallery," where every (this is the save-time abbreviation of the printers) we infer that man, whether he be a marksman or not, may try his luck, on there are a great number of unmarried young and middle-aged payment of an entrance-fee. There is but one door for the lite. men resident in London, and that a considerable number of rary man, the author of several popular works, and the laundress families live by administering to their creature-comfort. 3. From wbo has good drying grounds and fine air. Are you a young the number of offers of “ Apartments,” furnished or unfurnished, man, a good classical scholar, a university graduate, willing to we infer that it is difficult in London to get a small comfortable make yourself generally useful, and to whom salary is no object? | house in a genteel situation, adapted to a limited income, or a Go to the Times, any day of the year, and you will be suited. small family; and that, therefore, people who wish to be thought Would you like board and lodging in a musical family, without respectable (though possessed of limited means) take larger young children, and where you could enjoy good society ? Ad houses than they require, in the hope of meeting with families to vertise in the Times, and you will receive 365 applications. Have share them with them. Now, these three inferences are about as



Bradbury 201 Evans, Printers, Whitefriars,

[ocr errors]

with one,

good as some to be met with in travellers' books, sold at ten shil. to “ form an establishment on joint-account,” he bluntly says, lings or a guinea the volume.

“ in Germany it would be very difficult, if at all possible, to find But we have another “ how to observe" observation to make, qualified partners, therefore I will not try it." more important than the preceding—namely, the sameness, the For ourselves, when we wish to enjoy one of the advertising want of distinctive character, which pervades the great mass of broadsheets, we begin with the beginning, and read on to the end. situation-asking advertisements. We do not allude to the adver. We have neither the intention nor the means of moving from our tisements of butlers, cooks, and housemaids, who must ask after domicile in this great metropolis; yet we like to see what ships are a given and approved fashion ; but to the advertisements of sailing for Calcutta or Jamaica, and what steam-communication educated ladies and gentlemen. When we have read the advertise there is between London and St. Petersburgh, or London and ment of one governess, we have read five hundred. Poor things ! | Aberdeen. We have but little to spare in the way of charity; yet it would not do for them to appear the least outré, or to scare the we read with keen interest appeals “to the benevolent and conventional proprieties of phrase ; so they all march in full humane," not without suspicion, at times, that they are specula. dress, wear a melancholy smile, drop a dignified curtsey, and, in tions on what five or ten shillings may produce; or in the hope quiet, lisping accents, announce, that they are competent to that, if one be a “case of real distress,” the humanity of Englishmen instruct in English, French, and Italian,-can handle the harp will not be appealed to in vain. We have but little interest in and piano,- and give the most unexceptionable references to buying and selling; yet we like to see what chances are in the way, families where they have had the pleasure of living for the last or what bargains are on the wind. Not a particle of concern have three or four years. Casually taking up a copy of the Times as we in any company, either for making a railroad, or manufacturing ve write, we observe that a family near town want a governess, moonshine; yet we sometimes con fresh issued prospectuses as who must be “a lady of decided religious principles and of culti- earnestly as if we were about to take from two to five hundred vated mind, capable of instructing advanced as well as younger shares. We require neither tutors nor cooks, governesses por pupils in the usual branches of a refined and solid education, and housemaids, roan geldings nor dappled grey cobs—but somebody of forming their characters on Christian principles.” Here are always does; and, therefore, as we affect to be philosophers, we lofty demands, qualifications, mental and moral, required of the say, in the spirit of the old Roman, “I am a man; whatever conrarer order; and one is tempted to ask what salary this family cerns humanity concerns me.” Above all do we sympathise with near town intends to give to such a qualified lady, should they meet the ingenious inventors, who are persuaded that if any kind body

and what treatment they intend to give her. All we would just hold out his purse to be emptied, they would realise know is, that marriages, comfortable marriages, would be more fortunes. Such may be seen in every paper. We pick up one, numerous even than they are, if such ladies were more abundant. out of several recent papers lying at our elbow, and looking in Teaching ladies are certainly more entitled to sympathy than the most random manner, find one addressing “ Promoters of teaching gentlemen; and yet we frequently feel our gorge rising at Science,” but warning people not to apply unless they can comthe nu.merous advertisements of Messrs. Squeers and Co., all of mand £10,000 ; another telling “ Capitalists” that he offers them them asking for intelligent and educated young men to come and an opportunity, “which is seldom or ever to be met with, of be kicked. It was, therefore, with a genuine hearty relish, that we yielding an immense fortune," and asking for a gentleman with read one the other day, asking for a tutor to go out with pupils to from £2000 to £3000 ; and a third from a lady, dear, honest, the East Indies, at a salary of first 2001., and then 3001., and ingenious soul !—who would fill the pockets of anybody that would to pass the hot months of the year at a cool station on the advance her £60. Nilgherry bills. Run, run, ye graduates of Cambridge and But we cannot say that we like to see a clergyman "in full Oxford !

orders,” and of “evangelical principles," advertising for a chapel Talking of want of character in the advertisements, we may to rent or buy, for that looks (though the transaction may be right observe, further, that our pleasure in reading the advertisements enough in particular cases) like turning religion into a job ; nor in the Times is derived more from their variety in matter than in can we sympathise with those who offer five, ten, fifty, or a hundred

When an advertising Englishman steps out of the usual pounds, for a situation, for that has the appearance of a sneaking routine, he rarely does it well, unless he be a professional quack, bribe;—in Dublin they do it after an Irish and droll fashion, for, and advertising is a part of his regular business. Some time ago, instead of saying openly and broadly fifty pounds, an advertiser an advertisement appeared, repeated at intervals, which announced offers fifty thanks. Nor do we like to see advertised, as was the that the advertiser wanted a situation as a sort of confidential case the other day, a genuine lock of Milton's hair, for that is on hanger-on to a gentleman : he could talk, walk, run, ride, shoot, a par with the offer of a child's caul. And we feel a kind of halfand sing an excellent song, but never better than his patron, unless nervous sensation when we see an advertisement for a secretary, or required. This was out othe usual order, but it was vulgar, and for a master to an endowed school, or for a matron to a workhouse, only suited to catch the eye of a Marquis Fordwater. But, gene- or for a manager to a banking company, or even for a porter to a rally speaking, situations are sought, and people ask for partners, warehouse : for we can see the news running like wildfire, the clerks, and servants, in a certain established phraseology, unless crowds running like mad, the certificates signing, the letters occasionally a young man announces that his “ abilities are greater writing, heaven and earth moved, to secure the “ berth.” Oh! than his means,” and that, therefore, he would likis “to take a may it never be our lot to form one of a thousand candidates for & leading situation in a house, at a liberal salary, with a view of situation of £300 per annum; nor one in five hundred competibecoming a partner." Listen, however, to a foreigner. “I am?" tors for a prize essay, the successful candidate to receive fifty says Meyer, the Director of the Bibliographic Institution at pounds! And this brings us to our last observation, for our glass Hildbourghausen in Saxony," the sole proprietor of a vast copper is run?: firstly, newspapers, in providing for the mere passing graore formation, which, proved by two years' researches made upontification of the moment, are storing up far more ample materials it, extends over a tract of one and a quarter English miles in for future history, than an absolute monarch could accomplish, length.". Then, after describing the present and prospective value with a whole. host of clerks, chroniclers, and annalists, in his of this property, and his wish to associate with persons of capital train ; and, secondly, if all materials for future history perished,



307 except the advertising columns of the Times, what estimate would in word and deed,—to be kind to the widow and orphan, and be formed of our social state? “The people of the island which bountiful to the poor.". Then taking a little purse, containing

gave them to her son, deli. was called Great Britain,” might the historian of the year 2555 six gold crowns, “from her sleeve,”

vering at the same time a little portmanteau with his linen, to one write, were cannibals of a strange and peculiar order; they not of the bishop's attendants, whom she also charged to pray that only lived upon one another, but they swallowed each other whole; the servant of the squire, under whose care Pierre might be and there was a huge worm in the entrails of their social existence, placed, would look well after him till he grew older ; a request that which had a million mouths, and every mouth cried Give, give ! and also entrusted the bishop's attendant.

was to be enforced by a gratuity of two crowns, with which she yet they were never satisfied !"

Chamberry, the seat of the dukes of Savoy, was at no great dis

tance, and Pierre arrived there with his uncle on the evening after BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

his departure from home, and the next morning he was formally presented to the duke, who courteously accepted bim " as a good

and fair present; with the hope that God would make him a brave THE CHEVALIER BAYARD.

A period of six months, passed in the family of the Savoy, was PIERRE DU TERRAIL, of Bayard in Dauphiny, who obtained

so well employed by the young apprenti des armes, in wrestling, the enviable distinction of the good as well as that of the coura- leaping, riding, and throwing the bar,-besides frequent precepts geous knight, was born in the year 1476. He was the second son and exercises of a moral and spiritual nature, - that he was thought of Aymon de Terrail, also a distinguished knight; who, at the age worthy of presentation to Charles the Eighth of France, then at of fourscore, feeling that death was fast approaching, called his Lyons. But before that event, Pierre, as became an aspirant to four sons to his bedside, in the presence of their mother, to learn all the honours and attributes of knighthood, had chosen from the from their own lips the paths of life they each wished to pursue. affections, and who sincerely returned his passion, which be boped

ducal court of his mistress a “fayre ladye,” on whom he set his The eldest, George, hoping to keep up the dignity of his family, to increase by such deeds in her service as should be worthy of her desired never to leave the chateau, and dutifully to attend upon virtue and beauty. The lovers parted with many tears, but his father to the end of his days.

alleviated their pangs by the mutual assurance of such frequent “ Very well,” replied the old man ; “ since thou lovest the correspondence by letter as was practicable in those times ; a house, thou shalt stay at home to fight the bears." An occu- promise which, notwithstanding an event generally fatal to such pation, it must be stated, neither easy nor inglorious ; for Sir pledges, which afterwards occurred, was faithfully kept, even until

death. Bruin was by no means a despicable enemy, and kept the hunters

Bayard's exhibition of horsemanship before the king drew forth not only constantly vigilant, but afforded them great and frequent the applause of the whole court; which was in a manner perpetuperil.

ated by the nickname of " Picquet” it obtained for him. Charles Pierre's turg came next; and, to the delight of his father, he

was so delighted with the curvetting of the horse, and the grace of chose the profession of arms; hoping, as he said, to emulate the

his rider, that, desiring to see Bayard repeat the action, kept fame of an ancestry, whose warlike deeds already graced the pages shouting to the young horseman, " picquez, piequez ! ( of history. “My child !” exclaimed the father, weeping for joy, “may God spur!--the royal pages and the rest of the býstanders echoing

the word, the whole arena resounded with “ picquez, picquez ! give thee grace to do so.”

The king transferred Picquet to the care of the Lord de Ligny, The other two sons chose the church, of which they afterwards head of the noble house of Luxembourg, with whom he continued became important dignitaries. How Pierre fulfilled the high

as page until arriving at the age of seventeen, and then was envocation he had selected, we shall presently relate ; but what rolled in De Ligny's company; but Pierre had made himself so success the elder brother met with against the bears no historian great a favourite that he still retained his household appointment, bath recorded.

with an allowance of three horses and three hundred crowns a-year. A more graphic picture of the latter days of chivalry could not

We now approach a passage in Bayard's history which makes us be presented than that which the memoirs of Bayard affords ; for, tremble for the sans reproche applied to his character ; but we are besides that kind of interest which is derived from adventurous fain to be consoled by the striking example the following transacdeeds performed at a time when the son of every country gen. tion affords of the dangers of ambition and bad company. At tleman in Europe, who aspired to knighthood, became the hero of this time a Burgundian knight, one Claude de Vaudré, hung up many a romantic feat, the biography of the "good knight” exhi- his shields—the chivalric signal of a challenge—at Lyons, and, bits many passing details of the domestic habits of the time, with the king's permission, invited all adventurers to encounter every trait of his character and adventure of his life having been him, either with spear on horseback, or with battle-axe on foot. recorded, and carefully preserved.

Picquet looked wistfully at the shields, and said, Ah, good So impatient was the father to see his young aspirant equipped, lord, if I knew how to put myself in fitting array, I would right that, the morning next after the solemn scene by the bedside, he gladly touch them !” by which action he would have signified his despatched a messenger for his wife's brother, Monseigneur the

acceptance of the challenge. Abbot of Esnay, who arrived at the Château de Bayard the same

Now, it happened that Bayard had formed an intimacy with a evening. Other relations were assembled, and Pierre“ waited on

comrade named Bellabre, who was evidently one of those free, them at dinner.”* After which, the family conclave agreed that daring, unscrupulous young gentlemen with whom the profession he should enter the service of the Duke of Savoy, between whom of arins had for many years abounded. To this person Piequet and the house of Bayard there had long existed a firm friendship. communicated his regret that the want of fitting armour and The whole matter seems to have been conducted with the utmost

horses would prevent him entering the lists against Vaudré. haste; for the following morning was the time fixed on for his Bellabre replied, “ Hast thou not a rich uncle in the fat Abbot of presentation to the duke. The bishop sent off in all speed to

Esnay? Par Dieu, we will go to him, and, if he will not supply Grenoble for his tailor, who, promptly arriving with sundry the money, we will make free with crosier and mitre. But I assistants, worked all night with such diligence, that, after break- believe, when he knows your good intentions, he will produce it fast, the embryo soldier presented himself in the castle court in

willingly.” his new garments, mounted on a fine little horse, which his uncle

Fired by this assurance, Picquet boldly touched the shields, to had given him; and his daring and successful feats, in spite of the the utter amazement of Montjoye, king at arms, who was stationed animal's efforts to throw him, excited the admiration of the in due form to write down the name of each appellant.

" How ! beholders, and gave earnest of his future proficiency in horseman- my young friend,” exclaimed that officer, “and do you undertake ship.

to combat with Messire Claude de Vaudré, who is one of the His mother, who had been sitting in one of the towers weeping; fiercest knights in Christendom ?” Picquet answered modestly, called him apart, and entreated him to love and serve God, and that he only desired to learn the use of arms from those who could never to omit the duty of praying night and morning,—to be loyal teach him, and hoped that,“ with God's grace, he might do

* Vide " The right Joyous, and Pleasant History of the Feats, Jests, and something to please his ladye." In truth, the young adventurer
Prowesses of Chevalier Bayard, the good Knight, without fear or reproach. felt much more apprehension at the preliminary interview with his
By the Loyal Servant.". Translated from a curious old French work. uncle, than at the encounter with the" fiercest of knights."
London, 1825.

The two friends instantly set off for Esnay, and the eloquence of



Bellabre so far overcame the scruples of the half-grudging prelate, knight was pronounced the victor ; and, having referred the disthat it not only procured an hundred crowns for the purchase of a posal of the prize to the lady, she gave the jewel to the knight who couple of strong horses, but also an order, under the abbot's own was thought to have done best after him, and kept the sleeve “for hand, to Laurencin, a merchant of Lyons, to furnish the now his sake.” Of all this the husband was a spectator; but so well happy nephew with such apparel as he might require. But here did he estimate the characters of the dame and her first lover, that comes that part of the affair wbich makes one regret that our hero he entertained no feeling of jealousy. was sans peur of abetting a dishonest act, and that his ready ac- In 1499, the Italian wars of Louis the Twelfth commenced, and quiescence in the scheme of Bellabre does not leave him quite sans Bayard was again summoned from jousts and tourneys to sieges reproche.

and battles. While in garrison, about twenty miles from Milan, The moment the friends began their backward journey, the the good knight, having led out an adventure against three huntempter exclaimed, while reading the good uncle's order, Ma dred of the enemy's horse, madly followed up an advantage he had foy, when the gods send good fortune men should not refuse it ;– gained into the very heart of the city, and was taken prisoner; the order is unlimited-let us make the most of it!" and, on but, when the general knew who he was, he generously set him reaching the merchant's house, Bellabre boldly stated that his free. instructions were to have his young friend fitted out in a manner Soon after this occurrence, Bayard, being stationed at an outthat should eclipse the whole court; and, there being nothing to post, received intelligence that a rich money-lender, escorted by a contradict him in the order, Laurencin supplied gold and silver party of the enemy's horse, was on his way to the Spanish general. stuffs, embroidered satins, with velvets and other silks, to the There were two ways by which the party might pass, and, station. amount of eight hundred crowns; while, not many hours after, ing himself at one, and an officer, named Tardieu, at the other of the abbot's messenger arrived to restrict the order to an hundred the roads, the chevalier felt pretty secure of bis prey. It happened and twenty. Perhaps, opinions in the chivalrous ages were much that he fell in with the prize, which was found to consist of fifteen more liberal concerning such matters than they are at present; thousand ducats. Tardieu demanded half of the plunder, having for the royal serviteur, in relating this story, sets it in the light of assisted, as he said, in the entreprise (undertaking). Bayard an admirable practical joke, which the defrauded priest himself refused the claim, saying, with a smile, “ Truly—but you were ought to have enjoyed.

not at the prise” (taking). Tardieu referred the dispute to the The military part of the adventure passed off well. Claude de commander-in-chief, who decided against him ; which, however, Vaudré behaved like a good and valiant knight ; for, “whether it he bore with the utmost good-humour, swearing, " by St. George, was Heaven decreed that the honour should be Bayard's, or that that he was a most unlucky dog !" Messire Claude de Vaudré did not, in courtesy, exert his wonted “Are they not pretty things ?" asked le bon chevalier, tantaprowess against so young a combatant, certain it is that no one in lising his comrade by displaying the ducats. the whole combat played his part better or so well.” In short, “ They are, indeed," replied the disappointed Tardieu ; "half Picquet obtained from the ladies the honours of the day, and the that sum would make me rich for life !" trick which had been played upon the Abbot of Esnay became a Bayard's answer was prompt as it was generous. “Only popular court-jest.

half?” he said; “then take them." The astonished soldier fell After this adventure, Pierre was equally successful in a similar on his knees, and expressed his gratitude with tears of joy. one. Having been sent to his master's company stationed at During this war, the chevalier concerted a scheme for capturAire, he gave a tourney himself, and carried off the prizes against ing Pope Julius, whose allegiance to their enemies had rendered no less than forty-six opponents, who all did their best, and were him extremely obnoxious to the French. His holiness would cernot, like Claude de Vaudré, merciful to his youth. But this mimic tainly have been taken, but for a snow-storm, which obliged him to fighting was soon exchanged for active service. The expedition of return to the castle of St. Felice, whence he had started. As it Charles against Naples called Picquet into Italy, where he at once was, Bayard so closely pursued him, that, had the Pope not leaped distinguished himself.

out of his litter, and actually helped to raise the drawbridge with The French king having entered Naples without a struggle, a his own hands, he would have been taken. league was formed between the Pope, the Spaniards, the republic Though the good knight would have rejoiced in making his of Venice, and the treacherous Lodovico Sforza, to intercept holiness a prisoner by stratagem, yet he would not countenance himself and his whole army: they waited for him at Fornovo, with treachery against him. While at Ferarra with the duke, the latter forty thousand men, but were beaten by the French, who, with proposed to get the Pope poisoned by means of a spy; whereat their Swiss allies, only numbered nine thousand. Bayard had the good knight said, “0! my lord,' I can never believe that so two horses shot under him; and was afterwards sent with the worthy a prince as you will consent to so black a treachery; and Lord de Ligny to Ostia, to threaten Rome. Four hundred Spanish were I assured of it, I swear to you by my soul, I would apprise men-at-arms having fallen into the hands of the little band of the Pope thereof before it were night.” The duke shrugged up French, one of the captains, named Sotomayer, was, among his shoulders, spat upon the ground, and said, “My lord Bayard, others, put under Bayard's charge, and having broken his parole, would that I had killed all ny enemies as I did that! Howbeit, the latter, though suffering from ague, challenged him to fight, since the thing is not to your liking, it shall be given up.” Thus, and killed him on the spot by a thrust in the throat. This so for the want of the good chevalier's concurrence, the scheme was wounded the pride of the Spaniards, that—there being a truce abandoned. just then-they proposed a combat of thirteen to thirteen, Bayard next appears at the siege of Padua, which having been which the French accepted, and won. Bayard and Lord Orosi | recovered by the Venetians, was besieged by the allies associated Laving battled against thirteen adversaries during four hours, and by the league of Cambray, to which the French were subscribers. at last gained the victory. On his return to France, Pierre, who The command of the whole army was entrusted to the Emperor had already attained the honour of knighthood, found the fame of Maximilian “the moneyless.” The place was fortified with conhis deeds had preceded him, and he was received with every token summate labour and skill, and before the besiegers could take up of honour by his countrymen.

their ground there were four barricades to be won upon the During the interval of leisure which occurred soon after the Vicenza road, two hundred paces apart from each other. The accession of Louis XII. to the throne, Bayard paid a dutiful visit charge of winning them was entrusted to Beyard, who gained the to the widow of his first patron, (for the Duke of Savoy had died first and drove the enemy back to the second, which was also during his absence); when he learnt, alas ! that his " ladye love" taken after a good half-hour's assault. The defendants were purhad become the wite of the rich Seigneur de Fluxas. Instead of sued so closely, and with such good effect, that instead of making torturing himself with vain regrets, he rejoiced at the fair one's a stand at the third barrier, they betook themselves at once to the good fortune ; while she “ desiring, as a virtuous woman might, last; where they made a resolute stand, and the conflict continued let the good knight see that the honourable love which she had for about an hour with pikes and arquebusses. The good knight borne him in her youth still lasted," advised him to hold a tour. grew impatient, and said to bis companions, “these people detain ney ; while Bayard, so far from taking the smallest advantage of us too long, let us alight and press forward to the barrier!" so frank a declaration, replied that he would rather die than press Some thirty or forty gens-d'armes immediately dismounted, and her with a dishonourable suit, and merely solicited “one of her raising their visors and couching their lances, pushed on to the sleeves, and presently sent a trumpet to the neighbouring garri barricado. But the besieged were continually reinforced by fresh sons, proclaiming a prize, consisting of the sleeve, with a ruby troops from the city, and Bayard seeing this, exclaimed," they worth one hundred ducats, “ to him who should perform best at will keep us here these six years at this rate; sound the trumpet, three strokes of the spear and twelve of the sword, in honour of and let every one follow me !" and he led on so fierce an assault the Dame de Fluxas."* As at Lyons, so in this instance, the good that the Italians retired at pike's length from the barricade. “On,


[ocr errors]

comrades !” he cried, “ they are ours !” and leaping the barrier, Soon after the accession of Francis I. to the throne of France, he was gallantly followed, and not less perilously received ; but the in 1515, Bayard returned to Italy, the old scene of warfare, and sight of his danger excited the French, and he was speedily sup- fought against the Swiss allies of Ludovico Sforza by the side of ported in such strength that he remained master of the ground. his sovereign at the battle of Marignano, one of the most sangui* Thus were the barricades before Padua won at mid-day, whereby nary conflicts that had ever been fought on Italian ground; for it the French horse as well as foot acquired great honour; above all, is a curious fact, that the warfare in those times-before the the good knight to whom the honour was universally ascribed.”- universal employment of “villanous saltpetre"-were much in the This was all the glory won by the besiegers, for the town proved nature of assauts d'armes, performed according to strict rule. too well fortified for their most strenuous efforts, and the siege Whatever combatants were weary of fighting withdrew, their places was raised.

being supplied with fresh men; and the battle was always interThe siege of Brescia, which was laid in_1512 by the French rupted by the approach of night. Hence the loss of life at under Gaston de Foix, the young and heroic Duke of Nemours, was Marignano-of which it has been recorded that “all other fights not less disastrous to Bayard than it was to the town and inhabit-compared with this were but as children's sport; this is the war

The chevalier, having objected to the plan of attack, pro- of giants"-was looked upon by the Venetians, who came up just posed the substitution of dismounted cavalry for infantry at a at its close, as prodigious. Francis having been witness of particular point, exposed to the deadly aim of the enemy's Bayard's romantic and daring feats, desired to receive the honour arquebussiers. The Duke replied, “You say truly, my Lord of knighthood at the Chevalier's hands, and Bayard had the Bayard, but where is the captain who will expose his troop to so honour of dubbing his majesty on the field. much danger ?" That will I,” said the good knight, “and be After various services—among the most signal of which was assured that the company whereof I have the charge, will this day the successful defence of Meyières on the Netherland frontierdo honour to the king and you.'

we again find the good knight in the heat of battle at Ravenna, and After the duke had summoned the city, and the assailed had though success attended his companions in arms, he received a refused to surrender it, a general assault was determined on. wound which laid his shoulder-bone bare. He was, however, able The ascent being slippery, De Foix, "to show that he would not to cross the Alps, and visit his uncle at Grenoble, where he was be among the last, doffed his shoes,” and many followed his seized with a fever. example. They won the rampart, and Bayard was the first person At the disastrous battle of Sesia the bon chevalier received his who entered, almost immediately receiving a deep wound in the death-wound. He was conducting the rear of the French army thigh, from a pike which broke and was left hanging in the wound. when retreating in good order before the Spaniards, when a stone "Comrades," said he, “march on, the town is won. As for me from a hacquebut struck him across the loins and fractured his I can go no further, I am slain !"

spine. He instantly knew it was a death-stroke, and exclaimed, As soon as the citadel was taken, they carried him into the "Jesus !” and, after a pause, added “ O God, I am slain !" He goodliest mansion they could find. The owner, a man of great then drew forth his sword, and kissing the cross at its bandle, prowealth, had fled to a neighbouring convent, leaving his wife and nounced these words audibly : Miserere mei, Deus, secundum two fair daughters to the mercy of a soldiery, who pillaged and magnam misericordiam tuam!" He did not immediately fall from massacred the inhabitants without restraint. The daughters hid his horse but held by the saddle-bow, till bis steward lifted him off themselves in a hay-loft, and the mother beseeching Bayard and and placed him under a tree; and there, earnestly gazing on the his troop to spare their lives, was answered, “Madam, it may cross of his sword, confessed to his servant, there being no priest be that I shall not recover from this wound of mine; but while I near. No entreaties would induce him to consent to being moved, live no wrong shall be done to you or your daughters." He then and he urged his companions not to linger with him lest they might sent an escort for the husband, who was conducted safely home. be taken by the Spaniards. When they came up and understood who The family, however, considered themselves as his prisoners, and he was, they treated him with the most honourable kindness. A all their goods and chattels as his property by the lot of war ; and, tent was spread for him, and he was laid upon a camp-bed; and seeing the generous temper of the good knight, administered to his a priest having been procured, he confessed devoutly. The wants with such assiduity, and treated his wound with so much Spanish general, the Marquis of Pescara, on seeing him, skill, that he was not long in recovering. On the day of his exclaimed, “Would God, gentle Lord Bayard, that by parting departure, hoping that a handsome offering might prevent his with a quart of my own blood (so that could be done without loss exacting a ruinous sum, the lady entered his room, and presented of life), and by abstaining from flesh for two years, I might have him with a steel box full of ducats. Bayard laughed, and asked kept you whole and my prisoner; for my treatment of you should how many ducats there were there? The lady answered only have manifested how highly I honoured the exalted prowess that 2,500, but if he were not content therewith a larger sum should be was in you.” After this eulogium, Bayard uttered a prayer :produced. He refused to take any, but being entreated with an “My God! I am assured that thou hast declared thyself ever earnestness which proved the sincerity of his hostess, he sent for ready to receive into mercy, and to forgive whoso shall return to her daughters, and giving each of them one thousand ducats thee with a sincere heart, however great a sinner he may have towards their marriage-portions, desired that the remaining five been. Alas! my Creator and Redeemer, I have grievously hundred should be distributed among the poor nuns whose con- offended thee during my life, of which I repent with my whole vent had been pillaged. Such instances of Bayard's generosity soul. Full well I know, that had I spent an hundred years in a were by no means few. Indeed, he never retained more of the desert on bread on water, even that would not have entitled me to money which the fortune of war brought into his possession than enter thy kingdom of heaven, unless it had pleased thee of thy was sufficient to supply his immediate wants, generally distributing great and infinite goodness to receive me into the same; for no the ransoms he received for his prisoners amongst the soldiers of creature is able in this world to merit so high a reward. My his troop:

Father and Saviour ! I entreat thee to pass over the faults by me Scarcely recovered from his wound, Bayard was summoned to committed, and show me thy abundant clemency instead of thy France to fly to the relief of Terouenne, hotly besieged by the rigorous justice.” troops of the then young Henry VIII. of England. Though the With these words expired in the year 1524, at the age of fortyencounter which ensued did no honour to the French army, eight, Pierre de Terrail, “the chevalier without fear or reBayard did not partake of the disgrace. From the exceeding haste proach," one of the last and best representatives of the days of with which the Gallic horsemen thought it prudent to fly from the chivalry. English lances, the fray before Terouenne has been celebrated as The Spanish general appointed certain gentlemen to bear his “ the Battle of Spurs.” During that precipitous retreat, the good body to a church, where solemn service was performed over it for knight, coming to a narrow pass through which only one soldier two days; and his own people carried it home for interment. The could advance at a time, he commanded a halt, and succeeded in magistrates of Grenoble, with most of the inhabitants and nobles gaining sufficient time for the French army to re-form and renew of the surrounding country, went out to meet the much-honoured the action; but was, unhappily, taken prisoner for his gallantry, corpse, and it was finally deposited in the convent of minims Being taunted by one of his enemies with the question, “How which the Abbot of Esnay had founded. A monument was after came it that Bayard, who it was said never retreated, turned his back wards erected to him there, not by the king whom he had served upon them ?" he replied, “ If I had fled, I should not have been so faithfully-not by the nation of which he is the proudest boast, here." His country was too sensible of his value to allow of but by an individual no otherwise connected with him than leaving him long in the hands of enemies, and the good chevalier as being a native of the same province, and an admirer of his was speedily ransomed.


[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »