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again and again in some unoccupied corner ; from whence they great perseverance on my part, we arrived at nightfall, to the were not unfrequently dislodged by the noble family's Christian evident chagrin of my worthy coachman. servants, who, though abject in their demeanour towards their As we entered, a violent hail-storm came on : it is no exaggelords and masters, were insolent to those whom they considered ration to say that the hail-stones were as big as bantam's eggs. as being a step below themselves in the scale of existence.
Tulczyn is a large, straggling, dirty place. The population conWe started at daylight on Sunday morniog, and about eleven sists principally of Jews, excepting the troops of the garrison. I P.M. we reached a village. The inhabitants of the dwelling to gave orders to be driven to Mosie Lebb’s. which we drove had retired to rest; but, upon the cabalistical “Do you know where he lives ?'' said I. "Ya, ya," replied summons-the "Open Sesame” of the fuhrmann--the gate the fuhrmann, and at the same moment was going to turn into a slowly turned on its hinges, and we were welcomed by a member petty shed, not far advanced into the town. of the family, habited in an undress, consisting of a close jacket " Is this Mosie Lebb's ?" “ Ya," bawled a dozen voices all at and drawers, which I presume had once been white. The car- once, and the bridles of the horses were seized, to accelerate the riage was conducted across the damp litter, to the other extremity lodgment. The place not answering in any respect the description, of this ménagerie, where several persons were reposing. Amongst I insisted on proceeding further, calling out for Mosie Lebb, and them was a dirty old Jew, reclining on a most foul mattress. I being assured by many an individual, who invited me into his alighted, in the hope of finding a corner where I could stretch out sweet dwelling, that he was the identical Moses. The fuhrmann my cramped limbs ; but all the rooms were occupied. The evidently favoured the cheat; he evaded my inquiries, and made patriarch rose from his bed, and offered it to me; but I could not numerous attempts to get me to halt at an inferior house. think of depriving him of it, nor of running the risk of being Tired of this farce, and my English blood having become heated punished for availing myself of this self-denying offer—this warm | by the attempts of the confederates to get me into their clutches, reception, by becoming infected with the plica Polonica, or other I started forwards, took the whip from the fuhrmann's hands, disease.
whirled it in a menacing way over the heads of my assailants, and After taking a crust of bread and a glass of wine, by way of then, catching up the reins, I made the horses spring forward, supper, I arranged myself pour le mieux, in my calèche. The whilst I roared as loudly as possible in the fuhrmann's ear, large barn was lighted by a solitary lantern, which shed a feeble " Mosie Lebb-Mosie Lebb ;' the hailstones clattering about my ray on the old man's face and venerable grey beard, as he slum, head all the while, as though my discomfited enemies were pelting bered at a few yards' distance. Ever and anon a figure moved me for my obstinacy. about, like an unquiet spirit. Near at hand the horses were We soon came to a wide part of the town ; and seeing some champing their corn, and the monotonous sounds caused by that officers in a balcony, and a soldier or two standing about the gate. operation was responded to by the less agreeable ones of divers way of a house, I thought this might, perhaps, be the goal of my snoring sleepers of the human species. These romantic straids wishes. Drawing up, therefore, I uttered my " Mosie Lebb" in a soon produced a soporific effect on me. I must have been asleep softer tone, and found that I was actually in front of his hostelry. some time, when I was awakened by the effect of a strong light Soon he welcomed me, and I was ushered into a room on the shining upon me. Starting up, I discovered the fuhrmann ground-floor, containing plain but useful furniture: Around the standing on the step of the carriage, with a candle in his hand; chamber were divans, covered with dark-coloured printed calico ; which, from his sudden backward movement, it seemed to me that one of these was destined for my bed. he had been holding before my closed eyes. I asked, what he was The inn was quite full, but the larder empty. An emissary there for what he wanted ? He looked very confused, and was sent to the Christian tracteer, as they called him, to see if a answered, "Nothing-nichts, mein Herr." I bade him get down, supper could be had. (I presume tracteer to be a corruption of made him light the lamps of the calèche, and took care to examine the French word traiteur.) A something was at length procured: the priming of my pistols, in order to show those who might be I was nearly famished, and soon discussed the savoury morsel, observing me from the chiaroscuro of the back.ground that I was along with a bottle of excellent vin de Grave. upon my guard. I then dismissed him, with an injunction not to Fancy me, then, reclining on my divan, after the toils of the intrude a second time on my slumbers in that way. The remainder day; all angry feelings washed away by the generous wine of of the night passed off quietly. Perhaps the man only came to France,-congratulating myself on the progress I had made, the look for something; but at the time, and under all the circum- difficulties I had surmounted, and looking forward to the termina. stances, appearances were against him, and certainly the place tion of my arduous journey in three or four days. Mosie Lebb he had brought me to might well be compared to a robber's sat an hour with me in the course of the evening. His conversa. retreat.
tion was intelligent and interesting: he is a fine old man, has a At daybreak we left this dismal abode, and when at a short very animated countenance, a magnificent grey beard, and bright distance, I made my conductor draw up, and told him, very black eyes. He was perfectly cleanly in his person, and wore a decidedly, that I was quite sure there must be better accommoda- black robe made of a superior stuff. tion on the road than he had hitherto procured for me, and that I I was obliged to get my passport visé at Tulczyn, and to pay a should insist on his not taking me to any other such lodgings as fee, of course. There is a theatre at this place, but I was too we had just quitted. He was very humble, assured me that fatigued to wish to visit it. we should halt at noon at an excellent ion, where I should be The Jewish population seemed to decrease as we approached the grandly entertained, and lodged in a fine chamber. Without steppes: the Tartar-faced peasantry were now more numerous. placing implicit faith in these brilliant promises, I still suffered Nothing can be more desolate than the appearance of these steppes myself to be buoyed up with the hope of something better ; and, -not a tree nor a shrub was to be seen ; clouds of dust obscured on arriving at the town of Krasna, I repeated my injunction with the air, and the only indications of a vicinity to the haunts of men much emphasis, adding, that I would cheerfully pay for decent were some herds of oxen that were occasionally seen feeding on entertainment, but would not be taxed for filth. My remonstrance the short parched grass: these oxen were large, and almost inva. succeeded, -that is, not until after refusing to alight at two or riably of a dun colour; so that, as there was no regular road nor three vile huts. At last, however, we stopped at a house, the fence, we frequently came upon them suddenly--for the grass, the inmates of which (Jews, of course,) appeared less dirty than those dust, and the cattle, were all of one colour. I had hitherto seen : the fuhrmunn put up his horses elsewhere; The undulatory hills called steppes, when a lull of wind allowed for this was not exactly an inn.
the eye to roam over them, recalled to my remembrance the long, Being satisfied with my fare, I begged my hostess to give me smooth, swell of the ocean, in a calm after a violent gale ; whilst a the name of a good landlord at Tulczyn, and she recommended large waggon, covered with canvass, looming in the distance, might one Mosie Lebb. I tasted an agreeable beverage here called without any great stretch of the imagination, be compared to a honig, a sort of mead; and they actually offered me some tokay! vessel on the verge of the horizon spreading every sail to catch an -Hongrisch wein, Tokaï, as they pronounce it. However, as air of wind (as sailors say) in order to keep the ship from rolling the high price demanded was the only voucher they could give of over. the genuineness of the vintage, I declined the tempting proposal. At Balta we halted for the night at the house of a Jew, who The horses were not brought so soon as I could have wished, and was recommended to me by the venerable Mosie Lebb. An I suspected the fuhrmann of an intention of again lodging me attempt was made to play me a trick, and to take me to an inferior for the night in some miserable hovel.
lodging—but a few demonstrations à la Tulczyn settled the Tulczyn (pronounced Tolcheen) being the head-quarters of the matter. Russian army in the Ukraine, Bessarabia, &c., it was probable On stepping out of my chamber in the course of the evening, I that tolerable accommodation might be had there ; and, by dint of I had the misfortune to disturb the repose of divers Israelites old
and young-male and female—who were huddled together near the
The leading and distinguishing feature of the particular class of threshold. I stumbled over a Shylock, struck my thick skull against the delicate form of a sleeping fair one, and in the rebound, shops to which we would direct the attention of the reader, is a knocked against several younglings, who evinced, by discordant marked indication of straitened circumstances, not to say absolute squeaks, their fright and indignation. I begged pardon for this poverty, on the part of their occupants. A poor, squalid, ill. unintentional intrusion, and returned to my divan, firmly resolved stocked shop we have always thought one of the most piteousto remain there till day light.
On the last day of my journey I was on the alert before the looking things in the world,—one of the most melancholy forms in dawn; being determined to strain every nerve to reach Odessa by which the mighty struggle for a livelihood, in which we are all evening. The heat was scorching, and the dust blinded and engaged, can possibly exhibit itself. choked us as we scudded along. I looked out anxiously for the We do not know how it is with others, but we never pass one of Euxine, but the obstacles to vision were impenetrable. At noon we stopped at a little inn, at the door of which was a calèche :
these meagrely furnished and customerless shops, without a painful this was a good sign.
feeling of sympathy for their occupants. It possibly may be I was shown into a room where two persons, one a man of carrying sentimentalism a little too far, but we do think there is thirty, the other a lad of about fifteen, were regaling themselves on something eminently calculated to excite compassion, in the a savoury pie, contained in a brown dish: they were not over nice in their manner of eating, for the fingers were more in use than miserable efforts to attract the public attention and patronage knives and forks. The carriage at the door belonged to these gen. which such shops as those we speak of exhibit. Something tlemen, who were Seigneurs Polonais : we entered into conver- piteous in the extreme it is, we think, to mark the wretched sation in French, and I learned that they had left Odessa early in attempts at display which they present ; sometimes exhibiting the morning; they told me that there were two tolerable hotels at Odessa, viz. the Hatel du Club, and the Hôtel du Nord-they itself in what is meant for a tempting array of the little stock recommended the former.
which it contains, not worth, probably, ten shillings altogether; I was delighted. "Hurra for Odessa !" said I, (giving the sometimes in an effort at tasteful decoration, intended at once to fuhrmann an extra sum for his refreshment) and, as soon as the captivate the eye of the passer-by, and to hide or divert attention horses were sufficiently rested, I took leave of my Polish from the hollowness within. It is a miserable shift,-one of the acquaintances, and started.
We passed onwards, but still I saw no spires-no domes-no most miserable, we think, by which the limited in means endeasea. Evening was approaching, and the wind and dust became vour to make or eke out a livelihood. almost insupportable.
But what wretched-looking shop is this ? More wretched, more On a sudden, we ascended a hill—the carriage stopped-voices were heard - a wooden barricade was perceptible through the cloud squalid yet, than any of the wretched and squalid shops in its dull of dust—a building of rather mean appearance was close by—it and lifeless neighbourhood; the poorest of the poor; showing that was the gate of Odessa! The officers stationed at the barrier in the lowest depth there is a lower still. Ay, that, good reader, came out, and a sentinel approached ; my passport was demanded, is the shop, the specimen of that particular class to which it was and taken to the bureau. A movement was made indicative of an intention to overhaul my baggage, which movement I conjured our purpose especially to direct your attention when we began away by graciously presenting a silver rouble to the officer ; this article, and to which we meant it to be all but exclusively something was said, in the Russian language, which I interpreted devoted. That is a milliner's shop, the shop of a poor milliner into the cheering words “ All right;" the fuhrmann remounted and dress-maker; the most piteous of all the piteous efforts in the his box, mutual salutations took place between the officers and myself, and I pronounced the word Club, in a tone and manner shop way that can possibly be seen. which intimated that the sooner I was conveyed to a place of rest Let us contemplate it for a moment. In the first place, it is the better I should be pleased.
evident that the shop is such a one as hardly anybody would take : This time no attempt was made to take me to the wrong house. it is badly situated, in a poor, dull, and little frequented neigh. We traversed several extremely wide streets, in which I did not observe so many persons as I should have expected ; and at last, bourhood; is much out of repair, and exhibits, altogether, the at seven P.M., on the 19th of August, we drove into the courtyard appearance of having been unlet for years. Everything about it of the Holel du Club.
gires token of this : it has a damp smell within, and the paint with
which it was at one time freshened up is dirty and faded, both THE POOR MILLINER'S SHOP.
outside and in. For years no tenant could be found for the shop; Have any of our readers ever been in the habit of looking on its forbidding aspect and unpromising situation repelled all shops with a philosophic eye? Have they ever looked upon them seekers. At length, however, it was taken. The lowness of the otherwise than as common-place conveniences, where the wants of rent induced a poor girl to try her humble fortunes in it as a social life may be supplied ?- Or have they ever perceived that dress-maker, and it is by her it is now occupied. It is a most shops have a character about them, and that their outward appear- piteous exhibition. ance, and inner too, often express, if read aright, a vast deal that One solitary candle (for she cannot afford to pay for gas) burns is not uninteresting to contemplate ?
in a tin candlestick on the counter, and feebly lights the dingy, It is not, however, in the gayer and wealthier parts of the city poverty-stricken shop. On the naked and all but wholly unoccuthat shops present any of those features or characteristics in pied shelves stand two or three band boxes, placed widely apart, in which may be found the intelligence to which we allude. In order to make a show, but containing nothing; they are empty. these places wealth, or its semblance, has levelled all distinction, On the counter are also two little wooden pillars, or sta ads, on effaced all peculiarity of expression, and given to all one common
which are mounted two caps of eat workmanship, but of humble outline, one general character, diversified only by the vagaries of character. In the window are scattered up and down a few balls taste.
of thread of various colours, some papers of pins and needles, a It is not, then, amongst these that we are to look for those few bolts of tape, two or three feeble-looking faded gum-flowers, Unsophisticated sort of shops in which character and circumstance and a small assortment of the cheapest description of female headare developed. These are to be found in the suburbs only, or in gear; and this comprises the whole stock in trade, and, in all those dull and unfrequented streets, which either have been probability, the whole worldly wealth of the poor girl who calls deserted by the tide of population, or through which it has not yet herself mistress of the shop. begun to flow, and where, consequently, rents are comparatively Behind the counter, and so situated as to be unseen by the low.
casual passer-by, is seated the poor milliner,-a modest, trimly dressed, and pleasant-looking girl; she is employed in sewing.
HYDROPHOBIA. She is constantly sewing, but she works listlessly; for her hopes HYDROPHOBIA is one of the most dreadful diseases to which the from the shop, from her little adventure in business, have not been human frame is subject; to intense bodily agony, mental anguish realised, and the disappointment has crushed her spirits. It has is superadded, and the unhappy sufferer finds himself irresistibly
forced to act in opposition to the most determined exertion of his paralysed her energies, and damped the ardour of her exertions.
will. The power of volition is taken from him, and he furiously Is it any wonder it should ? Think of the dreary, the weary attacks the by-standers, at the same time warning them against days she spends in that miserable shop, still hoping for custom, himself. One moment he cries for the soothing hand of friend. and no custom coming ; sitting from morning to night, and no ship to alleviate his sufferings, but in the next is obliged to reject soul entering the door, not even to ask the prices of her little it lest he should tear it in his fury. We will not pursue the fright
ful description. It is sufficient that it is one of the most dreadful merchandise. Conceive the heart-sickening hopelessness with scourges of mankind, and one which has hitherto baffled the which she opens that shop in the morning, and the soul-withering physician. Numberless remedies have been proposed, but none despondency with which she shuts it at night ; for she has not
have been attended with certain success. The researches of modern
science have led to the conclusion that the nerves are the seat of drawn during the day one single penny, and has no hope that to
the disease, and that the suspension of their action, if only for a morrow will bring her better fortune.
very brief space, would in all probability put an end to it. The No, poor girl! it is not to your miserable repository that they dificulty lies in discovering the means by which this end may be will go who want such articles as you deal in. That custom, of compassed without the extinction of life. Dipping in the sea was which the smallest share would make you happy, cheerful, and into disrepute, there is great reason for believing, especially if the
formerly considered a specific, and although the practice has fallen comfortable, is reserved for the Mantalinis of your profession, modern theory be correct, that dipping, when properly performed, for the gay and splendid establishments of the marchandes de that is, when the patient is really drowned, animation being sus. modes. They will not deiga even to look, in passing, at your mise. pended and afterwards recovered by the ordinary means, that the rable shop; or if they do, it is but to sneer or laugh at your humble it is no wonder that it has only been carried to the necessary extent
remedy may be efficacious. The process is however so fearful that pretensions to the character and calling you profess.
in comparatively few cases. A remarkable instance has recently What a wretched life must yours be!- what a life of that de- been communicated to us in which two boys were bitten at the same ferred hope which maketh the heart sick! It is to be traced in time, by the same animal ; one was dipped to such an extent that
when taken out he was quite insensible. He never felt any sympyour sad look; it is to be marked in the slow and languid way in
toms of hydrophobia, but his companion fell a sacrifice to it within which you raise your head when a more than usually audible foot- a very short period. We do not relate this story with confidence as step is heard at your door. You look up, indeed, but it is at once an illustration of the efficacy of dipping, for we have not had an opseen that you have no hope of its being a customer ; fôr a long and portunity of making minute inquiries concerning the particulars of
Our informant was not certain which of the boys was dismal experience has taught you that none will come to you to first bitten, a circumstance which is of importance, inasmuch as order or to buy. You have long since learnt that from your shop it is possible that the virus was all expended in the wound first you have nothing to expect.
given, but we mention the fact, as the practice of dipping appears Yet, when the poor girl took that shop,—when she had fairly
to us to deserve further inquiry.
About two months back, a case of hydrophobia occurred at entered into possession, and had procured her name and calling to Nottingham, which was very generally noticed in the newspapers. be painted on the wall close by the door, (for she could not pay In this case it was determined to try the effect of the Wourali for a sign-board, nor for gilded letters,)—her hopes were high, and poison, and Mr. Waterton, the gentleman who brought it from a feeling of independence came over her that rendered her cheerful by his experiments upon animals,* was sent for, but unfortunately
Guiana some years ago, and made its name familiar to the public and happy. She had no doubt that her shop, added to her own the patient died before he arrived. This poison is very deadly, and industry, would yield her a comfortable living. Vain hopes ! is used by the Indians in the pursuit of game. It destroys life by delusive prospects !
paralysing the nerves, and thus putting a stop to the animal funcThe city reader will, we think, at once recognize the description food. The peculiar action of this poison suggested the idea that
tions, but does not render the creatures destroyed by it unfit for of shop we speak of, and will, in all probability, know of one or it might be used with success in cases of hydrophobia, that the two such in his own neighbourhood, -at any rate, in some other nerves might be paralysed and the disease destroyed, whilst life quarter of the town. He will have marked them before, and will, might be preserved by producing artificial respiration until the we have no doubt, have contemplated them in the same spirit in poison ceased to operate. Mr. Waterton repeated his experiments
on animals at Nottingham, and clearly demonstrated the possibility which we have attempted to describe them. If not, he will pro- of preserving life during the action of the poison. The lungs were bably do so henceforth, now that his attention is called to them. kept inflated by means of a tube inserted in the trachea, and the
animal (an ass) eventually recovered perfectly.
We have been led to notice the subject of hydrophobia by meet.
ing with the account of a remedy practised in Mexico, which we Persons lightly dipped, not grained in generous honesty, are transcribe below. The mode of cure appears to be founded prebut pale in goodness, and faint-hued in sincerity ; but be thou cisely on the same principle as dipping, and the use of the Wourali what thou virtuously art, and let not the ocean wash away thy poison ; and as the recipe for preparation is given, it seems very tincture. Stand magnetically upon the axis where prudent sim- well worth while to make experiments upon it, and hence we have plicity hath fixed thee, and at no temptation invert the poles of been induced to take this opportunity of drawing attention to a
subject of such deep and universal interest. thy honesty : and that vice may be uneasy, and even monstrous We quote from "Travels in the Interior of Mexico," by Lieut. unto thee, let iterated acts and long-confirmed habits make virtue R. W. H. Hardy, R.N., a gentleman who visited Mexico on a mission natural, or a second nature in thee. And since few or none prove connected with the Pearl and Coral Fisheries on the coasts of eminently virtuous but from some advantageous foundations in California in the year. their temper and natural inclinations, study thyself betimes, and
“ From Don Victores I learned a cure for the hydrophobia, early find what nature bids thee to be, or tell thee what thou which, in three cases, he had seen administered in the last may'st be. They who thus timely descend into themselves, paroxysms of that dreadful complaint. He told me that he had
known several die who had not taken it, but of those to whom it cultivating the good seeds which nature hath set in them, and
was administered, not one. He is so honest a man, and has a improving their prevalent inclinations to perfection, become not general character for such strict veracity, that I entertain no doubt shrubs, but cedars in their generation; and to be in the form of of his having witnessed what he related. One of the patients was the best of the bad, or the worst of the good, will be no satisfac. tion unto them.-Sir Thomas Brown.
* See “ The Ass Wouralia," in No. XIV. of the LONDON SATURDAY JOURNAL
INFLUENCE OF VIRTUOUS HABITS.
tied up to a post with strong cords, and a priest was administering The patient is then to be put into the sun if possible, (or placed the last offices of religion. At the approach of a paroxysm, the near a fire,) and well warmed. If the first dose tranquillize him, unfortunate sufferer, with infuriated looks, desired the priest to get after a short interval, no more is to be given ; but if he continue ont of the way, for that he felt a desire to bite everybody he could furious, another dose must be administered, which will infallibly catch bold of. An old woman who was present, said she would quiet him. A profound sleep will succeed, which will last twentyundertake his cure; and although there were none who believed it four or forty-eight hours, (according to the strength of the patient's possible that she could effect it, yet the hope that she might do so, constitution,) at the end of which time, he will be attacked with and the certainty of the patient's death if nothing were attempted, severe purging and vomiting, which will continue till the poison be bore down all opposition, and her services were accepted. She entirely ejected. He will then be restored to his senses, will ask poured a powder into half a glass of water, mixed it well, and in for food, and be perfectly cured.' the intervals between the paroxysms she forced the mixture down “There is an Indian living in Tubutáma, who is known to have his throat. The effects were exactly such as she had predicted ; an antidote to the poison, injected into the wound occasioned by namely, that he would lose all power over his bodily and mental | the bite of a mad dog, &c.; and it is therefore superior to the faculties, and that a death-like stupor would prevail, without any sevadilla, which will only cure the disease when it has been formed. symptoms of animation, for either twenty-four or forty-eight Two thousand dollars have been offered to him to disclose the hours, according to the strength of his constitution ; that at the secret, but he has constantly refused to accede to the terms. His end of this period, the effects of the mixture would arouse the charge is ten dollars for each patient, and he makes a comfortable patient, and its violent operation, as emetic and cathartic, would livelihood by his practice. I made diligent inquiries while I relast about ten or fifteen minutes, after which he would be able to mained in Sonora, whether there were any instance known of the get upon bis legs, and would feel nothing but the debility which Indian's antidote having failed, but I could hear of no one case had been produced by the combined effects of the disease and the where it had been unsuccessful.” medicine. She mentioned also that the fluid to be discharged from the stomach would be as black as charcoal, and offensive to the THE LONDON HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY'S smell. "All this literally took place at the end of about twenty-six
GARDENS AT CHISWICK. hours ; and the patient was liberated from one of the most horrible
The London Horticultural Society has been established about and affecting deaths to which mortality is subject. She had her eighteen years, and its gardens at Chiswick were intended both as own way of accounting for the effects of this disease. She termed
a place of experimental research in horticultural science, and as a it a local complaint attacking the mouth, which by degrees it irri- station whence the most valuable, useful, and ornamental plants tates and inflames ; this ripens the virus, which is conveyed to the of all kinds might be distributed through the country. The gardens brain by means of the nerves, and is received also into the stomach extend over about thirty-three acres of ground, and are arranged with the saliva. The poison, thus matured in the mouth and at the int an Arboretum, rich in ornamental trees and shrubs; an root of the tongue, converts the whole of the fluids of the stomach Orchard, containing a very extensive collection of fruit-trees; into a poisonous bile, which, if it be not quickly removed, com
some forcing-houses, chiefly employed in the determination of the municates with the blood and shortly destroys life.' of this reason-quality of different kinds of grapes ; a kitchen garden, in which ing I shall say nothing. It is sufficient that the result is attainable, trials are made of new vegetables, or of new methods of cultivation, be the modus operandi,' as the doctors call it, what it may. And and where young gardeners receive practical training and instrucI think it my duty simply to make the narration, that should it tion; and, lastly, some hot-houses and green-houses filled with chance to attract the notice of some truly scientific physician, who
rare plants. The gardens are considered to be a kind of normal would wish to investigate the remedy, philosophically and without school for young men intended as gardeners, who pass an exami. prejudice, society might then hope to receive, what it has long des nation in the principles of their business before they are recompaired of, namely, a safe antidote for the hydrophobia,
mended to places. It was originally intended to erect a magnifi. “ Although a knowledge of this extraordinary recipe would be
cent range of hot-houses, but the funds of the society having been 80 beneficial in a country like Sonora, where not only dogs, but mismanaged, their operations were crippled for a time. "No wolves, foxes, lions, tigers, cats, and other animals, are so fre-association of individuals," says Dr. Lindley, the secretary of the quently attacked by it, yet there was but one of the numerous
society, ever produced so marked an effect upon gardening in a spectators who manifested, at the time, any curiosity to possess it. few years as has been brought about by the distribution of cuttings This person was Don Victores Aguilar, a man whom I esteem
of improved fruit-trees, of the finest kinds of vegetable-seeds, and not less for the qualities of his heart, than for the attentions I of new plants, mostly imported direct from the British colonies received from him in a long illness, under his hospitable roof. and from the west coast of America, made annually from the During that period, he communicated to me this medicine, the ex- society's gardens, independently of the collections sent in return to traordinary effects of which, he had himself, upon two occasions, all parts of the world.” proved hy actual experiment. I know not, however, whether the
Perhaps there are few things more exhilarating to the eye and complaint in Europe be precisely the same as that in Sonora ; but mind than a visit to a fine garden, where, while the luxuriance and if it be, then the cure cannot be considered altogether so hopeless beauty of the leaves and flowers impress the mind with the most as it has hitherto been. I should like to see the experiment tried, agreeable ideas of nature, there is enough of art and arrangement under the direction of some experienced medical man; for, although to give us a pleasing impression also of the skill of man. The it might not succeed bere, it is at least worth the trial,
Horticultural Society's Garden unites these advantages to a consi. • The herb used is, I believe, hellebore. It is called in Spanish derable extent; for, while the trees have been planted a sufficient sevadilla, and I think its botanical name is veralrium sebadilla. length of time to take off the raw and unfinished look of a young There is also another herb, called amble, which has been found plantation, the long and broad gravel-walk, and smooth green turf to be equally efficacious, the botanical name of which I do
on each side, afford an ample evidence of the hand of man. In not know, which is used for the cure of hydrophobia, in the May, this garden is in its highest beauty, from the tender green neighbourhood of Amóles, a town on the Rio de Buena Vista. of the young leaves and the brilliant hues of the opening flowers. These remedies, from all I have been able to learn, never fail of
One of the first things likely to attract the attention of a effecting a cure of that dreadful malady. But it is surprising that stranger, on entering the gardens, is a beautiful bright blue flower the knowledge of this recipe, even in Sonora, should be by no
in the beds. This little flower, the blue of which is brighter than means general.
the most brilliant ultramarine, is called Nemophila insignis, or the “The following is a translation of the receipt, written at my showy lover of the woods ; for this is the literal signification of its
botanic name. express request, by Don Victores Aguilar.
It was one of the flowers sent from California by
Douglas, who was, some time afterwards, unfortunately killed in • Method of curing Hydrophobia.'
the Sandwich islands, by falling into a pit-trap, in which was "The person under the influence of this disease must be well already a wild bull. The Californian annuals are all very beautiful, secured, that he may do no mischief either to himself or others. and all quite hardy. Their seeds may be sown in any soil, and at
“Soak a rennet in a little more than half a tumbler of water almost any season; and, indeed, experienced gardeners sow their (for about five minutes). When this has been done, add of pul- seeds at five or six different periods, to produce a succession of verized sevadilla as much as may be taken up by the thumb and flowers during the whole summer, and nearly during the whole three fingers. Mix it thoroughly, and give it to the patient (that year. is, force it down his throat in an interval between the paroxysms). The next thing likely to attract the attention of a stranger is the number of little matted huts distributed over the lawn. They | sugar-cane. This plant stands near the back wall, and resembles are very neatly constructed, consisting of bass mats fastened over a kind of gigantic grass. There is also the cochineal plant, or a framework of rods, and with a curious little door in the side, to Nopal tree of Mexico, which is a kind of Opuntia. On this plant admit the air when necessary. On examining these little huts, the cochineal insect lives, wrapped up in its woolly covering, and each will be found to enclose a pine-tree ; for, on the right-hand ! looking very much like what is called the woolly bug, or the of the gravel-walk on entering the gardens are the society's most American blight on apple-trees. Another kind of Opuntia, which rare and valuable pines and firs. The common observer, who is bears an eatable fruit, and is called the prickly-pear, is common in no botanist, can have no idea of the endless variety and beauty of Spain and Portugal, and is a favourite fruit in those countries. In the plants belonging to the pine and fir tribe. He may have, September, when the fruit is ripe, it is by no means uncommon to indeed, some vague -ideas of the spruce and silver firs, and the see a number of women sitting in the market-places and streets, Scotch pine and pineaster ; but he will be surprised to find that with their hands and arms fearfully swollen, from the pricks and there are above two hundred different kinds of the pine and fir scratches they have received from the spines of the Opuntias, tribe grown in English shrubberies.
while they were engaged in stripping off the fruit. There are One of the most remarkable of these plants in the Horticultural many other interesting plants in this house, and among others the Society's Gardens will be found under the shelter of one of the Xylophyllum, which produces its pretty neat little flowers round bass-mat huts. It is called Araucaria imbricata, or the Chili pine. the margin of its leaves. This tree is a native of the Andes, and in its native country it In the other houses, the Epiphytes and the Cacti deserve grows about 150 feet high. The branches are unlike those of any attention, though neither of them are equal to the collections other tree; they are long, slender, and thickly covered with leaves, i of Messrs. Loddiges, Thomas Harris, Esq., at Kingsbury, the which are quite as unlike other leaves as the branches are unlike Duke of Bedford's at Woburn, and many others. Additional other branches. These branches, or rather horizontal arms, in houses are, however, now being erected on a magnificent scale ; so the young trees, might seem, to a fanciful imagination, snakes that, probably, the collection of hothouse plants will shortly be partly coiled round the trunk, and stretching out their long slender very greatly improved. bodies in quest of prey. The tree itself forms a kind of pyramid, Leaving the plant-houses, the visitor generally proceeds to the the whorls of branches getting narrower and narrower towards the forcing-houses, and thence to the immense collection of fruit-trees top. The roots, in the native country of the tree, Pæppig tells in the orchard, where the trees are trained in different methods, so us, "lie spread over the stony and nearly naked soil, like gigantic as to produce the greatest quantity of fruit. serpents." The bark is thick and corky, and the scale-like leaves, The Arboretum is the next point of attraction ; and here the which are so hard and sharply pointed as to wound the fingers, if trees, arranged systematically, are placed at a distance from the incautiously handled, are of such a woody texture as to require a road, while an immense number of the red-blossomed currant strong and sharp knife to sever them from the branch. The (Ribes sanguineum) and tree-lupines are planted in front. The fruit, or cone, is as large as a man's head ; and the seeds, which arrangement even of the Arboretum trees is not, however, very are about twice as large as an almond, constitute a favourite food satisfactory, as it only consists in putting those of the same genus of the Indians. Pæppig wished to get one of these cones, but was together. almost despairing of doing so, when a young Indian, throwing his lasso over one of the lower branches, swung himself high enough
COMBATS OF ANIMALS. up this colossal tree to gather the cone. When Pæppig passed The buffalo, in the following account, seems a more dreadful the same way again, towards the end of March, he saw the ground antagonist than is generally supposed ; and the absence of excite. covered with the ripe, fallen cones, and some little parrots, and a ment in the rhinoceros before the struggle, and his instant repose species of cross-bill, hard at work, breaking the stones of the after it, is a fine display of the calm consciousness of power. seeds, and picking out the kernels. The Indians use these kernels Upon another occasion I witnessed, at one of these sanguinary exactly as the inhabitants of the south of Europe do chesnuts; and exhibitions, a contest between a buffalo and a tiger. The buffalo the only flour they have is made from them.
was extremely fierce, and one of the largest of its kind I had ever Another kind of pine protected during winter is the Pinus It commenced the attack by rushing towards its adversary, Llaveana. This very elegant tree is a native of Mexico, and has which retreated to a corner of the arena, where, finding no not been long in this country. Its mode of growth is very elegant; escape, it sprang upon the buffalo's neck, fixing its claws in the its branches are produced in regular whorls, like those of the cedar animal's shoulder, and lacerating it in a frightful manner. It of Lebanon ; but they are light and graceful, and gently drooping was, however, almost instantly flung upon the earth, with a at the extremity. The leading shoot looks like a tuft of feathers. violence that completely stunned it, when there appeared a ghastly The cones are very small, consisting of not more than a dozen wound in the belly, inflicted by its antagonist's horn, from which scales ; and the seeds are eatable.
the bowels protruded. The conqueror now began to gore and Two magnificent Californian pines, with very long leaves (like trample upon its prostrate enemy, which it soon despatched, and the pineaster), and the beautiful Indian cedar, the Deodor, stand then galloping round the enclosure, streaming with blood, the also on this lawn ; and the last has been found to bear the cold as
foam dropping from its jaws, its eyes glancing fire, occasionally well, or better, than the common cedar of Lebanon.
stopping, pawing the ground, and roaring with maddened fury. Beyond this lawn is what Mr. Loudon, in his Arboretum A small rhinoceros was next introduced, which stood at the Britannicum, calls a conservative wall; against which are some of extremity of the arena, eyeing its foe with an oblique but anithe choicest plants in the gardens. The most beautiful of these-mated glance, though without the slightest appearance of excite. though perhaps the least rare-is the Wistaria consequana, marked ment. The buffalo, having described a circle from the centre of in the garden by its old name of Glycine sinensis. This beautiful the ground, plunged forwards toward the rhinoceros, with its head tree has flowers which resemble those of the laburnum, except in to the earth, its eyes appearing as about to start from their colour (which is a delicate lilac), and fragrance. The plants along sockets. Its wary antagonist turned to avoid the shock of this this wall would take a day to examine thoroughly. Among them furious charge, and just grazed the flank of the buffalo with its are the Chimonanthus fragrans, or winter-flower, which produces horn, ploughing up the skin, but doing no serious mischief. It its delightfully fragrant blossoms about Christmas; and Duvaua now champed and snorted like a wild hog, and its eyes began to ovata, which is remarkable for the singular elasticity of its leaves, twinkle wiúh evident expressions of anger. The buffalo repeated which, when laid on water, jump and spring about in a most the charge, one of its horns coming in contact with its adversary's remarkable manner. It must be observed, before leaving this shoulder, which, however, was protected by so thick a mail that wall, that the names are strangely confused, many of the plants not this produced no visible impression. The rhinoceros, the moment having the right names affixed to them.
it was struck, plunged its horn with wonderful activity and Passing hastily through the shrubbery dividing the conservative strength into the buffalo's hide, crushing the ribs and penetrating wall from the council-room, the visitor generally next visits the to the vitals; it then lifted the gored hody from the ground, hothouses, and here he will find abundant matter to gratify his and flung it to the distance of several feet, where the mangled curiosity. In the pits are several very fine specimens of Camellia, animal almost immediately breathed its last. The victor remained the most beautiful of which is Camellia reticulata, with pale red stationary, eyeing his motionless victim with a look of stern flowers, as large as those of a peony, but much more beautiful. In indifference; but the door of his den being opened, he trotted another pit is Ixia patens vur. rosea, with flowers of the richest into it, and began munching some cakes which had been thrown carmine.
to him as a reward for his conduct in so unequal a contest. In the largest hothouse, one of the most interesting plants is the Travels in the East.