Imagens das páginas


treatise of “the Trinity," saw a young child taking water with a down the enlargement, whether belladonna or digitalis, is not ladle from the sea, and pouring it into a small hole in the sand. recorded; but she did now and then keep down her dropsical distenSurprised at so strange an occupation, he questioned the boy, who sions, and, during the low state of her intermittent, became replied he was emptying the sea into that hole.“ It is impossible,"

small by degrees, and beautifully less.' But, on her return from

the India fleet, Bid Bod had a full fit of dropsy; her body was said the Saint. " If you find this impossible," rejoined the like a rhinoceros's - her legs like those of the largest elephant of the child,“ how much more so is it for you to elucidate that which King of Siam : she might have got the elephantiasis, from being God chooses to keep a mystery?” The child disappeared in a for a time so near, while on board the fleet, the elephant which the glory, and the Saint recognised in him the young Saviour. Nabob of Arcot was sending as a present to Queen Charlotte ; The hole in the sand is the human intellect. It can comprehend and so she landed, in all her amplitude, west of Claddah, and there

she (as I may say) tapped herself ; for she unrolled all the gold but a little portion of the exceeding greatness of God.

and silver muslin, the wonders of the India loom ; Cashmere shawls, that a lady might cover herself with from head to foot,

and yet they would pass easily through her wedding ring ;-these CONNAUGHT SMUGGLERS.

she stuffed into the hollow of an immense pillion on which she The following stories are taken from a recent publication, rode. * A Tour in Connaught,” by the Rev. Mr. Otway,-- a gentleman

Well, now suppose you see Bid with her padded pillion fastened who has done as much as any modern writer to bring his native convenient granite-stone, is mounted ; and her man Luke is before

on her large black buttoned-tailed mare, and she, by help of a country under observation. With a fine eye for scenery, a keen her, and she has her arm confidingly placed around said Luke's waist, perception and enjoyment of the ludicrous, a passionate love of and they are jogging on slow-paced and sure. They have got clear the strange legends and droll stories of his countrymen, joined to of the town of Galway,—the custom-house, the dreaded custom

house, is far behind, and she is entering on the interior,-the road a hearty, benevolent, thoughtful spirit, he bas rambled over the to Athenry before her, and all seems safe. How she chuckles in face of the country, and produced, from time to time, a series of her large and inmost soul over the success of her venture !-when, rich, racy, piquant “ Sketches of Ireland," which none but such all of a sudden, at the turning of the road, out bounced a smart, an Irishman could write. He is, to be sure, somewhat of a party the rein of her bridle. Madam,' said he, you must excuse me

dapper, active-eyed, but rather diminutive man, and caught hold of man--all Irishmen are party men, and how could a clergyman of for stopping you, while I have every desire to be civil to a lady ; yet the Established Church avoid exhibiting esprit de corps ?—still he having received information I can depend on, that you have just does not intrude his opinions very offensively, and they are speedily landed from the East India fleet with a quantity of run goods about forgotten in the enjoyment of his singular, wugh, racy, odd, droli, you, you must submit to be searched; which I must now proceed and eloquent descriptions. We shall, on one or two occasions, your sex and quality.'

to do, in the most accurate manner consistent with my respect for make extracts from his “ Sketches ;' and to such of our readers

“ Bid was at this accost, no doubt, surprised and distressed, but as can afford it, we recommend a perusal of his newly-published in no way thrown off her centre, and, without any hesitation, she “ Tour in Connaught.”

replied “ About the commencement of the present century, the Con

" • Sir, many thanks to you for your civility: I am quite aware naught secondary, gentry, who seldom thought of going to you are but acting according to information, and doing what you Dublin, used, besides rigging themselves out at Ballinasloe fair, to consider your duty ;--and, sir, in order to show how much you are have their common and occasional wants in the way of raiment, mistaken, I shall at once alight; but I am sure, sir, a gentleman jewellery, and spicery, supplied by pedlars, who went about the like you will help a poor, infirm woman, labouring under my sad country with large and strong chests stowed on carts, and which complaint, to alight with ease. The maie- bad manners to bercontained often valuable assortments of goods of all kinds. These is skittish, and it requires all my servant's hands to hold her.persons were of such respectability, that some of them dined at Luke, avick! this gentleman insists on taking me down; hold the tables of the gentry, and giving, as they generally did, credit, hard the beast while I am alighting-I'll do my endeavours to get they were very acceptable, and were treated with all possible con- off-there, sir—so, Button, (speaking to her horse.) Now, sideration. In fact, there was a considerable smuggling trade hold up your arms, sir, and I will gently drop ;-yes, that will carried on along the whole western coast; and, in return for our do:' and with that down she plopped herself into the little dapper Irish wool, the French silks and jewellery, and the Flanders laces, exciseman's arms. came in without the intervention of a custom-house. In promot- “ A summer-tent, pitched on a Swiss meadow, might as well bear ing this traffic, many of the western proprietors were concerned, up against the down-tumbling avalanche, as this spare man could and it is said that families who wear coronets became right wealthy the mountain of flesh that came over him; so down he went by the export of wool and the import of claret and French fabrics. sprawling, as Bid Bod intended he should do, and she uppermost, Be this as it may, the itinerant pedlars I have just alluded to were moaning and heaving over him,-and there they lay, when, with the convenient factors of this contrabandism, and their good stentorian voice, Bet cried out to her boy Lukeoffices were, on all hands, acknowledged. Of these, Mrs. Bridget Bodkin was not the least active, accommodating, or ingenious: she sure, will help me up when he can! Skelp away, ma boughal.'

“ . Luke, honey, ride off ; never mind me; the gentleman, I'm assumed to spring from one of the tribes of Galway, and though the gentry of the west looked down on regular traders and shop. ing. I shall not attempt to describe the remainder of this scene :

“ In the meanwhile, the exciseman lay groaning, and Bet moankeepers, yet Biddy Bod, as she was called, was considered as honourable and admissible ; for she was very useful, and many a

I leave it to the imagination to supporse that the smuggler kept ber wedding, as well as wedding gear, was the result of her providence

. position just so long as she thought it gave time enough for her But to my story :-A large fleet of East Indiamen, unable to beat property being carried far and away from the hands of the overup channel, from long-continued north-easterly winds, was

whelmed gauger." obliged to put into Galway bay for water and provisions, and The following is another story of a Connemara smuggler. there these huge merchantmen lay at anchor, freighted not only, “A man who was known to have a large mountain-farm and as at present, with tea and indigo, but with those delicate muslins extensive homestead in these hills, was observed very frequently to which Manchester had not yet learned to imitate. Now, it was ride into the town of B- ; and he rever made his appearance known to Bid Bod that each officer and sailor might have a supply without a woman, supposed to be his wife, jogging steadily and of such valuable goods as a private venture, and, to make her own uprightly on a pillion behind him. He was tall and gaunt in market, she went on board. Expert as she was in smuggling, she lookshe large and rotund, and encumbered (as is the mode of knew how and where about her own ample person to stow away all country wives) with a multitude of pet ticoats ; they always rode soft goods ; for she (mind you, fair reader,) was not strait-laced, into the yard of a man who kept a public:-house, and, before they as you may be ;-she, by nature large, still did not care to tighten alighted off their horse, the gate was carefi ally shut. It was known, herself up as if she would be a wasp ;-no, on the contrary, moreover, that this publican acted as fact or for this farmer in the the poor thing became quite dropsical—the swelling of her legs sale of his butter ; and so for a length of time things went on in a and body was sometimes awful. What medicine she used to get quiet and easy way, until one day it so happened (as indeed it is



very common for idlers, in a very idle country-town, to stand

THE BRITISH NAVY, making remarks on the people as they come by,) that the gauger, the innkeeper, and a squireen, were lounging away their day, when

NO. IX.-QUARTER-DECK OFFICERS. the farmer slowly paced by, with his everlasting wife behind him.

“ Hark to the boatswain's call, the cheering cry! Well,' says the squireen, of all the women I ever saw bumping

While through the seaman's hands the tackle glides ; on a pillion, that lump of a woman sits the awkwardest ; she don't

Or school-boy midshipman, that standing by, sit like a nathural-born crathur at all; and do you see how modest

Strains his shrill pipe as good or ill betides, she is ?-what with her flapped-down beaver hat, and all the frills

And well the docile crew that skilful urchin guides." and fallals about her, not an inch of her sweet face is to be seen, no

" White is the glassy deck, without a stain, more than an owl from out the ivy. I have a great mind to run

Where on the watch the staid lieutenant walks : up alongside of her, and give her a pinch in the toe, to make old

Look on that part which sacred doth remain Buckram look about her for once.' Oh, let her alone,' says the

For the lone chieftain, who majestic stalks, innkeeper ; they're a dacent couple from Joyce country. i'll be Silent, and feared by all."-Byron. bound, what makes her sit so stiff is all the eggs she is bringin' in

Whilst our ship is cruising, and the orderly regulations to Mrs. O'Mealey, who factors the butter for them. There was, adopted as to diet and exercise are producing their effects upon while he said this, a cunning leer about the innkeeper's mouth, as the crew, training the men into good condition, ready for the permuch as to denote that there was, to his knowledge, however he formance of any service, however arduous, we shall describe more came by it

, something mysterious about this said couple. This particularly the qualifications and duties of the officers of each was not lost on the subtle gauger, and he thought it no harm just

grade. to try more about the matter, and so he says, in a frolicsome way, * Why, then, for cur'osity sake, I will just run up to them, and noviciate at a very early age, particularly in a season of peace,

The young aspirant for naval honours should commence bis give the mistress a pinch--somewhere--she won't notice me at all when promotion is necessarily slow. As he becomes eligible for in the crowd and maybe then she'll look up, and we'll see her advancement at nineteen years of age, and is required to serve own purty face. Accordingly, no sooner said than done ; he ran

six years at sea before he can pass his examination for lieutenant, over to where the farmer was getting on slowly through the market the proper time for him to enter the profession is at the age of crowd, and, on the side of the pillion to which the woman's back

thirteen. was turned, attempted to give a sly pinch, but he might as well

Parents who design a son for the navy, should, therefore, not have pinched a pitcher ; nor did the woman even lift up her head, only study the disposition of the lad-for it would be cruel to or ask who is it that's hurting me?' This emboldened him to

force him into so dangerous a service against his will—but take give another knock with his knuckles; and this assault he found

care that his preparatory education is directed to the most useful not opposed, as it should be, by petticoats and flesh, but by what points. There are other things to be considered, as regards the he felt to be petticoats and metal. This is queer!' thought the choice of the naval profession, and we may serve our readers by gauger. He now was more bold, and with the butt-end of his walking-stick he hit what was so hard a bang, which

sounded as if giving them some information on this head.

In the first place, they should consider, that the navy is a prohe had struck a tin pot. "Stop here, honest man,' cried the fession in which emolument is seldom to be looked for. There are gauger. • Let my wife alone, will you, before the people, cried cases, to be sure, where large sums have been made by prize-money, the farmer. Not till I see what this honest woman is made of,' but these are extremely rare, and speaking generally, perhaps there roared the gauger. So he pulled, and the farmer dug his heels is no vocation that can be selected holding out so little inducement into his colt to get on, but all would not do ;-in the struggle down in point of profit. came the wife into the street, and as she fell on the pavement the

For the first two years, the rating is usually " Volunteer of the whole street rang with the squash, and in a moment there was a

first class," the pay being merely nominal, (in fact but £14 6s. gurgling as from a burst barrel, and a strong-smelling water comes per annum), and afterwards, the wages of a midshipman* is very #owing all about ; and flat poor Norah lies, there being an irrup- far from sufficient to enable the youth to maintain the station he tion of all her intestines, which flowed down the gutter as like must sapport. This being the case, captains, when receiving potteen whiskey as eggs are like eggs.

youngsters, stipulate that their friends shall make them an allow“ The fact was, that our friend from the land of Joyce had got ance of forty pounds per annum, over and above their pay, during made, by some tinker, a tin vessel with head and body the shape of the whole term of their noviciate, or " until they pass their two a woman, and dressed it out as a proper country dame. In this examinations, and obtain the rating of master's mate." way he carried his DARLINT behind him, and made much of her.” The first question is, therefore, to consider whether such an

We can hardly part from these smuggling stories without adding obligation can be conveniently incurred, in addition to the outfit, another, which, though not a smuggler, is yet an amusing exem- which costs fifty or sixty pounds? If it cannot, or indeed should plification of the power of the “ strong hand."

the smallest doubt exist, it is better to decline entering on it; “ It is not at all uncommon to find rabbits burrowing in the because it would be cruel to submit a high-spirited youth to the

mortifications he must endure if his mess is not regularly paid, ruined abbeys of Ireland, and the loose soil of the nave, choir, and

and he has not the means of maintaining a proper appearance. transepts, hollow as it is with graves and vaults, forms a secure

The next consideration is the influence the friends may possess place for breeding and retreat. A dignified clergyman lately with men in power, to further the young man's advancement. related to me a circumstance of rather striking nature, that he Mere merit will ensure promotion to a lieutenant, after a while, witnessed in a Munster abbey. He had entered unattended, on a fine summer's eve, the precincts of the venerable pile, and the to be sure, but it will probably be a long while ; for he must, if declining sun, casting its long beams through the windows, turn in this respect ; his services and pretensions will be scanned

wanting the assistance of influential friends, be content to wait his arches, and apertures, was effecting all those beautiful contrasts in comparison with others in the same condition ; and when he of light and shade that harmonised so well with all that was around. Nothing was within the enclosure to interrupt the quiet disgusted with a profession where his service

has been so poorly

obtains his rank at last, it finds him broken-spirited, and probably and lounging scrutiny he was making amidst the tombs, save the rewarded, and where he has witnessed the advancement of more caw of the daw from the belfry, or the hum of the beetle urging fortunate messmates. These considerations should deter those who, its drowsy flight through the ivied windows, -when, on a sudden, although they may conveniently incur pecuniary sacrifice, cannot a few yards off, he heard an agonising squeal, as of a being in afterwards make interest in high quarters, from permitting a choice great pain; and then, looking in the direction of the choir, he saw a weasel mounted on the neck of a large rabbit, that was thus and talent, to say nothing of the money, necessary to reach the

of a profession which holds out such slepder prospects : for the time giving its death-note as the fierce animal was sucking out its life's blood; when, all of a sudden, and to his utter astonishment, he

first step of his promotion in the navy, would serve to establish a saw from under the tomb adjoining to which the struggle was

young man in some lucrative vocation. going on, a bare human arm protruded, which with strong grasp to the navy, his studies must be directed particularly to mathe

Supposing all these things considered, and the youngster devoted seized the rabbit, and dragged it into the vault.. What could this matics, French, and drawing, these being the essential branches be-a ghost ?--pshaw! A miraculous interposition ?--what, for a rabbit ! Take courage, oh my soul, and let us see. And it was

wherein it is desirable he should be grounded. If brought up at soon explained ; a mason who was repairing the interior of the

a classical school, he will be able to continue his readings on board vault, seeing the success of the hunting weasel, took a dirty advan- * We have detailed the pay of each rating in the third of these Navy tage of the stout little vermin, and had the lion's skare."

articles, in No. X, of the Journal.


and be directed in his progress by the “naval instructor," who it tells in his favour : for the passing captains will probably report being a University graduate, is quite competent in this respect. his proficiency to the Admiralty, and be willing to receive him in

When we consider the various situations in which naval officers their own ships, should he so desire. are placed, and the diplomatic duties those in command are often It sometimes happens that the midshipman is rated master's mate required to perform, it is most desirable that they should be as well before he has served six years, this being at the option of the educated and well informed as possible ; and so that the boy is captain ; but the regulations require that he shall serve six entire grounded in the rudiments, he may (now that competent instructors years at sea, two of which must be in the rating of master's mate have been provided) be able to continue his labours for two years or midshipman; and when he can produce certificates of this, and at least, during which he is not required to perform anyrduty that also that he has attained his nineteenth year, he may present prevents his schooling, with nearly the same facility and advantage himself before the three captains appointed to examine his qualias if he had continued at school. .

fications. Formerly this was the only examination he underwent, Application must be made to some captain in command of a ship, and it embraced questions in seamanship and navigation also : at who is willing to receive the young aspirant, and this effected, he present he is interrogated as to his proficiency in navigation and should be inducted as soon after the age of thirteen as possible. astronomy, by a committee at the Naval College, Portsmouth, the Any outfitter, or military and naval tailor, will inform the parents captains confining their examination to the test of his ability to of the stock of articles usually required ; and these should be manage and command a ship in any situation that may occur; and adapted to the season, and the station the ship is designed for, for this purpose they put such questions as to them seem meet, and need not be abundant when the lad is growing. The young and if they are satisfied, give the young gentleman a certificate to middy's uniform is very handsome, and the contemplation of the effect that “ he has passed." strutting in cocked hat and dirk, has no doubt tempted many a boy This and the college examination over, he is considered comto enter the navy, who has had abundant reason to curse his folly petent to any duty that a seaman may be called on to perform; he when he afterwards perceived his brothers and schoolfellows, of is thenceforth always rated master's mate, and he is eligible for a more humble aspirations, making fortunes in lucrative professions. lieutenant's commission as soon as he is lucky enough to obtain it.

The whole of the young gentleman's clothes are contained in a It is very seldom that even those who have influential friends, chest proper for the occasion, and of specified dimensions, and he acquire their promotion in less than two years after passing; and usually engages a marine to brush his clothes and shoes, and a such being the rule generally acted on, it becomes the more seaman to carry his hammock up and down, scrub it, &c. &c. To necessary that the noviciate should commence so early. During the first of these he pays five shillings a month, and to the other the time that elapses between the passing and the promotion, our two shillings.

young officer is, however, acquiring as much experience as if his For awhile, and until he has acquired some acquaintance with advancement had taken place. He is either a deck mate, a day the strange sights he encounters on board, established his sea legs* mate, or a signal mate ; the duty of the former being the care of -and completely recovered from the effects of sea-sickness—little the main, lower, and orlop deck and hold, and serving out the duty, is exacted from him. He is kept at school morning and provisions ; and of the latter, the care and disposition of the signal evening, and required to be on deck when taking altitudes of the flags. He is moreover frequently required to do the duty of a sun or stars, also the sun's azimuth; and made practically ac- lieutenant ; to take charge of a watch should one of these be quainted with the mode of using and adjusting the instruments absent, or ill, or under arrest; and he has his subdivision of necessary for these purposes.

seamen to scrutinize, and his log to keep. As he attains strength and confidence he is taught to knot and The step from master's mate to lieutenant is the greatest in the splice, to go aloft, to reef, hand, and steer, and gradually acquires service. In the former rating he had no recognized rank, nor the manual duties of a seaman. He is seldom required to keep half-pay to support him when unemployed,* and he could be diswatch at night for the first two years, but in the day when all charged and turned adrift a burden upon his friends at the caprice hands are called, he is expected to appear, and also ať divisions of his captain ; besides that he frequently experienced difficulty in and quarters, at which latter his station is the quarter-deck, acting obtaining a rating. The possession of a lieutenant's commission as aide-de-camp to the captain, and ready to carry his orders to at once removes the whole of these troubles, gives him rank the lieutenants in command on the decks below.

equivalent to that of a captain in the army, a half-pay, which At the expiration of two years our youngster is generally rated although scanty, is still sufficient for his support,--and he cannot midshipman, and thenceforth stationed'in a watch, in a subdivision be deprived of his commission, except by sentence of a courtof the guns on one of the decks at quarters, and aloft at reefing or martial for some proved offence. furling. His school instruction still goes forward, but he cannot But his duties are now more arduous and responsible. During attend to it as punctually as before. He is now supposed capable his watch, the ship and all on board are entrusted to his sole charge, of keeping a ship’s reckoning, and required to produce an account dependent for their safety upon his skill and promptitude to meet of the same, called his “ day's work”-every day, as soon after occasions continually occurring. He has command of a division noon as possible, setting forth the course and distance run during of seamen, whose clothes and appointments it is his duty to inspect the last twenty-four hours, the latitude and longitude the ship is periodically. He attests the log-book, or that portion which relates in, and the bearing by compass, and distance of the nearest land. to the occurrences of his watch ; commands a portion of the His duty is to repeat the orders of the lieutenant, to see them ship's battery in battle ; and has some special duty to perform at carried into effect, and to visit the men on the looks-out and every evolution that requires the service of all hands. keep them alert. He paces the lee-side of the quarter-deck It is part of the duty of the lieutenant of the watch to call the capduring his watch, and is always ready to answer the call of his tain during the night, and report any change of weather, and also, superior. The lieutenant, if considerate, will generally send the should necessity arise for making alteration in the course of the youngest of the mids to bed before the end of a four hours' watch ship, or the sail ordered to be carried during the night. This is a --for the sea air has a most somnolent effect, and youngsters are general order, and although highly inconvenient for the officer of the very apt to skulk away, and “caulk,” that is, lie down in their watch to leave the deck for an instant on this, or any other occasion, clothes; and when found in this situation, their messmates have an it is nevertheless generally exacted. There is an anecdote told of effective, although somewhat violent mode of rousing, by sluicing a captain (now an admiral) who was most particular in this respect. them with a bucket of salt water, called “ blowing the grampus.' One night the lieutenant of the watch repaired to the cabin about

As our middy grows in years and strength, he becomes mate of eleven o'clock, aroused the captain, informing him that it looked the watch, and then he has the duty of heaving the log and mark- dirty to windward, and that it was necessary to reef. “Very well, ing the ship’s course, her rate of sailing, and the direction of the do so," replied he, “ and call me if it blows harder.” The gale wind with chalk upon the log-board. He also arouses the lieu- came on, and the captain was frequently informed of its increase, tenant who is to relieve the watch-musters the men and when as necessity arose for reducing sail, until at last the ship, was all hands are called, acquaints the first lieutenant and the rest of brought under her storm stay-sails ; when about four o'clock the the officers. He is required to keep a log or journal of the prin- lieutenant again repaired to the cabin to report a sail split. Very cipal events, filling up a printed form, and this , as well as certificates well, Mr. Haulaway," replied the captain, ", bend another

sail, and from the captains he has served under, must be produced on the call me if it blows harder." —“I imagine, sir,” replied the lieutenant, day of his examination for lieutenant. If, in addition to the “the gale is at its height; I never knew it blow so hard, and I do events usually detailed in the log, he adds drawings of head-lands, not think it can blow harder.”_" Oh!" said the chief, turning and observations upon places visited tending to their description, himself in his cot,“ call me, when it moderates !”

* A midshipman's half-pay is facetiously estimated at three farthings per * To walk steadily, notwithstanding the oscillating motion of the ship.

annum, and paid quarterly to puzzle the clerks.

Should the lieutenant on his first appointment find himself the Perhaps there is no individual in authority under the Crown junior officer, he is denominated “ Boots”-a term given him, ir trusted with so much discretionary power as the captain of a because he is called on to perform any chance duty that may be vessel of war. Upon his own quarter-deck his will is supreme: necessary, such as answering signals, &c., his principal business no man dares to question it; and it is wonderful that, possessed being to drill the seamen at small-arms, and to take care that the of almost absolute power, so very few are found to abuse it. muskets, pistols, and cutlasses, are kept clean, and free from rust. During the war there were, we grieve to say, many commanders If he has been instructed in the theory and practice of gunnery on who exercised a severity, and sometimes a tyranny over their board the Excellent at Portsmouth, he is called the gunnery lieu-crews, that could only be justified by the quality of the materials tenant, and appointed to teach first the captains of guns, and then they had to deal with. When a portion of their ships' companies divisions of two or three crews of guns at a time, the established were men of desperate character, whose punishment for crimes com. mode of performing the exercise, so as to produce an uniform mitted on shore was commuted for service at sea, it was necessary manual ; as he advances in seniority, he at last attains to be first that a species of terror should be upheld as the only means of lieutenant, or executive officer, through whom the captain's orders restraining their vicious propensities; and the frequent recurrence are carried into effect, and in whom, in fact, centres the whole of corporal punishment blunted the feelings of officers, and proroutine of the ship's discipline. Whenever all hands are called, bably occasioned greater severity than would otherwise have been the first lieutenant takes command on the quarter-deck, and issues the case. But as such characters are never received at present, and the orders, or "works the ship," as it is called. In action he sup- the infliction of flogging is also restrained under certain regulations, ports the captain; if he falls, succeeds him; and to become what is it is but seldom that severity is necessary. Nevertheless, an ill. considered a smart” first lieutenant, the life and soul of the officer disposed or ill-tempered captain may harass his men extremely must be in his profession. The ship should absorb all his thoughts, with secondary punishments, besides depriving them of the usual and his mind be constantly employed with reference to perfecting indulgences ; and all this without placing himself in a position to the very many matters connected with that complicated machine. incur the displeasure of the authorities. Hence the necessity for Upon his tact, temper, and disposition, very much of the comfort every officer selected to command being of established reputation of the whole will depend; for he has many opportunities of in the service, and the great responsibility which rests upon those obliging, as well as disobliging, punishing, and rewarding, and who make the selection. therefore every one on board is anxious to conciliate his good To detail the duties of the captain would be to describe the opinion.

whole routine of the ship, for his authority extends over all, being After an officer has served several years as lieutenant, particu- responsible for every act performed. No stores or provisions can larly in peace, when opportunities for distinguishing himself so be procured or expended without his approval, and all the accounts rarely occur, he is seldom solicitous for employment afloat, unless are submitted to his inspection and attested by his signature. Over he can obtain the post of first lieutenant. The half-pay being 58. the officers, and more particularly the younger portion, he exercises per diem, is very nearly as much as the full-pay, as reference to a paternal authority, indorses their bills abroad, and often supplies the scale already alluded to will show; and if he is married, but a their necessities. The sick he regards with particular attention, smati portion of his pay can be allotted to the support of his family. frequently appropriating the largest portion of his live stockHe is therefore naturally desirous to remain on shore, if he pos. maintained on board, be it recollected, at great expense-to such sesses no influential interest to further his promotion ; and having cases as the surgeon reports to require better food than the ship's already acquired a fyll knowledge of his profession, he prefers allowance ; yet, with all this power and authority, his high rank residing with his family, and appropriating his small income to considered, and the necessity which custom imposes upon him to their comfort, than actual service under circumstances which not maintain an establishment out of his pay equal to that for which, only absorbs the greatest portion of his pay; but his commission in every other navy, an allowance is made, the captain of a British itself is at stake should he unfortunately fall under the strict letter ship of war is undoubtedly the worst paid servant under the Crown. of the Articles of War.

In our next article we shall sketch the duties of the remaining It is by no means necessary that the lieutenant should have been officers. in the situation of " first,” before he is eligible for his next step ; all required is, that he shall have served at sea in that rank two complete years. As our ship has no commander on board, we shall not dwell upon the duties of that officer, but dismiss him by Man then is free ; he has the power to seek happiness in his merely observing, that when in a line-of-battle ship he performs own way. He enters upon existence and sets forward in the path the duties of a first lieutenant, and when in command of a sloop- of life. But as he passes along, a thousand tempters beset him. of-war, he is in all respects the same as a captain. He ranks with Pleasure comes to beckon him away, offering him present flowers, a major in the army, sits on court-martials, and, in fact, asso- and unfolding beautiful prospects in the distance. Wealth seeks ciates whilst on shore, shares prize-money with, and is admitted to make him her votary, by disclosing her magic power over men into the society of captains (commonly called post-captains), and things. Ambition woos him with dreams of glory. Indolence although one step below them.

essays to soften and seduce him to her influence. Love, envy, The captain of a seventy-four gun ship has generally held that malice, revenge, jealousy, and other busy spirits, assail him with rank (corresponding to a colonel in the army) for fifteen or twenty their various arts. And man is free to yield to these temptations, years, and probably commanded frigates and vessels of smaller if he will ; or he has the power to resist them, if he will. God rates in his course of service ; but this is not a necessary condition has surrendered him to his own discretion, making him respon. of his appointment. He must serve in command of a rated ship three sible, however, for the use and the abuse of the liberty bestowed years in war, or six in peace, before he is eligible for promotion to upon him. his flag; and this is the reason why so much desire is manifested If a person mounts a high-spirited horse, it is important that he by officers for a ship, notwithstanding the pecuniary sacrifice it should be able to control him, otherwise he may be dashed in involves, in order to uphold the dignity of the station.

pieces. If an engineer undertakes to conduct a locomotive, it is The multifarious duties that fall on the captain are such as to necessary that he should be able to guide or check the panting require first-rate ability for their proper performance. Although engine at his pleasure, else his own life, and the lives of others, he seldom takes an active part in the executive duties of the ship, may be sacrificed. But it is still more indispensable that an indihe is responsible for the service he is ordered upon being well or vidual, who is entrusted with the care of himself, should be able ill executed. It frequently happens that he has intricate diplo- to govern himself. matic correspondence to conduct, and cases to meet, when he has This might seem a very easy task ; but it is one of the most no opportunity to consult authorities, and must act upon his indi- difficult that we are called upon to perform. History shows us vidual judgment; and when we consider that he has small oppor. that some of the greatest men have failed in it. Alexander could tunity for qualifying himself in this respect--we mean in comparison conquer the legions of Persia, but he could not conquer his paswith those who have the advantage of a university education—it is sions. Cæsar triumphed in a hundred battles, but he fell a matter of astonishment that so little inconvenience has resulted victim to the desire of being a king. Bonaparte vanquished nearly from the conduct of naval officers. The admirals in command on the the whole of Europe, but he could not vanquish his own ambition. Mediterranean station, as well as in South America, at several very And in humbler life, nearer home, in our own every-day affairs, critical periods displayed a judgment and ability in conducting the most of us are often drawn aside from the path of duty and discremost intricate correspondence to a successful issue, such as might tion, because we cannot resist some temptation or overcome some excite the admiration and envy of the trained diplomatist. prejudice.

Fireside Education.






“It is really very elegant,” roared the male--of a certain age.

Ma-ag-ni-fi-cent!rejoined his well-matched companion. Tuis coffee-house, situated in the new Galerie d'Orléans, in Upon this, the tall young lady shook her ambrosial locks, and the Palais Royal, is one of the handsomest and most convenient pointing to the richly-gilt poêle, cried out, “ What's that? what's in Paris.

To assist the “mind's eye” of the reader, during our descrip- The garçon gaily waved his serviette (napkin.) De l'orgeat 3 tion of a little scene which occurred recently in that place of (sugared barley-water) oui, madame, de suite," said he, and was resort, it may be as well to commence with a sketch of its general running off to fetch the refreshing beverage, when the leader of the appearance.

party grunted, “Well, shall we go?" There are four entrances to the Cafe,-two from the gallery, Yes,” squeaked his rib (I presume she was bone of his bone), and two from the opposite arcade. The interior is very elegant; and off they went by the opposite door. it is surrounded by large looking-glasses, and the panels are The tall young lady kept her eyes fixed on the poéle~"What's ornamented with great taste. The ceiling is divided into com- that ?" again she cried; but finding the seniors had decamped, she partments of white and gold, from which several handsome hastily followed their steps. As her companion, the gentlechandeliers are suspended. The tables are of fine and highly looking young creature before mentioned, passed me, our eyes polished marble, and in the centre of the saloon is a poéle, or met-I think we felt alike-we were ashamed of our compatriots. stove, of a peculiarly novel form, and richly gilt. The comptoir is She blushed, and retired in confusion. I imagine she must have of superior mahogany, with gilt ornaments,—all in the best taste. been a poor relative, or a humble friend; but how much more

But the Café d'Orléans is rendered particularly agreeable by dignified and amiable did she appear than her arrogant, selfish the obligingness of the master of the establishment, the extreme companions !-who, however, will pass for very intelligent people, civility and attention of the waiters,—the excellent supply of and, on their return to England, will doubtless talk like oracles newspapers,—the good quality of the refreshments, and the mode- about Paris, its cafés, its institutions, and all its lions. The rate charges.

unassuming girl will, perhaps, never be asked for an opinion, and A glass of eau-sucrée is handed to you with as much alacrity will be too modest to offer one. and respect as an ice, or a déjeune à-la-fourchette ;-you meet After the departure of the intruders, I observed the waiters." with the same politeness from the dame du comptoir, when you They certainly appeared somewhat surprised, and waited a few present to her a few sous, in payment for a slight refection, as seconds, as though they expected that the party would return: though the bill amounted to several francs ; and if one sou be they then put the seats they had prepared into their places, ready dropped into the urn for the garçon, it is recognised as a suitable for other guests ; and one of them went up to the comptoir, and offering.

said something in a low tone of voice to the dame, who smiled-1 I occasionally go to the Café d'Orléans, to skim the French will not say ironically, but significantly. papers ; read Galignani's Messenger all through, because its Is it surprising that the English are sometimes quizzed by the contents transport my imagination to my beloved country; pry Parisians ? No one can love and honour his country and his into the Moniteur, to see whether there be any official communi- countrymen more than I do mine; and as to my fair compatriotes, cations, revelations, or refutations; stare the Caricature in the they are, in my opinion, superior to any women in the world. face, or dip into the literary journal called the Cabinet de Lecture. Neither am I a panegyrist of the French, to the detriment of the

Being there the other day, my attention was suddenly diverted English. I give our neighbours credit for the numerous good from my newspaper, by some persons speaking English in loud qualities they possess, but I am not blind either to the faults or tones. Raising my eyes, I perceived a lady and gentleman the prejudices they too generally entertain on many points conwalking across the coffee-room.

nected with England; which prejudices travel and impartial “What a nice place!” said the lady.

reading would tend to dispel. It is, however, deplorable to see how “ Isn't it handsome?" inquired the gentleman.

ridiculously a great number of English people conduct themselves It is indeed,” replied the lady, looking all round the saloon. when they are abroad. Too many of them seem to think that

Thus loudly praising the Café, and exciting the admiration of they may take all sorts of liberties with foreigners. Numbers of the habitués, they advanced towards a little round table, close to tourists return to their firesides, without having gained any knowthe door opposite to that by which they had entered, apparently ledge whatever of the manners aud customs they profess to come with the intention of ordering some refreshment. No such thing: over to observe ; and, above all, they often lose sight of that -out they popped, and at the same moment in marched the decency of demeanour towards strangers which they practise in remainder of the party through the other door.

their own country. This division consisted of four persons ---namely, a male and

What, let me ask, would be the effect of behaviour such as I have female, of a certain age, extremely well dressed, and two young described, in an English tavern, coffee-house, oyster-room, pastryladies ; one of whom was very tall, and very slim, and distin. cook's, or other place of public entertainment? Why, the waiter guished by a profusion of light hair, falling in graceful ringlets would tell the gentlefolks that they were no gentlefolks,- and very down each side of her face. The other was a pretty, quiet-looking properly so. It is much the fashion, too, to run down Old young gentlewoman, simply but elegantly attired.

England, and to extol the superior and multifarious agrémens of The man expatiated loudly on the superiority of the Café. France. In Paris, many are apt to say, you can visit every public “ Observe the looking-glasses,” said he.

place without payment; whereas, in London, you are deprived of " And the ceiling," added the lady.

this advantage. “ Beautiful ! beautiful !" exclaimed the fair-haired lass.

This observation is correct in many respects—not in all : but The dame du comptoir rang her little bell, to call the attention well may those who act as the male-of a certain age-and his of the waiters to the party. A garçon approached, napkin in inquisitive companions, dilate upor. the exemption from charge, hand, and made a movement to prepare seats at a handsome and the facility with which all places of public resort in Paris marble table. No notice was taken by the English visiters. may be viewed !

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