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place. They encountered a severe storm, and crossed the Papillon many years discovered, of from five to twenty miles wide, and eighty river with difficulty ; reaching the Elkhorn, and after travelling miles long, renders the journey through these mountains com. ten miles up its banks, encamped for the night. On the follow- paratively easy. Cold winds from the snow-topped hills denote the ing day they met two American traders with a small caravan change of the atmosphere. The mountains are indeed rocky moun. returning to the States, when mutual exchanges of friendship tains. They are rocks heaped upon rocks, with no vegetation exceptpassed between them. They had now the land of the Otoes on the ing a few cedars growing out of the crevices near their base. Their east, and the Pawnees' on the west, a most luxuriant and inviting tops are covered with perpetual snow, the highest being 18,000 country; the latitude high enough to be healthy, and holding out feet above the level of the sea. Here the author observes, from every inducement to cultivation. Grass grows of many species, the levelness of this valley, that there would be no difficulty of and numerous and beautiful flowering plants, especially the rose, constructing a railroad from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean ; and which is found of almost every hue. Shall solitude reign there probably the time may not be far distant when trips will be made till the end of time? or at some future period shall the din of across the continent, as they have been made to the Niagara falls ! business be heard, and the sound of the church-going bell? It is Emerging from the mountains, having passed Big Sandy river, plain that the Indians, under their present circumstances, will never they came to Green river, a branch of the Colorado, in lat. 42°, multiply and fill this land. To effect this, they must be brought where the caravan held their rendezvous. The Fur Company under the influence of civilisation and Christianity.
men in and about the mountains here deposit their furs, and take They proceeded over the rolling prairie to the Loups fork of fresh supplies for the coming year. Parties from four different the Platte, passed the village of the Tapage and Republican nations of Indians were at this time assembled there for the pur. Pawnee Indians. Big Ax, the chief, received them with great kind pose of traffic. While at this place, Dr. Whitman performed ness, and as they were starting on their summer hunt in the same several surgical operations, such as extracting iron arrows, which track, the tribe accompanied the caravan for some days. The excited much amazement among the Indians. They bad an travellers having as yet no interpreter, were unable to avail them interesting interview with several of the chiefs relative to the selves of many opportunities of ascertaining correctly the ideas of object of their appointment. The Nez Percé and Flathead Indians these Indians on religious subjects. Their provision, which had present a promising field for missionary labour. This they fixed hitherto been but bacon and boiled corn, being now reduced to on as a missionary station ; and that another year might not corn only, the appearance of buffalo (properly bison) spread elapse, Dr. Whitman determined to return with the caravan to cheerfulness among them, and for some time they had an abun- carry this purpose into effect. Meanwhile, Mr. Parker procured dant supply of excellent meat. Proceeding up the north fork a voyageur who understood a little of English, and the Indian of the Platte, the change of vegetation, the appearance of different chiefs selected one of their principal young men to convoy him to birds, &c., indicate a higher region of country. Rocks begin to Fort Walla-Walla on the Columbia river. appear, yet they are far from the Rocky Mountains. Buffaloes, Aug. 22.-The two travellers parted ; one to return to the antelopes, elks, &c. now abound in great numbers. Though Mr. States, and the other to pursue his route, which was now by the Parker does not describe a buffalo chase with the zest of Wash- Trois Tetons, three very high mountains separated from the ington Irving, he nevertheless has a peril to record. Seeing the main chain ; thence to Salmon river. The scenery is wild, and men chasing and shooting, he was roused : "I do not,” he says, in many places sublime. Mountains of rock almost perpendi“feel authorised to sport with animal life, but I thought it not cular shoot forth their heads. Great diversity of strata occurs : improper to try my horse in the chase. He ran very swiftly, was grey wacke, magnesian limestone, and brown gypsum, prevail; not at all afraid, and would have run into the midst of them,
had I under the bed of the latter is a sulphur spring, sending up about not held him in check. He appeared to enjoy the sport. I shot thirty gallons per minute. Norway pine, balsam fir, double one through the shoulders, which had received a wound, which spruce, and common poplar, abound; and flax grows here spontamust have been fatal.” Mr. Parker ignorantly incurred some neously, and is perennial, of which the Indians make their pets. danger : for be dismounted to take aim, and had the wounded The fatigues of travelling were made light by the exceeding beast risen and rushed upon him, he could not have mounted in kindness of the Indians, who more than anticipated the travellers' time to escape.
wishes. On the 25th, they encamped at a place called Jackson's On the 25th, they fell in with a large party of friendly Ogallalahs, | Large Hole, and recruited for some days. This place is well and went with them to their main village, consisting of more than watered by a branch of the Snake river and Lewis's river, which 2000 persons. These villages are not stationary, but move from last is the outlet of Jackson's lake. Springs of uncommon place to place. They were now going to the Black Hills for the pur- clearness issue from the surrounding mountains. The vale is pose of trading. On Sunday, 26th, they encamped near Larama’s well supplied with grass, and the horses and mules were com. fork in the Black Hills, and spent the day in reading and devotion. pensated for past deprivations. The mountains are covered with On this as on former occasions, the author laments his inability to wood, while the distance presents the appearance of an immensely converse with the Indians, especially as their general intelligence large bank of snow, or luminous clouds skirting the horizon. and keen observation warranted an opinion that they were desirous The solitude of these hills and dales will one day be lost in the of information. The minds of these Indians are above the ordinary lowing of herds and bleating of flocks, and the incense of prayer stamp, and the forms of their persons are fine; many of them are and praise ascend from many altars. On the 31st, passed a “nature's grenadiers.” The women also are well formed; their volcanic chasm of several miles extent, found lava, volcanic glass, voices soft and expressive, and their movements graceful. It was and vitrified stones. Receding from the mountains, the climate agreeably surprising to see tall young chiefs, well dressed in their becomes warmer, and the way is now through great diversity of mode, leading by the arm their ladies; in decency and politeness soil. Cross Henry's fork. In Coté's defile, they met a band of they differ from those on the frontiers who have had intercourse Nez Percés, and were saluted most kindly by their head chief. with bad white men, and who have had access to whiskey. On At a meeting of the chiefs, and as many as one of the lodges the 30th, they met in council with the chiefs, when the object of would contain, the object of the mission was explained, which the tour was laid before them. They expressed much satisfaction gave them all great joy. On Sunday the 6th, a good interpreter with the proposal, and said they would do all they could to make having arrived from Fort Hall, public worship was observed, and missionaries comfortable. There can be no doubt that the com- between 400 and 500 assembled in an orderly manner, and bemunity of the Sioux would be a profitable field for labourers. haved with great circumspection. Arrived at the Fort of the Black Hills.
Oct. 3.- No rain had fallen since the 18th July. The water on Aug. 1.--The next point is across the Rocky Mountains, where this side the Rocky Mountains is excellent, and no country can the general rendezvous is held. The waggons were now abandoned, possess a climate more conducive to health. On the Walla-Walla and their stores packed upon mules. The geology of those regions river there is yellow pine cotton wood and willows, and various now becomes more interesting ;-herbage is scanty, and the mineral kinds of shrubbery. Prairie hens and avosets, robins, and other kingdom discloses many of its varieties-granite, anthracite coal, small birds, are plentiful, and crows are everywhere to be seen, iron ore, semi-transparent green serpentine, fine yellow sand- and are remarkably tame. Oct. 14, brought them to the Fort of stone, are to be found, besides the appearance of volcanic eruption. Walla-Walla, and to the enjoyment of civilised society. This The strong and ferocious grisly bear, the terror of travellers, and settlement is on the south side of the Columbia river, in lat. a match for the most powerful buffalo, is here an inhabitant. Pass- 46° 2', long. 119° 30'. The establishment have necessaries, and ing over to the Sweet Water, a branch of the Platte, on the 6th, they many have the conveniences of life. They have cows, hogs, encamp near Rock Independence, the beginning of that stupendous fowls, &c; and grow corn, potatoes, and garden vegetables. chain of mountains which divides North America. A valley not Salmon and other fish are abundant. They keep dry goods and
hardware for barter with the Indians. The journey hither took Fruit, such as apples, peaches, grapes, and strawberries grow, in six months and twenty-three days.
plenty. Figs, oranges, and lemons, have also been introduced, and Oct. 8.–The next destination was to Fort Vancouver, 200 miles grow, with about the same care as in the latitude of Philadelphia ; down the Columbia, and having settled with and discharged the in- they have a flour and saw-mill, a bakery, shops for blacksmiths, terpreter and Indians, bargained with three of the Walla-Walla tribe joiners, and carpenters, and a tinner; also an hospital, into to proceed with a canoe. The passage down this river is exceed which Indians are received. ingly interesting, exhibiting great variety of country, through It is estimated that there are 9,000 white men in the north and volcanic mountains, basaltic rocks, fertile valleys, woods, hills and in the great west, engaged in trading, trapping, and hunting ; and level plains. In this river, which is in some places three miles from correct data, it appears recruits, to the amount of one third, wide, are several islands capable of bearing good crops. Along are annually required; yet hundreds are willing to expose them. its banks the Cayuse, Chenooks, Nez Percés, and other tribes, live selves to hardships, famine, dangers, and death. in harmony, without feuds or jealousies ; which speaks much in Dec. 25.—The holidays are not forgotten in these far distant favour of their kind and peaceable dispositions, affording another regions. From Christmas till the New-year all labour is susproof of what might be effected by missionary enterprise. Passing pended, and a general time of indulgence and festivity commences. Bront Island, Pillar Rock, and the Falls, the tide and the appear- In the far regions beyond the mountains, besides the buffalo, ance of water-fowl proclaim the approach to the Pacific Ocean. the elk, and the antelope, the big-horn sheep, the white, grisly, At the lower part of the La Dalles, they found a captain from brown, and black bear; are to be found also, the racoon, otter, Boston, with a small company of men, going up the river to Fort badger, fox, weasel, wolves, wolverins, hares, hedgehogs, squirrels, Hall. He was an intelligent sociable man, and had the charge of &c. It is hardly necessary to say that the beaver, so noted for the business of a company formed in Boston, for salmon fishing its valuable fur, for its activity and perseverance, its social habits, on the Columbia, and for trade and trapping in the region of the its sagacity and skill in constructing its village, and preparing its mountains. Some extraordinary phenomena occur in this river. neat and comfortable dwelling, is an inhabitant of this country. Thousands of trees may be seen standing in their natural position in the Columbia are to be found salmon, sturgeon, anchovy, rockin the river in places where the water is above twenty feet deep, cod, and trout. On the coast the hart, seal, and the sca-otter, and rising to high or freshet water-mark, which is fifteen feet above the low water. The water being clear, their spreading roots The Indians of the plain live in the upper country, from the are to be seen in the same condition as when standing in their falls of the Columbia to the Rocky Mountains, the principal natural forest, and so numerous are they in many places as to be tribes of which are, the Nez Percés, Cayuses, Walla-Wallas, an obstruction to the canoes. Must not this subsidence have been Bonax, Shoshones, Spokeins, Flatheads, Cour de Lions, Pondeof recent date? The upheaving of the La Dalles or volcanic ras, Cootanies, Kettlefalls, Okanagans, and Carriers. The men rocks, and the many basaltic and other formations on this are tall, and both sexes are well formed ; their hair and eyes are river, are also subjects of sublime contemplation. Here literally black, their cheek-bones high, their hands, feet, and ancles are it may be said, the valleys are being exalted, the mountains small, and their movements are easy and graceful. Their dress is laid low, and waters spring up in the desert. Seven months a shirt, worn over long close leggings, with mocassins for their and two days had now expired, the fifty-six last days with Indians feet, over which they wear a buffalo robe. They are fond of ornaoply. No absolute deprivation of food had been suffered, yet ments, and paint their faces with vermilion, &c. Their horses, the arrival at Fort Vancouver, and the hospitable attentions of which are their greatest wealth, they likewise decorate with gaudy the chief superintendant of that station of the Fur Company, were trappings. Some chiefs own several hundred, and the poorest hailed with grateful consideration. Fort Vancouver is on the have one for each member of their family at least. For subsistnorth side of the Columbia, on a prairie surrounded with dense ence they of necessity depend on hunting and fishing, and gatherwoods, interspersed with fertile plains. It is in N. lat. 45° 37', | ing roots and berries. Their cookery is simple, and most of their long. 122° 50' West from Greenwich; 100 miles from the food is roasted. Pacific Ocean. About 100 white men form the establishment. The habits of the Indians are said to be indolent. As a general
Oct. 17th.-Anxious to visit the Pacific, and return to Van- remark, it may be true ; yet there is little to confirm it among the couver before the rainy season should set in, and having the Indians of the plain. In general characteristics there is no differopportunity of the Boston brig, after one night's rest, Mr. Parker ence between them and other nations. As a part of the human left for St George (Astoria) ninety miles below, and near the family they have the same natural propensities, and the same confluence of the Columbia with the Pacific. Coffin rock, Deer social affections. They are cheerful, and often gay, sociable, island, Watapoo island, the mouth of Conalitz river, and Gray's bay, kind, and affectionate ; and anxious to receive instruction in whatare objects of attraction. Soon the Pacific Ocean opened to the ever may conduce to their happiness here or hereafter. Their view. “ This boundary of the far west,” says Mr. Parker, "was manufactures are few and simple, not 'extending much beyond to me an object of great interest; and when I looked upon the dressing skins for clothing, making bows and arrows, and some dark rolling waves, and reflected upon the vast 'expanse of five few articles of furniture. Their cooking utensils are mostly thousand miles, without an intervening island until you arrive at obtained from traders. Their canoes and fishing-nets are conthe Japan coast, a stretch of thought was required like contem- structed with great labour and patience. In religion, they believe plating infinity, which can measure only by succession its ex- in one Great Spirit, in the immortality of the soul, and in future haustion and sublimity. Like the vanishing lines of prospect, rewards and punishments ;, their definite ideas of a religious so is contemplation lost in this extent of ocean.”
nature, however, are extremely limited. On this mountainous and iron-bound coast are some tracts of The Indians west of the great chain of mountains are averse to good land; but the country is for the most part covered with the war, and only act on the defensive, when attacked by the Blackmost heavy and dense_forest of any part of America. After feet tribe ; whose country is along the east border of the Rocky spending some days at Fort George, which is but a small estab- Mountains, who rove about in war parties in quest of plunder. lishment, where a little business is done with the few remaining The Indians are not without their vices. Gambling is the most Indians, and the winter approaching, the invitation to spend that prominent, and is a ruling passion. It is much practised in season at Vancouver was accepted by Mr. Parker, and the return horse and foot races. They have some games of chance, played thither was accomplished by the 30th of October.
with sticks or bones. Drunkenness is no vice of these Indians. Here Mr. Parker had the opportunity of observing the character The expense of transporting ardent spirit happily keeps back its and condition of the Indians, from distant and different parts of introduction. the country; and of forming an opinion which course was best to Their moral disposition is very commendable. They are kind pursue. The settlement christianized, the concomitant expansive to strangers, and remarkably so to each other, and are of happy benevolence exerted and diffused, then this place would be a tempers. They manifest an uncommon desire to be instructed, centre from which divine light would shine out and illumine this that they may obey and fulfil all moral obligations. They are region of darkness. In the society of gentlemen, enlightened, scrupulously honest in all their dealings, and lying is scarcely polished, and sociable, the missionary is furnished with every known. Having no education, they are ignorant of all the convenience that he desires. This establishment was commenced sciences; but in hunting, war, and in their domestic concerns, in 1824. In 1835 they had 450 neat cattle, 100 horses, 200 sheep, they manifest observation, skill, and intellect. Their arithmetic 40 goats, and 300 hogs. In the same year they raised 506 is entirely mental. They count with different words up to ten, bushels of wheat, 1300 bushels of potatoes, 1000 of barley, 1000 then by tens to one hundred, and so on to a thousand by hunof oats, 2000 of peas, and a great variety of garden vegetables. dreds. They reckon their years by snows, their months by
moons, and their days by sleeps. They are fond of singing, and The Columbia is the only river of magnitude in the Oregon have flexible sweet-toned voices.
territory, and is navigable for ships only 130 miles to the cascades; The Indians of the lower country are those between the shores and it is the only one which affords a harbour for large ships on of the Pacific and the falls of the Columbia river, and from Paget's the coast from California to the 49th degree of North latitude. For Sound to Upper California. The principal nations are the Che- bateaux and light craft the Columbia and its branches are navigable nooks, the Klicatats, the Callapooahs, and the Umbaquâs, who a thousand miles. are divided into many tribes. Each nation has its principal Mr. Parker having explored the most important parts of the chief. They are rather below the middle stature, not so well territory, and gained all the information within his reach ; having formed as those of the upper country, and their women are ascertained the practicability of penetrating with safety any, and uncouth. They have less sensibility, physical and moral, and are every, portion of the vast interior, and the disposition of the as degraded as those on the frontier of the States, and from the natives in regard to his mission among them, he bethought him same causes. By their intercourse with those who furnish them of the most expeditious mode of returning. He availed himself with the means of intoxication, and who have introduced kindred of the offer of a passage in one of the Hudson's Bay Company's vices, they have become indolent and filthy in their habits. They ships, to proceed to Oahu in the Sandwich Islands, hoping that do not dress so well nor with as good taste as those of the upper a speedy opportunity would present to return to the United country. Their religious belief does not materially differ. Among States. This voyage, of 2500 miles, was performed in 16 days. their vices they carry gambling to perfection. After they have lost He was detained in the Sandwich Islands from July to December, everything they possess, they stake themselves : first a hand, then when engaging a passage for New London, he set sail, made land the other, an arm, and in the same manner, piece by piece, the on the 17th of May, and on the 23rd reached his home at Ithaca, whole body, and at last the head; and if they lose this, they go New York. into perpetual slavery. It is only in the lower country of the Mr. Parker is a determined and persevering friend of the Oregon territory, and along the coast, that slavery exists. Smoking Indians of this extensive territory, and while he strongly depre. is a universal indulgence amongst them. Although less anxious cates the parcelling out of their country by the British and than the upper, the lower Indians yet express a readiness to American governments, he earnestly recommends them to the receive instruction. Their wealth is estimated by the number of enlightened philanthropy of their more civilised fellow-men. The their wives, slaves, and canoes. Their manufactures are nearly future condition of this noble race-whether or not the Indians the same as those of the upper Indians, with the addition of hats are to pass away before the increasing power and numbers of white and baskets, of uncommonly good workmanship, made of grass men-is a question which now attracts attention, and invites equal to the Leghorn.
investigation. The government of the Indian nations is in the hands of chiefs, whose office is hereditary, or obtained by special merit. Their only power is influence, and this is in proportion to their benevo
WALPOLE'S REASONS FOR LIKING LONDON. lence, wisdom, and courage.
We are all familiar with the fact of Johnson's extreme par. March 1.- There are now indications of spring. The mildness of the climate, and the soft temperature of the season west of the tiality for London, and London life. But he was far from being mountains, render it one of the most delightful portions of the singular in this. The state of internal communication rendered American continent. The farming establishment of Fort Van.
access to the country difficult, and the want of rapid and varied couver has commenced the cultivation of their spring crops ; the intercourse rendered it extremely dull; so much so that, to a per. gardener is preparing his ground for the seeds. The robin and the son used to the comforts concentrated in the capital, the country blackbird resume their cheerful warblings in the fields and groves. was but another word for something dismal and horrid. This the During the winter the thermometer has not fallen below 22 degrees following extract from Walpole's Letters to Sir Horace Mann tes. of Fahrenheit, and to this point only for three days. At this date it tifies; and it also shows that the “west end” of London was just stood at sunrise 37 degrees ; noon 46 ; and at sunset 44.
In the course of the winter Mr. Parker's time was devoted to beginning to spread out, and instead of an almost endless accumu. the moral and religious improvement of the inhabitants at the lation of streets and squares, houses were only scattered here and Fort, and of the Indians in the vicinity, and in collecting informa- there : tion relative to the object of his tour.
“ Think what London would be, if the chief houses were in it, as in April 14.-The season being now favourable, he prepared for the cities in other countries, and not dispersed like great rarity-plums his return. Having exchanged farewells with his friends, for in a vast pudding of country. Well! it is a tolerable place as it is ! whose liberal and generous conduct towards him he records his Were I a physician, I would prescribe nothing but recipe cccLxv grateful acknowledgments, he took his passage in the canoe of an Îndian chief, and arrived at Walla-Walla, after a severe struggle drachm. Londin. Would you know why I like London so much?
Why, if the world must consist of so many fools as it does, I choose to against the winds and the currents of the river, but without acci- take them in the gross, and not made into separate pills, as they are dent. He stopped here a fortnight, improving the opportunity prepared in the country. Besides, there is no being alone but in a among the Indians, visiting the perpendicular walls, 300 feet high, metropolis. The worst place in the world to find solitude is the through which the Columbia descends, and such other of the country: questions grow there, and that unpleasant Christian comsingular formations with which this country abounds as the time modity neighbours. Oh! they are all good Samaritans, and do so pour would admit.
balms and nostrums upon one, if one has but the toothache, or a On the 9th of May he recommenced his journey, and pursued journey to take, that they break one's head. A journey to take_ay! the same course as he came last autumn. Having been several they talk over the miles to you, and tell you you will be late in. My months where the Indians of the lower country came daily under Lord Lovel says, John always goes two hours in the dark in the mornhis observation, the contrast between them and the natives of the ing to avoid being one hour in the dark in the evening! I was pressed upper country is very noticeable. The former are more servile
to set out to-day before seven: I did before nine : and here I am and abject, both in their manners and spirit; while the latter are
arrived at a quarter past five for the rest of the night! I am more truly dignified and respectable in their manners and general convinced every day that there is not only no knowledge of the world appearance, far less enslaved to their appetites, or to those vices
out of a great city, but no decency, no practical society—I had almost whose inevitable tendency is to degrade. They know enough to
said, not a virtue.--I will only instanco in modesty, which all old set some estimate upon character, and have much of the proud Englishmen are persuaded cannot exist within the atmosphere of independence of freemen; and are desirous of possessing a conse- Middlesex." quence in the estimation of other people, and for this reason, no doubt, wish to be taught, and they receive any instruction for their benefit with remarkable docility.
Mr. Parker visited Colvile, the highest post of the Hudson's Bay In the English Huswife the qualifications of a cook are thus Company on the Columbia, about 700 miles from the Pacific. described :He also had an excursion in the steamboat Beaver, from Vancouver “ First, she must be cleanly both in body and garments ; she must down the Columbia. The novelty of a steam-boat on the Co. have a quick eye, a curious nose, a perfect taste, and ready ear; she lumbia awakened a train of prospective reflections upon the must not be butter-fingered, sweet-toothed, nor faint-hearted; for the probable changes which would take place in these remote regions first will let every thing fall, the second will consume what it should in a very few years.
increase, and the last will lose time with too much niceness.”
DEFINITION OF A COOK.
“Oh, you for whom I write! whose hearts can melt MRS. TIGHE.
At the soft thrilling voice, whose power you provo This amiable and highly gifted lady was not known to the
You know what charm unutterably felt Forld luring her lifetime, but her poetic character was established by
Attends the unexpected voice of Love :
Above the lyre, the lute's soft notes above, the posthumous publication of her beautiful poem of “Psyche ;''
With sweet enchantment to the soul it steals, a poen which displays the exquisite delicacy of thought, purity And bears it to Elysium's happy grove ; of spirit and grace of expression, so essentially those of a woman,- You best can tell the rapture Psyche feels a noble-minded and a loving woman. The nature of the subject When Love's ambrosial lip the vows of Hymen seals." chosen by Mrs. Tighe may to some appear questionable ; to such she has herself, in a preface to a private impression circulated
The poem opens with a description of Psyche in her solitary
wanderings : among her friends before her death, given an admirable exposition of her ideas.
“ Much wearied with her long and dreary way, " In making choice," she says, “ of the beautiful ancient alle
And now with toil and sorrow well-nigh spent,
Of sad regret and wasting grief the prey, gory of Love and the Soul,' I had some fears lest my subject might
Fair Psyche through untrodden forests went, be condemned by the frown of severe moralists ; however, I hope
To lone shades uttering oft a vain lament; that if such have the condescension to read through a poem, which And oft in hopeless silence sighing deep, they may perhaps think too long, they will yet do me the justice As she her fatal error did repent, to allow, that I have only pictured innocent love, such love as
While dear remembrance bade her ever weep, the purest bosom might confess. • Les jeunes femmes, qui ne
And her pale cheek in ceaseless showers of sorrow steep. veulent point paraitre coquettes, ne doivent jamais parler de 'Mid the thick covert of that woodland shade, l'amour comme d'une chose où elles puissent avoir part,'* says La A flowery bank there lay undressed by art, Rochefoucault ; but I believe it is only the false refinement of the But of the mossy turf spontaneous made ; most profligate court which could give birth to such a sentiment,
Here the young branches shot their arms athwart,
And wove the bower so thick in every part, and that love will always be found to have had the strongest influ.
That the fierce beams of Phæbus glancing strong ence where the morals have been the purest."
Could never through the leaves their fury dart ; The melancholy hours of a long protracted illness were soothed But the sweet creeping shrubs that round it throng, by the composition of the poem, in which the trials of faithful love Their loving fragrance mix and trail their flowers along. are portrayed in an allegory, founded on the old fable of Cupid And close beside a little fountain played, and Psyche, as told by Apuleius. A strictly critical eye will dis- Which through the trembling leaves all joyous shone, cover some want of skill in the adaptation, and taste may be
And with the cheerful birds sweet music made, offended by the sudden change from classic to gothic imagery;
Kissing the surface of each polished stone bat such is the charm of the fine nature which breathes a pure life
As it flowed past : sure as her favourite throne throughout the poem, that these faults, and occasional weakness
Tranquillity might well esteem the bower,
The fresh and cool retreat have called her own, of expression, arising chiefly from the difficulty of fully mastering
A pleasant shelter in the sultry hour, Spenserian verse, are forgotten ; and in contemplation of the love- A refuge from the blast and angry tempest's power. liness of Psyche, we see no imperfection in the verse which celebrates her toils :
Wooed by the soothing silence of the scene,
Here Psyche stood."'“For she was timid as the wintry flower, That, whiter than the snow it blooms among,
Leaving the weary Psyche to repose on the bank, the poet Droops its fair head submissive to the power
relates her story up to the time at which she is introduced to us, Of every angry blast that sweeps along,
adhering pretty closely to the fable of Apuleius. We are told how Sparing the lovely trembler, while the strong
the surpassing beauty of the royal virgin raised the jealousy of the Majestic tenants of the leafless wood
Queen of Love, who found her fanes deserted, and the homage It levels low."
due to her transferred to Psyche. She calls her son, and bids him Allegorical writing has not found much favour in recent times, to revenge her : and there is reason for the discouragement it has met with. It is
“ Deep let her drink of that dark bitter spring, difficult, and to judge from the examples hitherto presented to us
Which flows so near thy bright and crystal tide, by the very best writers, almost impossible, fully to embody the Deep let her heart thy sharpest arrow sting, author's conceptions when this style is adopted. Inconsistencies, Its tempered barb, in that black poison dyed.” nay even absurdities, will force themselves in, and mar the har. mony of the fable; and when the great master on whose model
Cupid obeys, and bearing the waters of Sorrow, he flies to the Mrs. Tighe moulded her tale,—when Spenser himself has so often
couch where Psyche lay sleeping : failed, it is not surprising that his follower has sometimes stum- " A placid smile plays o'er each roseate lip, bled. But " with all its faults,” Psyche is so exquisite an illus- Sweet severed lips! while thus your pearls disclose, tration of the purest and most enchanting feeling which it is
That slumbering thus unconscious she may sip permitted to man to experience,-a feeling too often debased,
The cruel presage of her future woes! too often despised,- too often doubted and misunderstood ; a
Lightly as fall the dews upon the rose, feeling whose very existence many “ of the earth, earthy,” affect
Upon the coral gates of that sweet cell
The fatal drops he pours; nor yet he knows, to deny; but whose influence, when rightly felt, gives us a glimpse Nor, though a god, can he presaging tell of heaven,-a glimmering view through the half open gates of How he himself shall mourn the ills of that sad spell ! paradise,—that we would fain recall this exquisite poem from the oblivion into which we fear it has fallen, and would recommend it
Nor yet content, he from his quiver drew,
Sharpened with skill divine, a shining dart : to every woman, as affording through a charming, a delightful No need had he for bow, since thus too true medium, the moral lessons best calculated to ensure her happiress His hand might wound her all exposed heart; in that state in which alone her nature can be perfected,—in a
Yet her fair side he touched with gentlest art, happy marriage.
And half relenting on her beauties gazed ;
Just then awaking with a sudden start, * "No young woman, who does not wish to be accounted a coquette, should Her opening eye in humid lustre blazed, ever speak of love as what she can possibly be interested in."
Unseen he still remained, enchanted and amazed.
The dart which in his hand now trembling stood,
She hangs enamoured o’er the deity.
Till from her trembling hand extinguished falls
The fatal lamp–He starts-and suddenly
Tremendous thunders echo through the halls,
While ruin's hideous crash bursts o'er the affrighted Falls."
Cupid can no longer shield her from the vengeance of Venus,
and she is condemned to wander exiled from him, till she has Then stretched his plumes divine, and breathed celestial air.” reached the bowers of perfect happiness, and reared there an altar Psyche, who has been troubled with “ a dream of mingled terror
to the offended goddess, and on the altar placed an urn“ filled and delight,” reveals her cares to her mother; the oracle is con
from immortal Beauty's sacred spring.” In the midst of her toilsulted, and it is decreed that “on nuptial couch, in nuptial vest
some wanderings, the poem opens. Cupid, disguised as a knight, arrayed,” Psyche should be placed upon the summit of a rock, his celestial features concealed by his helmet, now comes to her
assistance; and under his guardianship she escapes the snares from whence she should be borne by a winged monster of no earthly race.” The oracle is obeyed, but no monster appears, successively spread for her by the passions and follies which beset
mankind. At length, all dangers being triumphantly overcome and the Zephyrs waft Psyche to the Island of Pleasure :
by the aid of Love and his attendant Constancy, she reaches the " When lo! a voice divinely sweet she hears,
bowers of Happiness, and gains the urn of Beauty.
“ Scarce on the altar had she placed the urn,
When lo! in whispers to the ravished ear
Speaks the soft voice of Love! “ Turn Psyche, turn !
And see at last, released from every fear,
Thy spouse, thy faithful knight, thy lover here !
From his celestial brow the helmet fell,
In joy's full glow, unveiled his charms appear,
Beaming delight and love unspeakable, Thus the day passes over the wondering Psyche's head; all her While in one rapturous glance their mingling souls they tell. wants ministered to by unseen hands. At eve“ a downy couch
“ Two tapers thus, with pure converging rays, arose," and the “hymeneal strain” is sung by heavenly voices :
In momentary flash their beams unite, “ The expiring lamps emit a feeble ray,
Shedding but one inseparable blaze
Of blended radiance and effulgence bright,
Self lost in mutual intermingling light;
Thus in her lover's circling arms embraced,
The fainting Psyche's soul by sudden flight,
With his its subtlest essence interlaced ! He speaks, she recognises the voice of the beloved :
Oh ! bliss too vast for thought! by words how poorly traced !" " " 'Tis he, 'tis my deliverer! deep imprest
Such is the plan of this elegant poem, and the extracts we have Upon my heart those sounds I well recall,'
made will enable the reader to form some idea of the grace and The blushing maid exclaimed; and on his breast
tenderness of its execution. The volume contains several minor A tear of trembling ecstacy let fall. But, ere the breezes of the morning call
poems, all bearing traces of the delicate taste which dictated Aurora from her purple, humid bed,
“Pysche.” We would willingly quote several of these, but must rest Psyche in vain explores the vacant hall,
content with one, which is all our limits will enable us to insert. Her tender lover from her arms is fled,
A melancholy interest is attached to it ;-it was the last work of the While Sleep his downy wings had o'er her eye-lids spread.” author. But “inevitable fate pursues her to the bowers of happiness," and discontent takes possession of her soul; she is troubled by the ON RECEIVING A BRANCH OF MEZEREON, WHICH FLOWERED concealment of her lover, and she longs once more to behold her
AT WOODSTOCK, Dec. 1809. mother's face. Forcing, at length, from Love an unwilling consent,
“ Odours of Spring, my sense ye charm the Zephyrs bear her back to her father's hall. Her envious sisters
With fragrance premature; plot her ruin, and persuading her that her lover is a foul magi
And, 'mid these days of dark alarm, cian, forced to conceal his frightful form in darkness, place a
Almost to hope allure :
Methinks with purpose soft ye come dagger and a magic ring in her yet uncertain hands, and urge her
To tell of brighter hours, to unveil the mystery, and strike the monster dead. She complies,
Of May's blue skies, abundant bloom, and returning to her isle on the gentle wings of the soft-breathing
Her sunny gales and showers.
" Alas! for me sball May in vain
The powers of life restore ; " Allowed to settle on celestial eyes,
These eyes that weep and watch in pain
Shall see her charms no more.
No, no, this anguish cannot last! Psyche arises, and brings forth the light:
Beloved friends, adieu ! “ Ah! well I ween that if with pencil true,
The bitterness of death were past,
Could I resign but you.
“ But oh I in every mortal pang
That rends my soul from life, When Love's all potent charms divinely stood confessed."
That soul which seems on you to hang
Through each convulsive strife “ Speechless with awe, in transport strangely lost,
Even now, with agonising grasp.'
Of terror and regret,
To all in life its love would clasp
Clings close and closer yet.