Imagens das páginas

the tail of a comet ; this is attributed to the motion or that body

BALTHAZAR COZZA. during the period necessary to complete the figure. The more intense the light, the greater the rapidity of the operation; and

TAE condition of Europe in the latter part of the 14th century an image obtained by the comparatively feeble light of the moon

was lamentable, and the nations resounded from end to end with requires a much longer period to perfect it than one effected by of "- free companions," men of war from their youth upwards, who,

wars and rumours of wars. The countries were harassed by bands the light of day.

On the 7th ult., M. Arago made a verbal report on this dis- when not in the service of any sovereign, did not hold themselves covery to the Academy of Sciences at Paris, to the published pillage of a town was held an honourable achievement

, and who

disgraced by warring upon their own account ; by whom the accounts of which we are indebted for our information on this acknowledged no lord but their own chief, no law but their sword. very interesting subject. It appears that the attempt to fix the Such was the celebrated Geoffry Tête-Noire in France; such, save representations of the camera is not new. Sir Humphrey Davy, that he carried on his depredations by sea, instead of on shore, was and other scientific men, made, some years ago, many experiments the hero of our tale. with this object in view; they even operated with some success Born of a noble, but impoverished family, Balthazar Cozza early on nilrate of silver, which was found to be the substance most sought to restore its fortunes by maritime adventure. His talents sensibly affected by light, but they could not succeed in perma. seemed particularly fitted for command; and but a short time from nently fixing the impression. M. Daguerre acknowledges that his first setting his foot on board a galley, Balthazar was acknowthe first idea of his process was given to him fifteen years ago by ledged as a leader. He was daring and successful, and was feared ; M. Nieps, of Chalons-sur-Saône, but in so imperfect a state, that he grew rich, and he was respected.

Such was the man who was chosen by the Anjevine party to it has cost him long and persevering labour to bring it to its proceed on an embassy to Louis of Anjou, king of Sicily, to present comparative perfection.

beseech him to hasten to the rescue of his kingdom. Balthazar All the uses to which the Daguerotype may be applied, in the lost no time in preparing his galleys, adorning them with every furtherance of art and science, can scarcely yet be ascertained, ornament, and supplying them with every luxury fitted to support but several are already obvious. Many interesting experiments and grace the dignity of his office. His mainsail was of purple, on the nature and properties of light have already been made, and embroidered with the arms of Naples,' beneath which was and some unexpected results obtained. Its use to the traveller placed the scutcheon of the Cozzas. A few days saw his two gallant who desires to procure faithful pictures of the works of art or

vessels proudly approach the shores of Provence, giving notice nature is evident ; and it will prove especially serviceable to him from afar of their coming, by the glitter of their purple sails,

the fluttering of their gala banners, and the dash of their hundred in the countries of the tropics, where it is to be expected that

oars, falling in regular cadence with the chant of the mariners. one or two minutes will suffice to produce the result, for which His mission was successful. Louis, without loss of time, made eight or ten minutes are required at Paris.

ready an armament to carry succour to his partisans. To the artist it will prove the most useful auxiliary in the study This voyage was an epoch in the life of Cozza. He had hitherto of chiaro oscuro.

The beautiful manner in which the surface of lived almost without an aim. He had warred and taken spoil ; he different objects is distinguished, will probably lead to great had enjoyed riches, the fruit of his labours ; but where was this improvements in art. The representations of the same statue in erratic life to lead ? Was there no nobler ambition than the thirst marble and plaster of Paris are recognised instantly, although the for gold? He now became familiar with the courts of kings, he light and shade on each are precisely the same.

saw the splendour of the Sovereign Pontiff, and his breast was The objects represented by the solar microscope are indelibly been the same with the adventurous corsair, and the ambitious

filled with the thirst of power. To will and to do had hitherto ised by this instrument, affording the student of natural history

man cast his eyes around him to discover by what path he might an opportunity of examining at his leisure, objects hitherto beheld best achieve his object. To subdue an island of the seas, and but for a few minutes at a time. Every day some fresh advan- reign a monarch there, might be an easy task, but such a state tage gained by this astonishing invention, will be made manifest : could not sustain itself against more powerful neighbours, and to it is yet in its infancy, but we shall watch its progress, and at any other throne his way was barred ; royal blood alone might some future day we hope to lay before our readers further details aspire to any regal throne in Europe. But there was another of the results produced by its agency.

throne more powerful than that of the kings of earth, to which the road was open. Why should he not aspire to the Papal

Chair? The times were favourable for the attempt; the Church TRANSLATION OF AN EXTEMPORE ARAB SONG.

was rent by schisın, and already two Popes divided the patrimony On, she was beauty's self, and shone in matchless symmetry. of St. Peter; and if two, why should there not be three ? ay, a When shall I hear news of her ? how support her absence and her third, who might give laws to his opponents ? Clement, who had

been raised up to oppose the violence of Urban, was now but loss? My hopes are but as the fantastic dreams of night : yet thirty-six years of age. He owed his elevation to his talents ; why with this hopelessness my love does but increase, even as a star

should Cozza fear success ? shines the brightest in the blackest night. Oh! Mabrookah! thy Before Louis of Anjou quitted Provence, Clement VII. bead sinks too with sorrow at losing him whose thoughts are still bestowed his benediction on the galley which was to transport of thee—but as the desert bird drops and smooths its wing, but to the king of Sicily to Naples, and Balthazar assisted at the ceredisplay the richness of its plumage, so will thy silent grief but mony. How profound was the reverence of king, court, and cause thee to appear with increased charms ! Vain and cruel delu. people! how low they bowed beneath the outstretched finger of sion! At the moment of the possession of earthly happiness to

the pontiff, as he blessed them ! how all were humbled before his doom us to melancholy despair, was as if the traveller should draw eye! Balthazar from that moment was resolved; and from that to the brink of the well, and then see the wished-for draught moment all his energies were directed to the attainment of that

triple crown, which he was determined should be his. soatched from his thirsty lips.

And yet he knew there was one tender and devoted heart which What she looks upon becomes graceful, enchanted by her loveli- would be broken by this resolve ; a heart to which all ambitious Dess. Oh! she is beauty's self—my polar star of life.-Appendix thoughts were strangers ; which knew but one delight-to love ; to Denham and Clappertor's Travels.

one glory-to be loved. Can Balthazar break that tie which now

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“ Listen, Clotilda ; I shall soon be twenty-five years old, and I had lasted almost a whole year? His resolution was irrevocable,

am but an adventurer. This life without splendour, grandeur, or and he would not have hesitated to sacrifice a mere woman, even had she been his wedded wife. But no divorce was necessary to excitement, wearies me, and makes me miserable. Riches, and

even thy love, no longer suffice for me. I need power and a great restore his liberty ; Clotilda was not his wife, she was but his

part in the world. The schism which prevails in the west offers mistress-his slave. During one of his cruises in the Grecian Archipelago, he dis

ine an opportunity of achieving my desire. I aspire to the throne embarked at Cerigo under pretext of commerce, and whilst

there, of St. Peter ; that throne is still far above me, and I am not yet upon he beheld a young girl, fair and beautiful as the goddess whose its lowest step ; but when once I have placed my foot there, I shall votaries, in ancient days, erected her fane in that voluptuous isle. mount rapidiy. To any one of those vain and debauched women He was young, handsome, and violent; he gained her love, and whom we see around us, I might say, "To-morrow I enter into bore Clotilde far away from a tender mother, and a betrothed the church, and you shall be my mistress,' and all would answer, bridegroom.

“Be you priest, doctor, bishop, cardinal, or Pope, I will be your mis. The poor Greek arrived at Naples, where she outshone, in her tress. But you, Clotilda, I know well; I love you very truly ; I native grace and elegant attire, both the first among the Neapolitan honour too much your greatness of soul

, the nobility and chastity ladies, and those Spanish dames who had come from Sicily, of your heart, to hold such language. Your lot is io lament and wbither they had followed the House of Arragon.

Clotilda to quit me. Take one of my ships, load it with every thing of became celebrated; there was no woman who did not envy her; value belonging to you, and return to Cerigo. You are free!


Clotilda had fallen back upon her couch of cushions ; she wept none who believed that she herself was so deeply beloved. had sacrificed all to the valiant pirate-all !-her mother, and her

no more; she kept silence for a moment, and then, in a tone of

voice in which sweetness was blended with and yet overcame country; she had forgotten all in the indulgence of one over

pride, she replied : powering delight, the love of Balthazar.

“ You are the lord, and I your slave submit; I will obey you. Could Cozza quit her? he who had, before her eyes, stabbed the friend of his boyhood, on the bare suspicion that he ventured I deserve this cruel punishment from Heaven for the weakness to love her? He could. He went straight to Clotilda, without with which I have loved you, when I ought rather to have killed suffering the least trace of the emotions which had agitated him, myself than to have fied with you. No, I shall not curse you, but over which he had triumphed, to appear in his countenance.

but I shall weep for you, for you will be even more miserable than He would not debase himself by dissembling.

I; I shall pray to God for you, and however unlikely it may seem “ Clotilda," said he, “ I come to request a great sacrifice."

that a prelate, a prince of the church, or a pontiff, should stand A sacrifice, Balthazar! Am I not altogether yours? Have in need of the aid of a poor woman, yet I shall be always with you you not a right to command me? Must I renounce this splendid when my assistance is wanting. I shall accept the gifts with life, which is but ill fitted for the poor daughter of the gardener which your tenderness has loaded me, but I shall not carry them of Cerigo ? Do you need the numberless jewels which your love,

to Cerigo,-for I can never return to that island, where shame more inventive than woman's fancy, has bestowed on me? Take would overwhelm me as I stepped upon the shore. As for you, these necklaces of zechins and bezants with which you have en- take care lest your fuot slip upon the dangerous steps which lead circled my throat ; these bracelets whose value equals the revenue

to the thrones of the popes of Rome and Avignon." of a province, and whose sparkling brilliants would be worthy Clotilda threw herself upon her knees before Balthazar, and ornaments even in the crown of Clement."

carried his hand to her lips and then to her forehead, in token of “The crown of Clement! Do you know, Clotilda, what word respect; then rising, she saluted him coldly: you have spoken?"

“Adieu,” she said ; " you will not see me again, until misforA very simple word. If I knew, Balthazar, anything more

tune comes upon you.” sacred or more beautiful than that crown, I would have named it, Balthazar hesitated, and made one step towards her to take her to show you at what rate I prize the presents you have heaped hand, which she drew back with dignity. His resolution, shaken

for a moment, was restored, and he departed. “ You are right, Clotilda ; that crown, that triple crown, is

II. CARDINAL. splendid."

Two days after Balthazar had taken leave of Clotilda, he "Doubtless, Balthazar ; but what connexion can there be mounted on horseback in the court of his palazzo, and departed between it and the sacrifice you expect from your slave?"

for Bologna, attended by an old domestic. “ Clotilda, we must part.”

Before he left the house where he had passed so many happy “ We must part ! ” cried Clotilda, rising with precipitation and hours, whilst get the fever of ambition was but a vague desire, the seizing the hand of Balthazar Cozza, who with a troubled counte. future prince of the church longed for one last look upon the nance could scarcely look upon his slave. “We must part ! Oh woman whose reproaches, when he sacrificed her to his selfish never! You cannot wish it. You have some journey to perform, feelings, had been so gentle. He drew near the balcony, where and you will leave me at Naples; then you will return to me?" Clotilda had been accustomed to appear whenever he went forth

“ A journey! Yes. I go to Bologna, but I shall not return." on a hunting party, or to the court ceremonies which had often

“ Is it indeed so? You leave me for ever, Balthazar, for ever? taken place during the last month, since Louis II. of Sicily had The example of kings has corrupted you. You should not taken possession of the throne. He forced his horse to caracole, imitate the conduct of men whom you despise. Ladislas repu- and bade his servant sound the trumpet in token of adieu. All diated Constance of Clermont to make room for another; and his servants were there, he was encircled by his friends, loud cries you,

the servant of Louis of Anjou, drive me away, to avoid were uttered, a thousand good wishes were expressed, but no one owning me as your wife. Alas! you should rather imitate the appeared in the balcony. The thick curtain of tapestry was not king of Sicily and Naples in his tenderness for Yoland of Arragon, raised. Cozza would have bartered all the warm wishes which than the ungrateful and perfidious Ladislas."

were lost in the air around him, for one last look of Clotilda. “No more of this useless passion, and unnecessary reproach. She, shut up in her oratory, wept and prayed. It was in vain We must separate; I liave said it, and you well know no power that Balthazar sought her behind the blinds, where love, stronger

Speak no more of the example of Ladislas. than reason, might perhaps have led her. He was obliged to There is no resemblance between the cases ; Constance was his depart without seeing her, without bearing her blessing with wife,-you are not mine, Clotilda."

him. “ Barbarian, why did you not kill me when you forced me from Clotilda had foretold misfortune, and he could not shake off a my mother at Cerigo ?”

certain apprehension when he recalled the words she had spoken

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upon me."

can move me.

in a sadly prophetic tone, announcing the cruel disgraces in store Balthazar, here ceased, and the same subject was not renewed. for him. Was it only deceived love, which had dictated those After some days' journey, during which Balthazar studiously avoided menaces to the unhappy Greek ? or was Clotilda really acquainted pronouncing the name of Clotilda, although his thoughts often with the destiny she predicted to her lover, by one of those wandered towards the woman whom he had so cruelly abandoned, mysterious revelations which are sometimes permitted by Heaven? our two travellers arrived at Bologna. There Balthazar seriously

To escape these thoughts, and these disturbing doubts, Bal- applied himself to study. He had intelligence, determination, thazar put his horse to his speed, and in a few minutes had reputation, fortune ; the art to seduce and to persuade. Before cleared the environs of Naples. He then breathed more at ease, two years had expired he took the degree of doctor in both civil and slackening his pace, he waited until his servant, who was and canon law, and already he saw himself drawing nearer to the mounted on a mule, came up.

papal throne. As he was setting out for Rome, some of his The man who accompanied Balthazar was an old adventurer, friends inquired whither he was going. * To the pontificate," whom Cozza had attached to himself from the first day he set foot was his reply. on board a galley. He was devoted to his master, whom he served This was his constant aim, in which he was determined to with a blind obedience, which permitted no remark which could succeed. Balthazar was as wily as he was courageous; he preimply a doubt of his zeal; for once he was discontented, and had sented himself before Boniface IX., also a Neapolitan, and with already suffered his displeasure to appear so plainly as not to be whose family he was acquainted; this induced him to embrace misunderstood by Cozza. When he came up to his master, who the party of Boniface rather than that of Clement. He was soon was waiting for him at the top of a hill from whence he could admitted into the intimacy of his sovereign, who in reward of his command a view of the beautiful bay of Naples, he exclaimed, devotion decorated him with the purple. " At what a rate you ride, my noble lord ! they will say you are In secret and in silence Clotilda had followed the footsteps of running away."

Balthazar. She had watched over him at Bologna, and now "I shall ride more gently now, Gennaro; but I felt obliged to watched over him at Rome, ever ready to give that aid her forequit Naples quickly, lest love should have detained me."

bodings told her would one day be required. “Well, was that so great an evil ?”

On the day on which Balthazar received his investiture, the " Love leads to nothing; the road to Bologna leads to honour, crowd which pressed around the gates of his holiness, awaiting the to glory."

benediction of the new cardinal, opened a passage to a female, " Honour! glory! glory, my lord, at Bologna ? I cannot under-clothed in a foreign garb, and covered with a long veil, who knelt stand it. Has the sea reached Bologna during the thirty years I devoutly, received the benediction, and as she rose exclaimedhave been absent ?"

“Your misfortunes have begun, Balthazar! God protect you." Know that I quit the world for a few short years. I shall

Two persons only recognised that prophetic voice, which inter, then return, a reverend and learned doctor, and I hope —-"

rupted the pious silence of the bystanders with such ill-omened "Oh the devil! it is the church which tempts you—perhaps words. Balthazar calmly repressed the eager zeal of Gennaro, you hope to become a cardinal ?”

who was bastening to seize the offender; he himself assisted "And why not a cardinal, Gennaro ? was not the Candiote Clotilda to rise, and as he did so whispered, Philargus, the poor beggar who was succoured by a friar-minor,

• My guardian angel is very imprudent; does she not know afterwards the preceptor to the son of Galeas Visconti ? Is he not

that there are convents and dungeons in Rome?". now a cardinal?'

Then in a paternal voice he added : 'Yes; but a corsair

“Go, my child, I thank you. If God calls us to martyrdom, "A corsair like myself is as worthy as the soldier whom Gre

we will bless his decrees. His will be done." gory has invested with the purple, and whom we have seen appear

III. Pope. successively as a canonical doctor, captain, and lastly a professor The new cardinal, deacon of Saint Eustatia, was sent by Boni. at Montpellier."

face, in quality of a legate, to Bologna. This town had striven to "I have nothing to say against it; but for my own part, I throw off the papal authority, but Cozza, by the energy with which would much rather make the sea tremble beneath my galleys; he combated the anti-Roman faction, restored it to obedience ; what do I say! I would rather sail in peace, on board the heaviest- and during the nine years in which he exercised the sovereignty laden merchant-man, than sit in the councils of a pope. You under Boniface, and his successors Innocent VII. and Gregory must admit that, in the midst of the diabolical schisms which XII., he maintained order. distract the church, the position of a cardinal is very little to be The schism still continued in all its violence. Gregory and envied ?"

Benedict XIII., each nominated by their respective parties, both "So much the better ; this perpetual inquietude, this war of refused to lay down the pontifical power, and to restore union by stratagems and intrigues, this violent agitation, are what make the a joint election by the colleges of cardinals, at Rome and Avignon. life of a cardinal so desirable in my eyes.”

The interference of kings was of no avail, and recourse was at “Yes, but still many ugly events have occurred. I was at last bad to a council. Genoa not many years ago, when Urban VI., the late Pope, On the 20th June, 1409, the fathers assembled at Pisa, elected returning from Nocera, where he had taken refuge, seized the Peter of Candia, the same beggar whom Galeas Visconti had bishops and cardinals and put them to the torture, and only made bishop of Milan, and Pope Innocent VII. a cardinal. because they wished to desert a man whose cruelty and violence Peter of Candia, who assumed the name of Alexander V., did had caused him to be deposed by the whole college. Five of not reign long; his pontificate lasted only ten months and eight these red hats were put to death for complaining of such treat- days. Balthazar Cozza, who governed Alexander, kept him at ment. And on the other hand, is it likely to go well with these Bologna ; he never quitted him, dictated all his acts, and in fact popes themselves? the christian kings will desert them, and exercised all the power of the popedom, which he hoped soon to then-"

possess in his own person. • The pope will still remain, is it not so ? well, the object is to Alexander had hardly closed his eyes before the cardinal of be that pope"

Saint Eustatia began to take his measures. He was desirous of " And you would be he, noble lord ? It may be so. And why being elected, and perhaps the moment was a favourable one, not:” added Gennaro, ironically: “ Saint Peter was a sailor too, and since all the Roman cardinals were at Bologna, and he was if a mere fisherman could become head of the church, why should governor of the city in which the conclave was about to be held. not a corsair follow his example ?"

The opposition which he foresaw, was not easily to be overThe conversation, the tone of which began to be displeasing to With some electors he employed flattery, with others

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persuasion, with others money and promises. But this was not Ladislas soon got the better of him, and the pope was forced to all. There were still many obstinate ones to be subdued, and acknowledge him as king of Naples. Rome soon accepted peace. this he effected by fear. He surrounded the city, and hemmed in The deceived pontiff withdrew his troops, but in the night, Ladislas the house in which the conclave sat, with troops. Like the true occupied the pontifical city with his own army. The danger was corsair, which he yet was at heart, he would have caused one or imminent, and the pope was unsuspicious of it! Can he sleep on two cardinals whose influence was adverse to him to be arrested, the brink of a volcano Gennaro entered his chamber and awakened if he had not been able to win them over, or conquer them by him. A page bad arrived at nightfall, who demanded to speak with fear. Probably old Gennaro had received secret instructions on the pontiff ; the guard had repulsed him; he wrote a letter to Balthis head, but it was unnecessary to put the expedient in practice. thazar and transmitted it to Gennaro. Gennaro did not mistake Much time was wasted in fruitless scrutinies. At length Balthazar Clotilda in her disguise. Sl:e announced that that very night he prevailed upon his wearied colleagues to permit him to nominate would be seized, and in all probability put to death.

“ Fly, Bal. the pope, they agreeing to ratify his choice.

thazar ; thy guardian-angel watches over thee: but fly this Whom will you name ?" demanded one of the cardinals, hostile instant." to the deacon of St. Eustatia.

They saddled two horses. Balthazar assumed the costume of a “ You shall see. Bring me the cope of St. Peter."

merchant; Gennaro also disguised himself, and they set off on It was brought. He descended from his seat, opened the sacred the gallop in the direction of Florence. What a journey! Where mantle, and having kissed it, stepped towards an old man who sat are now the illusions of the young Cozza, when he first travelled opposite to him as if to offer it to him ; then suddenly throwing to Bologna ? the robe over his own head, he exclaimed “Sono Papa," I am pope ! Cosmo de Medici received John with distinction; he loved him, And none dared to protest against it.

and the friendship of Cosmo was sufficient to repel the accusations Balthazar took the name of John XXIII. His first care was heaped upon Balthazar. John had recourse to Sigismond, the to provide for his coronation, all the particulars of which have emperor of Germany; the latter proposed a council, to be holden been recorded by Monstrelet. Upon a scaffold which had been at Constance: the pope was so imprudent as to accede to this erected at an immense expense before the church of St. Peter, at proposition, and to venture into a city where Sigismond commanded. Bologna, John XXIII. was crowned, seated in a throne of gold He was well assured of the friendship of the Duke of Austria, and velvet.

having made him general of the pontifical forces, but he was neverBalthazar at length possessed the tiara he had so ardently de- theless at the mercy of Sigismond. sired! He was at the summit of good fortune ; Gennaro saw him The council met. It is not necessary here to describe the little smile. He narrowly watched his master, whilst his countenance town of Constance, towards which a crowd of cardinals, and heads expressed his doubt of the solidity of the grandeur he beheld. He of religious orders, who came to reform the church, journeyed with seemed to say, “Oh, Pope ! this is but the bubble on the wave'; an almost royal magnificence, accompanied by legions of cooks,

mockery of the church, a singular caprice of Heaven." Cozza, and their trains of comedians and mistresses. We need only octhroughout the long ceremony, often cast his eyes around the cupy ourselves with Pope Jolin. In 1415, no thought was entercrowd. He evidently sought some person. Whom? Gennaro tained of dispossessing him; he was still regarded as the true head

When his rapid and searching glance had assured of the church ; since, at the solicitation of the ambassadors of Swit him that in all that large square, amongst all the noble ladies of zerland, Denmark, and Norway, he made a saint,- he canonized Bologna, she whom he sought was not to be found, Balthazar, as Bridget. if delivered from a painful night-marc, regained his serenity; he Nevertheless, a secret conspiracy was hatching against John could give himself up to the undisturbed enjoyment of his triumph. XXIII., in the midst of the feasts, tourneys, and Latin mysteries, The signal of departure was soon after given ; the pope then which were performed before the fathers of the council. Clotilda mounted a white palfrey, covered with caparisons of purple. After had come to Constance ; everything was known to her; she warned him came the patriarchs, cardinals, prelates, abbots, on horses, the pope, who, disguised in the livery of the duke of Austria and whose long white housings swept the ground. The cavalcade began accoutred as a postilion, fled from Constance to Schaffhausen. to move, John bestowing continual benedictions, as the sick, the This place was not a more secure asylum ; he next took refuge at old, and new-born infants, passed before his horse, which was led Lauffembourg, and at last at Fribourg, pursued all the time by the by the faithful Gennaro, the chief of his Holiness's attendants. soldiers of the empire.

At the turn of a street through which the sacred procession The duke of Austria was at last obliged to give up Pope John, passed, several lunatics were brought to the pontiff, who, extending against whom proceedings had been prosecuted during his absence. his hands over them, pronounced a touching prayer to the Virgin. Balthazar returned to Constance, and found his sentence proWhen he turned his looks, which had been raised to heaven during nounced. They declared him guilty of forty crimes, among which his prayer, again towards the ground, he saw a woman standing figure simony, that ulcer of papacy, as it is eloquently denounced at his horse's head, pale, worn with grief, but still beautiful, who, by Genadius of Constantinople in a letter, celebrated even in the with a terrible calmness, more dreadful than passion, thus ad- present day. They reproached the pope with the scandal of his dressed him :

manners, whilst they, his judges, carried their mistresses along “I also, Balthazar, pray for the insane ; may God hear me with with them on their journeys, in their litters. They finally declared favour, and save thee ! Soon, soon, thou wilt have need of me !" that he had forfeited the papal throne; and he was degraded, like

John XXIII. was deeply agitated, but, skilled in dissimulation, Benedict XIII, and Gregory XII. But Gregory and Benedict he concealed the shock he felt. He gravely gave her his blessing, were free; John was a prisoner. and then turning towards the Cardinal de Viviers, he said, “ How John was shut up at Heidelberg, under the guard of the Count unhappy it is, that madness should afflict so noble and beautiful Palatine. One man alone desired to share his captivity ; it was a creature!"

neither a cardinal, nor a secretary loaded with benefits ; it was old Gennaro, overhearing these words, looked round at the pope, Gennaro, who never once reproached him with his fatal ambition. who could see the tears standing in the eyes of the old corsair; The council created a new pope, and received the renunciation and shaking his head, he seemed to say, “Your holiness well of Gregory XII. who died soon after at the age of ninety-two years. knows Clotilda is not mad."

Benedict XIII. followed this example ; and John,—the fierce pirate John XXIII. pursued his official progress through Bologna. who had never lowered his flag before an enemy, who had never

From this period the predictions of Clotilda began to be accom- bowed his head beneath the yoke of a conqueror, - John, humbly plished. Rome was threatened by Ladislas. John XXIJI. repaired ratified the decrees of the council. thither in all haste. At first he obtained some advantages, but How, it will be asked, did Balthazar Cozza pass the four years

could guess.


in the castle of the palatine? He was forty-seven years old, with an

HYMN TO THE SETTING SUN. imagination still ardent; he was disenchanted from those wild ideas of ambition, which had been his ruin : did his heart re-open to love ; did his thoughts return to Clotilda ? No! A philosopher

Slow, slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, and a christian, he occupied himself in the composition of touch

Thy course of beneficence done ; ing elegies, in Latin verse of great elegance, in which he sang of As glorious go down to the ocean's warm breast, his eclipsed grandeur. He was resigned, but did not wearily pine

As when thy bright race was begun, for past hours of happiness, which he only regretted as a poet.

For all thou hast done, He still sighed after liberty, and that liberty the Emperor was

Since thy rising, O sun ! willing to accord, for a ranson of thirty thousand crowns. He

May thou and thy Maker be blest.

Thou hast scattered the night from thy broad golden way, had been despoiled of everything, and Gennaro had but ten

Thou hast given us thy light through a long happy day, pieces of base Florentine money; but the angel was stiil present. Thou hast roused up the birds, thou hast wakened the flowers, Clotilda, who had never regarded the fortune Balthazar left her To chant on thy path, and to perfume the hours. otherwise than as a deposit, paid the ransom ; and Cozza left his

Then slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, prison ignorant what hand had broken his chains. He was not

And rise again, beautiful, blessing and blest. informed of it till six months afterwards, when he rejoined his illustrious friend Cosmo de Medici, at Florence.

Slow, slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, He there found Martin V. He threw himself at his feet,

Yet pause but a moment to shed acknowledged him as sovereign pontiff, and confessed to him all One warm look of love on the earth's dewy breast, the errors of his ambitious soul. Martin, moved even to tears,

Ere the starr'd curtain fall round thy bed, raised, embraced him, and created him Deacon of the Sacred

And to promise the tipe, College. Balthazar Cozza passed his last years tranquilly in

Where, awaking sublime,

Thou shalt rush all refresh'd from thy rest. making verses. But the conflict had been great, the shock had

Warm hopes drop like dews from thy life-giving hand, been such that he fell sick. But the torments he endured were Teaching hearts closed in darkness like flowers to expand ; softened by the cares, the prayers, the touching exhortations, of a Dreams wake into joys when first touch'd by thy light, nun, who had obtained permission to wait upon the poor Car- As glow the dim waves of the sea at thy sight. dinal. This sister, whose black veil completely concealed her

Then slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, figure, and who was called Bridget,—the name of the Saint

And rise again, beautiful, blessing and blest. canonized at Constance,-did not make herself known to the sick man until the eve of his death. Alas! when she removed her veil, Slow, slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, Cozza could scarcely recognize in those emaciated features the

Prolonging the sweet evening hour ; lovely Greek, who had been the admiration of Naples, and who Then robe again soon in the morn's golden vest, had watched over him from Bologna to Heidelberg.—The last

To go forth in thy beauty and power. words of Balthazar were “ Angel that thou art, pray for me."

Yet pause on thy way,

To the full height of day, Clotilda closed the eyes of the Cardinal, and not long after

For thy rising and setting are blest. Gennaro, who had remained so faithful to the fortunes of Cozza,

When thou com’st after darkness to gladden our eyes, and who had so deep an admiration for the daughter of Cerigo,

Or departest in glory, in glory to rise, assisted at the funeral solemnities of the nun, who died of grief ; May hope and may prayer still be woke by thy rays, died-chaste in an age of horrible depravity, died, because Balthazar And thy going be mark'd with thanksgiving and praise. had left her for a throne which crumbled beneath his feet. She

Then slow, mighty wanderer, sink to thy rest, might have become the mistress of a Cardinal or a Prince; she

And rise again, beautiful, blessing and blest. preferred to be the wife of the Corsair Balthazar, and he sacrificed

From “ Allila," by G. P. R. JAMES. her to his ambition. John XXIII. did not suspect that when he made a saint at Constance, he made a martyr at Florence.

What do you think of this idea, picked out of an old book :

“A worthy poet is the purest essence of a worthy man? ANCIENT COLONIES.

Here it is in poetry. It was an Italian religious usage, in times of severe pressure

“ Poet and saint! to thee at once is given,

The two most sacred names in earth and heaven." from war or pestilence, to make a vow of a sacred spring, (ver sacrum,) that is, to consecrate all the creatures born in the next

“ The particles of poetry," says Mr. Keightley, " like those of spring. When twenty years had elapsed, the cattle were sacrificed matter, are in eternal circulation, and forming new combinations." or redeemed; the youth were sent forth. A vow of this kind was

Thus, an Eastern poem commences :

" When the sun from the fish to the ram doth return, made by the Romans in the second year of the second Punic war : but it extended only to their flocks and herds. Such vows, the

Spring's banuer waves high on the brecze of the morn." tradition runs, led to the sending out the Sabine colonies ; sacred

And Moore, in his “ Lalla Rookh," undoubtedly without any animals were charged by the gods to whom any of them were knowledge of the Eastern song, sings, dedicated to guide them on their way. One colony was led by a

“ And day, with his banner of radiance unfurl'd,

Shines into the mountainous fortal that woodpecker, the bird of Mamers, into Picenum, then peopled by


Sublime from that valley or bliss to the world."
Pslasgians or Liburnians; another by an ox into the land of the
Opicans : this became the great Samnite people. The Hirpinians

Campbell has

Andes, giant of the western star, were guided by a wolf.

His nictcor standard to the winds unfurl'd, All the Sabellians, but especially the Marsians, practised divina- Looks from bis throne of clouds o'er half the world." tion, principally from the flight of birds. The Marsians also boasted of being able to charm serpents, and of having magical

“ Loosc his beard, and hoary hair cures for their bites ; and to this day the jugglers, who are wont to

Stream'd like a meteor to the troubled air." handle those reptiles familiarly, as one of the chief tricks they

And Miltonexhibit to the populace of Rome and Naples, come out of the same

“Imperial ensign, which full high advanced, country, from the Lago di Celano, in the Abruzzo.. Niebuhr's

Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind." History of Rome.

COLERIDGE's Table Talk.


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