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politically inoffensive, is perhaps not an ar- " The washing of the dinner service was gument against the politically dangerous originally organized with the nicest precision by tendency of the sect; for their numbers M. Leon Talabot, formerly deputy Procureur never exceeded 6,000, and it is only when du Roi; he filled this (the former) important
office with distinguished credit to himself du. some considerable proportion of a popularing the first days of the retirement of the tion is absorbed into a system, that its true sect: it has passed successively to M. Gustave tendency, or indeed its true object, begins d’Eichtal, jun., and to M. Lanibert
, formerly a to develope itself.
pupil of ihe polytechnic school, who worked at
it with devotion for a few weeks, and resigned it " It is all very well,” says Gisquet, fairly at last to M. le Baron Charles Duverier. At enough, “ that a small number of individuals present M. Moise Retouret, a young man of fashshould unite and profess, as a rule of equity, to ion, and a distinguished preacher among the St. proportion their property, social rank, and plea- Simonians, fulfils the duties of the office with in-sures, to individual merii, and hope to see things finite grace. established on such a system. It may be a good
“The principle of a division of labor is rethesis to support theoretically in a book; but, cognized among the St. Simonians. M. Emile after all, Providence is a better judge, even than Barrault
, formerly professor at the school of the supreme head,' of human capacities, and Torrèze, the author of a tolerable comedy in portions things out with a better view to the
verse, qualities of men than Falher Enfantin himself.” boots
, assisted by M. Auguste Chevallier, once
and a preacher among them, cleans the -v.i. p. 407.
professor of physics, and M. Duguet, formerly an The disciples of the sect, not content advocate of the cour royale. with privately advancing their pernicious
"M. Bruneau, formerly pupil of the polytechand immoral doctrines, delivered public the linen, the clothes, the enforcement of internal
nic and a captain in the army, has the care of lectures in Paris, in the presence of thou- order, the superintendence of the house, and the sands whom their eloquence was but too keeping matters clean. likely to corrupt.
“The apartments are scoured by M. Rigaud,
M. D., M. Holstein, the son of an eminent mer“It was impossible,” says Gisquet, “ that the authorities could tolerate these proceedings to Broet, both students ; Charles Penuckére, as
chant, Baron Charles Duveyrier, Pouijat and be inactive would be to become an accomplice, underscrub, (formerly a librarian,) and Michel Roi, accompanied by the commissioners of police, Chevallier, once a pupil of the polytechnic the serjens de ville, and a formidable armed force, school, a mining engineer and (appropriatelyj caused the St. Simonian temple in the Rue Tait- a director of the Globe. This last person is bout to be shut, and seized the register books, house ; he also waits at table along with Mes.
charged with the general management of the papers, &c. of the association.”
sieurs Rigaud and Holstein, and he in particuThe consequence of this measure was, lar, helps M. Enfantin to whatever he wants at that the remnant of the sect, deserting their his meals.
“ It is a comical sight to see masters waiting magnificent institution, temple, and all,
M. took refuge, to the number of sixty, in the Desforges, formerly a butcher's boy, enters in
upon those who had been their servants. house of the Père Enfantin, at Ménilmon to the family as a jack-of-all-trades, and so being tant; and there effected a general retrench- given the management of the laundry, has under ment in their habits and mode of life, suit. his command M. Franconi, the son of a rich Amered to their changed condition.
ican colonist, and M. Bestrand, once a student. The following extract from the Journal At the table he has his food presented to him by de Paris gives, amusingly enough, the de- the hands of M. Holstein, in whose service he
had previously been. tails connected with their manner of liv
"M. Henry Tournel, who had been a pupil of ing:
the polytechnic school, and director of the for“The apostles (for so they style themselves) ges and foundries of Creusot, has the special have no servants; they help themselves, and charge of the garden, assisted by M. Raymond their duties are certainly fairly distributed to Bonheure, formerly professor of drawing and each according to his capacity, and performed, painting, M. Roger, one of the orchestra of the as well as we can judge, with great cheerfulness Opera Comique, M. Justus, a painter, and M. and regularity.
Maschereau, a drawing-artist. Doctor Leon Simon, who was so long pro- “ The sweeping of the courts and street is fessor of St. Simonianism at the Salle de l'Athe- done by M. Gustave d’Eichtal, assisted by M. née, and was known to the world as the transla- Maschereau. M. Jean Terson, formerly a tor of an English medical work, as well as au. Catholic priest and preacher, is set to cut the thor of some other literary productions, now girt vegetables, to arrange the plates and dishes, to with an apron, cooks for the establishment; he lay the cloth, and, in fact, to do all the menial is assisted by M. Paul Rochette, formerly pro-business of the house. fessor of rhetoric. We have not been able to “M. Alexis Petit, the son of a gentleman of discover whether these gentlemen adopt the large landed property, is put to clean all the white shirt and cotton night-cap, the correct candlesticks, which amount io forty, and to see costume of their craft (de rigueur).
to the carrying off of the manure, &c. Vol. II. No. III.
“M. Enfantin, the supreme father,' as they in more than one instance to high political call him, sometimes works in the garden him- preferment. Our friend Gisquet, it seems, self; and handles the rake, spade, and hoe, has been the theme of attack as their inve. with great vigor.
“ Their life is perfectly regular; the sound of terate persecutor; he defends himself by a horn wakens them at five o'clock in the morn
a single statement of one of their number, ing: it summons them to their meals and their one who, be it noted, became soon after edi. various duties : at appointed hours they sing in tor of a government paper, and a privy coun. concert: during the day they exercise them-cillor. Gisquet understood how to pay selves in gymnastics; and all their movements, witnesses of this kind. when they are together, have something of
We are able to detect suspicious cirthe precision of military exercise. 6. With regard to their
cumstances, indeed, in most of his justifica.
appearance, their beard, which they suffer to grow long, gives tions. He had been attacked by the Tri. them certainly a peculiar air; but in other re- bune newspaper for a piece of bad taste, to spects there is nothing unpleasing to the eye. say the least of it. He gave, it seems, Their dress is composed of a litile blue frock some splendid balls within the walls of the very short and tightly fitted, without a collar–of Prefecture, which is, be it remembered, the a waistcoat fastened behind, and white trowsers. criminal prison of the metropolis. The Tri. Round their waist they wear a black leather bune said the sumptuous apartments of belt, fastened by a copper buckle."
the prefecture are placed immediately over In a very short time the sect, as might the dungeons into which are cast the be expected, became involved in questions wretches whom the sbirri in general have about property; and as soon as their doc. not secured without disabling them first trines and practices were exposed to the with their staves, if not with their swords. test of legal inquiries, the absurdity, inco. The cells of these dungeons re-echoed, at herence, and rolly exhibited by their lead the same moment, the shout of revelry ers, rendered them the laughing-stocks of and the cries of despair!" "Tis fearfulfio the public; while the “supreme fathe ," think upon! Oh, what an insolent triumph with two others, were once more forced to over misery !” This, no doubt, is rather “retreat" and realize their Utopia within high-flown-but does it excuse the defence the walls of a prison. Their mode of life of M. Gisquet, who, determining to take in S. Pelagie is thus described :
it literally, triumphantly asserts that the ** The Pere Enfantin wears a cloak of black prisons are not immediately under the savelvet, ornamented with a rich white and loons, but
a little at one side ! and even
green border, a toque of red velvet, black pantaloons here, one unacquainted with the locality and yellow sandals: on his white waistcoat is might be deceived by his statement for written, LE PERE; he has a long thick beard. he says "the conciergerie (the prison) is
“Michel Chevallier, another of the party, has situated on the quai de l'horloge, whereas also a red cap and an enormous beard; his the apartments of the Prefecture are on the cloak is purple and ornamented with ermine ; quai des Orfevres.". Now, it so happens, he has bright red pantaloons, such as our troops that the single building containing these of the line wear.
“ 'The supreme father' lives retired in his two contiguous portions is placed on the room; the apostle' Michel Chevallier, on the projecting point of an island in the Seine, contrary, shows himself frequently in the prison, of which the north shore is bounded by a and receives, as he passes, the salutations of the quay, having, no doubt, a different name political offenders. “ When the father makes his appearance, à-dos to it, as barely to leave room for the
from the southern one, but so closely dosthe red caps of the republicans are seen to doff themselves respectsully before his.
walls of the Prefecture between them. The “We are assured that the prison of the St. gist of the article in the Tribune appears Simonians is sumptuously furnished. They en evidently to be, the want of delicacy distertain every evening those imprisoned for po- played in collecting the votaries of pleaslitical offences, without any distinction of party,ure around the central point of punishment, and supply punch for drinking to divine right an act partaking in kind, though not in deand the sovereignty of the people, according to the capacity of each of their company."
gree, of the perverse recklessness which
prompts the savage to defer his feasting The principal dignitaries amongst this until he has the captive in his power and strange sect, when the time of their im- beside him, to give it zest by the contrast prisonment (reduced to six months) had with his sufferings. expired, sobered, no doubt, by the salutary Some of our readers may perhaps relesson they had received, entered once member that, in an earlier volume of this more into the world, and became, strange magazine, we commented upon an account to say, not only rational beings, but rose of that expedition of the Duchess de Berri
to La Vendée, which, were it not history, |actions which occurred about the era of the would be considered almost too romantic Revolution. At that period, the death of Louis for romance itself. The bluff general, the XVII, was one of the themes which he has reputed (though it was said, not the real) versation, and the paragraphs which he dictated
What he said in conauthor of the narrative, exposed, as he was
to me on the subject, are in perfect accordance bound to do, though himself the open oppo- with the deposition of the Sieur Lasnes, who nent of the adventurous dame, the secret had the custody of the Dauphin in the Temple, and diabolical villany of the emissary, and in whose arms that youth breathed his last Deutz, who wound himself into her confisigh. dence for the purpose of betraying her. He
Equally with M. Lasnes, who made his then laid the treason at the door of MM. deposition before the assize court of the Seine, Montalivat and Thiers—we think we have that the true Louis XVII. bad died in the Tem
the 30th of October last, wiis Barras convinced at last got at the real contriver of it-our ple, and that pretenders alone could usurp his author himself ; and we form the conjec- name. I give the circumstances on which the ture from the mode in which he endea ex-director's opinion was grounded. vors not only to palliate the crime, but to “In the year 3, Barras, then member of the throw an interest around the character of Convention, received instructions from the govthe double renegade, Deutz, who first ab- Jernment to visit Louis XVII., who was confined jured his faith and then betrayed his bene. with humanity. As soon as Barras saw him, he
in the Temple, and to see that he was treated factress. It were indeed amusing, if it recognised him at once for the young Dauphin, were not so revolting, to see the dexterity whom he had seen formerly at the Tuilleries. Gisquet ever exhibits in coloring acts and “No one need wonder that Barras, who beopinions of the hue best calculated to suit longed to so old and noble a family, that the his purposes—and we cheerfully allow him saying in the south used to be, that the Barras credit for all the items which, subtracted were as ancient as the rocks of Provence-no from his honesty, we are bound to place to seen the Dauphin before the great events which
one, I say, need wonder that Barras had often the account of his ingenuity. Dermon. happened then. Barras asked the child with court himself, of course, knew only a per- the greatest kindness concerning his health. He mitted portion of the secret machinations complained of feeling the most acute pain in his of the police, and the scene of mingled knee, so as to be unable to bend it. Barras, in treachery, romance, and absurdity enacted fact, fonnd that a swelling there had made fearin the mansarde of the house of the Demoi- in reality desperate.
progress, and that the state of the child was
Nor was he deceived; selles Duguigny at Nantes, is now, after a for, in spite of the most careful attention, the ten years' interval, traced to the bureau of young Dauphin died soon after. the ex-prefect-a worthy disciple, indeed, 6 M. Lasnes, therefore, as this short recital of Fouché, and a fit organ for despotism shows, is not the only person who can establish on the one hand, or the tyranny of repub- the identity of the child who died in the Temple licanism on the other!
with the Dauphin Louis XVII.
“I was struck with the perfect agreement But not only did a real and legitimate which exists between the circumstantial deposiclaimant to the throne disturb the tranquil. tion of the guardian of the young Louis XVII. lity of remodelled France, but pretenders, and the historic recollections of Barras; and it less unequivocally authorized, occasionally is because I would have every body understand sprang up. All these assumed the guise the matter, that I request of you to publish this of the unfortunate Louis XVII. The Ba letter in your interesting journal." » ron de Richemont was soon disposed of; Good God! only fancy the scene-Barand soon after, an obscure individual, ras, the sensual and sanguinary Barras, set named Naundorf, likewise tried his hand, to watch over the comforts of the young and by Gisquet's means was speedily ban-monarch of a kingdom, given to him and ished the country. The introduction of ravished from him at the same strokethis subject gives occasion to our author to that which murdered his royal father, and publish a letter, interesting more from the which might be said to have been actually details it gives, than because it confirms an inflicted by his hand! Picture for a moincontestable fact. It is dated 11th No. ment the malignant interest of the father's vember, 1831, and addressed by M. Graud, murderer, as he observed the fatal poison, Deputy Procureur du Roi at Charleville, to administered probably by the multiplied the editor of the Gazette des Tribuneaux. hands of petty cruelties, eating into the We extract a part :
fainting soul of the son ! Observe all this, "Every body knows tha, as the friend and transformed into a sentimental and roman legal adviser of the ex-director, Barras, I was tic narrative by the lawyer and confidential in a position to receive from this old minister in- scribe of the villain, and put forward as a teresting information on many of the trans- | proof that it was the verp dauphin who
died! Why, the very tone of the narrative otism! These are romantic spirits, who thirst takes
away all credit from the narrator, and for excitement, but for whom common life is too therefore, even as evidence of the fact it dull and prosaic. seeks to establish, it is utterly valueless. their craving for distinction—when their imagi
“When such men are not in a position to satisfy He who could color acts and feelings as nation cannot devise any means of giving celebhe has probably done, would, with less rity to their names by deeds of renown-forced criminality, distort facts. We verily be to lower their pretensions, they are determined lieve that the unfortunate prince did die in at least to do something odd. the temple ; but the document in question
“ One of the best of my agents was an indidoes noi go an inch towards proving it-vidual of this class. A train of very ordinary all it shows is, the school of villany and de- circumstances had placed him in a society which
initiated him into the secrets of the corresponception of which our author admitted him. dence of the legitimists with the Duchess of self to be a disciple.
Berry. This man, unable to extricate himself There is one portion of these volumes without danger from the position he stood in, which, but that it has been in a measure and not wishing to co-operate with a party from forestalled to the English reader by the re- whom he differed in opinion, demanded an audiview in the Quarterly of Mr. Frégier’s his situation, and explained all the advantages
ence of me. He showed me the peculiarity of book, we should have drawn briefly upon which I might derive from it. we mean the statistics of the classes of
"I certainly looked for very lofty expectations Paris, according to their moral divisions. on his part-judge of my surprise where my new Those who are epicures in such things, will agent informed me, that he proposed serving his surely get a sufficient meal in the Review ; country gratuitously, in order to preserve France for ourselves, a very slight morsel would from the horrors of a civil war! Struck by hare satisfied us, and we not unwillingly aspired to the kind of celebrity attached to the
reading a novel of Cooper's, called The Spyhe pass them by. No doubt, some of the pre- hero of that work, and wished to perform in fect's regulations were salutary; those re- France the part which Cooper has made his specting the Morgue, or receptacle for Harvey Birch enact during the American war. bodies found drowned in the Seine, and un- All he stipulated for was a promise that I would claimed, particularly. Nor are we disposed not take any harsh measures against certain to quarrel with him for having suppressed persons whom he named to me, and whom be that powerful but revolting play of Victor was attached to.
* The conduct of Harvey Birch-for he adoptHugo's, Le Roi s'amuse : nay, we even ed that name in all his communications was agree with him in his opinions respecting faithful throughout. He performed some pieces the ridiculous over-appreciation of the pub- of service which certainly deserved a tolerably lic interest in such matters indulged in by large remuneration, yet when the time came at the dramatist; but nevertheless, we scarce. which his particular agency was brought to ly see why all this need be introduced into a close, he contented himself with asking me a book professing to be memoirs : all that barely meet his indispensable wants.
for some trifling employment, such as might could justify the details we conceive would
“But besides the common informere and spies be its forming a basis or argument of a employed by the police, the ministers of the work of science or political economy; and crown must sometimes have creatures who we observe the same propensities in the will frequent the drawing-room of fashion, and author as characterized the retired be admitted into those brilliant assemblies,
soap. boiler, who stipulated to be permitted to where the most distinguished and illustrious attend weekly on boiling day for his proper class of auxiliaries constitutes what may be
personages of the land meet together. This amusement. No doubt, he means to make called the aristocracy of the police. the credit of salutary regulations stand as “But what rare and opposite qualities must in a set-off against the delinquencies of his such be united! With how many valuable administration ; but they are too niuch ex- talents must he be endowed who would fill this tended for this, and must be considered as
delicate post! Those privileged persons, whose exhibiting the tastes of the man.
wit, taste, and rank would naturally be supposed He is occasionally amusing in his de. to secure for them this enviable position, are
not, after all, the persons who fill it
. In short, scriptions of character.
I should despair to trace, in a satisfactory man“I have seen,” says he, “persons who acted ner, the porirait of these secret agents of the for the police, and gave me important informa- first class, were it not that I have in my eye a tion, who wished, they said, in this way to pay unique specimen—a type, such as in all probasome debt of gratitude for benefits received, bility will never be met with again. either from the royal family, or from some mem- “ The individual I allude to was of noble ber of the government.
birth, and bore a title which enhanced the natu“I must also add, as a remarkable and very ral charms of his deportment; for nature had rare variety, a class of persons who became refused him no external advantage, and, not agents of the police from motives of pure patri-| less prodigal to him in other points, had given him a rich and fertile imagination, and a remar- them, beyond the singular grace of the style in kable power of observation. Finesse, tact, re- which they were conveyed; and she received parlee, originality of thought, all caused him to for this a moderate sum out of the secret serbe distinguished even amongst the most suc- vice money. The insignificance of these comcessful lances in the list of wit.
munications at last decided me to give her her “But he is greatly mistaken who thinks that congé, but the baroness was immovable-she the Marquis of P- allowed himself to de- was determined not to give up the advantages scend to common manœuvres; who supposes, of the position she held. for example, that he would provoke a confidence “It was towards the end of October, 1832, at with more or less cunning, or would set about a time when the government knew that the leading the conversation to a subject in which Duchess of Berry was hid in the environs of he might take advantage of an unsuspecting Nantes, that our baroness affirmed to me, by candor. All this would be to be a common word and by letter, that she knew Madame's agent, or rather it would have involved dupli-retreat, but that she could not bring herself to city and a want of faith, quite foreign from his divulge so important a secret without being character. No; the Marquis of P- was de- promised a large reward, and a moderate sum termined to have all the credit of persect fair- of one thousand francs, paid in hand on account. ness and honesty.
“ Although I confess I was not very confident " But some of my readers, perhaps, disap- of her veracity, the baroness's affirmations were pointed by my last remarks, may here ask made with so much assurance, the names of whether I am not reading them a riddle. I beg some of the legitimist party, from whom she afof them to follow me to the end.
sected to have learned the secret, were chosen “All men in Parisian society knew that M. so cleverly, and besides her former position de P-, well bred as he was, did not possess gave her in reality so many facilities for penea sous in the world, and yet he had a handsome trating the secrets of that party, that I durst not house, horses, a carriage, and all those other reject such a chance of eventually rendering an appliances of comfort and luxury, indispensable important service to government. to a man who lives comme il faut.
“The required sum was, therefore, remitted to “ No one understood better than he the minu- the baroness, and the next day she announced to tiæ of fashion, the arcana of refinement, the me that the Duchess of Berry was hid, under the maniere d'etre of high life; none could order an name of Bertin-in a chateau near Arpajon. entertainment better, give a more recherché din- "I knew persectly well that the mother of ner, or prove by his gastronomic skill, his quali. Henri the Fifth was hid at Nantes, or within a fications for the society he lived in. And when circuit of a few leagues around that town; and on the green cloth, the billiard-ball
, or écarté, he consequently the intelligence given by the baro. set gold circulating freely, no one ever saw a ness was simply a story fabricated for the purplayer gain with less apparent satisfaction, or pose of swindling the government out of a lose with greater indifference.
thousand francs. “As besides all this the Marquis of P- “One more story I will give of a proceeding always appeared kind, usesui, a pleasant story of the same kind, chosen out of a thousand teller, harmless in his wit, though unrivalled in others of which I have the particulars in my his skill at epigram and raillery, he was the memory: constant object of attentions, and was sought for, 66. This time it was Madame la Comtesse de feasted, and admired by his numerous amphi-B- who had all the honor and profit of the tryons. Now, incredible as it may seem, not trick. This lady was perfectly well aware of only his friends, but the whole circle of his ac- our wish to discover the retreat of those repubquaintance, (and no one had a more extended licans who escaped in July, 1835, from the prione,) knew perfectly well what he was. This is son of St. Pelagie, and accordingly she wrote to what would have overwhelmed any one of or- me to say, that extreme want of money obliged dinary talent-here was the transcendent merit, her to commit a dreadful act; she demanded a the climax of genius. To put no questions, and few thousand francs for revealing the secret of to learn much; to invite no expression of opin. which she was the depositary, offering to tell ion for the purpose of revealing it, and yet to where a number of the runaways had gone, and ascertain the opinion of every body'; to urge no only asking the trifling advance of one thousand one to disclosure, and yet to penetrate into the francs. The minister of the interior authorized most secret thoughts, to know every thing, in the payment of the money, and the Countess de fact, without appearing to observe any thing, B— announced to us that she had herself unand to retain the confidence even of those who dertaken to accompany two of the principal ofwere perfectly well acquainted with the part he fenders to the frontier, who were to pass, one for played, surely this was to do the business of po- her husband, the other for her servant; she lice agent in an accomplished way, enough stated what diligence they were to go by, the almost to make it agreeable to the public !" day of their intended departure, and the real But even the police may be taken in.
and assumed names of the fugitives. She acHere is the other side of the picture
tually set off in the coach named ; six of my
agents took places in it with her, and, as may be “A certain baroness, whose husband had supposed, every precaution was taken to secure been in the service of the old royal family, af- her imaginary fellow-travellers; but is the amiafected the rest devotion for the new dynas- ble countess had any delinquents in her conty. She sent me periodically relations which pany, their crimes were not of a nature to call generally did not turn out to have much in for the high jurisdiction of the Court of Peers,