Imagens das páginas

and accordingly our good lady made at the pub-| GOVERNMENT EDUCATION MEASURE. lic expense a journey, of which she reserved all

From the Spectator. the advantages and pleasures for herself.” The temper in which the educational clauses The readers will not, perhaps, at once ed of by the leaders in the House of Commons

of the Government Factory Bill have been talkobserve that the parties held' up to ridi. is such as to suggest a hope that some of the cule or reprobation by the ex.prefect in details of the bill may be modified so as to ena

hese extracts, are probably sufficiently ble both parties to support it. pointed at for a Paris reader to identify by The principle of compulsory education by the his descriptions, and thus the discarded po- State, as is truly observed by Mr. Fox in lice official in all probability pays his debes pamphlet on the Educational Clauses, " is new of spite by these details, which may or may io some of their characteristic modes of thought”

to the people of this country, and very offensive not be true, but which must be fatal to the The remark applies only to secular education; reputation of the parties, thus gratuitously, for the Church is, properly speaking, a great inon such authority, branded with infamy in stitution supported by Government for the purthe eyes of the public.

pose of diffusing religious education. With reBut all parties began at last to be dis. gard to secular education, however, the remark is gusted with him-popular hatred rose to just; and Mr. Fox might have added, that the lazy fury-and he was obliged, in self-defence, offices is an additional impediment in the way

routine habits of the old stagers in Government to retire not only from office, but from the of a national system of education. Keeping in capital; yet nevertheless he makes his view the inveterate prejudices entertained in moan, at the close of his volumes, because this country by "practical men" of all classe 8 his persecutions, as he calls them, extend against any thing they are not accustomed to, it ed even to those friends and relatives whom is desirable that any step on the part of the he had thrust into office! One would think Civil Government to assume the care and rehim the most wronged of men. He fancies, and encouraged.

sponsibility of education should be welcomed too, after his retirement, with a delusion

To the late Whig Ministry belongs the credit amusingly analogous to a case he ridicules of taking the first step in this direction. A Comin an early part of these volumes, that he mittee of the Privy Council on Education is, was subjected to espionage, and seeing of perhaps, but a poor substitute for a Minister of course bis own former agents around his Public Instruction ; but it is a great gain as a house, as they were everywhere, he be beginning. By making the appointment of such lieves that his very motions are watched, ments of every new Administration, the Civil

a Committee a recognized part of the arrange: and complains, like another Rousseau, that Government recognizes a certain surveillance all men were in a plot against him ! It is of education as part of its cares and responwith exquisite effrontery that, wearied, as sibilities. Every thing that the friends of eduit should seem, with virtuous efforts to jus- cation, in or out of Parliament, can henceforth lify himself, he exclaims at last—"Je ne

induce Government to do for the promotion of veux pas céder à l'irritation de mes souve-mittee. In proportion as its business increases

education, will naturally be referred to this Com. nirs : je m'en rapporte à la sagacité de tous in quantity, the importance of its Chairman les hommes impartiaux !"

(who, as usual, will be the Committee) will inIt is said that the mode Gisquet took to crease, and the public become familiarized with interrogate a man from whom he expected the interference of Government in educational to elicit a fact of importance was to seize matters. The prejudices alluded to by Mr. Fox him by the hand, talk for some time on Bureau of Education ; but the Committee of

would prevent the creation of a Minister and other 'matters, and then, putting the query Education must necessarily grow into a Minister vehemently and abruptly, squeeze his hand and Bureau. violently at the same moment-a mode of The educational clauses of the Government question which, it is stated, in many instau. Factory Bill are a step in this progress. It has ces extracted the desired reply, when been siated as an objection to thicm, that it is nothing else could have accomplished it.

invidious to make education compulsory on the There is little, we repeat, to induce he factories, if it is not to be made compulsory on

the whole nation. The answer is, you could reader to peruse this work-it will certain. not

, in the present temper of the people and of ly not instruct him, and will, we think, public men, carry a measure for compulsory nascarcely amuse, beyond the passages we fional education, but the inquiries of the Com. have extracted.

missioners on Factories and the Employment of Children have convinced every body that soniething must be done in the manufacturing dis

tricts. If a system of compulsory education for THE MARQUESAS.—The French Government has the factory population under the control of the received despatches from the Marqnesas, ly wbich Committee of the Privy Council for Education it appears the sory of the massacre of the govern can be made to work well, it will be an experior is unfounded.- Eram.

mental demonstration of the possibility and advantage of extending the system to every district, / solve into apprehensions entertained by the Dis. and embracing within it all classes of the popu- senters and Tiberal Churchmen that the measure lation.

may be perverted into a system of proselytism. In order to estimate the value of the objections The features of the measure regarded as most to the details of Sir James Graham's education- favorable to such abuse are-1. The constitual clauses, let us briefly enumerate their provi- tion of the Local Boards of Trustees: 2. The eions. They go lo establish schools under the provision (section 55) which renders it necessamanagement of a Local Board of Trustees, sub- ry that the teachers shall belong to the Estabjected to the inspection of four lay Inspectors, lished Church: 3. The provisions by which with a staff of assistant Sub-Inspectors, and to attendance at church and at Sunday-schools is the control of the Educational Committee of the made compulsory, and attendance upon those of Council. The Local Board is to consiet of the the Establishment made the rule ; an express Clergymen and the Churchwardens of the dis- dispensation being required to permit attendtrict, ex officio Trustees; and four other Trus- ance upon Dissenting places of worship. Two tees, two of whom must be occupiers of facto- of these objections would be obviated by engraftries employing children, chosen by the district ing on the bill two of the recommendations emJustices of the Peace out of persons assessed at bodied in Lord John Russell's resolutions-1. a certain sum to the poor, or out of those who That the rate-payers of any district in which have contributed a certain proportional sum to rates are collected for the erection and mainten: the entire cost of the school. Every person ance of a school shall be adequately represented giving a site to a school shall be one of the at the Local Board, and the Chairman be electTrustees during his whole life. This Board is ed by the Board itself: 2. That in order to tied down to certain regulations for insuring due prevent the disqualifications of competent schoolrespect to the religious persuasions of the pa- masters on religious grounds, the religious inrents of children attending the schools. The struction given to children whose parents belong Bible, and is no other book of religion whatever," to the Established Church, or who may be deis to be taught to all the pupils; instruction in sirous that their children should be so instructed the peculiar doctrines of the Church of Eng- shall be communicated by the clergyman of the land, one hour in each day," is to be given ; parish. With respect to the third objection, but scholars whose parents desire that they shall Lord John proposes that the children shall have not be present at such instruction shall not he liberty to resort to any Sunday-school or place compelled to attend. The scholars are to at- of religious worship their parents may approve: tend the service of the Church once a day on perhaps a still better meihod of obviating the Sundays, unless the parents desire them not to objection would be, not to legislate at all upon do so, on the ground of religious objections. the subject. And the Educational Committee of the Privy Regarding this measure, as it ought to be reCouncil are, through their Inspectors appointed garded, with a total absence of all partişan feelby the Queen, that is by her Ministers, to watch ing, and solely with a view to the effects it is over the observance of these regulations and calculated to produce upon society at large, we enforce them.

see no reason why the most zealous Churchman These arrangements put the entire control of should object to Sir James Graham's bill, modithis partial system of national education in the fied to meet the amendments suggested in Lord hands of the Civil Government. A majority of John Russell's resolutions; or why, on the other the Local Trustees are appointed by the Justi- hand, the stanchest friend of civil and religious ces of the Peace, who are appointed and re- liberty should hesitate to support it. Nay, with movable at pleasure by Government. The In- regard to the objection urged against the conspectors are appointed by Government. The stiiution of the Local Boards contemplated by Educational Committee of the Privy Council the original bill, it does appear, that with Minishave the power of checking every contravention ters so completely in the power of the House of of the regulations made to insure liberty of con. Commons as the Ministers of this country are science. Sir Robert Peel's Government are en--with constituencies in which the Dissenters deavoring 10 put into the hands of the Ministers are probably niore powerful than they would be of Education created by Lord Melbourne's under a more extended franchise with the Government the means of educating the people. growing feeling in favor of secular education, The system of schools contemplated by the and an unfettered press—the control vested in present Government bill must be worked in the the Committee of the Privy Council for Educasense of the Ministers of the day; and the lion would be found sufficient to counteract any Ministers of the day must conform to the sense danger from that source. of the House of Commons and its constituents. This, in the present advanced stage of public opinion, is no bad guarantee that ihe adminis- " Tue Club."— The members of this longtration of the schools will not be tainted with a established literary club, founded by Dr Johnson, proselytizing or an intolerant spirit.

and of which Sir Joshua Reynolils, and most of But this approbation of the broad outline of the celebrites of their day, have belonged, dined the measure is quite consistent with a desire together on Tuesday evening, at the Thatched that every thing in its details to which well

. M. P., president, and among the members present

House Tavern. The Riglie Hon. B. Macaulay, founded 'ohjections can be urged should be were the Marquess of Lansdowne, Viscount Mor. amended. All the objections of any plausibility peth. Earl of Carnarvon. Hon Mountsturt Elplin. or weight that have been urged against the bill | stone, Rev. Sydney S.nith, Rev. H. H. Milman, are in reality objections to details. They all re-1 &c.- Court Journal.



people had been asleep, dreaming of what their waking hours realized-happiness.

They were not, like myself, gamesters; or From Chambers's Ediuburgh Journal.

if they were, they must all have come off Towards the close of 1829 the gaming winners. Minutely noting the expression houses of the Palais Royal, in Paris, were of each face as it was turned towards me, I nightly filled with an unusual number of could read, with some accuracy, what pass. players, from a report getting abroad that ed within.' Thus I enjoyed a sort of metaihese sinks of iniquity were to be abolish- physical panorama. Each one who caught ed in the succeeding year. One evening in sight of me no longer smiled, but frowned summer there was a full attendance at a upon me as an intruder upon their joyousrouge-et-noir table in one of the largest of ness. Had I been an adder lying across the houses. All went on quietly for some the path of a pleasure-party, they could not time. At last the silence was broken by a have regarded me with greater aversion. young man who exclaimed, “Confusion! The men depressed their brows; for my Red again, and I have been doubling on appearance troubled them; and no wonder. black for the last five games. Four hun. I was unshorn and baggard, and my whole dred louis ? 'Tis well, this is the finale ! aspect must have plainly indicated a night So now—as I am ruined-send me some in a gambling-house. My countenance brandy!"

doubtless betrayed the remorse then rank“Fortune has frowned to-night, Folarte,” ling in my heart. This was 'produced by said a person who was watching the game; recollections of the ruin 1 was bringing up“have you lost much ?”

on others whom it was my duty to cherish “A bagatelle of four hundred, simply; and to comfort. My mother was on the more, indeed, than I ever lost in one even point of being dragged to prison for noning,” returned the loser, retiring with his payment of a bond, ten times the amount friend to a separate table.

of which I had squandered, or lost at play. “Nay, you forget the seven hundred on ! had sacrificed the trusting heart of my Thursday; it"

betrothed Lisette for the smiles of a co“ Is not so much as the four hundred to- quette, to whom I had, on that very night, night.”

promised a present which would cost fifty "So !” exclaimed Cornet; "you have pounds. To deepen the dye of my crimes, got rid of your arithmetic as well as your Lisette and her brother had travelled to money ?"

Paris, and were in great distress, although “Psha ! friend ; a word in your ear. The a sum I borrowed of François, and which I ill luck of this day leaves me only fifty had not repaid, would have rescued them pounds richer than a pauper ; they are my from want. last. Come, pour out more brandy!” Maddened by these reflections, I rushed

Cornet looked me steadfastly in the face. to my lodging. It was there that the "Folarte,” said he, "you are a philoso. malady, the consequences of which I am pher!”

about to detail, first seized me. Acciden“ A philosopher? If you knew all, you tally looking into the dressing-glass, I bewould call me a hero. But my head burns. held my face frightfully distorted by re. A turn in the gardens of the Thuilleries morse and dissipation. That vision so will cool me.”

horrified me, that the impression remained " You will join us again in the evening ?" after I withdrew my eyes from the glass. “Of course; have I not fifty left ?" My own form continually appeared stand

It was early morning; the air, though ing beside me. I was the slave of its ac. fresh, was damp and chilling, laden with tions. I had lost my will, my identity. I dew; but the cold gray color of the sky was nothing but an unembodied appendage gradually dissolved into a more genial tint of my own form. I had become a sbadow by the rays of the rising sun. Several milk. in continual attendance upon a seeming maids and laundresses passed me. Yes, substance which usurped my corporeal me ; for the ruined, reckless gamester it frame: I did whatever it liked, and went is who now makes his confession. They wherever ir chose.* seemed happy, for they laughed and chai. In the Rue Richelieu-whither the form ted merrily. Groups of artisans also ap- led me-Cornet, the professed gamester, peared, and let off several trite jokes and ready-made gallantries; for which the girls of disordered mind to fancy he is naunted by his

* However improbable it may seem for a person rewarded them; some with their lips, others

own form, yet the circumstance is perfectly true.with their smiling glad-looking eyes. These Ed.

approached. He shook hands with it. I “Our notary, too,” continued the unheard these words“ Courage! you will happy lady, " is unfortunately confined by have better luck next time. Luck, did I illness. But my son—I have not been suc. say? 'Tis certainty. Listen. A pigeon cessful in seeking him out yet. He will has flown back from London; and to-night advance the money." we intend plucking his first feather at Es. "By twelve o'clock, to-day ?" telle's soirée. Bring up your fifty louis. “I may not find him by that time. I I have raised a hundred, and Coquin will be have been here four days without seeing ready with eighty more. If we cannot him. I have sent frequently. He is sel. finish him with écarté, we mean to adjourn dom at home.” to S-4's, and clear him out with roulette “Bless me, how extremely unlucky; the and poule-billiards!” The gambler moved court of assize broke up at seven last eve. on. "He passed me unnoticed, paying his ning for the session, and unless we proceed respects to my other self.

against you before mid-day, we shall not be On the same morning, a matronly lady- able to arrest you till the next sitting. like person, recently arrived from a north. Hence you see, madame, you must be so ern province, was seated alone in an ob extremely obliging as to pay in the cash scure apartment of the Hotel de Clair Fon- before then, or we shall not have time to taine. "Her health was evidently impaired, procure the necessary letters of execuand grief had committed sad ravages on tion.” her once handsome face. She was trying “What will be the consequence ?" exto peruse and comprehend the copy of a claimed Madame Folarte, bursting into law-deed ; but her tears fell too fast to tears. read, and her heart was too full of trouble “By a quarter past eleven, we shall have to understand the writing before her. A procured the writs; and at twelve, the respectful tap was heard at the door, and bailiff with his follower will have the honor presently a person, bearing a huge box of of calling for you. But, bless me, a most papers, presented himself. He took ex. lucky circumstance: I have an appointactly three steps into the room, and having ment with a client, who is in St. Pelagie.t made an elegant bow, advanced to the table, Will you allow me to do myself the pleawhere he deposited the box; out of which sure of offering you a seat in my cab? The the excessive neatness of his dress, and bailiff can ride behind.” superlative precision of his manner, might Madame Folarte, completely stupified have led one to believe he had just stepped. with the horrors that too surely awaited

“Madame Folarte ?” inquired the nota-her, was unable to answer. ry; for such he was.

"Indeed, I shall be most happy," conThe lady bowed, and motioned the visitinued the imperturbable lawyer. "About tor to a seat.

twelve-perhaps five minutes later-we “I trust I have the pleasure to see you shall be with you. Permit me to hope in perfect health," began the lawyer. "I that, provided the money shall not have take the liberty of intruding myself upon been paid into court by that time, you will you concerning a matter of trilling impor. have made your out-door toilet. And now, tance.”

madame, nothing remains for me but the Madame Folarte's whole frame was con pleasure of wishing you good day.” The vulsed with a sudden shudder; for the pattern of legal politeness then left the man, as he spoke, cast his eyes on the room with the languishing air of a dancer deed that Jay on the table. “'T'hen this is making his adieus to his partner. the last day!” she ejaculated.

While this scene was being enacted, I “Pardon me, madame, I shall have the was conducted by my second self into the honor to occupy your valuable time pre-shop of the jeweller of whom the tiara I cisely twenty minutes.” The notary then intended to present to Estelle had been took a watch from his waistcoat pocket, ordered. The chief assistant stretched his and placed it beside him.

long neck over the row of customers that “I know too well the object of your be. lined the counter, to say, "The tiara Moning here. In a word, you must tell the sieur ordered is ready. Monsieur shall be creditor-Monsieur Durand, I believe-attended to as soon as it is possible.” He that I have not been able to raise the thought he was going to receive ready money."

money, for a chair was promptly handed. “It gives me infinite pain to hear you We preferred standing at the door. say so. Allow me to offer you a pinch of snuff—it is genuine, believe me.'

* The debtors' prison of Paris.

“Here are the jewels," said the man as to have left him a moment's comparative he approached ; " they are of the finest happiness; he appeared to have sunk into water, and elegantly set. The price two obliviousness. Thrice miserable state, to thousand francs only."

render forgetfulness a blessing! For the first time it spoke, and I heard Even this was denied for any length of my own voice as if from another's lips. time; a faint voice from a bed which stood I shuddered. The bargain was made in a corner of the room awoke him to all Twenty-five louis were to be paid at once, the horrors of his lot. “Dear brother," it the rest in fifteen days. The shopman re. whispered, “ you, too, are ill ?" tired to pack up the purchase. Several "No, no; not ill,” said the youth hurri. carriages had stopped in the street on ac.edly, as he approached the bed; "not ill, count of some obstruction. Suddenly a dear Lisette, butshriek, loud, piercing, and to me familiar, “Faint, sinking, Francois ?" then sudentered my brain, and went straight to my denly recollecting herself, she exclaimed, heart! I saw a bitter smile pass over my “Alas! you have not tasted food for two companion's—my own countenance. A days !" "She fell on the pillow, and bathed man, who had alighted from some vehicle, it in tears. accosted us. He took off his hat, "I “Lisette, Lisette, be of good heart," retrust Monsieur will excuse a perfect stran. plied the brother. “ Indeed I am not sul. ger taking the liberty to address him ; but fering on that account. Soon will these a lady, whom I have the bonor to escort to miseries be ended. Yes, yes,” he con. St. Pelagie, desired-before she fainted in tinued, bis eye brightening with a ray of my cab—to have the pleasure of speaking hope, as he glanced towards the manuscript, to Monsieur !"

" Nonsieur Debit, the publisher, has pro• That lady was my mother, arrested for a mised-positively passed his word—ihat debt I had neglected to pay! She came when complete, he will purchase my rotottering along the pavement to embrace mance. Nay, the price is agreed on—wo me, but in the attempt sank on the ground. thousand francs. To-morrow evening we Not at all affected by the scene, my ever shall be possessed of two thousand francs! ready double said in the calmest accents to Think of that, sister.” the little man—“Take her away,” and the “ Would we had one franc now," interofficial did as he was bid !

rupted Lisette mournfully. “But you A moment before, the jeweller's man have at last made known our wretched put forth the trinket in one hand, but in state. Your letter to Folarte". stantly drew it back on seeing the transac- “Name him not! He it is who has tion without. His thoughts were easily brought all these miseries upon us. All

, guessed to be these: “A person who can. all--my poverty, your illness. Ob, sister, not afford to rescue his parent from prison, he is unworthy of the sighs, the tears you will hardly be able to pay a balance for have shed for him! Besides, his dishonjewellery."

esty to me, his attentions to the woman he “What, sir ; do you doubt my honor ?"calls Estelle, ought to"-said, as I thought, my other self, with a su. “François, this must not be ; you think preme assumption of indignation. Twenty- too hardly of our cousin. My heart is in. five louis were thrown jingling on the deed breaking-not because he is lost 10 counter, and the tradesman was conquered. me, but because he is lost to himself. The The present for Estelle was gained. Terrible vice of gaming has for a time black.

Meanwhile two other victims of my er. ened his heart. But he will be here yet-! rors were suffering the pangs of poverty in know he will. My own heart tells me so." their severest acuteness. In a miserable

“Not while he has a louis left to gamble attic, in the most wretched quarter of with. Let us not think of him. I will re: Paris, a young man—his form attenuated, sume my task. his visage wan—was earnestly engaged in Francois had scarcely uttered those words making alterations in a romance of his own before we entered his room. On beholding composition. He had pursued the task as what he thought to be me, he threw himself long as his fast-failing strength would per- into an attitude of defiance; the girl shriek. mit: but that was at length exhausted, and ed and bid her head under the bed-clothes. he covered his face with his thin starved. There was a pause. Lisette was the first to looking fingers, to rest upon them a head speak. “Francois, I, your sister, so dear to aching with mental anxiety and physical you, implore you to receive him with kindweakness. Poverty, the fiend whose gall. ness. He has come to relieve us—10 pay ing influence he bitterly bewailed, seemed l you."

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