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MAN A MICROCOSM.
SHORT RIDES IN AN AUTHOR'S OMNIBUS. When the late Lord Erskine, then going the
circuit, was asked by his landlord how he had From the New Monihly Magazine.
slept, he replied,
“Union is strength, a fact of which some of
your iomates seem to be unaware; for had the " It is worthy of remark,” says Vico (in the Heas been unanimous last night, they might have " Scienza Nuova”). " that in all languages, the pushed me out of bed." greater part of the expressions relative to inani.
“ Fleas !” exclaimed Boniface, affecting great niate things are either derived hy metaphor from astonishment, "I was not aware that I had a different parts of the human body, or from hu- single one in the house." man sentiments and passions. Hence the word
"I don't believe you have,” retorted his lordhead for summit or commencement-mouth for ship, "they are all married, and have uncomany opening--the teeth of a plough, of a rake, monly large families.” of a saw, of a comb--a tongue of land-the
STATE PYRAMIDS. gorge of a mountain-a handful for a small number--the arm of a river--the heart for the " It may be taken as a governing principle in centre--the veins of a mine-the bowels of the all civil relations, that the strong and the rich earth--the flesh of a fruit--the whistling of the will continue to grow stronger and richer, and wind--the murmur of the waves--the grouning the feeble and the poor more weak and impovof any object beneath a great weight." erished, until the first become unfit to rule, or
The Romans used the phrases o sitire agros, the last unable any longer to endure. This is laborare fructus, luxuriari segetes :" and the the secret of the downlall of all states that have Italians
say, • andar in amore le piante, andar crumbled beneath their own ahases, and hence in pazzia le vili--lagrimare gli orni;"' while the necessity of widening the founditions of sothey apply to inanimate objects the words, ciety, according to the increased weight that "fronte, spalle, occhi, barbë, collo, gamba, they are required to support. A pyramid, surpiede, pianta."
mounted with a statue, whether crowned or not, We have already said that ignorant man takes should be the emblem of a commonwealth." himsell for the rule of the universe: in the above Despotic states resemble a pyramid reversed, examples, he makes an entire world of himself which the weakest assault may topple down: Man, in fact, transforms himself into all objects and few things are more weak, notwithstanding both by intelligence, and by the want of intelli- its apparent strength, than absolute power. It gence; and perhaps the second axiom is more has no supporters, no delence-for the tyrant is true than the first, since in the exercise of his ever without friends-and he who bas no law understanding he stretches his mind to reach for others, cannot expect any for himself. Hence and embrace objects; whereas, in the privation the tyrannicide among the ancients was always of intelligence, he makes all these objects out of honored as a patriot. The modern civilized himself.
world is perhaps less governed by constitutions Hence the received notion that man is a mi- and ministers than by public opinion, which a crocosm or little world, and that the body na- free press, where it exists, soon clevaies into a tural may be compared to the body politic. Nor species of omnipotence. If
, therefore, there be have we been content with fashioning an outward any truth in the dicrum that the vor populi is world from our inward one; but as God made the ro.c Dei, the enliglitened European states, nian in his own image, so have certain fanatical so far as they are sell governed, are religiously inen presumed to create a Deity after their own governed, and approximate to the condition of form and fashion, which is generally the worst the Jewish thcocracy before the time of Saul. they could have selected. Every one is more or less a little world to himself; and in this susion, or confusion of the outward and visible with the inward and spiritual, most people are mined by that which seeds il-or like a butterfly,
Hope is like a poplar beside a river-underapt to identily themselves with external objects, crushed by being caught-or like a fos-chase, especially if they bear reference to their own of which the pleasure is in the pursuit-or like inimediate habits, callings, or productions; a natural tendency which receives illustration from appointinent or remorse as soon as it is accom
revenge, which is generally converted into diethe beygar, recorded hy Matthews, who hobbled plished-or like a will-o'-the-wisp, in running about the streets, exclaiming, “ Please to buy a penn'orth of matches of a
alier which, through pools and puddles, you are
not likely to catch any thing—but a cold. poor old man all made of dry wood.”
A PUZZLING QUESTION.
Rousseau asks his humane, moral, and enlightA chatterbox ran about the town of Bath, ened reader, what he would do if he could eowarning his friends against ever sleeping at the rich himself
, without moving from Paris, by Golden Lion, where he had been mosi griev- signing the death warrant of an innocent old ously bitten by Aleas.
Mandarin of China ? A conscientious French. “ You remind me,” said one of the parties man might urge that we have no right to do thus addressed, " of the punishment threatened wrong in order that good may come of it; but by Horace to the man who should attack him,
he would at the same time moot the question,
whether it be wrong to put an old Mandarin out Fl-bil, et insignis totâ cantabitur orbc." of his misery, laking it for granted, that he must
TO-DAY:-AHINT FOR A SERMON.
be in a wretched state of health from the inor- and immortalize him by publishing it in the New dinate use of opium, supplied to him by the un. Monthly Magazine. feeling and unprincipled English. And the pious Gaul would further argue, that, though it would be scandalous to procure the death of a fellow-creature to enrich himself
, he was bound, calculators as to what four farthings would by
Marvellous are the statements put forth by as a father, to consult the interests of his chil, this time have accomplished, had they been dren; whereupon a tear of parental love would start into his eye, and he would sign the deaths- placed out at compound interest at the birth of
Christ. Were such a penny-turning penny in warrant with a sentimental ejaculation. Had the same question been propounded to a
existence, and able to tell its own tale, it would plain English John Bull, during the late war
Make his chronicle as rich with prize, with the Celestial Empire, he would probably As is the oozy bottom of the sea, exclaim,
With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries. - What! have I not always been taught to make money--honestly if I could--but at all A rolling stone, we are told, gathers no moss, events to make money--and are not the Chinese and in the case of Sysiphus, we know the assertion our enemies, whom we are bound to destroy by to be true; but this ever-turning penny, if Cocker every means in our power ?"
be trustworthy, would, at this our present Anno " I'rue," might be rejoined ; " but this poor Domini, almost suffice to purchase our habitable old Mandarin is a non-conbatant; he has never globe, even were it composed of one entire done you any harm, and it would hardly be in and perfect chrysolite"- '-a fact of which I have conformity with the laws of religion and human. no more doubt, than had Pitt of the efficacy of ity to put him to death for nothing."
his sinking fund to annihilate the national debt “ But,” retorts John Bull, " it would be in per- in a few years! But although we have no me. sect conformity with the laws of war. Besides, tallic evidence of the miracles that may be acI don't put him to death for nothing. I should complished by the accumulation of money, we scorn such a mean and cruel act-I do it to en: have present and tangible proof of the wonders rich myself. Had I been but a physician, 1 that may be wrought by the aggregation of might have done the same towards scores of my Time; for that most marvellous of all prodigies fellow-countrymen, only the warrant would have To-day—is the astounding result of the one sinbeen written in Latin--so give me the pen." gle day of the Creation, with its compound in
Let us suppose one of that daily-increasing terest for six thousand years. class, the Docior Cantwells, to be placed in the This most imperial To-day, therefore, is seatsame predicament.
ed on the throne built up by two million one Though we are at war with the Chinese," hundred-and-ninety thousand days, and makes would he meekly remark,“ no consideration its footstool of twenty-four times as many hours! should induce me to sign this poor man's death Acting as the faithlul subjects and indefatigable warrant, especially for my own interest, for we subjects of Today, the countless myriads of the are commanded to forgive our enemies. But past generations have exterminated monsters, we are nowhere commanded to forgive the ene- diminished the races of wild beasts and savages, mies of the Lord; and as this miserable sinner have advanced civilization, improved the fertilis a heathen, and it inay be for the interest of ity of the earth, conquered the elements, and the true religion that he should be swept from ministered in ten thousand different ways to the the face of the earth, I «leem it my bounden duly, physical security, comfort, and happiness of their however painful to my feelings, to give my hums living successors. ble subscription to this heavenly order.”
And yet all that God has done for man, and Which having done, and invested the blood. man for himself in a material sense, during these money in land or government securities, he six thousand years, fades into insignificance would make donations to half a dozen charitable compared with the inappreciable moral legacies or religious focieties, would call (in his own which the past has bequeathed to the present. carriage) upon some polemical Boanerges, and all the wisdom, experience, investigation, disif, as they drove towards Exeter Hall
, they coveries, inventions, improvements, of sixty cenchanced to p:188 some good and kind-hearted, turies, each adding by compound interest to the and really religious man who was no pharisee, treasures it had inherited, are ihe free, absolute, our Doctor Cantwell would turn to his compa- inalienable property of To-Day-not entailed to nion, and exclaim with a look and a sneer of any individual heir-not restricted to any favorsanctimony
ed class, but scattering their precious benefits "I thank God that I am not as yonder pub- hy the diffusion of intelligence in all directions, lican."
upon the poor as well as the rich, the peasant Let us imagine the same startling question as well as the prince. Truly, all those who by submitted to the decision of a poor devil of an living To-day have become the heirs of the author.
pasl, have succeeded to a splendid patrimony ! " Hlow--what !” he would exclaim-"get sud- Letiheir gratitude be proportioned to their good denly rich hy my own writing, and none of the fortune, especially when they reflect that they money to go to the publisher ? Done--done! pay no legacy-duty nor income tax on this magWhere's the pen and ink, where's the paper ? nificent bequest. As to the Mandarin, he need not shake his gory And yet iheir destiny and position are much locks at me. The day of his death shall be the less majestical as children of the past, than as the happiest of his life, for I'll write his Epicedium, I parents of the future; for they have only six
thousand years behind, but an eternity before for what is it, in point of fact, but the glory of them. And if riches have their duties as well doing all the drudgery and dirty work for the as privileges, what an awful responsibility is rest of our species, of being cosniopolitan “hewentailed upon the generation inheriting all the ers of wood iind drawers of water," not to say moral wealth that has been accumulating since catholic scavengers and nightmen? We boast the creation ! “ The child's the father of the of being the freest nation in the world, yet we man,” and the comparatively young world of voluntarily make ourselves the slaves of the To-Day, will transmit its character to the adult most slavish that will give us orders—for our world of another day. Can there be a more co-manufactures. We are a people of unemancigent motive for improving the moral estate we pated white negroes. have inherited, so that our legacy to posterity Does any ask what we have gained by thus may exceed that which was bequeathed to us rendering ourselves the slaves of the whole by antiquity, and that the incalculable numbers world? We have become masters of the whole who are to come after us, inay not have reason world! We have literally stooped to conquer. to reproach their ancestors ? Let no living man Commerce, an ever-propitious impersonation of finally pass away, without having endeavored both Neptune and Mars, has given us the comto deposit upon the altar of human advance- mand of the sea, which, in the present dependment, an offering suitable to his means and op- ence of nations upon each other, includes, to a portunities. As his efforts towards this great certain extent, the dominion of the land. We and glorious consummation will best embalm have not " beat our swords into ploughshares, bis memory among his fellow-mortals, so may and our spears into pruning-hooks,” that so we he humbly hope that they will form his surest night become a judge over the nations; but on passport to a blissful immortality.
the contrary, conquering by the instruments of
peace, we have made lances of our shutules, HOW TO FIND THE PHILOSOPHER'S S'TONE. hattering-rams of our steam-engines, and bran
dishing the manufacturer's hanmer, we have When Hobbes the philosopher was lying on first wielded it, like that of Thor, to knock down his deathbed, and consulted as to what inscrip- our enemies; and secondly, like that of the auction was to be placed on his tombstone, he re- tioneer, to knock down our goods to the best plied, with a smile, " The Philosopher's Stone.” bidder. Holt
, speaking of the wonderful increase and riches of commercial cities, says,
IN MEDIO TUTISSIMUS IBIS. “ 'This is the true Philosopher's Stone, so much sought after in former ages, the discovery mind, is the best adapted to the wear and tear
The average standard, whether of body or of which has been reserved to genius when stu- of life. Tall men must often stoop, if they wish dying to improve the mechanic arts. Hence a pound of raw materials is converted into stuffs stand on tiptoe if they desire to see as much as
to avoid knocking their heads-short ones must of fifty times its original value. And the metals their neighbors. Great intellects are ever extoo are not indeed transmuted into gold-they posed to injury by knocking against the angles are more: for the labor of man has been ena of some narrow prejudice, little ones are liable bled to work the haser metal by the ingenuity to be squeezed or trampled upon by their larger of art, so as to become worth many times more minded fellow-mortals: “Even if you think like than its weight in gold.”
the wise," says Roger Ascham, "you should speak like the common people."
Distinguished talent excites envy-mediocrity
throws nobody into the shade, and therefore ap'Tis true his lips had never
peals to the sympathies of every body. Horace,
Mediocribus esse poetis
Non honines, non dii, non concessere columdæ.
But critics have granted it, for I myself have
been more than once lauded as if I had written Which I thought he meant to claim.
like Wordsworth or Bulwer. And why? Be
cause the praise of mediocrity is the surest way That heart as soon was broken
lo annoy the higher order of merit.
In reproach of him I loved.
AURIFEROUS SAND.-At a late meeting of the
Academy of Sciences, a communication from Prince I fondly sigh'd—God bless him !
Demidoff was made, on the rapid extension of the With my last forgiving breath.
extraction of gold from the auriferous sands of the Russian Empire. The prince states that those of
Siberia alone yielded in 1842 more than 10,000 kiloThe ambition of excelling all the world in our grammes of gold, representing the value of fifteen manufactures sounds in the first instance very mass of gold, weighing 35 kilogrammes, and worth
A NEW SONG TO THE OLD TUNE.
million of francs. It will be remembered that a much like the
120,000 francs, was found in Siberia last year. Meanness that soars, and pride that licks the dust;
his children, though he did not follow it up OLIVER CROMWELL'S LETTERS TO HIS
in his own conduct. FAMILY.
The first letter I will quote is one to his From the Christian Observer.
cousin, Mrs. St. Johns, dated from Ely, Oc
tober 13, 1638: In your Review last month of Mr. Rob.
DEAR Cousin-I thankfully acknowledge erts's Collection of Letters, you observe your love in your kind remembrance of me upon that private confidential letters are often ihis oppor:unity. Alas! you do too highly prize among the best exponents of dark passage: my lines and my company. I may be ashamed of history; as showing the characters of to own your expressions, considering how unmen, and the secret springs of action. i profitable I am, and the mean improvement of am reminded, by this remark, to inquire what he hath done for my soul, in this I am con
talent. Yet, to honor my God by declaring how far the letters of Oliver Cromwell to fident, and I will be so. Truly then, this I find, his family may be considered as illustrating that he giveth springs in a dry and barren wilhis real feelings and opinions. His public derness, where no water je. I live (you know letters have been generally regarded as so where) in Meseck, which they say signifies prodeeply tinctured with hypocrisy, in order longing; in Kedar, which signifies blackness; to promote his purposes of ambition, that yet the Lord forsaketh me not. Though He do it is impussible to say what portions of tabernacle, to his resting-place. My soul is with
prolong, yet He will (1 trust) bring me to his them, or whether any, express his genuine the congregation of the first born; my body rests sentiments in matters of religion. His in hope; and, if here I may honor my God, either character, view it how we may, is singu- by doing or suffering, I shall be most glad. larly paradoxical; but I cannot think he Truly no poor creature hath more cause 10 put was altogether acting a part. He had been forth himself in the cause of his God than 1. I early conversant with Scriptural truth, and have had plentiful wages beforehand; and I am
sure I shall never earn the least mile. The his conscience reproached him with not Lord accept me in his Son, and give me to walk living up to his convictions. The religious in the light; and give us to walk in the light, as phraseology which he adopted was the cus- He in the light: He it is that enlighteneth our tomary language of the Puritans, among blackness, our darkness. I dare not say He hideth whom he was educated, being partly de- His face from me, He giveth me to see light in rived from the words of Holy Writ, but His light. One beam in a dark place haih exmixed up with quaint phrases, which
ceeding much refreshment in it; blessed be His
gave it a motley character. His customary use You know what manner of life mine hath been.
name for shining upon so dark a heart as mine. of it tells not much either way in regard to Oh! I lived in and loved darkness, and hated his real character or opinions; for he might the light. I was a chief, the chief, of sinners. employ it from habit, or intentionally and This is true: I hated Godliness, yet God had cons:ientiously, or as a cloak of hypocrisy. mercy on me. O the riches of His mercy! praise Upon recently perusing the mass of doci. Him for me, pray for me, that He who hath bements in the forgotten—and never much in a good work, would perfect it to the day of
Christ. Salute all my good friends in that famknown-heavy quarto volume of bis Me. ily whereof you are yet a member. I am much moirs, “illustrated by original letters and bound unto them for their love; I bless the Lord other family papers, by the late Oliver for them, and that my son, by their procurement, Cromwell, one of bis descendants, it seemed is so well
. Let him have your prayers, your to me difficult to believe that he could, from counsel: let me have them. first to last, in private as well as public, and
Salute your husband and sister from me: he during a long series of years, have been about Mr. Wrath, of Epping, but as yet I re
is not a man of his word; be promised to write habitually dissembling. His inconsistenceived no letters: put him in mind to do what cies and crimes must, I think, be accounted with conveniency may be done for the poor coufor upon some other principle. It may not sin I did solicit him about. Once more farewell; be uninteresting to your readers to peruse the Lord be with you ; so prayeth a few of his letters to his relatives, espe.
Your truly loving cousin, cially his children, some of them copied by
OLIVER CROMWELL. his descendant from the originals in the
My wife's service and love presented to all her
friends. possession of the family. These letters place him in a different light to that in The following letter to bis wife is from which he is generally represented in the the original in the Harleian collection in historic page; but instead of clearing uphe British Museum. It is dated Edinburgh, the anomalies of his life, they render them May 3, 1651: the more inexplicable; unless upon the hy. My Dearest-I could not satissy myself 10 pothesis that he knew and approved whai omit this post, although I have not much to was right, and wished to impress it upon I write; yet indeed I love to write to my dear, who is very much in my heart. It joys me to | upon me to give him (in love) the best council I hear thy soul prospereth; the Lord increase his may; and know not how better to convey it to favors to thee more and more. The great good him than by so good a hand as yours. thy soul can wish is, that the Lord lift upon thee Sir, I pray you acquaint him with these the light of His countenance, which is better thoughts of mine; and remember my love to my than life. The Lord bless all thy good counsel daughter, for whose sake I shall be induced to do and example to those about thee, and hear all any reasonable thing. I pray for her happy dethy prayers, and accept thee always. I am glad liverance, frequently and earnestly. to hear thy son and daughter are with thee. I
The next letter is one from Cromwell to hope thou wilt have some good opportunity of good advice to him. Present my duty to my his daughter Ireton, from the original in the mother; my love to all the family. Still pray British Museum. The date is London, Ocfor thine
0. CROMWELL. tober 25, 1646 : The following is addressed to Mr. Major, band, partly to avoid trouble, for one line of
Dear DaughteR.--I write not to thy huswhose daughter had married Cromwell's mine begets many of his, which I doubt not son. It is taken from a copy in the posses. makes him sit up ioo late; partly because I am sion of the Cromwell family. The date is myself indisposed at this time, having some othNewbury, July 27, 16+9 :
er considerations. Your friends at Ely are well; I hear my son hath exceeded his allowance, cised with some perplexed thoughts: she sees
your sister Claypole is (1 trust in mercy) exerand is in debt: truly I cannot commend him her own vanity and carnal mind, bewailing it; therein; wisdom requiring his living within she seeks after (as I hope also) that which will compass, and calling for it at his hands; and in satisfy, and thus to be a seeker is to be of the my judgment the reputation arising from thence best sect next a finder; and such a one shall would have been more real honor than what is
every faithful humble seeker be at the end. attained the other way. I believe vain men will Happy seeker, happy finder. Who ever tasted speak well of him that does ill. I desire to be that the Lord is gracious, without some sense understood, that I gruilge him not laudable re of self-vanity and badness? Who ever tasted creations, nor an honorable carriage of himself that graciousness of His and could go less in in them; nor is any matter of charge likely to desire, and less than pressing after full enjoyfall to my share, or stick with me. Truly, I can ment? Dear heart, press on ; let nol husband, find in my heart to allow him, not only a suffi- let not any thing, cool thy affections after Christ
. ciency, but more, for his good; but if pleasure I hope he will be an occasion to inflame them. and self-satisfaction be made the business of a That which is best worthy of love in thy husman's life, so much co:t laid out upon it, so much band, is that of the image of Christ he bears: lime spent in it, as rather answers appetite than look on that and love it best, and all the rest for the will of God, or is comely before his saints, 1 that. I pray for thee and him; do so for me, scruple to feed this humor; and God forbid that My service and dear affections to the General his being my son should be his allowance to live and Generaless. I hear she is very kind to not pleasingly to our Heaven'y Father, who hath thee; it adds to all other obligations. My love raised me out of the dust to what I am. I desire
to all. I am thy dear father, your faithfulness (he being also your concern
OLIVER CROMWELL. ment as well as mine) to advise him to approve himself to the Lord in his course of life, and to The following is a copy of another orisearch his slatutes for a rule to conscience, and ginal letter in the possession of the family, to seek grace from Christ to enable him to walk dated August 13, 1649, and adressed, “For therein. This hath life in it, and will come to
beloved daughter Dorothy Cromwell somewhat; what is a poor creature without this? This will not abridge of lawful pleasures, but (Richard Cromwell's wise), at Horslye, teach such a use of them as will have the
these :" of a good conscience going along with it. Sir, 1 My Dear Daughter, -Your letter was very write what is in my heart; I pray you commu- welcome to me; I like to see any thing from nicate my mind herein to my son, and be his re- your hand, because indeed I stick not to say I membrancer in these things. Truly, I love him; fuo entirely love you; and therefore I hope a he is dear to me, so is his wife ; and for their word of advice will not be unwelcome or unacsakes do I thus write. They shall not want com- ceptable to thee. I desire you both to make it fort nor encouragement from me, so far as I may above all things your business to seek the Lord: afford it; but indeed I cannot think I do well io to be frequently calling upon him that he would feed a voluptuous humor in my son, if he should manifest himself to you in his Son, and be lisinake pleasures the business oi' his life, in a time tening what returns he makes to you; for be when some precious saints are bleeding and will be speaking in your ear and in your heart breathing out their last for the good and safety if you attend thereunto. I desire you to proof the rest. Memorable is the speech of Urijah voke your husband likewise thereunto. As for to David, 2 Chron. xi.
the pleasures of this life and outward business, Sir, I beseech you believe I here say not this let that be upon the by: be above all these to save my purse, for I shall willingly do what things by faith in Christ, and then you shall is convenient to satisfy his occasions, as I have have the true use and comfort of them, and not opportunity; but as I pray he may not walk in a otherwise. I have much satisfaction in hope course not pleasing to the Lord, so think it lieth I your spirit is this way set; and I desire you may