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any speech or debate, in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.
25. No Senator or Representative shall, during the term for which he was elected, nor for one year thereafter, be appointed or elected to any civil office of profit under this commonwealth, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been in creased, during the time such Senator or Representative was in office, except to such offices or appointments as may be made or filled by the elections of the people.
26. No person, while he continues to exercise the functions of a clergyman, priest, or teacher of any religious persuasion, society, or sect: nor whilst he holds or exercises any office of profit under this commonwealth, shall be eligible to the General Assembly; except attorneys-at-law, justices of the peace and militia officers: Provided, that justices of the Courts of Quarter Sessions shall be ineligible so long as any compensation may be allowed them for their services : Provided, also, that attorneys for the commonwealth, who receive a fixed annual salary from the public treasury, shall be ineligible.
27. No person who at any time may have been a collector of taxes for the State, or the assistant or deputy of such collector, shall be eligible to the General Assembly until he shall have obtained a quietus for the amount of such collection, and for all public moneys for which he may be responsible.
28. No bill shall have the force of a law until on three several days it be read over in each house of the General Assembly, and free discussion allowed theron ; unless, in cases of urgency, four-fifths of the house where the bill shall be depending, may deem it expedient to dispense with this rule.
29. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives ; but the Senate may propose amendments, as in other bills : Provided, that they shall not introduce any new matter, under the color of an amendment, which does not relate to raising a revenue.
30. The General Assembly shall regulate, by law, by whom and in what manner writs of election shall be issued to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof.
shall be equal and highest in votes, the election shall be determined by lot, in such manner as the Legislature may direct.
3. The Governor shall be ineligible for the succeeding seven years after the expiration of the time for which he shall have been elected.
4. He shall be at least thirty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, and have been an inhabitant of this State at least six years next preceding his election.
5. He shall commence the execution of his office on the fourth Tuesday succeeding the day of the commencement of the general election on which he shall be chosen, and shall continue in the execution thereof until the end of four weeks next succeeding the election of his successor, and until his successor shall have taken the oaths or affirmations prescribed by this Constitution.
6. No member of Congress, or person holding any office under the United States, nor minister of any religious society, shall be eligible to the office of Governor.
7. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the term for which he shall have been elected.
8. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this commonwealth, and of the militia thereof, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States; but he shall not command personally in the field, unless he shall be advised so to do by a resolution of the General Assembly.
9. He shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint all officers whose offices are established by this Constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for: provided, that no person shall be so appointed to an office within any county, who shall not have been a citizen and inhabitant therein one year next before his appointment, if the county shall have been so long erected, but if it shall not have been so long erected, then within the limits of the county or counties from which it shall have been taken: provided, also, that the county courts be authorized by law to appoint inspectors, collectors, and their deputies, surveyors of the highways, constables, jailers, and such other inferior officers, whose jurisdiction may be confined within the limits of a county.
10. The Governor shall have power to fill up vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of the next session.
. 11. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, grant reprieves and pardons, except in cases of impeachment. In cases of treason, he shall have power to grant reprieves until the end of the next session of the General Assembly; in which the power of pardoning shall be vested.
12. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.
Assembly, it shall be the duty of the Secretary, for the time being, to convene the Senate for the purpose of choosing a Speaker.
23. An Attorney-General, and such other attorneys for the conimonwealth as may be necessary, shall be appointed, whose duty shall be regulated by law. Attorneys for the commonwealth, for the seve ral counties, shall be appointed by the respective courts having juris diction therein.
24. A Secretary shall be appointed and commissioned during the term for which the Governor shall have been elected, if he shall so long bebave himself well. He shall keep a fair register, and attest all the official acts and proceedings of the Governor, and shall, when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers rela tive thereto, before either house of the General Assembly, and shall perform such other duties as may be enjoined him by law.
25. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall be presented to the Governor: if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large upon the journal, and proceed to re-consider it; if, after such re-consideration, à majority of all the members elected to that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall be likewise considered, and if approved by a ma jority of all the members elected to that house, it shall be a law; but in such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively; if any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the General Assembly by their adjournment prevent its return; in which case it shall be a law, unless sent back within three days after their next meeting.
26. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of both houses may be necessary, except on a question of adjournment. shall be presented to the Governor, and before it shall take effect, be approved by him; or being disapproved, shall be re-passed, by a majority of all the members elected to both houses, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill.
27. Contested elections for a Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall be determined by a committee to be selected from both houses of he General Assembly, and formed and regulated in such manner as shall be directed by law.
28. The freemen of this commonwealth (negroes, mulattoes, and Indians excepted) shall be armed and disciplined for its defense. Those who conscientiously scruple to bear arms shall not be compelled to do so, but shall pay an equivalent for personal service.
29. The commanding officers of the respective regiments shall appoint the regimental staff; brigadier-generals their brigade-majors;
major-generals their aids; and captains the non-commissioned officers of their companies.
30. A majority of the field-officers and captains in each regiment shall nominate the commissioned officers in each company, who shall be commissioned by the Governor : Provided, that no nomination shall be made, unless two at least of the field-offcers are present; and when two or more persons have an equal and the highest number of votes, the field-officer present, who may be highest in commission, shall decide the nomination.
31. Sheriffs shall hereafter be appointed in the following manner : when the time of a sheriff for any county may be about to expire, the county court for the same, a majority of all its justices being present, shall, in the months of September, October, or November, next preceding thereto, recommend to the Governor two proper persons to fill the office, who are then justices of the county court; and who shall in such recommendation pay a just regard to seniority in office and a regular rotation. One of the persons so recommended shall be commissioned by the Governor, and shall hold his office for two years, if he so long behave well, and until a successor be duly qualified. If the county courts shall omit, in the months aforesaid, to make such recommendation, the Governor shall then nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint a fit person to fill such office.