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majority, then, from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice-president; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of senators; and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of vice-president of the United States.

ARTICLE XIII. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Sect. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

ARTICLE XIV. SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Sect. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States, according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for president and vice-president of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crimes, the basis of representation shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens, twenty-one years of age, in such State.

Sect. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of president and vice-president, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States or under any State, who having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each house remove such disability.

Sect. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States, nor any State, shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Sect. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation the provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XV. SECTION 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

SECT. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.



Absolute governments, 25.

Challenge of jurors, 189.
Actions-at-law, parties to, 184; civil, Charles I., 65, 66, 71.

184, 191; criminal, 184, 185. | Charles II., 67, 71, 84, 96, 113, 135.
Act of supremacy, 63; of unifor Checks upon governments, 27.
mity, 63.

Citizen defined, 46.
Administration of estates, 178. City charter, 214; council, 215;
Admiralty jurisdiction, 285.

officers elected, 215, 216; solicitor,
Admission of States to Union, 271. 216; physician, 216; ordinances,
Alaska, 270.

217; list of in Massachusetts, 218.
Albany convention, 228.

Civil liberty, 38, 40.
Aldermen, 215, 217.

Civil war in England, 66.
Aliens, 46.

Clerk of courts, 180.
Anglo-Saxons, 55.

Clerk of towns, 204.
Appeal, 188.

Coining money in United States,
Aristocracy, 25.

Ariny of United States, 266. Colonial claims, 140.
Arraignment, 187.

Commerce, power of Congress con-
Assessors of taxes, 205.

cerning, 260.
Attachinent, 191.

Committees of political parties,
Attorney-general of Massachusetts, 222.

Committees of correspondence, 229.
Attorneys, 180, 181.

Commonwealth in Great Britain,
Auditor of Massachusetts, 166 67, 71.
Bankrupt laws, 262.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
Bill of Rights, English, 68, 151; of 152.
Massachusetts, 151.

Complaint, 185.
Board of education, 168; of agri- Confederation, formation, 232; na-

culture, 169; of health, 169; of ture, 233; Congress, 233; executive
State charities, 170.

business, 234; finances, 234; de-
Boroughs in England, 59.

fects, 234.
Borrowing inoney, power of Con-Conferences, early colonial, 227.
gress, 260

| Congress, a, 248; colonial, 229; con-
Cabinet officers, 280.

tinental, 230, 231; under the con-
California, 270.

federation, 233.
Carolina colonies, proprietors, 135; Congress of the United States, 243;

settlements, 135; grand model, general provisions respecting, 247;
135; religion, 136; elections, 136; quorum, 247; oaths, 248; prohibi-
royal governments, 136.

tions, 248; sessions, 248; salary,
Caucus, 222, 223.

249; committees, 249; form a com
Census of Massachusetts, 152.

promiso, 250; powers, 258.

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