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what to excuse, I am altogether ignorant. doubt not (whatever the world may think Whereas you send unto me, (willing me to of me,) mine innocence shall be openly confess a truth, and to obtain your favour) | known, and sufficiently cleared. by such an one, whom you know to be mine My last and only request shall be, that ancient professed enemy, I no sooner re- myself may only bear the burden of your ceived this message by him, than I rightly grace's displeasure, and that it may not conceived your meaning; and if, as you say, touch the innocent souls of those poor genconfessing a truth indeed may procure my tlemen who (as I understand,) are likewise safety, I shall with all willingness and duty in straight imprisonment for my sake. If perform your command.

| ever I have found favour in your sight, if But let not your grace ever imagine, that ever the name of Ann Boleyn hath been your poor wife will ever be brought to pleasing in your ears, then let me obtain acknowledge a fault, where not so much this request, and I will so leave to trouble as a thought thereof proceeded. And to your grace any further, with mine earnest speak a truth, never prince had wife more prayers to the Trinity, to have your grace loyal in all duty, and in all true affection, in his good keeping, and to direct you in than you have ever found in Ann Boleyn: all your actions. From my doleful prison with which name and place I could wil- in the Tower, this sixth of May; your most lingly have contented myself, if God and loyal and ever faithful wife, your grace's pleasure had been so pleased.

ANN BOLEYN." Neither did I at any time so far forget myself in my exaltation, or received queenship, but that I always looked for such an | No. 398.7 Friday, June 6, 1712. alteration as I now find; for the ground of my preferment being on no surer founda Insanire pares certa ratione modoque. tion than your grace's fancy, the least al

Hor. Sat. ii. Lib. 2. 272 teration I knew was fit and sufficient to

-You'd be a fool, draw that fancy to some other object. You With art and wisdom, and be mad by rule. have chosen me from a low estate to be

Creech. your queen and companion, far beyond my CYNTHIO and Flavia are persons of disdesert or desire. If then you found me tinction in this town, who have been lovers worthy of such honour, good your grace, these ten months last past, and writ to each let not any light fancy, or bad counsel of other for gallantry sake under those feigned mine enemies, withdraw your princely fa- names; Mr. Such-a-one and Mrs. Such-a, vour from me; neither let that stain, that one not being capable of raising the soul unworthy stain of a disloyal heart towards out of the ordinary tracts and passages of your good grace, ever cast so foul a blot life, up to that elevation which makes the on your most dutiful wife, and the infant | life of the enamoured so much superior to princess your daughter. Try me, good king, that of the rest of the world. But ever but let me have a lawful trial, and let not since the beauteous Cecilia has made such my sworn enemies sit as my accusers and a figure as she now does in the circle of judges; yea, let me receive an open trial, charming women, Cynthio has been secretfor my truth shall fear no open slame; then | ly one of her adorers. Cecilia has been shall you see either mine innocence cleared, the finest woman in the town these three your suspicion and conscience satisfied, the months, and so long Cynthio has acted the ignominy and slander of the world stopped, part of a lover very awkwardly in the preor my guilt openly declared. So that, sence of Flavia. Flavia has been too blind whatever God or you may determine of me, towards him, and has too sincere a heart your grace may be freed from an open cen- of her own to observe a thousand things sure; and mine offence being so lawfully which would have discovered this change proved, your grace is at liberty, both before of mind to any one less engaged than she God and man, not only to execute worthy was. Cynthio was musing yesterday in the punishment on me as an unlawful wife, but piazza in Covent-garden, and was saying to to follow your affection, already settled on himself that he was a very ill man to go on in that party, for whose sake I am now as I visiting and professing love to Flavia, when ain, whose name I could some good while his heart was enthralled to another. It is since have pointed unto your grace, not an infirmity that I am not constant to Flabeing ignorant of my suspicion therein. vja; but it would be a still greater crime,

But if you have already determined of since I cannot continue to love her, to prome, and that not only my death, but an in- fess that I do. To marry a woman with famous slander must bring you the enjoying the coldness that usually indeed comes on of your desired happiness; then I desire of after marriage, is ruining one's self with God, that he will pardon your great sin one's eyes open; besides, it is really doing therein, and likewise mine enemies, the in- her an injury. This last consideration, forstruments thereof; and that he will not call sooth, of injuring her in persisting, made you to a strict account for your unprincely him resolve to break off upon the first and cruel usage of me, at his general judg- favourable opportunity of making her anment seat, where both you and myself must gry. When he was in this thought, he shortly appear, and in whose judgment Il saw Robin the porter, who waits at Will's Vol. II,


coffee-house, passing by. Robin, you must | DEAR CYNTHI0,--I have walked a turn know, is the best man in the town for car- or two in my ante-chamber since I writ to rying a billet; the fellow has a thin body, you, and have recovered myself from an swift step, demure looks, sufficient sense, impertinent fit which you ought to forgive and knows the town. This man carried me, and desire you would come to me imCynthio's first letter to Flavia, and, by fre- mediately to laugh off a jealousy that you quent errands ever since, is well known to and a creature of the town went by in a her. The fellow covers his knowledge of hackney-coach an hour ago. I am your the nature of his messages with the most your humble servant, FLAVIA. exquisite low humour imaginable. The first he obliged Flavia to take, was by complain

I will not open the letter which my ing to her that he had a wife and three

Cynthio writ upon the misapprehension children, and if she did not take that letter,

you must have been under, when you writ, which he was sure there was no harm in,

for want of hearing the whole circumbut rather love, his family must go supper

stance.' less to bed, for the gentleman would pay Robin came back in an instant, and Cynhim according as he did his business. Robin, thio answered: therefore, Cynthio now thought fit to make

Half an hour six minutes after three, use of, and gave him orders to wait before Flavia's door, and if she called him to her,

June 4, Will's coffee-house.

I'Madam,—It is certain I went by your and asked whether it was Cynthio who i

10 lodgings with a gentlewoman to whom I passed by, he should at first be loth to own it was, but upon importunity confess it.

have the honour to be known; she is indeed There needed not much search into that

my relation, and a pretty sort of a woman. part of the town to find a well-dressed

But your starting manner of writing, and hussey fit for the purpose Cynthio designed

owning you have not done me the honour

so much as to open my letter, has in it her. As soon as he believed Robin was posted, he drove by Flavia's lodgings in a

something very unaccountable, and alarms

one that has had thoughts of passing his hackney-coach, and a woman in it. Robin

| days with you. But I am born to admire was at the door, talking with Flavia's maid, and Cynthio pulled up the glass as sur

you with all your little imperfections.

*CYNTHIO.' prised, and hid his associate. The report of this circumstance soun flew up stairs, Robin ran back and brought for answer: and Robin could not deny but the gentleman favoured* his master; yet, if it was he,

Exact sir, that are at Will's coffeehe was sure the lady was but his cousin, house, six minutes after three, June 4; one whom he had seen ask for him: adding that has had thoughts, and all my little imthat he believed she was a poor relation; I perfections. Sir, come to me immediately, because they made her wait one morning or I shall determine what may perhaps not till he was awake. Flavia immediately writ be very pleasing to you, FLAVIA.' the following epistle, which Robin brought | Robin cave an account that she looked to Will's.

excessive angry when she gave him the

• June 4, 1712. I SIR,- It is in vain to deny it, basest, in

| letter; and that he told her, for she asked,

I that Cynthio only looked at the clock, takfalsest of mankind; my maid, as well as the

ling snuff, and writ two or three words on bearer, saw you. The injured


the top of the letter when he gave him his.

| Now the plot thickened so well, as that After Cynthio had read the letter, he Cynthio saw he had not much more to acasked Robin how she looked, and what she complish, being irreconcilably banished: he said at the delivery of it. Robin said she writ, spoke short to him, and called him back

MADAM, -I have that prejudice in faagain, and had nothing to say to him, and

vour of all you do, that it is not possible for bid him and all the men in the world go out, of her sight; but the maid followed, and bid

you to determine upon what will not be him bring an answer.

very pleasing to your obedient servant,

CYNTHIO." Cynthio returned as follows:

This was delivered, and the answer re"June 4, Three afternoon, 1712.

turned, in a little more than two seconds. Madam,—That your maid and the bearer have seen me very often is very 'SIR,_Is it come to this? You never certain; but I desire to know, being engaged loved me, and the creature you were with at piquet, what your letter means by 'tis is the properest person for your associate. in vain to deny it.” I shall stay here all I despise you, and hope I shall soon hate the evening. Your amazed

| you as a villain to the credulous CYNTHIO.'

FLAVIA.' As soon as Robin arrived with this, Flavia Robin ran back with: answered:

• MadaM,Your credulity when you are * Resembled.

| to gain your point, and suspicion when you


fear to lose it, make it a very hard part to much insisted upon, I shall but just mention behave as becomes your humble slave, them, since they have been handled by

CYNTHIO, many great and eminent writers. Robin whipt away and returned with,

I would therefore propose the following

methods to the consideration of such as • MR. WELLFORD,-Flavia and Cynthio

would find out their secret faults, and make are no more. I relieve you from the hard | a true estimate of themselves. part of which you complain, and banish In the first place, let them consider well you from my sight for ever.

what are the characters which they bear “ANN HEART.'

among their enemies. Our friends very Robin had a crown for his afternoon's often Aatter us, as much as our own hearts. work; and this is published to admonish

They either do not see our faults, or conCecilia to avenge the injury done to Flavia, ceal them from us, or soften them by their

representations, after such a manner that we think them too trivial to be taken notice

of. An adversary, on the contrary, makes No. 399.] Saturday, June 7, 1712, a stricter search into us, discovers every

flaw and imperfection in our tempers; and Ut nemo in sese tentat descendere!- Per. Sat. iv. 23. though his malice may set them in too strong None, none descends into himself to find

a light, it has generally some ground for The secret imperfections of his mind. Dryden. I what it advances. A friend exaggerates a

HYPOCRISY at the fashionable end of the man's virtues, an enemy inflames his crimes. town is very different from hypocrisy in the A wise man should give a just attention to city. The modish hypocrite endeavours to both of them, so far as they may tend to the appear more vicious than he really is, the improvement of one, and the diminution of other kind of hypocrite more virtuous, The the other. Plutarch has written an essay on former is afraid of every thing that has the the benefits which a man may receive from show of religion in it, and would be thought his enemies, and, among the good fruits of engaged in many criminal gallantries and enmity, mentions this in particular, that by amours which he is not guilty of. The lat- the reproaches which it casts upon us we ter assumes a face of sanctity, and covers a see the worst side of ourselves, and open multitude of vices under a seeming religious our eyes to several blemishes and defects ir. deportment. .

our lives and conversations, which we But there is another kind of hypocrisy, should not have observed without the help which differs from both these, and which I of such ill-natured monitors. intend to make the subject of this paper: IIn order likewise to come at a true knowmean that hypocrisy, by which a man does | ledge of ourselves, we should consider on not only deceive the world, but very often the other hand how far we may deserve the imposes on himself: that hypocrisy which praises and approbations which the world conceals his own heart from him, and makes bestow upon us; whether the actions they him believe he is more virtuous than he celebrate proceed from laudable and worthy really is, and either not attend to his vices, motives; and how far we are really posor mistake even his vices for virtues. It is sessed of the virtues which gain us applause this fatal hypocrisy, and self-deceit, which among those with whom we converse. Such is taken notice of in those words. Who a reflection is absolutely necessary, if we can understand his errors? cleanse thou me consider how apt we are either to value or from secret faults.'

condemn ourselves by the opinions of others, If the open professors of impiety deserve and to sacrifice the report of our own hearts the utmost application and endeavours of to the judgment of the world. moral writers to recover them from vice In the next place, that we may not deand folly, how much more may those lay a ceive ourselves in a point of so much imclaim to their care and compassion, who portance, we should not lay too great a are walking in the paths of death, while stress on any supposed virtues we possess they fancy themselves engaged in a course that are of a doubtful nature: and such we of virtue! I shall endeavour therefore to lay may esteem all those in which multitudes down some rules for the discovery of those of men dissent from us, who are as good and vices that lurk in the secret corners of the wise as ourselves. We should always act soul, and to show my reader those methods with great cautiousness and circumspection by which he may arrive at a true and im- in points where it is not impossible that partial knowledge of himself. The usual we may be deceived. Intemperate zeal, means prescribed for this purpose are to bigotry, and persecution for any party or examine ourselves by the rules which are opinion, how praise-worthy soever they laid down for our direction in sacred writ, may appear to weak men of our own prinand to compare our lives with the life of ciples, produce infinite calamities among that person who acted up to the perfection mankind, and are highly criminal in their of human nature, and is the standing ex- own nature: and yet how many persons ample, as well as the great guide and in- eminent for piety suffer such monstrous and structor, of those who receive his doctrines.absurd principles of action to take root in Though these two heads cannot be tool their minds under the colour of virtues! For my own part, I must own I never yet Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,

Between declining virtue and desire, knew any party so just and reasonable, that

That the poor vanquish'd maid dissolves away a man could follow it in its height and vio In dreams all night, in sighs and tears all day.' lence, and at the same time be innocent. We should likewise be very apprehensive

This prevailing gentle art was made up of those actions which proceed from natural

of complaisance, courtship, and artful conconstitutions, favourite passions, particular

warformity to the modesty of a woman's maneducation, or whatever promotes our world

ja ners, 'Rusticity, broad expression and forly interest or advantage. In these and the

ward obtrusion, offend those of education, like cases, a man's judgment is easily per

and make the transgressors odious to all verted, and a wrong bias hung upon his

who have merit enough to attract regard. mind. These are the inlets of prejudice, /

It is in this taste that the scenery is so the unguarded avenues of the mind, by

beautifully ordered in the description which which a thousand errors and secret faults

| Antony makes in the dialogue between him find admission, without being observed or

and Dolabella, of Cleopatra in her barge. taken notice of. A wise man will suspect Her galley down the silver Cidnos row'd: those actions to which he is directed by

The tackling silk, the streamers wav'd with gold:

The gentle winds were lodg'd in purple sails; something besides reason, and always ap

Her nymphs, like Nereids, round her couch were placed prehend some concealed evil in every reso Where she, another sea.born Venus, lay; lution that is of a disputable nature, when

She lay, and lean'd her cheek upon her hand,

And cast a look so languishingly sweet, it is conformable to his particular temper,

Asif, secure of all beholders' hearts, his age, or way of life, or when it favours Neglecting she could take them. Boys, like Cupids, his pleasure or bis profit.

Stood fanning with their painted wings the winds There is nothing of greater importance to

That play'd about her face; but if she smil'd,

A darting glory seem'd to blaze abroad, us than thus diligently to sift our thoughts, That men's desiring eyes were never weary'd, and examine all these dark recesses of the But hung upon the object. To soft fluteg

The silver oars kept time; and while they play'd mind, if we would establish our souls in

The bearing gave new pleasure to the sight; such a solid and substantial virtue, as will And both to thought turn to account in that great day when it | must stand the test of infinite wisdom and

Here the imagination is warmed with all justice.

the objects presented, and yet there is noI shall conclude this essay with observing

thing that is luscious, or what raises any that the two kinds of hypocrisy I have here

idea more loose than that of a beautiful spoken of, namely, that of deceiving the

woman set off to advantage. The like, or a world, and that of imposing on ourselves,

more delicate and careful spirit of modesty, are touched with wonderful beauty in the

appears in the following passage in one of hundred and thirty-ninth psalm. The folly

Mr. Phillips's pastorals. of the first kind of hypocrisy is there set Breathe soft, ye winds! ye waters, gently flow! forth by reflections on God's omniscience

Shield her, ye trees ! ye flowers, around her grow!

Ye swains, I beg you pass in silence by! and omnipresence, which are celebrated in

My love in yonder vale asleep does lie. as noble strains of poetry as any other I ever met with, either sacred or profane.

Desire is corrected when there is a tenThe other kind of hypocrisy, whereby a

derness or admiration expressed which parman deceives himself, is intimated in the two last verses, where the psalmist ad., something brutal in it, which disgraces dresses himself to the great Searcher of humanity, and leaves us in the condition of hearts in that emphatical petition: *Try

the savages in the field. But it may be me, O God! and seek the ground of my

asked, To what good use can tend a disheart; prove me, and examine my thoughts.

course of this kind at all? It is to alarm Look well if there be any way of wicked

chaste ears against such as have, what is ness in me, and lead me in the way ever

above called, the prevailing gentle art." lasting.'

Masters of that talent are capable of clothing their thoughts in so soft a dress, and

something so distant from the secret purNo. 400.] Monday, June 9, 1712. pose of their heart, that the imagination of - Latet anguis in herba.–Virg. Ed iii. 93.

the unguarded is touched with a fondness, There's a snake in the grass.-English Proverb.

which grows too insensibly to be resisted. It should, methinks, preserve modesty

Much care and concern for the lady's wel

fare, to seem afraid lest she should be anand its interests in the world, that the transgression of it always creates offence; and

noyed by the very air which surrounds her,

and this uttered rather with kind looks, the very purposes of wantonness are defeated by a carriage which has in it so

and expressed by an interjection, an “ah,'

or an 'oh,' at some little hazard in moving much boldness, as to intimate that fear and reluctance are quite extinguished in an ob

or making a step, than in any direct project which would be otherwise desirable,

fession of love, are the methods of skilful It was said of a wit of the last age,

admirers. They are honest arts when their

purpose is such, but infamous when misap• Sedley has that prevailing gentle art, Which can with a resistless charm impart The loosest wishes to the chastest heart;

• Dryden's All for Love, act iii. sc. L.

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plied. It is certain that many a young | have, though a tolerable good philosopher; woman in this town has had her heart irre- but a low opinion of Platonic love: for coverably won, by men who have not made which reason I thought it necessary to give one advance which ties their admirers, my fair readers a caution against it, having, though the females languish with the utmost to my great concern, observed the waist anxiety. I have often, by way of admoni- of a Platonist lately swell to a roundness tion to my female readers, given them which is inconsistent with that philosophy: warning against agreeable company of the other sex, except they are well acquainted with their characters. Women may disguise it if they think fit; and the more to do No. 401.] Triesday, June 10, 1712. it, they may be angry at me for saying it; but I say it is natural to them, that they In amore hæc omnia insunt vitia. Injuriæ,

Suspiciones inimitiæ, induciæ. have no manner of approbation of men,

Helly Bellum, pax rursum. Ter. Eun. Act i. Sc. 1. without some degree of love. For this rea

4 It is the capricious state of love, to be attended with son he is dangerous to be entertained as a injuries, suspicions, enmities, truces, quarrelling, and friend or visitant, who is capable of gaining reconcilement. any eminent esteem or observation, tliough I SHALL publish for the entertainment of it be never so remote from pretensions as a this day, an odd sort of a packet, which I lover. If a man's heart has not the abhor- have just received from one of my female rence of any treacherous design, he may correspon

las correspondents. easily improve approbation into kindness, and kindness into passion. There may pos

MR. SPECTATOR,-Since you have often sibly be no manner of love between them in confessed that you are not displeased your the eyes of all their acquaintance; no, it is papers should sometimes convey the comall friendship, and yet they may be as fond plaints of distressed lovers to each other, I as shepherd and shepherdess, in a pastoral, am in hopes you will favour one who gives but still the nymph and the swain may be you an undoubted instance of her reformato each other, no other, I warrant you, than tion, and at the same time a convincing Pylades and Orestes.

proof of the happy influence your labourg

have had over the most incorrigible part When Lucy decks with flowers her swelling !

of the most incorrigible sex. Yor must And on her elbow leans. dissembling rest; Unable to refrain my madding mind,

know, sir, I am one of that species of woNor sheep nor pasture worth my care I find. men, whom you have often characterized Once Delia slept, on easy moss reclin'd,

under the name of “jilts," and that I send Her lovely limbs half bare, and rude the wind: you these lines as well to do public penance I smooth'd her coats, and stole a silent kiss :

for having so long continued in a known Condemn me, shepherds, if I did amiss.'

error, as to beg pardon of the party ofSuch good offices as these and such friend- fended. I the rather choose this way, bely thoughts and concerns for another, are cause it in some measure answers the terms what make up the amity, as they call it, on which he intimated the breach between between man and woman.

jus might possibly be made up, as you will It is the permission of such intercourse see by the letter he sent me the next day that makes a young woman come to the after I had discarded him; which I thought arms of her husband, after the disappoint fit to send you a copy of, that you might ment of four or five passions which she has the better know the whole case. successively had for different men, before she I must further acquaint you, that before is prudentially given to him for whom she I jilted him, there had been the greatest has neither love nor friendship. For what intimacy between us for a year and a half should a poor creature do that has lost all together, during all which time I cherished her friends? There's Marinet the agree- his hopes, and indulged his flame. I leave able has, to my knowledge, had a friend you to guess, after this, what must be his ship for lord Welford, which had like to surprise, when upon his pressing for my break her heart: then she had so great a full consent one day, I told him I wondered friendship for colonel Hardy, that she could what could make him fancy he had ever not endure any woman else should do any any place in my affections. "His own sex thing but rail at him. Many and fatal have allow him sense, and all ours good-breedbeen disasters between friends who have ing. His person is such as might, without fallen out, and these resentments are more vanity, make him believe himself not incakeen than ever those of other men can pos- pable of being beloved. Our fortunes, insibly be; but in this it happens unfortu- deed, weighed in the nice scale of interest, nately, that as there ought to be nothing are not exactly equal, which by the way concealed from one friend to another, the was the true cause of my jilting him; and I friends of different sexes very often find had the assurance to acquaint him with the fatal effects from their unanimity.

following maxim, that I should always beFor my part, who study to pass life in as lieve that man's passion to be the most much innocence and tranquillity as I can, I violent, who could offer me the largest setshun the company of agreeable women as tlement. I have since changed my opinion, much as possible; and must confess that I and have endeavoured to let him know so

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