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vered of a daughter, who died within a few myself; let him remember how awkward I hours after her birth. This accident, and was in my dissembled indifference towards the retired manner of life I led, gave cri- him before company; ask him how I, who minal hopes to a neighbouring brute of a could never conceal my love for him, at his country gentleman, whose folly was the own request can part with him for ever? Oh, source of all my affliction. This rustic is Mr. Spectator, sensible spirits know no inone of those rich clowns who supply the difference in marriage: what then do you want of all manner of breeding by the think is my piercing affliction? I leave neglect of it, and with noisy mirth, half un-you to represent my distress your own way, derstanding and ample fortune, force them- in which I desire you to be speedy, if you selves upon persons and things, without any have compassion for innocence exposed to sense of time or place. The poor ignorant infamy, .
OCTAVIA.' people where I lay concealed, and now passed for a widow, wondered I could be so shy and strange, as they called it, to the No. 323.] Tuesday, March 11, 1711-12. 'squire; and were bribed by him to admit him whenever he thought fit: I happened
--Modo vir, modo fæmina. Virg. to be sitting in a little parlour which be
Sometimes a man, sometimes a woman. longed to my own part of the house, and The journal with which I presented my musing over one of the fondest of my hus- reader on Tuesday last has brought me in band's letters, in which I always kept the several letters, with accounts of many pricertificate of my marriage, when this rude vate lives cast into that form. I have the fellow came in, and with the nauseous fami- 'Rake's Journal,' the “Sot's Journal,' the liarity of such unbred brutes snatched thel Whoremaster's Journal,' and, among sepapers out of my hand. I was immediately veral others, a very curious piece, entitled, under so great a concern, that I threw my-l'The Journal of a Mohock. By these inself at his feet, and begged of him to return stances, I find that the intention of my last them. He, with the same odious pretence Tuesday's paper has been mistaken by to freedom and gaiety, swore he would read many of my readers. I did not design so them. I grew more importunate, he more much to expose vice as idleness, and aimed curious, till at last, with an indignation at those persons who passed away their arising from a passion I then first disco-time rather in trifles and impertinence, vered in him, he threw the papers into the than in crimes and immoralities. Offences fire, swearing that since he was not to read of this latter kind are not to be dallied with, them, the man who writ them should never or treated in so ludicrous a manner. In be so happy as to have me read them over short, my journal only holds up folly to the again. It is insignificant to tell you my tears light, and shows the disagreeableness of and reproaches made the boisterous calf such actions as are indifferent in themleave the room ashamed and out of coun selves, and blameable only as they proceed tenance, when I had leisure to ruminate on from creatures endowed with reason. this accident with more than ordinary sor- My following correspondent, who calls row. However, such was then my confi-herself Clarinda, is such a journalist as I dence in my husband, that I writ to him require. She seems by her letter to be the misfortune, and desired another paper placed in a modish state of indifference beof the same kind. He deferred writing two tween vice and virtue, and to be susceptible or three posts, and at last answered me in of either, were there proper pains taken general, that he could not then send me with her. Had her journal been filled with what I asked for; but when he could find a gallantries, or such occurrences as had proper conveyance, I should be sure to have shown her wholly divested of her natural it. From this time his letters were more innocence, notwithstanding it might have cold every day than other, and, as he grew been more pleasing to the generality of indifferent I grew jealous. This has at last readers, I should not have published it: brought me to town, where I find both the but as it is only the picture of a life filled witnesses of my marriage dead, and that with a fashionable kind of gaiety and lazimy husband, after three month's cohabita- ness, I shall set down five days of it, as I tion, has buried a young lady whom he mar- have received it from the hand of my fair ried in obedience to his father. In a word correspondent. he shuns and disowns me. Should I come "DEAR MR. SPECTATOR,-You having to the house and confront him, the father set your readers an exercise in one of your would join in supporting him against me, last week's papers, I have performed mine though he believed my story; should I talk according to your orders, and herewith it to the world, what reparation can I ex- send it you enclosed. You must know, Mr. pect for an injury I cannot make out? I Spectator, that I am a maiden lady of a believe he means to bring me, through ne- good fortune, who have had several matches cessity, to resign my pretensions to him for offered me for these ten years last past, some provision for my life; but I will die and have at present warm applications first. Pray bid him remember what he said, made to me by 'a very pretty fellow.' As and how he was charmed when he laughed I am at my own disposal, I come up to at the heedless discovery I often made of town every winter, and pass my time in it
after the manner you will find in the follow-flowered handkerchief. Worked half a vio. ing journal, which I began to write the very let leaf in it. Eyes ached and head out of day after your Spectator upon that subjecti' order. Threw by my work, and read over
the remaining part of Aurengzebe. TUESDAY night. . Could not go to sleep
From three to four. Dined. till one in the morning for thinking of myl From four to twelve. Changed my mind. journal.
dressed, went abroad, and played at crimp WEDNESDAY. From eight till ten. Drank till midnight. Found Mrs. Spitely at home, two dishes of chocolate in bed, and fell Conversation: Mrs. Brilliant's necklace asleep after them.
false stones. Old lady Love-day going to From ten to eleven. Eat a slice of bread be married to a young fellow that is not and butter, drank a dish of bohea, and read worth a groat. Miss Prue gone into the the Spectator.
country. Tom Townly has red hair. Mem. From eleven to one. At my toilette; tried Mrs. Spitely whispered in my ear, that a new hood Gave orders for Veny to be she had something to tell me about Mr. combed and washed. Mem. I look best in Froth; I am sure it is not true. blue.
Between twelve and one. Dreamed that From one till half an hour after two. Mr. Froth lay at my feet, and called me Drove to the 'Change. Cheapened a cou- Indamora, ple of fans.
SATURDAY. Rose at eight o'clock in the Tiu four. At dinner. Mem. Mr. Froth morning. Sat down to my toilette. passed by in his new liveries. From four to six. Dressed: paid a visit to half an hour before I could determine it.
From eight to nine. Shifted a patch for old lady Blitle and her sister, having before Fixed it above my left eyebrow. heard they were gone out of town that day.
ay. From nine to twelve. Drank my tea, and
For From six to eleven. At basset. Mem. I dressed. Never set again upon the ace of diamonds. From twelve to two. At chapel. A great
THURSDAY. From eleven at night to deal of good company. Mem. The third eight in the morning. Dreamed that I air in the new opera. Lady Blithe dressed punted* to Mr. Froth.
frightfully, From eight to ten. Chocolate. Read two From three to four. Dined. Miss Kitty acts in Aurengzebe a-bed.
called upon me to go to the opera before I From ten to eleven. Tea-table. Sent to was risen from table. borrow lady Faddle's Cupid for Veny. From dinner to six. Drank tea. Turned Read the play-bills. Received a letter from off a footman for being rude to Veny. Mr. Froth. Mem. Locked it up in my Six o'clock. Went to the opera. I did strong box.
not see Mr. Froth till the beginning of the Rest of the morning. Fontange, the tire- second act.. Mr. Froth talked to a gentlewoman, her account of my lady Blithe's man in a black wig; bowed to a lady in the wash. Broke a tooth in my little tortoise- front box. Mr. Froth and his friend clapshell comb.
ped Nicolini in the third act. Mr. Froth Sent Frank to know how my lady Hectic cried out · Ancora.' Mr. Froth led me to rested after her monkey's leaping out at my chair. I think he squeezed my hand. window. Looked pale. Fontange tells me | Eleven at night. Went to bed. Melanmy glass is not true. Dressed by three. choly dreams. Methought Nicolini said he
From three to four, Dinner cold before was Mr. Froth. -
SUNDAY. Indisposed. Froth's opinion of Milton. His account of l. MONDAY. Eight o'clock. Waked by the Mohocks. His fancy of a pin-cushion. Miss Kitty, Aurengzebe lay upon the Picture in the lid of his snuff-box. Old lady chair by me. Kitty repeated without book Faddle promises me her woman to cut my the eight best lines in the play. Went in hair. Lost five guineas at crimp.
our mobst to the dumb man, according to Twelve o'clock at night. Went to bed. appointment. Told me that my lover's FRIDAY. Eight in the morning. A-bed.
a lname began with a G. Mem. The conjuRead over all Mr. Froth's letters. Cupid
ror $ was within a letter of Mr. Froth's Mr. Froth's letters. cupia name, &c. and Veny.
Ten o'clock. Stayed within all day, not Upon looking back into this my journal, at home.
I find that I am at a loss to know whether From ten to twelve. In conference with I pass my time well or ill; and indeed never my mantua-maker. Sorted a suit of ribands. thought of considering how I did it before I Broke my blue china cup.
| perused your speculation upon that subject. From twelve to one. "Shut myself up ini scarce find a single action in these five my chamber, practised lady Betty Mode-days that I can thoroughly approve of, ly's skuttle.
excepting the working upon the violet-leaf, One in the afternoon. Called for my which I am resolved to finish the first day
• A term in the game of basset.
A pace of affected precipitation VOL. II.
I A sort of dress go named.
I am at leisure. As for Mr. Froth and required in the members. In order to exert Veny, I did not think they took up so much this principle in its full strength and perof my time and thoughts as I find they do fection, they take care to drink themselves upon my journal. The latter of them I will to a pitch, that is, beyond the possibility turn off, if you insist upon it; and if Mr. of attending to any motions of reason or Froth does not bring matters to a conclu- humanity; then make a general sally, and sion very suddenly, I will not let my life attack all that are so unfortunate as to run away in a dream. Your humble ser- walk the streets through which they pavant,
CLARINDA,' trole. Some are knocked down, others To resume one of the morals of my first
stabbed, others cut and carbonadoed. To paper, and to confirm Clarinda in her good
put the watch to a total rout, and mortify inclinations, I would have her consider
some of those inoffensive militia, is reckonwhat a pretty figure she would make among
ed a coup d'eclat. The particular talents posterity, were the history of her whole
by which these misanthropes are distinfife published like these five days of it. 11
wil guished from one another, consist in the shall conclude my paper with an epitaph
various kinds of barbarities, which they written by an uncertain author on Sir Philip
execute upon the prisoners. Some are ceSydney's sister, a lady who seems to have
lebrated for a happy dexterity in tipping
the lion upon them; which is performed by been of a temper very much different from that of Clarinda. The last thought of it is so
squeezing the nose flat to the face, and very noble, that I dare say my reader will
boring out the eyes with their fingers.
Others are called the dancing-masters, and pardon me the quotation.
teach their scholars to cut capers by runON THE COUNTESS DOWAGER OF PEM ning swords through their legs; a new inBROKE.
vention, whether originally French I cannot Underneath this marble hearse
tell. A third sort are the tumblers, whose Lies the subject of all verse, "
office is to set women on their heads, and Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother:
commit certain indecencies, or rather barDeath, ere thou hast kill'd another, Fair and learn'd and good as she,
barities, on the limbs which they expose. Time shall throw a dart at thee.
But these I forbear to mention, because they cannot but be very shocking to the reader
as well as the Spectator. In this manner No. 324.] Wednesday, March 12, 1711-12.
they carry on a war against mankind; and
by the standing maxims of their policy, are O curvæ in terris animæ, et cælestium inanes!
Pers. Sat. ii. 61. to enter into no alliances but one, and that O souls, in whom no heavenly fire is found,
is offensive and defensive with all bawdyFlat minds, and ever grovelling on the ground!* houses in general, of which they have de
clared themselves protectors and guaranMR. SPECTATOR,—The materials you tees. have collected together towards a general I must own, sir, these are only broken, history of clubs, make so brighta part of your incoherent memoirs of this wonderful sospeculations, that I think it is but justice we ciety; but they are the best I have been yet all owe the learned world, to furnish you with able to procure: for, being but of late estasuch assistance as may promote that usefulblished, it is not ripe for a just history; and, work. For this reason I could not forbear to be serious, the chief design of this troucommunicating to you some imperfect in- ble is to hinder it from ever being so. You formations of a set of men (if you will allow have been pleased, out of a concern for the them a place in that species of being) who good of your countrymen, to act, under the have lately erected themselves into a noc- character of a Spectator, not only the turnal fraternity, under the title of the part of a looker-on, but an overseer of their Mohock-club, a name borrowed it seems actions; and whenever such enormities as from a sort of cannibals in India, who this infest the town, we immediately fly to subsist by plundering and devouring all you for redress. I have reason to believe, the nations about them. The president is that some thoughtless youngsters, out of a styled, “Emperor of the Mohocks;' and his false notion of bravery, and an immoderate arms are a Turkish crescent, which his im- fondness to be distinguished for fellows of perial majesty bears at present in a very fire, are insensibly hurried into this senseextraordinary manner engraven upon his less, scandalous project. Such will proforehead. Agreeable to their name, the bably stand corrected by your reproofs, avowed design of their institution is mis- especially if you inform them, that it is not chief; and upon this foundation all their courage for half a score fellows, mad with rules and orders are framed. An outrage- wine and lust, to set upon two or three soous ambition of doing all possible hurt to berer than themselves; and that the man their fellow-creatures, is the great cementners of Indian savages are not becoming of their assembly, and the only qualification accomplishments to an English fine gentle
man. Such of them as have been bullies *The motto prefixed to this paper in folio, is from Juvenal:
and scowerers of a long standing, and are Savis inter se convenit ursis.
grown veterans in this kind of service, are, Even bears with bears agree.
I fear, too hardened to receive any impres..
sions from your admonitions. But I beg No. 325.] Thursday, March 13, 1711-12. you would recommend to their perusal your ninth speculation. They may there be
-Quid frustra simulacra fugacia captas?
Quod petis, est nusquam: quod amas avertere, perdes, taught to take warning from the club of Ista repercussæ, quam cernis, imaginis umbra est, duellists; and be put in mind, that the com
Nil habet ista sui: tecum venitque, manetque; mon fate of those men of honour was, to be
Tecum discedet; si tu discedere possis.
Ovid. Met. Lib. iii. 432. hanged. I am, sir, your most humble servant, PHILANTHROPOS.
[From the fable of Narcissus. ] • March 10, 1711-12.'
What could, fond youth, this helpless passion move ?
Thy own warm blush within the water glows;
With thee the colour'd shadow comes and goes;
Its empty being on thyself relies: nature; but I add it here, that the reader Step thou aside, and the frail charmer dies.--Addison, may observe, at the same view, how amiable ignorance may be, when it is shown in
Will HONEYCOMB diverted us last night its simplicities; and how detestable in bar
with an account of a young fellow's first disbarities. It is written by an honest coun- co
covering his passion to his mistress. The tryman to his mistress, and came to the
the young lady was one, it seems, who had long hands of a lady of good sense, wrapped
d before conceived a favourable opinion of about a thread-paper, who has long kept
him, and was still in hopes that he would it by her as an image of artless love.
some time or other make his advances. As he was one day talking with her in com
pany of her two sisters, the conversation • To her I very much respect, Mrs. Mar
happening to turn upon love, each of the garet Clark.
young ladies was, by way of raillery, recomLovely, and on that I could write loving,
mending a wife to him; when, to the no small Mrs. Margaret Clark. I pray you let affec- surprise of her who languished for him in tion excuse presumption. Having been so secret, he told them, with a more than orhappy as to enjoy the sight of your sweet dinary seriousness, that his heart had been countenance and comelý body. 'sometimes long engaged to one whose name he thought when I had occasion to buy treacle or himself obliged in honour to conceal; but liquorish powder at the apothecary's shop,
that he could show her picture in the lid of I am so enamoured with you, that I can no his snuni-box.
his snuff-box. The young lady, who found more keep close my flaming desires to be herself most sensibly touched by this concome your servant.* And I am the more fession, took the first opportunity that ofbold now to write to your sweet self. be-/fered of snatching his box out of his hand. cause I am now my own man, and may match He seemed desirous of recovering it; but where I please: for my father is taken finding her resolved to look into the lid, away, and now I am come to my living, I begged her, that, if she should happen to which is ten yard land, and a house: and know the person, she would not reveal her there is never a yard land, t in our field, but name. Upon carrying it to the window, it is as well worth ten pounds a year as a she was very agreeably surprised to find thief is worth a halter, and all my brothers there was nothing within the lid but a little and sisters are provided for: besides, I have looking-glass; on which, after she had good household stuff, though I say it, both viewed her own face with more pleasure brass and pewter. linens and woollens; and than she had ever done before, she returnthough my house be thatched, yet, if you ed the box with a smile, telling him she and I match, it shall go hará hut I will could not but admire his choice. have one half of it slated. If you think well Will, fancying that this story took, imof this motion, I will wait upon you as soon as me
mediately fell into a dissertation on the my new clothes are made, and hay harvestluse
harvest usefulness of looking-glasses; and, applying is in. I could, though I say it, have good
himself to me, asked if there were any 'The rest is torn off; and posterity
looking-glasses in the times of the Greeks must be contented to know, that Mrs.
and Romans; for that he had often observMargaret Clark was very pretty: but are ed, in the translations of poems out of those left in the dark as to the name of her lover. I languages, that people generally talked of
T." seeing themselves in wells, fountains, lakes,
and rivers. Nay, says he, I remember Mr.
Dryden, in his Ovid, tells us of a swinging * A note in Mr. Chalmers's edition of the Spectator in. | manner here mentioned to a Mrs. Cole, of Northamp
a. tuis tetter was really conveyed in the Tellow, called Polypheme. that made" ton: the writer was a gentleman of the name of Bullock: -the part torn off is given in the note alluded to as follows: - good matches amongst my neighbours.
calm, My mother, peace be with her soull the good old gen.
lewoman, has left me good store of household linen of compass of his learning upon this subject, her own spinning, a chest full. If you and I lay our means together, it shall go hard but I will pave the way to do well.' Your loving servant till death, Mister several nations in the world so very barbaGabriel Bullock, now my father is dead.' See No. 328.*
ad.' See No. 328* | rous as not to have any looking-glasses A yard land (virgata terra) in some counties, contains 20 acres, in some 24, and in others 30 acres of
106 among them; and that he had lately read land.-Les To mes de la Ley. Ed. 1667.
la voyage to the South Sea, in which it is
said that the ladies of Chili always dressed No. 325.] Friday, March 14, 1711-12. their heads over a basin of water.
Inclusam Danaen turris ahenea, I am the more particular in my account Robustaque fores, et vigilum canum of Will's last night's lecture on these na
Tristes excubja minierant satis tural mirrors, as it seems to bear some
Nocturnis ab adulteris:
Hor. Lib. iii. Od. xvi. 1. relation to the following letter, which I re
Of watchful dogs an odious ward ceived the day before.
Right well one hapless virgin guard,
When in a tower of brass immur'd, SIR,- I have read your last Saturday's
By mighty bars of steel secur'd, observations on the fourth book of Milton Although by mortal rake-bells lewd with great satisfaction, and am particularly With all their midnight arts pursu'd,
Had not pleased with the hidden moral which you
Francis, vol. ii. p. 77. have taken notice of in several parts of the
Be to her faults a little blind, poem. The design of this letter is to de
Be to her virtues very kind, sire your thoughts, whether there may not And clap your padlock on her mind.- Padlock. also be some moral couched under that place in the same book, where the poet lets
•MR. SPECTATOR, — Your correspon
| dent's letter relating to fortune-hunters, us know, that the first woman immediately | after her creation ran to a looking-glass, and
and your subsequent discourse upon it, became so enamoured of her own face, that|
have given me encouragement to send you she had never removed to view any of the
a state of my case, by which you will see, other works of nature, had she not been
that the matter complained of is a common led off to a man? If you think fit to set
grievance both to city and country. down the whole passage from Milton, your
I am a country-gentleman of between readers will be able to judge for themselves,
five and six thousand a year. It is my misand the quotation will not a little contribute
| fortune to have a very fine park and an only
daughter; upon which account I have been to the filling up of your paper. Your humble servant,
" so plagued with deer-stealers and fops, that
for these four years past I have scarce enThe last consideration urged by my joyed a moment's rest. I look upon myquerist is so strong, that I cannct forbear self to be in a state of war; and am forced closing with it. The passage he alludes to to keep as constant watch in my seat, as a is part of Eve's speech to Adam, and one governor would do that commanded a town of the most beautiful passages in the whole on the frontier of an enemy's country. I poem:
have indeed pretty well sccured my park,
having for this purpose provided myself of • That day I oft remember, when from sleep I first awak'd, and found myself repos'd
four keepers, who are left-handed, and Under a shade of flowers, much wond'ring where handle a quarter-staff beyond any other felAnd what I was, whence hither brought, and how.
lows in the country. And for the guard of Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound Of waters issued from a cave, and spread
my house, besides a band of pensioner ma Into a liquid plain, and stood unmov'd
trons and an old maiden relation whom I Pure as th' expanse of heaven: I thither went
keep on constant duty, I have blunderWith unexperienc'd thought, and laid me down On the green bank, to look into the clear
busses always charged, and fox-gins plantSmooth lake, that to me seem'd another sky.
ed in private places about my garden, of As I bent down to look, just opposite,
which I have given frequent notice in the A shape within the watery gleam appear'd, Bending to look on me; I started back,
neighbourhood; yet so it is, that in spite of It started back; but pleas'd I soon return'd,
all my care, I shall every now and then Pleas'd it return'd as soon with answering looks have a saucy rascal ride by, reconnoitering Of sympathy and love: there I had fix'd Mine eyes till now, and pind with vain desire,
(as I think you call it) under my windows, Had not a voice thus warnd me : " What thon seest, as sprucely dressed as if he were going to a What there thou seest, fair creature, is thyself ;
ball. I am aware of this way of attacking With thee it came and goes; but follow me, And I will bring thee where no shadow stays
a mistress on horseback, having heard that Thy coming and thy soft embraces; he
it is a common practice in Spain; and have Whose image thou art, him thou shalt enjoy, therefore taken care to remove my daughInseparably thine ; to him shalt bear
ter from the road-side of the house, and to Multitudes like thyself, and thence be call'd Mother of human race." What could I do,
lodge her next the garden. But to cut short But follow straight, invisibly thus led ?
my story: What can a man do after all ? Till I espy'd thee, fair indeed and tall,
I durst not stand for member of parliament Under a plantain ; yet, methought, less fair, Less winning soft, less amiably mild,
last election, for fear of some ill conseThan that smooth watery image: back I turn'd; quence from my being off my post. What Thou following cry'dst aloud, “Return, fair Eve!
I would therefore desire of you is, to proWhom tly'st thou? Whom thou fly'st, of him thou art. His flesh, his bone; to give thee being, I lent mote a project I have set on foot, and upon Out of my side to thee, nearest my heart,
which I have written to some of my friends: Substantial life, to have thee by my side,
and that is, that care may be taken to seHenceforth an individual solace dear: Part of my soul, I seek thee, and thee claim.
cure our daughters by law, as well as our My other half!"-With that thy gentle hand
deer; and that some honest gentleman, of Seiz'd mine; I yielded, and from that time see
a public spirit, would move for leave to How beauty is excell'd by manly grace And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.'
bring in a bill for the better preserving of So spake our general mother
the female game. I am, sir, your humble servant.'