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for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Assembly by adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. SEC. 2.
And be it further enacted, That this act shall not be so construed as to deprive Congress of the right to disapprove of any law passed by the said Legislative Assembly, or in any way to impair or alter the power of Congress over laws passed by said Assembly.
Approved, March 3, 1839.
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE ELECTION OR APPOINTMENT
OF CERTAIN OFFICERS IN THE TERRITORY OF IOWA,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Iowa shall be, and are hereby, authorized to provide by law for the election or appointment of sheriffs, judges of probate, justices of the peace, and county surveyors, within the said Territory, in such way or manner, and at such times and places as to them may seem proper; and after a law shall have been passed by the Legislative Assembly for that purpose, all elections or appointments of the above-named officers thereafter to be had or made shall be in pursuance of such law.
And be it further enacted, That the term of service of the present delegate for said Territory of Iowa shall expire on the twenty-seventh day of October, eighteen hundred and forty; and the qualified electors of said Territory may elect a Delegate to serve from the said twenty-seventh day of October to the fourth day of March thereafter, at such
time and place as shall be prescribed by law by the Legislative Assembly, and thereafter a delegate shall be elected, at such time and place as the Legislative Assembly may direct, to serve for a Congress, as members of the House of Representatives are now elected.
Approved, March 3, 1839.
AN ACT MAKING A DONATION OF LAND TO THE TERRI
TORY OF IOWA, FOR THE PURPOSE OF ERECTING PUBLIC
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and hereby is, appropriated and granted to the Territory of Iowa, one entire section of land, of any of the surveyed public lands in said Territory, for the purpose of erecting thereon the public buildings for the use of the Executive and Legislative departments of the Government of the said Territory: Provided That the said section of land shall be selected under the authority of the Territorial Legislature, the seat of Government located thereon, and notice of said selection officially returned to the register of the land office in the district in which the land is situated within one year from the passing of this act: And provided, further, That nothing herein contained shall authorize the selection of the sixteenth section in any township reserved for the use of schools, nor of any lot reserved for public purposes; and that in the selection to be made as aforesaid, no pre-existing improvement or right to pre-emption recognized by law, shall be prejudiced thereby.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if, at the time of the selection of the section of land to be made as aforesaid, the contiguous sections thereto have not been made subject to public sale, or being so subject have not been sold at public sale or by private entry, then each and every section contigu ous to said selected section, and not so sold, shall be thereafter reserved and withheld from sale in any manner, until the further order of Congress thereon. But nothing herein expressed shall be construed to restrain the said Territory of Iowa, after appropriating a sufficient quantity of land within said selected section for the site and accommodation of the public buildings, from selling and disposing of the residue of said section in lots or otherwise, for the use of said Territory, in the erection and completion of said buildings.
Approved, March 3, 1839.
AN ACT GRANTING TO THE JUDGES OF THE SUPREME COURT
OF Iowa THE SAME COMPENSATION AS BY LAW IS
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the commencement of the next quarter, after the passage of this act, the judges of the supreme court of the Territory of Iowa shall receive the same salary as is now received by the judges of the Territory of Wisconsin.
Approved, March 3, 1839.
AN ACT TO MAKE AN APPROPRIATION FOR CERTAIN EX
PENSES IN THE ERECTION OF A PENITENTIARY IN THE
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same is hereby, granted and appropriated, out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, to pay for work heretofore actually done and materials furnished in the construction of a penitentiary in the Territory of Iowa; but no further work or materials are hereby authorized to be done or furnished for the completion of said penitentiary, on the faith of future appropriations by Congress, but the same are expressly prohibited. Approved, August 29, 1842. -Reprinted from U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. V., p.537.
AN ACT GIVING THE ASSENT OF CONGRESS TO THE HOLD
ING OF AN EXTRA SESSION OF THE LEGISLATIVE As-
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the assent of Congress is hereby given to the holding of an extra session of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of lowa, in the month of June, eighteen hundred and fortyfour: Provided, That no portion of the expense of such extra session shall be paid by the Government of the United States.
Approved, April 30, 1844.
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE LEGISLATURES OF THE SEVERAL
TERRITORIES TO REGULATE THE APPORTIONMENT OF
REPRESENTATION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be competent to the Legislatures of the several Territories, to readjust and apportion the representation in the two branches of their respective bodies in such manner from time to time as may seem to them just and proper: Provided, That the numbers of said bodies as authorized by existing laws shall not be increased.
And be it further enacted, That justices of the peace, and all general officers of the militia in the several Territories shall be elected by the people in such manner as the respective Legislatures thereof may provide by law.
Approved, June 15, 1844.
AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATION FOR CERTAIN IMPROVE
MENTS IN THE TERRITORY OF Iowa. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums of money be, and they are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War.
For the improvement of the harbor at the town of Dubuque, seven thousand five hundred dollars; Provided, upon due examination and survey, under the direction of the Secretary of War, it shall appear that a permanent improvement can be accomplished and completed for this amount, so as to admit the landing of steamers of the largest class navigating the river at the town of Dubuque at all seasons of the year.
For the construction and keeping in repair bridges on the Agency” road (so called), laid out by the United States in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-nine, five thousand dol
For the construction and keeping in repair bridges on the Military road (so called), from Dubuque to the northern boundary of the State of Missouri, which road was laid out