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There shall be elected by the qualified electors of each organized county in this State, one sheriff, one coroner, one county recorder, who shall discharge the duties of clerk of the county court, or court doing county business; one county surveyor, and one county treasurer, who shall be ex-officio collector of the public revenues, and hold their offices for the term of two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified, and shall perform such duties and be allowed such compensation as may be provided by law. They shall reside in their respective counties during their continuance in office, and be respectively disqualified for the office a second time, on default for any moneys collected by virtue of their respective offices, but in no case shall the sheriff be elected for more than twu terms in succession.
3. The legislature may provide for a township organization. There shall be elected in each township, by the qualified electors, not less than two justices of the peace, at such time and place as may be provided by law, who shall hold their respective offices for two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified. Their jurisdiction shall be co-extensive with their respective townships, and shall extend to all civil cases where the amount in controversy does not exceed one hundred dollars, and by the consent of parties, may be extended to any amount not exceeding five hundred dollars. They shall be conservators of the peace, and shall possess such criminal jurisdiction as the Legislature may prescribe.
4. The Legislature shall provide by law for the jurisdiction of probate, and of all matters relating to county taxes, disbursement of moneys for county purposes, and in every case that may be necessary to the internal improvement and local concerns of the respective counties.
5. The fees of all county officers shall be defined by law, and no extra compensation, either by the county or State, shall be paid or allowed to such officers.
ARTICLE I 2.
ON AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.
1. Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be proposed in the Senate or House of Representatives, and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed amendment shall be entered on their journals, with the yeas and nays thereon, and referred to the General Assembly then next to be chosen, and shall be published for three months previous to the time of making such choice; and, if, in the General Assembly then next chosen as aforesaid, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to the people in such manner and at such time as the General Assembly shall prescribe, and if the people shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments by a majority of all the qualified electors of the State voting for and against said amendment or amendments voting in their favor, such amendment or amendments shall become part of this Constitution. When any amendment or amendments to this Consitution shall be proposed in pursuance of the foregoing provisions, the same shall, at each of the said sessions, be read three several days in each house. The General Assembly shall not propose the same amendments to this Constitution oftener than once in six years.
And if, at any time, two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives shall think it necessary to revise or change this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors at the next election for members of the Legislature to vote for or against a Convention, and if it shall appear that a majority of the electors voting at such election have voted in favor of calling a Convention, the Legislature shall, at its next session, provide by law for calling a Convention, to be holden within six months after the passage of such law, and such Conven
tion shall consist of a number of members not less than of both branches of the Legislature.
ARTICLE I 3.
That no inconvenience may arise from a change of the Territorial government to a permanent State government, it is declared that all writs, actions, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights, shall continue as if no change had taken place in this government; and all process which may, before the or
; ganization of the judicial department under this Constitution, be issued under the authority of the Territory of Iowa, shall be as valid as if issued in the name of the State.
All laws now in force in this Territory, which are not repugnant to this Constitution, shall remain in force until they expire by their own limitations, or be altered or repealed by the Legislature.
3. All fines, penalties, and forfeitures, accruing to the Territory of Iowa, shall accrue to the use of the State.
4. All recognizances heretofore taken, or which may here- . after be taken, before the organization of the judicial department under this constitution, shall remain valid, and shall pass over to, and may be prosecuted in the name of the State. And all bonds executed to the Governor of this Territory, or to any other officer in his official capacity, shall pass over to the Governor or other proper State authority, and to their successors in office, for the uses therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for, and recovered accordingly. All criminal prosecutions and penal actions, which have arisen, or which may arise before the organization of the judicial department under this constitution, and which shall then be pending, may be prosecuted to judgment and executed in the name of the State.
5. All officers, civil and military, now holding their offices and appointments in this Territory under the authority of the United States, or under the authority of this Territory, shall
continue to hold and exercise their respective offices and appointments until superceded under this constitution.
6. It is made the duty of the President of this Convention, to transmit to the Delegate to the Congress of the United States, from this Territory, a copy of this constitution, together with an authenticated copy of an act of the Legislative Assembly of this Territory, entitled “ An act to provide for the expression of the opinion of the people of the Territory of Iowa, upon the subject of the formation of a state constitution for the State of Iowa,” and also a certified abstract of the census of this Territory, taken in the month of May, 1844, and also a certified abstract of the vote of the people of this Territory upon the question of Convention or no Convention, to be by him submitted to Congress at as early a day as practicable at its next session, for the purpose of gaining admission into the Union as a State. This constitution, together with whatever conditions may be made to the same by Congress, shall be ratified or rejected by a vote of the qualified electors of this Territory at the township elections in April next, in the manner prescribed by the act of the Legislative Assembly providing for the holding of this Convention: Provided, however, that the General Assembly of this State may ratify or reject any conditions Congress may make to this Constitution after the first Monday in April next.
7. The Clerks of the several boards of County Commissioners shall give at least thirty days notice, in the manner and form directed in the laws of this Territory regulating general elections, of the first general election under this Constitution, to be held on the first Monday in August next after the adoption of this Constitution by the people of this Territory, for the election of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Representative in the Congress of the United States, members of the Legislature, and one Auditor, Treasurer and Secretary of State. And said election shall be conducted in accordance with the existing election laws of this Territory; and the said Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Representative in the Congress of the United States, Auditor, Treasurer and Secretary of State, duly elected at said election, shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective offices for the time prescribed by this Constitution, and until their successors are elected and qualified.—The returns of said election shall be, made in conformity to the existing laws of this Territory.
8. Until the first enumeration of the inhabitants of this Territory as directed by this Constitution, the following shall be the apportionment of the members of the State Legislature. The county of Lee shall be entitled to two Senators and five Representatives; the county of Van Buren, two Senators and four Representatives; the counties of Davis, Wapello, Kishkekosh and Appanoose, one Senator jointly, and one Representative to each of the counties of Davis and Wa. pello, and one Representative to the counties of Kishkekosh and Appanoose jointly; the county of Des Moines, two Senators and four Representatives; the county of Henry, one Senator and three Representatives; the county of Jefferson, one Senator and three Representatives; the counties of Lousia and Washington, one Senator jointly and two Representatives each; the counties of Keokuk and Mahaska, one Senator jointly, and one Representative each; the counties of Muscatine and Johnson, one Senator and one Representative jointly, and each one Representative; the counties of Scott and Clinton, one Senator jointly, and one Representative each; the counties of Cedar, Linn and Benton, one Senator jointly, the county of Cedar one Representative, and the county of Linn and Benton one Representative jointly; the counties of Jackson and Jones, one Senator and two Representatives; the counties of Dubuque, Delaware, Clayton, Fayette, Buchanan and Blackhawk, two Senators, and the county of Dubuque, one Representative, and the counties of Delaware, Clayton, Fayette, Buchanan and Blackhawk, one Representative. And any country attached to any county for judicial purposes, shall, unless otherwise provided for, be considered as forming part of such county for election purposes.