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him to grant them an asylum at Mizpeh..Let my
father and my mother,” says he," I pray thee, come " forth and be with you, tiil I know what God will “ do for me. And he brought them," it is added,
before the king of Moab; and they dwelt with him 64 all the time that David was in the hold *.??.^c . od The next instance to be mentioned, and which we have already adverted to, is Solomon. From the great respect he paid to his mother, wben he was grown to man's estate, and had ascended the throne of Israel, it may be fairly concluded, that he held all that duty we have been explaining and enforcing in the greatest reveretice. And his dutiful carriage to his parents was one striking proof of that wisdom, for which he is so much celebrated in facred writ. The particular I refer to was his behaviour to his mother when she demanded an audience of him. It is said, " the king “ rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, !" and fat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be " set for the king's mother, and the sat on his right "" band +." . • The obedience of the Rechabites to the commands of Jonadah their father, and in instances too of a very self-denial nature, is held up by the prophet Jeremiah to the view of the Jews, in order to expose the exceeding great undutifulness of their carriage towards God, who had acted the part of a father towards them. i Jonadab'had folemnly forbidden their drinking wine. all their days, and building houses, and cultivating vineyards and fields, for reasons too particular to be there explained. They were obedient, no temptation could prevail on them to violate their father's com
mands. 413 Sam. xxii. 3, 4. .*** t 1 Kings ii, 196 *
mands. Wherefore this message is sent them by the prophet, in the hearing of the Jews. * " Because ye * have obeyed the commandment of Jonadab your fa* ther, and kept all his precepts, and done according lk unto all that he hath commanded you, therefore thus ** 'faith the Lord of holts, the God of Israel, Jonadab " the fon of Rachab shall not want a man to stand « before me for ever *"; vision Balcerib srl bus - We might mention other friking examples, both in the Old and New Testaments, but that of our Lord Jesus Christ shall fuffice. It is faid of him, when he was twelve years old, that “ he went down só with his parents from Jerusalem to Nazareth, and was 66 subject unto them. And he increased in wisdom " and stature, and in favour with God and man +." And the affectionate attention he paid to them through the whole of his life, may be easily imagined from the tender words which dropped from his lips in the very article of death. Seeing his mother and the disciple whom he loved, standing by the cross on which he was expiring, he said to her, “ Woman, behold “thy fon !" and then to the disciple, “ Behold thy “ mother!” meaning thereby to commend them to each others cordial regards. And the sacred historian immediately adds, “ From that hour that disci* ple took her unto his own house [.” How admira. ble an example this! and what a deep sense must our Saviour have had upon his mind of the importance of filial duty, thus folemnly to enjoin it, in effect upon us all, with his expiring breath!
Thus have we urged upon children the duties they owe their parents, by arguments drawn from the light
of * Jer. XXXV. 18, 19. t Luke ii. 51, 52. † John zis. 25, 26, 27.
of nature the express command of God and the examples of persons eminent for wisdom, virtue, and piety: 1 Weigh these arguments, children, we beseech you, and refift the force of them if you can. Should you however be infenfible to them, you will forfeit all claim to humanity and good sense, as well as religion. On the contrary, should you feel their force, and be disposed cordially to obey your parents in the Lord, we are authorized by the word of God to affare you, that it shall be well with you in this world, and in that which is to come. ..
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Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters ac
cording to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in fingleness of your beart, as unto Cbrift: not with eyeservice, as men pleafers, but as the servants of Christ, doin the will of God from the heart; with goodwill doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men ; knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doth, ihe fame shall be receive of the Lord, whether be
be bond or free. , U AVING considered the duties of parents and chil11 dren, we proceed to explain and enforce those of masters and servants. Previous to this it will be necessary to inquire into the trné origin and grounds of this relation. The discusion of this question will throw a light upon our subject, and prepare us to receive the apostolic instructions in our text. “:4,"milles
Here then we shall lay down the following pofi. tions, which have an evident connection with and dependence on each other-Men, as men, are equal
in 'n g root Their
Their condition in life is various and unequal--They are not fufficient to their own fupport, and therefore stand in need of one another's afliítance-But effectu. al aslistance can only be rendered in a way that requires authority on the one part and obedience on the other— Authority and obedience are, however, the result of voluntary agreement-And, where these are properly adjusted, there will be a pretty equal distribution of happiness.
1. Men, as men, are equal,
What I mean is, that we all possess one common nature, and therefore the rights and duties of humanity are common to all. Every individual, whether a prince or a peasant, derives from the fame ftock, is composed of the same constituent parts, is born into the world after the fame manner, is nourished alike by the produce of the earth, is alike liable to death, and in the end reduced álike to dust and corruption. We are all formed on one plan, poffefsed of the same facul. ties and passions, capable of the same joys and forrows, subject to the fame wants and casualties, and are all alike amenable at the tribunal of God, who is no respecter of persons, but will deal with men according to their moral and religious character, and not their external dignity, power or wealth. “ He hath made "of one blood,” says the apostle to the Athenians, "all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of " the earth *." To the like purpose Solomon tells us, “The rich and poor meet together :, the Lord is “the maker of them all t.” So Job, when speaking of the humane treatment his servants had met with at his hands, adds, Did not he that made me in the mis op: 918 030 am 3.2m 140 ' ", womb,
* Acts xyii. 26. † Prov. xxii. 20