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CAUSES OF DECLINE-'ENFANCES '--REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT-CYCLICAL

POEMS-FRANCO-ITALIAN EPICS-FRENCH PATRIOTIC VERSE-ROMANS
D'AVENTURE -'CENTO NOVELLE ANTICHE' — THE 'AVVENTUROSO
CICILIANO'—THE 'REALI DI FRANCIA'-GERMAN EPICS—ICELANDIC
RÍMUR — FORNSÖGUR AND LÝGISÖGUR -- ENGLISH ROMANCES — AL-
LITERATIVE POETRY-SCOTTISH ROMANCES—THE 'BRUCE'—LAURENCE
MINOT.

How came the old poetry-epic, romance, minnesong —to die out as it did in the fourteenth century ? Was Who killed it suffocated by adverse outward conditions, court-poetry? or had it completed its natural term of life? Perhaps it is not necessary to choose between these solutions. It seems probable that more than one cause was at work. That there were hostile agencies abroad cannot be doubted. In this task of

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