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THE FOURTEENTH CENTUEY.
THE END OF COURT-POETRY.
CAUSES OF DECLINE—'ENFANCES '—REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT—CYCLICAL POEMS—FRANCO-ITALIAN EPICS—FRENCH PATRIOTIC VERSE—ROMANS D'AVENTURE — ' CENTO NOVELLE ANTICHE' — THE 'AVVENTUROSO CICILIANO'—THE 'REALI DI Francia'—GERMAN EPICS—ICELANDIC RIMUR— FORNSOGUR AND LYGISOGUR— ENGLISH ROMANCES — ALLITERATIVE POETRY—SCOTTISH ROMANCES—THE 'BRUCE'—LAURENCE MINOT.
How came the old poetry—epic, romance, minnesong —to die out as it did in the fourteenth century? Was no wied it suffocated by adverse outward conditions, court-poetry? or had it completed its natural term of life? Perhaps it is not necessary to choose between these solutions. It seems probable that more than one cause was at work. That there were hostile agencies abroad cannot be doubted. In this task of