« AnteriorContinuar »
SENATE, October 23, 1866, yeas 28, nays 0. HOUSE, October 30, 1866, yeas 199, nays 11. Massachusells
SENATE, March 20, 1867, yeas 27, nays 6. HOUSE, March 14, 1867, yeas 120, nays 20. Rhode Island
SENATE, February 5, 1867, yeas 26, nays 2.
SENATE, June 25, 1866, yeas 11, nays 6.
SENATE, January 16, 1867, yeas 16 mays 6.
SENATE, January 11, 1867, unanimously.
SENATE, January 23, 1867, yeas 22, nays 10.
*SENATE,, 1866, yeas 13, nays 7.
*SENATE, January 22, 1867, yeas 14, nays 2.
REJECTED THREE STATES.
IlOUSE, February 6, 1867, yeas 6, nays 15.
SENATE, March 23, 1867, yeas 4, nays 13.
PROCLAMATIONS AND ORDERS.
PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S PROCLAMATIONS, | obstructed in the States of South Carolina, Geor
gia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marsuppressed by the ordinary course of judicial shals by law;
Declaring the Insurrection at an End in Texas, and Civil Authority existing throughout the whole of the United States, August 20, 1866. And whereas, by another proclamation, made Whereas, by proclamation of the fifteenth and on the sixteenth day of August, in the same nineteenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-year, in pursuance of an act of Congress apone the President of the United States, in virtue of the power vested in him by the Constitution and the laws, declared that the laws of the United States were opposed and the execution thereof
proved July thirteen, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas,
Arkansas, Mississippi, and Florida, (except the
States, now in revolt against the constitutional Government,
And whereas these resolutions though not joint or concurrent in form, are substantially identical, and as such have hitherto been and yet are regarded as having expressed the sense of Congress upon the subject to which they relate;
And whereas, by another proclamation, of the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, issued in pursuance of an act of Congress approved June seventh, in the same year, the insurrection was declared to be still existing in the States aforesaid, with the excep-States, by proclamation of the thirteenth of June, tion of certain specified counties in the State of Virginia;
And whereas, by another proclamation made on the second day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, in pursuance of the act of Congress of July thirteen, one thousand eight hundred and sixty one, the exceptions named in the proclamation of August sixteen, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, were revoked, and the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties of Virginia designated as West Virginia, and the ports of New Orleans, Key West, Port Royal, and Beaufort, in North Carolina) were declared to be still in a state of insurrection against the United States;
And whereas, by another proclamation of the fif teenth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, made in pursuance of the act of Congress approved March third, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, the rebellion was declared to be still existing, and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus was in certain specified cases suspended throughout the United States, said suspension to continue throughout the duration of the rebellion, or until said proclamation should, by a subsequent one to be issued by the President of the United States, be modified or revoked;
And whereas the House of Representatives, on the twenty-second day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, adopted a resolution in the words following, namely:
Resolved by the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States, That the present deplorable civil war has been forced upon the country by the disunionists of the Southern States, now in revolt against the constitutional Government, and in arms around the capital; that in this pational emergency, Congress, banishing all feelings of mere passion or resentment, will recollect only its duty to the whole country; that this war is not waged upon our part in any spirit of oppression. nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established institutions of those States, but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution, and to preserve the Union with all the dignity, equal ity, and rights of the several States unimp ired, and that as soon as these objects are accomplished the war ought to And whereas the Senate of the United States on the twenty-fifth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty one, adopted a resolutou in the words following, to wit:
Resolved, That the present deplorable civil war has been forced upon the country by the disunionists of the southern
And whereas the President of the United eighteen hundred and sixty-five, declared that the insurrection in the State of Tennessee had been suppressed, and that the authority of the United States therein was undisputed, and that such United States officers as had been duly commissioned were in the undisturbed exercise of their official functions;
And whereas the President of the United States, by further proclamation issued on the second day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six, did promulgate and declare that there no longer existed any armed resistance of misguided citizens or others to the authority of the United States in any or in all the States before mentioned, excepting only the State of Texas, and did further promulgate and declare that the laws could be sustained and enforced in the several States before mentioned, except Texas, by the proper civil authorities, State or Federal, and that the people of the said States, except Texas, are well and loyally disposed, and have conformed or will conform in their legislation to the condition of affairs growing out of the amend ment to the Constitution of the United States prohibiting slavery within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States;
And did further declare in the same proclamation that it is the manifest determination of the American people that no State, of its own will, has a right or power to go out of, or separate itself from, or be separated from the American Union; and that, therefore, each State ought to remain and constitute an integral part of the United States;
And did further declare in the same last mentioned proclamation that the several afore-mentioned States, excepting Texas, had, in the manner aforesaid, given satisfactory evidence that they acquiesce in this sovereign and important resolution of national unity;
And whereas the President of the United States, in the same proclamation, did further declare that it is believed to be a fundamental principle of government that the people who have revolted, and who have been overcome and subdued, must either be dealt with so as to induce them voluntarily to become friends, or else they must be held by absolute military power, or devastated, so as to prevent them from ever again doing harm as enemies, which last named policy is abhorrent to humanity and to freedom;
And whereas the President did, in the same proclamation, further declare that the Constitu
tion of the United States provides for constituent communities only as States, and not as Territories, dependencies, provinces, or protectorates; And further, that such constituent States must necessarily be, and by the Constitution and laws of the United States are made equals, and placed upon a like footing as to political rights, immunities, dignity, and power with the several States with which they are united;
And whereas adequate provision has been made by military orders to enforce the execution of the acts of Congress and the civil authorities, and secure obedience to the Constitution and laws of the United States within the State of Texas, if a resort to military force for such purpose should at any time become necessary;
Now, therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the insurrection which heretofore existed in the State of Texas is at an end, and is to be henceforth so regarded in that State, as in the other States before named, in which the said inper-surrection was proclaimed to be at an end by the aforesaid proclamation of the second day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six.
And did further declare that the observance of political equality as a principle of right and justice is well calculated to encourage the people of the before-named States, except Texas, to be and to become more and more constant and severing in their renewed allegiance;
And whereas the President did further declare, that standing armies, military occupation, martial law, military tribunals, and the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus are, in time of peace, dangerous to public liberty, incompatible with the individual rights of the citizen, contrary to the genius and spirit of our free institutions, and exhaustive of the national resources, and ought not, therefore, to be sanctioned or allowed, except in cases of actual necessity, for repelling invasion or suppressing insurrection or rebellion;
And the President did further, in the same
And I do further proclaim that the said iusurrection is at an end, and that peace, order tranquillity, and civil authority now exist in aud throughout the whole of the United States of America.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this twentieth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
proclamation, declare that the policy of the Gov [L. 8.] sixty-six, and of the independence of the
United States of America the ninety-first.
ernment of the United States, from the beginning
And whereas the President, in the said proclamation of the thirteenth of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, upon the grounds therein stated and herein before recited, did then and there proclaim and declare that the insurrection which heretofore existed in the several States before named, except in Texas, was at an end, and was henceforth to be so regarded;
WM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Respecting American Merchant Vessels Stopping or Anchoring in Certain Ports of Japan, Jaun· ary 12, 1867.
Whereas in virtue of the power conferred by the act of Congress approved June 22, 1860, scctions 15 and 24 of which act were designed by proper provisions to secure the strict neutrality of citizens of the United States residing in ur And whereas, subsequently to the said second visiting the empires of China and Japan, a noiiday of April, one thousand eight hundred and fication was issued on the 4th of August last by sixty-six. the insurrection in the State of Texas the Legation of the United States in Japan, has been completely and everywhere suppressed through the consulates of the open ports of that and ended, and the authority of the United empire, requesting American shipmasters not to States has been successfully and completely es- approach the coasts of Lucoa and Nagato pendtablished in the said State of Texas, and now re-ing the then contemplated hostilities between mains therein unrestricted and undisputed, and the Tycoon of Japan and the Daimio of the said such of the proper United States officers as have provinces; been duly commissioned within the limits of the said State are now in the undisturbed exercise of their official functions;
And whereas authentic information having been received by the said Legation that such hostilities had actually commenced, a regulation, And whereas the laws can now be sustained in furtherance of the aforesaid notification and and enforced in the said State of Texas by the pursuant to the act referred to, was issued by the proper civil authority, State or Federal, and the Minister Resident of the United States in Japan people of the said State of Texas, like the people forbidding American merchant vessels from stopof other States before named, are well and loy-ping or anchoring at any port or roadstead in that ally disposed, and have conformed or will conform in their legislation to the condition of affairs growing out of the amendment of the Constitution of the United States prohibiting slavery within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States;
And whereas all the reasons and conclusions set forth in regard to several States therein specially named now apply equally and in all respects to the State of Texas, as well as to the other States which had been involved in insurrection;
country except the three open ports, viz: Kanagawha, (Yokohama,) Nagasaki, and Hakodate, unless in distress or forced by stress of weather, as provided by treaty, and giving notice that masters of vessels committing a breach of the regulation would thereby render themselves liable to prosecution and punishment, and also to forfeiture of the protection of the United States if the visit to such non-opened port or roadstead should either involve a breach of treaty or be construed as an act in aid of insurrection or rebellion:
teenth day of August, in the year of cur
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johson, President of the United States of Amer- [L. s.] Lord one thousand eight hundred and
ica, with a view to prevent acts which might injuriously affect the relations existing between the Government of the United States and that of Japan, do hereby call public attention to the aforesaid notification and regulation, which are hereby sanctioned and confirmed.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this twelfth
By the President:
Respecting Decree of Maximilian, August 17,
Whereas a war is existing in the Republic of Mexico, aggravated by foreign military inter
sixty-six, and of the independence of the United States of America the ninety-first. ANDREW JOHNSON.
By the President:
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Declaring the Suspension of Tonnage and Impost
Whereas by an act of the Congress of the day of January, in the year of our Lord United States of the twenty-fourth day of May, [SEAL.] one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, seven, and of the independence of the entitled "An act in addition to an act, entitled United States the ninety-first. 'An act concerning discriminating duties of tonANDREW JOHNSON, nage and impost, and to equalize the duties on Prussian vessels and their cargoes," it is provided that upon satisfactory evidence being given to the President of the United States by the government of any foreign nation that no discriminating duties of tonnage or impost are imposed upon vessels or levied in the ports of said nation wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported to the same from the United States or from any foreign country, the President is thereby authored to issue his proclamation, declaring that the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and imposts within the United States are and shall be suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of the said foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported into the United States in the same from the said foreign nation, or from any other foreign country, the said suspension to take effect from the time of such notification being given to the President of the United States, and to continue so long as the reciprocal exemption of vessels belonging to citizens of the United States and their cargoes, as aforesaid, shall be continued, and no longer;
And whereas the United States, in accordance with their settled habits and policy, are a neutral Power in regard to the war which thus afflicts the Republic of Mexico;
And whereas it has become known that one of the belligerents in the said war-namely, the Prince Maximilian-who asserts himself to be Emperor in Mexico, has issued a decree in regard to the port of Matamoros, and other Mexican ports which are in the occupation and possession of another of the said belligerents-namely, the United States of Mexico—which decree is in the following words:
"The port of Matamoros, and all those of the northern frontier which have withdrawn from their obedience to the Government, are closed to foreign and coasting traffic during such time as the empire of the law shall not be therein re
"ART. 2. Merchandise proceeding from the said ports, on
arriving at any other where the excise of the empire is collected, shall pay the duties on importation, introduction, and consumption, and, on satisfactory proof of contravention, shall be irremissibly confiscated. Our Minister of the Treasury is charged with the punctual execution of this
"Given at Mexico, the 9th of July, 1866."
And whereas satisfactory evidence has lately been received by me from his Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, through an official communication of his Majesty's Minister of Foreign Relations, under date of the 10th of December, 1866. that no other or higher duties of tonnage and impost are imposed or levied in the And whereas the decree thus recited, by de- ports of the Hawaiian Islands upon vessels claring a belligerent blockade unsupported by wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, competent military or naval force, is in violation and upon the produce, manufactures, or merchanof the neutral rights of the United States, as dise imported in the same from the United States, defined by the law of nations, as well as of the and from any foreign country whatever, than treaties existing between the United States of are levied on Hawaiian ships and their cargoes Americ and the aforesaid United States of Mex-in the same ports under like circumstances; ico:
Now, therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim and declare, that the aforesaid decree is held, and will be held, by the United States, to be absolutely null and void as against the Government and citizens of the United States; and that any attempt which shall be made to enforce the same against the Government or citizens of the United States will be disallowed.
Now, therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim that so much of the several acts imposing discriminating duties of tonnage and impost within the United States are, and shall be, suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of the Hawaiian Islands, and the produce, manufactures, and merchandise imported into the United States in the same, from the dominions of the Hawaiian Islands, and In witness whereof I have hereunto set my from any other foreign country whatever, the hand, and caused the seal of the United States said suspension to take effect from the said 10th day of December, and to continue thenceforto be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, the seven-ward, so long as the reciprocal exemption of
Now, therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States of America, do, in accordance with the provisions of the act of Congress last herein named, declare and proclaim the fact that the fundamental conditions imposed by Congress on the State of Nebraska to entitle that State to admission to the Union have been ratified and accepted, and that the admission of the said State into the Union is now complete.
In testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand, and have caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this first day of March, in the year of our Lord one [SEAL.] thousand eight hundred and sixtyseven, and of the independence of the United States of America the ninetyfirst. ANDREW JOHNSON. By the President: WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Withdrawing reward for John H Surratt, and others.*
WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, November 24, 1865.
General Orders, No. 164.
Whereas the Congress of the United States did, by an act approved on the nineteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixtyfour, authorize the people of the Territory of Nebraska to form a constitution and State government, and for the admission of such State .nto the Union on an equal footing with the original States, upon certain conditions in said Ordered, That-I. All persons claiming react specified; and whereas said people did adopt ward for the apprehension of John Wilkes Booth, a constitution conforming to the provisions and Lewis Payne, G. A. Atzerodt, and David E. conditions of said act, and ask admission into Herold, and Jefferson Davis, or either of them, the Union; and whereas the Congress of the are notified to file their claims and their proofs United States did, on the eighth and ninth days with the Adjutant General for final adjudication of February, one thousand eight hundred and by the special commission appointed to award sixty-seven, in mode prescribed by the Constitu- and determine upon the validity of such claims, tion, pass a further act for the admission of the before the first day of January next, after which State of Nebraska into the Union, in which last-time no claims will be received. named act it was provided that it should not II. The rewards offered for the arrest of Jacob take effect except upon the fundamental condi-Thompson, Beverley Tucker, George N. Sanders, tion that within the State of Nebraska there William C. Cleary, and John H. Surratt are reshould be no denial of the elective franchise or voked.
By order of the President of the United States:
Assistant Adjutant General.
Release of Convicts.
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
General Orders, No 46.
and excepting those who are under sentence at the Tortugas, be discharged from imprisonment and the residue of their sentence remitted.
of any other right to any person by reason of race or color, excepting Indians not taxed, and upon the further fundamental condition that the Legislature of said State, by a solemn public act, should declare the assent of said Stato to the said fundamental condition, and should transmit to the President of the United States an authenticated copy of said act of the Legislature of said State, upon receipt whereof the President, by proclamation, should forthwith announce the Ordered: That all persons who are undergoing fact, whereupon said fundamental condition sentence by military courts, and have been im should be held as a part of the organic law of prisoned six months, except those who are under the State, and thereupon, and without any fur-sentence for the crimes of murder, arson, or rape, ther proceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of said State into the Union should be considered as complete; and whereas within the time prescribed by said act of Congress of the eighth and ninth of February, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-seven, the Legislature of the State of Nebraska did pass an act ratifying the said act of Congress of the eighth and place, that many months had elapsed without accomplishing ninth of February, one thousand eight hundred the arrest of these parties. I was entirely satisfied that they were not in the United States, and that if any arrest was and sixty-seven, and declaring that the afore-made it would have to be by government officials, who named provisions of the third section of said ought not to have any pretence of claiming the reward; be last-named act of Congress should be a part of sides, I thought that if the proclamation was withdrawn it would probably induce these parties to believe that pursuit the organic law of the State of Nebraska; and was over, and they might return to the United States and whereas a duly authenticated copy of said act of be arrested. For these reasons I thought it expedient to the Legislature of Nebraska has been received revoke the order. It was done on my own responsibility, the President left it at my discretion to do as I thought best by me: in the matter.
Respecting this order, Secretary Stanton testified before
a Congressional Committee, January 10, 1867, as follow:
A. The reasons that influenced my mind, were in the first