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suspension of the rule requiring the reference of all resolutions to the committee on resolutions.] Pending the resolutions reported from the committee above, General Thomas Ewing, jr., of Kansas, offered this resolution :
in defiance of the express language of the Constitution, have erected a military despotism in ten of the States of the Union, have taken from the President the powers vested in him by the supreme law, and have deprived the Supreme Court of its jurisdiction. The right of trial by jury, and the .great writ of right, the habeas corpus-shields of safety for every citizen, and which have descended to us from the earliest traditions of our ancestors, and which our revo
Resolved, That the faith of the republic to its creditors, as pledged in its laws, is inviolable, and the public burdens should be lightened by vigilant economy in expenditures, and never by repudiation; that all the bonds of the United States issued after the passage of the legal ten-lutionary fathers sought to secure to their posder act, and not by law expressly payable in coin, should be paid when redeemable in legaltender notes, but without undue inflation of the currency, or at the option of the holders, converted into bonds bearing a low rate of interest; that the national bank currency should be retired and its place supplied by legal tenders, so as to save to the Government interest upon the amount of that circulation, and that the policy of permitting banks to supply nearly half of the national currency allowing the five-twenty bonds, bearing, as they do, interest at the rate of nearly nine per cent. per annum, to run beyond the date when they become redeemable, and of contracting the currency until it shall rise to the value of gold, is a policy which favors the few against the many, is oppressive to the laboring and the debtor classes, and tends to bring upon the country the dishonor of repudiation.
[He moved for the suspension of the rule requiring reference to the committee, which was lost-yeas 78, nays 197; and the resolution was accordingly referred, and not again considered.]
General Blair's Letter.
OMAHA, NEBRASKA, July 13, 1868. General GEORGE W. MORGAN, Chairman Committee National Democratic Convention. GENERAL: I take the earliest opportunity of replying to your letter, notifying me of my nomination for Vice President of the United States by the National Democratic Convention, recently held in the city of New York.
I accept without hesitation the nomination tendered in a manner so gratifying, and give you and the committee my thanks for the very kind and complimentary language in which you have conveyed to me the decision of the con
I have carefully read the resolutions adopted by the convention, and most cordially concur in every principle and sentiment they announce. My opinion upon all of the questions which discriminate the great contending parties have been freely expressed on all suitable occasions, and I do not deem it necessary at this time to reiterate them.
The issues upon which the contest turns are clear, and cannot be obscured or distorted by the sophistries of our adversaries. They all resolve themselves into the old and ever-renewing struggle of a few men to absorb the political power of the nation. This effort, under every conceivable name and disguise, has always characterized the opponents of the Democratic party, but at no time has the attempt assumed a shape so open and daring as in this contest. The adversaries of free and constitutional government,
terity forever in the fundamental charter of our liberties have been ruthlessly trampled under foot by the fragment of a Congress. Whole States and communities of people of our own race have been attainted, convicted, condemned, and deprived of their rights as citizens, without presentment, or trial, or witnesses, but by congressional enactment of ex post facto laws, and in defiance of the constitutional prohibition denying even to a full and legal Congress the authority to pass any bill of attainder or ex post facto law. The same usurping authority has substituted as electors in place of the men of our own race, thus illegally attainted and disfranchised, a host of ignorant negroes, who are supported in idleness with the public money, and combined together to strip the white race of their birthright, through the management of freedmen's bureaus and the emissaries of conspirators in other States; and, to complete the ppression, the military power of the nation has been placed at their disposal, in order to make this barbarism supreme.
The military leader under whose prestige this usurping Congress has taken refuge since the condemnation of their schemes by the free peo. ple of the North in the elections of the last year, and whom they have selected as their candidate to shield themselves from the result of their own wickedness and crime, has announced his acceptance of the nomination, and his willingness to maintain their usurpations over eight millions of white people at the South, fixed to the earth with his bayonets. He exclaims: "Let us have peace." Peace reigns in Warsaw" was the announcement which heralded the doom of the liberties of a nation. "The empire is peace," exclaimed Bonaparte, when freedom and its defenders expired under the sharp edge of his sword. The peace to which Grant invites us is the peace of despotism and death.
Those who seek to restore the Constitution by executing the will of the people condemning the reconstruction acts, already pronounced in the elections of last year, and which will, I am convinced, be still more emphatically expressed by the election of the Democratic candidate as the President of the United States, are denounced as revolutionists by the partisans of this vindictive Congress. Negro suffrage, which the popular vote of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Connecticut, and other States have condemned as expressly against the letter of the Constitution, must stand, because their Senators and Representatives have willed it. If the people shall again condemn these atrocious measures by the elec tion of the Democratic candidate for President,
they must not be disturbed, although decided to be unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, and although the President is sworn to maintain and support the Constitution. The will of a fraction of a Congress, reinforced with its partisan emissaries sent to the South and supported there by the soldiery, must stand against the will of the people and the decision of the Supreme Court, and the solemn oath of the President to maintain and support the Constitution.
It is revolutionary to execute the will of the people! It is revolutionary to execute the judgment of the Supreme Court! It is revolutionary in the President to keep inviolate his oath to sustain the Constitution! This false construction of the vital principle of our Government is the last resort of those who would have their arbitrary reconstruction sway and supersede our time-honored institutions. The nation will say the Constitution must be restored, and the will of the people again prevail.
The appeal to the peaceful ballot to attain this end is not war, is not revolution. They make war and revolution who attempt to arrest this quiet mode of putting aside military despotism and the usurpations of a fragment of & Congress, asserting absolute power over that benign system of regulated liberty left us by our fathers. This must be allowed to take its course. This is the only road to peace. It will come with the election of the Democratic candidate, and not with the election of that mailed warrior, whose bayonets are now at the throats of eight millions of people in the South, to compel them to support him as a candidate for the Presi. dency, and to submit to the domination of an alien race of semi-barbarous men. No perversion of truth or audacity of misrepresentation can exceed that which hails this candidate in arms as an angel of peace.
I am, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,
FRANK P. BLAIR.
CHAP. XXXVI.-Election Returns from 1860.
• Fusion ticket.
Third party, 13,167.
Third party, 2,088.
Judicial. | Estimated.
¶ One elector having died, but two votes were polled from Nevada.
Not yet restored: Virginia 10, Mississippi 7, Texas 6-23. Total of college 317. Majority of full college 159. Majority of actual college 148.
Amount of taxes
Strtement showing the amount and rate of taxation (U. S. and State) of the National Banks, for the year ending December 31, 1867.
STATES AND TERRITORIES.
Rate per cent. Paid to and assessed Rate per cent. Taxes paid to U. S. Rate of tax (U. S.
Receipts of Internal Revenue for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1867, and June 30, 1868.
The total expense
* Of this, $29,151,339 78 were from distilled spirits, and $23,769,076 80 from cotton. The tax derived from distilled spirits during the last fiscal year was about $14,000,000. The act exempting cotton from internal tax was approved February 3, 1868, and the act to exempt certain manufactures from internal taxes was approved March 31, 1868. of collecting Internal Revenue, including stamps and all contingencies, for the year ending June 30, 1866, was $7,689,700 46; for 1867, $7,712,089 02. The expenses of the next fiscal year (ending June 30, 1869) are estimated at $5,200.000.