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Registration, Disfranchisement, and Election Returns in the Rebel States, under the Reconstruction Acts.
Votes on calling Constitutional Conventions.
Votes on Ratification of Constitutions recommended by Conventions.
Whites. Color'd. Total.
Feb'y 4, 1868.
Mar. 15, 1868.
May 4, 1868.
95,168 191,501 10,500
April 20, 1868.
April 17, 1868.
June 22, 1868.
72,932 179,653 11,688
April 21, 1868.
April 14, 1868.
* No distinction between white and colored. ¶ No election held.
"Failed to register from any cause."-Report of Maj. Gen. J. M. Schofield, December 13, 1867. NOTE-The revised registration made before voting on the constitution was, in North Carolina 196,873, in Arkansas 73,784, in Florida 31,498.
Statement of the Public Debt of the United States, on the 1st of June, 1868.
Statement of the annual revenue collected by the Government from each source since 1860.
Statement of the annual expenditures of the Government from 1860.
$60,010,112 58 $3,144,620 94 $13,900,392 13 $17,045,013 07
NOTE.-The revenues and expenditures of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1868, are not yet officially ascertained, but the following is an accurate statement of them:
Total of ordinary expenses
Of the War Department payments, $38,000,000 were for bounties.
+ Includes foreign, and miscellaneous.
Statement of the expenditures of the United States during the fiscal years ending appropriations for the fiscal year ending June
June 30, 1858, June 30, 1866, 1867, and till January 1, 1868, together with the 30, 1869, and the estimates for the same year.
June 30, 1867. 1868, to Jan. 1. Appropriated for year end-Estimates for year ending
$15,585,489 55 $27,191,353 54 1,548,589 26
ing June 30, 1869.
June 30, 1869.
Expenditures for year ending June 30, 1858.
$7,052,196 75 1,391,407 91
A Bill relating to the Freedmen's Bureau and
July 20-The PRESIDENT sent a veto, of which these are the most important paragraphs:
become entitled to representation in Congress pursuant to the acts of Congress in that behalf: Be it enacted, &c., That the duties and powers Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be of commissioner of the bureau for the relief of construed to apply to any State which was repre freedmen and refugees shall continue to be dis-sented in Congress on the 4th day of March, 1867. charged by the present commissioner of the bureau, and in case of a vacancy in said office occurring by reason of his death or resignation, the same shall be filled by appointment of the President on the nomination of the Secretary of War, and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and no officer of the army shall be detailed for service as commissioner, or shall enter upon the duties of commissioner, unless appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and all assistant commissioners, agents, clerks, and assistants shall be appointed by the Secretary of War, on the nomination of the commissioner of the bureau. In case of vacancy in the office of commissioner happening during the recess of the Senate, the duties of the commis. sioner shall be discharged by the acting assistant adjutant general of the bureau until such vacancy can be filled.
SEC. 2. That the commissioner of the bureau shall, on the 1st day of January next, cause the said bureau to be withdrawn from the several States within which said bureau has acted, and its operations shall be discontinued. But the educational department of the said bureau, and the collection and payment of moneys due to soldiers, sailors, and marines, or their heirs, shall be continued, as now provided by law, until otherwise ordered by act of Congress: Provided, however, That the provisions of this section shall not apply to any State which shall not, on the 1st of January next, be restored to its former political relations with the Government of the United States, and be entitled to representation in Congress. Passed both Houses.
'The mode and manner of receiving and counting the electoral votes for President and Vice President of the United States are in plain and simple terms prescribed by the Constitution. That instrument imperatively requires that the President of the Senate "shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted." Congress has, therefore, no power, under the Constitution, to receive the electoral votes or reject them. The whole power is exhausted when, in the presence of the two Houses, the votes are counted and the result declared In this respect the power and duty of the President of the Senate are, under the Constitution purely ministerial. When, therefore, the joint resolution declares that no electoral votes shall be received or counted from States that, since the 4th of March, 1867, have not "adopted constitution or State government under which a State government shall have been organized," a power is assumed which is nowhere delegated to Congress, unless upon the assumption that the State governments organized prior to the 4th of March, 1867, were illegal and void.
"The joint resolution, by implication at least, concedes that these States were States by virtue of their organization, prior to the 4th of March, 1867, but denies to them the right to vote in the election of President and Vice President of the United States. It follows either that this assumption of power is wholly unauthorized by the Constitution, or that the States so excluded from voting were out of the Union by reason of the rebellion, and have never been legitimately restored. Being fully satisfied that they were never out of the Union, and that their relations thereto have been legally and constitutionaliy restored, I am forced to the conclusion that the joint resolution which deprives them of the right to have their vote for President and Vice Precol-sident received and counted is in conflict with the Constitution, and that Congress has no more power to reject their votes than those of the States which have been uniformly loyal to the Federal Union.
Joint Resolution excluding from the Electoral
"It is worthy of remark that if the States whose inhabitants were recently in rebellion were legally and constitutionally organized and restored to their rights prior to the 4th of March, 1867, as I am satisfied they were, the only legiti mate authority under which the election for President and Vice President can be held therein must be derived from the governments insti