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Although the strict chronological order is often disregarded in these volumes, it is in most instances sufficiently observed. The worst deviation from it occurs in part of vol. 22. The papers are accordingly printed in the order in which they come. The difficulty of reference from the printed lists to the MS. vols. would otherwise have been materially increased. Vol. 35 forms an exception to the above rule, for a special reason stated at p. 140.

It has been found impossible since the issue of the report of last year to complete the revision of all the papers in this collection. The detailed notice given below relates to those papers only which form Division I, and Division IV., A. B. It is hoped that the revision may be brought to a conclusion in the coming reports of the Commission. The plan pursued has been to notice those papers only which are of historical interest.

I am glad to have this opportunity of expressing the obligation I am under to Sir James Lacaita, whose previous labours in arranging this collection have alone made it possible for me to make the progress I have in this notice; nor can I omit to mention the constant and valuable assistance I have received from the officials of the Record Office in the course of my work.

DIVISION I. Papers referring to the politics of the continent, 1754–69.

Vols. 1, 2, and 3. These volumes contain an account of Russia in 1767. On the title page is the line from Ovid, “Omnia bis dices “ vera fuisse mea.” The author gives a minute historical and statistical account of the country, and supports his statements by some very elaborate commercial tables and trade returns. He is equally careful in his account of the army, navy, and church. His opening remarks are that “we are to look upon the Empire of Russia in “ the light of a deformed child now arrived at the age of maturity, the force of whose constitution has so far conquered his natural defects, that however they may “ take away from his beauty they diminish nothing of “ his vigour.” Though in a chapter“ on the Genius and character of the Russians” he describes “the common “ people” as “lazy, indolent and sensual, knowing no “ happiness beyond the gratifications of drunkenness and gluttony,” “the clergy as brought very low,” “the gentlemen” as “ignorant and unprincipled ” and concealing their want of real culture by superficial acquirements, and the country as swarming with foreign adventurers, yet he nevertheless has a high opinion of the capacity of the nation for future progress and developement. He concludes by saying that “no nation “ labours under fewer natural disadvantages than Russia. Though by no means wealthy in proportion to her “ funds, though by no means populous in proportior, to “ her magnitude, yet within herself she is the richest " and with respect to her neighbours she is the most “ formidable power in the world.'

The author of these volumes in all probability was Sir George Macartney, as he describes himself as having had the honour of residing for some time in Russia in quality of His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary. His account of the country is addressed to General Conway as Secretary of State. Sir George was recalled in 1766, when it was intended to send out Mr. Stanley to negociate the scheme for a Great Northern alliance, as projected by Chatham. (See the note in vol. III. p. 18 of the Chatham Papers, and the passage there quoted from Barrow's Life of the Earl of Macartney, vol. I. p. 412. “I have “ made very ample collection of everything relating to “ this country, and shall with infinite pleasure impart “ to you and Ned all my stores.")

notwithstanding the influence of the Grand Duchess Catherine and the Imperial Chancellor Bestucheff.

Russia. Sir Charles Williams to the Earl of Holdernesse. Petersburg.

1st July 1755.-General account of his conduct in negociation, and sketch of the projected treaty.

31st July,
11th Aug. 1755.

1755.—Demand by Russia for a larger subsidy. 11th Aug. 1755.—Reply to this demand..

11th Aug. 1755.-Declaration that the treaty is to have no respect to a war in America or Italy.

Petersburg, 23rd June 1755.-Promising opening of the negociations. Characters of Ministers and sketch of the treaty. There are four who compose the College of Foreign Affairs,—the Great Chancellor, the ViceChancellor, Mons. Olsufiow, and Mons. Fugowirnikow. which latter person talks no language but the Russian. Funk, the Saxon Envoy, is a person of great influence; " he serves his court here better than ever any minister “ served a court, for which he is rewarded by being “ in arrear nine quarters of his salary.”

Petersburg, 11th Aug.-Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse, requesting that an additional sum may be granted to Russia by a separate article in the treaty.

11th Aug.-Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. The sums to be paid on the ratification of the treaty.

St. Petersburg, 2nd Oct.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Illness of the Empress. Character of the Great Duchess (afterwards Catherine II.). Her opinion of the Prussian Royal family.

2nd Oct.-Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Good disposition of the Court. Importance of Olsufiow.

Whitehall, 26th Dec.—The Earl of Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams, opening to him the scheme of the Prussian alliance.

6th Feb. 1756.—The Earl of Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams, instructing him in what manner to com. municate the Prussian treaty.

6th Feb.-The Earl of Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. On the disposition and conduct of the Danes.

Petersburg, 19th Feb.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. On the reception of the Prussian treaty.

1st Feb.-The Great Duchess of Russia to Sir C. Williams. On the ratification of the treaty with Russia.

Whitehall, 30th March.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. On an attempt of Russia to limit the sense of the treaty, and the alliance between France and Austria.

Petersburg, 20th March.-Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. State of the Russian fleet.

Petersburg, 11th April.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Umbrage taken at the Prussian alliance. The Vice-Chancellor not in the interest of England.

Whitehall, 21st May.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams, informing him of the treaty of Versailles. Negociations of France with the Court of Russia.

28th May.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. On the proposed mediation of Prussia between England and France. Answer of the Court of France to the proposed mediation of Prussia. Answer from the English Court.

Petersburg, 5th June. — Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Probability of Russia joining in the alliance with France and Austria.

Whitehall, 25th June.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. Reasons why Russia should not renounce the treaty with England, and join France.

Petersburg, 6th July.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Causes of the disaffection of Russia. French influence there. Bestucheff not ill disposed to England.

9th July.-Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. Request of the Grand Duchess to borrow a sum of money to be employed in favour of England.

9th July.--Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. The Great Chancellor requests a pension from England.

Whitehall, 6th Aug.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. To require an explanation of the designs of Russia with respect to Germany.

Petersburg, 9th July.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Hol. dernesse. Endeavours of Ct. Keyserling in favour of England. Ct. Schuwalow in the interest of France.

Whitehall, 6th Aug.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. Granting 10,0001, to the Great Duchess, and a stipend to the Great Chancellor.

31st Aug.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir C. Williams. On the Russians furnishing the French with naval stores.

Petersburg, 28th Sept.-Sir C. Williams to Lord

Vol. 3. This volume contains copies of the secret correspondence which passed in 1755-6 between the Earl of Holdernesse, Secretary of State under the Duke of Newcastle and the Duke of Devonshire, and Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, who had been sent to St. Petersburg to negociate a treaty of subsidy and alliance between England and Russia in view of the coming troubles in Europe. This treaty was traversed by the counter projects of Kaunitz and Mme. de Pompadour, which ultimately succeeded in gaining the adhesion of Russia to the treaty of Versailles and the league against Prussia,

-HLRQUIS

MARQUIS
OF LANS-
DOWNE.

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Holdernesse. On the march of the King of Prussia. Answer to the above document from England.
State of the Russian army. The Grand Chancellor 23rd July.—Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The
gained to the King of Prussia.

preparations of the King for war. Proposals of Eng-
5th Oct.—Sir O. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. land in case of a war in Germany. Answer by the
Russia invited to accede to the treaty of Versailles. King of Prussia.

9th Dec.—Sir C. Williams to Lord Holdernesse. 30th July.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. No
Russia determined to act against the King of Prussia, hopes of Russia. The King refuses to have an encamp-
and to accede to the treaty of Versailles.

ment at Wesel.
Petersburg, 23rd Nov.-Note from the Court of Russia 30th July.--The King of Prussia determined to stand
to Sir C. Williams. Offended at a hint of being desired by his engagements with the King of England.
to act as mediator between the Courts of Vienna and Berlin, 26th July.-M. Valory to C. Podewils, re.
Berlin.

monstrating against the Prussian armaments. Answer
Petersburg, 5th Nov.-The Grand Duchess of Russia of the King of Prussia.
to Sir C. Williams. Complaining of the influence of 18th July.—The King to M. de Klinggraeffer. De-
Count Schuwalow in favour of France.

manding to know the cause of the Austrian armaments.
9th Nov.-The Grand Duchess of Russia to Sir C. 30th July.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The
Williams. An attempt of the Schuwalows to engage King defers the march of his troops till the end of
her in their schemes.

August.
17th Feb. 1774.–Capt. Collier to the Earl of Shel Compiegne, 15th July.-M. Kniphausen to the King
burne. With an account of the Russian navy. Cap- of Prussia, On the object of the treaty of Versailles,
tain Collier had been collecting materials for a larger and the designs of France with respect to Germany.
work, but they had been lost on a wreck. His view of 26th July.--Memorial by the King of Prussia, re-
the future of Russia is not so favourable as that of Sir specting the French invasion of Hanover, and other
G. Macartney.

subjects.

6th Aug.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Dis-
Vols. 4, 5.

suading the King from taking the field, and urging the
These volumes, marked Prussia, contain copies of a defence of Hanover.
portion of the “ Mitchell ”correspondence. The letters 10th Aug.-Further reasons against beginning hos-
reach from 14th May 1756 to 15th December 1757. Only tilities. The importance of guarding against the French
one- from Lord Bute-is of a later date, viz., 26th May invasion of the Empire.
1762. Several of these letters have already been printed Potsdam, 2nd Aug.- Second instructions to M. de
in Mr. Bisset's Life of Sir A. Mitchell.

Klingræffen.
Whitehall, 14th May 1756.-Lord Holdernesse to 20th Aug.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The
Mr. Mitchell. Desiring the King of Prussia's interest • King consents to spare 10,000 men for the defence of
in favour of the Princess of Hesse. Change of the reli- Hanover. Reasons of the King of Prussia for his con-
gious persuasion of the Prince of Hesse.

duct in attacking Austria. How far he can assist
Berlin, 14th May.-Sir A. Mitchell to Lord Holder Hanover.
nesse. The Prince of Hesse disposed to enter into the Potsdam, 17th Aug.-The King of Prussia to Mr.
service of the King of Prussia.

Mitchell. Urging the necessity of being sure of the
14th May.-Opinion of the King of Prussia as to the armed support of the Protestant states of Germany.
Prince of Hesse, as to the designs of France, and the 28th August. - Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse.
conduct to be observed with respect to Sweden.

The King determined to march the next day. 14th May.-On the convention between France and

30th August.-Plan of the proposed operations. Austria. Disposition of Russia.

20th August. Answer to the memorial presented by
14th May.-Relating to the Prince of Hesse.

M. de Klingraff to the Court of Vienna. Remarks
18th May.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. On upon it.
no answer being received from Vienna.

26th August.-The third instructions given to M. de
Berlin, 27th May.—Sir A. Mitchell to Lord Holder- Klingraff from the King of Prussia.
nesse. Concerning the Prince of Hesse.

26th August.-Instructions to M. de Malzahn at Dres-
27th May.-On the designs of Austria. A French den, from the King of Prussia, containing his reasons
invasion of England is being planned.

for entering Saxony.
28th May. = Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Dresden, 29th Aug.-The Elector of Saxony to the
Giving him notice of the treaty between France and King of Prussia, granting a passage to the troops of
Austria.

the latter, but complaining of his conduct. The King
28th May.-Proposes to enter into the closest con- of Prussia replies.
nection with the King of Prussia, in order to defeat Petersburg, 28th Sept. — Sir C. Williams to Mr.
the designs of France and Austria.

Mitchell. The Great Chancellor gained to the King of
29th May.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On Prussia.
the loss of a portmanteau containing a despatch.

Sedlitz, 4th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse.
3rd June. --On finding that the despatches in the The King urges a proper attention to Holland. Much
stolen portmanteau had been burned. Arrival of Dou- provoked at the conduct of the French.
glass at Petersburg. Complaints of Sir C. Williams Nov. 1756.—Memorial from the King of Prussia to
and M. Cressener. Insolent behaviour of the former the King of England. On the conduct of the war.
at St. Petersburg, of the latter at Cologne.

Sedelitz, 4th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse.
Paris, 4th May.- To the King of Prussia. The The French and Prussian ministers withdrawn from
French disposed to make peace.

their respective Courts. Count de Broglie stopped at
8th June.—Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. En- Heidenau.
closing a copy of the treaty between France and 6th Nov.-Head quarters' at Sedelitz. On the King's
Austria.

designs respecting Wesel.
10th June.—Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The Dresden, 17th Nov. — Respecting the person who
precautions of the King of Prussia against Russia. A should take the command in Hanover.
paper by the King of Prussia, containing precautions Dresden, 19th Nov.-The King of Prussia to Mr.
with respect to Russia.

Mitchell. Communicating an account of the designs
15th June.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. An of France respecting both the Indies.
swer of the King of Prussia to the notification of the Dresden, 24th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder-
alliance between France and Austria.

nesse. Enclosing plans of operations, and the two fol-
22nd June.-Affairs at Petersburg. The King urgent lowing papers :-
to know what assistance he may expect from England. November.-Projet de Campagne pour l'armée des

22nd June.-The Duke of Brunswick willing to take Alliés.
part with England.

November.-Mémoire raisonné sur l'état present de
24th June.-Apprehensions of the King as to being l'Europe, et sur le parti qu'il conviendroit aux Alliés de
attacked. Thoughts concerning Denmark and the King prendre pour gagner la superiorité sur leurs ennemis
of the Romans.

dans la campagne prochaine.
25th June. — Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Cologne, 26 Nov.-Intelligence sent to Prussia, re-
Answer to the advice of the King regarding Russia, specting the French army.
Holland, and a fleet in the Baltic.

Dresden, 28th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder-
19th July.-Plan of a treaty with Prussia, and opi- nesse. Enclosing the King of Prussia's account of the
nions with respect to the dispositions of most of the campaign of 1756.
Courts of Europe.

8th Dec.-Doubts with respect to the designs of the
“ Memoire raisonné sur la situation presente de French. .
“ l'Allemagne,” by the King of Prussia.

Dresden, 9th Dec.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder

MARQUIS

MARQUI

OF LANS-
DOWNE.

OP LAS
DOWS

divided state of England, and that no fleet is sent into the Baltic.

11th June.-The King of Prussia to Mr. Mitchell On the advices from Petersburg.

16th June.--Copy of the verbal declaration from England to Russia in favour of the King of Prussia

16th June.-Copy of the 2nd article of the treaty between his Britannic Majesty and the King of Prussia.

Whitehall, 21st June.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Reception by Prince Gallitzin of the preceding declaration. Advices from Constantinople.

Leitmeritz, 29th June.—Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder. nesse. On the defeat at Kolin, and need of a subsidy.

2nd July.-The King of Prussia hopes that the new Administration (Pitt and Newcastle) in England will act with vigour.

5th July.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Rea. sons why a fleet cannot be sent into the Baltic.

Leitmeritz, 9th July.--Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On what terms the King of Prussia would make

e

peace.

nesse. Enclosing the following papers from the King to the English Court:

Decembre.-Moyens dont la Grande Bretagne pour roit se servir pour ruiner les projets de ses ennemis ou rendre la Guerre plus difficile. By the King of Prussia.

Decembre.—Mémoire concernant les principales operations projettées par le Cour de France pour la prochaine Campagne, Dec. 1756.

Dresden, 9th Dec.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. Force and designs of France.

December.-Proper quarters for the Hessian troops, as proposed by the King of Prussia.

Dresden, 13th Dec.—Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. Nomination of a general for Hanover.

31st Dec.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. The plan of the French for the invasion of Germany.

Dresden, 25th Dec.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On Russia declaring openly for Austria against the King of Prussia.

St. Petersburg, 11th November.—Sir C. Williams to Mr. Mitchell. On the impression made by the Prussian paper at Petersburg, and the journey of Prince Czernichew into Saxony.

Berlin 18th January 1957-Mr Mitchell to the Far! of Holdernesse. Desertion of several of the Protestant Princes of the Empire to the side of the Court of Vienna.

Whitehall, 8th Feb.- Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Of the attempts which are being made to detach England from the Prussian alliance.

Brunswick, 8th Feb.--Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. Against recalling Sir C. Williams from Petersburg. On the treaty with the Duke of Brunswick. Treaty of subsidy between the King of Prussia and the Duke of Brunswick. Treaty between the King of England and the Duke of Brunswick..

4th March.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. En. closing the preceding treaty.

Hanover, *26th Feb.--Mr. Mitchell to the Earl of Holdernesse. The Swedes take part against the King of Prussia. Behaviour of the Prussians in Saxony.

Dresden, 20th Feb.—The King of Prussia to Mr. Mitchell. On a fruitless attempt to detach England from Prussia. Advice as to the Russian fleet. Advices from Russia.

February.-Advices to the King of Prussia from Russia. Circular letter to the Russian ministers at foreign Courts, dated Petersburg, 21st Jan. 1757, against the King of Prussia. Hanover, 26th Feb.—Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder

• nesse. Complaining of the inactivity of Hanover.

Berlin, 5th March.-Enclosing a letter received from the King of Prussia.

Dresden, 27th Feb.—'The King of Prussia to Mr. Mitchell. Designs of the French respecting the invasion of Ireland and Hanover.

Dresden, 12th March.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. Complaints against Hanover.

16th March.-Desiring that the Duke of Cumberland may be sent to take the command in Hanover.

23rd March.- The King of Prussia wishes to employ the Prince of Hesse in Westphalia.

31st March.--Complaining of Hanover, and urging that the Duke of Cumberland be sent.

12th April.--Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. De. siring that the Prince of Hesse may not be employed in Westphalia.

Dresden, 4th April.--Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. Orders given relating to the Queen of Poland.

and Desertion of the Saxons. 15th April.-Treachery of Glaso, valet to the King

King of Prussia. Designs of murdering the King.

29th April.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. The King rejects the overtures from Vienna. On a treaty proposed by the Landgrave of Hesse Cassel.

Dresden, 19th April.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On the opening of the campaign.

Without date.-On the attempt to assassinate the King of Prussia. Account of the campaign of the two Prussian armies in Bohemia.

Camp before Prague, 17th May.--Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On the prospect of a peace after the successful campaign.

18th May.-On an attempt of the Court of Vienna to break the alliance between England and Prussia. How to dispose of the Prince of Hesse. The treaty with the Landgrave.

24th May.--As to the suspicion that the King of Prussia is treating with France.

12th June.-The King of Prussia complains of the

11th July.-Dangers from Russia. The King's chagrin at the conduct of England. Mr. Mitchell wishes to be recalled.

17th July. - Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. General state of affairs. Plan of the war. Subsidy to Prussia.

Pirna, 28th July.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The King of Prussia much offended. His generous conduct with regard to the subsidy.

Dresden, 11th Aug.–On the desperate state of the royal affairs. Denmark wholly in the interest of France. Difference between the King and Prince of Prussia.

Dresden, 31st Aug.-On the subsidy. Negociations respecting Hanover.

Erfurth, 17th Sept.-On the state of the affairs of the King of Prussia.

Whitehall, 23rd Sept.—Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. On the subsidy.

4th Oct. On the retreat of the Russians.

10th Oct-On the convention for Hanover. Troops of the Prin: of the Prince of Hesse.

7th Oct.-Resolution of the Privy Council with respect to Hanover.

London, 10th Oct.—Lord Holdernesse to the Prince of Hesse Cassel. To engage him to continue his troops in the service

10th Oct.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. De. siring that the King of Prussia would name a general for the army of observation. to

14th Oct. On the situation of Hanover. Terms of the subsidy

14th Oct.-On the assistance to be given to the King of Prussia.

22nd Nov.-Prince Ferdinand appointed commander of the army of observation.

Naumbourg, 15th Oct.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On the critical situation of the King of Prue

Leipsic, 24th Oct.- Encloses a letter from the King of Prussia, who apprehends that all assistance will come too late.

17th Oct.—The King of Prussia to Mr. Mitchell. Complaining of the treaty with the Landgrave of Hesse, and pressing for a fleet to be sent into the Baltic.

Leipsig, 30th Oct.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. About the general for the army of observation.

30th Oct.-A proposal to land some English troops at the mouth of the Elbe.

Friburg, 7th Nov.-Letter from the King of Prussia to Ge to George II., giving an account of the battle of Rosbach.

Leipsig, 11th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. The King of Prussia insists upon going into Silesia, leaving the army of observation to the command of Prince Ferdinand.

29th Oct.-Baron de Munchausen to Mr. Mitchell. To know whether the King of Prussia will yield Hanover any effectual assistance.

Leipsic, 11th Nov.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holdernesse. On Prince Ferdinand taking the command of the army of observation.

13th Nov.-Plan of the war in Hanover.

12th Dec.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. No squadron can be sent into the Baltic. State of Russia and Turkey.

Leipsic, 5th December -Mr. Mitchell to Lord Hol. dernesse. The retreat of the Prince of Bevern, and the surrender of Breslaw.

Itsbourg, 1st Dec.-On a letter received from Prince

OF LAX

QUIS Ferdinand. On the Landgrave of Hesse refusing to Roi d'Espagne comme Duc de Brabant, le 13 Fevrier MARQUN *** send troops.

1702. Also the concordat with Brabant of Limbourg.

DOWNB. Lissa, 5th Dec.-On the battle of Lissa.

Toutes les joyeuses entrées des Ducs de Brabant sont 22nd Dec.—Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Mitchell. Copy en Flamand ; et contiennent a peu pres les mêmes of the convention with the King of Prussia. As to the choses puisqu'elles sont moulées les unes sur les autres ; support to be given by England to Prussia.

au moins les articles essentiels sont les mêmes, mais Leipsig, 19th Dec.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holder ces articles sont quelquesfois transposés. Du reste, on nesse. The present a good opportunity for making n'a jamais traduit du Flamand en Francais que celle, peace, enclosing,

dont ou joint ici un exemplaire. Celle de l'Impera15th Dec.-Letter from the King, inviting him to go trice Reine qu'on peut aisement se procurer, est en to Breslaw.

Flamand. The joyous entry means the oaths, engageSt. James's, 26th May 1762. — Lord Bute to Mr. ments, and acts at a new sovereign's assuming the go. Mitchell. Reasons for discontinuing the subsidy, and

vernment of Brabant, usually taking place at Bruxelles. justifying his own conduct to the King of Prussia.

They are various. (This letter is copied in a totally different handwriting 7. Un mémoire concernant la province et les Etats from that of the preceding letters.]

de la province de Namur. , Ce mémoire présenté l'Etat Vol. 6.

actuel. In some respects a formal piece, but on the whole

explicit. A portfolio, lettered “Political State of the Low " Countries."

8. Mémoire de la manière dont le Corps des Etats de The italicised passages represent notes written in red

Luxembourg est composé, A great deal of detail in ink on the margin.

parts of it, but on the whole informing as to the subject. (1.) Political state of the Austrian Netherlands, both

N.B.-Accompanying the above there is a letter from

M. Gérard, Secretary of the Academy at Bruxelles, &c., past and present. Without name or date, but in the writing of Benjamin Vaughan.

to the Abbé Needham, giving an account of the collection (2.) Lettre de Mons. Gérard, Secretaire de l'Academie

and of the above. Also a list of books in French, Flemish,
à M. l'Abbé Needham, Directeur de l'Académie. 9 Oc- $c., on the government, &c. of the Low Countries.
tobre 1774. This letter is followed by a collection of
papers relative to the Low Countries, prepared by M.

Vol. 7.
Gérard for Lord Shelburne (whom he calls Milord This volume contains two sets of papers, the first
Sczelburn). These papers are

relating to German foreign affairs in 1756, the second
1. Mémoire sur les Etats Generaux et Particuliers to foreign affairs in 1765-6. The latter contains only
des Pais-Bas, sur la composition des Magistratures des notes and abstracts of despatches; in the former the
principales Villes du Pais (on ignore quel est l'auteur full text is given. Both sets are copies. The subjoined
de ce mémoire qui n'a jamais été imprimé, il paroit list contains a notice of the most important of these
avoir été formé vers le milieu du 17me siècle. On y papers.
& fait quelques notes sur des changemens survenus

I. depuis. Sufficiently well written. 2. Mémoire touchant la formé du gouvernement poli.

Vienna, 16th May 1756.- Mr. Keith, Minister at tique des Pais Bas et des Conseils et officiers qui en

Vienna, to Lord Holdernesse, on the manner in which composent le ministère, dressé en 1662 pour être envoie

the treaty with Prussia was received at Vienna. A au Roi, par le Président du Conseil Zovines. Very ill

long despatch of 37 pages. Précis de la reponse que

le Chancelier d'État et de Cour a donné à Mon.de composed and worse transcribed, no calmness in it, and intended chiefly to shew how their constitutions were to

Keith, 9 Mai 1756, au sujet de la communication du

traité de Westminster du 16 Jan. 1756. be corrected. But the piece contains general information on all the parts of the subject. Les notes qui y

Vienna, 16th May.--Mr. Keith to Lord Holdernesse. sont à côte sont du Conseiller Wynants et ont été faites

He asserts Kaunitz to be the sole adviser of the treaty au commencemen du 18° siècle. Notes written with

of Versailles. some little vivacity here and there, and correcting the

London, 11th June.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Keith,

on the mischievous nature of the treaty of Versailles. foregoing, particularly by enumerating alterations in the

Whitehall, 21st June 1756.- Lord Holdernesse to course of time, etc. (Ce mémoire n'est pas trop bien copié, mais on n'a dans le moment pu se procurer une

Mr. Keith. The latter is to engage Count Keizerling

to use his endeavours to draw Russia from the alliance copie plus exacte.)

with Austria, the former of these powers showing a dis3. Un memoire tres etendu concernant les Etats de

position to evade the treaty lately made with England. Brabant, dans lequel on voit comment ces Etats son

Answer of Count Kaunitz to the memorial presented composés, la manière dont ils s'assemblent, et commen

by M. de Klingraff, the 20th August 1756, demanding ils portent leur consentement.

on behalf of Prussia an explanation of the military preCe mémoire est extrait d'un Manuscrit, intitulé

parations of Austria. “ Remarques sur les joyeuses entrées de S. M., par Vienna, 4th Sept. 1756.-Mr. Keith to Lord Holder. “ M. de Pape, conseilleur fiscal de S. M., au conseil de

nesse, on the last declaration of the King of Prussia to “ Brabant, qui fut ensuite President du Conseil Privé.” the Court of Vienna. Il a été ecrit vers l'an 1670. Le reste du Manuscrit, 2nd Sept. 1756.--Memorial from the King of Prussia. qui contient des remarques sur chaque article de la demanding whether the Empress-Queen will attack him joyeuse entrée, n'est pas fort interessant.

in the space of two years. A plain calm piece, with good sense enough in it, rather 7th Sept. 1756.-Answer of the Empress-Queen to the leaning to the sovereign, but taking the people against the above memorial. Nobles. Very various in its matter.

13th Sept.—The “Conclusum” of the Empire against 4. Mémoire sur la manière d'imposer les charges en the King of Prussia. Brabant.

II. Ce mémoire est extrait d'un Manuscrit, intitulé “ Traité des charges publiques de Brabant par M. le 22nd June 1765.—Lord Stormont, Ambassador at “ Conseiller Wynants.” Il a été écrit au commence- . Vienna, to Lord Sandwich, Secretary of State in the ment du 18 siecle, et le reste du Manuscrit n'est aussi Government of Mr. Grenville, Vienna :guère interessant, s'y agissant des affaires de détail et Relating to the fortifications at Pless. qui dans le fond ne peuvent interesser qu'une personne 29th June 1765.—Relating to the election of a King du Pais.

of Poland.* Written with the same vivacity as the notes in the for 6th July.—(3.) Relating to the marriage of the Prin. mer page. The piece though popularly written is curious cess of Modena. enough however.

23rd July.-The Duke of Grafton, Secretary of State 5. Mémoire sur la consistance du peuple et corps de

in Lord Rockingham's first administration, to Lord la ville de Bruxelle, et la manière, selon laquelle ils se Stormont. To send an account of the state of the Court. comportent, pour donner leur consentement dans les

24th July.-Lord Stormont to Lord Sandwich, on the demandes qu'on leur fait. Ce mémoire a été formé marriage of the Princess of Modena. pendant le dernier siècle, les choses sont encore a peu

10th August.-Lord Stormont to the Duke of Grafton, près sur le même Pied; et le corps des villes de on the marriage of the Archduke Leopold. Louvain et D'Anvers (qui sont les autres chefs villes

Lord Stormont to the Duke of Grafton:du Brabant), sont a peu près composés comme celui de

21st August. -(1.) On the death of the Emperor. Bruxelles, et ont a peu près les mêmes reglements.

24th August.—(2.) On the consequences of his death. Clear, and goes into all the particulars.

6. Translat. de la joyeuse entrée de S. M. Philippe, • This relates to the events preceding the confederation of Bar.

MARQUI

MARQUIS
OP LANS-
DOWNB.

OF LANS DOWS.

Vienna, 23rd Aug.-Lord Stormont to Duke of Graf- loth March.- Lady Stormont dying. Asks for leave
ton. General policy of the Court of Vienna. The of absence.
men of this country retain their partiality to the old 19th March.-Mr. Langlois* to Duke of Grafton. On
system, and lament this Court being connected with the King of Prussia's management, respecting Saxony
those who cannot be cordially its friends.

and Poland.
30th August.-Duke of Grafton to Lord Stormont, on Vienna, 26th March.-On the affairs of Hesse Cassel,
the death of the Emperor, Francis of Lorraine.

and the Spanish armaments.
30th October.-- Affairs of Bohemia. Debts of the 2nd April.-Spanish armaments. Trading Company
State.

from Trieste to Cadiz.
30th October.—On the King of Poland sending an 16th April.-On the reduction of interest. Disposal
ambassador to France. Death of Count Bathiani, Pala- of the Archduchesses. Prince Kaunitz' influence with
tine of Hungary.

the Emperor.
19th Nov. 1765.-Duke of Grafton to Lord Stormont. 18th April.–Duke of Grafton to Mr. Langlois. On
Coldness of England towards Prussia.

the Spanish armaments. Affairs of Hesse Cassel.
14th Sept.-On the death of the Emperor.

• Vienna, 23rd April.-Mr. Langlois to the Duke of
14th Sept.—The new Emperor a friend to England. Grafton. Financial measures. Hesse Cassel.

4th October.-Duke of Grafton to Lord Stormont. 26th April.—Lord Stormont to the Duke of Grafton.
Sending the new credentials of the latter.

On the administration of justice.
21st September.-Lord Stormont to the Duke of 3rd May.-Intended repeal of edicts on foreign trade.
Grafton. 'The Emperor made co-Regent with the 7th May.-On the affairs of Hesse Cassel, Genoa,
Empress-Queen, but this arrangement not to apply to and St. Remo.
Hungary.

Vienna, 14th May.--Mr. Langlois to the Duke of Graf.
25th September.-The late Emperor died intestate. ton. Interests and prospects of Count Rosemberg.

10th September.—A very elaborate account of all the Projected marriages.
Emperor's dominions.

21st May. On the reduction of various expenses.
2nd October.-Conduct of the new Emperor. Economy 28th May.--Revolt of the peasants in Bohemia. Mr.
introduced. Discovery of frauds.

Langlois to the Duke of Grafton.
9th October.-State of the finances. The Emperor 4th June.-Jealousy of Prussia. Views of France.
liberally disposed.

Vienna, 11th June.—Mr. Langlois to General Con-
16th October.-Now determined to acknowledge the way.t Revolt in Hungary, and other disturbances.
King of Poland.

18th June.—Troubles in Hungary. Arrangement of
Vienna, 6th Nov. 1765.-On the respect paid to Prince Ministers. Payment of debts.
Poniatowski.

Vienna, 21st June.—Mr. Langlois to General Conway.
13th Nov.-Respect paid to Prince Albert of Saxony On an earthquake at Constantinople.
and Prince of Deux Ponts.

25th June.—Arrangement of Ministers. Visit of the
20th Nov. 1765.—On the intended marriage of Prince Emperor to the King of Prussia.
Albert of Saxony.

28th June.-French Ambasador disgusted.
27th Nov.-Encampments in Bohemia and Moravia. St. James's, 2nd July.-General Conway to Mr.
Views of the Emperor.

Langlois. Connection of Austria with France. Views
4th Dec.-On the notification of the death of the with respect to Prussia.
Duke of Cumberland.

2nd July.-On the troubles in Italy.
20th Dec.-Duke of Grafton to Lord Stormont. 9th July.-No visit to the King of Prussia. Various
Affairs of the Pretender. The old Pretender dying, the savings.
young Pretender asking the Pope to be recognised in

16th July.- Troubles at Milan and in Hungary,
all his father's titles. The Pope will be guided by the
conduct of the other European Courts. The Imperial

Vol. 8.
Court to be sounded on this subject.

Professes to contain copies of the correspondence
20th Dec.- Is sending a new cypher. State of between Mr. Pitt, Mr. Hans Stanley, and M. de Bussy,
American affairs.

relating to the peace negociations of 1761 ; but the col20th Dec.—The Emperor's affection for the Duke of lection is incomplete, the letters from Mr. Pitt to M. de Gerontine's daughter.

Bussy being missing. There are also several letters 11th Dec.-Lord Stormont to the Duke of Grafton. from the Duc de Choiseul in this volume. The On the exchange of Ministers at Berlin.

whole of this diplomatic correspondence is printed by
14th Dec. On the Polish Ambassador being sent to Mr. Thackeray with great fullness, partly in his text.
France.

vol. i. p. 510–79, and partly in his Appendix, vol. i.
21st Dec.-Conjectures as to the business of C. p. 507-602.
Rosemberg, Imperial Ambassador to Spain at Florence. Montreuil, 26th May.- Mons. de Bussy to Mr. Stanley.

28th Dec.- Emperor's attention to the finances and Apologising for not meeting him sooner.
army.

27th May.-Mr. Stanley to Mons. de Bussy. In
28th Dec.-Pacific designs of Austria.

answer to the preceding.
13th January 1766.-Ön an Ambassador being sent Senlis, 3rd June.- Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. An ac-
from Warsaw to France. State of Russia.

count of what he could observe of the state of France.
14th Jauuary.- Affairs of the Pretender. Prince

Paris, 8th June.-M. de Bussy's delay, and Mr. Stan-
Kaunitz will not encourage the recognition of the Pre.

ley's first interview with the Duc de Choiseul.
tender in his father's titles by the other European

9th June.-Postscript to the above. Belle-Isle taken

by the English.
Courts.
14th January.-General state of politics. Power of

"Paris, 12th June.-Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Conver-
Prince Kaunitz. No attachment on the part of the

sation with the Duc de Choiseul about Austria, Hano

ver, Canada, and Guadaloupe. Superiority of England. Emperor to the Countess of Gerontine.

Paris, 16th June.-Discourse occasioned by the taking
29th January.-A Polish Minister going to Paris.

of Belle-Isle.
Has private intelligence from Rome that the French
and Spanish Ambassadors are supporting the young. On the taking of Belle Isle

13th June.—The Duc de Choiseul to Mr. Stanley.
Pretender's claims.

13th June.—Mr. Stanley to the Duc de Choiseul. In
5th Feb.--On the death of Cornt Daun.

answer to the preceding.
8th Feb.-Of the marriage of an Archduchess to the Paris, 18th June.- Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. With
Dauphin.

the Duc de Choiseul's first proposals, and conversation
12th Feb.-On the above subject. State of the army

relating to them. The Duc de Choiseul's first proposals. after the death of Count Daun.

Paris, 23rd June.—Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Con19th Feb.-General Lacy made Field Marshal and

cerning Belle-Isle. Invasion of England, stocks, &c. President de Guerre.

28th June.-Discourse about the conduct of M. de
26th Feb.-Power of Prince Staremberg. The French

Bussy. Views of the Court of Austria. The fisheries,
alliance. Marriage of the Archduchess with the
Dauphin.

29th June.-Civilities to him from private persons.
28th Feb.-Duke of Grafton to Lord Stormont. On Characters of the foreign Ministers in France. Pro-
the Spanish armaments, which seem to threaten Por- bable ultimatum of France.
tugal.

Paris, 1st July.-Difficulties with respect to Dunkirk,
5th March.-Lord Stormont to the Duke of Grafton. Goree, Spain, and the fisheries.
On commercial disputes with Saxony.
12th March.-Of Prince Staremberg and of Hesse

. * Chargé d'affaires at Vienna during Lord Stormont's absence.
Cassel.

+ The Duke of Grafton resigned office as Secretary of State in May.

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