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MARQUIS
OF LANS-
DOWNB,

Paris, 12th July.-Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Prospect (in vol. i.) relating to the release of Count d'Estaing. of Spain interfering, if the war be continued. The The first letter is dated 17th Nov. 1761, and refers to Pretender. Engagement between France and Spain. the resignation of Mr. Pitt, also to the return of Mr.

Paris, 14th July.-Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Misun. Hans Stanley from Paris. The last is dated 22nd May derstanding about the fisheries. Articles of peace pro- 1763, and conveys to le Bailli Solar de Breille the sense posed by France.

which George III. feels of the obligations he is under Paris, 30th July.-Effects of the battle of Kirch- to him for his services. This correspondence seems to Denckern and the taking of Pondicherry.

me to prove that the Duc de Choiseul was sincerely Lumigni, 23rd July.-Mr. Stanley to the Duc de desirous, even at the time of the signature of the Choiseul. Acquainting him with the taking of Pondi. Family compact, for peace with England, which he cherry.

repeatedly urges must ensure that of Europe as a Paris, 4th Aug.-Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. The ulti necessary consequence. Indeed, it may be fairly said matum of France.

that, considering the terms of the Family compact, it Paris, 6th Aug.-Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Probable would be difficult to acquit Choiseul of something failure of the negociation, on account of the fishery like a breach of faith to his new ally in his wish to question. Character of the Court, &c.

make peace with his old enemy. Paris, 18th Aug.-Obstructions to the peace from I extract the following passage from a brief précis Spain and Austria.

attached to these vols., and signed S. P.-" The Count Paris, 19th Aug.-Proposals of assistance to France “ de Viry enters occasionally very familiarly into the from Spain.

“ state of parties in England, and speaks without re20th Aug.–Difference between Madame de Pompa “ serve of some of our first characters at that time, but dour and the Duc de Choiseul. The latter wishes for more particularly in Letter 6, vol. iii, which is indeed peace.

“ a very curious letter ; wherein he speaks very hand22nd Aug.-Sending Pr. Ferdinand against the Em “ somely of the Duke of Bedford, which is inore than press, is an obstruction to peace.

“ his Grace does of some of his colleagues. He says 26th Aug.-Sincerity of the Duc de Choiseul. Cha “ the Duke is fond of Lord Bute, but he believes that racters of the Comte de Choiseul and the Comte d'Aube “ Lord has more occasion for his Grace in support of terre. • Offence taken at Mr. Pitt's expressions.

“ his administration than his Grace has for his Lordship. 1st Sept.-Explanation of his former despatches. “ He is not averse to Lord Egremont, who manages him Island of St. Peter's. Engagements of Spain to sup “ extremely well. In speaking of his Lordship the port France.

“ Duke told the Count that he had the capability of Paris, 4th Sept. -Mr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Conver- “ being a good enough Secretary of State. He undersation on the nine first articles of the proposed peace. “ values Mr. George Grenville, and thinks him unfit for 5th Sept.-Island of St. Pierre. Denmark.

“ his post,* though they are upon good terms at present. 6th Sept.-Conversation about the Isle de St. Pierre, " Mr. Grenville knows how to manage him. He detests and the other articles of the proposed treaty of peace. “ Mr. Pitt, and which is worse, he will not allow him to Engagements with Spain.

“ be a good orator. The Duke of Cumberland and his Paris, 8th Sept.-Nr. Stanley to Mr. Pitt. Relating Grace are upon good terms, though they think difto St. Pierre. Hopeless state of the negociation. . “ferently on the present posture of affairs. His Royal 14th Sept.- On the fisheries.

“ Highness is for carrying on the war in Germany, the L’Isle Adam, 15th Sept.—Difference between Ma “ Duke is positively for peace; the Prince is not fond of dame Pompadour and the Duc de Choiseul. The latter “ Lord Bute, whom his Grace is particularly attached still for peace.

to. The Duke of Bedford is not out with the Duke of Paris, 19th Sept.-On the conclusion of the nego “ Newcastle, who declares himself more and more ciation.

“ against Lord Bute, but they are very opposite on the Paris, 20th Sept.-Mr. Stanley to the Duc de Choi- ·

.“ question of peace or war, the latter being for trying seal. Desiring a passport to return.

“ the issue of another campaign. The Duke of Bedford Versailles, 20th Sept.-The Duc de Choiseul to Mr. “ esteems not the President Lord Granville, but disputes Stanley, with the passports. Mr. Stanley's instruc- " not his understanding and abilities. He thinks highly tions.

of Lord Hardwicke, who retired himself from the St. James's, 19th May.-His Majesty to the most " Council on account of the Duke of Newcastle, though Christian King. Mr. Stanley's credentials. (This " he loves him not. He speaks boldly of Lord Mansfield paper is entirely out of its natural place.]

“ as a man of parts, but a mere splitter of causes 5th June.-Mr. Pitt to Mr. Stanley. Difficulties in “ (chicaneur), fitter to examine an affair than to make settling the preliminaries of peace.

“ an end of it, and for the Chancellor,t he considers 10th June.—The same difficulties continue.

“ him as an ordinary character enveloped in forms." 19th June.-Demand for the restitution of Belle-Isle. It appears probable that Mr. Adolphus had access to

17th June. -Memorial to M. Bussy. Concerning the these papers when engaged on his history of England, foundation of the treaty.

for (vol. 1, p. 96, ed. 1840) he states " from private 26th June.-Mr. Pitt to Mr. Stanley. Remarks on “ information," that the real business of the negociathe Duc de Choiseul's memorial. The ultimatum of tions between England and France was done through England. M. Bussy's trifling. The basis of the treaty the agency of the Sardinian envoys, and not by the Duc agreed to by France.

de Nivernois and the Duke of Bedford, who were accre. 20th July.--Reduction of Pondicherry. M. Bussy's dited to the Courts of London and Paris respectively delays.

after September 1762, with the nominal conduct of the 25th July.-Insincerity of France. The ultimatum affair. Several of the letters, it may be mentioned, are of England.

• in cypher. 20th Aug.-Promising a final answer to the ulti. Relating as they all do, with a few trifling exceptions, matum of France very soon.

to the same negociation, I have not prepared a complete 27th Aug.–To allow the French an Abri at New- list. foundland. Answer to the ultimatum of France. 15th Sept.—Mr. Pitt to Mr. Stanley. To demand a

Vol. 12. passport to return to England with.

A folio volume, entitled “Peace. French Correspon-
Vols. 9, 10, 11.

“ dence in 1762-3." It contains copies of despatches to

and from the Duc de Choiseul, Lord Egremont, and the These three volumes contain copies of the secret cor

Duke of Bedford, with several enclosures. respondence which passed in 1761, 2, 3, relative to the

Versailles, 14th April 1762.- The Duc de Choiseul to peace between England, France, and Spain, which was

Lord Egremont. Wishes for peace. Complains of the finally signed in 1763, and is known as the Peace of Paris.

harshness of Mr. Pitt, le Ministère (? ministre) de sa The great bulk of the letters are those of M. le Comte

Majesté Britannique en retour de notre franchise ne de Viry and M. le Bailli Solar de Breille, the Sardinian

nous à montré que de la secheresse, quelquefois de envoys at the Courts of London and Paris respectively.

l'humeur et toujours de l'obscurité. Besides these there are letters from the Duc de Choi

Whitehall, 19th May 1762.-Lord Egremont to the seul, the Comte de Choiseul, Grimaldi, Lord Egremont,

Duc de Choiseul. On the propriety of making peace with Lord Bute, two royal declarations from George III.,

France and Spain at the same time, but without including dictated to Lord Egremont for the purpose of enabling

the Courts of Vienna and Berlin. the latter to prove to the French Court the anxiety of

(1762).— The King's declaration to the Court of Spain, his royal master for peace, the Projet des articles de Paix dressé par la France, sent by the Duc de Choiseul through le Bailli Solar de Breillo and Viry to England, Leader of the House of Commons in 1761, and Secretary of State in

1762, in lord Bute's Government. two final terms of peace, and a further correspondence + Lord Heuley, afterwards Earl of Northington,

MARQUIS
OP LANG-
DOWNR.

DOWNE.

proposing to resume the negociation, as it stood when 23rd June 1661, for the surrender of Tangiers and the MARQUES the Earl of Bristol and the Count de Fuentes left the marriage of the Portuguese Infanta with King Charles,

OP LANS respective Courts (1762).

in Latin.
Versailles, 25th June 1762.-The Duc de Choiseul to (2.) England and Portugal, concluded at Westminster,
the Count de Choiseul. On the three points of dispute 10th July 1654. “A treaty of peace and commerce,”
between England and Spain.

in Latin.
10th July 1762.-Second article of Lord Egremont's (3.) Great Britain, Portugal, and the States General,
note of that date, relating to the settlement of Hon for a perpetual defensive alliance, concluded and signed
duras.

at Lisbon the 16th May 1703.
21st July 1762. - Extract of M. Grimaldi's Projet (4.) The Methuen treaty, 27th Dec. 1703.
d'articles preliminaires, transmitted by Cte. de Choiseul (5.) The treaty of Westminster, 16th Jan. 1756.
in his letter C. of 21st July 1762; with observations (6.) The secret article attached to that treaty.
thereon (probably by the Count de Choiseul).

(7.) Treaty of subsidy between England and Prussia,
Whitehall, 21st Aug. 1762.-Lord Egremont to Comte 11th April 1758.
de Choiseul. Preliminary articles with Spain.

(8.) The treaty of Versailles, 1st May 1756.
Whitehall, 7th Sept. 1762.-Lord Egremont to the (9.) Convention of neutrality between the Empress .
Duke of Bedford. Instructing him not to sign the Queen and France as regards the differences between
preliminaries but at the same time with the Ministers England and France in America, 1st May 1756.
of France and Spain, so as to obtain complete security (10.) The Family Compact, 15th Aug. 1761.
as regards Portugal. Of the Mississippi as a boundary. (11.) Treaty of Stockholm, 5th Feb. 1766, between

Calais, 8th Sept. 1762.-Duke of Bedford to Lord England and Sweden.
Egremont. Civilities on his arrival at Calais, enclosing. (12.) Commercial treaty concluded at Lisbon, between
a paper entitled Honours paid to the Duke of Bedford Denmark and Portugal, 3rd Oct. 1766, enclosed in a
at Calais.

letter from Sir Joseph Yorke, which follows.
Paris, 12th Sept. 1762.-Postscript of 13th Sept. to the (13.) Traité de commerce entre sa Majeste le roi des
Duke of Bedford's letter to Lord Egremont.

deux Siciles et les seigneurs Etats Generaux des pro-
Paris, 12th Sept. 1762.—Difficulties with Spain, vinces unies des Pais Bas, 15th Oct. 1753 (printed).
relating to the navigation of the Mississippi.

Copie du traité entre le roi (de France) et la repub-
Paris, 19th Sept. 1762.-Conversation with the French lique de Gênes sur la Corse.
and Spanish Ministers. The chief difficulties from
Spain. This despatch encloses the following articles

Vol. 14.
of the proposed treaty :--Article relating to the Bay of

(1.) Amusements du Sieur Jean Baptiste Bertrand Honduras. Article to the effect that the stipulations

dans son voyage de la Jamaique à Londres sorti de of preceding treaties for the benefit of English traders

Port-Royal par lesquels il fait une récapitulation très shall remain in force. Observations on the preceding

succincte de sa conduite depuis son existence. Fait en
treaties. Article 6, on the limits of Louisiana ; on the

1766.
limits of Canada.
Paris, 24th Sept. 1762.-On the evacuation of Cleves.

This volume, besides the account of M. Bertrand's

travels, contains a resumé of the various memoires on Paris, 25th Sept. 1762.-Difficulties with respect to

naval and commercial affairs, which he had laid at Spain.

various times before the French Court, from 1756 to Fontainebleau, 11th Oct. 1762.-Spain unwilling to

1761. He evidently held very strongly that it was make any compensation for the Havannah. Whitehall, 26th Oct. 1762.-Lord Egremont to the

rather the interest of France to cope with England at Duke of Bedford, with the Contre Projet in answer to

sea than support Austria against Prussia on land.

The French ministry at the beginning of the Seven
the Projet sent from France. Observations sur le Contre

Years' war was divided on this point; Machault being
Projet (by the English Ministers), sent as a commen-

of the former, d'Argenson of the latter opinion.
tary or explanation.
Whitehall, 26th Oct. 1762.-With instructions from

(2.) Lettres politiques et systématiques de M. le

Marechal de Beleisle à M. le Marquis de Montcalm
the Cabinet, subsequent to those from the Privy

y sur le rétablissement de la marine francaise, première
Council.
22nd Oct. 1762.-Advice of a Cabinet Council re-

partie.
pa

(3.) Ditto, seconde partie.
specting the Contre Projet, and observations upon it.
* 25th Oct. 1762.-Memorandums of alterations made

(4.) Réflexions préliminaires sur les colonies an.
in the Contre Projet, and Observations at a Council at

gloises en général. Anon.
the Lord President's house, the 25th Oct. 1762.
Fontainebleau, 3rd Nov. 1762.-Duke of Bedford to

Vol. 15.
Lord Egremont, relating to the Bay of Honduras.

Contains a memorial, without date, addressed to the
Paris, 23rd Dec. 1762.-On the clauses of the treaty French Government, on the necessity of establishing a
of Utrecht relating to commerce.

royal port in the north of France. It urges the claims
Paris, 24th Dec. 1762.-Difficulties with respect to of Boulogne as against those of Dunkirk, and comes
the treaty of commerce, enclosing some short ob apparently from the merchants of the former port.
servations on the “Projet de Traité definitif envoyé
“ par la Cour de Londres,” (by the French Ministers).

Vol. 16.
They object to the poetical language of the preamble, Compte rendu au roi Louis XVI. de la partie de son
which in their opinion recalls the line of Corneille

revenu qui consiste en droits à l'époque du premier Feb.
(Rodogune, Act 1. Sc. 1), “Enfin ce jour pompeux cet 1775. Par M. l'Abbé Terray, controlleur général au
“ heureux jour nous luit," a style which they consider mois de Juin et Juillet 1774. This is the statement
altogether out of keeping with the matter in hand.

which the Abbé Terray had to prepare after his fall Whitehall, 1st March 1763.–Lord Egremont to the from office at the accession of Louis XVI. It fills a Duke of Bedford. Difficulties with respect to the

very large and closely written octavo volume.

o
northern parts of Newfoundland. The memorial of
the several Towns, Merchants, and Subjects of Great

Vol. 17.
Britain engaged in the Newfoundland fishery.
Paris, 8th March 1763. Duke of Bedford to Lord

Contains a complete collection of the papers relating
Egremont. The French insist on their right to fish on

to the razing of the fortifications and the destruction
the north bank of Newfoundland.

of the harbour of Dunkirk, one of the constant aims of
· Paris, 25th April 1763.—Extract of a letter from the

English 18th century policy.
Marquis de Grimaldi to Mr. Neville, respecting the

Vol. 18.
fortifications at Honduras.

1763.-Extrait d'un Memoire sur les moyens à prendre Contains papers relative to the troubles at Geneva in pour faire payer aux Canadiens nouveaux sujets de 1766 and 1767. These troubles are those known as the I'Angleterre, les Billots de Monnoye que sa Majesté struggle of the “negatifs ” and “ representans." The Très Chretienne avoit établis dans cette Colonie 1763. quarrel originally arose owing to the expulsion of RousCopy sent to the Earl of Shelburne, as President of the seau for writing the Emile and the Contrat Social. The . Board of Trade.

citizens remonstrated, but their petitions were abruptly

rejected by the senate and council. Owing to previous Vol. 13.

quarrels, the meinory of which was still fresh, the contest A folio volume, bound in red morocco, and labelled a soon became serious, and extended to broader and more Collection of Treaties. It contains copies of treaties important issues than that originally involved. (See between

Planta, History of Switzerland, vol. 3, ch. ix., ed. 1807.) (1.) England and Portugal, concluded at Whitehall, The cantons of Berne and Zurich were, with France,

Ase

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DOWNE.

2013 the mediating powers of Geneva. It was apprehended ANS that France intended making an armed intervention in

tavour of the "negatifs.” The “ representans” looked to England for assistance, which, already anxious regarding the intrigues of Choiseul and Grimaldi, was, it was thought, more than ever likely to lend a willing ear to the complaints of the popular party. General Conway, the Duke of Richmond, and the Earl of Shel. burne were the English Ministers for Foreign Affairs during the period over which this correspondence extends. The papers in this volume, with the exception of the letters of Mr. Hutton, Mr. Maltravers, and Mr. Engel, are copies.

1. Abstract of the correspondence of Mr. Norton. English Envoy at Berne, with General Conway, from Ist April to 5th June, and with the Duke of Richmond, from 5th June to 22nd July, relating to the troubles at Geneva.

2. Malthanacius, ou méthode simple de lire les reflexions d'un citoyen non lettré sur la réponse aux lettres populaires sans se dévoyer des principes de la raison et de la loi. (A printed pamphlet.)

3. Malthanacius. 2e partie.

4. Representation de M. l'Avocat Trembley au M. C. des deux Cent du Vendredi 15 Novembre jour de la nomination du Procureur Général, et du Lundi 2 De. cembre 1765, suivie d'une letttre du même à un de ses concitoyens. A printed pamphlet. The Trembleys were one of the chief families of Geneva. By the con. stitution the Attorney-General had to be chosen by the General Assembly from a list selected by the Council of 200. The Council rejected M. Trembley from their list, and placed their reasons on record in the register. Against this proceeding M. Trembley protests, as the election was nominally secret.

5. A pamphlet (not dated) called “Genuflexion." containing a fierce attack on the Geneva consistory for making penitents pray for pardon on their knees.

6. Extract from a letter of the Council at Geneva to the Duke of Richmond, 16th June 1766, attacking M. Pictet, English Minister at Geneva, as one of the worst enemies of the established Government.

7. Extract from a private letter from a friend at Geneva to the Duke of Richmond, 27th June 1766, informing him that Mr. Norton is in constant communication with M. Pictet and with the representans, whose meetings are held at the house of the latter.

8. Extract of a letter from M. Crommelin, Minister of the republic of Geneva at Paris, to the Duke of Rich. mond, giving similar information, 3rd June 1766.

9. Letter from the Duke of Richmond to M. Pictet, dismissing him from his post as Minister, in conse. quence of the information given in the above letters, 28th July 1766. This letter was never sent. . 10. Duke of Richmond to the Syndics and Council of Geneva, informing them of the recall of M. Pictet, 28th July 1766. This letter was never sent, as the Duke of Richmond meanwhile had to leave office along with the other members of the Rockingham cabinet, and was succeeded by the Earl of Shelburne. M. Pictet was however ultimately dismissed from his post.

.11. M. Pictet congratulates the Earl of Shelburne on his position in the English political world, and announces the arrival of M. Pierre Trembley. 1st August.

12. Letter extolling the character of M. Pictet, and explaining the difficulties which had arisen as to his reception at Geneva as Minister from England. There is no signature to this letter.

13. Première réponse du mediateur françois M. de Beauteville écrite au bas de la representation que lui avoient faite les Commissaires des Citoieus representans et laquelle il leur rendit. A state paper, perhaps as insulting in tone as any state paper can be. Not dated.

14. Papier remis aux Commissaires des representans par les seigneurs médiateurs le 26 Juillet 1766.

15. Letter from M. Pierre Trembley to the Earl of Shelburne, explaining the state of affairs at Geneva, and imploring English assistance.

16. Letter from M. Pictet to the Commissaires of Berne and Zurich, explaining the case of the representans, and pointing out the intimate connection between the interests of Berne and Zurich and those of Geneva.

17. A paper entitled “ État succinct des affaires de " Geneve,” containing a clear account of the Genevese constitution.

18. Mr. Hutton, Genevese chargé d'affaires in London, to the Earl of Shelburne, giving an account of the continuation of the struggle (see Planta, vol. 2. ix., p. 252-3), and enclosing

(1.) A historical account of the dissensions, marked A.; MARQUIS

(2.) A plan of the method of balloting in the elections OF LANSfor the syndicate, marked D.;

(3.) A short extract from the “représentations” of 20th Aug. 1763. [Some further enclosures mentioned by Mr. Hutton are missing.] He promises to send shortly the paper which follows D. in this collection, viz., Mémoire sur l'État présent de la République de Genéve, 15 Juillet 1738.

19. Copie d'une lettre d'un Citoyen de Genéve établi en France, dateé de Paris le 19 Novembre 1766 (enclosed in Mr. Norton's letter of 26th Nov. 1766, which is missing).

20. 8th Jan. 1767.-Mr. Hutton to the Earl of Shelburne, praising the courage and resolution of the inhabitants of Geneva, and enclosing a letter from a friend in that town relating to the last “représen" tation."

21. 13th Jan.-On the same subject, and enclosing

(1.) A mémoire, entering at considerable length into the constitutional question.

(2.) Extrait d'un lettre de Geneve du 24 Dec. 1766, giving an account of the declaration made by Beaute. ville. “ S. E. fit appeler nos Commissaires et étant “ dans son lit il leur fit lire la déclaration suivante.” Further details as to the general state of affairs.

(3.) The declaration itself, dated 15th December. There is a duplicate of this further on in the volume, out of its place.

(4.) Extracts from letters from Geneva, relating to the movements of French troops, and the constitutional question.

26. 13th Jan. 1767.—Mr. Hutton to the Earl of Shel. burne, with extracts from Genevese correspondence. Tronchin is the author of all the evil. The French have formed a military cordon round the frontier. Ile encloses

(1.) Declaration of Beauteville, announcing that he is going to leave Geneva, and denouncing the représentans, against whom measures will be taken. 30th Dec. 1766.

(2.) Remarks on the above.

(3.) Très humble et respectueuse représentation faite à Messrs. les Sindics, par les Citoiens et Bourgeois représentans et remise par les Commissaires le 31 Dec. 1766.

(4.) Lettre de Genéve du 27 Dec. 1766, with (5.) Mémoire sur les affaires de Genéve.

27. 26th Jan. 1767.—Mr. Hutton to the Earl of Shelburne, enclosing

(1.) Extrait des régistres du Conseil de Genéve, du 7 Janvier 1767.

(2.) A letter from Geneva, of Jan. 1767.

(3.) The declaration of Zurich and Berne, made in identical terms, 7th Jan. 1767, and signed, Escher de Kaffekew, J. C. Heidegger.

(4.) Examen du plan de médiation. Copied in the finest copper-plate from the original, in Mr. Hutton's possession, with his notes on the margin.

28. 6th Feb. 1767.-Mr. Hutton to the Earl of Shelburne. Collections are being made to relieve the distress of the inhabitants. Importance of the trade cf Geneva to England.

Not dated.] Denounces the violence of the policy pursued by France, and encloses(1.) Mémoire sur les affaires de Genéve,

1ere partié. Apologie de la rejection du projet

de l'illustre médiation.
2e partie. Examen de la question de la

garantie.
(2.) A paper entitled “ State of Geneva."

(3.) Copie d'une lettre écrite d'un magistrat de Berne à son ami a Londres du 1 Jan. 1767.

(4.) A duplicate of Beauteville's declaration of 15th Dec.

(5.) Lettre de M. Engel de Berne (a friend of the représentans in that town), 17th Dec. 1766.

16.) Reflexions sur la Garantie, par je ne scai qui de Genéve.

(7.) Mémoire sur les affaires de Genéve.

12th Feb. 1767.-Mr. Joseph Maltravers, of Bath, to the Earl of Shelburne, enclosing

(1.) Copie d'une lettre écrite d'un magistrat de la ville de Berne a son ami à Londres le 4 Jan. 1767.

(2.) Copie d'une lettre d'un magistrat de Berne écrite a M. Malltravers le 24 Jan.

Letter without name or date from a Genevese to the
Earl of Shelburne.
Extracts from newspapers on Genevese affairs.

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MARQUIS OP LANSDOWNE.

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Vol. 19.

with observations relating to the differences between A folio volume. labelled Barbary States. It contains the French and English in America, sent to Sir Benjamin an account of the military and naval power of the four Keene, 19th Jan. 1756. piratical states of Barbary. No name or date given,

20th Jan. 1756.—Mr. Fox to Sir B. Keene, communi. but perhaps of 1765. At the end of the volume there is 11.- Am Mr Arch. Cleveland to Mr. Alexander

cating the treaty of Westminster with Prussia. a letter from Mr. Arch. Cleveland to Mr. Alexande

20th Jan.-Satisfaction to be made for the capture of Logie, dated Gibraltar, 25th Aug. 1765.

two ships taken by Admiral Knowles.

16th Feb. 1756.-On the King of Prussia's offered Vol. 20.

mediation to prevent a rupture with France. Encloses A folio volume, labelled Mr. Grenville's account of the the reply made to the King. Ottoman Empire, 1766. It is written in French, and 16th Feb.-Satisfaction to be made for the ships addressed to the Duke of Richmond as Secretary of taken by Admiral Knowles. Recall of the admiral. State. At the beginning of the volume there is an

13th Feb.--Sir Benjamin Keene to Mr. Fox, on the extract from the Earl of Halifax to Mr. Grenville, Am- intended invasion of Minorca. bassador at Constantinople, ordering him to obtain 24th Feb.—The answer to Mr. Rouillé's Memoire information about Turkey.

received with great approval by the Spanish Court.

24th Feb. 1756.-On the treaty with Prussia. AdVol. 21.

miration generally expressed for the ability with which A folio volume, labelled Army, and containing copy · it has been negociated. of a correspondence between Prince Ferdinand of 24th Feb. 1756.-Probable future conduct of France. Brunswick, as commander of the allied forces in Ger 24th Feb. 1756.--On the invasion of Minorca. many, Lord Holdernesse, Secretary of State, and the 15th March.-Mr. Fox to Sir B. Keene, on the proKing, relating to the military operations.

posed mediation of Spain between England and France, Windeken, 14th April 1759.-Prince Ferdinand to enclosing the reply sent to the Court of Spain. Lord Holdernesse, on the unsuccessful attack on

24th Feb.-Despatch received by M. d'Abreu, Spanish Bergen.

envoy in London, relating to a proposed mediation Whitehall, 24th April 1759..-Lord Holdernesse to between England and France. Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, in answer to the pre

Madrid, 1st March 1756.-Sir B. Keene to M. Amceding.

yaud, on the sincerity of Spain with respect to the
Ziegenhayn, 27th April 1759.--Prince Ferdinand to mediation.
Lord Holdernesse. His retreat after the affair of 1st April 1756.-Mr. Fox to Mr. Keene, on the
Bergen.

threatened French invasion, and the measures taken
8th May 1759.-Lord Holdernesse to Prince Ferdi. against it.
nand, assuring him that the King will contribute to the

4th March 1756.-Memoire from the Court of France, expenses of the recruits, and giving him an account of delivered by M. d'Affri to the States General, deterring the taking of Guadeloupe.

them from assisting England. Minden, 4th Aug. 1759.—Prince Ferdinand to Lord

23rd March.-Lord Holdernesse to Mr. Keith, on the Holdernesse, on his victory at Minden, and the defeat treaty with Russia. of the Duc de Brissac by the Hereditary Prince. “L'in Madrid, 22nd March.--Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox, on “ fanterie angloise à fait des prodiges de valeur. La the alliance between France and Austria. “ conduite des generaux Waldegrave et Kingsley a 5th April.--Reception of treaty with Prussia, at the “ été excellente, il est impossible qu'on puisse mieux

Court of Vienna, and the alliance of Spain with France. “ faire. L'artillerie britannique a fait merveilles. Les

Madrid, 13th April 1756.-Relating to Minorca. “ officiers qui la commandent se sont singulierement

13th April 1756.-On the alliance between France “ distingués.” The omission of any allusion to the and Austria. cavalry is significant.

10th May 1756.---Mr. Fox to Sir B. Keene. France 14th Aug. 1759.-Lord Holdernesse to Prince Ferdi- refuses all mediation. nand, in answer to the preceding. The dismissal of

dismissal of 7th June 1756.-Retreat of Admiral Byng. Alliance Lord George Sackville.

of France and Austria. 17th Aug. 1759.-Acquainting him that he is made Vienna, 16th May 1756.-Mr. Keith to Lord HolderKnight of the Garter.

nesse, on communicating the treaty with Prussia to the Oberstadtbergen, 13th Aug. 1759.—Prince Ferdinand Court of Vienna. His interviews with Kaunitz and to the King, complaining of Lord G. Sackville, and

Coloredo. A most interesting document. demanding his dismissal.

18th June 1756.—Mr. Fox to Sir B. Koene, to en21st Aug. 1759.-The King to Prince Ferdinand, deavour to prevent Spain acceding to the treaty beacquainting him with the recall of Lord G. Sackville, tween France and Austria. and the appointment of Lord Granby to succeed him. Antigola, 16th June 1756.—Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox,

21st August 1759.-Lord Holdernesse to Prince Fer on the alliance between France and Austria. dinand, on the appointment of the Marquis of Granby

11th July 1756.--Mr. Fox to Sir B. Koene, on the to succeed Lord G. Sackville. The news of the battle treatment of Spanish ships, the disaster at Minorca, of Cunersdorff had arrived in England (where it was

the position of the Sardinian Court, and other subjects. reported as a great victory).

Antigola, 30th June 1756.-Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox, Kampf, 21st Aug. 1759.-Prince Ferdinand to Lord on the alliance between France and Austria. Reception Holdernesse, giving an accouut of various successes,

of the news by the Pope and other powers. Naples in subsequent to the victory at Minden.

the French interest.
Wetter, 4th Sept 1759.-Prince Ferdinand to Lord Berlin, 22nd June 1756.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Hol.
Holdernesse, with thanks for the Order of the Garter. dernesse. The King of Prussia alarmed at the designs

Wetter, 5th Sept. 1759.—Prince Ferdinand to the of Russia, asks assistance of the English. General con-
King, on receiving the Order of the Garter.

siderations on German affairs.
Kensington, 14th Sept. 1759.—The King to Prince

24th June 1756.-The King of Prussia's sentiments Ferdinand, in answer to the preceding.

concerning the views of the several powers. His preKrosdorff, 7th Nov. 1759.--Prince Ferdinand to Lord parations. Holdernesse. Reasons for his choice of winter

30th July 1756.-Mémoire raisonné sur la situation quarters.

présente de l'Allemagne, sent to Sir Benj. Keene. The 7th Dec. 1759.-On recruiting for the next campaign. original apparently came from the Prussian Court.

Madrid, 27th July 1756.—Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox, Vol. 22.

on visiting Spanish ships. This volume contains copies of State Papers relating

18th Aug. 1756.--Mr. Fox to Sir B. Keene, on visiting to the negociations at the chief European Courts which

Spanish ships. Explanation of the treaty of 1667. preceded the outbreak of the Seven Years' war, a few

Berlin, 30th Aug. 1756.-Mr. Mitchell to Lord Holrelating to the war itself, the despatch of the Conde de dernesse. Plan of the King of Prussia's operations. Fuentes to Lord Egremont of 25th Dec. 1761, and an 21st Aug.-Answer to the memorial presented by unimportant Spanish correspondence after the conclusion M. de Klinggraff on 20th Aug. by Count Kaunitz, with of peace. No detailed account of this last set of papers remarks, apparently by the Prussian Court. is given below.

26th Aug.--The King of Prussia's answer to the 19th Jan. 1756.-Circular, by Mr. Fox, Secretary of memoire from the Court of Vienna, addressed to him State under Mr. Grenville, on the French incroach on the 16th Aug. (Compare Vol. 7, Part 1.) ments, addressed to the English ministers abroad, the Madrid, 8th Sept.-Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox, on the Earl of Bristol, Sir Benjamin Keene, Mr. Porter, Mr. seizure of Spanish ships. Suspicions of Spain. Castres, Sir James Gray, M. Villettes, Sir Horace Mann, Madrid, 8th Sept.- On the complaints regarding the Mr. Murray, Mr. Birtles. Memorial of Mr. Rouillé, English settlements on the Musquito shore.

Paris, 18th Dec. 1766.-Lord Rochford to Lord Shel. MARQUIS

OF LANSburne, on his having misunderstood the despatch of

DOWNE. the 29th. Apprehensions the French have of the Eng. lish settling the Falkland Isles.

Paris, 24th Dec. 1766.-On the Northern alliance. New difficulties in settling the differences with Spain.

Whitehall, 2nd Jan. 1767.-Lord Shelburne to Lord Rochford, on his misunderstanding the previous despatch. Final resolution with respect to the Manilla ransom and Falklands Isles. The misunderstanding in question was the following :--Lord Shelburne conveyed or intended to convey that neither the payment of the ransom nor its tantum could be made matter of arbitration. Lord Rochford understood the absolute refusal to apply only to the payment itself, in return for which England was to abandon the occupation of the Falk. land Islands, without however abandoning the right to occupy.

Vol. 24. A folio volume, labelled “Spain and Portugal.” It contains two letters from Mr. Devisme, of March and February 1768, enclosing Observations on Spain, and Mémoire pour servir de remarques aux trois mé. “ moires sur le Portugal faits par le Chevalier de " Mourier.” Both these papers are by a Spaniard ; the former is written in English, the latter in French. Following these is an account, in French, of the campaign of 1762 in Portugal, by the Count of Schaumbourg Lippe. All original papers.

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AEQCTE Madrid, 8th Sept.-On the treaty of 1667.
I LAFS 5th Oct. 1756. -Mr. Fox to Sir B. Keene, yielding
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with respect to the treaty of 1667. The Musquito
shore.

Madrid, 30th Sept. 1756.-Sir B. Keene to Mr. Fox, on the sentiments of the Spanish Court with respect to the conduct of the Northern powers, &c., and the state of opinion at Turin.

Ist Oct.-Attempts of the Empress-Queen to attach the Queen of Spain to her interest.

Madrid, 6th Oct.—Answer of the Queen of Spain to the Empress.

Escorial, 30th Oct.–On the first successes of the King of Prussia.

16th Nov.-The Court of Spain refuses to pay a sum dųe for cannon to the Empress-Queen under the convention of Nice. The demand for payment, a political intrigue.

4th Jan. 1757.—Mr. Pitt to Sir B. Keene. Dispute between Sir Edward Hawke and Mr. Bucarelli, com. mander of the camp at San Roque.

11th Feb.-Mr. Pitt to Sir B. Keene, on the accession of Russia to the treaty of Versailles. Plan of the next campaign.

Hague, 1st Feb.—Sir Joseph Yorke to Lord Holdernesse. Overtures of peace from France, made through the Receiver-General Slengelande. The States General to mediate.

8th Feb.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir J. Yorke. Answer to the overtures from France.

25th Feb.-Mr. Pitt to Sir B. Keene. Case of a French privateer in the West Indies.

Hague, 18th Feb.—Sir J. Yorke to Lord Holdernesse. The French recede from their overture.

25th March 1757.-Mr. Pitt to Sir Benjn. Keene, relating to the prize made by the “ Antigallican” privateer. (Most secret.)

Madrid, 6th March 1757.-Sir B. Keene to Mr. Pitt.
The same subject.
Madrid, 17th March 1757. The same subject.

5th April 1757.—Mr. Pitt to Sir B. Keene. The same subject; original in cypher.

19th April 1757.-Lord Holdernesse to Sir B. Keene. An attempt by Denmark to break the English alliance with Prussia Question of free ships. free goods. Despatch encloses,

(1.) Note du discours de M. Rantzow par rapport à la neutralité pour les pais allemands du Roi.

(2.) Précis de la réponse à donner à M. de Rantzow sur la proposition d'une neutralité.

Madrid, 21st April 1757.-Sir B. Keene to Mr. Pitt. Disorder of the Court. Growing interest of France.

26th Sept. 1760.-Mr. Pitt to the Earl of Bristol, on the logwood cutters and Newfoundland fishery.

16th Sept. 1760.-Mr. Pitt's verbal answer to the Conde de Fuentes on the above subjects. Sent to the Earl of Bristol, enclosing copy of despatch, dated 15th Sept. 1754, from Mr. Wall to Sir B. Keene, containing orders not to molest the logwood cutters.

26th Sept. 1760.--Mr. Pitt to the Earl of Bristol, with directions to read the despatch to the Spanish Minister.

25th Dec. 1761.-Copie d'un Mémoire remis le 25 Decembre 1761, à Milord Egremont, Secrétaire d'Etat de S. M. Britannique pour le department du Sud, par Monsieur le Comte de Fuentes, Ambassadeur d'Espagne en Angleterre, et que ce dernier a communiqué au Comte de Viry la nuit du même jour. (See Lord Stanhope, History of England, vol. iv. 375.) 31st Dec.- Reply of Lord Egremont.

Vol. 23. A folio volume, labelled “Manilla." It contains printed pamphlets, copies of the Earl of Shelburne's despatches, and original despatches of Lord Rochford from Paris, from 1765 to 1767, relating to the Falkland Islands and the Manilla ransom. The most important papers in this volume are those of

29th Nov. 1766.-Earl of Shelburne to Lord Roch. ford, refusing any arbitration in the case of the Manilla ransom, but stating that the proposal that England should abandon for the present the colonization of the Falkland Islands, as a set off to the immediate payment of the Manilla ransom, might be accepted.

Paris, 4th Dec. 1766.-Lord Rochford to Lord Shelburne. Hopes that the differences will soon be accommodated.

Whitehall, 12th Dec. 1766.-Lord Shelburne to Lord Rochford, on an unfavourable turn the negociations with respect to the Manilla ransom and other differences have taken.

Vol. 25. This volume contains copies of State Papers relating to Portugal, and some very elaborate trade statistics. The most important are the following:

Lisbon, 16th April 1760.-On the hostile disposition of France to Portugal.

30th May 1760.- Mr. Pitt to Lord Kinnoul. Assurance of support in case of an attack on Portugal. As to the ships taken near Lagos.

Lisbon, 21st June 1760.-Lord Kinnoul to Mr. Pitt, relating to the French ships taken near Lagos. Designs of France and Spain. Quarrel with the Pope. Vigorous despatch of the Conde de Oeyras (afterwards Marquis of Pombal).

Lisbon, 4th Aug. 1760.-On the differences with Rome. History of the late conspiracy, and general account of the condition of the kingdom. A long and important despatch.

22nd Oct. 1760.-Deduction, containing a particular account of the state of the cultivation and commerce of the wines of Alto Douro until the establishment of the General Company, and what has passed since that establishment until now, 22nd Oct. 1760.

Lisbon, 18th March 1763.- Mr. Hay to Lord Egremont. Commercial schemes of the C. D'Oeyras.

Lisbon, 21st Feb. 1765.—Designs of France and Spain on Portugal, &c.

31st Oct. 1764.—Memorial of the British Factory at Oporto, on the wine companies, &c., with remarks.

1751 to 1765. — General abstract of our exports to Portugal, from 1751 to 1765, both inclusive. Foreign goods and corn exported to Portugal. Imports from Portugal into England. Review of the trade between England and Portugal for one year stated in a mercantile manner.

1760 to 1766.-Observations on the negociations of England with Portugal concerning commerce, from the year 1760 to 1766.

1750 to 1765.-Long and elaborate statistics regarding the trade between England and Portugal, 1750-65. Account of the increase and decrease of our exports to Portugal, upon a comparison of the medium of the last eight years with the former seven. Account of the increase and decrease of our imports from Portugal, upon a comparison of the medium of the last eight years with the former seven years. The annual exports of Portugal. The publick revenue of the King of Portugal. The publick expenses of Portugal. Exports from Portugal to Great Britain, Ireland, and Colonies, to Holland, Germany, and the Baltick, to Italy, France, and Spain. Imports from Great Britain, and Ireland to Portugal. Do. from America, N. England, and Newfoundland, from France and Holland to do. Do, from Spain, Barbary, Sicily, and Italy, Hamburgh and Bremen, Denmark and Norway, Sweden, Dantzic, and Russia. Goods prohibited to be imported into Portugal. Goods imported into Portugal, duty-free. A general account of the state of Portugal.

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