Imagens das páginas



abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani usque Dominum the four evangelists. The opposite page presents Hugonem Abbatem ibm' cum quodam processu in painting of the Crucifixion with Saint John and the consistorio Eborac'de Ecclesiis Monasterii Sancti Albani, Blessed Virgin at the foot of the cross. Both paintings et prioratui de Tynemutha pertinentibus. De studio are surrounded by a rich ornamental border. The Canon Domini Abbatis. (In another hand) De exercitu is also enriched with three miniatures representing the Walliæ.

Elevation of the Host, the Elevation of the Chalice. Breviarium secundum usum Ecclesiæ cujusdam and the Crucifixion. There are twenty-five smaller Cathedralis in Scotia, ut videtur ; a small thick volume miniatures forming the larger initial letters, and the of 349 leaves of vellum in the original oaken boards, first page is a fine specimen of illuminated work. somewhat gnawed by mice. The use of this MS. is not 3. Liber obitus Domæ Habtreholme et Tyrwhitt in recognized, but it appears to have belonged to a church Com. Ebor. A MS. on vellum of the early part of the which had a bishop and a dean, an altar of the apostles, 16th century, with the litanies of the churches of York one of St. Stephen and one of St. Thomas of Canterbury. and Sarum. The arms of the families, for a member The Kalendar contains the names of many Scottish of whom the volume was executed, are illuminated saints; and against 17th of May is written, “ Conflictus throughout. MSS. of this class are of the rarest “ brechin, anno domini 1452;" against the 7th of June, occurrence, especially when connected with the province by the same hand, “Coronacio jacobi primi apud Sconam of York. “ in die dominica anno domini mọccccxxiiij.” This

A folio of 213 leaves of vellum in the old oak boards deeply interesting volume has been noticed by the

covered somewhat recently with calf leather and comBishop of Brechin in his recently published work (Ka prising two MSS :lendars of Scottish Saints, &c.)

1. The book of the Fraternity or Gild of the Holy The Holy Gospels in Greek. 'An 18mo. MS. in 2 vols.,

Trinity of Luton in Bedfordshire, containing the annual of the early part of the 13th century, containing the

accounts of the Masters and Wardens of the House from Epistle of Eusebius to Carpianus, and the Canons of the

19 Hen. VIII. to the feast of St. Michael next after the four Gospels. In the first volume there is this note in

accession of King Edward VI. a modern hand :-"Ex libris Jacobi Verschoyle," and

2. A MS. entitled on the last page of the previous on the last leaf of the second vol. the name “ Jo. Jones,"

+ MS., “Heare followeth the Courte Rolls of the Mannor of in handwriting of an older date. This MS. was bought for Lord Bute at the sale of the late Marquis of

“ Luton from the xth yeare of Edward the 4th to the

“ 5th & 6th of the Raigne of Kynge Phillipe & Queene Hastings' library.

“ Marye." An exposition in English verse of the Gospels from

This heading is substantially repeated on

the 1st page of the second MS. with the addition " to the the 1st Sunday in Advent to the 25th after Trinity. An octavo MS. of the 14th century, on 160 leaves of vellum.

“ first of Elizabeth.” There is only one roll belonging

to the reign of Edw. IV., two to Henry VII. and there are In the Narratio de quodam usurario, a quarter of wheat

. a few during the early part of Henry VIII., but from is mentioned as being sold for five shillings. On a

the 25 of Henry VIII. the series appears to be nearly if paper leaf at the beginning is written, “ This Book is the

not quite complete, and is of considerable interest with “ property of the Rev. Thomas Fisher, rector of Little “ Torrington, July 22, 1768."

reference to the history and topography of Luton and its

hamlets. Hora

The rolls comprise lists of homagers, preBeatæ Mariæ

usum Virginis, secundum

sentments, admissions, &c., chiefly in Latin but with an Ecclesiæ Sarisburiensis : a fragment of a fine small 4to. MS. of English execution, about the 14th century.

occasional mixture of English. Now and then we meet

with a quaint entry :-Juratores predicti volunt quod On the last page there is the rare introduction of English words in the Latin text.-"Jhu Mercy, Jhu

servi adulti istius parochie non debent ludere ad troculas Mercy, Jhu ladi sone Seynt Mari mercy, Jhu saviour of

et ad discos sub pena incarserationis in cippis per spatium

unius diei et noctis. alle ye worlde mercy.” On a leaf at the commencement in modern handwriting is the name “ Whit. Bulstrode," The Book of the Fraternity or Gild of the Holy and in handwriting of the 17th century, “Rogerus Trinity is an especially interesting MS. as throwing Grenewill est novus possessor hujus libri.”

light on the history of prices and wages, and the magniHoræ Beatæ Mariæ Virginis,-a small quarto officence of the feasts of our ancestors. The book is writter French execution on vellum, with miniatures and

with miniatures and in English in ordinary hands of the former half of the floriated borders.

16th century, and the accounts are arranged under the Horde Beatæ Mariæ Virginis,-a small quarto in following heads :--Receipts; Payments; Allowances to vellum of the beginning of the 16th century, and of

the Wardens for wages, Masses, &c. ; stondyng Dyrges, Flemish execution.

Dyrges of Casweltes, Expensis at the ffest ; miscellaneous Manuale precum ad usum Fratrum et Sororum Monas- items; Payments ; Reparacions. At the end of each year terii Syonensis. A quarto volume on vellum, contain

the accounts are balanced and the surplus entered thus. ing 42 leaves. Two others are wanting. In the com

(Folio 9):memorations of Founders and Benefactors the names " All thyngs content and payd. Left styll in the Box specially mentioned are those of Richard, Duke of York,

“ lxiijli-ije--viijd ob.” and his wife Cecilye, Henry V. and Edward IV., and

Then follows a memorandum of the goods handed their Queens, Şir Henry Fitzhugh and Sir Thomas over by the outgoing wardens to their successors. Fisshborn. The directions for the prayers for the sick The “Receipts” consist of 1st the balance "in the and dying, and for commemorations, are in English, “ ffraternity box;" the yearly contributions of the and written in red letters.

brethren and sisters on the feast day, varying from 671. In addition to these Church MSS., Mr. J. Godwin, to 161. ; money received in payment of debts, by way Lord Bute's librarian, has favoured me with a note of of gifts, and by the sale of superfluous provisions, &c.; three others in Lord Bute's library at Cardiff. They are “ Rentys of Assise” or assessed rents, and “ The fferme

1. Missale Romanum,-a French MS. of the 15th cen. “Rentys," or rents paid by leaseholders, which amount tury, on 700 pages of vellum, illuminated throughout on the average to 251. per annum. with initial letters in gold and colours, 9 initial minia- The heading “ Payments” occurs twice in the yearly tures, and two full page paintings. In the Calendar account. The first entry under this head relates to appears the name “ Gulielmus Bitaricensis Archiepisco- “ The owt Rentys,or rents paid by the fraternity for “ pus," and at the end there is a special service in lands held by them, of which the yearly average is about commemoration of St. Robert, founder of the Cistercian 358. The second includes items which throw an interorder. As Saint William of Bourges belonged to this esting light on the history of the guild and the ritual order, it is not improbable that the volume was exe- and ancient state of Luton Church. For example:cuted for a Cistercian monastery in that diocese. It is Item payd to ij lernyd men of the law bound in blue morocco, and is in a beautiful state of for our charter over seyng at London

nļ ijo!. iij. preservation.

and for Thomas Manynham costes. / 2. Missale secundum usum Sanctæ Ecclesia Aquensis. Fo. 7. A folio MS. on 870 pages of vellum, bound in morocco, Item payd for pentynge of the clothe From a colophon at the end it appears that the volume before the trinite and the frynge and } vil vi'. was presented to the Cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle by the settynge up therof. Dr. John Martin in 1466. It is a monument of mediæval Item payd for a boke at London to wrytel art, painted in the Low Countries in the style and at the constiticeones in. the period of Hemling, and not unworthy of his hand. Item payd for the constitecions wry-1 B At the commencement of the canon of the mass are two tynge bowthe in Englis and Laten..s exquisite miniatures occupying the entire pages. That Item payd for mendynge of the awter 2 d. on the left represents the First Person of the Trinity clothe of the brother auter. Fo. 24. S seated, the left hand resting on a globe, the right raised Item payd for wryttyng of a cowpy of in the act of blessing; at the corners the emblems of the olde charter.



dum :-“ Xchurch Hants, August 24, 1780. To the MARQUIS

ΟΡ ΒτΕ. " Right Hon ble the Earl of Bute, with Gustavus “ Brander's most respectful compliments.”

Registerium sive liber fundatorum magistroram custodum fratrum et sororum fraternitatis sive gilde sancte et individue Trinitatis ac beatissime virginis Marie ecclesie perochialis de luyton in com. Bedford. A small folio MS., embracing the period from 1475 to 1546, written in bold black letter by various hands during the latter part of the 15th century, and the first half of the 16th, and illustrated with numerous illuminations, which exhibit the progress of this department of art during the 70 years over which the register extends.

It is the same MS. of which mention is made in the Book of the Fraternity, but its present binding of olive green morocco is of the date of James I., with the royal arms impressed on the sides. It contains genealogical information relating to families of Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, and other counties, and coupled with the Book of the Fraternity offers a rich mine to local antiquarians. Notices of this MS. have appeared in Dr. Ingram's Memorials of Oxford, and in Shaw's History of the chapel in Luton Park. In the Topographica Britannica, Vol. IV., Nos. 3 and 4, page 53, Gough says that “this curious manuscript was purchased August 3, 1778, of Messrs. Leigh and Sotheby, at the auction of " Mr. Hingeston, bookseller, by Mr. James Matthews; “ who disposed of it to Dr. Bucarel, by whom it was “ presented Dec. 3, 1779, to Thomas Astle, Esq., who “ has since presented it to the Earl of Bute.” Ġough, however, is wrong in speaking of this MS. as containing the annual accounts of the Gild. He evidently mistakes it for the Book of the Fraternity.

Item payd to Thomas Kent for borde to mend the seytis with in the chapelle

{ and settyng up of the candy lstykes

ij $

! upon the beym. Fo. 39. Item payd to Thomas brother for peyn

tynge of the beym afore the brotherhed} xija.

auter. Fo. 39b.
Item payd towards the organys makyng?

Fo. 57.
Item payd for the ij standartts for the

hersse ij li. di (2) Ibs. of wax) and the xviij .

makyng of the same. Item payd for xijli wex for the trenytiel

lyght. Fo. 68b. Item to Wyllyam Barbour for makyng of

the trenyte lyght and the Standarttes . xx. ageynst the brotherhed day. Item for keveryng of the Register* - ij Item payd for an awter clothe ij. ells and

di in lenght and the makyng therof. } xxiija.

Fo. 87. Item payd for hollooyng of the same id

clothe. Item payd for harnes for a sogear. vid

156b. Item payd to the same sogear in money - ij*. vid. Under the heading “Allowances to Wardens,” a year's payment for “ Jhu's masse & our lade masse" is set down at 8s. (folio 72 b); and under “Stondyng " Dyrges," or payments for the annual dirges of bene. factors, in respect of houses and lands, there are such entries as the following ;-"Payd for John Attwell's “ dyrge for the howse that Thomas Wye holdys—ijk. vija. “ Item for Syr Joh'n Lamberts d. p'st for iiij acres of “ land in Maynden feld-ij". ixd.” (folio 62 b). “Dyrges “ of Casweltes," or payment for dyrges of persons apparently recently deceased, vary from 2s. ld. to 2s. 7d. It is unnecessary to point out the genealogical value of such entries.

The “expenses at the ffest" show the cost of such
items as the following :-



Weneger. Ffyshe.

Spyce (includ-


ing dates, Cokys. Pygges.

raisins, al Hastelers. Capons.


Wood. Chekyns.

suger, &c.) Turners.



From the miscellaneous items I make the following
extracts :-
Item payd to Henry Jacson for hewyngl xviija.

and makyng of xiiij formys. Item payd to Wylliam Nycolson for saw-1

ing of the same formys. Item payd to Henry Jackson for beyng 1

porter. Item payd for a gelebag and a strener. Item payd to Rychard Crond for beryng)

the baner afore the maystur and the } ijd' wardens. Item payd for lyverys at London iiij “l. viija

The heading “Reparacions," is also instructive on the rate of wages and the price of materials. For example:Item payd to Thomas Geyr and his man, 1

a day, for mendyng of the barne doris.}

Item payd to Thomas Tole for xmlof!

tylis. Fo.7 b. Item payd to Thomas Perot de bystot for wind

ij loods of sand.. Item payd to ij tylers and ther ij men for 1

vij days worke and di’and ther borde. S In the memorandum of goods mention is made yearly of certain articles of silver. In the account for 1545 there is an erasure in the place where the plate has been previously entered, and in the account for 1546 it disappears altogether. The Fraternity was dissolved by stat. 1. Ed. VI., and its possessions were in the following year granted to Randolph Burgh and Robert Beverley.

On the first leaf of the MS. there is this memoran.


MISCELLANEOUS. Gower's Confessio Amantis: a folio consisting of 162 leaves of vellum with illuminated border, initials, &c. written in double columns and in the early part of the 15th century. The first two leaves of the Prologue and two at the end of the volume are wanting. It is bound in Russia with the date 1393 on the back, a conjecture probably based on the fact that the poem was finished about that year.

A quarto volume containing :

1. Three miracle plays in the Cornish language, with translation, entitled “ Ordinale de origine mundi," “ Passio Domini nostri Jesu Christi.” “Ordinale de "Resurrectione Domini nostri Jesu Christi.”

2. Poetry, pedigrees, &c. collected from various Welsh authors, and in that language, by W. Salesbury of Llanrwst, in the time of Queen Elizabeth. The plays are a transcript from the original MS. given to the Bodleian Library by James Button, Esquire, of the county of Worcester, in 1615, and were printed at the Oxford University press, with a translation by Edwin Norris, 2 vols., 8vo. 1859. The poems, &c. have not been printed.

“Arguments concerning monopolies in Printing," and a treatise “concerning the printing of Bibles, by W. K.” A MS. written in 1667, one vol. 8vo. bound in the original vellum, and probably the work of William Kilburne, author of “Dangerous errors in several late printed “ Bibles." (1659.)

The Whiggs' Supplication, a mock poem in two parts, by S. Colvil. Printed in 1710, and at later dates.

A Common Place Book, at the end of which is the signature “The Right Hon'ble. Charles Lord Halifax. “ 1703.”

A paper folio entitled “Genealogie de l'illustre maison “ de Joigny justifiée par titres histoires et autre bonnes “ et certaines preuves. Par le sire D’Hosier gentil“ homme ordre de la Maison du Roy et genealogisto " et armoriste de sa Majesté.” It is a transcript in 1717 from the original vellum MS. made by the elder D’Hozier for Louise de Bellbrune* in 1638 with additions, bringing the genealogy of the house of Blondel down to 1717.

“Ricordi del M. Andrea Spinola per il buon Governo “ della Repca di Genoua." The original autograph MS. apparently intended for publication. Two thick vols. fol, on paper.

Chinese Latin Dictionary, probably compiled by one of the Jesuit Missionaries to China in the early part of the 18th century, 609 leaves, 4to. unfinished. The name of a former possessor“ Hugh Campbell, 1743,” is written in the volume.

A list of authors who have written in the French and Italian languages, arranged alphabetically with some notices of their works, 8vo. circa 1770.


* Now in Lord Bute's possession and mentioned immediately after the prosent MS.

* Leritiere de la branche aisnée et de la terre. Note to the MS.



MARQUIS An analytical catalogue of works on History, Mathe. Leonis Imperatoris, Constantinopolitani, vaticinia. Man OY BUTE.

matics, Philology, and miscellaneous Literature, in Francisco Barocio mendis expurgata ac primum iam 4 vols. folio.

Latino sermone donata. A small folio of the 16th A catalogue of French and Italian books and authors, century on vellum with 24 large and curious paintings. folio, 293 pp.

illustrating the prophecies of Leo, written for presenta: A copy of the Koran in Arabic, in the original oriental tion to Jacob Foscarini, of Venice, whose portrait and binding, large 8vo.

arms are on the 6th and 7th pages. It is in the original “A Journall from London to York upon a Survey on Venetian binding with the Foscarini arms in the centre “ the River of Ouze, wth a new Draught of it and the of each side. Humber from York to ye Main Sea wth ye Soundings, A small quarto of 26 leaves of vellum written in “ &c. Never done before, showing how far it is navi. the early part of the sixteenth century, and entitled. “ gable and where it wants to bee improved,” with “ Sensuit ung livret et traicte comment ung Prince on other papers having reference to the same subject, and “ chef de guerre quel ordre ou train il doit tenir pour also “Memoires upon Removeing ye Shoalls in ye River “conquister ung pays ou passer ou traverser le pays “ Thames, &c.," by Thomas Surbey, 1699. A folio on des ennemys, compose par messire berault stuard, paper, with plans and estimates. The writer was assisted " chevallier de l'ordre du roy noustre sire, son conseiller in his survey by John Atty and Benedict Horsley. The “ et chambellant ordinaire, et seigneur daubigny, en journal contains some particulars of local interest, and “ allant par luy en ambassade pour le roy au Royaulme the estimate of expenses is valuable as showing the “descoce ou il mourut, pour confirmer les anciennes prices of materials and the rate of wages. For example, “ alliance du dit seigneur appelle avec luy a reddiger et under the head “ Memoires of materialls, &c. at York," “ escripre ledict livret et tracte Maistre estienne le jeune there are the following entries :

“ natif dudict aubigny son segretaire et chappellain “Lyme is at 28. and 2s. 2d. per quarter Delivered at “ ordinaire.” On the first leaf is a fine illumination ye Place of Building.”

of the author dictating to his secretary; on the recto " The Best of oak timber from 20 to 60 or 70 foot in of the second leaf there is a large and fine representation a piece may be had for 16d. per foot, and ordinary at of the court of Francis I., a portrait of the King seated 12d. per foot Delivered.”

in the centre surrounded by his councillors, heralds, &c. “Carponters, Masons and Bricklayers have in Somer Three other illuminations represent the siege of a town, from 28. to 20d. per day, and in winter from 20d. to the defence of a town, and a captured town being set on

the defence of a town, and a captured 16d. per diem."

" Labourers demand 18d. per day in Somer and take A volume of heraldry and pedigrees containing the 12d. in winter. They commonly Dig cellars by measure " names of the Five Conquerors of this Island with at 8d. per yard and carie away ye rubish.”

“ theire armes ; " "the names of the Saxons that Similar particulars are given under the “Memoires” “ devided this Island into seaven Kingdoms," with at Nottingham, Derby, &c.

their arms, and “the names and armes of all such A journal kept by Captain Bart Sharpe in his journey noblemen as were in the tyme of Edward the Conover the Isthmus of Darien and expedition into the fessor before the conquest, or hath byne since created

"o fessor before the cong South Seas in 1680-1, with Captain Wood's description “ from the yeare (the year not stated) unto this present of the Straits of Magellan. A folio .vol., presented by “ 1606,” with a continuation to 1621. This is an William Hack to Lord Somers of Evesham, whose arms anonymous copy of the baronage (or armory of nobility) are emblazoned at the commencement. Printed with

commenced by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, who died in some variations in the 4th volume of Dampier's voyages. 1592, and continued by Robert Glover, Somerset, and Lond. 1729.

others. A small folio, beautifully written on paper, A volume of travels in Germany, Switzerland, France, with 624 numbered shields of arms in their proper the Netherlands, and Italy by Hugh Bethell, entitled colours. It contains notices of the kings and the “ Some memorialls of my travells as well from the

nobility. beginning of 1637 (that I first went to Hambourgh as

A catalogue of the peers and peeresses of England, “ a marchant) untill the latter end of 1649 (that I left

rankt according to their first creation for ye better “ that place to settle in England), as also from the latter

distinguishing their antiquity. Taken March ye 25th “ end of 1660 that I began my new travells upon

1713, 12th Queen Anne, and carried on to the 2nd of
“ pleasure until the 25 of Sept. 1667 that I returned
“ to England.” Folio.

George 1. A MS. on 9 pages of vellum. Sm. 8vo.
A journall of the planting, &c. executed at Mount-

A collection of arms taken out of Guillim Ashmole stewart from the first laying out of the gardens. By

and other eminent heralds, containing the arms of the my Father. May 1st 1737. A small quarto MS., holo

King (George II.), the Royal Family, and the peers graph, by the 3rd Lord Bute, the statesman.

and peeresses of England ; the arms of the peers and The following MSS. also claim Lord Bute for their

peeresses of Scotland; the arms of the peers and

peeresses of Ireland ; the arms of the baronets of author. 1. Observations on various plants. A MS. in quarto,

England ; the arms of the Knights of the Garter from bound in rough calf, and dated Canewood, 1753. Some

their first institution by King Edward III. ; and the of the notes are dated 1754. The greater part of the

arms, crosses, banners, &c. of the religious and milivolume is blank.

tary orders in the world, with a short account of their 2. Observations on plants, made at Canewood and

institution. (This account is wanting.) elsewhere : oblong 4to. From a note at page 2 it A printed book, 18mo., containing the arms of the appears that these observations were intended for the royal and noble families of England and Scotland, with use of Dr. Hill, the great botanist, but he died before explanations in MS. they were completed.

A Treatise concerning armes, and other precepts and 3. Botanical tables, with observations in MS., made rules necessary to be known by the nobilitie and gentrie at Canewood. 4to. This is apparently the “other of England. 1 vol. 4to. Paper. “Charles Mawsen book" referred to in page 2 of the oblong volume of “ ejus Liber, 1713.” Contains the arms of various noble observations on plants.

houses, bishops, &c. 4. A list of plants arranged under certain classes ; Proceedings of the most noble Order of the Garter, two leaves only of a 4to. copy book, the remainder being and documents relating to the same between 1623-84. blank.

L'ordre du St. Esprit. A folio MS. on paper, con5. An abstract or description of the habits of our plants taining the arms of the various knights of the order according to Hudson, Haller, and Hill. Apparently carefully coloured. Circa 1750. written by the Earl of Bute, but unfinished. 8vo.

Astrology, and the use of the Astrolabe, translated 6. A Ms. note-book of about 12 leaves respecting from the Latin of John de Monteregio by an English Sweden, its constitution, &c. 12mo.

astronomer of the 15th century, who commences his Catalogue of the medals, medallions, and coins in preface:-“ Ihesus, Marya, Be the lef of God y hope the collection of the Earl of Bute. 83 pages. Circa * to do his plesance, and to gefe mynd and understand1765.

ing to other of my nation.” A quarto MS. on paper A small quarto of the 16th century on vellum, bound of the latter part of the 15th century, in the old in old olive morocco, and entitled :-“ Ad sanctissimum wrapper. “ D. N. Sixtum Quintum Pont. Max. In dedicatione Lapis Philosophicus sive Liber verè aureus de per“ Obelisci Vaticani, et ejus præclarissimi gestis, Licen- fectissima Lapidis Philosophite ratione inventione “ tiati Ludovici Alonso Maldonado, Natione Hisp., et confectione, cum indice copiossissimo terminorum “ Patria Segovien, Epigrammata." The MS. contains hujus artis et rerum scitu dignissimarum ordine alpha22 paintings to illustrate the epigrams and a miniature betico descripto. A paper quarto, 1626. portrait of Pope Sixtus V., whose arms are impressed on Organum Astronomicum, by Joahnnes Temporarius. both sides of the binding.

A MŠ. on paper (109 leaves) of the early part of the

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MARQUIS OF 18th century. Illustrated with numerous diagrams, BUTE.

carefully drawn and coloured. One vol. 4to.

Processus Chemici, a Latin MS. on paper. Circa 1740. Bound in 2 vols. 4to.

An account of a self-acting Hydraulic Apparatus: the original MS. by Mr. Thom, dodicated to the Mar quis of Bute. Written on 13 leaves folio, and illustrated with diagrams, &c. Circa 1820.

An exact journal of the weather and the winds, the variations of the barometer, &c., during some parts of the year 1721. Made in Gt. St. George-street (no place named). In one vol., sm. 4to.

Probleme tres fameux pour trouver la Longitude sur la mer. By Leonard Christofile Sturm. 1718. A quarto of 48 pages on paper, in paper covers. ,

An exact journall of the variations of the Barometer and the Thermometer kept at Whiteball from Oct. 10 1716, to Dec. 3, 1721. 5 vols. 8vo. Bound in rough


Observations made at Kew Observatory between June 5, 1720, and Dec. 29, 1725.

A folio entitled “A supplyment to my course of “ Dialing in Schola Martis, 1731.” Par Jacq. Douglas, general aux armes de sa Majeste Britanique.

A collection of fifty original Chinese drawings, beautifully coloured by native artists, illustrative of the scenery and natural history as well as of the domestic life of China. Mounted and bound in one vol. Atlas folio.

Catalogue of English portraits, belonging to James West, Esq. Folio MS. 1771.

A report concerning the joining of the rivers Forth and Clyde. By J. Smeaton. 1767.

Compleat Treatise of the Construction of Mills. By L. C. Sturm. Apparently unfinished. One vol. fol.

Fundamenta Rei Herbariæ. Quarto, on paper. 1698.

In concluding this report I wish to express to Mr. John Godwin, Lord Bute's librarian, my grateful sense

: of his courtesy during my inspection, and to. thank him for the advantage I enjoyed in his intimate knowledge of the MSS. and of whatever could throw light on their history.


At p. 68 are shown the wives and children of Lord MarQUIS OF Edmund Howard, third son of Thomas Duke of Nor- NORTHAMPfolk; one of the children being Catherine Howard,

TON. wife of King Henry VIII.

At p. 72 appears Thomas Howard, Viscount Bindon (third son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk), and his four wives, and his children by the first three, and their issue. This pedigree ends on p. 74.

At p. 76 a pedigree begins with Thomas Howard (the victor at Flodden), and the list of his descendants ends at p. 81.

T'he next three leaves are blank.

Pages 88–130 are occupied with careful coloured , drawings of tombs, effigies in stone, marble, alabaster, brass, and stained glass; and copies of inscriptions in the churches of Farffeild, co. Norfolk, Midleton, co. Norfolk, East Winch, co. Norfolk; the private chapel of Tendring Hall, in the parish of Stoke-Neyland; the church of Stoke-Neyland, co. Suffolk; Weeting church, co. Norfolk; Long Melford church, co. Suffolk; Lambeth church, co. Surrey; Framlingham church, co. Suffolk, and Dover Castle church, co. Kent.

Pages 136-510 (except a few blanks) are occupied with careful copies (or abstracts) of deeds, wills, and fines, and extracts from Domesday Book, the Pipe Rolls, the Close, Patent, and Plea Rolls, and Inquisitions; the old English chroniclers, and manuscripts in private hands ;* and copies of a few more monumental inscriptions. The seals to many of the documents are beautifully copied with pen and ink. Red ink numerals over names in these copies and abstracts refer to corresponding numbers in the pedigrees. The documents support the pedigrees.

Pages 531-537 contain an alphabetical index of names.

A finer heraldic volume than this need not be wished for. The drawings and their colourings are of the first class, and the last in the volume are as carefully done as those at the beginning.

The title-page is architectural. Two Corinthian columns guard an arch in which is written the title (given above). The arch is surmounted by the shield of Howard supported by two angels. Each of the columns is flanked by two niches, containing full length miniatures of a Duke, an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron. In the centre of the pediment is a Queen seated (probably intended for Catherine Howard); to the right of her are the Ducal arms, Mowbray in the 1st quarter; to her left the arms of the Earl of Arundel with quarterings. To the left of one pedestal is the crest of Howard surrounded by the Garter, and surmounted by an Earl's coronet; to the right of the other pedestal are the arms of Howard (gules, a bend between six cross croselets ficheés argent), surrounded and surmounted in like manner. Between the pedestals of the two columns is a picture of a band of armed horsemen pursuing retreating cavalry. The winged cherub's head above the battle piece is the only thing to detract from the perfection of this title-page.

The armorial bearings throughout (one hundred and ten shields, in the pedigrees, besides many more on the copies of tombs and glass windows) are of perfect workmanship, and their gold and colours are undimmed. As the pedigrees show the wives and daughters of the Howards, so the shields show the armorial bearings of the wives and of the husbands of the daughters. In the monuments the artist has given the shades and veinings of the stone and marble ; and the texture of the Purbeck marble is admirably represented. The copies of the brasses in Lambeth Church are marvellous.

The tradition is that this volume was executed by order of a Howard. From the date on the title-page (1638), and the fact that a whole page is devoted to the “atchievement” of Thomas Earl of Arundel and the enumeration of his titles, it may be concluded that it was executed for that Earl. He died in 1646, a troublous time. I cannot believe that this man, who was so proud of his ancestry, would have hesitated to pay well for it; he being a good patron of art. After completion in 1638 the volume may well have remained with Lilly for the purpose of being supplemented: and after the Earl's death, his executors may well have hesitated to

The Most HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS OF NORTHAMPTON MARQUIS OF Has liberally sent for examination a heraldic manuNORTHAMP

script which for beauty can hardly be surpassed or even TOX.

equalled. It shows the genealogy of the noble house of Howard from A.D. 970 to A.D. 1638. It appears that the volume was formerly lent to Mr. Howard of Corby Castle, who in the preface to his rare work, intituled Memorials of the Howard Family (fol. 1834), acknowledges the loan and the services which it rendered. But he gives no indication of the rare beauty of the volume which he thus used.

The volume measures, in its binding, about 16 inches by 12 inches. It is bound in red velvet; in the centre of each side is the shield (of 8 quarters) of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel (ob. 1646), surrounded by the Garter and surmounted by his coronet. These, as also the large and bossed ornaments at each of the eight corners, and the clasps, are of metal, heavily gilt.

The volume commences with the title,

The genealogie of the princelie familie of the Howards, exactly deduced in a right line from the xvih yeere of the raigne of King Edgar, sole monarch of England in the yeere of our redemption DCCCCLXX., before the Norman conquest 96 years, to this present xiiijth yeere of the raigne of our dread Soveraigne Charles, by the grace of God King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c., MDCXXXVIII.

Collected and disposed by the industry of Hen. Lilly, Rouge Dragon.

This volume consists of 271 leaves of thick vellum, of which the first and last leaves and a few of the intermediate leaves are blank.

After the title-page the pedigree begins with Howard a Saxon, and is continued in a right line to p. 47, which shows Thomas Howard as eldest son of Henry Howard, who was the second son and successor of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, who died in 1646, and to whose shield, crests, supporters, mantling, and titles, p. 50 is dedicated.

At p. 52 Thomas Howard, Lord Howard of Walden (so created in 1579), who was a younger son of Thomas 4th Duke of Norfolk, and his descendants, are shown, down to p. 56. ..

At p. 60 and thence to p. 64, Lord William Howard of Naworth (who is said to be living anno 1637), and his descendants, are shown.

Among others, register of the monastery of Sibbun, co. Suffolk ; the notes of Glover, Somerset Herald; a MS. in the custody of Samuel Roper of Lincoln's Inn; the book of the priory of Lewes; the Red Book of the Exchequer; evidences of the Earl of Oxford in the custody of Fabian Phillips: the evidences of Sir John Peyton; original deeds at Arundel House; the Register of St. Alban's Abbey; an old roll of charters in the library of Simon D'Ewes; the book of the monastery of Ramsey in the Exchequer; an old MS. in the possession of Sir John Biron, K.B.

† At the time of the execution of this volume, a coronet for a Baron had not been invented. 1 His lineal male descendant is the present Duke of Norfolk.


MARQUIS OF pay a large price for a volume the charges for which NORTHAMP

perhaps had not been definitely arranged between TON.

Lilly and the Earl. But the fact is, that the volume remained with Lilly until death, and from Lilly's representative, Compton, Earl of Northampton, purchased it; and his descendant, the present Marquis of Northampton, is now the owner.




OF WESTMINSTER, AT Eaton Hall, Co. CHESTER. MARQUIS OF Although Eaton Hall was undergoing very extensive WEST- alterations, his Lordship most liberally requested Mr. Al.

len, his agent there, to allow an inspection of his MS. volumes for the use of the Commissioners; and I have to thank Mr. Allen for the great facilities which he gave me for examining them.

The volumes are upwards of 50 in number, and below I have given a notice of each. Of the 3rd (Piers Plowman) a rather full notice is given because it seems to differ from the texts lately published by the Early English Text Society.

There is a fine copy of the chronicle of Henry of Huntingdon ; Statutes of the realm from Magna Charta to Edw. III.; a copy (made in 1629) of the celebrated Scrope and Grosvenor roll; collections for Cheshire history and pedigrees; copy of Secretary Cecil's negotiation with France in 1597; notices of Walter and Robert Devereux, Earls of Essex, Sir Walter Raleigh, Mary Queen of Scots, Geo. Villiers, Duke of Buckingham; copies of Lord Bacon's letters; curious account of a visit to the nunnery at Little Gidding. Treatises by Sir C. Corn. wallis ; cases in the Star Chamber, tempp. James I. and Charles I. ; a Description of Ireland; copies of Letters and Instructions by Henry VIII, and Wolsey to various ambassadors, and of their replies ; copy of letter of Bishop Williams regarding the place for the Communion Table, and other matters noticed below.

The Muniment Room was not open ; but Lord Westminster kindly directed a copy of the Calendar of deeds (made by William Beamont, Esq., of Warrington) to be sent to me in order that I might thence extract points of interest. This Calendar briefly describes 645 documents, of which 600 are before the reign of James I. From the introductory notice which Mr. Beamont has prefixed to the Calendar, the remarks below on the calendared charters will be drawn.

Besides the deeds calendared by Mr. Beamont, Lord Westminster has a series of charters formerly belonging to Reading Abbey ; these are of extreme interest. Copies of them are given in the 20th and 22nd volumes of the Archæological Journal, accompanied by illustrative remarks from the pen of Mr. Albert Way.

The manuscript volumes will be first 'noticed. Nine are on vellum ; the others are paper.

Small folio, vellum, 15th century. Speculum humane Salvacionis. 87 leaves; bound in blue velvet, with silver mountings. Begins, Incipit prohemium cujusdam nove compilacionis. The work is in 45 chapters, and has a table of three pages at the end. The text seems to be the same as that of the block book. Small folio, vellum, 15th century. Augustinus de doc

turo Angustinus dedos trina Christiana; in four books; bound in violet velvet, with silver mountings. Begins, Libros de doctrina Christiana cum imperfectis : Ends, quantulacumque potui facultate disposui. in

Folio, vellum, 15th century. The vision of Piers
Plowman (76 leaves). Begins,

In a somer seson whan soft was pe sonne
I shop me in to a shrowedes as I a shep were,
In abite as an hermite unholy of werkes

I went wide in pe world wondres to here.
fo. 2. b. Passus primus.

Now what the mountayne be menep & pe merk

dale And all pe feld full of folk & I shall 3ow faire

shewe. Ends, 4. b. Now have I told ye •what treuß is þat no

tresour is bettre I may nolengre dwell, now loke ye to oure lorde.

Secundus passus de visione.

3 it kneled I on knes & criede here of grace. Ends, 7. a. Bope wepe and wrong whan she was a tired.

Passus tertius.

Now is mede pe mayde no mo of hem alle.
Ends, 10. b. And make of a lawe a laborere suche love

shal arise

Quartus passus.
Cessaß now quod pe king I soffre 3ow no longere.

Ends, 12. 6. As longe as I leve be we go togedres MARQUIS OP Passus quintus.

MISSTER. The kynge & his knyghtes to be cherche went. Ends, 16. a. To have grace treup for to fynde.

Sextus passus.

Zit were pere fewe men pe way þeder coupe. Ends, 17. b. Thou myghte gete grace so pu go be tyme.

Septimus passus.

Cessep now quod pe kyng I suffre 3ow no lengre. Ends, 21. b. And pus say} sire Satorn & sent 3ow to


Passus octavus

Treupe herde telle here of & to Piers sent.
Ends, 23. 6. That at the dredful dome we did as he

Sequitur prologus de dowel et dobest.

Thus I robed in russet romed aboute.
Ends, 25. a. Here is Wyll wold wete of witte coup him

Primus passus dowel.

Sire dowel quod witte dwellep not a day hens.
Ends, 27. b. And his wykked wille pat many werkes

Passus secundus de dowel.

Than had witte a wyf was hote dame stirdye.
Ends, 29. b. I can teche ye no bettre; I saide gramercy

madame and mekly her grette. Cap. XII. Tertius passus de dowel.

I went wightly my way wiþ onte more lettyng. Ends, 31. b. Wiþ oute penance at here partyng into be

hie blisse.

Quartus passus de dowel.
Cap. XIII. Alas I say quod olde & holynesse bope.
Ends, 34. b. That rote is of roberes pe gret richesse

Passus quintus de dowel.

Iblyssed evere be poverte for he may go unrobbed.
Ends, And Zit was he in a studie & poght his name to

telle. 36. b. Passus sextus de dowel:

I am ymagenatif quod he ydel was I never. Ends, For al bep as God wole, & per wip he vanyst. 39. b. Passus septimus.

And I waked perwiþ witles nere honde.
Ends, Et alibi veluds surgentium civitatis, &c.

Octavus et ultimus passus dowel.
fo. 43. Alas pat richesse shal reyne & robbe mankinde.
Ends, 48. To begge or to borowe but of God one.

Explicit ultimus passus de dowel et incipit

primus passus de dobeter.
Here is none such I saide bat some tyme ne

52. Cursus resurrectionis ad vitam eternam : amen.

Secundus passus de dobeter.

Leve liberum arbitrium est quod I beleve as I hope. Ends, What he higte & whedre he wold and wyght

lyche he us tolde. 53. b. Tertius passus.

I am spes a spie quod he & spere after a knyght. Ends, And went away as pe wynde & per wiþ I awaked. 59. b. Quartus passus.

Wolleward & whole hede went I forth after.
Ends, There may no grisly gost glide per it shadowep.
Cap. Sell
Cap. XXIII., 65. b. Primus passus de dobest.

And as I wente by Þe way as I was pus awaked.
Ends, 76. And siþ he gradde after grace til I gan wake.

Explicit tractatus III, Piers Plowman nomi.

natus. In a later hand follows:

And when I wyllerly awakyd I wrote all thys

And theys mervallys that I met on Mawlverns

In a seson of somer as I softe nappyd
For the people after ther power wold prefere after

That the tregure most tryed & triacle at neede.*
Now God grannt us bys grace to make a good end
And bryng us all to the blysse as he bowghte us
on the roode. Amen.

R. H.
On the last leaf is the autograph of Richd. Grosvenor
(17th century).

Small folio, vellum, 14th century. Summa Canonum secundum Raymundum [de Pennaforti], double columns, 162 leaves.

Begins, Quoniam ut ait Jeronimus.

* The words in italics are written on an erasure, but by the same hand.

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