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SEVERAL LETTERS FROM BISHOPS. [zen, ESQ. 1635, 1636, and 1637.--Richard, Bishop of Sodor and

Man, to Dr. Thomas Legh. (5 letters.)

1702 and 1733.-Two letters from Thomas, Bishop of Sodor and Man.

1687.- Thomas (Cartwright), Bishop of Chester (1)
1705.- Nicholas (Strafford), Bishop of Chester (1).
(1714-1725.) Francis (Gastrell), Bishop of Chester (1).
(1725-1752.)—Samuel (Peploe), Bishop of Chester (1).




These are well preserved in a good muniment room, and are easily referred to by means of a catalogue made by the late Mr. Harrod.

The rolls, deeds, and letters are numerous, and a few miscellaneous volumes add to the interest of the collection.

The rolls and books of account of this ancient family are particularly interesting; a good selection from those of the year 1519 to the year 1578 was made by Mr. Daniel Gurney, and is printed in the 25th volume of the Archæologia. Some of the letters and papers have been printed in the fifth volume of the Norfolk Archæology, and in Blyth's History of King's Lynn (8vo, Lynn, 1863).

Household Accounts.. 2 & 3 Edw. III. Roger de Holm. 15 & 16 Edw. III. Hamon le Strange. 16 & 17, 18-19, 18, 19 Edw. III. 21 & 22 Edw. III. John de Camois, &c. 22 & 23 Edw. III. Hamon le Strange. 23 & 24, 24, 26, 43 & 44 Edw. III. All the above are on rolls of vellum. The reference in the catalogue is N. H. 1–12.

The following are in paper books :1519 to 1526. Sir Thomas le Strange.

1519-1533, 1530-1537, 1540, 1548–1550. Sir Nicolas le Strange.

1530. Sir Thomas le Strange. (N. H. 13).

1531, 5, 6, 9, 1540, 4, 9. Sir Hugh le Hastings receipts and payments. (N. H. unbound).

1578. Sir Nicolas le Strange. 18 pages. Receipts and payments. Not in Catalogue).

1585-1663. Miscellaneous. P.5.
1606–1621. Sir Hamon and Dame Alice le Strange.

1621-1633, 1633–42, 1645-1654, 1650–1653, 16521662. Dame Catherine Calthorp.

All the above, except 1530, are under the references
P. 1-12.*

1700 to 1713. Sir Nicolas le Strange. P. 13.
1763 to 1781. Nicolas le Strange. P. 14.

In the rolls the purchases are entered daily, and what was taken from the store. At the end is the sum of the money spent and what was taken from the store.

N. H. 13 is of 23 leaves of paper. The receipts of money are at the beginning, and the expenditures follow. Court rolls and rolls of bailijs accounts and receiver's

accounts. These are very numerous.

Hen. III. Court rolls and bailiffs accounts for the manor of Heacham.

4 & 6 Edw. I. Court rolls for the same manor (a long series). · 24 Edw. I.-Henry VIII. Bailiff's accounts for the same manor (about seventy).

1270–80.-Hen. VIII. Receivers rolls for the same manor.

Hen. III., Edw. I., Edw. II., Edw. III., and other reigns. Terriers for the same manor.

Mustrell.-Deeds and court rolls for this manor, tempp. Edw. III. & Edw. IV.

Snettisham manor, 47 Edw. III.
Little Ringstead Terrier, Edw. II.

Hanstanton Court rolls. 40 & 41 Hen. 111., a long roll of 6 membranes.

50 & 51 Hen. III., two rolls, together about 6 feet long.

4-34 Edw. I. (fourteen).
1-10 Edw. II. (twenty-one).
10 Edw. II.-1 Edw. III. (twenty-five).
1-11 Edw. III. (forty-eight).
11-15 Edw. III. (thirty).
15–19 Edw. IIl. (twenty-four).
19-23 Edw. III. (five).
23 Edw. III. to 1. Ric. II. (thirty).
And a regular series to 1665.

The roll for 40 & 41 Hen. III., has on the dorse entries for the Litcham Courts for the same period.

On this roll is an entry of a plea between John Bagge and the men of Quinbroc concerning the moneys called Brenpeneg. The jurors (named) say that the said John or his ancestors never gave or were used to give the said moneys. And John gave 58. for the inquest.

Richard Olger gave to the Lord 2s. for having an inquest touching the moneys for Inlagere. And all who were on the inquest of John Bagge say that neither Richard Olger nor his ancestors ever gave moneys for Inlager.

Presentments for brewing and selling by short measure. Wager of law (three-handed).

Henry and all the Lord's servants complain against Alan Cloch that he said that they sold the Lord's straw for ale Amerciaments for sheep not lying in the Lord's fold. Amerciaments for not doing suit at the mill.

The Court present that Hamo Faber is a leper, and also two others (named); so four men are ordered to see that they get lodging elsewhere.

Henry Malpas sold 4 acres of land to William Hulur, and the mother of the said Henry holds ten acres in dower, and the wife of Henry holds 5 acres, and Mary the sister of Henry holds five which the said Henry assigned to her when he took journey to Jerusalem. Four years have passed and it is thought that he is dead ; so Emma [Henry's wife?] married Hugh the merchant of Tirstone.

Alice daughter of William Carpenter married Hugh the Miller without license, and has two sons and two daughters. She paid to the Lord 28. for the marrying without license.

A rental of Lucham, with the amounts of the rents, paid at the 4 terms, and the names of the tenants (84). Many a name has "et soc” added intimating that he had co-tenants. (Total 61. 18s. 64d.)

Names of the counties of England.

An entry of 218. 9d. from the goods of Richard Cumpanion of Lucham, who was hung.

On the roll of the 50 Hon. III., I noticed the follow- · ing entries :

A man amerced 20s. because he caused his son to be ordained (priest] without the Lord's license.

Names of the brewers in the vill of Hunstanton at two times; nearly all were women. At the foot of one list is the note all have broken the assise.”

Under the heading Huckstere are the names of five women, and the note “ All have sold by false measure."

Names of all the tailors.

The Assise of Ale was one lagena for åd.; and it was ordered by the whole community of the vill that no brewer should sell hukesters ale before all the men of the vill had bought, under a penalty of 2s.

There are many bailiff's accounts for Hunstanton, from the reign of Edw. III. downwards.

A 4to volume, vellum, 15th century, 71 leaves ; contains Extracts from the Red book of the Exchequer; and (earlier in the century) Knights' fees for Norfolk; 10 b. Humyherd. Johannes Peverell tenet in Meltone Magna di. feod. mil. de honore de Hattefeld panell viz. de dño rege in capite. Idem Johannes, &c. (P. 16.)

Folio, vellum, 15th century, 33 pages.

Particulars of the account of Edmund Oldhall, late Sheriff of Norfolk. John Gurnay, late Escheator of the King in the same county, and John Whele and Simon Baret, collectors of a certain aid of 20s. as well of every knight's fee as of every 20 pounds of land held of the King in socage, 1 Dec., 3 H. IV., for the marriage of his eldest daughter Blanche, then aged 14. (The words the marriage have been erased.) P. 18.

A folio volume of Churchwarden's Accounts for Snettisham, 1474-1538.

Another folio volume of the same, 1588-1666.

At the end of the second volume is a “ Collection of “ remarkable particulars formerly incident to the office “ of Churchwardens of the Parish,” by Charles Cremer.

* In 1611, claret was 2s. per gallon; sugar, 18d. and 19d. per lb. Four grains of musk, ls. Two pair of coarse stockings, 128. In 1631, two pair of stockings, 6s. Seven yards and a quarter of green satin damask, at 128., for a petticoate, 41. 78. Three ounces of silver lace to bind it. 168. 8d. Four yards of yellow say to line it, 8s. 3d, Two yards of riband to bind it, ls. In 1613 , gunpowder, 2 lb., 2s. 10d.

Ancient customs of Heacham (2 pp.) at the beginning of a large folio volume, intituled Extentæ of the late

H. S. LE Duke of Norfolk, afterwards of Philip, Earl of Arundel,

· made temp. Miles Corbet, farmer of the manor, 8 Eliz

(Q. 33).

(1669.] Part of a Journal abroad of Sir Nicolas le Strange, temp. Louis XIV. He mentions the body of Louis XIII. as being still unburied at Paris. (N.E.)

A small 8vo vol. of 104 pp. Travels from London to France and Italy, Begins at Nov. 4, 1713 (interesting).

A thin folio, of 50 leaves of paper, contains in writing of the 15th century,

A treatise, in the shape of letters, on alchymy, pur porting to be by Roger Bacon; beginning Rogerus Bacun, Johanni Parisiensi salutem et si totum quamvis minimum. Cum ego Rogerus rogatus a pluribus sapientibus de separatione ignis ab oleo, que est quod tibi mando unum verbum de opere alkimico videlicet unum in quatuor et quatuor in unum ; et hoc est l; 2dum est de mixtione; 3m de proporcione. In istis tribus verbis consistit ars : maledictus sit, cum istas tres cedulas simul et semel habuit, nisi fuerit theologus vel homo sane mentis ...

fo. 2 a. Dictio secunda. Salutem. Cum promisi mittere duas cedulas se sequentes, unam ut dixi tibi mitto et hoc de commixtione ....

fo. 3a. Salutem. Cum de ponderibus utilis sit distinctio.

fo. 10 a ...... et si aliqua dicta sint penes te ligata rescribas et solvam ligamenta cum auxilio unius dei in trinitate et trinitatis in unitate. Valete. Finit littera tercia de secretis naturæ in qua latet sapientia mundi.

fo. 10 a. Questiones inter Kalid regem et Morienum philosophum.

fo. 13 a. ends vix ab aliqua nisi suis compositoribus intelliguntur.

fo. 13 a. Incipit disposicio sapientis ad optacionem ....

fo. 13 b. Totam nostram scientiam quam ex libros antiquorum abbreviavimus compilacione diversa in nostris voluminibus hic in summam unam redegimus.

fo. 17 b. . . sufficienter ubique karissime fili sophisti. carum fantasias, retulimus.

fo. 42 b. Dixit Abhuali abvicine ....
50 a. ends dixi tibi Alexir, si intelligas. Explicit.

Then follows a table thus headed :-De tractatu Rogeri Bacun contenta in tribus libris in quo latet sapientia mundi. The last leaf being much decayed, the whole of the table is not legible; but enough remains to show that the work by Bacon is concerning alchymy and astrology

Letters. A thick folio volume of letters, 1480-1714 (Q.) From these I made notes of such passages as were interesting.

(1486 ?), Dec. 4, Westminster. Henry VII. (his initials) to Sir William Hastings, Kt.-It was agreed between Sir John Wingfield and Elizabeth late wife to your son and heir, for marriage of his son and heir to one of his (Sir John's) daughters. Elizabeth died before the covenant was engrossed. Since, the said knight has agreed with our cousin Dame Margery Lady Roos, William Wentworth and William Hopton having full power, &c. to accomplish the covenant. Nevertheless Sir W. Hastings not being agreeable, intends to alien great portion of the livelihood that by descent should come to the said child : warns him not to do so.

... Sept. 4. The Earl of Suffolk (autograph signature) to Sir William Calthorp.-Calthorp vexes the sureties of John Balhed, late his under sheriff in Suffolk. Directs Calthorp to assign a place in Suffolk for him to account and get his obligation released.

Sept. 22. The Duke of Norfolk (autograph signature) to Sir William Calthorp, Steward of his household. Notice of his coming to Norwich next Tuesday on the King's business in Norfolk and Suffolk.

Nov. 24. Dame Isabel Saqueyyle to Sir William Calthorp ...on the matter of her late father's will.

Robert Osborn to Maister Calthorp. (Cotemporary copy of letter sent to Bryan Stapilton, squier.) “The gentilwoman your sister when not only to her great “ hurt I upon trust unwarely wedded but also to my “ grete hindrance & discomfort & many wise being de“ laied of her duties by my Lady Dacre, her sister " ... Complains of the conduct of her sister, and asks aid and advice.

June 1, Staple Inn. William Dengayn to Sir William Calthorp.

My Lord Howard went unto Calais the week before, with whom met three ships of Esterlings & bickered together & were slain of his servants 16 persons, &

he toke a boat & escaped, & his ship driven upon

H. S. I the sands. Also the King has restored the Countess of STRANG Warwick to all her inheritance, and she has granted Esa. it unto my Lord of Gloster with whom she is; and of this divers folks marvel greatly. I trust we shall have peace, but it is thought by likelihood the contrary. Sir, horanges nor pongarnetts yett there be come noon; as soon as any shall come, I shall send, with God's grace.

A business letter to Sir William Calthorp at Yarmouth, from “ your own priest perpetual frere Peris of “ Seynt feythis.”

1549, Oct. 4. E. Somerset (at Hampton Court) to Sir William Farmer, Kt.-Complains that without just cause he demanded money of the bearer William Bull, as by bill of complaint enclosed; he does not credit the complaint, asks Sir William to tell him the condition of the man and the answer to his bill, and to do justice.

Queen Elizabeth (autograph signature) to ..... -She has forbidden exportation of grain to the King of Spain's subjects in the Low Countries ; some barley and malt(5,000 quarters) has been shipped: yet she authorises him to pass it. (The price was high and exportation was not good for the country.) Date gone.

J uly 25, 7 Car. I. Charles R. (autograph) to Sir Edward Bacon, Kt. and Bart., and other commissioners for Norfolk.-Has renewed commissions for receiving fines for those not appearing to be knighted at the Coronation. Has appointed Sir Hamon le Strange, Kt., collector of the moneys to be levied in that county.

1633, March 10. John Hassall, and five others, to their tenants.-About aid for repairing the spire of Norwich Cathedral.

1640, July 15. The Earl of Holland, Hamon le · Strange, and others, to Capt. James Calthorpe, lieut.. col. of a regiment of foot at Basham.-They have re. ceived letters to muster the train bands; direct him to augment his band and muster them at Hampton Green on Monday the 12th of August.

1640, Oct. 7. Holland, and others, to the same.About troops. Tell the people that if any be slain or die in the service, the wardship of the heir shall be given to the mother, or next of kin; and that if the heir be of full age, he shall have livery of his lands without any payment.

1640, Nov. 13. Mordaunt to his brother James Calthorp.-Every day brings us rare news of my Lord Lieut. of Ireland, accused for high treason by the Lower House. Sir G. Ratcliff, his favorite, sent for over out of Ireland, as particeps criminis. My Lord desires that what he has done by His Majesty's command, His Highness would be pleased to justifie him in, and what he has done by the advice of others, that they may suffer the same punishment; and what he has done of his own head, he desires to stand and fall as the Courts of Parliament shall judge of him. The first is totally denied him; the King, as he can do no wrong, so cannot advise amiss, but the actions of his instru. ments are their own, for which they must look to it; and if His Majesty teach amiss, they must not put in execution that are his servants. Some wagg or other hath set over the Parliament door Pray remember the Judges; as if they had been too long forgotten. This day passed our subsidy to supply the soldiers of both armies for the present. I shall take order with my Father Pepys for your 1001.

1644. Copies (4 leaves) of letters containing notices of sessions, orders for musters, raising of men, notices of movements of troops.

1651, June 9. James Calthorp to Charles George Cook, Esq.-Complaint about rating by the committee in town.

1651, June 11. The reply by Cook.

1651, May 5. James Calthorp to E. J. Cook (at Norwich).- About the value of the town of Earl Bosham for rating. (And other letters by him on the same subject.)

(1653.) Sir Thomas Browne* to Sir Hamon le Strange.--About his strangury.

1653, June 11 and July 7. The same to the same.

1653, Sept. 27. The same to the same. On the same subject, with a prescription.

(No date.) The same to Lady le Strange.

Copy of Lord Petre's petition to the King. (Oates' Plot.)

1684, Feb. 2, 4 o'clock. Middleton to the Duke of Norfolk.-The King had a fit; is better, and out of danger.

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* The well-known physician, and author of the "Religio Medici," and Treatise on Urn Burial," &c.


Note by the Duke of Norfolk, that he had been with that we ought not to be so nice in our public devotions H. 8. LE the King, who was better, and thought out of danger. at this time, so as to provoke and exasperate the Go- STRANGE, (Copies.)

vernment; to that end they admit some forms, in the 168, Feb. 7. Francis Negus to – Announcing public offices, and make use of the word Sovereign the King's death and proclamation of James II.

when it is proper and inoffensive. This was practised 1685, Feb. 7. Middleton to the Duke of Norfolk. in the late rebellion, and more particularly by Dr. SanAnnouncing the death of Charles II., and enclosing derson, as appears from his own works. The Queen is proclamation of James II.

truly zealous for the Church of England, and though 1687, Aug. 30. Francis Negus (secretary to Duke of there may be some about her that are not so, yet it's Norfolk?) to - The Duke has dispensed with mus hoped there are many great ministers in her interest ters before harvest; and consents that they should be that due time assist her in giving ease to those of half regiments.

that suffer for conscience sake, and for the true interest 1687, Feb. Edward le Strange to Sir Nicolas le of the Royal family and the right of hereditary moStrange.-Norfolk politics, ... I was with my Lord narchy. Hopes his letter will not be copied or comBishop yesterday, who has not received any orders frommunicated. the Archbishop to exhort his clergy to recommend the 1709, April 15, Copy of letter from the Rev. Mr. · repealing of the test and penal laws, though such a Lamb, of Southwark, about a Roman urn found at thing is much talked of, and we have an account that the Repton, near Southwell, ... beads, glass, bridle enazealous Bishop of Durham is gone into his diocese to melled, bit, chain and bosses, very small; 20 coins of promote that good work; but the Bishop of Oxford is silver. He gives the inscriptions. prevented, being dangerously ill, being occasioned as Out of the 2nd volume of letters (N. V. 1) the folsome think by some late papers of Dr. Burnet which lowing extracts are noteworthy :have much roiled his humours. He sends a list of 1714, June 1. Thomas le Strange to Sir Nicolas le names of justices of the peace on the new commission. Strange.—This day Stone received bis sentence for print

1688, June 10. Copy letter, announcing the birth of ing and publishing the “ Seasonable Queries,” which son of James II. (with autographs of various persons in were twice published here before, and once in Scot. Norfolk who received it and sent it on,-R. Walpole, land; he was prosecuted before Mr. Bedford,* and was Sir Nicolas le Strange, Thomas Hare, Henry Beding. last week sent to the same prison. He is to stand in feld).

the pillory Tuesday and Wednesday, to be imprisoned Sept. 21, London. Thomas Saunders to - It is six months, and fined 20 marks. He is not worth a reported that Bowne is taken by storm, and all in arms groat, and has a wife and four children. Mr. Bedford put to the sword. Duke Schomberg (tis sayd) is ad. was removed to the prison the other day by the jusvanced within 15 miles of Dublin, of which we expect a tices' order, upon the complaint of Fuller, as is prespeedy account.

tended, who thought it hard that he should be impri(1691), Nov. 2. The most considerable news is the soned for speaking against the Pretender, and others vote of the House this day. We resolved into a com. that act for him at liberty. mittee of the whole house to consider the state of the 1714, June 9. The same to the same.-More about warre for the year ensuing (Mr. Hambden being chair Stone. ... One Farringdon, the chief officer, that should man); it was agreed, nem. con., that this committee have protected him, gave it out that he was a rogue, having taken into consideration the motion for supply and deserved to be knocked on the head with brickto reduce Ireland, and join this ensuing year with their batts; but the mob were so favourable to him that at Majesties' allies abroad, for vigorous prosecution of the Charing Cross all the Whig houses were threatened war with France with sea and land ; . . . opinion of and blocked up; and at the Exchange, though there committee; . ... a sum not exceeding two millions appeared above 40 seamen with clubbs, yet he was added to public revenue.

again so well protected that he had not so much as a 1691, Nov. 23. We had an intimation in the Fouse spot upon his cloathes, but was hollawed when he left to-day that several of our men on board at Plymouth the stage, which provoked a villanous wig (Whig) to were poisoned with bear (beer), being prodigiously swear aloud that the Pretender would be here soon; swelled. We have ordered four or five into custody he too has been supported; but I could tell the deluded who were concerned in the horrid act. The Danes barbarous faction, only by a bookseller's prentice, who were very much dispersed with bad weather ; but it is is almost ruined, 'tis true, but so brave a youth that he believed it was the roguery of the pilots, and that they would have own'd himself concerned, but for regard to are now in irons. So soon as the Danes are refreshed his relations, who are of a different opinion. 'Tis but a the King has ordered them to march.

few days that we have heard this, yet I can scarce be1691, Dec. 3. I heare, from two credible hands, that lieve justice blind in the case, unless it be with them as we have lost out of an army in Ireland at least 8,000 men, Fleetwood complained, that God has spit in their faces; by sickness, and many hundred yet sick, beside the great and I think we have experience every day that Quos mortality on board occasioned by bad meate and drink. perdere vult deus dementat.

1691, May 10. The King, it is believed, goes to Ire. 1714, July 13. The same to the same.—We have got land about the 25th instant. .

some hopes to see Mr. B. at liberty, although the seal 1690, June 3. Your friend, Capt. Calthorp, who will not be open after Friday, and the favour will be so lately lived at Barham, was drowned about a fortnight expensive, it will not be worth the purchase. 'Tis a since. Being on board, Sir C. Shovel, he and a friend strange paradox that he that hath no enemies should of his, and Sir Cloudesley's lieutenant, and about 12 not be delivered from the greatest oppression by those seamen, going off in the pinnace to see some curiosity, that want neither power nor inclination to serve him. fell into the sands and were drowned.

1718, Nov. 19. Part of a long letter from Thomas 1691, April 30. The King goes hence to Ireland to Rogerson to — On some alteration projected in the morrow. My Lord Preston dyes next Monday; the Sacrament. ... III. The prayer for the descent of warrant for execution being signed. Parliament is the Holy Ghost upon the sacramental elements is the adjourned for a month.

third of these alterations. My propositions concern. 1679, March 9. John Fisher (Westminster) to — ing 'em are these ...... IV. The oblatory prayer The King, and Duke, and several lords invited them is the fourth of these alterations. My propositions conselves last night to sup with the Lord Mayor before cerning it are these .... (2) pp. of argument in all.. they should leave town; when they were most magni 1719, Nov. (received on the 28th). John Cotton to ficently entertained. They returned late, or rather Sir Nicolas le Strange.-Gives an account of the murder early this morning, having first made Mr. Gulston a (at Angiers) of Walden by Forbes, a Scotch gentleman. knight, who is my Lord Mayor's partner (Mr. Miner) They quarrelled at wine; the company parted them his kinsman. To-morrow morning, very early, their and took their swords, and, as they thought, of all the Majesties aud his Royal Highness go for Newmarket; company. But one was asleep, and Forbes, when he but the Duchess stays behind in expectation of her thought he was not observed, took the sword and mother's coming next week. This day His Majesty has stabbed Walden with five wounds, and fled. taken leave of his Council for three weeks at least (though they will sit in his absence), and have put out From a packet of letters I made the following extracts. a proclamation for giving 101. to any man that shall No date (164–). W. D. to

Madam has debring in a highwayman or robber, to be paid by the parted from Durham, which is so thronged, that if they sheriff 15 days after execution.

only sleep 10 in a room 'tis that they have tricked the 1692, April 2. Copy of summons by James II., at harbinger. I lay last night unhoused upon a tailor's St. Germain, to the labour of his Queen.

stall. Part of our armies have taken Newcastle with1702, June 29. William (Bishop of) Norwich to Sir C. Calthorp. Regrets the oath of abjuration, but

Imprisoned as the supposed author of "The Hereditary right of the counsels submission. Our brethren here are agreed Crown of England asserted."




out effusion of blood, and quartered about it, where we gave out opportunitie to whisper out a little news from the Lords who returned post from their late dispatch to Edinburgh. The writer gives the various reports. The Marquis Hamilton is arrived at the Holy Island. Lesly was five days since and not before proclaimed generosissimo (sic), and Sand. Hamilton, general of the ordinance. The Marquis of Huntly and his son are still prisoners at the Castle of Edinburgh, and acknow. ledged by all factions that came from thence to be loyal to the King, and that he wants liberty for not signing of the Covenant.

Olif St. John to the Mayor of Marlborough. Arguments against a benevolence. (15 pp.)

1729, July 10. Thomas Tanner (at Norwich) to Mr. Wilkin. Tells him to go to Hunstanton on behalf of the Bishop of Ely, to ascertain the value of the living of Hunstanton, usually held on lease by the le Stranges; the lives having now dropped. (There are several papers about this.) 'It gives me pleasure to acknowledge the kind atten. tions of Mr. le Strange.


confessor, who may give absolution once in the hour of death. A form of absolution is at the back.

1470. Will of John Prince.

22 Edw. IV. Copy of will of John Prynce, gent. He devises the manors of Theydon Gernon and Theydon Bois, otherwise Gregories.

14 Hen. VII., March 18. John Prynce to Humphrey Coningsby, serjeant-at-law. Conveyance of the manors of Gernon and Theydon Gernon, and adowson of the church of Theydon Gernon. (Certified by Richard Barre, notary public of London diocese; and his mark.)

Temp. Hen. VIII. Petition to Wolsey by Francis Hampden and Elizabeth his wife.*

Temp. Hen. VII. Letter addressed to “ Maister Francis “ Hampden :" dated London, 7 Sept. “The Kyng is styll “ at the Castyll of Barkeley,t and the Quene is qwyke " with childe. My Lord Styward is dissesyd. Mr. Wode, “ Chief Justice of the Common Place, I also; sooys “ Kugeley, Abbot of Mysrewle in the Kynges howse, whose “ sowles God assoyle."

15 Hen. VIII., March 1. Francis Hampden, of Theydon Gernon, gent., to John Chorley, gent., and Edward Broke, of Chingford, gent. Conveys his manors of Theydon Gernon and Theydon Bois.

10 James I., May 18. Will of John Godfrey, of Stapleford Abbot, co. Essex. In a deed temp. Hen. VII., Epping is spelt Ipping.







These are deposited in the parish chest in the church. On receipt of one of the Commissioners circular letters Sir Cavendish Foster, Bart., of Theydon Gernon, most obligingly obtained the perinission of Mr. Marsh (then absent) that they should be examined. Some of the deeds afford inforination regarding the successive ownerships of the manor of Theydon Gernon, about which Morant, in his History of Essex, could not give very much ; and there are some papers in law suits in the 15th century regarding the manor which doubtless would give valuable information. There is also a grant of Confraternity by the Trinitarians at the end of the 15th century; and a letter temp. Hen. VII.

(No date). Copy of a deed whereby Gilbert, son of Gilbert de They done, gives to Sir William Gernon, Kt., the manor of Gregories. One of the witnesses is Saer de Mount.

4 Edw. II., Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul. Sir William de Deen releases to Sir William Gernon and Isabella his wife and the heirs of William all his right in the manor of Theydon Gernon and the church there.

14 Edw. III., Sunday after the feast of the Purification. William Gernon, son of William Gernon, Kt., releases to William his son all services in the land in Theydon Gernon which William the son and Isabella his wife lately had of the gift of William atte Teye.

25 Edw. III. Rental of the manor of Theydon Gernon (belonging to Thomas Gernon, son of William Gernon).

8 Hen. IV., Sunday next after the feast of St. George,* Pope. Thomas Lampet releases to Thomas Gernon all his claim in the manors of Gregories and Theydone Gernoun. Seal ; on a fess three fleurs de lis.

10 Edw. IV. In a document of this date mention is made of silver cups called flat pieces.

33 Hen. VI. and afterwards. Many papers in a suit of John Prince v. Thomas Morstede, and a suit of John Prince v. Thomas A....., Thomas Withall, and others, and a suit of Sir Thomas Cobham and Elizabeth his wife 0. John Prince about the manor of Theydon Gernons.

Copy of letter by the King to the Duke of Gloucester about the suit, and of a letter by the King to Sir Robert Chamberlain.

Petition to the Bishop of Lincoln in the suit.

11 Edward IV., Nov. 13. Receipt by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, to Richard Croft, Esq., one of the commissaries of the King, for 1441. for lands forfeited in the county of Bucks and other counties.

1477. Brother Richard, minister of the house of Motenden, of the Order of the Holy Trinity and Redemption of Captives of the Holy Land, imprisoned for the faith of Christ by the Pagans, to John Prince and Lucy, wife of William Marqyte. — He admits them as brother and sister of the order; this letter being exhibited in chapter after their deaths, there shall be the commendation as for brethren defunct.t (Latin.) The seal is gone. At the foot is written “John Hamond, 11d.

1480. 10 Sixtus IV. Brother John Kendale, Turci pelerius Rhodi, and commissary from Sixtus IV., in consideration of John Prince and Lucia having aided in the expedition against the Turks, gives them power to choose a


HINWICK HOUSE, Co. BEDFORD. Among these are—the Cartulary of the Monastery of Canons Ashby; List of the Offices in England of the Queen's gift, temp. Elizabeth ; Copies of Rules and Orders in the Court of Chancery, temp. Charles I., and the Court of Wards, temp. Edward IV.; Notes of a squabble between a parson and the church wardens, temp. James I.; several official letters in 1642 and 1643, which show what trouble the Parliamentarians had to make some parishes patriotically rebellious; Notices in 1788 of scenes at the trial of Warren Hastings, of Gainsborough the painter, of Mrs. Billington, and Madame Mara.

From the books, letters, and papers at Hinwick House I made the following notes of all that is of general interest :

The Cartulary of the Monastery of Canons Ashby, Co. Northampton.

This is a small folio, vellum, written apparently in the early part of the reign of Edward III. It consists of 115 leaves, of which two are paper.

The entries are as follow :

Ashby Canons, 1-15; Adston, 16-25 and 31 ; Mardford, 26-30; Morton Pinkney, 32–60; Blakesley, 60; Wood Blakesley, 61-68, and 75-77; Plumpton, 68–73, and 7880; Warwick, 81; Hanwell (co. Oxford), 81-83; Lycchebrewe, 84-89; Middleton Chenduit, 90 ; Puttenham (Herts), 90-95; Weston and Weedon, 96-106; Wappenham, 107-112; Culworth, 113-122; Cotes-in-Culworth, 123–133; Grimsbury, 134-136; Middleton Chuduit, 137, 138; Ecton, 139; Bayfield, 141, 142; Sulgrave, 144, 145 ; Compton (co. Warwick), 147; Pytchley, 148; Dodford, 149; Edgcote, 150; Stamford (co. Leicester), 151; Helmden, 153-158; Epwell or Ipwell (co. Oxford), 161-163, and 191, 192; Preston Capes, 165-167 ; Terrier of lands, 168–170; Bolnhurst (co. Bedford), 171, 172, and 205-207; Witham (co. Essex), 173; Eydon, 174-177. Fines.Blakesley, Bolnhurst, Morton, Ailworth, Toucaster, Helmdon, Litchborough, 178–180; Sewell, 189, 190; Northampton, 182; Leya, 183; Hinwick, 186-188; Woodford, 193; Puddington, 194-204; Dunchurch (co. Warwick), 208-212. Indulgences, 213-215.

A folio volume, paper, 17th century, contains :

1617.-Survey of the Manor of Sharnebrooke, Co. Bed. ford, followed by abstracts of deeds, temp. Charles I., of alienations of property in the manor.–List of chief rents : -and An Agreement, dated the 12th June 1588, between the Earl of Leicester, Lord Steward of Her Majesty's House, Sir Francis Knowles, Treasurer of the same, and others of the Green cloth, on behalf of Her Majesty, and George Rotherham, John Thompson, and Richard Conquest, Esq., authorised to compound for delivery of certain kinds of provision for the expenses of Her Majesty's House, as by a letter under the hands of the Right Honourable Henry,

* Her maiden name was Prynce; she was descended from the Gernons.

+ The King was in possession of Berkeley Castle by virtue of a settlement made by William Lord Berkeley in 3 Hen. VII ; on failure of the King's issue by the death of Edw. VI., the castle reverted to Henry Berkeley (heir male of Maurice the brother of William the settlor), to whom the seisin of the castle and hereditaments forming the barony gave the stile and privileges of Baron.

This seems to place the letter under the year 1502, when Wood died.

•The deed is in Latin. The scribe has written Georgii instead of Gregorii. • FA similar document is among Mr. Whitehall Dod's MSS., noticed in this Appendix.




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Earl of Kent, John, Lord St. John of Bletsoe, and Sir of my lord's pasters (pastures) at Werryngton and to all, Lewis Dyve, Kt., and others of the same shire, dated the my lord's servants.- Regarding an Order made in Court OBLEBAR, 3rd June 1588. 30 oxen, 200 muttons, 40 veales, 300 about the tithe of milk. lambs, 10 score capons, 30 score hens, 50 score pullets, 584.- Inventory of the goods of Richard Childe (Manor 30 score chicken, to be delivered at the Court at various House at Poddington ?) nearly a yard long, vellum. In times in the year. (23 pp.)

this are mentioned salt sellers; trene vesseles; 3 oxen and Bedford. Taxation of the provision of the Hundred a steere are valued at 11l. 13s. 4d.; 4 yerlings are valued of Wyllye, Stodden, and Barford, with the increases. at 41. 16 James I.

. 1616.—Presentments in the Cornmissaries Court. 1625, June 30.—Note of the charge made upon the Podington.-Apud Ampthill, 22nd Oct. 1606, J. Barnes, several townes of Willy Hundred, by the Earl of Kent and and J. Stratton, wardens, present Thomas Whytbie, clerk, Lord Wentworth, for martial service money, conducting vicar, for not catechising and instructing the youth and and furnishing of soldiers to Plymouth this year.—(About ignorant persons of the parish according to law, being 361.)

thereunto required by J. Barnes, one of the Churchwardens,
Names of the sheriffs of Bedfordshire, 1572-1641. and made a tushe and skorne thereat.

Justices of the Peace, 19 James J., 1l James I., 16 And they present the said Whytbye for not wearing a
James I., and 17 Charles I.

typpett, hoode and square cappe at tyme of divine service,
Folio, paper, 17th century (24 leaves), contains Extracts and for not wearing usually a surplice at time of common
(for Bedfordshire) from the Charter Rolls, and Extracts prayer.
from Inquisitions ad quod damnum, tempp. Edw. I., They present Oliver Whytbie, son of the said T. Whyt-
Edw. II., Edw. III., Ric. II., Hen. IV., Hen. V., and bie, for being absent from evening prayer on Sabbath days,
Hen. VI.

and then was taken breaking and robbing an orchard. Folio, paper, 16th century.-A general Collection of all Apud Bromham, 16th Nov. 1616.-Jo. Barnes and the offices in England, with their fees, in the Queen's guift. Nicholas Squyer, wardens, present Thomas Whytbye, Also all the offices and fees in Her Majesty's Courts at vicar there, for procuring one Hughes to serve our cure, Westminster, both of Justice and Revenues. All the offices the 3rd day of this month, not being licensed.–And they and fees of Her Highness's most Royall household, with present T. Whytbye for not wearing hood or tippet other rewards and allowances to the officers there. All the according to law. fees and offices belonging to the captains and souldiers This presentment at Bromham went not forward. having charge of Her Majesty's Bulwarkes, Castles, and Mr. Whitbie presents that upon Sunday the 13th of fortresses within the realm of England. (24 leaves.) Sum July he did send to Jo. Barnes, one of the Churchwardens, totall of all Her Majesty's yearly charges, fees, rewards, to forbid them playing at Stoolebat, football, and swearing, and allowances, besides other extraordinary expenses, and yet Barnes refused to discharge them, and not to 78,0081. 5s. 9 d.

present them. He sayes that the youths and servants are Folio, paper, 17th century, 21 leaves in French.-Casus not sent to be catechized. Assisarum (43 cases). The first case is that, Charles, Prince Other papers about the matter. of Wales, under age, after his creation and livery to him Articles against William Payne of Poddington ;-before made of the Dukedom of Cornwall, and Earldom of the High Commission. Chester, grants a rent charge of 3,0001. per annum to the 1642, Sept. 1.-Robert Tapp to the Constables of Infanta (of Spain), whom, please God, he intended to Harrold.--Certain information is given that great forces marry, out of the Dukedom and Earldom. King James, ne advancing towards Northampton; that being neere his father, confirms this by letters patent under the great unto us, we can not be free from peril and danger.--By seal pur sa vie. The Prince and the Infanta celebrate the virtue of a warrant from Sir Thomas Alston, Kt. and nuptials. King James surrenders his crown and realm to Bart., Sir John Burgoyne, Kt. and Bart., and Thomas Prince Charles under age, who confirms the rent charge Rolt, Esq., we require you to warn all trained men, supby his Letters Patent. The Queen Consort of Charles plies, and volunteers within your parish, with their arms, is endowed by him royally. They have a son, aged 15. to attend to-morrow at 10 o'clock at Bedford to receive King Charles devests himself of the Crown, and James directions. resumes the Crown and royalty, and has another son 1642, Oct. 20.--The same to the same. By virtue of a aged 17, and dies (et soy demise).

warrant from Sir Thomas Alston, Sir Beauchamp St. There are cases of Replevin.-All seem to be “put John, Sir Oliver Luke, and Thomas Rolt, we require you

to warn the trained soldiers in your parish to appear at A 4to. volume, contains :

Bedford, in arms compleat, on Saturday next, at 9 o'clock, 1652 and 1655.—Perambulation of the Parish of Wester to be trained and exercised. leigh, Wednesday, June 2, 1652. Present 32 persons 1642, Nov. 1.—The same to the same. By command named, and some others. (12) pp.)

from the Deputy Lieutenant of the County, we require you 1671.—Another Perambulation, May 1. (pp. 14-30.) to charge the trained soldiers within your parish, which did Folio, paper, 17th century, contains :

not appear on the last warning, to appear at Bedford on 1. Orders by the Judges for the better regulation of the Thursday next, in arms, to go to a rendezvous under the Court of King's Bench.

command of Capt. Boteler, and then and there show one 2. The Orders for the Chancerie.

horse for a dragoon. 3. The fees belonging to the Clerk of the Chancery.

1643, Jan. 22.—The same to the same.-Have received a 4. Rules for the giving out the liveries in the Court of

letter from Sir Samuel Luke, wherein you are desired to Wards, and the charges thereof.

give notice to some of your chief inhabitants of your 5. The manner of obtaining the grant of a ward, and parish that they in writing do bring the numbers and names lease of the lands.

of all who are to serve as dragoons and foot soldiers for This has cases in Hilary Term, 2 James I.; Michaelmas defence of His Majesty

defence of His Majesty's person, the Parliament, and Term, 16 James I., and 1 Charles I.; Easter Term,

kingdom; and the same to deliver to William (Haslon ?)
2 Charles I.; and Hilary Term, 6 Charles I.

at the Red Lion, Bedford, on Tuesday next.
6. Chancery orders by Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord. 1643, last of April. .. to the same. By virtue of
Keeper, with the advice, &c. of Sir Julius Cæsar, M.R. an Ordinance of Parliament, warn four of the ablest
Michaelmas Term, 11 Charles I. (31 orders), dated 17th inhabitants of your parish to appear at the Swan at
Nov. 1635. (1-14.)

Bedford on Tuesday, to be assessed at sums to be weekly
7. Chancery fees confirmed by the King's Majesty and charged on your parish : and bring in your levy for the
the Lords of the Privy Council at Greenwich, 9th July second half of the 400,0001.
1635. (15–186.)

1643, May 22.—The same to the same. We are required
8. Court of Wards, &c. (23 leaves), beginning with by Sir Samuel Luke to warno

by Sir Samuel Luke to warn you to bring to Layton by rules made, 28th Oct., 17 Edw. IV., by John Morton, M.R.

8 o'clock the number of dragoons raised within your A folio volume.- Puddington poor rates, and the appli

parish, with their names, horses, arms, and a month's pay cation thereof, 1614–1716.

for every one of them, with a return of all who refuse to

pay their taxes for the same.-If you neglect, you will be Letters and Papers.

taxed for malignitie, and be proceeded against accordingly. 31 Henry 8, June 8.---William Antony of Byfold, late 1643, June 2.-The same to the same. The malice of Chanon of the Monastery of Canons Ashby, in the Enemies is to the ruin of us, and of all well affected. ParCounty of Northampton, now suppressed and destroyed, liament has decreed a general rising. By virtue of a testifies that the lease made unto Sir Thomas' Leson, and warrant from Sir Samuel Luke and R. Edwards, Esq., we one John Blount, of the parsonage of Podyngton, with the require you to summon all from 13 to 60 to appear at appurtenances, Co. Bedford, late belonging to the said Layton to-morrow at 9 o'clock.-Bring a true list of all fit Monastery, was made and was sealed with the Convent to serve, and of all that are malignant and refractory. Seal, &c.

--The soldiers under you are to be provided with one 1557, May 16.-Raffe Farrowe to Thomas Taylor, Keeper month's pay.


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