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November." Scorpius est quintus, et tertius est “ Item, the Dirrigies of Nicholas Grene, 58." These DOWNING " nece cinctus."

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payments for Dirges, or yearly prayers for the dead,
December.-—" Septimus exanguis, vorax est denus were kept up by the Corporation long after the time
“ ut anguis."

of the Reformation ; but at that period the name
Among the many notes in and additions to this Calen “Dirige” is changed into “ Obit,” in these books.
dar, of later date, are the following.–Against March 1, “Memories" is the term used in reference to the
“ Obitus Doctoris White, Residentiarii, 1623.” Against changed meaning of these Services, in the Injunctions
March 31,--"Obitus Nicholai Sourgeon, 1458.” Against of King Edward the Sixth.
November 2, -"Obitus Domini Willelmi Brewster, Re At fol. 14 are entered,-“The costes and charges of
sidentiarii hujus ecclesiæ, Anno Domini 1465."

“ the klensing of the Kinges Ditche in Cambrigge and
Mr. Bowtell, in his note above extracted, has treated " the Ditche by Penbroke Halle, and other ditches be.
these volumes apparently as containing only “rentals” “ longyng to the Towne." Among the items are the
belonging to the town of Cambridge. Their contents following.--"Item. payed to iii men for laboring in
however are full of matters of antiquarian, and, occa-

casting the ditche next St. Andrews Chirche Yard sionally, historical, interest, as the following extracts

“ for ii days, a man by the day 6d. . . 38. Od. Item, from the First Volume will shew; while the rentals

" payed for casting the menour (manure) oute of the

" paved for castin occupy but a small proportion of their pages.

“ ditche in to the churche yard ther, and for making The commencement of the first entry in the volume “ of a mudde walle,--to the Churche Wardeyns for to

« of a mu is as follows:

“ haue licence to lay the menour ther, 16d."" “2° Henrici Octavi. Cantabrigiæ. Computus com

The next Account in the volume is that for the year " putantium infra scriptorum de diversis exitibus et

1517, 8. In fol. 6 are entered, “Expenses of Cawde. “ proficuis per ipsos receptis, a die Dominica proxima

“ welle's matter.-Inprimis, paide to Nicholas Smith " ante Festuin Sancti Edwardi, anno supradicto :” the

“ offe the Rownde Parish (Parish of the Round Church, receipts of rents being then in the form of either money,

“ at Cambridge] to yeve to Master Lee, Clerke of the wheat, or maslin (mixtilio).

Counsell, for the Complent of the Prior of Cawde-
The next year's Account is that for 1515. O n fol. 9 of

" welle For Caldwell] . . 38. 4d.” The accounts of
it occurs.-" The payment of fees, presents, and rewards
“ of the said Thresorers the yere abouesaid.” The fol.

a deputation sent to London on this business, are then

j added.lowing are extracts.—“First, paied for a pottell and

“Munday, item, paide for a quarte of Malvesay in the a pynte of swete wyne sent to Mr. Woode by the

... er they went, 5d. Item, ffor horse meat at
“ commandement of Mr. Maior, the Monday after Ely

“ Barkwae... 8d. Item, spent for Mr. Maior and his
" Fayer Day, atte suche tyme as he drew a note of an
“ indenture confirming the Fayer, 10d. Item, paiede

cumpany . . 19d. Item, for owre sopere at Ware . .

2s. 10d. Item, for horse mete there .. 28. 3d. Tuyse
" to Mr. Hallehede allowaunce for cuttyng oute of the
“ waites lyverie, and they refused the clothe . . 38. 4d.

day, item, at Waltham for our breakfast .. 10d. Item,
“ Item, paiede for the saide waites lyverie to the said

“ ffor horse meate there . . 6d. Item, at Lundune, our " Mr. Hallehed, the yere . . . 30s. Item, paiede

denere . . 8d. Item, gevyne to the Kinges footman .. " to William Stevyns for leading up of the Gypsyang

8d. Item, for our soppurs . . . 18d. Wenuysday, In “ [? Gipsies] to Londone, to the Kinges Counselle

“ primis, paide for our drynkynge in the morning, 4d. .... 6s. 8d. Item, payede to Thomas Brakyne

İtem, paide to Mastur Nedygate . . 38. 4d. Item,

“ for boite hyur [boat hire], 5d. Item, for the apparfor ii pikkes (pikes) geven and sent to my Lord

“ enses of Mr. Maior and jiiior bailiffes . . 7s. Item, Chief Juge, to London, upon Halowmesse Day ....

for ther denar, 28. Item, for our sopir . . 18d. Item,
88. Item, in a present govene to my Lord Justice,

for the coppy of the complaynt . . 38." The account
“ commyng to Cambrigge the yere abouesaid, atte
Seint George's tyme, first in a pyke bought of J.

is then continued into the next week, that of Tues-
“ Coward . . . 2s. Ad. Item, in a tenche for the same,

· day, the closing day in London, being as follows:-
“ bought of Thomas Brakyne the same tyme, 14d.

“ Tuisday, item, for horsmett at London . . 15s. Item,
" for our breakfaste . . 8d. Item, our donere, 16d.

is
“ Item, to Mr. Hugh Ranken, Maior, for his robe for

" Item, for boite hyure ... 3d. Item, oure sopire
“ his yer of Maieraltie . . 20s. Item, in ii great pikkes
“ govene in present to my Lady the Frensshe Qwene

... 21d. Item, for horsmete at Waire, 28. 3d.
" (Mary, daughter of Henry the Seventh] ... 6s.

“ Item, our denere at Barkweye . . 2s. 4d. Item, for " Item, for two tenchis govene to the same . . . 20d.

“ horssemete there, 10d. Item, paid to Thomas Swerd.

“ breike for his costes, 28. 4d. Item, for the hyure of
Item, in reward govene to the Kinges Minstrelles,

“ vi horses x dais . . 208. Item, for the careage of
“ this yer commyng to Cambrigge, by the command-
" ment of Mr. Maier ...75. Item, for two galouns

“ Mastur Mayors maylle (portmanteau] to Lundune
wyne govene to my Lorde of Ely, beyng atte Berne-

“ and home 20d.”
welle, serching for enclosure of londes .. 16d. Item, Among the expenses of the same year :-
for a pyke govene to my Lord Justice atte Seint

" Item, paid for iii prykes (pikes] iii bremys gevyn
Margaretes tyme the yere abouesaid, cummyng to my Lorde Cownesby sitting at the Castille uppon
“ to Cambrigge, 3s. 4d. Item, for two tenches to the

" the Kingges Comysione . . 258. Item, ffor ii tenchis, “ same . . 2s.

bowght of Kateryne Stankke, 4s. Item, ffor iiiior At fol. 4 of the same Account, many items are entered, “ galones off wyne to the said Lorde . . 28. 8d.” bearing reference to Sturbridge Fair, held in the vici In the Account for 1521, 2, occurs an item,—“Received nity of the town, and then, from its magnitude, of of John Thirleby, for a kechyne belongyng to the national importance.-

" Cardenal Hatte Ta booth in Sturbridge Fair], 8d.” “Resceytes of bothes (booths) belonging to the Thre He had been one of the two Treasurers for the town of “ sory, anno supradicto. In Chepsyde . . . Bothes in Cambridge a year or two before this, where he carried " the Doyerd (or Duddery, where clothes were sold .. on the business of a scrivener, and ultimately became “ Item, of Henry Dawys, 20s. for the botbe called the Town Clerk. He was the father of Thomas Thirleby, " • Horse Lof's Horse-loaf, or Horse-bread). Item, for afterwards Bishop of Westminster, Norwich, and Ely, the sign of the Wolfflesse (Wool fleece].”

and ultimately deprived.
At fol. 5:-

In the same account John Thirleby is paid 12 pence
“Resceytes of bothes buylded upon the Chapelle for writing out the rentals and the year's account. If
“ ground at the East end of the Fair). At Byrchyne written by him, this paper does him credit, as well for
“ Lane ... Atte nether ende of Chepe, and for ale its orthography as its excellent writing.
“ bothes ... Item, of a wif of Bury, ii bothes, 68. Among other items in the same account are the
" Item, of a nother wif for an ale bothe, 4s." This following :-
item occurs four times.—“Resceytes for bothes upon “Item, payed for a pike, a tenche, and ii rostyng elys
" the Chapell grounde for Suffolk men.” This was “ [roasting eels, or congers] gevyne to my Lord Brude-
ground adjoining the Chapel formerly attached to the “nell, Chief Justice, and to Mr. Brooke. Bought of
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, for Lepers.

“ Bayly Brakyne, 78." Brakyne, the fishmonger, was
At fol. 8 are entered :-" The Costs and Expenses of one of the four Bailiffs of the town, and afterwards
“ Dirigies :"-

Alderman and Member of Parliament. Repeated items
“First, for the Dirige of Mr. John Erliche, 138. 4d. occur also, as to gifts of wine and food to the Bishop of
“ Item, the Diriges of Mr. John Asshewell, and Agnes Ely [Nicholas West].
“ his wife, 20s. Item, the Dirigies of Mr. John Wig “ Item, delivered to Master Bury, deputy to Mr.
“ stone, 20s. Item, for the Dirigies of Robert Blake “ Mayer, in reward gevyn to the Kynges Justice, takyn
“ amour, 138. 4d. Item, the Dirigies of Mr. John “ paypes for Lichefeldes matter, 138. 4d.
Cooke, 208. Item, the Dirigies of Mr. John Har- “ Item, payed for a pottelle Malvesyn gevyne to
“ ryes, 8s. Id. obol. Item, the Dyriges of Mr. Jakenet, “ my Lord Brudenelle atte Dolphyne, commyng from
“ j2s. 1d. Item, the Dirrige of John Banester, 148. 10d. “ Bury Sessyon, by the commandement of Mr. Bury,

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Downing “ Deputy to Mr. Mayer, ther being with him Baylif COLLEGE. " Brakyn .. 8d.

In the Account for 1523, 4, the following (some of them of an unusual kind) are among the receipts at Sturbridge Fair :

“ Item, rescevyd of Mr. Thomas Saunder in money “ founde in the purse of Rose Lane, the wife of John “ Lane, of Holbourne, 68. 8d. obol. Item, rescevyd of “ a fuller of Hersum, taken in Stirrebrigge Fayer, in “ money in his purse . . . 168. 8d. obol. Item, res“ ceyved of Mr. Coward for a vacabunde, dwellyng in “ Lynne, in money in his purse . . 98. obol. Item, res“ ceyved for a vacabunde havyng pokkes in his face “... 38. 4d. obol. Item, resceyved of a nother vaca“ bunde by Mr. Saunders, 38. obol. Item, resceyved “ by thandes of John Harryson, for Rose Lane, of “ Holbourne, 12d. obol. Item, resceyved of the said “ John Harryson, for Caltone, of London, 208. Item, “ in thandes of Mr. Siegge, a litell tidy horse hambling “ astray, price 6s. 8d. Item, in thandes of John Coward, tew sorry horses, oon colour blake, thodir colour bay, strays. Item, in thandes of Mr. Mayer, “ i kyrtill, colour roset, of a woman of Huntyngdone, 58. Item, resceyved of Mr. Mayor 2s. and Mr. “ Harryson 12d., for a blode shedde, made by Chandler 6 of John's Lane."

In another Account for 1523 :“ Item, of Patryke Bryket, kendalmanne (probably, “ a seller of cloths of Kendal green] for the ferme of “ a nether bothe in the Duddery, called the signe of “ the Stoke-fisshe, letone by indenture for 178." The “ Nayler Rowe” is another locality here mentioned in Sturbridge Fair.

Among the “Expenses" is the following item :

"Item, payed for ii great pykes and a tenche and a greate ele, govine to the Chefe Justice (my Lorde Brudenelle) coming to Cambrigge atte Magdelayne“ mes 78. 4d.At this date the surnames of Hallehead and Newdigate, in Cambridge, are of frequent occurrence.

In the Account for 1525, 6:

“ Item, payd in reywarde gevyn to the Kynges myn“ strelle wayttes that yere cummyng to Cambrigge .. *6 6s. 8d. Item, payd for ii pykrelles in present govyne “ to Doctor Capone, at his cummyng to Cambrigge:.: “ 28. 6d. Item, to the same, a roostyng elle . . 13d. " Item, to the same, ii gallons of reed wyne and “ claryett . . 16d. Item, payd for a freshe saumonde “ in present gevyne to my Lord Beschopp of Ely .... " 58. 8d."

In the Account for 1530, 1, there is a long list of rentals, 22 in number, paid to the Corporation Treasurers, in sums of id., 13d., and 2d., for liberty granted to plant saffron “in Bernewell felde next to the towne," and in “ Cambrigge Fylde," the dimensions of the respective plots of land being roods, acres, and half acres.

In the same account:

"Item, payede for v players at the Guyldehalle, by the commandement of Mr. Mayer . . 38. 4d.

In the Account for 1531, 2:

“Item, to Natures, for rydynge to Camps to know “ whether the Duke of Norffolke's deer cum thedir or “ noo . . 28. Item, to Master Brakyn, for ii pykes, that

was gevyne for a present to the Erle of Surrey, at the

commandement of Mr. Maier, Mr. Slegge, and others .. 38. 8d. Item, for a tubbe and a bolle [bowl] to put “ in the fysshe, to the fermour Corp's wyfe . . 2d. “ Item, to Thomas at the Pumpe, for ii galouns Rumnev “ for the saide Erle . . 28. 4d. Item, payede to Rycaarde Colynsone, for a brydill and a sadyll clothe, that " was lost whanne the horse went from us, rydinge to “ Campis Castle (Castle Camps, in Cambridgeshire) :. “ 14d. Item, payede to John Cooke for bakynge of a “ bryste of venyson, that the Juges gave to Mr. Mayer “ and his cumpany, with mele, salte, and pepir . . 16d.

“Memorandum, all costes and charges payed for “ fetching the doos that the Duke of Norfolke gayve to Master Maier and his bretherne, beyng with him at " Campys :-Item, payede to Raf Waleys and another manne v dages for their labours, 38. 4d. Item, paide " for iii horse v days to carry the said doos, 58. Item, " at the signe of the Swanne at Newmarket, outward, “ for ther soper and brekfast. . 9d. Item, for horse “ meate at the said signe of the Swanne . . 15d. Item, “ at Burnham, at the signe of the Wyspe . . 5d. Item, “ at Lopham, at the Bowier.. 8d. Item, at Stobyll flott, “ at the sygne of the Angyll, for horsmete, 12d. Item, “ for their soper at the saide place . . 6d. Item, at Bun“ gay, at the sygn of the Garlonde . . 2d. Item, for an

“ hors shoo, 2d. Item, at Erfam their dees [P deners] .. 8d. Item, at Lopham, for ther dyner .. 6. Item, for iii elles canvas to truss pack] in the venysun . . 15d.; " sold to Fanne for 10d.-5d. Item, at Lopham, for horse mete . . 4d. Item, to bothe the kepirs for their “ fees . . 68. 8d. Item, at Thetforde for drynke and “ horse mete . . 20d. Item, for a horse shoo .. 2d. “ Item, at the sign of the Swanne at Newmarket, homeward, for dyner and horse mete . . 15d."

In the same Account for 1531, 2.

“Item, payede to the Kynges mynstrelles, with 6d. “ in wine, 7s. 2d. Item, to John Blounfelde, yomanne “ of the Kynges garde, cumming in massage to enquire “ whether that the plage (was) reyninge in Cambrigge " or no . . 58.”

At the end of this account, written in a hand some. what difficult to be deciphered, is the following :

“ Memorandum, that we desyre you that be owre “ Auditors, that ye wolbe good to to [sic] hus, for the “ soper that we made ; ffor we haue loss by the farme of " the market and owre soper, to the sum of iiiil., and " that we wyll take owre othys upon a boke before ye all. " And yt ys notheir plesur nor profyt for ye that be “ Auditors, that we showld have lost; and yt alle " agaynst the worshyp of the borow, for we would be “ loth to geue the towne an yll name, as they did that “ war before hus; for they say dayley that they be “ bothe undone by ther offyce, and yt wyll gretly hynder hus, except that ye be good to hus.” The names of the Treasurers, thus piteously petitioning, were John Fann and John Rychardson.

In the Account for 1532, 3, “ The Longe Drapery" and “The Petty Mercery,” occur as the names of localities in Sturbridge Fair.

In the same account,-.

“ We fyrst payed to the yonge Duke's players, by the " commandement of Mr. Mayer ... 68. 8d. Item, in " rewarde gevene to my Lorde of Derbye's pleyer [sic] " by the commandement of Mr. Mayer ... 58. Item, " a reward govyne to Mr. Brandone, the Kinges “ Jugguler, at Mr. Hasyll, and in a banket ther made, “ with all the charges, etc. . . 108. 4d. Item, in ex“ penses of a banket made at the Dolphyn, upon Seint “ Jamys Day, at night, ther beyng my Lorde Chief “ Justice . . 78. Item, in reward gevyn to the Kynges “ mynstrelles, at Styrrybrygge Fayer tyme, atte the " commandement of Mr. Mayer . . . 68. 8d. Item, “ payed to the Qwenys mynstrelle that brought letters “ to Mr. Mayer of the byrthe of the Pryncesse (after“ wards Queen Elizabeth] .. 58. Item, payd for ii “ loodes woode for gaudes, at the bone-fyer in Stur“ brigge Fayer, made in certeyn places within the said “ fayer . .. 38. 10d. Item, payed for iiii galouns “ wyne exspent at the sayde gaudes, 28. 8d."

In the Account for 1535, 6.-

"Item, payed to servaunts of the Kynge, of the blakke “ garde (scullery servants], by the comaundement of “ Mr. Mayor, 20d. Item, payed to my Lord Rutteland's “ mynstrelles, by the comandement of Mr. Mayor “... 28. Item, payed to the Kynges waytes, in the " presens of Mr. Symond Trus, by comaundement of " Mr. Mayor .. 6s. 8d. Item, payed to my Lord “ Leonard Marquys [sic] mynstrelles, at the com" mandement of Maister Mayer, upon Michelmesse “ Day . . 58. Item, payed in reward govyne to the « waytes of Lynne, by the commaundement of Mr. « Mayer . . 12d. Item, payed to Brandon, the Kynges “ Gugeler, by the commandement of Mr. Maier, 68.8d. Item, payed for a soper for Mr. Brandon and other, “ at Mr. Mayer's . . 20d. Payed for ii galouns wyne, “ marmelake [sic], and sokettes (succades, or sweet" meats), govyne to Mr. Doctor Leygh, the Kynges o " Visitour, the xxvi day of October, anno xxviii, by

visita “ the commandement of Mr. Mayer, . 38. 4d. Item, payed for a present govene to my Lady Oxynforde, “ at the commandement of Mr. Mayor, 58. Item, ini “ great pykkes govyne to my Lord Crumwell, price of every of them 58., summa 20s. Item, iii great “ tenches, gevyn to the same, price of every of them 38. 4d., summa 108."

In the Account for 1537,8:“ Item, payed to the Kynges players, at the com“ mandement of Mr. Maier .. 6s. 8d. Item, for a " juncket of the same players . . 16d. Item, to my “ Lord Cromwelle's players, at the commandment of “ Mr. Maier .. 58. Item, to the Prynces (Edward] “ players . . 68. 8d. Item, for a juncket for Mr. Mair “ and his brotherne, and the same players, at Mr. “ Hassil's . . 3s. 1d. Item, payde to John Hobby for “ the reparation of certeyn harnys at the tyme of the

DOWNING

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SING “ insurrection, by the commandment of Mr. Maier and A small quarto paper book, of about 50 leaves, with “his Counsaile . . 38. 4d.

miscellaneous entries, in hands of the 17th, and early “ Expenses of Mr. Bakyn [correctly, Brakyn], Ed. part of the 18th, centuries. Inside the cover is written, “ ward Slegge, [member of Parliament for the bo. This book was given to me by Mr. James Burleigh. " rough], and Robert Chapman, with their servauntes, “ J. Bowtell.” On the outside of the parchment cover “ made in ryding to London, and ther abode ther, iš the following written notice,—“Howland Nutting, " from the xxvi day of October unto the vi day of “ att the Black Beare Inn in Cambridge, for ye use of “ Novembre.”-A most interesting diary as to the “ Sturbridg Faire, an[n]o 1711. If lost, pray send as movements and expenses of the deputation, but too " abone.” On the other side there is written an almost lengthy for transcription. They put up at the Green similar notice. At one end, the context begins with Dragon; the inn, most probably, so called, in Bishops. this entry,-“ September 1711. A survey of all the gate Street. Mr. Slegge appears, on this occasion, to “booths in Sturbridge Faire, belonging to the towne have got himself confined in the Fleet Prison, and his “ of Cambridge, beginning on the north side of Cheapfriends had to use their best endeavours to procure his “ side, from Mr. Kemp's 18 foot, abutting on Garlick release.

“ Row." Speaking in general terms, it may be said Another item is, - “ Paid to Mr. Knyghton (at to contain a topography of the Fair, as the booths were “ London), to be good maister unto us in the townes arranged at that date:-Soapers' Lane, the Duddery, “ busynes, a great pike, price of 38. 4d.”

a booth called “the Eagle and Child," Tounk Row, Account for 1538, 9 :

victualling booths called “the Quart Pott” and “the Here “ Thomas Brakyn, Esquyer," the fishmonger,

“ Boot,” Timber Fair, Booksellers' Row, Broakers' is named as being “ Burgesse of the Parliament,” and

Row, Horse Fair, the Dolestone, from which all adreceives 63 shillings for his services as such, during

measurements of distance within the Fair were estimated, 63 days.

Hopp Row, a booth called “the Sheepskin,” the Fish " Item, spent at a junkett in the cumpanye of Mystrys

Faire, the Town Lee Way, the Pewterers' Row. " Hynde, at the comaundement of Mr. Mayer . . 6s." Then follow, in a hand of earlier date,-“ Dues,

At this date “My Lorde Chancellor's players” re- “ customs, and toll to be taken in Sturbridge Faire of ceive 6s. 8d.; "My Lord of Sowthfolke's players 58.," " divers merchandize, 1658 :” among which are these and the “ Erle of Sussex players 6s. 8d.

items,-“For every pile muddfish, for groundage, 4d. "Item, to yomen of the Croune when they came for “ For every load of bushell skeppe (large baskets], “ the sertyfycatt to knowe howe manye were deed in “ ffans, leapes [baskets], and such others, 4d. For " the towne of Cambryge, 6s. 8d. Item, for theyr “ every keele or boat that beareth a healme, as oft as “ brekefast . ; 38."

he commeth." A table of reference to the contents In the Account for 1539-40.__"Item, a reward veven of the Town Book called the “Cross Book," then “ unto Prynce Edwardes players, at the commande

follows. — [This book has already been described, as "ment of Mr. Maior and Mr. Chapman .. 68. 8d.

belonging to the Corporation of Cambridge, in a preThey had received a similar reward the year before.

ceding Report.] – This is succeeded by * Ordinances " Item, for a reward to my Lord Crumwell's players,

“ and Costomes concurning Sturbridg Fair, 1658, as 38. 4d. :"-among the last payments they would re

“ they stand in ye Cross Book," the section ending ceive in that capacity, their master being executed in

ented in with “ Sturbridg Faire, soo called from 'Stur,' a

“ littell rivolit; on ye east side whereof its keept, on July 1540.

“ ye east of Cambridge, Midsomer Faire proclamed ye From the Second Volume, which contains the Borough

“ Eve of St. Audery, which fall on ye 23rd of June.” Accounts from the year 1560 to 1589, a few extracts Then follow a few memoranda on the early history of may be added :

Cambridge. Beginning at the other end of the volume, 1560. “ Item, to the Duchess of Suffolk's Players . .

s's Players ... is entered :-“A copy of Sturbridge Fair's Charter to 08., 1583. "Item, to the Quene's Players, the ix “ the town of Cambridge (1708),—the Charter of Queen “ of July .. 20s.” 1584. “Item, to the Quene's " Elizabeth to the town. for Cambridge Faire.” Then " Players . . 268. 8d.” 1586. “Item, to the Plaiers follows, in a much earlier hand. a series of orders " that plaied before Mr. Maior . . 308.1586. “Item, relative to the Fair and the town of Cambridge: among “given to the Lord Admirall's Players . . 10s." In

them,-"It is ordered that no bayliff shall let the the same volume “Lord Strangis Players” and “Lord

“ Tolbooth in the Fair to any citizens of London, uppon “ Rich's Players” are also mentioned.

" paine of forfeit of ten pounds for every time, and to From the Third Volume of the “Libri Rationales," “ loose his liberty.” An order follows, against building which contains the accounts from the year 1590 to 1610, up“ Segge Reeks” [Sedge Ricks] within the town; as the following passages have been extracted :

a precaution, no doubt, against fire. Many of these 1591. “Item, to the Quene's Plaiers . . 108. Item, orders and memoranda are very curious. " to my Lord Stranges Plaiers . . 208."

A volume, in a hand of the 17th century, containing At this period, the Guildhall seems to have been let " Statutes of the University of Cambridge ;” also. from time to time, for the celebration of marriage " Statutes of the King's College of the Blessed Mary festivities therein.

“ and St. Nicholas, at Cambridge." Within the cover 1592. “Marriages kept in the Hall.-Item, of Richard is written—" Sum Johannis Bowtell, Cantabrigiensis.” “ Hull, for his dynner kept in the Hall, 20d. Item, “ of Daniel Cawcott, for the like . . 3s. 4d. Item, of

A small quarto volume of 77 pages, containing a “ Stanton. for his dynner kept there. 20d. Item. of manuscript history of Cambridge, in a hand of the be. “ Boydon, for the like . . 3s. 4d. Item, of John San

ginning of this century, probably John Bowtell's. It is " ders, for the like . . 20d. Item, of Newman, for the written apparently in a somewhat grandiloquent vein, “ like, 2s, 6d.

but it evidently contains much that is of interest, and 1594. “ Item, of John Wicksted [whose name will be the result of extensive research. found mentioned elsewhere in this Report,] for his A small quarto volume, containing about 196 written “ admission to the place of an attorney within this pages, of Collections, mostly in reference to the early “ town . . 20d.1596. "Item, gyven to the Quene's history of Cambridge; apparently, a compilation by “ Players, by the comaundement of Mr. Mayor . . 208." Bowtell in the first 10 or 12 years of the present cen

From about 1560 to 1600, the fees and presents given tury. The account of the Roman settlements in or by the Corporation to Judges, high officers, and persons near Cambridge is probably of some value. of rank, seem to have been both numerous and expen

A small quarto paper volume, written in a hand

apparently of about 1770 to 1790, containing collections From the Fourth Volume of the “ Libri Rationales," for a contemplated history of each of the Colleges in 1611 to 1628, the following passages have been ex Cambridge. So far as it goes, it appears to be replete tracted.

with curious biographical information. The following 1614. “For gloves for the Kinge and Prince att their passage gives an anecdote respecting Dr. Barnes (born “ second cominge . . 41. 10s. Item, for a towne bull... in 1745), the late Master of Peterhouse, who is still “ 56s. 8d.1615. “Item, to Stephen Willimott, for remembered by many in Cambridge. (P. 45.)—“On "playing at Reach Fayre, an[d] att another feast .. “the 30th of August 1787, Rev. George Borlase, Fel“ 208." "Item, to Bicun the trumpeter, for playing on “ low and Tutor of St. Peter's College, and Rev. Francis “ Bartholmew's Day, at night, by the appoyntment of “ Barnes, Fellow of King's College, were nominated by “ the Maior and Aldermen. . 28. 6d. Item, more to “ the College to the Bishop of Ely (Dr. James Yorkel, “ Stephen Willmott, for playing that night . . 10s.” “ to chuse one to be Master thereof. The Bishop con

The remaining six volumes of the “Libri Rationales” “ ceiving they had not made a proper nor fair nominaembrace the following dates :- 1629-1642; 1643–1661; “ tion, he presented Mr. Longmore (a former Fellow of 1662–1676 ; 1677–1687 ; 1688-1698; 1700–1787.

" St. Peter's), who in consequence was inducted into

give.

[blocks in formation]

DOWNING! « the Mastership, 10 October. The Society protested ceiver for Ely Cathedral, 1682, 3. Also an etched
COLLEGE.

" against the presentation of Longmore, as not being portrait of Dr. Charles Mason in the volume.
“ nominated by them. The consequence was, the delivom hjem,
“ Bishop saw that the scheme of the Society was to

“ orders and Constitutions of the Corporation of the
“ insure Borlase the Mastership by nominating a

“ Towne of Cambridge, 1686.” On a fly-leaf is written, “ stranger, and therefore returned Mr. Barnes, who on

--" This book was transcribed in the year 1788, at the “ the 11 of May was inducted.” Upon his appoint

“ expense of Mr. James Day, Attorney at Law, by ment to the Mastership, Dr. Barnes vacated the Pro

“ whom, in December 1790, it was given to me. J. fessorship of Casuistry, or Moral Theology, which he

" Bowtell." had previously held, and, uniting in his own person the

The Pontage Book of Cambridge;"—a large folio electoral rights of Vice-Chancellor and Master of Pe

volume, half bound, of about 85 leaves of paper, beautiterhouse, together with the casting vote, conferred the

ne

fu,

fully written in one hand, of the date of about 1725, office upon Mr. Borlase, whom he had thus, to some ex.

and probably, to a great extent, a copy of an older tent, supplanted. The collections in the volume under

book. It is wholly filled with matters relative to the notice extend only to St. Peter's College, Clare, and

navigation of the river Cam, and the maintenance of its Pembroke. Borlase was nephew of the great Cornish

bridges. There is a note on a fly-leaf at the beginning, antiquary and naturalist, of the same name.

probably in Bowtell's hand :-" Concerning the inhabi.
Five small quarto volumes, numbered on the outside is tants of Cambridge town being indicted for not re.

tants of Cam
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (vols. 1 and 2 being wanting, or else over “ pairing the Great Bridge in the year 1717, and how
looked by me), containing collections by Mr. Bowtell,

" the several Parishes agreed to oppose the same by
for a history of the town of Cambridge. The contents “ traversing the indictment, see Great St. Mary's
of these volumes are illustrated with paintings and

“ Church Book, pp. 185 and 296, transcribed from this
drawings, and fill apparently from two to three thou "book, p. 127, etc. Sce account of Rates granted by
sand pages.

“ the inhabitants of the several Parishes for defending
A small quarto volume of about 50 leaves of memo " that business, p. 127. For a statement of the number
randa, forming Collectanea for a history of the County of hides, etc., charged with the pontage, see p. 159,
of Cambridge; in a hand, apparently, of the middle of " and also Butler's account in Barnwell Church Book.
last century. There is a letter in it, loose, from “ Curious account of the river Cam, in arguing the
O[liver] Le Neve, [brother of Peter Le Neve, Norroy “ necessity of restoring the navigation thereof, pp.
King of Arms], to Mr. Stephen Omey, Merchant, of “ 143, 4.".
Hybridge, near Norwich, dated—“ Witchingham, Octo
“ ber ye 14th, 1696," in reference to drawing a bill for

A Computus, on paper, of Robert Tynley, Receiver

General of the Cathedral Church of Ely, 3 and 4
payment of a sum of money.

James I.; lying loose in the “Liber Rationalis” of
A small quarto volume, of about 85 leaves, of collec-

1560–1589. There are a large number, it may be here
tions towards an account of the more distinguished

remarked, of loose manuscript leaves lying promis. members of each College of Cambridge, taken in the

cuously in the volumes forming the Bowtell Collection; chronological order of the foundations; written in a

it would be an advantage perhaps if they were collected
hand of the latter part of last century.

and placed in a portfolio by themselves.
A small quarto volume, in a hand of about the middle “Metcalf's Thesaurus :"-a small folio volume, so
of last century, on the art of Bell-ringing and Changes; labelled, consisting of 212 leaves, besides Index, half
an elaborate work by Dr. Charles Mason, Fellow of Tri. bound, and written in various hands of the 16th, 17th,
nity College, Cambridge, and Woodwardian Professor. and 18th centuries. On a fly-leaf is written :-"This
There are in it some curious plans, or diagrams, of peals, “ MS. was formerly in the possession of Alderman
signified by notation. As a Sample, one Series has the “ Metcalfe, and afterwards in the hands of his son
following names for its changes :-London Doubles, " Walter; who wrote those curious memoranda relat.
Antelope, St. Dunstan's, the Dream, Fortune, Gogma “ ing to the town, some of which were transcribed by
gog (only Grannie), New Doubles, the Cheat, Jack on “ Mr. Baker in his 36th volume. It afterwards got into
both sides, the Contention, Westminster Doubles, Top “ worse hands, and, in that tattered state, was at length
sie turvie,' a Cure for Melancholy, Winwick Doubles, “ rescued from destruction, A.D. 1788, by the writer of
None such, Old Doubles, Hudibras, the Quirister, " this, who bestowed on it a new coat, in view to pre-
Blunderbuss, St. Clement's Doubles, the Primerose, “ serve it for the perusal of posterity. J. Bowtell.”
the Morning Star, Camelion, New Doubles and Singles, The first portion is a Common-place Book, written early
Cambridge Delight, Reading Doubles, Halliwell, Merry in the 17th century, as to the duties of the Mayor,
Andrew, My Honey, the Tulip, Grand Paradox, the officials, and burgesses, of Cambridge, its apprentices
Parasite, the Honeysuckle, the Adventure, May Day, and trades, and its booths at Sturbridge Fair. At
Oxford Paradox, What you please, Morning Exercise, fol. 70, the subjects being still of a kindred nature,
the Medley, the Checquer, St. Edmond's Principle. the writing begins to be of an earlier date, towards the

Two 12mo. volumes on the same subject, also written close of the reign of Elizabeth, some pages consisting
by Dr. Mason.

of a Journal of proceedings of the Corporation at the

close of that reign, and the early part of that of James A small quarto volume of collections (many of them

the First. At fol. 96, in a hand of the 17th century, loose) for a history of distinguished members of the

begin “ Compositions” made between the town of
University; written in part, apparently, by the above

Cambridge and other towns or Corporations, the Prior
Dr. Charles Mason. These volumes probably came into

of Barnwell, the town of Northampton, and Lynne;
Mr. Bowtell's possession soon after the death of Dr.

these being followed by copies of the Charters of
Mason in 1770 (aged 72), if we may judge from the Elizabeth to the University and the Town, as to Stur-
article next ensuing.

bridge Fair; followed by “Taxationes Collegiorum,”
A thin paper folio volume, half bound, containing a cut out of a smaller book, and inserted at fol. 152, date
list of the Mayors and Bailiffs of Cambridge. On a 1553. On fol. 152 are entered “The custome and tolle
fly-leaf is written,-" This valuable MS. was collected “to be taken in Sturbridge Fayer of divers marchan-
“ by the great pains and diligence of Dr. Charles “ dize;" fol. 156, “ The Customes of the Towne of
Mason, at the sale of whose Library it was purchased “ Cambridge;" fol. 162, “Orders made by Thomas
for the sum of 21. 12s. 6d. by me, J. Bowtell.” A “ Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper, and High Steward, for
good deal of research has evidently been expended upon “ the better government of the town, 6th August 1629,"
this compilation. It begins with, “ Mayors and Bailiffs written in an almost contemporary hand ; and on fol.
" without date, in 3 Henry and 1 Edward,” the list 163 are entered copies of two letters from the same
commencing with Roger de Wykes, Mayor, Peter de Peer to the Corporation. At fol. 187 is given a list of
Wilburgbam, and William Elliot. The contents are the Mayors, Bailiffs, High Stewards, Recorders, and
stated to have been mostly collected from old deeds at Treasurers, of Cambridge, from A.D. 1488 down to the
Trinity and Corpus Christi Colleges. Loose in this close of Elizabeth's reign, the whole written in a hand,
volume is a copy of an abusive letter (date 18 May 1736) apparently, of the latter date. The original leaf con-
written by Thomas Purne, Fellow, to (Dr. Bentley) the taining the entries froin 1596 to 1603 is lost, but it is
Master of his College (Trinity); wherein he accuses the supplied by another, apparently in Bowtell's hand.
Master of having made him College Preacher for sinister The entries in old hands are then continued down to
purposes of his own ; its extreme violence being only 1638, after which date, down to 1702, all the entries are
oqualled by its deficiencies in grammar and spelling probably of Bowtell's compilation. Thomas Metcalfe,
The following expression occurs in it, -" Whilst you or Medcalf, was Mayor of Cambridge in 1592. Re-
“ securely sultan it in the Lodge, with none but mutes specting Walter Metcalfe, already named, there is an
“ and slaves about you." There is also loose in the entry, among some miscellaneous matter, at fol. 209 :
volume a Computus of Receipts of John Moore, Re- “ Walter Metcalfe, the son of Thomas Metcalfe,

WNING « babtysed in Great St. Marye's Church, in Cambridge,
LLEGE.

o the oth of November 1572." Among the miscel.
laneous matters entered about 1618, in the hand pro-
bably of Walter Metcalfe, is the following, fol. 207,-
« This 27, 28, 29 of August 1618, the newe pulpitt at
" St. Maiere's was sett up, and on Soundaye the 30
" daye Mr. Bellcombe of Penbrok Hall preached the
« first sermond in it;” and, on the other side of the
same leaf,“ This Midsomer Fear (Fair] 1617 ther was
“ soe great a flode that the salte bootes [boats], with
« the sope and hemp, packthread and other waires,
" that was useallie sowlde uppon the common stream
“ [of] the river, were browght up with bootes unto the
“ bancke syde, along bye the Sping [? Spring] heade.”
Fol. 268 :-" The fower tenementes against Emanuel
“ College were built by Skepper Carpinder and Peter
“ Thatcher, massoun, in July, Auguste, and September
“ 1598.” There are nearly a hundred miscellaneous
entries (in a wretched hand) on the last seven leaves,
in reference to the town of Cambridge, apparently from
1610 to 1620, many of them of considerable interest.

"Notm de Cantabrigia :" a folio volume of stiff paper, half bound, of the close of last century, being entries of earlier documents and various transactions relative to the town of Cambridge. On a fly-leaf is written,-"This MS. was the property of Mr. James “ Day, Town Clerk of Cambridge, who, in December “ 1790, gave it to me. J. Bowtell.” It seems to be

he & volume of no particular value.

A folio volume, half bound, containing 324 leaves of paper, mostly in various hands of the 17th century, and consisting of two separate parts, containing 174 leaves and 150 respectively. On a fly-leaf at the beginning is entered, apparently in Bowtell's band, -"This MS. is " partly in the hand of J. Wickstede, formerly Mayor " A.D. 1614] of Cambridge.” The First Part consists, for the most part, of formal documents connected with the Town and University of Cambridge. At fol. 67 is entered,-"An Epitaph written one the untimelie death " of Mr. John Wicksted, Fellowe of St. John's Coll. in " Oxford.” In fol. 68; in a hand, apparently, of Elizabeth's time,-“ Quæ deposita reddenda Pro-Cancellario “ electo, ab antecessore suo, per syngrapham seriatim. In primis, liber pergameni de cartis et privilegiis “ Academiæ, vocatus, * The Black Parchment Booke.' " Item, Registrum rerum memorandarum Achademiæ, “ quod vocatur · The Black Paper Booke. Item, “ Registrum, sive Liber Judiciorum.-Hic liber est in " manibus scribæ.-Item, Liber Rationalis de rationi“ bus et compotis Pro-Cancellarii, Procuratorum, etc., * vocatus . The Accomptes.' Item, indentura sigillata “ sigillo villæ Cantabrigiæ, de emundatione platearum. " Item, sigillum officii Pro-Cancellarii argenteum, cum “ cathena, sed jam sine cathena. Item, 4 claves de “ cistis Achademiæ. Item, obligationes duorum Pro. " curatorum du solvenda leta, et de solvendo sallario “ Sub-Senescalli et bedelli. Item, sigillum Regiæ “ Majestatis ad causas ecclesiasticas Pro-Cancellario “ Accademiæ. . . . Item, si quæ alia monimenta perti“ nentia ac [ad] Accademiam.” This is followed by “ Quæ reddenda Taxatoribus."-" Imprimis, a brasen “ busshell, with a strike of voode. Item, a gallon, a “ pinte of brasse. Item, a tubb with one busshell of " musterd seede, and a keler. Item, 2 payre of scales " for breade, with 2 piles of brasse, Item, 2 seales for " barrells, and another for the busshell of the towne. “ Item, a key for the markett-bell.” In the record of a trial at fol. 170, John Wickstede is mentioned as being an Attorney, and an Alderman of Cambridge, in the reign of James the First.

The Second Part commences at the other end of the volume, and contains miscellaneous matters of a less formal nature. At fol. 2 is entered, --" A Letter written “ to Sir Edward Wingfeild, Knight, from Thomas “ Stanley, a notable theife, who brooke the Castell of “ Cambridge, and departed from the same, with sixe “ more of his companions, the fourth of June, anno " xxxix. of Elizabeth, in the time of Anthonie " Cage, Èsquire, Sherife.” It is a long letter, and there is a note at the end of it, to the effect that he was taken again in Worcestershire, brought to Newgate, and condemned to be hanged, but, through the intercession of the Lord Chief Justice, was pardoned, and by him made one of the overseers of Bridewell; to which account, however, is added in another hand, " and last of all, was hang'd at West-Chester, 1630 “ (Chester on the Dee, in contradistinction to Chester“ le-Street), when he was lxx years at the least, for a “ robbere done by his man and hymselfe.” In fols. 2 and 3 is “A Pedler's tale that was told to our Majesties

" Grace at Sir Thomas Heneage's house, in London,” DOWNING

COLLEGE. an insipid story, at the best. In fol. 11, an account of “ A whale that was killed near Lynne anno quadragesimo Elizabethæ Reginæ, about Christmas," and of

"A Fish taken near West-Chester, between Easter and “ Whitsuntide, 1636.” In fol. 11. is a copy of a “ Letter “ left by William Dorington, Esquire, who left it with “ his staffe upon the top of the stepple of St. Sepul“chre's, casting himself therefrom, a cause being to be “ heard against him next day in the Star Chamber." At fol. 13 is given, at great length, the speech made by the Earl of Essex on the scaffold. Fols. 18–20 contain A Journal of the several days' fight at sea in 1588;” and fol. 20 an account of the Expedition to Cadiz, in 1596. At fol. 25 are—“ Verses given to the Lord Trea" surer upon New Yeare's Day, upon a dozen of " trenchers, by Mr. Davis;" the subjects being,-“The Courtier, the Devine, the Soldiour, the Phisition, the “ Lawyer, the Merchant, the country Gentleman, the “ Bacheler, the Marryed Man, the Wife, the Widow, “ the Maide;" whether these lines have hitherto been printed or not, they merit notice for their smartness.

In fol. 27 is “ The Coppie of a lewde Letter sente by " the Greate Turke to the Emperor Radulphus, worde “ by worde, extracted out of the Dutch coppie.” Fol. 28, “ The Poore Man's Petition to the Kinge's Hyghnes ;" the closing requests (13 and 14) are evidently of a poli political complexion,—“Goode Kinge, make not the is Lord of Lincolne Duke of Shordicke, for he is a “ etc ( sic]. Goode Kinge, make not Sir Water Rawley " Earle of Pancredge St. Pancras), for he is a etc." This is followed by<"Notes taken at the arraignment “ Jan. 27 1605 [1606), in Westminster Hall,” on the trial of Thomas Winter, Guye Faulx, and the other conspirators in the Powder Plot. Fol. 40 contains “A “ copy of a Letter sent by Sir Walter Rawley to Sir “ Robert Carre, the King's favorit" - Fol. 41, “A Letter written to the Lord Coke, Lord Cheife Justice “ of England, from Paull Tompson, one of the Seniors “ of Trin. Colledge in Cambridge, when he was “ committed to Cambridge Castle, for clippinge of “ gould, A.D. 1614 ;” and a “Letter from Paul “ Tompson to Mr. Harrison, Vice-Master of Trinity." Fol. 42 continues the subject, with—“A Letter written * by Mr. Butler, the famous phizition of Cambridge, to “ Paull Thompson, being in Cambridge Castle, for “ clipping of gould ;” an abusive production, beginning with, “Your giddie headed phantastique fiddling “ fingers, and scribblinge pen, directed by the quicke " motion of your quicksilver brayne.” A second Letter, from the same to the same, begins,—"The Kinge heares “ you terme yourself Parson of the Castle ; howe he “ takes it, you may heare hereafter;" after upbraiding him with hypocrisy, it ends,—“ Wright, no more, for I “ am weary." Then follows, “ The Motto upon Senior “ Cornuto"-" Dæmon languebat, tunc monachus [mo. “ nachus tunc] etc.(hitherto generally misquoted, as “ Ægrotat dæmon etc."

" The Divell was sicke, then hee a monke would be ; “ The Divell was well againe, the Divell a monko

“was hee.” Fol. 44. “The Recorder of Cambridge his speech to " the King at his Majesties first coming thither in state, “ together with Prince Charles;" a quaint composition, enlarging on the antiquity, more especially, of Cambridge; as to which, he says that it was—"built by Duke “ Cantaber, son of the King of Spain, who was enter“ tained in England by King Gurguntius, and the " town being provided with a bridge upon the river “ called 'Canta,' was thence denominated 'Cantabri“ gia,'” corrupted to “Granta" and " Grantabrigia,” and then lastly, to “ Cam” and “ Cambridge."

“It was," he further says, the pryme city of the East " Angli, and King — was King of Cambridge, and " after him King Florentius, and Cambridge was the “ kingdom of Guthelme.” Fol. 45 contains-“Expenses " att his Majesties first coming to Cambridge, in the “ time of one Thomas French, then Mayor, being yeo. man purvior for fresh fishe; a proude man, who " abused the Corporation.” Fol. 46:-"A grave poeme,

as yt was presented by certeine divines, by waye of “ interlude, before his Majeste in Cambridge, stiled, . Liber novus de adventu Regis ad Cantebrigiam, “ faithfullie done into English, with some liberal ad. " vantage, made rather to be sung then read, to the " tune of 'Bonny Nell.'” It contains 26 stanzas of six lines each, and is but a poor attempt at wit, being a skit at the expense of Cambridge, written by an Oxford man, without the name given, but in reality, Richard Corbet, afterwards Bishop of Oxford and Norwich. It is fol

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