Imagens das páginas

DOWNING lowed by (fol. 47 b) “An answere to Oxford men's " capons, and 1 little sugar loafe; Mr. Orabb, 2 turkey DOWNING COLLEGE. “ • Bonny Nell,'” in 16 stanzas of 8 lines each ; a little, “cocks, 2 couple of rabitts; the Bayliffes and Tre

of rohitte. the Ratliffasoniera COLLEGE.
and only a little, better than the composition to which sorers, 24 bottles of sack (nothing being given to the
it is an answer. Fol. 48 b contains “À Courtier's cen messengers, who brought the present, in this in-
sure of the King's intertaynment at both the Univer- "stance; Mr. John Bridge, attorney, 2 very good
“ sities,” in 20 stanzas of 4 lines each, with a refrain. “ capons ; Mr. Spalding, 1 sugar loaf, about 10 lb. of
At fol. 50 is “A collection of suche poynts as have been "sugar; M. Ewin, 2 small sugar loafes ; my brother
" mis-liked in my Lord of Buckhurst's negotiation, “ Hughes, one cagg of sturgeon; Mr. Hering, 1 large
" with his Aunsweres thereunto, and my Lord of " dish of ffigs.” Against the names of Mr. Crane and
“ Leycester's Reply to the said Aunsweres." Fol. 60: Mr. Sell there is left a blank. In p. 7, written in the
“ Award of Sir Edward Cooke, Attorney General to the same hand apparently as the preceding, that of Alder-
" Queen, and John Brograve, Esquire, Attorney to the man Newton, then Mayor of Cambridge, is the follow-
“ Duchy of Lancaster, between the towns of Cambridge ing :-"Goodes of ye Corporation received at my com-
“ and Lynn.” Fol. 74 a contains “ The King's Letter “ ing in Mayor. The great mace, with ye stand. The
“ to the Universitie, when the Maior of Cambridge in. “ basin and euer. 13 small keyes, being in a brasse
“ devored to have pruved the towne to be a citie,” in “ chayne. One silver seall with an ivory handle.
Latin, date 1616. Fol. 75: Oration of Spinola--" to his " Reed ye 2 October 1671, by ye handes of ye 3 senior
“ army, when he brake his bridge of boats, haveinge “ serjants, eleven bookes, viz? : the Crosse Booke, of
past over the river, neere to the confines of the “ parchment, 1 booke of Statutes at large, being ye
“ Pallatinat 1620." Fol. 77: “Some lines on a Dean “ 2nd volume,” with nine others, enumerated.
“ preaching before the King, who had a ring on his At this part of the volume there is a leaf inserted,
« band-strings, which he handled more than his text." with the following memorandum, probably by Alder-
Fol. 78: English and Latin lines on “ The sill-paid] man Newton :--"On Fryday the 11th May 1660, King
“ curate of Dr. Hall.” Fol. 79: “ The Attorney. “ Charles the Second was proclaymed King by John
“ General's [Yelverton] answer to the Letter sent him “ Ewen, chandler, then Mayor of Cambridge. The
“ by the University, and the Lord Keeper's [Bacon] “ Maior himself read the Proclamacion, the Towne
“ answer thereto." Fols. 81-85: A long Letter ad “ Clerk more audibly spoke it after him. With the
dressed to the Marquis of Buckingham George Villiers), “ Maior was the Recorder in his gowne, and all the
and signed-“By him that is not ambitious because not “ Aldermen in their scarlet gownes, on horsebacke,
worthie, nor afraid, because not ashamed to be knowne " and all the freemen on horseback. They proclaymed
to your Lordshippe in the businesse. Tho: Alured.” “ twice (in 2 severall places) in the great Markett
Fol. 106: “ The Senses ;” a bitter, but covert, attack “ Place : once on the Pease Hill, and against St. But-
in verse, upon James the First. Some of the foulest “ tolph's Church, and beyond the Great Bridge, against
charges that were made against him are here alluded “ Jesus Lane, and against Trinity Church. In all these
to. Various speeches in Parliament then follow ; after “ places was Hee proclaymed. At night many bonfires
which, at fol. 123, is, “A Lyst of such Lordes and “ in towne, 4 on the Great Market Hill. Great expres-
“ Ladies as are appointed to attende the Queene (Hen “sions and acclamations of joy from all sorts. On
" rietta Maria) landing att Dover, and are now actually " Thursday the 10th of May 1660, it was, the King was
" presente there." It ends,-"The Earle of Clanricarde " proclaymed by the University, about 3 of the clock
" and his sonne are likewise there, though not in the “ in the afternoon, 1st on the Crosse at the Great Mar-
“ list. For knights and gentlemen, they are sands “ ket Place, and then in the middle of the Market
nomber [sic], and therefore omitted.” Following “ Place, against the Rose. On Saturday, the 12th May
this, are some written lines,-"found in Leiftenaunt Fel “ 1660 the King was proclaymed at King's College
“ ton's hat-band, when he slewe the Duke of Bucking. " [Mr. Fairbrother, the senior Fellow, as we learn from
“ ham, the xxiiith of August 1628." Fol. 142 contains “another source, giving a feast on the occasion] : all
“ A Benevolence obtayned att the paines and travell of " ye souldiers were placed round on the topp of their
“ Talbot Pepys, Recorder of Cambridge, and Richard " Chappell, from whence they gave a volley of shott."
“ Foxton and John Wickstede, Aldermen of the same.” Alderman Newton, the writer of the Diary, was
The town having been impoverished by reason of the elected one of the two Treasurers for the town for the
University breaking up and leaving the Colleges, on year beginning Michaelmas 1664. The following are
account of the plague, liberty is thereby granted to print some further extracts :-"1664, March 9, Thursday.
and issue briefs for the collection of the benevolent con- “ The same day was Roger Peapys, Esquire, Recorder
tributions of charitable persons.

of Cambridge, bound over by recognizance to his
A thin folio paper volume, in half binding of the good behaviour, for speaking words slightly of my
latter part of last century, labelled “Newton Diary “ Lord Cheife Justice Hide; which wordes was sworne
“ MS.:" being the Diary of John Newton, of Cam. “ against Mr. Peapys by Dr. Eade; occasioned by Dr.
bridge, in the latter part of the 17th, and beginning “ Eade's nedles complaint at the Sessions about he
of the 18th, century. On the first fly-leaf, otherwise “ being overrated to the poor; and the wordes, as
in blank, is written,-" This MS. was purchased of a “ Dr. Eade swore, were spoken by the Recorder at the
“ Mrs. Newton, of St. Edward's Parish, 1780, a pret. Sessions, before the Assizes.”
“ 2. 12.6. J. Bowtell ;' and below, “ Samuel, the

1665.---“ March 11. Saturday. John Patteson, an
" son of John Newton, was baptized 27 Dec*. 1684.
" Samuel, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Newton,

“ Attorney at law, stood on the pillory, on the Pease

“ Hill in Cambridge, from about a quarter after 11 in " baptized 1 Feby. 1688. Vid. Benedict Parish Regis

“ the forenoone to about halfe an houre after 12 of the “ ter.” This Diary appears to be written somewhat

« clock, haveing fastened to ye forepart of his hat,
in the Pepysian style, and is well deserving of notice.

“ being on his head, a paper written in capital letters
The following are some extracts from, and particulars
relative to, the earlier part of it. It begins with the

“ (a common Barretter), being sentenced by Judge
" Form of a pass from the Lord Mayor of London,

“ Keiling at the said Assizes, on Wednesday the

« 8 March 1664. to the said punishment for barretry.”
1671 (the year of Newton's Mayoralty at Cambridge),
as directed to the Mayor of Cambridge, in favour of The following is an allusion to the victory gained
a poor man, having occasion to travel. Next follow, over the Dutch Fleet off Harwich; when Admiral
in page 3, extracts, made about 1680, from “An ancient Opdam, with his ship, was blown up :-
“ book of accounts for St. Edward's Parish in Cam- 1665.-“ June 3. Saturday. All day long was heard
“ bridge, beginning the first Sondaie of October in the “ yo noyse of gunnes in ye ayre, and I myself heard ye
“ 4th yeare of the reigne of King Edward the VIth.” “ noyse of them between 4 and 6 in the afternoone, and
One extract is, -" The first Sunday in October, in ye “ again between 9 and 10 the same night. It was
“ 4th yeare of King Edward the 6th, by ye assent of “ generally thought here at Cambridge that the English
“ ye Churchwardens and parishioners here assembled “and Dutch were at the same time engaged in fight."
“ were sold as follows.-Inprimis, to Mr. Sander, an The pressing of soldiers in the town for the war with
“ old chest, viid. Item, to Semen ye elder, an alter the Dutch is also mentioned, and there are several
" cloathe, vi s. viiid. Item, to William Bright, Jack notices of the Comet of 1665. —" September 1.
" a Lentt's Croose, iiii d.In p. 5 is entered, in appa- “ Saturday. Was seen posted up in Cambridge the
rently a contemporary hand, --" In ye yeare of Mr. Row- “ King's Proclamation that Sturbridge Fayre should
“ land Simpson's Majoralty, presents sent to him “ not this yeare be kept, because of the great Plague
“ against New Yeare's Day, Dec. 30, 1665. Given to " at London, thereby prohibiting all Londoners from
“ yê messengers (in the respective instances], 2d., 18d., “ coming to the same. Great danger was also then
« 12d., 28., 28., 12d., 12d., 12d., 12d., 2d. (From] Mr. “ heer in Cambridge, several dyeing then heer, etc."
“ Allin, i cagg of sturgeon ; Mr. Chapman, 4 pulletts Under October 13th, 1666, there is a long description
" and 1 goose; Mr. Tifford, 1 hinde quarter of veale of what was deemed a singular phænomenon in the
" and a chine of porke; Mr. Finch, 1 cock turkey, 2 heavens; to all appearance, an Aurora Borealis. The

WING death of Mr. James Valentin, of Trinity College, from


SIDNEY LLEGE. falling down stairs, at about the same date, is also


In the Return of the year 1800 made by the Master mentioned.

COLLEGE. of this College to the Commissioners of Public Records, Under May 9th and 11th 1667, there is a long and it

it is stated that the only records possessed by the curious account of the funeral of Dr. Matthew Wren,

College, were-An attested copy of an Act of ParliaBishop of Ely, and of his body lying in state; it being

ment, anno 1593, enabling Trinity College to sell the finally enclosed in a stone coffin, and laid in a vault

site of the Grey Friars at Cambridge to Lady Sidney's under the Chapel of Pembroke Hall. The mourners at

Executors, for the erection of a College there. A grant the funeral “ had, each of them, boxes of banquett (con

from Queen Elizabeth for founding the College, and “ fects for dessert] to the number of 500, and to the

Licence in Mortmain for holding lands, July 25th 1594. “ value of about 58. a box."

Letters of Mortmain, granted by Charles I. for holding
Great quantities of sack are mentioned as being

the manor of Pilling, April 20, 1627. Letters of Mortdrunk at the frequent meetings of the Corporation,

main, granted by Queen Anne, for holding certain being fetched from various inns.

advowsons, May 5, 1706. Grant of Gridling Park, by “17 April 1668. Fryday morning. Dyed Mr. John King Charles, to Cary, Earl of Monmouth :- All of which 66 Ewen. -chandler, Alderman of Cambridge, and was were then preserved in the Library of the College, " buried on Sunday in the afternoone, following, being constituting its sole archives. " the 19th of April 1668, in All Hallows [All Saints, " recently removed] Church of Cambridge: 6 of the By the kind favour of Dr. Phelps, the Master-for « Aldermen carryed him to church, who had gloves an introduction to whom I am indebted to my friend 16 and ribbons. All the 24 had gloves, but not their the Rev. J. F. Hardy, Fellow of the College -I “ wives; the Aldermen's wives had gloves. The ser have had an opportunity of examining at my leisure - vice was 2 sugar-cakes selsewhere called 'heart the College Registers, or Admission-books; from the " • cakes '7 and 2 rolls, a cupp of clarett, white, and various matters of interest in which I have made the “ sack.”

following extracts :“June 16, 1668. Tewsday. The Mayor, Aldermen, The First College Register is a small folio volume, 66 and 24ty [four and twenty) went to Barnewell Abbey, with leaves of paper, in good condition. The entries “ according to custome, where they had 4 gamons of begin at page 131 ; those from 1598 to 1619 (pp. 131o bacon and stewed pruens. The towne sent wine, the 156), as pointed out to me by Dr. Phelps, are evidently " Mayor only went in his gowne, with the mace before not the original entries, but substitutes for them, “ him.”

compiled probably from various sources then existing, "5 July 1668. Sunday. Preached at Great St. and copied in hands of, apparently, from 1645 to 1660. 06 Mary's in Cambridge, both the Doctor Stillingfleetes, This portion, on the first binding of the volume, was " the senior in the morning, and the junior, who was placed before the original entries, commencing in 1619. “ minister of St. Andrewes Holbourne, in London, in The first entry is as follows:-"1589, the names of " the afternoon. Both preached well, but the junior “ such as were admitted in Sydney College from " most eloquent.”

“ September 1, 1598 to the year of our Lord 16-[the In August 1668, Mr. Newton was elected Aldermen latter part erased with a pen]. James Mountagu, of Cambridge, and on the 18th of that month signified " 3rd son of Sir Edward Mountagu, of Boughton, in his acceptance of the office.

" Northamptonshire, Knight, and nephew to ye “ August 20. Thursday. I bought of Mrs. Sarah “ Foundresse, being Master of Arts of Christ's College “ Simpson, widdow, her husband's scarlett gowne, and “ in Cambridge, was made the first Master of this “ a plush seated new saddle, with the bridle, foot cloath, “ College by the Executors of the Foundresse, anno " and other riding furniture; for all which I paid her “ 38 Eliz. Reginæ, Feb. 14. After that, he was Deane " the day following 9li, in full; for which she gave mee “ of ye King's Chappell, then Bishop of Bath and “ an acqaittance, which is upon the file.” “ August 25. “ Wells, and, last of all, Bishop of Winchester. Mr. “ I made my 24ty man's gowne serve for my Alder- “ James Mountagu commenced Dr. in Divinity 159-." “ man's gowne, and paid Mr. Legg for 17 yards of lace This entry is squeezed into a small space, and its “ for it, at 1s. 6d. per yard, 11. 58. 6d., for silk 38. 6d., writing is somewhat later than the next, or second entry, “ for facing the sleeves 18., and for altering and setting as it now stands :-"Mr. Edward Harrington, eldest son on the tufts 10s. I paid also to Mr. Scott for 1 lb. " of Sir James Harrington, and son of the sister of the " and a halfe and 3 ounces of Naples throse silk for “ Foundress, admitted Fellow-Commoner 1st Septr. 66 the tufts, and making the tufts, accounting the silk at “ 1598.” In the same page (p. 131) 1598, “Mr. Edward hi 11.s. per lb.-21. 95.; soe the whole charge of alter- “ Noell (afterwards Lord Viscount Cambden) admitted " ing my gowne stood me in 4li. 98. Od.” From a long “ Fellow-Commoner, ye first weeke of ye seconde account of the dinner given by him at his house, upon " moneth.” It may be here remarked that, in nearly his election as Alderman, the following is an extract: all these supplementary entries, the particulars given " And there dyned all or the most in one room ; the of each person admitted are very meagre, as compared “ Mayor and Mr. New Elect sat at the upper end, and “ Mr. New Elect sat next his wife on the side. At In p. 132.—“ Daniell, a Sussex man, admitted pen“ dinner, wee had first 2 dishes of boyled chickens, “ sioner, ye seconde weeke of ye first month.” The " then a leg of mutton boyled, then a peece of rost terms “first month,” “second," "third,” repeatedly “ beafe, then a mutton pasty, then a glasse of clarrett appear in this part; but whether from pure mannerism,

appear in this part :' but whether from pura “ round, then 2 couple of rabbetts, 2 couple of small or because the writer (1645-60) may have been a “ wild foule, and 2 dishes of tarts, 3 in a dish. This disciple of George Fox, it is probabīy impossible to “ was the entertainment; and by this time it was about say. “ 2 a'clock; soe the Aldermen putt off their scarlett The next entry of note is at p. 134, A.D. 1600.-“Mr. “ gownes, and sent home for their black gownes, and “ George Goring admitted Fellow-Commoner, the 4th " went immediately to the Hall for the Common Day. " weeke of the first month; he was afterwards ad. " First, the Aldermen went into the parlor, and then “vanced first to ye degree of a Knight, yn being liey.

considering what was fitt to be expounded, all the “ tenaunt of ye band of Gentlemen Pensioners, and “ Aldermen went into the Hall, and there with them, " Vice-Chamberlaine to ye King's Majesty. He was “ according to my juniority, I took my place uppon the “ created Lord Goring of Hurst-Pierpoint, viz. “ bench. When Common Day was over, Mr. Addams “ April 14, Anno Domini 1628, Regis Caroli 4to, and “ and myself desired the Mayor, Aldermen, 24'y, and “ lately, viz. November 28, Anno Domini 1644, Regis “ all other gownemen, to go into the parlor, and the “ Caroli 20mo, was created Earl of Norwich.” Claren“ freemen to tarry in the Hall, to take a glass of wine, don in his History, speaks of this Lord Goring as “ which they did. We had between us 14 bottles of noted for his drunkenness and incapacity, when " sack, from the Miter, and then 3 quarters of a pound defending the royal cause. In these earlier entries, “ of tobacco, with pipes, candles, and 3 flaggons of it may be remarked, the Christian name is often omitteà. “ beere, (for some desired to drinke beere)."

At p. 138, the hand changes, and the entries, still After 1712, the hand in which the Diary is written very brief, are now in Latin. In this page (A.D. 1604) becomes feeble, and year by year more shaky and occurs,—" Johannes Higden, pensionarius admissus, infirm; the last entry being in 1717. In 1724 Alderman “ Octob. 9mo;" deserving notice as a comparatively Newton died. It was probably the widow of a grandson recent instance of a well-known surname of nearly three of his, who, in so readily parting with it, seems to have centuries earlier date. set but little value upon this curious record of Cambridge P. 139, A.D. 1606, “ Henricus Napier, pensionarius town life a century before.

" admissus, Maii quinto-decimo.” Qy. if this was one

of the six sons of John Napier, Baron Merchiston, the
inventor of Logarithms,



P. 150, A.D. 1615. “Gulielmus Waller, pensionarius, " admissis eodem die, mensis Maii 18mo." This is probably identical with Sir William Waller, the Parliamentary general. If so, his residence at Cambridge seems to have been hitherto overlooked; Hart Hall, and Magdalen Hall, Oxford, being named as the places of his education. Waller would then be 18 years of age.

P. 151, A.D. 1616. “ Oliverus Cromwell, Hunting doniensis, admissus ad Commeatum Sociorum, Aprilis “ vicesimo tertio, Tutore magistro Richard Howlet." To this entry, of Oliver Cromwell's admission as a FellowCommoner, is added the following note, in a hand of the latter part of the 17th century (that of Thomas Fowler, probably, Prælector of the College in 1673):-“Hic ** fuit grandis ille impostor, carnifex perditissimus, qui, " pientissimo Rege Carolo Primo nefaria cæde sublato, ipsum usurpavit thronum, et tria regna per 5 ferme “ annorum spatium, sub Protectoris nomine, indomita " tyrannide vexavit.” This note, though by no means now printed for the first time, is here transcribed, as it has been asserted that the entry of Cromwell's admission does not exist, and that therefore no such comment upon it could be in existence. That the original entry does not exist is certainly the fact, but the remarks of the indignant royalist, as seen above, are annexed to that which, at an early date, was substituted for it.

Among the original entries,

P. 173, A.D. 1622. “Adamus Sprakelynge, Cantuariæ natus, in Thanuto insula, in Parcecia Sancti Laurentii, " filius natu maximus Roberti Sprakelinge Armigeri, "... annum agens 17, admissus est pensionarius “ major.” The youth, thus entered as “Greater Pen“ sioner," was, no doubt, the same Adam Sprakelyng, who, having drunk and gambled away his fortune, was hanged at Sandwich in 1653, for deliberately murdering his wife, the daughter of Sir Robert Leuknor, by hewing her to pieces with a chopping-knife; see Wanley's Wonders of the Little World, p. 332, ed. 1788.

P. 173, A.D. 1622. In gilt letters upon a ground of green, inserted.-"Mountaguus Berty, Ordine Balniensi “ Eques auratus, natus Grimsthropiæ in Comitatu “ Lincolniensi, filius natu maximus honoratissimi viri, “: Roberti Berty, Baronis Willoughby de Eresby, lit" teris humanioribus privatim instructus sub Magistro “ Patricio Hayo, Scoto-Britanno, annum agens 15, ad. “ missus est pensionarius major Feb. 1, tutore ac fideso jussore Magistro Paulo Micklethwaite." P. 174, in similar gilt letters, the name of Roger Berty, succeeds.

P. 204, A.D. 1628, Charles Gataker, son of Thomas Gataker, B.D., formerly Fellow of this College, born at Rotherhithe, educated first by his father, and then 2 years at St. Paul's School, under Master Alexander Gill (Milton's schoolmaster] admitted pensioner, aged 15. The father was Rector of Rotherhithe, and was chosen to sit in the Assembly of Divines, at Westminster, in 1642. He also published an edition of the “ Meditations” of Marcus Antoninus. His son, Charles, published his father's Opera Critica, in two volumes folio, at the Hague, in 1698.

The following entry bears reference to Thomas Fuller, the eminent divine :

P. 210, A.D. 1630. “Thomas Fuller, filius Thomæ “ Fuller, Sacro-Sanctæ Theologiæ Baccalaurii, quondam “ Collegii Sanctæ et Individuæ Trinitatis apud Canta“ brigiam Socii, Rectoris ecclesiæ Sancti Petri in villa “ de Aldwinckle, in Comitatu Northamptoniensi, litteris “ grammaticis in schola privata in dicta parochia, “ præceptore Magistro Arthuro Smith, Oundeliensis ecclesia post Vicario, per quadriennium plus minus

institutus, admissus est in Collegio Reginali anno “ 1622, sub tutela Reverendissimi viri Jo. Davenantii, - SS. Theologiæ Professoris, Episcopi Sariberiensis, “ et Collegii Magistri, avunculi sui; usus dein tutoribus “ Magistro Edwardo Davenantio, et Magistro Thorpe, " ibidem gradu Baccalaureatus primo, postea Magister in Artibus, insignitus, admissus est in hoc Collegium " ad convictum Sociorum, anno 1629, Nov.5, Tutore et • fidejussore Reverendo Collegii Præfecto, Samuele 16 Ward, S. Theologiæ Professore:" after which, is the following entry in reference to the plague at Cambridge :--Propter pestem in oppido Cantabrigiensi graviter sævientem, factum est ut pauci hoc anno “ admitterentur."

P. 214, A.D. 1632. John Fuller, brother of Thomas, is admitted as a pensioner, aged 16.

P. 221, A.D. 1632. Entered in gold letters (tr.):“ Thomas Faget, son of Lord Paget, Baron Beaudesert, of Drayton in Middlesex, educated at Eton and “ Westminster, admitted Fellow-Commoner, aged 17.

P. 221, A.D. 1632,-“ Seth Ward, filius Johannis " Ward, attornati, Buntingfordiæ in Comitatu Hert

" fordiensi natus, ibique litteris grammaticis per sep. tennium, opera Magistri Thomæ Arres, Magistri “ Hatley, Magistri Holtkison, Magistri Johannis Meri“ ton, institutus, 16 ferme ætatis annum agens, admissus " est sizator, sub Reverendo Collegii Præfecto, Doctore " Ward, Decembri 1, et postea traditus in tutelam Magistro Carolo Pendrith.” Seth Ward is remembered as successively holding the bishoprics of Exeter and Salisbury.

P. 228, A.D. 1633. Entered in gold letters, the admission of Henry Roper, son of Thomas Viscount Baltinglas in Ireland; born at his father's house, called “Roper's Rest," near Dublin.

P. 253, A.D. 1637. Theophilus Dillingham is admitted M.A. at this College from Emmanuel College, where he has been for seven years, and is soon after elected a Fellow and becomes Tutor of the College. He was afterwards chosen Master of Clare Hall, in 1654.

P. 256, A.D. 1639. Francis Quarles, admitted pensioner, aged 17, son of Francis, late “ Sacellanus” of Gonville and Caius College, and now Rector of Newton, in Suffolk.

P. 273. At the end of the year 1643 this entry occurs, -“ Grassante bello civili, cesserunt armis togæ, nec " plures hoc anno admissi sunt.”

P. 277, A.D. 1644. Francis Pordage, of London, son of Samuel, shoemaker, is admitted as a sizar from St. Catherine's Hall. Qy. if a kinsman of John Pordage, the mystic, and follower of Jacob Behmen.

'P. 278, A.D. 1644. Thomas Lucy, of Charlecot, ad. mitted in 1640 at Queen's College, Oxford, now enters this College, as a Fellow-Commoner.

P. 210, A.D. 1645. Peter Pett, son of Peter, the King's" Archinaupegus,” or Head Shipwright, educated at St. Paul's School, enters as a pensioner, aged 15. The Petts are mentioned, more than once, in Pepys's Diary.

P. 282, A.D. 1645.-" Jacobus Sterne, filius Johannis « Sterne, jurisconsulti, de Tredah, apud Hybernienses, “ ibidemque literis grammaticis per biennium insti“tutus, postea vero, propter Papistarum rebellionem, “ anno 1641, in Angliam fugiens, in publicum gymna“ sium Cantabrigiense receptus per biennium, a præ. “ceptore Guilielmo Crab, Collegii Gonvillo-Caiensis “ Socio, admissus est sizator Octobris 3o, anno ætatis 15, “ sub Guilielmo Wells, Artium Bacallario." Qy. if any, and what, kinsman to Richard Sterne, of Jesus College, Cambridge, Archbishop of York ?

P. 302, A.D. 1650. Ralph Wicliffe, son of William, gentleman, born at Sunderland, and educated at Alnwick, in Northumberland, admitted sizar June 13, aged 18.

P. 305, A.D. 1651. Edmund Calamy, son of Edmund S. T. B. (formerly of Pembroke Halls, educated at St. Paul's School, admitted a pensioner 28th March, aged 17: afterwards eminent as one of the Nonconformists.

P. 331, A.D. 1661. Benjamin Calamy, second son of Edmund, S. T. B., minister of Aldermanbury, admitted a pensioner 9th May, aged 15, having been educated at St. Paul's School. In contradiction to the opinions entertained by his elder brother, Edmund, he became equally distinguished as a supporter of High Church principles.

P. 384, A.D. 1670. Thomas Kettlewell, eldest son of Roger, Clerk, of Nonmongton in Yorkshire, admitted sizar 5th October, aged 16; probably a kinsman of John Kettlewell, the eminent divine.

P. 402, A.D. 1675. William Wollaston, admitted a pensioner 19th June. He is still remembered as the pen author of " The Religion of Nature delineated.”

P. 440, A.D. 1681. Nathaniel, youngest son of John Hooke, priest, born at Corbalis in the County of Dublin, in Ireland, educated at Dublin, at Dath, and at Kilkenny, admitted sizar, 6th July, aged 16, Qy if not the father of the writer on Roman history, of the same name, who died in 1764, and whose .parentage, according to the biographers, is unknown?

P. 453, A.D. 1685. “Thomas, filius quintus Henrici “ Woolston, coriarii, natus apud Antonam, vulgo “ dictum ‘Northampton,' in Comitatı Northamptoniæ, “per sexennium sub ferula Magistri Archer apud Antonam, oppidum prædictum, educatus, porro per “ spatium anni iisdem studiis · operam navavit, sub “ inspectione Magistri Jackson de Daventry, donec, 16 “ annos natus, 11 mo Junii cooptatus fuerat pensionarius " minor, fidejussore suo venerabili viro Jacobo John. “son, S. T. B." The following note has been written beneath this memorial of the commencement of the celebrated free-thinker's Collegiate career :-"Hic ille " fuit hæreticus, qui A.D. 1728-9, Salvatoris sui

" miracula palam oppugnavit, ludibrio et habere non In the “Morewarding” Account for 1612:4" In- PARISH OF

CHEDDER. “ primis, paid Mr. Fuller for mowinge ye river .. “ erubuit."

P. 465, A.D. 1690. “Robertus, filius natu maximus “ xii 8. iiiid." This item occurs repeatedly; in other
" Magistri Roberti Baylis, petopolæ (Angl. Tobac- instances (8. a. 1633, 41) it is entered as, “For mowing
« conist'), Londinensis :” educated first at Merchant “ the King's river.” The cutting up of the sedge and
Taylors', then at St. Paul's School, he was admitted weeds at the bottom of the stream that runs between
a scholar on the 4th of June. From a note added Chedder Cliffs is meant. “For setting up the diall ..
“ Anno 1729, Prætor Londinensis, 1729,” we learn V 8.," and “ Given to a briffe to John Field . . vid.,"
that he was Lord Mayor of London in 1728-9. On being are entries in the Churchwardens' Account for the
appointed a Commissioner of Customs, he resigned his same year, Field, no doubt, having a licence to beg.
Aldermanship, that of Bread Street Ward.

Notlacke's Bridge, Anthony's Close, Bulhurste, and
The First Register extends from A.D. 1598 to 1706, Deanes Bridge, are localities mentioned at this date.
the Second from 1707 to 1843. The following extracts In 1613, extensive repairs were done to the Church
from the latter are perhaps deserving of remark:-

tower. In the Churchwardens' Account for this year
P. 108. A.D. 1924. *“Gulielmus, filius Gulielmi are the following items :-“ Paid Webb for his judg-
“ Pattison, de Peasemarsh in Comitatu Sussexiæ, “ment about ye tower . . xiis. For one oke for the
“ agricolæ, ibidem natus ; postquam literis grammaticis " tower . . xxxiii 8. iv d. Paid Woolon for his labour
“ per triennii spatium apud Appleby in Comitatu West- “ about the tower . . xxix s. viii d. Paid John Rogers
« moriensi sub Magistro Yates operam navavit, ad- “ for clymminge the tower . . vii s. vid. Paid for
“ missus est sizator Julii 6to die 1724, annum ætatis “ spokes to make pinnes for the tower . . iv d.Among
“ agens 18mum, fide-jubente Johanne Bell A.M.” A the Churchwardens' receipts for 1614 are—“For the
note is added, in a later hand :-“Idem in lucem postea “ old Bible . . xiii 8. iv d. For the whafer ire.
“ edidit versus quosdam lingua vernacula conscriptos, “ xviii d.”: the latter item meaning, no doubt, the iron
" qui felicis satis ingenii venam indicarunt, bonumque with which the consecrated wafer bad in former times
“ olim augurati sunt poetam. At juvenem, carmina been heated. Among the items of expenditure, in this
“ famamque meditantem, sic Deo visum est, ‘Abstulit and the following year :-“ For our dinner at Bristoll
" atra dies, et funere mersit acerbo.'”. Given à soldyer . , iid. Paid Sir Thomas
P. 147, A.D. 1739. Thomas, son of Roger Manley, " Thinn for cheife rent . . iv d.," an item which occurs
druggist, of Beaufort Buildings, in the Strand, London, each year. Sir T. Thynne was had of the manor of
is entered as being admitted pensioner, aged 18. Query Cheddar, now the property of the Marquis of Bath,
whether this Roger Manley was a son, or grandson, of Paid Samuel Crooker for mendinge ye tower, and
Sir Roger Manley, to whom was attributed the author- " for whitlyminge the church . . XXXV S. iv d.
ship of the once celebrated work, “ The Turkish Spy;" Among the “Chargis” of the Churchwardens in
and whose daughter, De la Riviere Manley, wrote the 1616, are several payments to poor men that had a
“Memoirs of the New Atalantis," and was the coadjutor licence ;-" To Thomas Mary and his boye . . xxd. To
of Swift in some of his political writings.

“ the sparrow catcher . . xiid. To Henry Collings for
Fol. 166, A.D. 1748. John, the son of John Coleridge, “ whipping ye dogges .. V8. To a poore man that had
weaver, of Crediton, in Devonshire, was admitted a “ lost by fire .. vid."
sizar on the 5th of July in this year, aged 29; identical Among the Receipts of the Churchwardens in 1617 :-
probably with the Vicar of St. Mary Ottery, Devon, of “ Received more for the new seats on the north ylle of
that name, father of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

" the Chauncell, of these persons as followeth, for their
The earlier part of this volume, it deserves remark, “ lives . . iis. iv d.” From several items, apparently
contains the records of the migration of large numbers belonging to this year, (the exact date being on a leaf
of Oxford Bachelors of Arts to this College, during the now lost,) we find that the church bells were then recast.
first half of the last century.

“ To Robert Wiseman for casting the bells . . iv li." The following names of trades appear in the first Several items occur of gifts to poor men that had a pass, volume of these Registers, and, as curious specimens “Paid William Conant towards the settinge up of the of canine Latin, are worth preserving-"bestiator,Cage . . xlis. Given a man that had the Kinge's a cattle-dealer, “acicularius," a needle-maker, " pan- “ Seale . . xii d. Paid for crampes for the pinacells “ nifex," a clothier, “ tabacconista," a tobacconist. “ [of the tower].. xiid. Paid Polidory Garment for

“ a tree .. iv 8. For diett for the ringers' dinner the

“ v th of November .. iis. ivd." Among the “ Chargis"
for this year,—“For a table for the degrees of mariage..

iv d.'


A.D. 1612–74.

Having received for inspection a volume containing
the above Accounts, by the kind favour of Mr. Thomas
Serel, of the Town Clerk's Office, at Wells, its present
owner, and finding its contents deserving of a somewhat
extended notice, I have added to my Reports from other
parts of the County of Somerset, a number of extracts
from its pages, by way of sample. They give us some
insight into the details of country life, in a somewhat
rude district, at the period above-mentioned.

The volume was given to Mr. Serel some years since, in
the form of a number of loose and tattered paper leaves, by
the late Mr. Jesse Hill, of Chedder : how he came into the
possession of them is, I believe, unknown. These leaves
have been repaired, sorted, and arranged, and now form
a thin folio (half-bound in cloth) of about 200 pages;
the contents of which range between the dates at the
head of this notice, with the exception that there is one
isolated leaf at the beginning, belonging to the Church-
wardens' Accounts for the year 1599. Portions of the
Accounts for some years are wanting, and in other
instances, towards the end of the book, more par-
ticularly, those for several years together are lost.
The accounts in general seem to have been carefully
kept; and the writing, from the beginning, throughout
the greater part of the volume, is remarkable for its
dearness and general excellence. Many of the Church-
wardens, probably, among whose names are those of
members of the families of Durban, Spiring, Reeve,
Chisman, and Comer, were comparatively well educated
men; but a grant of 68. 8d. is entered yearly as being
paid to a clerk, “for keeping the book," whose duty
it was, probably, among other things, to write out these
accounts for each year.

Among the “Chargis” of the Churchwardens in 1618 is, “ Paid for pitchinge the Crosse ... vs. ii d.” The old Market Cross, of stone, still exists: it would be its timber work, probably, that was pitched.--"Given " Mr. Reed for his Sermons . . X8. Paid for a Prayer booke for Mr. Arundell .. vi 8. viii d.

In 1624 apparently (the date not being given) the
gifts in charity are comparatively numerous. Among
them,-"Item, paid a sayler that came froin Turkey ..
“ ii d. Paid a sayler that had the Broade Seale . . iv d.
“ Paid a blind woeman that was carried about upon a
" horse .. vid. Paid a blind preacher . . iii s. iv d.
Also, “paid Richard Hardwich for mending the church
“ hutch, and for nayles . . vid." “Paid to a sayler
“ that had the Lord Debetyes Lessons .. iv d.The
Accounts appear to be lost between this year and 1631.

Among the Churchwardens' Receipts for 1631:-
“ Received for the buriall of Charity Durban . .
“ vi s. viii d.(The death of Agnes Durban had been
previously recorded.) There are also receipts of sums
of 2 shillings for grants of seats in the church to Thomas
Reeve and George Tibbet, for life. Among the pay-
ments ;-—"Paid Mr. Clun for playinge the organes ..
“ jis. Paid John Backwell for a prayer for the Queene..
iid. Paid a minister's widdow, which had her hus-
“ band killed in Fraunce, for standinge for our reli.
gion .. vid. Paid an Irishman that travayled with a
" passe . . iiid. Paid John Backwell for a prayer for
“ the Lady Mary [daughter of Charles I., afterwards
“ Princess of Orange). . ii d.In the “Morewardins'”
Accounts for this year, fines, of varying amounts, are
exacted of those Commoners “who were absent at
" Comon worke."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1632: among the
“Chargis" ;-" Item, paid for a houre glasse . . viii d.
“ Paid William Hardwick for a frame for the howre
“ glasse . . viii d.”—In the Constables’ Accounts for this


year are the following items :-" Inprimis, paid Thomas

Smith for mending the stocks . . iis. Item, paid the " same Thomas for settinge upp a frame in the church, “ to hange the armor upon .. xiis. Paid Thomas Gar"ment for carryinge the armor to Bridgwater and “ Axbridge .. vi s. vid. Paid Christopher Henry for si dressinge the armor . . vis. viiid."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1633. -— “ Item, “ paid to a poore maymed soldier for reliefe .. vid. “ Paid 4 soldiers for reliefe . . vid. Paid William “ Boole for watchinge Thomas Crooker, being under “ reste in the Parish sute . . üid. Paid a company of poore people . . iid. Paid for John Bushe's labour “ for tymberinge the Crosse . . iv 8. vid. Paid for the “ Booke of Recreation .. vid. Paid at Wells, when " the Apparitor somened us, for no cause .. iii 8.”

The Churchwardens' Account for 1634 is imperfect: at the end of it is the following memorandum :-“Soe “ remayneth in stock xxxiv s. ix d.obol. quadr., whereof “ there was of it in farthings, not good, as before in " thir receipts, which they received of the old Wardins, ii 8. xd. obol. quadr. These farthings was not denied “ by any persons, when the old Churchwardins did “ gather their rate, but they were thought to be very good, and before they did give up their accoumpt, “ these farthings was called in. So at this accoumpt it " was agreed by those that were there, that these far" things should never be questioned any more." These farthings, it may be remarked, were issued by the government in the nature of pledges, or tokens, but not as an authorized coinage. In the Constables' Receipts for the same year :-"Item, paid i soldyer that was redemed from the Turkes . . iv d. Paid 3 more that “ came from the same place . . vs."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1635 :-“Paid John “ Corner for mending the bord that the overseers doe “ use .. iv d. To Thomas Hille for layinge the Faire “ stuffe at his house . . iis. Paid William Ven for lay“ inge the Faire stuffe in his house . . xviii s." The wood forming the stalls is probably meant, certain profits accruing to the Churchwardens from the yearly Fairs of St. George and St. Luke. The “Morewardins" of the same year receive ix d. of “Polidory Hawkins,” for the enjoyment of common rights.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1636:-“Paid for " a Prayer booke concerning the sicknesse . . xii d. “ Paid Mr. Hewes for entering in the Corte the liberte " that was given us to amend the orgaines . . iv d. “ Paid for mending and tewninge the orgaines . . iv li. " Paid at Wells, for dismissing the Corte at Wells about “ the orgaines . . xviii d.” In the Constables' Account for the same year :-" Received more into our hands of “ a rate made for the preparinge of a shipp.. ix 8. ix d.,” an item for collection of "ship-money."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1637 :-“Received “ of Edward Crooker for a seate upon the binche under the minister's pewe, for his liffe. . ii 8.:" payments for seats in the church for life, at this period, become rather numerous." Paid Richard Hardwich for draw“ inge the bellowes. of the orgaines, ... Vs. Paid for a “tut [i.e. hassock] for him that drawes the bellowes " of the orgaines to sit upon . . iv d. Paid Thomas Durban and Richard Smith, Constables, for settinge “ up the whippinge-post, and for carryinge Peakeman's 66 wench to prison . . . xiis.”

The Churchwardens' Accounts for 1638 :-"Paid a “ scoller with a surtevicate .. vid. Paid one William “ Jones, a minister, upon his request, and by the con“ sent of many of the Parishe . . vs. Paid ii travilers " with a certivicate that they have beene in the King's “ service . . xd. Paid Mr Coxe for stopinge a busi“ nesse in the Crowne Office concerninge the goodes of John Ven, that destroyed himselfe . . xviii 8. Paid “ to Backwell, the Aparitor, for the King's Procla. “ macion . . vid. Paid the same Backwell for a prayer “ for the King's Majestie . . iv d.In the same year :-" 20th of Aprill, Anno Domini 1638. John Bale ** hath agreed with Robert Rogers and John Jefferis, " Constables for this yeare, Thomas Durban, and Richard Smith, with other of the Parish of Chedder, ", to keepe the armor of Chedder yearely duringe the “ life of the said John Bale, at vii s. the yeare, viz, “ that is, to keepe it cleane and other reparacions, as in “ former tyme it doth appeare hee hath done, that is, " with buckels, nailes, and leather.”—The marke of John Bale.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1639 :-" Paid John “ Comer for his helpe at St. Luke's Faire, and for the “ plough, and for a man to goe with the plough both “ Faires . . iïi s. Paid 3 men that were maymed by “ the Turkes .. iii d. Paid Mr Richard Hall for 13

" yardes of holland at 48. the yarde, for a surpligse . . PARISE OF “ ii li. xii s. Paid by consent, at the accoumpt, to CHEDDER. “ Richard Hardwich, for blowinge the orgaine billis ".. is.”

The Church wardens' Account for 1640 :-" Item, paid “ for iii trees for the church iili. Item, paid for “ meate for the oxen, when they did fetch the trees .. “ vs. Spent for the ploughmen's supper, and in the “ morning . . vi s. xd. Allowed to myself Herculas “ elsewhere written “Herculaus"] Comer, for one “ loade . . xii s. Item, paid for two bookes for the “ Fast . . i8. iv d. Paid a gentleman, by request of “ MWickham . . ii s. Item, for a booke for the pro“ ceedinge of ye Parliement .. iv d. Item, paid for 8 “ Irishe people with a passe . . viii d. Paid Richard “ Crespin's boy and maid for whitlyminge of the yle " that was built . . ii 8. vi d.” The Constables' Account for the same year :-" Paid the furbor for dressing the “ armor . . ix s. Paid for a payre of bondeleares “ [bandoleers] . . ii s. vid. Paid the soldiers for presse money . . ix s. vid. Paid Thomas Garud for carry"inge the armor to Bridgwater . . xii s. Spent upon " the trayners at Bridgwater . . xiid. Spent upon the “ furbor . . viii d. Paid for mending the scabbarde of “ a sword .. vi d.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1641:-“ Spent " upon the free mason when he did take the work of “ the bellefry), and at the end thereof . . xx d. Spent " at Longford upon the Constables and Overseers, when " they took the oath of Protestation .. iv s. viiid. " Paid a man with a passe, that had his house and goods “ burnt . . vid. Paid for the Protestation . . vid." In the “Morewardins" Account for the same year:“ Imprimis, paid William Fuller, for mowinge the “ river . . xxvii s. Paid his sonne for drayinge the “ boat (for such mowing] 3 dayes . . xviii d."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1642:-"Received of Robert Martin, junior, for a seate for his life, in " the seate by the dore in the Chaunsell, that goeth up “ into the leds . . xii d.” Among the payments :“ Paid a Yrishe Minister for a Sermon . . vs. Paid one Yrishe man and woeman, and childe . . viiid. Paid 6 poore people that came out of Yreland .. “ xii d.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1643:4" Received “ of Nicholas Spenser, for a seate for William Spenser, " the sonne of George Spenser, for his life: this seate " is the seate at the north end of the binch under the “ minister's pewe . . xvi d. Received of George Brooke " for a seate in the new seate by the belfery, to be holden by the said George Brooke during the life of “ Mary, the daughter of James Spenser, of Draycot .. “ xii d.Among the payments :-"Paid unto a briffe “ for Hungerford, being burnt . . xii d. Paid unto a “ minister that had the Marques of Heriford's (Hert66 ford's] Letter . . vs. Paid 2 Yrishe woomen and “ 4 children which had the Lorde Hopton's Letter, “ being a knight's daughter . . ii 8. Paid an Yrishe “ minister that did preach All Saints' Day . . vs. “ Spent upon a preacher that did preach in the absence “ of Mr Wickham . . Xx d.” Payments for the relief of Irish people about this date are very numerous.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1644:-" Paid the “ Constable of the hundred for bookes of declarations. “ published in the church.. xii d. Paid James “ Collings for covering a soldier's grave, and William “ Sayers . . xx d.

The Churchwardens' Account for 1646 :-"Received " of John Gardner, for the use of the Crosse . . xii d. “ Received of Thomas Hill towards the setinge up of a “ binch about the youth-tree (yew-tree] . . xiid."

The Churchwardens' Account for 1649:-“ Received “ of M' Gorges, for the coveringe of his father and “ mother's graves, and for setinge up of the seate that “ was taken downe to make his mother's grave .. vi 8." Among the payments :-“ Paid a travalinge woeman “ and a minister, that came from Ireland . . xviiid. “ Paid a man that came from Ireland, that had lost his “ limbs . . vid. Paid a company of distressed Irishe “ people. . xii d. Paid unto 4 severall distressed companies of Irishe people, in one week . . iis. 66 viiid. Paid a poore distressed gentleman and his “ family . . xii d. Paid a poore gentlewoman and her " children . . xii d. Paid 2 widdowes and 7 children, “ that came from Ireland . . xviii d. Paid a gentle. “ man, his wife, and six children . . xvid. Paid a “ poore distressed widdow and three children .. xd. “ Paid to a poore distressed widdow and 5 children, " that came out of the North country . . xii d. Paid “ for the ringers' breakfast the 29th August, beinge a “ day of thankesgivinge .. viii 8. vid. Paid for ring

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