Imagens das páginas

DUKE OF forfeiture of their estates would eat up the estates, and call Lord Forrester writes from Preston, Novembr. 16th, DUKE OF MONTROSE.

B. forth the sympathy of the people with the unfortunate. A [1715], that all the officers along with him, except two, MOSTEOSE.

Bill should be passed for compounding with the rebels or were either killed or wounded, with nearly 100 of his best
their heirs.

men, but that himself had escaped with a wound in the jaw
There is a copy (undated] of a Petition addressed to the and right hand. Wills had given the Scotch prisoners, 950
House of Lords by “ James Radcliffe, late Earl of Der in number, to his charge. Lord F. sends the Duke of
“ wentwater, and others," who were under sentence of Montrose, a list of their names, requesting the separation
death to be executed on the Friday following, praying the of the “men of quality and people of distinction” from
intercession of the Lords with His Majesty for mercy the other prisoners. Owing to the attempted escape of
towards them “in such manner as to your Lordships' great Lord Charles Murray, Major Nairn, and Ensign Dalzell,
“ wisdom and goodness shall seem most proper.”

the whole of the prisoners had been placed under unusually
There are two letters from “F. Loumeau Du Pont, close confinement.
“ Ministre," (dated at Edinburgh, May 8th and July 21st,

1715), in name of the French Refugees, thanking His Grace
the Duke of Montrose for his kindly attentions, who, not-

Letters from the Earl of Glasgow.
withstanding the “haut employ auquel le Seigneur vous a In a letter dated Edinr., 28 June 1702, the Earl of
“ élevé,” shows himself “le père nourrissier des poures Glasgow states that the Commissioner had, as he declared,
“ Protestants Réfugiés."

from regard to the Duke of Montrose, with whom he had
had a conference in the morning, urged the Chancellor and
others to move that affair of the abjuration; which sure

enough the Chancellor did very fiercely, and to the perplexity
Lord Eglintoune, in a letter dated at Eglintoune, 10th

of the Commissioner. The Earl of Glasgow urges the Duke Augt. 1715, states that a meeting “most frequent” of

of Montrose to come up and “ward off this fatal blow Ayrshire gentlemen had been held at Ayr the day before,

“ that is designed this nation by this confounded Abwhen an Address to His Majesty was signed, offering that

“ juration,” as he would “have more weight and interest they would march “ with their whole fencible men," but

“ with the Commissioner to divert and put off this designed that they were in need of arms and ammunition.

“ blow to the nation then twenty of us members of the Eglintoune, Janry, 27, [1] 716.- Recommends a young

“ House.” man, than whom he has known none “of a suitter dis

In another letter, dated Edinr., 3 June 1707, he says that “ position and better understanding, the Earl of Carnwath,

things were pretty quiet as regards the Excise, except that “ now impeached by the House of Commons."

some idle women had thrown a stone or two one day at the The Provost of Edinburgh (McClellen) writes on the

Supervisors of the Excise. However, the excisemen got 2nd December, 1707, that a Convention of the Royal

town officers for company, and the brewers themselves Burghs had for several days discussed various methods

treated them very courteously on the whole. for promoting trade, the result of which was certain over

In another letter dated Edinr., 10th March 1715, the
tures to be transmitted to Parliament.

Earl of Glasgow would like a pension of 5001, settled on
him.-As ground for this, he sketches his political relations

thus:-“I have served the Government from the Conven-
There is amongst the Montrose letters a copy of an im- « tion of Estates in eighty-nyne to this day, constantly ad-
portant letter from Duncan Forbes of Culloden to the Earl « hering to the Revolution Settlement and the Protestant
of Islay, dated at Inverness, 2nd December, 1715. This

" Succession, having expended of my own money the tyme

« Succession, having expended of my out
letter states that on Culloden's approach all things in that “ of the Union Parliament a thousand pound sterling,
quarter were under the rebels. Inverness and its castle " which my Lord Godolphin promised frequently to refound
were garrisoned by the Mackenzies, so that he had to re- " to me.” &c.
main at Culloden, harrassing the enemy and fruitlessly A letter written from “ Air,” 20 Augt. 1715, refers to a
attacking the town, till he was aided by Lord Lovat, who, meeting of all the Ayrshire heritors held the day before,
putting himself at the head of 200 Frazers, whom Frazer. when a unanimous vote would have been given for the
dale had been unable to force into rebellion, threw him. maintenance of 4,000 men for six weeks, had not a few
self between Keppoch (who was marching to Inverness strenuously opposed this on the ground of illegality. (Cf.
with 300 men), and the garrison of 250 which occupied the Eglinton's letter.)
town, successfully repelling Keppoch, and straitening the Writing from Kelburn, 1st Sept. 1715, he states that
town on the west; stirred by his example, Grant, Kilraick, great alarm existed in Ayrshire, but the disaffected there
and Forbes' brother, with their men, pressed so hard upon wouldn't “risque a sixpence.” On Monday was seven-
the besieged that they were forced to flee. Lovat was er night, “a rendevous of fencible men had been held at
tremely active, and on the rumour of his approach, his « Irvine, where about 6,000 had met. Glasgow himself
kinsmen retired from their association with Frazerdale.

“ offered to support 500 men for 40 days, and induced
Inverness was entered on the 12th, after which they occu- " others to promise a similar effort according to their
pied themselves with fortifying the castle and town. Captain « ability.”
Bryce, commander of a merchant ship at Cromarty, offered The Magistrates of Glasgow write (19 March 1708), to
them 12 new cannon and ammunition out of his ship's affirm the general loyalty of the west country, and state

that orders had been given for apprehending several indi-
The Mackenzie chiefs had .sworn to peace under the viduals, and that one man had been seized with suspicious
penalty of 5001., with whom and 1,500 men raised in papers. Constant correspondence was kept up with the
Sutherland and Ross, the Earl of Sutherland, followed by

f Sutherland, followed by principal places in the west, their guards had been doubled
Lovat, Grant and Kilraick, had marched into Moray for the and all strangers were examined.
purpose of reducing that district. Colonel Munro was They write again from Glasgow, Aug. 11, 1714, that on
now occupying Inverness Castle with 300 of his men, he the day of King George's proclamation, all had been quiet,
and Lord Rae having also assisted in the raising of Suther- except that a mob wait round the streets at night (doing no
land's forces. Munro had a "villainous lodging," without damage however); on the previous evening Cockburn's
“ regular force or provision.”

meeting-house had been entered, had had all its seats and
Forbes complains of his ignorance of all matters in the windows thrown into the street in three-quarters of an
South district, but guesses serious defeat to the rebels from hour-an action due probably to the Jacobites themselves,
the home-coming of the clans. Inverness was important, with the hopelessness of their cause as motive.
and the rebels were making preparations for re-taking it, The Earl of Glencairn writes from Finlastoun, Octr. 6th,
of which, however, there was no danger, so long as the 1714, that Dumbarton Castle (to the command of which
forces in Moray kept together.

he had been lately appointed) was in a very bad con-
Mr. Fall writes from “Dunebar, Sunday, at 5 in ye dition, and the letter encloses for Marlborough a list of
« morning, March 14th, 1708,” that, on the 12th, at about the various requisites. In a subsequent letter (of the 25th)
6 o'clock at night, twenty-four men-of-war anchored at he states that he had nothing “but some olde russty
Craill, and were the next morning accosted by a Craill “ bulletts and matchs.” Up to the year 1716 he complains
boat. The Admiral, who was on board a ship of 70 guns, that his castle was unheeded, although next in importance
did not conceal that his fleet was French, and that they had to that of Edinburgh, and that he was unjustly accused of
intended to land in the Firth, steering northward only having turned off some of Islay's soldiers, and of having
from fear of the English squadron. Two hours after this paid with meal instead of money.
colloquy, sure enough the English came near, when the Letters of Sir Wm. Gordon.
English Admiral despatched, by way of Eyemouth, a light Writing from Fortwilliam, 15th March 1715, Gordon
frigate with news to Her Majesty. Much firing was heard (formerly in the Prussian service) gives rumours, that the
between four and seven of the 13th. The English ships Duke of Berwick 'was to land in England where he ex-
were 24 in number, and all large; those of the French, pected a large supply of horse; that the Pretender was
equal in number, were all of them very small, except to land in Scotland wherever the winds blew him, paying

his soldiers "3d, p. diem;" that one Ewen M'Lachlan


DOKE OF had been sent South the week before for advice; that view; the third, made up of the Clans of Glengarry, Clan- DUKE OF
MOSTEOBE. Wm. Drummond, the younger of Buchadie, was expected ranald, &c., which, after a fortnight's encampment at MONTROSE.

from France, and that a son of Sir Andrew Foster, under Strafillan had marched up against Inverary where the Earl
the name of Fisher, was frequenting the houses of of Islay had entrenched himself, and was sure of repelling
Breadalbane and Drummond. In a letter of Feb. 12, the rebels; the fourth, which lay at Kelso, was formed of
Gordon had informed His Grace of the arrival of Bahn 1,400 foot and 800 horse, and with whom were Borlum,
alias Fraser and Fisher, from the Pretender, who had Lord Nairn and his son, James Urquhart, and others.
appointed Lord Drummond to command the Highlands, This force had marched from Dunse. It had “Mass and
entrusting him with money for raising forces. An address “ Church of England set up” for the accommodation of
to the King, almost fully signed, from the Highland Chiefs the troops. Four hundred men of this force were from
had been stopped on the reception of this news, by Lochiel, Atholl, but a great number had deserted and been cap-
Appin, and others, who had held a meeting at Ardemurchy. tured, some of them even by a clergyman and his

In a letter from Fortwilliam, April 5th, 1715, he writes parishioners.
that frequent meetings had been held at Appin, Glengarry, Several of Gorthie's letters give details of the battle of
Achnacarry and Capoch, during the past two months, and Sheriffmuir near Dumblane, but these are somewhat con-
that correspondence was regular between Lords Breadalbane tradictory, as he allows, from the multitude of reports which
and Drummond. Lochiel had gone South by way of Appin, reached him. A clear statement is given of this struggle
and Gordon had sent a trusty man on his track.

in a letter dated Glasgow, 16 Novr. 1715. The volun-
In a letter from Fortwilliam, April 13th, 1716, he states teers had been joined by Argyle to his regular troops, in
that Colonel Brooks had been sent from Inverness to order to complete his line, having altogether, including
reduce Seaforth's district, Col. Cholmley to take possession these volunteers, only 3,300 men to meet the rebel force of
of the house of Glengarry who had surrendered to General between eight and nine thousand. The battle took place a
Cadogan. Men were detached from the Fortwilliam force mile to the East of Dumblane towards the hill, at a little
to scour the country of Clanronald and the Isles.

distance from Kippendavie. The left of the royal troops In a letter from Fortwilliam, 1st June 1716, he says was not yet formed, when the rebels, who had been drawn the order ran that heritors and officers were not to be ad up at some distance, ran on in good order till within halfmitted to mercy; but as Commoners were, and many shot of the King's troops, when they halted; then firing Camerons—while officers were nothing more, and were so one round, they threw down their guns and rushed upon poor as to maintain themselves in prison, Sir William begs the enemy, whose yet unformed left wing retreated under their release.

General Whitham to Stirling, who supposed that all was
Graeme, of Drenny, writes on the 30 Janry. 1716, com- over. The right wing of the royal troops received the
plaining that the Mackenzies had five times robbed him, enemy in a different way; this—consisting of Evans's
taken away most of his “coins," "striped ye poor bernis dragoons, the Greys, and Volunteers-cut through the
“ naked when asleep, and took my wife shoons of hir feet opposite line, and pursued the discomfited force to the
“ with hir body cloots.”

River Allan.
From John Graeme, of Killearn, there are several letters Another letter, of the 18th of this same month, which
ranging from 1707 to 1714, in two of which mention is gives another account of the battle with little variation
made of his dealings with Rob Roy. In one he states that from that above drawn, states the dissatisfaction in Scotland
he had got 501. from Rob Roy, which “ was all he had at on account of the feeling of contempt for the Highlanders
" the tyme, but promises the rest in a fortnight or twenty entertained by the English Ministry and of the ill-will there
" days.” This payment was probably for rent of land nursed against the Duke of Argyle, the result of which was
leased by Rob Roy from the Duke of Montrose.

the insufficient supply of troops that rendered necessary
A letter dated Killearn, 18th April 1715, says that ten the action of volunteers formed of the noblest of Scotch-
days before the Laird of McKennan and some others from men.
Skye had met with Rob Roy, Glengyle, &c., on the north
side of Loch Katrine. Lord Drummond had appointed
the Highland Chiefs to let him know on the previous Lord Halifax, in a letter of date Octr. 26, 1708, urges the
Saturday how many men each could raise.

necessity of the Duke of Montrose's presence in Parliament,
A letter from Buchanan, 14th June 1715, gives account at least during the discussion of Scotch affairs.
of the travels of Wm. Graham who had on political Letters from the Earl of Haddington.
purposes been sent into the Highlands. The Highlanders A letter of Dec. 15, 1707, mentions that the Scotch Court
were active; 10,000 targets were prepared, broad swords had hopes that the clergy would create some excitement
and belts having been procured from Glasgow, Dumblane, against the Union, as, through the deprivation of the
&c.; the Captain of Clan Ronald had been communing Privy Council, they imagined they would have no Court
with Lord Antrim and had 100 guineas from him. of Appeal. They complain that the militia will be expen-
Rob Roy had to live close at home, he and the Laird of sive, and indeed declare all the actions of the “ squadronie "
Lochbuy being distrusted for sending intelligence to wrong.
Argyle and Islay.

In another letter dated Edinburgh, Nov. 18, 1707, he
A letter from Stirling (28 July 1715), gives news of the wishes some "understanding man ” were down to see the
Highlanders. The Pretender was to land about the first of “ noble appearance we make with our government; I am
August, that declaration having been sent to all the Clans. “ sure it would give a disgust at them to all eternity.” ...
Athole and Breadalbane had summoned their vassals and “ Our folks hath no mind* to quit with there beloved
tenants on a pretence of some agricultural concern, but « salarys," and they were devising “twenty different
really to concert against the Pretender.

schemes of government.”
Writing from the Kirk of Aberfoyle 28th Septr. 1715, he A letter dated Edinburgh, October 21, 1715 [probably
states that on the night of the 27th a party of Macgregors from Lord Binning), states that on the 20th, the anniversary
under Glengyle and Marchfield, had attacked the Duke's of the robing of the Peers, they had marched with General
tenants a little above Aberfoyle, and seized 20 or 30 guns. Whitman at their head to the Cross with feathers in their
The Earl of Mar had written to Killearn that he expected caps, where they drunk all the healths suitable for such an
“ one of his name and family ” would enter the King's occasion.
Service (Pretender's), and engage the Duke's men " to Letters from Colonel John Hope.
“ assist his restoration.” (See under Mar.)

Dundee, 3 Feb. 1716.—No wonder the Rebels left Perth
A large bundle of letters from Mungo Graham, Laird as there was no proper defence. The royal troops entered
of Gorthie, is for the most part occupied with the private on Wednesday morning at two, finding only some little
affairs of the Duke of Montrose; and although during the iron guns and wheeled carriages, the 3 brass guns having
year 1715 regular accounts were transmitted by him to the been thrown into the river. The Duke and Cadogan
Duke of Montrose of the progress of the Rebellion in marched on Thursday with the English foot, 3 regiments
Scotland, his statements are to not be reckoned so accurate of dragoons, and 950 detached foreigners. The Pretender's
as those of many others included in this report, and, troops were marching much faster than theirs ; he expected
indeed, contain little beyond what we have given elsewhere. they would ship off the Pretender and separate; two ships

A letter from Gorthie, of date Octr. 25th, 1715, and had landed at Montrose and Aberdeen with officers and
written from Edinburgh, gives a summary of the position ammunition.
of the Rebel troops in Scotland. There were four Montrose, 6 Feb. 1716.—The Pretender, Mar, &c.
divisions, the first, Mar's force, which was then lying at (Marischal was thought to be left behind) embarked at
Perth, and composed with more regard to quantity than Montrose on the 4th at 9 at night, as many as two ships
quality (a detached party of this force was, on the Monday could hold, the one of 90 the other of 30 tons; urging the
previous, defeated on its way to Dunfermline by 150 upward march of the clans by the report that the enemy
dragoons under Colonel Cathcart); the second, that of were but four miles off. Great consternation arose on dis-
Seaforth, whose numbers, composed of Macdonalds and covery of the Pretender's departure, and some made for
Mackenzies, had frightened from an engagement the Earl Aberdeen in little boats. Finab, with 300 Highlanders,
of Sutherland, who had been marching with that end in was before the rest of the (loyal) troops a day's march,

DUKE OF plundering heartily, and Argyle with his dragoons led the MONTROSE.

van for the purpose of retarding the march.

Aberdeen, 8 Feb. 1716.-The rebels left Aberdeen on the 7th, the clans having retired to the hills. About 250 gentlemen had made for Peterhead in order to take ship, pursued at 24 hours' interval by Evans; fired on by a manof-war, they marched on from Peterhead.

Mar had deluded the rebels at Montrose by affirming three or four British men-of-war' that were seen, to be the van of the French fleet with 8,000 men, and had even sent out the pilots of that place. After the Pretender “had 6 given the clan the slip,” he returned with Marischal to his lodgings for a trunk, and in disguise carried it off to the ship. Marischal would not go on board but remained with the horsemen.

Kinross, 18 Feb. 1716.-The French had gone up Strathspey with some Highlanders. The Earl of Huntly had sent for Col. Grant to take possession of Castle Gordon.

“ Blair in Athole," 1 April 1716.—The troops were marching from the various districts to assemble at Rivan, in Badenoch. Glengarry, Keppoch, Clanranald, &c. were to have a meeting, as was reported by one of Lovat's spies.

Inverness, 6 April 1716.-An officer of Cadogan's had been captured and taken to Glengarry, whence he was dismissed after two days' detention. Glengarry affirmed it was not King George he feared, but King Townshend, King Stanhope, &c. Macdonald of Garway Moor, when summoned by a serjeant of Brodie to surrender, gathered 150 men by the fiery cross, with whom he retired, leaving only two old women. Col. Zoutland, who had been sent against Macdonald, set fire to the country and seized the cattle. Lochiel's house was occupied by Clayton with 750 men; Appin had surrendered. The Highland commoners were only in arms now through fear. Cadogan, whose wound was yet very troublesome, was proceeding to Glengarry by way of Loch Ness.

Letters of these days notice the surrender of Keppoch, Glengarry, and Lady Seaforth. Glengarry had actually intended to carry on the war, had he been joined by the other chiefs,-indeed a “ vast many of the clans were in arms.

Inverness, 19th April 1716.-The Highlanders were laying down their arms more frankly than Colonel Hope had expected, or the French Court had apprehended, for two ships had arrived at Skye with 1,500 arms, &c.; likely the rebels would escape to France by these. Cadogan despatched 300 men on board a man-of-war, and 700 foot of Clayton's regiment to march by land.

Haldane, of Gleneagles, writes from Glasgow, 1st Nov. 1714, that Rob Roy a few evenings before had appeared at the Cross of Crieff, drunk the Pretender's health, and departed unscathed, notwithstanding the presence in the town of a party of soldiers.

In another letter dated Gleneagles, 5th Febry. 1715, he writes that Rob Roy, at his last appearance at Crieff drank a health “ to those honest and brave felous cutt out “ the Gadger's ear.”

deal of noise arose in Edinburgh on account of a slight DUKE OF excitement at the Archers' meeting on the 13th. Sir Thos. Do

MOSTROSE. Dalziel called on the “Musick” to play “The King shall “ enjoy his own again,” which took the fancy of some ladies and Jacobites. General Whitman ordered an officer of Forfar's regiment to give them a “drubbing,” which was done“ very heartily.”

A letter from the Countess of Lauderdale (Edinburgh, 14th Janry. 1716), says that the Pretender had lost all his baggage; but the Laird of Gairntillie had presented him with his gold and silver, and Lady Panmure arranged his household affairs, so that Scoon House (where he was to live) was now well “mounted.” He was said to be "a tall “ lean blak man, loukes half dead alredy, very thine, long “ faced, and very ill cullored, and melancholy;" but the Jacobites declared him to be “the hansomest man in the “ world and the most metled; dos busenes to a wonder, and “ understands every thing without being told.”

There is a number of papers containing evidence on the authorship and dispersion of the libellous “Memoirs" reputed to be by Lockhart. They also contain extracts of the libellous passages.

John Law, the famous financier, writes from Paris, 29 Sep., 1712, stating that the Duke of Argyle, the Marquis of Annandale, and the Earl of Ilay had been pleased to give him their assurances that they would intercede with the King for his pardon, and asking the same favour of His Grace. He had written to the Duke of Roxburgh and to the Earl of Stair and hoped they would also do him the honour to appear for him.

M. A letter from Charles Mortland, dated Edinburgh, Novr. 8th 1715, states that all was quiet on his way from London to Newcastle, but that the latter place was so little so that he marched on to Morpeth. On the previous Sunday Carpenter had marched from Newcastle to meet the rebels at Barnard Castle on the night of the 7th.

Another letter dated Glasgow, Nov. 30, 1715, gives information that the militia in most parts had been dismissed, some being retained in Linlithgowshire, and a good many in Glasgow. Much excitement had been caused by Laurence's arrival at Stirling from Mar, and by the Countess of Murray's arrival on the 29th.

A third letter dated Glasgow], Decr. 9th, 1715, states that on Wednesday morning between 1 and 2 o'clock, Rob Roy had arrived with 100 men at Drunmon, marching through Buchanan to Craigrostin without attempting anything upon the garrison of Drummakill, and having done “ little at Drunmon, but proclaimed the pretender and tore " the gaudger's books." The trenches at Glasgow were nearly finished, and included the house of the Duke of Montrose there. Many of the west would qualify, now that they could do so without going to Edinburgh.

Sir Donald Mackdonald writes (21st Septr. 1714) to the Duke of Montrose and the Earl of Mar, complaining of his confinement in Edinburgh Castle without proper reason. He, as he avers, though a Chief of the Isles, had long lived under the Duke's eye in Glasgow, was holding no correspondence with any of his people in the Isles, and had taken a little estate of 4,0001. near Bo'ness, from whose Castle of Blair-when he had stayed there but three nights

he had been carried off prisoner by public order,

The Laird of Mackintosh writes from Fleet Prison where he was confined (20th Feb. 1716) of the desirability of banishing the prisoners for the sake of saving the Government from so many trials, and for the sake of the criminals' families, and that a petition was being prepared in the Fleet for the banishment of its prisoners.

In several letters of the year 1715, James Earl of Morton complains of the disaffected Justices and Custom Officers in Orkney as having formed an Association, and recommends new appointments.

Letters from John Earl of Mar, between the years 1706 and 1715.

Whitehall, March 16th, 1706.—Urges on the Duke of Montrose to act with the Lord Advocate in the seizure of an Aberdeen vessel whose master was Peter Forbes, and which, with a French passport, carried letters and persons between Scotland and France.

Whitehall, May 27th 1706.-This contains news of the victory at Ramillies, notice of which was to be given to the Council by the Advocate; the guns of Edinburgh Castle also to be fired. There is enclosed a printed sheet (published by authority) containing an account of the battle. [It was printed by Mr. Jones in the Savoy, 1706.]

Whitehall, July 4th, 1706.-Concerning the reduction of the forces at Blackness Castle.

Whitehall, July 9th, 1707.--This letter is altogether on the Equivalent, from which we give one characteristic Extract:-“ The Equivalent is at least gone from this, and

James Lindsay (Captain in Edinr. Castle) writes from Edin. S[eptembe]r 15, 1715, that on the Thursday previous between eleven and twelve at night, a party of rebels had come to the wall at the postern gate, and that the anchor to which the rope ladder was attached was being pulled up by three of the garrison, when Lindsay coming to see if the sentry were on duty, found out the stratagem, called the guard and fired at the party. The castle having been taken, five hundred men had been secured to enter the town, seize the bank, and proclaim the Pretender. The leader in the plot was shortly before an ensign of the Castle, Thomas Arthur, as was confessed by three “rogues” who were taken prisoners. Four of the outside party were taken.

A letter from the Earl of Loudoun, dated Whitehall, July 22nd [17071, displays the earnestness of Loudoun and the Government Officials to favour Scotch interests (regarding merchandise), and gives the report of a proposed meeting of armed men at Atholl's Highland Hunting, and of a plot to seize the Equivalent, which, however, he thinks sufficiently well guarded.

A letter from the Earl of Leven, dated at Edinr., 14 February 1717, gives a denial of the accusations laid against him by James Fraser, that Leven, after his Majesty's arrival in England, had corresponded with the Earl of Perth and had through Fraser received some medals from Bar-le-duc.

Letters from the Earl of Lauderdale.

A letter dated Hatton, Apr. 23rd, 1715, urges on His Grace to favour Mr. Montgomerie's proposed memorial to the Lords of the Treasury in favour of a copper coinage for Scotland, necessary for the traders and poor people, there having been none for twenty years.

Another letter dated Edinr., June 14, 1715, says that a


“ we have met with more trouble about it than any thing Only five months after the date of that letter, the Earl DUKE OE “ we were concern'd in a long while. I wish to God it were of Mar was in arms against the reigning Sovereign, and MONTROSE. “ over and that we were out of the affair.”

the following letter is a Commentary upon the previous July 22nd, 1707.-Thanks the Duke of Montrose for the one :“ paines" he took in the affair of the Equivalent.

From the Camp at Dunkeld, July 29th, 1707.-Circular letter from the Earl of Mar,

“27th September 1715. by the Queen's order, appointing the Duke of Montrose “Sir, and a few other lords to reside in Edinburgh, for the pur “ You have nou ane opportunitie in your hand of not pose of “stilling the tempest there, and of giving right only doing service to your king and countrie, but also * notions to people there of anything which concerns the “ a very remarkable one to yourself; I cannot doubt of “ publick."

your good wishes to your rightfull king, and your Whitehall, August 9th 1707.-The Merchants have had " opprest country, and I know the interest you have with their matters satisfactorily settled. Mar is glad that the “ my Lord Montrose's men, friends, and following ; and Equivalent has safely arrived.

“ now, in his absence, what can you doe better for the Writing from Whitehall, Augt. Ist 1714. Sunday night “ service of all then being instrumentall in getting them 12 o'clock. He says :-" This flying pacquet is sent to “ to joyn the King's forces when wee come into your “ Scotland with orders for proclaiming the King, and it “ neighbourhead, which I hope will be ere long : I have “ also carys a letter to yGrace acquenting you of y' being “ already sent ane order to most of them in his majestie's “ one of the Lord's Justices, of wch I wish yr Grace joie, “ name for this effect, but your hearty concurrence and “ and I hope we shall have the pleasur very quickly of “ joyning with them uill, I know, very much forward it, “ seeing you here. When you have done with this parte " and uill be doing what is expected of one of your name “ of Kingshipe, I conclud you will succeed me in the em " and familee. This is all I need trouble you with now “ ploiment I now hold, wch I assure y? Grace I very sin " for sure ther needs not many arguments to persuade any “ cearly wish you may, before any man of Scotland, as well “ belonging to or having interest in the familee of Montrose “ upon y' own account as that of our Country. I know " to joyn heartilie in that cause which has made the name yr Grace has full accounts from others of all that has " soe famous, and epeciallie nou when all that's dear to “ past here, so I need not give you the trouble of repeating “ mankind is joyned with it, and if lost at this tyme most “ it; allow me only to say that it is a great happiness all has “ be soe for ever. I am, “ been done here with so much unanimity and quietness.

“Sir, It will, I hope, make our Country follow the same ex

“ Your most obedient humble servant,
“ ample, and keep any from makeing disturbance. This

« is all I shall now trouble y Grace with, but to wish you “ To the Laird of Killearn."
“ a good and quick jurnie, and I am, with all truth and
“ respect, My Lord, y* Grace's most faithfull most obedient Walter McFarlane of Arrochar, or Macfarlane, a famous
“ and most humble servant. MAR.”

Scottish Antiquary in the middle of last century, in a letter
Whitehall, Octr. 1, 1714.-He requests the Duke of addressed to Mungo Græme of Gorthie, Chamberlain to the
Montrose to inform the King that he had received the letters Duke of Montrose, dated Glasgow, July 5, 1729, says :
of the Highland Chiefs with assurances of fidelity to the “ I think myself under no small obligations to you for the
King. They are impatient for an answer.

“ news you have been pleased to communicate unto me
Twickenham, Octr. 10, 1714.—The answer has been re “ from the Republic of Learning, particularly concerning
ceived and despatched to the Highlands.

“ the publication of Mr. Innes Criticall Essay on the
Whitehall, January 17, 1715.--This states at great length “ ancient inhabitants of Scotland, wherein you acquaint
the relationship of the Mars to the Government of Stirling “ me that he endeavours to substract upwards of 800
Castle, and argues against the ousting of Col. Erskine, « years from the commonly received Epocha of our
Deputy-governor of it, as being a loyal Whig. Mar re “ antiquities, and fix our settlement in Brittain no higher
quests this somewhat important letter to be read to the “ than the year 503, by which he takes away no less than
King, and to be “ booked" in the “ books of your office.” “ fourtie of our Kings, and he does all this, you say, in

We give a copy of the second letter on this matter :- “ order to elide the arguments us'd by our modern Re-
“ My Lord,

publicans drawn from instances of some of these Kings
“Having so lately verry fully (tho' ineffectually)

“ tryalls before the people. I must own that in the main “ represented to your Grace, to be laid before his Majesty,

“ his design is very good, but I could heartily wish there “ my right to the hereditary keeping and Government of

“ was some other method fallen of confuting these people “ Stirling Castle, with other things belonging to it, I do

“ than by detracting from the antiquity of our Royal Line ; " not now incline to give your Grace, and far less the

“ if it was treason and rebellion (as no doubt it was) in our “ King, much more trouble in that matter, upon his now

“ late Republicans to behead one of our modern Kings it "disposeing of my company there.

“ must be much more so in anybody who pretends to con“It has not been the way of my family to contest with

" fute them, to cut off no less than fourtie of our ancient " the Crown, as I told your Grace in my former letter.

“ Kinge : but least you should accuse me of being too hasty “ King James his useing my father in this way was then

“ in my censure before I've seen the book, I shall forbear " thought one of the greatest hardships he did in Scotland.

“ saying any more att present untill I have the pleasure « But as my father submitted to it, so do I now; and in

of perusing it alongst with you upon your return to the

“ Country. As for the other Curiosity you mention'd in
“ time when the King comes to be more throughly
“ acquainted with our Constitution, rights and privileges,

your letter, viz., Simon Lord Lovit's Memorial, together
“ he will be better able to judge of my right to it.

“ with the answer that will be made to it, I shall reckon “There's one thing I must beg leave to represent to your

“ myself infinitely obliged to you, if you can by any means “ Grace, that even in some of those times when we was

“ procure me a copy of each, both because the subject is most hardly used, and the deputy governour had the

“ very curious in itself, and will be extremely entertaining Company given him, tho' I was under age, so much of my

“ to all Lovers of Antiquity,” &c. “ right as the Sutlery in the garrison was still left me, and

In another letter, without address, but probably also to " to prevent any dispute I may have as to this now, I beg

the Laird of Gorthie, and dated at Edinburgh, 24th April " to know how the King intends that should now be.

1739, the Laird of Macfarlane writes :-“I have met with “As I beg'd your Grace to cause enter my former letter

“ none of your Clansmen of late worth your notice, save “ in the books of your office, which I hope you ordered

“ Johannes de Grahame, pater, dominus de Newlands in “ to be done, so I must beg the same favour as to this,

“ Tweeddale, who gives the patronage of the Church of " that tho' I show my submission to the King's pleasure,

“ Newlands to the Abbacy of Dunfermling, anno 1317, and " yet that my right may not be hurt. And this will pre

“ in the confirmation thereof by the Chapter of Glasgow, vent my entering a caveat in your office, which I believe

“ anno 1328, he is designed vir nobilis, but I've had no 66 I shall otherwise be necessitated to do.

" leisure to consider whether he, or his son rather mayn't “I hope your Grace will pardon me for this trouble, and

“ be that Johannes de Graham who married the Countess “ believe me to be, as I am, with all truth and respect,

“ of Menteith, which you may divert yourself with enquiring “My Lord,

“ into at your leisure.” “ Your Grace's most obedient, most faithful,

N. "and most humble servant,

In a letter dated Edinr., 11 Nov. 1707, David Earl

of Northesk notices that the troops were complaining “Whitehall, April 14th 1715.

heavily of not been duly paid. Yet although the Earl of Mar stated in that letter that In another letter dated Edinr., 11 Feb. 1716, he states it had not been the way of his family to contest with the that on his retreat from Dundee, the Pretender spent a Crown, his ways were soon changed, and he himself became night at Ethie, a seat of Lord Northesk. the leader of an insurrection against the Crown which has Lord Nairn writes from the Tower (Feb. 21, 1726) supmade his name memorable in the history of Scotland. plicating for banishment, and for a few days' release, to

66 MAR.


give his “ last blessing " to his daughters who had come from Scotland to see him.

The Letters from Sir David Nairne, Secretary of State, to the first Duke of Montrose form a bundle of more than sixty, which, written between March 1706 and Septemr. 1707, contain interesting communications on the chief

disenssion principally on the Union Treaty and on the affair of the merchants.

A letter dated Whitehall, 23 Oct. 1706, was sent to enclose a complimentary letter to the Duke of Montrose from Queen Anne. By direction of Her Majesty's officers of State, Sir David had frequenely laid before Her Majesty an account of the good services rendered by the Duke of Montrose in the interest of the Union.

In a letter dated Whitehall, 9 Nov. 1706, Sir David says the Union“ will be of infinit advantage to both “ Kingdoms, yet I must say, writing to your Lordship and “ not to an Englishman, I think Scotland gets the odds, “ for I look upon the nation undone without it.”

In a letter dated Whitehall, 13 March 1707, Sir David says: “I find great inclinations in all people here to “ gratify Scotland as much as possible.”

Å letter of the 29 March 1707, states that the Queen had appointed the first of May to be kept as a day of public thanksgiving for the Union, but had given no orders for Scotland, leaving it to the prudence of the Scotch to do soa politic stroke against the enemies of her cause.

Sir David for some time had written constantly to the Duke of Montrose of the dealings with the Scotch merchants, and in a letter, of date. 16 Aug. 1707, he says, with very evident sadness : “Indeed in all the affairs I have “ been concerned in I never met with any more discourage“ ing than that concerning the Merchants, for when we “ seem to agree to a tryfie, a humour of dissatisfaction “ appears," &c. Not till the 21st of August can Sir David write that he thinks the Merchants' affair was over by an agreement made on the 20th, and still in the last of the series of letters (11 Septr.) he mentions the Merchants as having only then finally agreed to the proposed methods for taking their goods.

Fortwilliam, 28th Novr. 1715.-Some boats were lurking DTEE OF near the current of Argour to harrass his posts, and MOSTEOSE Pollok had captured two of these, sinking a third. Lochiel's brother had returned to gather up the men who had deserted after the battle.

Fortwilliam, 11th Decr. 1715.-Mar had ordered Huntly, Seaforth, Lochiel, Glengarry, Clanronald, and Keppoch, to march north, and assemble their deserters within twentyfive miles of Fortwilliam and Inverness, on the braes of Badenoch. Sir Robert had been bringing limestone from a distance of 20 miles to heal a breach in the fort.

Fortwilliam, 28th Decr. 1715.-Pollok is much dis. satisfied with the garrison; he had to provide for it himself. The rebels were to march back to Perth.

Fortwilliam, 31st Decr. (1715].-Pollok sends out 100 men to harrass the enemy, a good number of whom they pursue in the lands of Huntly and Lochiel.

Fortwilliam, Jany. 4, 1716.-All the clans are in arms and marching, now that the Pretender had landed at Peterhead. Huntly, who was marching toward Forres, had halted and returned.

Fortwilliam, Jany. 21st, 1716.—Contains copy of an agreement between Lovat and Seaforth, that the latter should disperse his men and not serve against King George. The Earl of Sutherland, &c. had received bail of 5.0001. from the “Old Lady” Seaforth, that her house should not be garrisoned by rebels.

Fortwilliam, '19th Febry. 1716.- The Earls of Marsbal, Linlithgow, Southesk, Viscount Kilsyth, Lord Tynemouth (Berwick's son), and other Lowlanders, had lain on the night of the 18th at Lochiel's residence at Achinarick, 9 miles from Fortwilliam. The Pretender was expected back, having left 9 weeks' pay.

Fortwilliam, Ist March 1716.-—These noblemen abovementioned, with the Lairds of Bannockburn, Brisbane, &c., had retired to Skye and Uist; for dislodgment of whom Pollok proposes the old Revolution method, viz., of sending 600 men or so in small boats accompanied by a frigate, who might penetrate the lochs and force a surrender.

Fortwilliam, 18th March 1716.—Pollok had sent out a detachment against Macdonell of Keppoch, whose men had however retired, after showing signs of resistance. He thinks the only sufficient course would be not only to disarm all the country, but also to burn the houses and destroy the cattle.

Fortwilliam, 30th March 1716.-Glengarry, Keppoch, Clanronald, and Lochiel's men were gathering to Glengarry to meet Cadogan.

A letter of Mr. Robert Pringle, Secretary of State, dated Whitehall, Nov. 27, 1716, states that of the prisoners at Carlisle, all against whom there was evidence were to be tried, but that of those condemned not more than three would suffer, this choice being left to the Judges. One very likely to suffer was Urquhart (for whom, as we learn from other letters, so much pleading was made by his cousin, the Duke of Montrose).


Letters from Sir Robert Pollok, of that Ilk, Governor of Fortwilliam.

Fortwilliam, 17 June, 1715.-The officers here should have barracks built, as the soldiers were much incommoded, sixteen of them having to lie in one small room, bed above bed. One of the regiments was reported to be on the eve of marching out.

Fortwilliam, 14 July 1715.—The people in great expectation of a “Restoration.” Glengarry, Lochiel, Keppoch, &c., met ten days before at a place six iniles above the garrison, but without arms.

Fortwilliam, July 23, 1715.-Pollok is sending a man to Atholl's hunting, but is not suspicious of him. He encloses a letter from him, and also notes from spies at Appin and Inverness, giving account of the meetings of Highland Chiefs.

Fortwilliam, August 30th, 1715.-An attempt was made to capture Lords Drummond and Nairn, who lay in a wood with Sir Wm. Robison that night, and afterwards passed over to Badenoch. Lochiel and Glengarry had left home, where, indeed, like many other chiefs, they had not slept for two months.

Fortwilliam, 11th Septr. 1715.-Mar had ordered, in name of the Pretender, the Chiefs to be ready to march by the 15th, and so Glengarry, Clanronald, and Lochiel were raising their men. They were to march toward the Glasgow district. Nine companies of Hill's regiment had left Fortwilliam.

Fortwilliam, 24 Septr. 1715.—The Laird of Glengarry had marched this morning with 500 men from Invergarry, where he had surprised and carried off, as prisoners, Lieut. Lauder, one sergeant, and 15 men. Clanronald had captured at Tyreholm Castle (his own house) a sergeant and 12 men of this same (Lord Irwin's) regiment. Glencoe, Clanronald, Sir D. Macdonald were already on the march.

Fortwilliam, 28th Septr. 1715.-Clanronald and Lochiel were intending to attack this garrison, which was in bad condition, and defended only by 300 effectives, for whose covering the turf collected for firing the garrison had to be used. Rob Roy had marched to Mar's camp with Breadalbane's men, whither Appin and Glencoe were to march immediately.

Fortwilliam, 28th Octr. 1715.- Pollok is “mortified” at those “ungrate and unnatural ” rebels passing “under “ his nose," Maclean and Lochiel having gone by with their 500 men each, while he was quite unable to offend their country in the least during their absence.

R. Letters of John, Earl of Rothes.

In a letter from Stirling, Octr. 25 (1715], Lord Rothes states that, on the previous Sunday, Charles Cathcart had been despatched to Fife with 150 dragoons, and had, on the 24th, encountered and defeated at Dunfermline 200 foot and 100 horse, the horse under “Old Tom Graham,” and the foot posted in the Abbey. [Unsigned.]

In a letter dated Leslie, Decr. 21st, 1714, the Earl blames the Rev. Messrs. Hart and Linnen, for mischievous effects of letters sent by them to Scotland from London, and complains of Col. Erskine's letter, but thinks there are “ great folk” behind him. Rothes himself is badly spoken of, but he says “it is not a good shoe, it will goe “ down in the heel."

In a letter of 25th Decr. 1714, Rothes says he had been in Fife, and had found many, even of the Clergymen, in favour of addressing against the Union, but these were being quietly converted by Sir Peter Halkett. The Jacobites had been arguing rather fast, that to dissolve the Union was to overthrow the King ; and he hopes their projects are Mar'd, a piece of wit at the expense of the Earl of Mar.

A letter from Les[lie), June 9th, 1715, states that many people employed in the Public Revenue were people put in by the late Ministry, having nothing to recommend them but their disaffection to the Protestant Succession. The Addresses had started again, but were not much encouraged by the Presbyterians.

In a letter from Stirling, Septr. 9th, 1715, Rothes says he had gone thence from Fife. Argyle had sent men to spoil the fords of the Forth, and intended to dispute their passage. There was a very small army at Stirling.

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