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1624–5. Jan. 21. – Warrant to pay Burlamachi 611. 138. 4d. for the press of 100 men and their conduct
25,9321. 138. 6d. for three months' pay for the 6,000 foot from Somerset to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
men for assistance of the States of the United Provinces. 1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay John Pitt 261. 58.

1624-5, Jan. 21. – Warrant to pay John Hurley for the press of 65 men and their conduct from Buck-
921. 98. 8d. for the press of 150 men and their conductinghamshire to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
from Taunton to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624–5, Feb. 14.--Warrant to pay Jacob Preston and
1624-5, Jan. 21.- Warrant to pay John Evelyn 1,7001. Robert Herne 1491. 178. for the press of 333 men and
for gunpowder.

their conduct from Norfolk to Dover to serve under
1624–5, Jan. 24.—Warrant to pay Sir Dudley Digges, Mansfelt.
Sir Thomas Walsingham, and Sir Francis Barnham, 1624-5, Feb. 17.-Warrant to pay Thomas Coldecote
891. 38. 4d. for the press of 550 men and their conduct 1031. 6s. 8d. for the press of 200 men and their conduct
from divers parts of Kent to Dover to serve under from Leicester to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, Feb. 18.-Warrant to pay Burlamachi 1,5001.
1624-5, Jan. 31.-Warrant to pay Anthony Archer for the freight of ships to transport the soldiers lately
301. for the press of 200 men and their conduct from raised to serve under Mansfelt.
Ashford to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, Feb. 18.—Warrant to pay Sir Henry Glemham
1624-5, Jan. 31.- Warrant to pay Richard Brassey and Sir William Withipoll 751. 18. for the press of 209
321. 10s. for the press of 100 men and their conduct men and their conduct from Ipswich to Dover to serve
from Oxford to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

under Mansfelt.
1624-5, Jan. 31.—Warrant to pay Richard Lawraunce 1624-5, Feb. 18.---Warrant to pay Henry Hodges
and John Williams 441. 38. 4d. for the press of 106 men 611. 138. 4d. for the press of 100 men and their conduct
and their conduct from Cambridge to Dover to serve from Somerset to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
under Mansfelt.

1624-5, Feb. 19.- Warrant to pay Lewes Hobday 91.
1624-5, Jan. 31.- Warrant to pay William Seaman for the press of 50 men and their conduct from Warwick
411, 13s. 4d. for the press of 100 men and their conduct to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
from Salisbury to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, Feb. 21.-Warrant to pay Abel Carwardine
1624-5, Jan. 31. – Warrant to pay Martin Clerke and John Stratford 811. 58. for the press of 150 men and
621. 10s. for the press of 250 men and their conduct their conduct from Hereford to Dover to serve under
from Southwark to Dover to serve under Mansfelt. Mansfelt.

· 1624-5, Feb. 1.--Warrant to pay John Chaundler 1624-5, Feb. 23.--Warrant to pay George Hooker
421. 108. for the press of 100 men and their conduct from 4201. 158. for the charge of transporting the arms and
Cirencester to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

apparel provided for the 2,250 footmen to be delivered
1624-5, Feb. 1. - Warrant to pay Barnabie Coles at divers ports in Ireland.
391. 38. 4d. for the press of 100 men and their conduct 1624-5, Feb. 23.—Warrant to pay Christopher Merrett
from Salisbury to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

431. 158. 6d. for the press of 103 men and their conduct
1624-5, Feb. 10.-- Warrant to pay John Orwell from Cirencester to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
221. 188. 4d. for the press of 55 men and their conduct 1624-5, Feb. 25.-Warrant to pay John Peachie
from Cambridge to Dover to serve under Mansfelt. 381. 6s. 8d. for the press of 100 men and their conduct

1624–5, Feb. 10. -- Warrant to pay George Barrett from Huntington to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
771. 10s. for the press of 150 men and their conduct from 1624–5, Feb. 28.-Warrant to pay John Evelyn 1,7001.
Nottingham to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

for gunpowder.
1624-5, Feb. 10.- Warrant to pay Thomas Whitgreave 1624-5, March 5.–Warrant to pay John Mercer alias
521. 10s. for the press of 150 men and their conduct from Ayshe and Abraham Cooke 921. 10s. for the press of 150
Stafford to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

men and their conduct from Somerset to Dover to serve
1624-5, Feb. 10.-Warrant to pay Alexander Anguishe under Mansfelt.
451. for the press of 100 men and their conduct from 1624–5, March 5.—Warrant to pay Sir R. Morison,
Norwich to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

the Mayor of Portsmouth, and Wm. Towerson 1,2001.
1624–5, Feb. 10.—Warrant to pay George Sytwell for the repair and strengthening of the town of Ports-
331. 48. for the press of 150 men and their conduct from mouth.
Derby to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624–5, March 9.-Petition of creditors of the Mus-
1624-5, Feb. 10. -- Warrant to pay Thomas Powell covy Co., Edward Manninge and others : the order of
571, for the press of 100 men and their conduct from the 27th May 1624 has been neglected; pray for further
Monmouth to Dover.

consideration of their case.
1624-5, Feb. 10.-Warrant to pay Thomas Clements 1624-5, March 9.-Warrant to pay Joseph Daye,
171. 108. for the press of 60 men and their conduct from plumber, 1681. for 12 tons of lead “by him upon short
Henley to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

*6 warning cast into musket shot for furnishing Count
1624-5, Feb. 10.--Warrant to pay Thomas Chetwinde
251. for the press of 150 men and their conduct from . 1624–5, March 12.-Warrant to pay Thomas Russell
Stafford to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

721. 188. 4d. for press of 175 men and their conduct
1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay Thomas Carryer from Northampton to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.
221. 108. for the press of 50 men and their conduct from 16245, March 14.- Warrant to pay Richard
Rutland' to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

Dryhurst 61. 16s. 8d. for the press of 60 men and
1624–5. Feb. 12.--Warrant to pay John Barker, John their conduct from Denbigh to Dover to serve under
Southby, Richard Dewe, and William Cooper, 701. for

the press of 200 men and their conduct from Berkshire 1924–5, March 15.-Commission for the prorogation
to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

of Parliament. See note in L. J., II. 426, where this
1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay Humfrey Parker

prorogation is mentioned as entered in the “Minute and others 861. 58. for the press of 300 men and their

Book," but not in the “Engrossed Journal Book.” conduct from Hertford to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

(Seal). 1624-5, Feb. 12.- Warrant to pay Symon Leach,

1624-5, March 16.--Warrant to pay John Edwards, Henry Batteshall, and Joseph Trowbridge, 2011. 138.4d.

pike maker, Matthew Banckes, carpenter, and Peter

Oram, cooper, 571. for musket rests, musket chests, and for the press of 300 men and their conduct from Devon

casks for musket shot. shire to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, March 16,--Warrant to pay John Stowe 1624-5, Feb. 12.- Warrant to pay Robert Brisco

171. 178. for the press of 63 men and their conduct from 451. 138. 8d. for the press of 107 men and their conduct

the press of 107 men and their conduct Sussex to Dover to serve under Mansfelt. from Gloucester to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, March 24.-Warrant to pay Maurice Long, 1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant ta pay John Man 2441. 148. gent., 211. 9s. for the press of 33 footmen and their confor the press of 950 men and their conduct from Essex duct from York to Dover to serve under Count Mansto Dover to serve under Mansfelt. '

1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay Dennis Wyse 181. for the press of 40 men and their conduct from Gloucester to Dover to serve under Mansfelt.

1624-5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay John Spalding and

Christopher Smeare 891. 178. for the press of 217 men T hese consist of Letters, Household Books, and early
and their conduct from Suffolk to Dover to serve under deeds.

The letters are parts of the correspondence of the
1624–5, Feb. 12.-Warrant to pay John Sanderson Cliffords, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Earls of Cumberland,
671. 188. 4d. for the press of 175 men and their conduct and relate to public, county, and private matters.
from Northampton to Dover to serve under Mansfelt. . Among them are some by King James I., King Charles

1624-5, Feb. 12. - Warrant to pay John Kenrott I., E. Wotton, John Beaulieu (some of whose letters

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are in Winwood's State Papers), Toby Matthews, Arch bishop of York, Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset, Geo. Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, Sir Robert Naunton, and Sir Jno. Finett. They give notices of the Borders, a curious talk with James I. on the Spanish Match, sea fights between the Dutch and the French, the Duke of Monmouth, &c.

The deeds of special interest are early charters to Bolton Abbey and Fountains Abbey.

The Household books are numerous, and a selection of extracts from them would be very interesting.

Subjoined are notes of all the letters of interest; and brief notes of the deeds and the dates of the household books.

LETTERS. 1551, July. Two letters from the Earl of Cumber. land, at Skipton Castle, to John Holmes, Secretary to the Earl of Warwick (given under his signet).

1551, December. The same to John Holmes, Secre. tary to the Duke of Northumberland. 1554, Oct. 17, Skipton. The same to the same.

me Holmes having requested to be a burgess of the Parlia. ment, the Earl upon receipt of the writ “ devised a “ place for him either amongst the burgesses of Borow. “ bridge or Knaresboro, like as thone of the same ye " shall be returned accordingly, trusting verily you woll “ shew your self as all (?) catholique as conformable to " the Kings and Queens Majesty's pleasure and their “ godly reformation."

1555, March 16. John Potter (at London) to John Holmes (at Doncaster).--Asks him to get in some money that was lent out at twelve per cent. “I pray God send “ it well in agayn; for here is in London many mer

for here is in London many mer. “ chants bankerowts; as I lerne my awntt will not trust “ no more eny merchants. I am afrayd she woll mary “ agayn; gret sewts is made to her, and a letter came " from the master of the quen's horses in favor of a “ frend of his. She says she woll not mary no more, “ but woll bestowe all that she leveth upon us her “frendes. I pray God it prove trew, for I feare (she] "woll prove a woman and no saint."

(1555), 2nd & 3rd year, March 8. Greenwich.-Copy of Royal Order to the Earl, to muster servants, tenants, and others under him to repress any sudden tumult, stir, or rebellion, &c.

1556, Aug. 15. The Earl of Cumberland to John Holmes.-Has received a privy seal for loan of money to the Queen, but not having the thing, he is forced to attempt to borrow it of friends: money is scarce to come by; where some time he could have borrowed 1001. or 2001., now he cannot borrow 201.

1558, July 10. Draft of letter by the Earl of Cum berland to the (Earl of Westmoreland) Lord Lieute. nant.—Hears from him that the Queen has appointed him (Cumberland) Captain of Horsemen of the Army Royal in case of foreign invasion.-Thanks.

Drafts of other letters on the same subject; and to the Bishop of Ely and the Master of the Rolls.

1559, Feb. M— to the Earl of Cumberland, from Newcastle. Draft of a long letter; inter alia, he goes to some one whom he calls my Lord's Grace (it was the Duke of Norfolk): mentions Sir Ralph Sadler. Has practised with his very friend and old acquaintance Mr. Bennet, the master of the armory, for certain corslets and pikes; corslets 30s. a piece, pikes 28. the piece. There is not one pair of gauntlets to be had for friendship or money :-if he requires hagbuts, curryers, bylles, or other habiliments, he can have them, hagbut 8s.; curryer 16s. 8d.; bill 168.; sends a curryer by the bearer. Asks that venison may be sent with all speed he can, “ for my “ Lord's Grace and Sir Ralph Sadler said both to me that ..... cold at no time come out of the “ season: tho' it were very lean, as there is non fatt of " their own confession.” Asks to send his Grace four pasties, Mr. Sadler two, Mr. Leke two, Sir Nicolas Strange his Grace's Chamberlain one, Mr. Fulmerston one, his Grace's Controller and his Almoner one, and his Secretary one; they have right well deserved to be remembered.

1559, January.-Instructions for my servant John Shuttleworth touching his repair to my Lord Lieutenant the Duke of Norfolk his Grace. 11 items, 2 pp. To defend his conduct to the Duke in the matter of one Fraunce May (on whose account, as it appears from another draft, he and his brother had been imprisoned). A bill of complaint had been exhibited against the writer in Queen Mary's time to ruin him.

1559, Feb. Copy of the Duke of Norfolk's letter to the Earl of Cumberland about the matter, assuring him of his good will.

1559, Feb. 12. Copy of the Duke of Norfolk's letter

to the Earl of Shrewsbury.-Frauncis May liad escaped from Skipton Castle. John Man exhibited a bill of complaint to Queen Mary's Privy Council, the body whereof seemed to touch the Earl of Cumberland, Thomas Clifford, his base brother, and their servants. Sends the body of Frauncis May; answers to interrogatories and copy of the bill. Asks him to make inquiries, receive depositions, and return the body of Frauncis May, and an account of the Earl of Cumberland's costs, so that he may take order for punishment.

Interrogatories to John Henryson, gailor (1 p.). It seems that May was imprisoned in Skipton Castle, for hunting by night in Skipton Park, and escaped. \ |(1550). "Draft of a letter without date. The Earl of Cumberland (?) to Lord Has received his Lordship's request for 601. towards release and payment of the Lord Gray of Wilton's ransom: he will pay it, but being largely indebted to the Queen, and also charged by the Lord Treasurer with payment of the subsidy due to Her Highness, he must pay 301. at Pentecost and 301. at Michaelmas.*

Temp. Elizabeth.-A lycens verie necessarie to be procured from Her Majesty for the reformation of abuse and discommoditie used both to the subject and commonwealth ;-to do away with search by the officers at Blackwell Hall — by giving licenses to a particular person to search and seal all cloth mentioned in the Statutes 3rd and 5th of Edward VI. and 4th and 5th of Philip and Mary-showing the gain to Her Majesty of 2,0007. per annum. (1} p. of observations.)

(15 ). A letter addressed “To my brother, Mr. “ John Taylor at Mr. Watkinson's howse at the signe “ of The dog's head in the pott within Ludgate in “ London." (Domestic.)

1563, Nov. 8. (The Earl of) Winchester to the Earl of Cumberland.-Notifies the sending the Lord Treasurer's and his letter for Cumberland's payment of subsidy to the Queen “given and granted by your Lord“ ship and us all for the relief of her Grace's great “ charges”: bids him send it ; otherwise he will be constrained, and that will not be honourable to him. Advises him to pay it, and defend himself from that.

(1588), Malborowe, 29 Oct. Geo. (Earl of) Cumberland to Fr. Walsingham.-Sir, being at Plymouthe to water, I harde of a hulcke beten in by foule wether by Hope, a towne 18 mile from thence; she was one of the Spanyshe flyte ; and it was reported the Ducke was in hir and greate store of treasure; wherefore I ridde thether with Mr. Cary and Mr. Harris, whoe then were with me, to knowe the truthe of it; where we found no suche thynge as was reported of the Duke, but a shippe suche and soe furnished, as by examination taken by hus and sente herewith you may perseve. Mr. Cary stayeth at the place to kepe hir from spolynge of the cuntry men, till he here your further derection : thus much the have intreted me to macke knowne to you, and thus in haste I committe you to God.

1595, Jan. 15. Geo. (Earl of) Cumberland to the Lord High Admiral and Sir Robert Cecil.-Mr. Strickland wants to go with him to Leir : asks for leave.

1596, April 28. London. Geo. (Earl of) Cumberland to the Lord Treasurer.-News that Mr. Midleton, a stranger to bim, married his cosen german lately dead; asks for the wardship of the infant son and heir.

1596, July 28. Budley. George (Earl of) Cumberland to the Lord Treasurer.-Asks for a grant of the wardship of his cosen german.

1596, Nov. 28. The same to the same.-About a suit by Michaell Doughtie for tithes.

(1596, Feb. 2, indorsed). The same to the same.-I perceive by your Lo. speech at the consultation yeasterday what is Her Majesty desiereth to have this yeare donne agaynst the Spanyards by seae. I have consithered wbich way best (to Hir Hig[hnesses) likyng) it may be effected; and fyndying in my concete good lycklyhood to performe it boothe for Her Majesty's safty and profitt, I much desier to make your Lo. aquanted with my opinion. Asks for an appointment to state it.

There are two other letters from the same to the same in 1594 ; one is about a suit and the other on business.

(1597, April 26, indorsed). The same to the same.-Asks him to bestow the Isle of Wight to such as were resident.

(1597, Feb. 20). George (Earl of) Cumberland to the Lord Treasurer.-Upon a letter from Her Majesty commandyng me to repare with my flete to the rode of Calles and to bryng with me all such shippes as I should finde

* This appeal to his friends for aid to pay his ransom is not noticed in the Life of Lord Grey of Wilton, printed for the Camden Society.



fitt to dooe hir service ther, I commanded too shipps in “ the Court with mariages and masquerades I leave to
the harbor of Porchmouth and three at the bones good " the report of honest and wise Mr. John Taylor.”
shippes and laden with nine companyes of soulgers out

of Fraunce to returne with me. Sir Ho. Poure, ther 1613, Aug. Paris. J. Beaulieu to Lord Clifford
coronell, writte me word that before ther commyng from

(in French).—Has just heard that Lord Bruce has left
the Downes the Spanyards aryvall at Calles was knowne, here secretly to fight in the Low Countries with Mr.
yet they were suffered to procede; so douting least I

Sackville, according to arrangement.

Sackville according should doo amisse I have stayed them to remayne where

1613, Feb. 21. Whitehall. T. Suffolk to the Earl of they be till further direction com for them, which I pray

Cumberland. He has joined his son with the Earl of your Lordship may be sent, for that they depend upon

Cumberland in the commission for the Northern shires ;

Cumberland in the
it. . . . Myselfe am now good nige toward Dover, it is necessary for him to have some power, considering
where if Her Majesty have any thing to command me how many wilful obstinate fellows dwell in his land, and
I will be redy to obey it.

are his tenants.
(16 ..). Ro. (Carr, Earl of) Rochester to Lord Clif 1614, Dec. 16. Whitehall. E. Wotton to Lord
ford. The King will by no meanes dispense with your Clifford.--Your letter brought me by your servant
running at tilt; and for my payrt, if I might advyse almost made me fall into one of the seven deadly sinnes,
you respecting the state of your father's bussinesse, I I mean that of Pryde, finding myself to enjoy so great
would by no means have you excuse yourself; for that a portion of your favour. . . . Refers to Mr. Tailor
I am sure would better please your enemies. So pro- for news.
mising to your Lordship all rediness in me to value to 1615, July 20. Whitehall. R. Somerset to the Earl
His Majesty your cair to do him honor and servise to of Cumberland.-Asking favour for John Storey, who
this mariage, I rest, &c. &c.'

killed Robert Storey (he says in his own defence).*
(16 ). Draft of a letter by (Lord Clifford ?) to ..... 1615, August. Names of the Guilty and Not Guilty
... Encloses two calendars of the gaoles, with the at the gaol delivery at Carlisle, before Sir Edward
names of the offenders and their punishments. When Bromley and Augustus Nicholls.-Among the punish.
he arrived at Newcastle, he found that three of the most ments are hanging and the peine forte et dure.
notorious prisoners had escaped. .... the gaol was 1615, Sept. 29. Copy of the Earl of Cumberland's
so weak and noisome. he wonders they all had not the letter to the Middle Shires, regarding His Majesty's
like liberty in death, since there had died in that place letter about raising money by privy seals.
one other poor creature since the last assizes .... 1615, Nov. 10. John Tailor to the Earl of Cumber-
The contagion lasts ; two died being brought to the bar, land.-Yesternight Lord Dorset and his lady returned
and others there and at Carlisle fell down speechless hither from the funeral of his grandmother. . . . .
before us while they were at trial. Asks him to get the Sir Thomas Wentworth is heare, well, God be thanked ;
King to give 1001. out of the forfeited recognizances to he was yesterday at the arrainment of Mrs. Turner, and
charitable uses. He has reprieved one of the utterers this day at the censuring of Sir John Hollis, Sir P.
of false coins, because he discovered the coyner; hopes Wentworth, and Mr. Lumsden in the Star Chamber :
he is apprehended. The coins were very well executed. he promised to write to you and Lord Clifford, but when
The disorder in that country caused by want; numbers I went for the letter he excused hiniself, being sleepy
die of hunger. Tindale and Ridesdale men appear at and weary these two days for want of rest.-Alludes to
the bar well clothed and well liking, which he accounts contrariety of opinions as to what may become of Lord
the worst sign; as they work but little, and so steal the Somerset.
more, and with more cunning than other thieves .... 1615, Dec. 27. Tobias Ebor. (Toby Matthews, Arch-
Sir John Fenwick grows every day weak. Has spoken bishop of York,) to the Earl of Cumberland, at Skipton
to the Bishop of Carlisle about catechising ..., is

Castle.—About some land business.
going to beg some land of his father to erect two chapels 1615, Jan. 9. Paris. J. Beaulieu to Lord Clifford
of ease. (2 pp.)

(in French).—The Ambassador has lately had great
The causes of disorders and abuses within the county

dispute with the Queen, by reason of the King of
of Northumberland and the Midilshires.

England being offended with the Governor of Dieppe
Papers about recusants.

for having seized an English merchant ship in reprisal
Sir Dudley Digges's speech, beginning “There are for a Spanish ship detained in England. She has made
“ so many things of great importance.”

the Governor come here to give satisfaction to Her (16..). R. (Cecil, Earl of) Salisbury to his son-in

Majesty, having sent by decree of her Council a dis. law.-Advice to him while travelling :-to avoid oc

charge of the merchandize, and desiring, I hear, that
casion of heat by violent exercise . . . . . . as

the Governor shall ask the King's pardon before the
his complexion is choleric, wine is to be moderately Ambassador for the offence committed.

- 28 Jan.
(16..). E.Wotton to Lord Clifford.—Condoles with

1615, Tan The same to the same.-Foreign
him on a loss sustained; gives comfort; advises him news.
and his father to be moderate in their expenses.

Letters by Sir Wm. Hutton to the Earl of Cumber-
(16..). Draft letter by


land on county business and musters.
“ I have shewn the King the letter you lately wrote to 1616, June 12. Copy of letter by F. C. (Francis
“ John Taylor.” The King has written to the Lords Clifford) to the Lords of the Council, about the disputes
of the Council to examine the business concerning

for the possession of Brougham Castle and Appleby
Tom of the Bagly head, to whom I have answered be Castle.
fore them, and in the presence of my Lord William 1617, May 17. Tobias Ebor. (Toby Matthews), at
Howard, that I had seen a letter touching the letting Pocklington, to the Earl of Cumberland.-Would like
louse of the said outlaw by my Lady Howard, &c. to hear from the Earl “in what solemnity His Majesty

(16..), Sept. 26. Whitehali. T. Suffolk to Lord and departed from Berwick hither, and whether our
Lady Clifford.-Congratulating them on birth of their “ English officers relinquished their places (as is here
first child.

“ reported) to the Nobles and Gentles of North Britain,
(16..), Feb, 4. Dublin. Ossory to his “dearest “ and whether the Queen's Highness's fearful dream
“ brother.”—The King by letters patent has appointed “ signified to his Majesty (for so runneth the rumour
their commission as Lords Justices to be renewed. .. “ here) be like to shorten the progress, and chiefly
Irish politics.

“ whether his resolution be constant and permanent of
(16..). K[atherine] Salisbury to Lord Clifford. holding her course set down in the Gieste heretofore
Denies some imputation “ of mulcting my Lord of any “ designed."
“ happiness he could enjoy."

1617, June 6. Thomas Riddell, the Mayor, and five
1601, March 8. John Tailor to Wm. Ingilby.-About Aldermen, of Newcastle, to the Earl of Cumberland.-
Lord Clifford and the Merchant Adventurers' suit. Sending him 20 Newcastle chalders of coles for his pro-

1608, July 30. Council letter to the Earls of Cum- vision, and asking him to accept them.
berland and Doumbar, his Majesty's Lieutenants of the Copies of letters from the Earl to his son.
counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, and West. 1616, July 2. Toby Matthews to the Earl.-On
moreland :—for preliminaries for musters in the border business.
counties, heretofore under peculiar rules.

(16..). Sir William Hutton to Mr. Taylor.-Wm.
1611, Jan. 13. London. Francis (Earl of) Cumber. King and Anthonie Foster, two of the principal mur.
land to his son Lord Clifford (at Paris).-Domestic. derers of William Bell, of whose murder Sir Wilfrid
And another of the same kind.

Lawson and he certified the Earl, are taken in Scotland,
1613, Nov. 29. Whitehall. E. Wotton to Lord
Clifford. Begins “My noble Spaniard.” After assur-
ances of remembrance, the writer says “The state of * It seems from another letter that Storey fled to London.

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in a hole under the earth by the Scottish garrison, and world prate their pleasure, it will be a match in dispyte
carried to Jedburgh.-Lady Haward had petitioned for of all the devils in Hell. Nay, by my sall (said my Lord
them, but they were to be tried in Scotland.

of Po* , then by), your Majesty need not fear that
1617. Dec. Conies of Conncil letters about escape the Devil will hinder it, for he hath reason to be a
of prisoners.

special friend to it. Whatsoever succeed, God bless the 1617, Dec. 26. Sir Wm. Hutton, about the same Prince with a return as sound home as he went out. matter ; (Tom of Baylifhead). .

My Lord of Rutland, our General (with whom the King 1617, Dec. 28. Whitehalí. G. (Villiers, Duke of) sends me by sea to post to Madrid, at our arrival with Buckingham to Lord Clifford.—The King is satisfied the news of the ships readiness for their imbarking), with Sir W. Hutton's conduct in the business referred appeared in all his bravery yesterday at Court, and to. He need not fear the greatness of any man that took his leave of his Majesty, and there we received may oppose him.

his charge to embark speedily; but we of the ignorant
1618. Several letters from Sir W. Hutton on sessions world can not discerne cui bono as long as we heare not
matters, prisoners, &c.

one word of the mariag how near towards.
1618, April 21. Whitehall. (Sir) Robert Naunton 1623, June 26. Secretary Calvert to the Earl.-
to Lord Clifford.—Notices of gaol delivery at Carlisle. A letter complimentary, introducing his son, who is
. . . . . His Majesty thinks the proclamation was visiting the North.
not sufficiently published and made known to the county 1623, Nov. 29. Council letter to the Lord Lieutenant
in due time.

of the counties of Cumberland, Northumberland, and
1618, April 22. Whitehall. G. Buckingham to Lord Westmoreland.--About musters.
Clifford. For the business whereof Lord Clifford had 1624, Nov. 19. King James I. to the Earl of Cum-
written, Buckingham refers to Sir Robert Naunton's” berland and others, Lords Lieutenants, &c.-About
letter. . . . Compliments.

1618, April 25. Ross Castle. Robert Carliol. (Robert 1624, Nov. 24. Council letter to the same.-Muster
Snowdon, Bishop of Carlisle) to Lord Clifford.--The of trained bands.
King has advanced Clifford to the highest degree of 1624, Jan. 22. Thomas Howard to the Earl of Cum-
honour in the Middle Shires, and sent him (the Bishop) berland.-Sends the letters of the King and Council.
from his domestic service in his Majesty's Court not 1625, Aug. Copies of letter by the King and
only to guide the sterne of this diocese, but to bear a Council. --About musters and beacons..
part in the temporal affairs of these Northern provinces. 1625, Sept. 10. Cumberland to the Lords of the
. . . . Hopes they may act in unison.

Council. - About defensive operations. . . . . The
1618. Letters from Sir W. Hutton and Wm. Mus- plague is dangerously dispersed in Newcastle; the
grave to Lord Clifford, the Ld. Lieutenant, on Middle Mayor's own house being infected.
Shires business. In one the writer mentions “ watches 1625, Sept. 17. “Charles R.” to the Earl of Cumber-
" and slew-doggs.”

land and the other Lords Lieutenant.--Privy seal to
1618, Jan. 29. Sir R. Naunton to Henry Lord get them to borrow money, and make a book of the
Clifford.--The King wants accounts of the affairs of the lenders.
Middle Marches.

1625, Oct. 2. Copy of Council letter to the Lords
1619, May 5. Copy of Secretary G. Calvert's letter Lieutenants for discovering of Popish recusants.
written by His Majesty's order to the Lord Chancellor, 1625, Oct. 8. Copy of letter signed by 12 of the
about the tenants of Westmoreland. (Disputes between principal gentry, excusing themselves from lending to
the Earls of Cumberland and Dorset).

the King.
1619, Dec. 28 and Jan. 12. Letters from Sir G. 1625, Oct. 8. Copy of Council letter to Lord Clifford,
Moorray (at Edinburgh); Jan. 13, A. Carre (at Jed- Lord Lieutenant.- Acknowledging his letter of 10th
burgh), and 1620, Feb. 25, the Earl of Mar (at Holyrood (Sept.). Whereas the town of Newcastle is ill fortified
House), to Lord Clifford. Not of importance:

and afflicted with the infection, they now give order by
1621, Dec. 16. Copy of Address by the House of letter from the Board to the Mayor and Alderman for
Commons to the King, asking for prorogation. (1 p.) the redress of both.

1623, March 31. (The Earl of ) Buccleuch (at Crich- 1625, Oct. 8. Copy of letter by William Selby and
toune) to Lord Clyfford.-In a P.S. he asks that some 11 others to the Earl of Cumberland and Lord Clifford,
Scotsmen in gaol at Carlisle may be sent to Jedburgh two of the Lords Lieutenant,-in answer to letters
for trial, where he will not be sparing of them.

received about providing arms and fortifying the sea
1623, May 26. - John Finett (?) to Lord Clifford. coast.
. . . . . ., Every nation stands at gaze (lyke 1625, Oct. 13. Copy of the Lords letter to the Privy
deer upon the clash of a cross-bow), wondering what Council.--About fortifications and privy seals.
will be the end of the Spanish busyness. France re. 1625, Oct. 24. Cockermouth. Wilfrid Lawson, Wil-
solveth now to maintain her inward peace, and threat. liam Musgrave, Robert Fletcher, and Patricius Cur-
eneth attempts abroad. She hath sent 200,000 crowns wen to the Earl of Cumberland and Lord Clifford,
to the States towards payment of their army, promiseth Lords Lieutenant.-Excuse for not lending on privy
as much more in July, and supplies manifold. The seal, but if the excuse be not allowed, then only those
forces left in Hibernis, in Languedoc, and that way, are in the list (which accompanies, with the sums proposed)
drawing near Lions for the service of the Valtelina, but can give. The country is poor, and the subsidy is then
whyle the Spaniard seems content and desirous to make collecting. Will proceed with the disarming of Papists
the Pope the depositary of the places there, that he may according to his letter of the 22nd. (In the list are 20
(say the Venetians) save the charge of his intertayn. names whose united subscriptions amount to 3201.)
ments in the interim, and reassume all at his pleasure, 1625, Oct. 28. Copy of letter by the Mayor and
the French King seems to lend them his belief; yet Aldermen of Newcastle to Lord Conway.-They refer
(for a month or two) that they may meane earnest; but to Buckingham's letter warning them against the
if by that tyme they make no avoydance and cession, Dunkirk fleet. Have received reports that eleven
he vowes to proceed with his army joyned to the Dunkirk great ships are near Scarboro', which had made
answerable number of the Venetians and the Duke spoil of 70 Holland busses and chased all the rest, and
of Savoy, and then God knows what will follow.-The that there were 8 Holland men of war, two whereof they
Hollanders, having had the French King's money, are sunk and the rest they forced to fly; they sent 140 poor
preparing to do something ; four days since they had a fishermen in an English ship to this port. They relieved
grave fast, which they seldom do except before or after them and hired a ship for 201. to carry them to Encu-
some great action. In the mean time you have heard san, their countrie. Are glad to hear there are about
how bold they have been in Scotland with our King's Yarmouth Roads 13 Holland men of war, and prepara-
protection; little less they have done at the Isle of tion made in Holland to pursue the Dankirkers.
Wight, by slipping away in the night with a rich prize 1625, Oct. 30. Thomas Lyddell, the Mayor, and six
(one of their own countrymen turned pirate), which, Aldermen of Newcastle, to the Earl of Cumberland and
beaten by them at sea, and flying to the shelter of a Lord Clifford, Lords Lieutenant.--In obedience to the
castle there, was notwithstanding reprized (as I sayd) letter of the 21st, they have searched for Popish
with little regard to the captain of the fort, who had recusants. There are only 30 men and women in the
already agreed with the other that the ship should rest town, and they are of poor condition and have no arms;
there till answer came from London how his Majesty all the better sort have removed.
and the States' Ambassador should determine of the 1625, Oct. Thomas Lyddell, Mayor of Newcastle,
business.--The Duke of Brunswick in Saxony-Of to the same.-Sends a list of persons to lend on the
Spain no news; no letters thence these 16 days past; the privy seals. 18 persons = 3001.; he offers 201.
first that come are like perhaps to speak of the con-
summation of the marriage. - The King said (as we
talk) upon the receipt of his last letters, Now let the

• The paper is torn bere.



1625, Oct. 31. Copy of Council letter to the Lord Lieutenant.-For disarming Papists, except nobility and peers, whom his Majesty deals with. * 1625, Nov. 17 or 18. Draft and copy of letter by the Lords Lieutenants to the Lords of the Council, in answer to theirs of Oct. 2, about disarming the Papists in the Middle Marches, and stating the weakness of Tynmouth Castle.

1625. Draft of letter by the Earl of Cumberland to the Lords of the Council.--Acknowledging their letter of Nov. 30, and complaining of want of powder and bullets, and bad state of arms.

1625. Letter of Ralph Delaval and John Fenwick, about musters and disarming of Papists.

1625, Dec. 4. Council letter (signed by Coventry and others) to the Lords Lieutenant, acknowledging their letter of (Nov.) 18th, and sending copy of Council Order for repair and fortification of Tynmouth Castle.

1625, Dec. 14. Copy of Council Order for fortification of Tynmouth Castle.--One Cramfield, an engineer, then at Harwich, is to be employed.

1625, Dec. 23. Council letter (signed by J. Ley and others) to Lord Clifford.—About Lord Eurie (Eure 2) and the taking of arms found in his house at Malton,

1625, Dec. 31. Council letter (signed by Coventry, J. Ley, and others) to the Lords Lieutenant . .. about musters .... to enforce the proper rating of manors, mansions, and lands for the Horse and Foot.

1625, Jan. 20. Copy of Lord Clifford's letter to the Lords of the Council, about his supposed remissness in the matter of the privy seals.

1625, Jan. 29. Whitehall. Reply of E. Conway to the above, absolving Lord Clifford.

1627, Aug. 17. Patricius Curwen and seven others to .... about levying 100 soldiers in Cumberland for the wars, in obedience to the King's letters.

1627, Aug. 20. R. Dunelm (Richard Neyle, Bishop of Durham) at Durham Castle, to Henry Lord Clifford. Sends letter from the Lords of the Council of Scotland which he has just received from the Mayor and Alder. men of Newcastle. He has the train bands in readiness. (Fine seal).

1627, Aug. 22. Melros (at Edinborough) to Lord .. Alarm by reason of 12 or 15 Spanish or Dunkirk war ships on the coast . .. . Some Holland busses put in for fear.-P.S. 23 August. Four of the Dunkirkers have been sunk by the Hollanders.

1627, Aug. 26. Robert Jackson, Mayor of Berwick, and two other persons, to Lord ..... They have received letters from the Earl of Melros that the waughters of the States had sunk four Dunkirkers; but since, the Earl has been truly certified a waughter has reported to Capt. Murray, commander of one of his Majesty's ships, that he and other four waughters had been in fight with 14 Dunkirkers, that three waughters were sunk and the other two forced to fly. The Dunkirkers are reported to be still on the coast.

1627, Aug. 30. The Earl of Cumberland to the Mayor of Newcastle.—About the bad news.

1627, Aug. 30. The Earl to Mr. John Selby.--About the defence of the country.

1627, Sept. 24. Council letter to Lord Clifford.— About the Dunkirkers; and those in Northumberland who refused Prest money.

1627, Jan. 10. Council letter (and copy) to the Lords Lieutenant of the three counties.-About musters.

1627. Feb. 15. Morpeth. John Delaval, Wm. Mus. champ, and Wm. Carnaby to Ld. Clifford.—They personally will, but the inhabitants generally object to their county being brought under the same rule as other counties (for providing arms and troops).

1627, March 13. Council Letter to the Lords Lieu. tenant.-Complaint about the defective state of the troops upon musters.

1628, May 25. Council letter to the Lords Lieu. tenant; postponing the proposed rendezvous at York on the 11th of June.

1628, May 31. Councilletter to the Lords Lieutenant. -Special instructions for musters, beacons, &c.

1629, June 19. “Charles R.” to the Earl of Cum berland and the other Lords Lieutenant.-At the request of the King of Sweden, he has given leave to the Marquis Hamilton and his officers to levy 6,000 men ; “ specially for the distressed case of our dear brother " and only sister."-Requires them to endeavour the accomplishment, and recommend it to their DeputyLieutenants,

1633, Dec. 9. C. or G. Wandesforde (at Dublin) to Lord (Clifford).* A long letter against the proposed

• Afterwards Earl of Cumberland. His daughter and heir married the Earl of Cork.

marriage of his daughter to the Earl of Cork, whom he DUKE'OJ

DEVOS describes as a plunderer.of Church property.

1634, Dec. 10. Geo. Radcliffe (at Dublin Castle) to Lord (Clifford).—About settlement of lands, ... rather disparaging the Earl of Cork.

1637, Oct. 2. Council letter to the Earl of Cumber. land, high sheriff of Westmoreland, about ship-money. (84 pp.)

1638, July 31. (The Earl of) Arundel and Surrey to the Earl of Cumberland. (Dated “from Alberrye, my Alpine celle.”)–His Majesty bath talked with me about making some necessaries for an army at Sheffield, as spades, pickaxes, carriages for field-pieces, and such like, where perhaps they may be cheaper, and save carriage from hence.- I think it not amiss if your Lordship by your example would invite the nobility and gentry of the North to set on with country smiths to make plain pieces and pistols, with rests for muskets, and such like; and tho' they be but homely work, they may stand in good steade : lead can not want, so near Derbyshire, and his Majesty is careful to send some good proporcion of powder to Hull shortly.

1638, Feb. 5. The Lord Admiral (Earl of Northumberland) to Lord Clifford.-About the army and the King and his coming to York.—The army of 30,000 is reduced to 6,000.

1638, March 18. The same to the same.- Army matters.

1639, April 13. Edinburgh. Copy of letter by (the Earl of) Rothes to Ensigne Willoughby.-Alludes to the intercepting by the English of letters from Scotland. Regrets that his (W's.) father has taken the King's side; says that the cause they maintain is the liberty of their religion, confirmed by the national oath, constitution of the national assemblies, the laws of the kingdom, and the liberties of their country.–Pleads the amity of the two kingdoms; alludes to the posts on the borders :-if troublesome, they (the Scots) will come over in greater force than expected.

1639, June 17. Earl of Arundel and Surrey (at the Camp) to Lord Clifford.--This evening things are so far agreed here as this night the Marquess Hamilton goes by land towards Edinborough to receive His Majesty's castell there for the King's use.—On Thursday the Scottish army breaks, and on Friday or Saturday ours will do soe also. The King commands me that the Yorkshire regiments with you goe home, and I shall tomorrow send many for them by my cosin Sir Francis Howard, and no forces are to be left there, but only Sir Frederick Willoughby, and the King is pleased that your Lordship should come hither, and to let my Lord of Niddesdale and the rest of the Scottish nation know that all is quiet; and to-morrow I shall send a dispatch from the Scottish Lords of the freeing the siege of the Tyene (Tyne). The Lord Barrimore's regiment is sent to be stayed.

1639, March 19. The same (at Arundel House) to the same.--I received yesternight your dispatch with that of the advertisement unto you of the desperate resolutions of the Scottish Covenanters which I acquainted his Majesty withall, who hath that care of this kingdom which becomes so good a King, and doth not so much trust their profession never to invade this kingdon as to leave so important frontiers to their curtesye. My Lord of Essex is coming swifter than I can. If your Lordship see him at Newcastle, I am sure your Lordship will use him as the King's General, and I hope to see you soon after him.-Recommends care about the horse," for his “ Majesty hath a principal care the Horse be good, " as the part of the army in which he reposeth most


1640, March 31. Council letter to the Lords Lien. tenants of Westmoreland.—The Earl of Northumberland, General of the Army, having appointed Lord Conway his deputy, you are prayed to assist him.

1640, Aug. 12. William Pennington and four other persons to Sir P. Musgrave and others, Deputy-Lieutenants.-Say that they have received no letter from Lord Conway, but Sir Charles Howard coming from him brings certainty of the Scotch being on English ground to-night:-intend to be ready with their trained bands at three hours warning.

1640, March 20. Council letter to Earl of Cumber. land.Reminding him that 401. of the subsidy is due from him.

1643, April 16. Moneys owing for the billett of Lt.Col. Lowinstone's companie and in John Holmes's squadron. (3 long pages.) It contains the names of the men and the persons on whom they were billetted, and the charge. From a note in the margin, half seems to be paid.

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