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W1TM in a hole under the earth by the Scottish garrison, and !bi»r.* carried to Jedburgh.—Lady Howard had petitioned for — them, but they were to be tried in Scotland.

1617, Dec. Copies of Council letters about escape of prisoners.

1617, Dec. 26. Sir Wm. Hutton, about the same matter; (Tom of Baylifhead).

1617, Dec. 28. Whitehall. G. (Villiers, Duke of) Buckingham to Lord Clifford.—Tho King is satisfied with Sir W. Hutton's conduct in the business referred to. He need not fear tho greatness of any man that may oppose him.

1618. Several letters from Sir W. Hutton on sessions matters, prisoners, Ac.

1618, April 21. Whitehall. (Sir) Kobert Naunton to Lord Clifford.—Notices of gaol delivery at Carlisle.

His Majesty thinks the proclamation was

not sufficiently published and made known to the county in due time.

1618, April 22. Whitehall. G. Buckingham to Lord Clifford.—For the business whereof Lord Clifford had written, Buckingham refers to Sir Robert Naunton's" letter. . . . Compliments.

1618, April 25. Boss Castle. Robert Carliol. (Robert Snowdon, Bishop of Carlisle) to Lord Clifford.—The King has advanced Clifford to tho highest degree of honour in the Middle Shires, and sent him (the Bishop) from his domestic service in his Majesty's Court not only to guide the sterne of this diocese, but to bear a part in the temporal affairs of these Northern provinces. . . . . Hopes they may act in unison.

1618. Letters from Sir W. Hutton and Wm. Musgrave to Lord Clifford, the Ld. Lieutenant, on Middle Shires business. In one the writer mentions "watches "and slew-doggs."

1618, Jan. 29. Sir R. Naunton to Henry Lord Clifford.—The King wants accounts of the affairs of the Middle Marches.

1619, May 5. Copy of Secretary G. Calvort's letter written by His Majesty's order to the Lord Chancellor, about the tenants of Westmoreland. (Disputes between the Earls of Cumberland and Dorset).

1619, Dec. 28 and Jan. 12. Letters from Sir G. Moorray (at Edinburgh); Jan. 13, A. Carre (at Jedburgh); and 1620, Feb. 25, the Earl of Mar (at Holyrood House), to Lord Clifford. Not of importance;

1621, Dec. 16. Copy of Address by the House of Commons to the King, asking for prorogation. (1 p.)

1623, March 31. (The Earl of) Buccleuch (at Crichtoune) to Lord Clyfford.—In a P.S. he asks that some Scotsmen in gaol at Carlisle may be sent to Jedburgh for trial, where he will not be sparing of them.

1623, May 26. John Finett (?) to Lord Clifford.—

, Every nation stands at gaze (lyke

deer upon tho clash of a cross-bow), wondering what will be the end of the Spanish busyness. France resolveth now to maintain her inward peace, and threateneth attempts abroad. She hath sent 200,000 crowns to the States towards payment of their army, promiseth as much more in July, and supplies manifold. The forces left in Hibernis, in Languedoc, and that way, are drawing near Lions for tho service of the Valtelina, but whyle the Spaniard seems content and desirous to make tho Pope tho depositary of the places there, that he may (say the Venetians) save the charge of his intertaynments in the interim, and reassume all at his pleasure, the French King seems to lend them his belief; yet (for a month or two) that they may meane earnest; but if by that tyme they make no avoydance and cession, he vowes to proceed with his army joyned to the answerable number of the Venetians and the Duke of Savoy, and then God knows what will follow.—The Hollanders, having had the French King's money, are preparing to do something; four days since they had a grave fast, which they seldom do except before or after some great action. In the mean time you have heard how bold they have been in Scotland with our King's protection; little less they have done at the Isle of Wight, by slipping away in the night with a rich'prize (one of their own countrymen turned pirate), which, beaten by them at sea, and flying to the shelter of a castle there, was notwithstanding reprized (as I sayd) with little regard to the captain of the fort, who had already agreed with the other that the ship should rest there till answer came from London how his Majesty and the States' Ambassador should determine of the business.—The Duke of Brunswick in Saxony.—Of Spain no news; no letters thence these 16 days past; the first that come are like perhaps to speak of the consummation of tho marriage.—The King said (as we talk) upon the receipt of his last letters, Now let the

world prate their pleasure, it will bo a match in dispyte Duke °*

of all the devils in Hell. Nay, by my sail (said my Lord Suikk. of Po* , then by), your Majesty need not fear that —

the Devil will hinder it, for he hath reason to be a special friend to it. Whatsoever succeed, God bless the Prince with a return as sound home as he went out. My Lord of Rutland, our General (with whom the King sends me by sea to post to Madrid, at our arrival with the news of the ships readiness for their imbarking), appeared in all his bravery yesterday at Court, and took his leave of his Majesty, and there we received his charge to embark speedily; but we of the ignorant world can not discerne cui bono as long as we heare not one word of the mariag how near towards.

1623, June 26. Secretary Calvert to the Earl.— A letter complimentary, introducing his son, who is visiting the North.

1623, Nov. 29. Council letter to the Lord Lieutenant of the counties of Cumberland, Northumberland, and Westmoreland.—About musters.

1624, Nov. 19. King James I. to the Earl of Cumberland and others, Lords Lieutenants, &o.—About musters.

1624, Nov. 24. Council letter to the same.—Muster of trained bands.

1624, Jan. 22. Thomas Howard to the Earl of Cumberland.—Sends tho letters of the King and Counoil.

1625, Aug. Copies of letter by the King and Council.—About musters and beacons.

1625, Sept. 10. Cumberland to the Lords of the

Council.—About defensive operations The

plague is dangerously dispersed in Newcastle; the Mayor's own house being infected.

1625, Sept. 17. "Charles R." to the Earl of Cumberland and tho other Lords Lieutenant.—Privy seal to get them to borrow money, and make a book of the lenders.

1625, Oct. 2. Copy of Council letter to the Lords Lieutenants for discovering of Popish recusants.

1625, Oct. 8. Copy of letter signed by 12 of the principal gentry, excusing themselves from lending to the King.

1625, Oct. 8. Copy of Council letter to Lord Clifford, Lord Lieutenant.—Acknowledging his letter of 10th (Sept.). Whereas the town of Newcastle is ill fortified and afflicted with the infection, they now give order by letter from the Board to the Mayor and Alderman for the redress of both.

1625, Oct. 8. Copy of letter by William Selby and 11 others to the Earl of Cumberland and Lord Clifford, two of the Lords Lieutenant,—in answer to letters • received about providing arms and fortifying the sea coast.

1625, Oct. 13. Copy of the Lords letter to the Privy Council.—About fortifications and privy seals.

1625, Oct. 24. Cockermouth. Wilfrid Lawson, William Musgrave, Robert Fletcher, and Patricius Curwen to the Earl of Cumberland and Lord Clifford, Lords Lieutenant.—Excuse for not lending on privy seal, but if the excuse be not allowed, then only those in the list (which accompanies, with the sums proposed) can give. The country is poor, and the subsidy is then collecting. Will proceed with the disarming of Papists according to his letter of tho 22nd. (In the list are 20 names whose united subscriptions amount to 320/.)

1625, Oct. 28. Copy of letter by the Mayor and Aldermen of Newcastle to Lord Conway.—They refer to Buckingham's letter warning them against the Dunkirk fleet. Have received reports that eleven Dunkirk great ships are near Scarboro', which had made spoil of 70 Holland busses and chased all the rest, and that there were 8 Holland men of war, two whereof they sunk and the rest they forced to fly; they sent 140 poor fishermen in an English ship to this port. They relieved them and hired a ship for 20J. to carry them to Encusan, their countrie. Are glad to hear there are about Yarmouth Roads 13 Holland men of war, and preparation made in Holland to pursue the Dunkirkers.

1625, Oct. 30. Thomas Lyddell, the Mayor, and six Aldermen of Newcastle, to the Earl of Cumberland and Lord Clifford, Lords Lieutenant.—In obedience to the letter of the 21st, they have searched for Popish recusants. There are only 30 men and women in the town, and they are of poor condition and have no arms; all the better sort have removed.

1625, Oct. Thomas Lyddell, Mayor of Newcastle, to tho same.—Sends a list of persons to lend on the privy seals. 18 persons = 300Z.; he offers 20i.

• The paper Ii tom horo.

Decs Ob 1625, Oct. 31. Copy of Council letter to the Lord 'shikk" Lieutenant.—For disarming Papists, except nobility and

'peers, whom his Majesty deals with.

1625, Nov. 17 or 18. Draft and copy of letter by the Lords Lieutenants to the Lords of the Council, in answer to theirs of Oct. 2, about disarming the Papists in the Middle Marches, and stating the weakness of Tynmouth Castle.

1625. Draft of letter by the Earl of Cumberland to the Lords of the Council.—Acknowledging their letter of Nov. 30, and complaining of want of powder and bullets, and bad state of arms.

1625. Letter of Ralph Delaval and John Fenwick, about muBters and disarming of Papists.

1625, Dec. 4. Comncil letter (signed by Coventry and others) to the Lords Lieutenant, acknowledging their letter of (Nov.) 18th, and sending copy of Council Order for repair and fortification of Tynmouth Castle.

1625, Dec. 14. Copy of Council Order for fortification of Tynmouth Castle.—One Cramfield, an engineer, then at Harwich, is to be employed.

1625, Dec. 23. Council letter (signed by J. Ley and others) to Lord Clifford.—About Lord Eurie (EureP) and the taking of arms found in his house at Malton.

1625, Dec. 31. Council letter (signed by Coventry, J. Ley, and others) to the Lords Lieutenant . . . about musters .... to enforce the proper rating of manors, mansions, and lands for the Horse and Foot.

1625, Jan. 20. Copy of Lord Clifford's letter to the Lords of the Council, about his supposed remissness in the matter of the privy seals.

1625, Jan. 29. Whitehall. Reply of E. Conway to the above, absolving Lord Clifford.

1627, Aug. 17. Patrioius Curwen and seven others to ... . about levying 100 soldiers in Cumberland for the wars, in obedience to the King's letters.

1627, Aug. 20. R. Dunelm (Richard Neyle, Bishop of Durham) at Durham Castle, to Henry Lord Clifford. 8ends letter from the Lords of the Council of Scotland which he has just received from the Mayor and Aldermen of Newcastle. He has the train bands in readiness. (Fine seal).

1627, Aug. 22. Melros (at Edinborough) to Lord . . . Alarm by reason of 12 or 15 Spanish or Dunkirk war ships on the coast .... Some Holland busses put in for fear.—P.S. 23 August. Four of the Dunkirkers have been sunk by the Hollanders.

1627, Aug. 26. Robert Jackson, Mayor of Berwick,

and two other persons, to Lord They have

received letters from the Earl of Melros that the waughters of the States had suuk four Dunkirkers; but since, the Earl has been truly certified a waughter has reported to Capt. Murray, commander of one of his Majesty's ships, that he and other four waughters had been in fight with 14 Dunkirkers, that three waughters were sunk and the other two forced to fly. The Dunkirkers are reported to be still on the coast.

1627, Aug. 30. The Earl of Cumberland to the Mayor of Newcastle.—About the bad news.

1627, Aug. 30. The Earl to Mr. John Solby.—About the defence of the country.

1627, Sept. 24. Council letter to Lord Clifford.— About the Dunkirkers; and those in Northumberland who refused Prest money.

1627, Jan. 10. Council letter (and copy) to the Lords Lieutenant of the three counties.—About musters.

1627, Feb. 15. Morpeth. John Delaval, Wm. Muschamp, and Wm. Carnaby to Ld. Clifford.—They personally will, but the inhabitants generally object to their county being brought under the same rule as other counties (for providing arms and troops).

1627, March 13. Council Letter to the Lords Lieutenant.—Complaint about the defective state of the

. troops upon musters.

1628, May 25. Council letter to the Lords Lieutenant; postponing the proposed rendezvous at York on the 11th of June.

1628, May 31. Council letter to the Lords Lieutenant. —Special instructions for musters, beacons, &c.

1629, June 19. "Charles R." to the Earl of Cumberland and the other Lords Lieutenant.—At the request of the King of Sweden, he has given leave to the Marquis Hamilton and his officers to levy 6,000 men;— "specially for the distressed case of our dear brother "and only sister."—Requires them to endeavour the accomplishment, and recommend it to their DeputyLieutenants.

1633, Dec. 9. C. or G. Wandesforde (at Dublin) to Lord (Clifford).* A long letter against the proposed

* Afterwords Earl of Cumberland. His daughter and heir married the Earl of Cork.

marriage of his daughter to the Earl of Cork, whom ho J^n describes as a plunderer .of Church property. gj^jj 1634, Dec. 10. Geo. Radcliffe (at Dublin Castle) to — Lord (Clifford).—About settlement of lands, . . . rather disparaging tho Earl of Cork.

1637, Oct. 2. Council letter to the Earl of Cumberland, high sheriff of Westmoreland, about ship-money. (8i pp.)

1638, July 31. (The Earl of) Arundel and Surrey to the Earl of Cumberland. (Dated "from Alberrye, my Alpine celle.")—His Majesty hath talked with me about making some necessaries for an army at Sheffield, as spades, pickaxes, carriages for field-pieces, and such like, where perhaps they may be cheaper, and save carriage from hence.—I think it not amiss if your Lordship by your examplo would invite the nobility and gentry of the North to set on with country smiths to make plain pieces and pistols, with rests for muskets, and such like; and tho' they be but homely work, they may stand in good steade: lead can not want, so near Derbyshire, and his Majesty is careful to send some good proporcion of powder to Hull shortly.

1638, Feb. 5. The Lord Admiral (Earl of Northumberland) to Lord Clifford.—About the army and the King and his coming to York.—The army of 30,000 is reduced to 6,000.

1638, March 18. The same to the same.—Army matters.

1639, April 13. Edinburgh. Copy of letter by (the Earl of) Rothes to Ensigne Willoughby.—Alludes to the intercepting by the English of letters from Scotland. Regrets that his (VV's.) father has taken tho King's side; says that the cause they maintain is the liberty of their religion, confirmed by the national oath, constitution of the national assemblies, the laws of the kingdom, and the liberties of their country.—Pleads the amity of the two kingdoms; alludes to the posts on the borders :—if troublesome, they (the Scots) will come over in greater forco than expected.

1639, Juno 17. Earl of Arundel and Surrey (at tho Camp) to Lord Clifford.—This evening things are so far agreed here as this night the Marquess Hamilton goes by land towards Edinborough to receive His Majesty's castell there for the King's use.—On Thursday the Scottish army breaks, and on Friday or Saturday ours will do soe also. The King commands me that the Yorkshire regiments with you goe home, and I shall tomorrow Bend many for them by my cosin Sir Francis Howard, and no forces are to be left there, but only Sir Frederick Willoughby, and the King is pleased that your Lordship should come hither, and to let my Lord of Niddesdale and the rest of the Scottish nation know that all is quiet; and to-morrow I shall send a dispatch from the Scottish Lords of the freeing the siege of the Tyene (Tyne). The Lord Barrimore's regiment is sent to bo stayed.

1639, March 19. The same (at Arundel House) to the same.—I received yesternight your dispatch with that of the advertisement unto you of tho desperate resolutions of the Scottish Covenanters which I acquainted his Majesty withall, who hath that care of this kingdom which becomes so good a King, and doth not so much trust their profession never to invade this kingdon as to leave so important frontiers to their curtesye. My Lord of Essex is coming swifter than I can. If your Lordship see him at Newcastle, I am sure your Lordship will use him as the King's General, and I hope to see you soon after him.—Recommends care about the horse, "for his "Majesty hath a principal care the Horse be good, "as the part of the army in which he reposoth most "trust."

1640, March 31. Council letter to the Lords Lieutenants of Westmoreland.—The Earl of Northumberland, General of tho Army, having appointed Lord Conway his deputy, you are prayed to assist him.

1640, Aug. 12. William Pennington and four other persons to Sir P. Musgrave and others, Deputy-Lieutenants.—Say that they have received no letter from Lord Conway, but Sir Charles Howard coming from him brings certainty of the Scotch being on English ground to-night:—intend to be ready with their trained bands at three hours warning.

1640, March 20. Council letter to Earl of Cumberland.—Reminding him that 40Z. of the subsidy is due from him.

1643, April 16. Moneys owing for the billett of Lt.Col. Lewinstone's companie and in John Holmes's squadron. (3 long pages.) It contains the names of the men and the persons on whom they were billetted, and the charge. From a note in the margin, half seems to be paid.

jraoi 1644, Feb. 21. "Charles R." signs a pass for the I*TM- Countess of Cork from Oxford to York and thence to ..mee. Brjgtol.—Countersigned by George Digbye.

1648, Aug. 18. W. Thornton to Richard Richardson.— . . . Not to trouble you with a long story of our present condition, bee pleased to know all your affairs are in the same order hitherto you advised. What the publique fate may make ours can not be easily conjectured, but must be wayted with patience, of which you will believe weo have needc, when I assure you that Duko Hamylton and Sir Marmaduke's army are past by ns into Lancashire, and after them L' Gen11 Cromwell with an army much lease in number, but, which supplyes that, most gallantly resolv'd, form'd, and accoutred; wee expect within few dayes to heare them ingaged, the event of which will much alter the condition of these parts, and must be subscrib'd to with patience . . . (Seal, a chevron between three trees).

[1648], Sept. 8. The same (at York) to the same.— . . Nor have your affaires much altered by that of the army, which though you have had from better hands, you will scarce credit, nor indeed can any not ingaged in the businesse or involved in their ruine. The formidable army of Duke Hamilton hath received so absolute an overt hrowe with so little contest and losse of the other party. The Duke, Langdale, most of the Scotch nobility and gentry, with nere 1,000 common men imprisoned, the rest slaine, or, which is death to them, endeavouring to escape to their own country. Munro, who came into England their refere, retreats beyond Barwicke, whither Cromwell and Lambert arc marching in hope to have it and Carlisle delivered them upon demand; if not to enter Scotland to settle the Kirke in the Presbyterian Government, or at least give a rise to the beleiving party there to direct the Lord Limerick's coming into England, if the consideration of the honor of their nation and its preservation unite not them, as that of the common enemy did those in England. . . .

[1649]. The same (at London) to the Earl of Corke (at Caen, in Normandy). A letter of business. In a P.S. he says " My lady desires to know how a Coach may "bee bought at Caen, the transportation thence being "more convenient than from this place."

1600 and 1651. Haberdashers' Hall.- Several papers about the sequestration of the Earl of Cumberland's estate (Lady Cork was his heiress), for his signing the engagement of the Gentlemen of Yorkshire, the Yorkshire Magna Charta, 13 Feb. 1642, which signing his representatives denied.

1660, Jan. 9 and Jan. 12. Dublin. Two letters from John, Archbishop elect of Armagh.

1666, Aug. 11. London. Wm. Congrcve to Richard Graham. (The writer's seal bears a chevron between three battle axes.)

1666, Aug. 23. Thomas Otway to Richard Graham. (The writer was a member of the Chapter of Brecknock.)

1668 and afterwards. Letters by the Earl of Burlington to Graham.

1668, Aug. 1. Clifford House in Charles StreetReginald Heber to Richard Graham at Bolton Abbey (business).

1685, July 18. London. Christopher Croft to Charles Bull at Bolton Abbey.—Tho late Duke of Monmouth told his Majesty ho was one of tho bloodiest rogues that ever lived. In his pocket was a manuscript of spells, charms, and conjurations, songs, receipts, and prayers, all written with his own hand.—The headsman had five strokes at his neck, for which every one says he deserves hanging or beheading with an oysterknife.

Miscellanea.

Kirkeby's Inquest, 24 Edw. IT. A large folio, paper, about 93 leaves. Begins with the Commission; then

Nomina burgoram, &c., de Com. Ebor

Holdernessc. Ends with Feoda militum infra libertatem de Tykehull.

1463. John, prior of tho monastery or priory of Perriby, of the Augustine Order, in the diocese of York, to Henry, Lord Vessy.—Henry Percy, formerly Earl of Northumberland, claimed to be the founder. The prior admits that Lord Vessy's noble progenitors founded and endowed it.—Oval seal, a round church; Sigilltim Templi Domini in Anglia.

16th century. Copy of Information of George, Earl of Cumberland, against Thomas Gent and others.— About tho Debatcable Laud, part of the Duchy of Lancaster.

Edw. VI. Half a skin of vellum (most likely torn Dckb Of to make a cover of a roll). On it are the sign manual ?5T2?" of Edw. VI., and the signatures of T. Cant., Bedford, — Northampton, A. Wyngfeld, W. Herbert.

(15 . .), June 26. Letter of marque (in Portuguese) for the barque Cliford, Captain Christopher Lister, Englishman.—Signed El Bey (Antonio), and countersigned A. Botelho.*

13 James I. Gaol delivery for Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Bolton Abbey. Twenty-nine deeds of tho 13th and 14th centuries; in some tho name is spelt Bouthelton.

13 Edw. IV. 4to., vellum, eight leaves. A rental of the possessions.

Fountains Abbey. Fifteen grants to, and two grants by, the Abbey, of the 12th and 13th centuries.

Household books, account boohs, bailiff's accounts and inventories.

14 Hen. VIII. Household book: Henry Clifford. No place mentioned.

Household books for Londesborough for the years 1575, 1576, 1594, 1595, 1598, 1599, 1600, 1601, 1608, 1609, 1610, 1611, 1612, 1614, 1615, 16[20], 1622, 1623, 1625, 1626, 1629, 1635, 1653.—For Cholsey, 1630-1631. Tho persons present aro named.

Books of Receipts and Disbursements of the Earl of Burlington, 1062, and the first half of tho last century.

Accounts of Receipts and Disbursements of Francis, Earl of Cumberland. These contain interesting entries, particularly the llewards, i.e. gifts, to divers persons. There are volumes for the year 1614 (Rewards, 18 pp.; the names and sums are given), 1615 (eight pages of Rewards), 1616 (22 pages of Rewards), 1618 (33 pages of Rewards), 1620 (21 pages of Rewards), 1634, and 1635.

Craven.—Accounts of the bailiffs of Ann, Countess of Cumberland, 1579, 1580, and 1597.

Inventory of the Earl of Cumberland's personalty in 1594 and 1595, at Yorkshire, Westminster, London, Skipton Castle, Bolton, Harden, Appleby Castle, and Clerkenwell. In the last: "In the nail, bars for tho "lawyers to plead at, is.; six forms and a seat for "the judges, 3«."

Inventory of goods at Skipton Castle, temp. James I. 15 leaves.—1645, nine leaves. Goods at Londesborough, 1700.

16th century. Long paper inventory of the goods of the Earl of Cumberland.

It is with pleasure that I acknowledge the courtesy and assistance of Mr. Cottingham (his Grace's agent) during my researches at Hardwicke nail and Bolton Abbey.

Alfred J. Hobwood.

TnE Manuscripts Of His Grace The Ddke Of DevonShire, At Hardwicke Hall, Co. Derbv.

Tho papers hero are miscellaneous. Among them are a few public accounts, temp. Henry VIII.; some printed Proclamations by Edw. VI.; Accounts showing prices of Provisions, temp. Elizabeth; a long letter containing notices of Sir Walter Ralegh, Arabella Stuart, and Lord Burghley; many official letters on county business; News letters, temp. Charles II.; some manuscripts by Hobbes of Malmcsbury; journey to the East by Henry Cavendish in the 16th century; Sir WilliamMonson's accounts of seafights, temp. Elizabeth; a defence of King Richard III. by Wm. Cornwaleys; a treatise on Virginia by Samuel Purchas; and a long series of household accounts. There are also early grants to Fountains Abbey.

Notices of all the above are contained in tho notes subjoined.

19 & 20 Edw. IV.—Ministers' accounts of the lands of George Earl of Shrewsbury in the King's hands during minority (property in the counties of Oxford, Berks, Wilts, and Bucks).

30 & 31 & 32 Hen. VIII.—Large paper account of William Brabazon, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland and General Receiver of tho King's lands there. On a single sheet is an abstract of the three years' accounts.

31 Hen. VIII.—Moneys laid out by John Travers,

• S«p n siniiLir document in Lord Mount Edgcumbe's collection, ind Rc]Kirt, Appendix, p. 21.

Dhvos* Master of the Kings's Ordnance (2 pp.). The like for Shibe." the 29th year (many pages). — Certain articles for answer to my Lord Protector,

all which I would you, John Esum, should declare . . . . (about Quynny being committed to prison, for halfpence brought to this country to make them pass current), 6 pp.

Pol. Relazione d' Inghilterra, by Giovanni Michel, 1557, contains notice of a visit to the King of the Romans, to Constantinople, to Muscovy.* (In Italian.)

A 4to. volume, paper, 16th century. Tho Enemies of Marriage and the True Lovers Knot. Two treatises (about the married state) "in remembrance of the mar"riage of the Honble. Mr. W. Cavendish." (108 pp.) • The 1st begins :—Whoever he be that either by the

discourse of reason.

The 2nd begins (p. 31):—Marriages, as one saith, are either of honour, of love, of labour, or of grief.

Henry VIII.—Brief estimate of and inventory of all
kinds of store, as well of Bullion and Ingot remaining
in the Treasurer's custody in the Mint, and also of the
treasure and coyne accruing to his Highness, taken and
examined before the Lord Chancellor and other Com-
missioners of the Council joined with him:—
Bullion tryed by general weight "1 g

(particulars) - - I
Plates shaped by the Standard 1 ~t •>

and White Blanched, &c. J 0/0
Old harps yet in store - - 5 10
Not returned .... 453 10

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Long memoranda about them all.

1583. Elizabeth Countess of Shrewsbury, the heiress of Hardwick.—Account of my plate at Hardwick sent from London from my daughter Cavendish, li pages, and additions by her own hand.

Account of some of her plate. 1583.

1587. Paines at the Court held for Rowtnorno and Houghton Filley, co. Derby. Among these may be noticed tho following:—None to fetch any fire any where to kindle a fire at aijy other house at any time, night or day, unless it be safe covered, under a penalty of 10s. No one to lodge any poor people or traveller that goeth a-begging from door to door above two nights, under a penalty of 5s.

Folio, paper, 16th century (indorsed 1549). W. Cowley to tho Lord Deputie.—Counsels for tho reformation of Ireland. Begins I have moch declared my most simple mind. (8 fols.)

1553. Inventory of the goods of Sir W. Cavendish: and a deed to continue the same in the family.

3 Edw. VI.—Receipts signed by Henry Colley, factor, for Mr. \V. St. Loe, Grand Captain of 100 horsemen, parcel of tho King's retinue in Ireland, for money for stipend; and several on other accounts.

Edward VI.

Six perfect (and one imperfect) Proclamations printed in black letter.

1549. (3 Edw. VI.) Instructions by the King to Commissioners for the execution of certain statutes on husbandry.

3 Edw. VI., July 2.—For rating, assessing, and ordering of prices of victuals. (Very long.)

3 Edw. VI., July 8.—Against tale talers and seditious runagates.

3 Edw. VI., July 8.—About the effects of pardons to certain of his subjects having made ryots.

3 Edw. VI., July 16. Richmond. Long proclamation by the King, with the assent of tho Protector, for executing of a law martial for pain of death against rebellers and their upstyrrors.' (Printed by Grafton; woodcut initial.)

• See Introduction to the Relazione d' Inghiltcrru, edited by Miss Snejdfor the Cumdeu Society.

3 Edw. VI., Oct. 10. Against vile, slanderous, and Bra libellous letters, billcs, scrowles, and papers. g^

Part of a proclamation containing "the verie truth of — "the Duke of Somerset's evil government, and false and "destestable proceedings."

1595. The booke of tho charges of John Rhodes, Esq., Sheriff of the County of Derby, at tho assizes holden there the 4th and 5th August, 33 Eliz., 1595, set down by Arthur Bratinhall. (A long narrow paper book of 12 pp.)

His master's own provisions were sent from home. Ale, Hour, one fat ox, 71.; one tierce of claret, 31.13s. 4d.; fifteen pewits, 7s. (id.; twenty score of loaves for yeomen; comfet and other banquetting stuff, 7s.; and other things. Summa, with brewing charges, SOL Us. bd.

The dates given are August 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. The purchases include: Cates bought at Derby, pewits, grey plover, cowcumbers, hartiejeughes (artichokes], apinege, turnspits, chalk to scour the vessels; loin of veal, 16ci.; loin of mutton, 12ii.; six gallons of claret, 16«.; seven and a quarter gallons of white wine, 2s. Sd. per gallon; eight gallons of sacke, 32s. (about 16 gallons of claret were bought); dates.

Payment to minstrels :—The waytes of Derby, 2«. 6d.; five men being the waytes of Linne, 2«. 6d.; the wayts of Nottingham, 12d.: minstrels dwelling in Leicester, I2d. The whole expenses at the Assizes were 76Z. and a few shillings.

Given to the Judges: one fat buck, one fat lamb, and five couple of rapits.

Charles Cavendish to his mother.—He understands the lords aro to examine Lord Buckhurst about his conduct in the Low Countries, who is commanded not to come to Court for discontenting my Lord of Leicester, which is thought strange, being equal with him in Counsel, and being her Majesty's Ambassador, before he deliver what he has done there .... Sir Thomas Norrice is commanded to his father's house. . . . Mr. Wilkes committed to the Fleet, and all to please BayLord of Leicester, as is said.—Alas for the relief of Sluce, there be brutes, my Lord of Leicester thinks it an impossible thing, which as some suppose will harme my lord's credit. Sir W. Rawley is in wonderful declination, yet labours to underprop himself by my Lord Treasurer and his friends; I see ho is courteously used by my Lord and his friends; but I doubt the end, considering how he hath handeled himself in his former pryd and now goweth so humbly towards every

one, as, considering his former iusolency, he comitteth over great business and [it] is thought ho will never rise again. . . My lady Aibella hath bin once at Court, ■—hir Majesty spake unto hir, but not longe, and examined her nothing touching her booke; she dined in the presence, but my Lord Tresurer bad hir to supper; » and at dinner, I dinyng with hir, and sitting over against him, he asked me whether I came with my neee or no. I sayd I came with hir, then he spake openly and directed his speech to Sir Walter Rawley, greatly in hir commeudacion, as that she had the French th Italian play of instruments, datisod wrou'gh and writt very fayre, wished she weare 15 years old, and with that rouued Mr. Rawley in the eare, who answered him it would be a happy thing. At supper he made exceeding much of hir, so did he the after noon in his great chamber publicly, and of Mall and Bess George; and since, he hath asked when she shall come again to Court. . . . Tho Lord Treasurer's new buildings, &c, gallery, &c, the rooms, &c, great chamber 60 feet long, 22 broad and 21 hy; . . in the roof a sun which points the hours and goeth the length of tho Chamber; by night the moon; and holes in the boards where at night lights were set to represent the stars.—There he feasted the Queen; at conclusion she prayed that God would lentl hir lif for 21 years, for she desired not to live longer than she had him, . . so kindly expressed that the good old lord could not reply for tears.

1625 and 1626. Some Council letters to the Earl of Devonshire about muste/s.

(1625) 1 Car. I. Aug. 13. Charles R. (sign manual) at Woodstock, to the Earl of Devonshire . . . directing him to get in order the trained bauds and militia.

(1625) 1 Car. I. Sept. 17. "Charles R." to Wm. Earl of Devonshire, asking him to make a return of the names of the gentry able to lend money; ho does not intend to deal with noblemen; nor is tho Earl to deal with the clergy; that is reserved to the Metropolitan.

1625, Oct. 2. Privy Council letter to the Earl of Devonshire and Lord Cavendish, for depriving conf0°* victed or greatly suspected recusants of arms and in. ammunition.

- 1625, Oct. 22. Francis (Lord) Deincourt to the

Deputy Lieutenant for Derby:—Understands that the Barons of England are privileged from the showing of horse and armour; is certified that the Lords in Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire do not show.—Thinks right to inform him lest he should expect it.

Heads of a Bill for uniting his Majesty's Protestant subjects. (15 heads.)

(1626) 1 Car. I. Jan. 19. Charles R. (sign manual). Summons to attend the coronation; because of the late plague he puts off the procession from the Tower of London; but the Earl is to come to Westminster on the 2nd of February.

1678, March 25. Copy of Lord Danby's letter to Mr. Montague. It begins "My Lord, King Charles's "temper with regard to the King of France;" and ends "will not make peace unless pressed by the Con"federates."

1678, Dec. 24. News letter to the Earl of Devonshire at Chatsworth. Prance, a goldsmith worker for Somerset House, taken on suspicion of the murder of Sir E. B. Godfrey.

1678, Oct. Copies of one of Mr. Doleman's letters to Father Fftrriars and his answer. (The first tells of letters not readable until warmed.)

1678, 1679, 1680. Two bundles of News Letters; some to Win. Earl of Devonshire and some for Mr. Jackson.

1679, May 4. Proclamation by the Privy Council against the murderers of Sharp, Archbishop of St. Andrews.

Two bundles of Mathematical papers of and letters to Thomas Hobbes (of Malmesbury) and some of his writings. (A list of the letters is with them.)

1680, Nov. 6, London. (The Earl of) Ailesbury to the Earl of Devonshire—Your lordship is much wanted here; altho' the Lords upon the call of the House were pleased to excuse you, yet they will strictly require the attendance of their members when so important affairs are depending.

Volumes Bound And Unbound.

Folio, paper, 16th century.—The travel of Mr. Henry Cavendish in his going to Constantinople. It begins on 28th March. He took shipping and arrived at Stodc in Germany (34 pp.).

Folio, paper, 16th century. Receipt of Sir Anthbny St. Leger for the sale of the stuff late of Christchurch monastery, Canterbury (bedding, tapestry, hangingB, furniture &c), 4£ pp.

Folio, paper, 17th century. A volume of miscellanies.

Confession of the faith (3 fols.), begins I believe that nothing is without beginning but God; no nature, no matter, no spirit, but one only and the same God: ends, and is everlastingly without change.

An advertisement touching the controversies of the church of England (11 pp.); begins It is but ignorance if any man find it strange: ends shall not repent myself at the meditation.

Certain considerations touching the better pacification of the Church of England (14 pp.), dedicated to his most Excellent Majesty: begins The Chief of our Church: ends sacred person and all your doings.

Meditaciones sacra) dc operibus Dei et hominis (5 fols.). The 1st cap. is De miraculis scrvatoris.

Directions touching the Union of England and Scotland dedicated to his Majesty, (5 fols.); begins I do not find it strange, excellent King, that when Heraclitus: ends under the like Divine Providence as that was between the Bomans and the Sabines.

History of Hen. VIII., Edw. VI., Mary, and Elizabeth (3 fols.) ; begins The bookes which are written do in their kinds represent the faculties the minds.

Certain observations upon a libell published this present year 1592, intituled a Declaration of the true causes of the great troubles presupposed to be intended against the realm of England, (29 fols.); begins It were just and honourable for Princes being in warres together: ends and make their libels successive to their legend. The last chapter is, Of the hight of impudency that these men are grown unto in publishing and accouching untruths, with a particular recital of some of them for an essay.

Certain articles in consideration touching the union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, collected and disgested for his Majesty's better service (12 fols.); begins Your Majesty being, I do not doubt, directed and conducted by a better oracle : .ends benign and gracious acceptation.

A Draft of a Proclamation touching his Majesty's Dpkb or style (7 pp.); begins As it is a manifest token. ^hirs

The historie of Great Britain (4 fols.); begins By the —' decease of Elizabeth Queen of England, the issue of King Henry 8.

Charge of Sir F. Bacon, Attorney-General, against Wm. Talbot, a Counsellor of Law of Ireland, on an Information in the Star Chamber (about Suarez's doctrine as to killing kings excommunicated).

My lady Shrewsbury's cause touching the flight of the Lady Arbella (2 fols.); begins Your lordships do observe the nature of this charge.

Account of proceeding against Sir Robert Maunsell, Knight, and James Whitlocke, Esq.; and the charge of Whitelocke by Sir F. Bacon.

Folio, paper, 17th century. A Treatise of Sea Causes; containing a yearly observation of the English and Spanish Fleets that were sent forth, one to annoy the other, from 1585 that the war with Spain began till 1602 by W. M. who hath done it to better his experience, collected 1604. The work is dedicated to his son. (The Treatise is by Sir W. Monson; another copy is in the collection of the Marquis of Bath.)

Quarto, paper. A discourse on the text, Epistle of St. James, cap. 3, v. 2, In many things we sin all. Dedicated to Sir Wm. Cavendish by the Priest of Putney. In his dedication he calls it " a handful of fragments, "parched cornes in an earthen dish, lenten fare and "hard of digestion, a bare sceliton without ornament of "speech."—This is the presentation copy. .

Folio, paper, 8 leaves. The encomium of Richard the 3rd, to his worthy friend Mr. John Donne; dedication by William Cornwaleys. After a short preface the text begins That Princes are naturally ambitious; ends and this my encomium as a charitable well-wisher to an oppressed and defamed King.

Folio, unbound. Life of Sir Thomas More. After the preface, the life begins Sir Thomas More was the only son of Sir John More, K'., one of the Justices.*

Folio, unbound. Advertisement written to a Secretary of my Lord Treasurer of England by an English Intelligencer as he passed through Germany into Italy, concerning another booke newlie written in Latin, and

Sublished in divers languages and countries, against Her lajesty's proclamation for search and apprehension of seminary priests and their receivers; also of a letter written by the Lord Treasurer in defence of his gentry and nobilitie intercepted, published and answered by the Papists, A.D. 1592. The author begins by making extracts from Father Person's book, and then answers them.

Folio. Copies of Interrogatories administered to the Earl of Bristol, with his answers. (These may be found in the Hardwicke State Papers, vol. i. p. 494.)

A 12mo volume, paper, 16th century. Plenum reconciled to Kulum. (A Masque, 12 leaves.)

The scene of the mountain Atlas, his top ending in the figure of an old man, to Comus comes singipg (about 28 lines beginning):

Room, room, make room for the bouncing belly, Just father of sauce and deviser of jelly. The bowle-bearcr answers in prose.—Then the first Antimasque; after which Hci cules comes with verses.— Mercury, Masquers, Daedalus. Ends with a verse by Mercury, which is afterwards repeated in song by two trebles, two tenors, a bass, and the whole chorus:

An eye of looking back were well,

Or any manner that would tell

Your thoughts, how you were sent and went.

(About 24 lines.)

After which they dance their last dance, and return

into the scene, which closeth, and is a mountain again as

before.

A 4to volume of 18 leaves. Imitations of Martial, dedicated to William Cavendish. The dedication begins

Thou noble, least ingratc, thou should'st me weene.

The first poem is "In Metii uxorem." (The poems are rather free; query by Edward Sackville.)

Folio, paper, 1672. Copies of letters to Lord Clifford, Prince of Orange, and others, from Arlington, Halifax, Ac, at the Hague and Anvers; and a few to Arlington by Halifax from Calais, Bruges, and Middelburg.

Folio. Some collections regarding Trade and Com

* This won written by his great grandson, Thomas More, and was printed in 8vo Lund. 1720.

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