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Essex, Walter, Earl of.
Galway, Mayors of.
Kildare, Earls of.
Leslie, James, Sir.
Mac Mahon, Heber,
Bishop. Mahony, Teige. Man, Governor of. Marsh, Francis. Martin, Robert. Massereene, Lord. Massie, Edward. Mathews, George. Mathews, Theobald. Maynard, John. Meade, John, Sir. Meara, Edmund. Meath, Bishops of. Meath, Lord. Middlesex, Lord. Milward, Thomas, Sir. Monmouth, Duke of. Moreton, William, Dean. Morice, William, Sir. Mount Alexander, Lord. Mount Cashel, Lord, Mount Garrett, Lord. Mountjoy, Lord. Mountmorres, Lord. Mountrath, Lord. Muledy, Patricio, Don. Muley, Richard. Mulgrave, Lord. Muskerry, Lord.
Nagle, Richard, Sir.
Queen's County, gentry of.
Radcliffe, George, Sir.
St. Alban's, Lord.
Stanley, Thomas, Sir.
Williamson, Joseph, Sir.
The Manuscripts Op The Right Honourable The Earl Of Granard, K.P., Castle Forbes, Co. Longpord.
Tho Huntingdon, Rawdon and Moira documents, referred to in last Report,* include letters of Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, her son Francis, tenth Earl of Huntingdon, her daughter Elizabeth, Countess of Moira, and of the latter's son, Francis, successively Lord Rawdon, Earl of Moira (1793), and Marquis of Hastings (1816).
The houses of Huntingdon, Rawdon and Moira, and Granard became allied through the marriage in 1779 of George, grandfather of the present Earl of Granard, to Solina, daughter of John Rawdon, first Earl of Moira, by Elizabeth Hastings, daughter and eventual heiress of Theophilus Hastings, ninth Earl of Huntingdon, and previously by the marriage of Arthur, second Earl of Granard, to Mary, daughter of Sir John Rawdon, Bishop of Moira, by Dorothy, dangher of Edward, Viscount Conway, in 1678.
Francis Hastings, tenth Earl of Huntingdon, whose correspondence forms part of the present collection, was born in 1728. Through his ancestors, Dukes of Clarence, he was of royal descent, and in addition to the Huntingdon title he inherited on his father's death in 1746 the baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux, Moels, Newark, and Molins. Akenside's best ode was that addressed by him to this nobleman in 1747. Lord Huntingdon was a member of the Privy Council of England, and, as premier Earl, bore the sword of state at the coronation of George III., to whom he was for a time Master of the Horse and Groom of the Stole. Last direct male representative of his house, he died unmarried in 1789, and his baronies devolved upon his sister Lady Moira; but the title of Huntingdon lay in abeyance till tho father of the present Earl was enabled in 1819 to prove his right to it, mainly through the exertions of an Irish gentleman, Edward Nugent Bell, under the legal guidance of Sir Samuel Romilly.
The letters of the tenth Earl of Huntingdon now under notice, extend from 1750 to 1785, and are addressed to his sister Lady Moira, and her husband. Among the topics of interest in the correspondence are the following :—Appointment of Lord Huntingdon to Mastership of the Horse by George III. (1760). Arrangements for royal marriage and coronation. Earldom of Moira granted to Lord Rawdon, instead of that of Monteith desired by him, but which was claimed by a Scotch trader (1761). Buildings, life and society at Donington. Number and magnificence of entertainments in London. Embassy to Spain offered by Lord Shelburne to Lord Huntingdon in 1766, and declined. Letter of Lord Huntingdon to Lady Moira, 20th April 1767: "Upon the "creation of the three last Dukes, I applied for the title "of Clarence. Mr. Horace Walpole drew up my descent "from the four sons of Edward the Third, and my claim "by George Duke of Clarence as well as Lionel, and I "laid it before the King; but with an absolute refusal "of a dukedom, but by that title, as declaratory of my "birth, not as giving me a lift in the peerage. The "King kept it, and referred me to Lord Chatham. His "lordship s invalid state has prevented him as yet being "at court." State of political parties. Lord Townshend, Viceroy of Ireland (1767), King of Denmark and companions in London (1768). Letter of Lord Huntingdon to
his sister, 23rd January 1770, on his dismissal from office jAsl 0T
of groom of the stole:—I have disliked tho measures of Graiash.
"government for some timo past, and have been jealous
"of the imputation (that might have been thrown upon
"me) of being an accommodating man, that voted like
"a Swiss with every administration. The election of
"Mr. Lutterel by the House of Commons, and not by
"the Freeholders of Middlesex, displeased me, and I
"did not conceal my sentiments upon it. These and
"some such little matters formed the articles of im
"peachment against me, tho' it was put upon me not
"attending the first day of Parliament. The manner
"of my dismission was a good deal in the style of the
"late Duke of Devonshire's, and is universaUy dis
"approved of. When Lord Weymouth's letter was
"dispatched by a messenger to let me know the King
"had no further occasion for my service, they did not
"know whether I might not have been ill in bed, or
"overturned or drowned. I was ordered to deliver
"my gold key to Lord Weymouth, which I did, tho
"morning after I arrived in town, and went to the
"King's levee and the Queen's drawing room the same
"day, it being the birthday; they both spoke to me
"very civilly ... I do not want a place, and shall
"not feel the want of half-a-crown by losing three
"thousand a year."
Decision of Lord Huntingdon that his nephew, Francis Rawdon, shall take the name of Hastings, and inherit his title and estates. Plans for his education, travels, and entrance into army. Estimate of his " good sense, "right head and heart, and excessive sensibility."
Letters from Turin, Bologna, Florence, Naples. Notices of foreign courts and nobles. Progress of Francis Rawdon and his brother John. Military services of Francis in America. He is placed in command in Carolina. Return to England. Lords Huntingdon and Rawdon in House of Lords. Success of Lord Rawdon as a speaker there and in Leicestershire.
The letters of Francis Rawdon abound with matter of interest in connexion with the early stages of his career; his student life at Oxford; continental tours with his uncle Lord Huntingdon; entrance into the army in 1771; residence at Ischia with Sir William and Lady Hamilton; details connected with civil and military affairs in America during the war, 1776-81, for services in which George III. created him, in his 28th year, peer of England, by the title of Baron Rawdon. The character of those letters may be illustrated by the following extract from one of them, addressed by Lord Rawdon to the Countess of Moira from the "Camp, near Twelve"Mile Creek, on the frontier of North Carolina, Sept. "19, 1780," with reference to the important battle of Camden, in the preceding month:—" As I find that the "communication by pacquett between this province "& England is now to be regular, I take advantage of "an halt to write to my dearest mother, and shall "forward my letter to Charlestown, that it may go by "tho first opportunity. I hope that a letter which "I wrote to my father by the Providence Frigate, "immediately after the battle near Camden, may have "reached you; as it would make you easy both with "regard to my safety and my health. It would like"wise inform you that I had some share to sustain in "the dangers and difficulties which so seriously as"sailed us: Tho' it would scarcely appear so from the "public account, a copy of which Ld C[ornwallisj has "shown to me. This I am convinced proceeded en"tirely from his being ignorant at the time what my "movements had been. For we are upon the plea"santest terms of mutual esteem and confidence; and "I have every reason to believe that he would wish to "dome credit.* Had I thought the tinsel of unweighed "applause an object superior to the consciousness of "having acted right, I should have given Mr. Gates "battle whilst the command remained with me. It "was in my power; I had fair prospect of success; the "reputation to be attained was great: and if I was "beaten there would have been credit in making a bold "attempt, for the failure of which the disparity of force "would have been a sufficient apology: But I felt that "the step would be false; for by maintaining the conduct "which I pursued, I was certain of forcing the enemy "either to retire across the Pedec, to attack me upon "terms almost hopeless for them, or to take the ruinous "part which they actually did embrace. De Kalb, "who was a good officer, saw so clearly the conse"quences of reducing their attacks to one point, and
* See Second Beport of tho Royal Commission on Historical MSS.
il871), p. 210, for notice of documents connected with the house of orbes ui the collection of tho Earl of Granard.
* See Corre»|>ondencc of Charles, first Marquis Coniwaltis (1X59). i. 5S, 68. Ho described Lord Rawdon's victory over General Green in 1781 as " by far the most splendid of this war," ib. 97.
£.siOt "thereby enabling me to unite my detachments, that GiisAiD. «< ne strenuously advised Gates to pass Lynches Creek "and fight me at all events: this was related to me by "De Kalb's aid-de-camp (a relation of the M. de la "Fayette) who was made prisoner. Gates rejected the "advice, threw himself across the country into the "other road above Hanging Kock Creek, and gave us "three days to prepare to meet him; in a country "likewise very favourable for us. Since that action the "sickness of the troops, added to want of provisions "and almost every kind of stores has detained us "inactive. We are now in march towards Hillsborough, "where Gates has collected a small body of militia. "At present there is no prospect of serious opposition, "but I cannot believe that the Congress will not make "an effort to stop the advance of our successes. We "have reason to hope that we shall be joined by the "greater part of the North Carolinians, who have "certainly given strong proofs of faithful attachment "to us. We hear that a French fleet is on the coast; "and has landed troops to the Northward... It is now "ten weeks since we have heard from New York . . . "You must have been astonished at our warfare here "after the representations which we perceive wero "made to you respecting the loyalty and peaceable "state of His Majesty's Province of South Carolina."
The correspondence also includes letters connected with the following:—Lord Eawdon's challenge of Duke of Richmond, and apology of the latter in the House of Lords for his observations on the execution, of the American prisoner, Isaac Haynes; affairs of the Regency (1789); succession of Lord Rawdon to earldom of Moira on his father's death in 1793. His residence in Scotland as Commander-in-Chief in 1802-3 ; intimacy, at Holyrood House, with "Monsieur," subsequently Charles X., and his own popularity at Edinburgh. In. connexion with the latter he writes as follows, under date of 13th December 1803, to his sister, the Countess of Granard:—
"Could the gratification of vanity compensate to me "for a very uncomfortable life I should be well paid "here. I am the fashion to a degree quite ridiculous. "The Lord Chief Baron (Dundas) had offered himself "for the office of Lord Rector of the University of "Glasgow, corresponding to the Chancellorship of our "Universities. Whilst the vacancy had been impending "he had been designated by general opinion as the "successor, and when the opening happened all com"petition with him was supposed to be utterly vain. "On the day of election last week, when he was pro"posed, a graduate stepped forward and named me. "There was a burst of applause. A poll took place. "I carried it by one. On a scrutiny two who had voted "forme were invalidated, so the Chief Baron was seated "by one. As this was within the walls of the College, "care has been taken to suppress any publication of "the circumstance, but as it was from mouth to mouth "it disseminates a wondrous notion of my influence. I "had not the remotest knowledge of the matter; not "even that there was a vacancy.
Elizabeth Hastings, Countess of Moira, mother of Francis Rawdon, was the last direct descendant of the ancient house of Hastings, and inherited numerous titles. Independently of these she long exercised influence in Ireland through her great natural talents, antique grandeur of sentiments, and enlightened devotion to the interests of the Irish. In 1769 Lord Huntingdon writes to her: "Was you but to know the number"less inquiries that are made after your health in "London, you would be vastly satisfied with your long "list of well-wishers. Your Irish acquaintance are so "eager to inform me of your convalescence, that I am "charmed with their appearance of kindness towards "you j and I met with many civilities at Bath from "people I had never seen before, on the score of being "your brother."
Lady Moira's views on Irish affairs in 1797-8, are expressed in letters now before us, addressed at that period to her son, who, in the Houses of Lords in England and Ireland, urged the adoption of conciliatory measures towards the Irish people. At Castle Forbes are also preserved the following:— "Memoirs of the family of Hastings, collected by their "descendant E[lizabeth] Moira, daughter of Theophilus, "and sister of Francis, Earls of Huntingdon, and wife "of John, Earl of Moira." Quarto, 96 pages. '" Genealogy of Henry VII. and affinity of the "house of Stewart with him, drawn up for the Earl of "Granard by Elizabeth, Countess dowager of Moira, "Baroness Hastings, &c, with many curious traditional "anecdotes."
In other papers Lady Moira discussea historical and Eaki O* genealogical questions connected with England, and GBAKA"Dpoints out misstatements allowed to pass current on the authority of Sir W. Dugdalo and Horace Walpole.
There is also here extant an interesting lettor of six pages, dated Edinburgh, 10th February 1805, addressed to Lady Moira by Walter Scott, in which he observes: —" Your ladyship's genealogical deductions gave me . '' much amusement and information; they are the keys 'of history and often its touchstone, and it is scan'dalous that the history of our most noble families 'Bhould be, as they are, abandoned to the interested 'tribe of heralds and pedigree makers. Till of late 'years, I believe, these matters wero better managed 'in Scotland, but we have long grown nearly as carc'less as tho neigbours whom we are daily aping. I 'think your Ladyship's conjecture with respect to the 'origin of the song 'Queen Eleanor was a sick woman' 'is quite a ray of light; hardly anything was so likely 'to bo of advantage to tho Lancastrians as to slur the 'descent of tho house of York."
The letters here of Lady Moira's mother, Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, the enthusiastic and munificent patroness of Methodism, are dated in 1759, 1767, 1778, and 1781.
The collection further contains letters from the following:—Ailesbury, Lord; Atkinson, Joseph; Cobbe, Charles, Bishop of Dromore (1727), of Kildare (1732-43), and Archbishop of Dublin, 1742-1765; Comings, F.; Courtenay, J.; Doyle, Welbore Ellis; Egmont, Earl of, 1741-1765; Gilford, Lord, 1794; Hertford, Lord, Viceroy, 1766; Hillsborough, Earl of, 1757-70; Jones, W. Todd; Levinge, Sir Richard; Lindsay, Theophilus; Maule, Henry, Bishop of Dromore, 1741; O'Gorman, Chevalier Thomas; Nugent, Buckingham, 1791; Prior, Thomas, 1723; Stormont, Lord, 1783; Toplady, Augustus, 1760; Westmoreland, Earl of, 1795.
The publication of a selection from the letters and •' papers in this collection would render accessible much new historical and biographical information.
"Historical Memoirs Of The Geraldine Earls Of Histobical
A paper manuscript in small folio of 278 pages, trans- Earls Of cribed about the middle of the last century, which Desmond. would appear to be also the period of its compilation. It commences as follows:—
"Tho Fitz-Goralds, Earls of Desmond, for their "loyalty and the faithful services which they rendered "to the Crown of England were for several.generations "rais'd from time to time to such degree of honour "and preferment that since the conquest of Ireland "under King Henry the Second no subjects even till "now have in that kingdom flourished in greator "splendour and oppulence than they."
From page 1 to page 226 is occupied with memoirs of the Geraldine Earls of Desmond to the period of their extinction in the reign of Elizabeth. These memoirs are partly based on the work of O'Daly,* with much additional matter from Stanihurst, Hooker, Camden, and "Hibernia Pacata," interspersed with some local particulars and extracts from Irish poems with versions in English.
Page 227. The Genealogy of the Rt. Hon. John Earl of Grandison, as descended by the mother's side from Gerald Fz. Gerald, the only brother of Thos. Earl of Desmond, beheaded at Drogheda.
Page 232. Pedigree of the Right Hon. John, Earl of Grandison, as descended of the house of Desmond by the name of FitzGerald.
Page 233. Pedigree of Richard Fitz Gerald, esqr, commonly called Mac Thomas of Woodhouse, who married the Hon. Katherine Villiers, sister of the lit. Hon. the Earl of Grandison.
After this tho author writes, at page 235:—
"Haveing thus shewn the original descent of the Fitz"Geralds, and deduced an account of those of tho "house of Desmond in a lineal succession of the Earls "so called, and of such of their relations by that name "severally as in course of seniority and proximity of
• "Initium, increments, et exitug familiffl Geraldinorum. Dosmoniio "Comitum, Palatinorum Kyerriu) in Hybeniia, ac persecutionis hiereti"corum descriptio. Ex nouuullis fragmcntis collecta, ac Latinitato "donata. Per Pratrom Dominicum de Rosario O'Daly. Ordinis l*ra> "dicatorum, 8. Theologian profeasorem, in supremo S. Inquisition is "Scnatu censorom, in Lusitaniai regnis quondam visitatoremgeneralom "ac fundatorem conuentuum Hybernorum eiusdem Ordinis in Portu"gallia. Vlyssipone. Ex ofllciua Craesbeeckiaiia, Anno IBM."
"kindred were their next heirs to a period in the house "of Dromana (for want of issue male of the Honorable "John FitzGerald, esq', grandfather to the present "Earl of Grandison), I shall now proceed to the gene"alogy of others of the collateral and most remarkable "familys descended of the house of Desmond; and as "I find that those of the White Knight, the Knight of "Kerry, and the Knight of Olinn weare an early and "considerable offspring of that line, and who made no "small figure in Ireland, according to such Irish and "English manuscripts as came to my hands, I will "likewise show the source from whence they took head "and set forth their genealogies in particular."
Pago 244. "Genealogy of those distinguished [as] "the progeny of the Old Knight."
Page 253. "Genealogy of the family of the White "Knight, the same being chiefly collected from manu"script memoirs relating thereunto."
Portions of the leaves towards the end of the volume have beon destroyed by damp, which has also rendered imperfect those which contained the pedigrees of the Knight of Kerry, the Knight of Glinn, Fitz-Geralds of Cloyne, Castlemartyr, Clonglish, &c, and in many places the writing is much faded.
In these notices of branches of the Desmond stock and their descendants — Pitz Geralds, Mac Gibbons, Pitz Gibbons, and others—arc to be found many genealogical and local details not elsewhere accessible. Some of these, the author tells us, he gathered from "old and broken scraps of ancient family memoirs." His own name does not, however, appear; and of the history of the volume itself, the only particulars known are as follow:—For many years it was in the possession of the Rev. James Hingston, appointed Vicar General of Cloyne in 1794. After his death in 1840 it was given to the Rev. George E. Cotter, of Rockforest, near Mallow, co. Cork. From the latter it passed in 1871 to its present owner, Abraham Fitz Gibbon, Esq., M. Inst., C.E., of the Rookery, Stanmore, Middlesex who has with much assiduity laboured to bring to light materials illustrative of the history of the Geraldines of Muuster and their connections.
Parliamentary History Of Ireland By Hugh Howard, LL.D.
The author or compiler of this work was the second eon of Robert Howard, Bishop of Killala and Elphin (1729), some of whose letters were noticed in my report in 1871 on the papers of William King, Archbishop of Dublin.* Bishop Howard's eldest son Ralph, was advanced to the peerage in 1776, as Baron Clonmore, co. Carlow, and created Viscount Wicklow in 1785.
Hugh Howard, called to the Irish bar in 1758, sat in Parliament in Ireland successively for Johnstown (Donegal) and Athboy, held the office of AccountantGeneral of Chancery, and died in 1799.
Howard's "Parliamentary History," of which no account has hitherto been published, extended originally to six or eight folio volumes, of which we have now only the first and second.
Upwards of 100 pages of the first volume are occupied with extracts from published works on the early state of Europe, and on the affairs of Ireland in successive reigns from Henry II. to James I. inclusive. The remainder of the two volumes is composed of an abstract of Parliamentary business in Ireland from 1715 to 1773, arranged under sessions and viceroyalties, as set out by Howard in the following table, at page 415 of his first volume:—
3rd session. 2 vol. p. 49. 4th session. 2 vol. p. 107.
Geokoe 3d. (2d Parliament.) 1st session. 2 vol. p. 125.
2nd session. 2 vol. p. 145.
3rd session. 2 vol. p. 107.
4th session. 2 vol. p. 272.
Earl of Halifax. Win. Geo. Hamilton. Earl of Northum- Wm. Geo. Hamilton, berland.
Earl of Hertford. Viscount Townsend.
8ir Geo. McCartney. Sir Geo. McCartney. Sir Geo. McCartney.
John (Col.) Blaquiere." Prefixed to the first volume are the following memoranda by Howard: —
"About 237 written pages in this book,
"N.B.—These two volumes of ye abridgm* of y* Journals, &c. were begun in April 1772 & finished in May 1773, & during ye same space y* Pari" of King Charles y* 1" were also abridgd.
"11 v[olumes] of Journals from 1 G[eorge] 1 contain - 10,503 pages.
"Abridgd in these books in - 305 pages.
"N.B.—The order in wch this work was carried on was this—ab' 9th April 1772, I began to abridge such part of y* Statutes]] us related to y' Constitution, from ye beginning to y* end of ye reign of Q. Eliz. I then began y' Journals with y* E[arl] of" Harrington's 2"1 adm", & carried them on to ye end of ye E[arl] of Hallifaxes. I then began ye 7th session of Geo. y" 2* & carried it on to ye E. of Harrington's 2d adm", being yc 12"1 session, & also yc Pari' of James y* first. I next begin with y* 1' session of Geo. y' 1", & carried it thro' his reign. I then began y' E[arl] of Northumberland's adm", 1763, being ye 2d session of Geo. yc 3d, & carried it on to almost y* end of y* session of 1771. I next abridgd y* 6 first sessions of Geo. ye 2d, and then finishd to the end of Lord Townshend's administration in 1771. I then abridgd y« Pari" of Charles ye first, Charles y* 2d, King James, King William, & Queen Mary; and lastly Queen Ann; and finishd y' whole the [blank] day of July 1774. And fouud it very easy by doing some of it for about an hour every morning, <fe sometimes in y' day when I had leisure. But I had avocations each summer of above 3 months.
* Second Report of Royal Commission on Historical MSS., pp. 232, 252.
12,945 less in y* —— abridgm'."
"N.B.—There are 6 Folio Books in brown covers marked A. 1, A. 2, B, 1, B. 2, C. and D.
"From these, a very accurate Parliamentary History of Ireland may be collected, and which would indeed form the only and best History of Ireland; as Ireland has seldom an opportunity of acting otherwise than by its Parliament. If a judicious abridgement were made of these 6 volumes (w* in part I have already done in sort of pocket books, but not in the way I would wish it done, being too brief), the whole might be comprized in three or four octavo volumes.
"The 6 vol. of Manuscript contain two very interesting periods.
"1. From Hen. 2d to ye reign of James yc I", when y' Journals commence. This 1 think a very interesting part, but it is deficient in one particular. That defect
History Of Ikelaxd.
may be thus supplied. Look over Lodge's Peerage from beginning to end, and there you will find many Pari" held in this Kingdom, vouched by records, of wch there is no other memorial; enter every one of these, and in that King's reign to wcl1 it belongs, on the authority of Lodge; and 2a*, look over all the English great Counsils (whether put down as Parliament" in tho English Parliamentary History in 20 vols, or not) in wch ye ArchBp. of Dublin, Earl of March, or other Irishmen signed, nnd confidently add them as part of the Irish Parliamentary History; the Irish & English Councils manifestly then sitting togather in one great. Counsil or Parliam'.
"2. The period from the commencement of the Journals in ye beginn* of James yc 1", to ye present time is likewise deficient in one particular. This deficiency may be easily supplied by comparing tho abridgement with the Lords' Journals, and correct8 and explain15 the Commons' Journal by the Lords. This I should havo done if I bad had tho Lords' Journals, but they were not published until after I had finished tho abridgm' of the Commons' Journals.
"Rutland Square, 25th Feb" 1797. H. H."
The books not now forthcoming are described as follows by Howard on a page of his second volume :— "B. 1 contains— "1. The several sessions of King Charles the 1".
"B. 2 contains— "1. Nine sessions of Charles yc 2'1 from 1661 to 4 Novr. 1662.
"Book C. contains— "1. Tho remaining sessions of Car. 2'1 from 4 Novr. 1662 to 7 Aug" 1666, p. 1 to 113.
"2. The single session of James 2J, p. 115 to 125. "3. The two first sessions of Wm 3d, p. 127 to 161. "4. The sessions of Queen Anne, p. 165 to 352.
"Book D., with strings, contains— "1. The remaining sessions of Wm the 3d, p. 1 to 137.
"Green Book E. contains— "1. Out of this may be made two separate tracts — "1. On the revenue of Ireland. "2. On Poynings' law."
As the Commons' Journals and other sources from which Howard compiled are now accessible in print, the main value of his two volumes before us is to be found in his incidental notices of affairs of which he personally had cognizance or had received information on through those conversant with Irish politics in the last century. His original matter is, however, in general, combined with details of Parliamentary acts from which it cannot well be separated. An exception is to be found towards the end of the second volume in the following, on the viceroyalty of Lord Barcourt, which may be taken as a specimen of the original composition of a writer hitherto unknown to the public:
"George 3rd, 1773. 4"1 session. I6,h vol. of Journals. Lord Harcourt. '' The Earl of Harcourt, a nobleman far advanced in years, but of an hale constitution, was thought a proper person to succeed Lord Townsend. He had been preceptor to y" King, & was at ye time of his appointm' embassador at Paris. His instructions were, as appears from his whole administration, to finish what his predecessor had laid ye foundations of; & it is very remarkable y' without any amiable quality, either of the head or heart, and tho' professedly sent to lay on great & heavy additional taxes, he met with no opposition y' could make him uneasy, & continued here [blanlc] years, neither loved nor hated, neither esteemed nor despised, a single & most part of yc time a lone man, & that ho performed all this meerly by some natural qualities of wch he was possess4, such as prudence & a coolness of head and heart, being entirely set upon his designs, & doing nothing either from affection or hatred, but all from interest. Tho only circumstanco in wch he shewed weakness was a tiraiducss in his nature wth made him dread yc opposition of all numerous bodies, & hence it was y* he was affraid to carry the design of erecting a new bridge into execution, lor fear of incensing ye Corporation of Dublin, & rather than do this ho chose to throw an indignity on a largo majority of yc House of Commons. He could not withstand private solicitations for pardons for malefactors, & he was in this respect so remarkably weak, y' ho pardoned almost every street robber, housebreaker, & thief y' was condemned during his governm', to ye great hurt of society. His Excellency's age was not of proof to fence him from y' scandal of an amour with an unmarried lady of past
50 years old. But if there was any foundation for this report, it does not appear y' Miss Alicia McCartney had any influence in ye managem' of public affaires. She was sensible & agreeable, tho' all her life almost of suspected reputation, & as ho was a lone man, it was probably ye charms of her conversation alone fixed his attention to her. Lord Harcourt brought over with him for his Secretary, Lieut. Col. John Blaquiere, who was his Secretary to ye embassy at Paris. He had been bred up in an Irish regiment of cavalry along with an elder brother, & they were at this time both of them Lieut. Col1"; & as they were Englishmen of a very moderate extraction, they were very little known. But tho Secretary who, tho' the younger, had ye best character of yc brothers, having found means to get himself appointed Secretary to Lord Hartcourt's embassy, he was found of capacity sufficient for yc place he now enjoyd. A singular circumstance happened in his favour even before ho entered on his office or arrived in ye kingdom. Mr. Bagnall, member for ye county of Carlow, a man of great estate, but of a very extraordinary character, had asked some very slight favour of him in London, just before his setting out for Ireland, & conceiving, with very • little foundation, yl ye Secretary had not used him well, he followed him over to Ireland, with the sole purpose of sending him a challenge. The Secretary had scarce set his foot on Irish ground before he received this challenge, wch he accepted. Tho combatants met in ye Phoenix Park & discharged their pistols, but luckily no mischief was done; and the first action of yc Secretary's wch brought him into public notice was this duel, wch mado tho whole of his ministry hero extremely easy, & he was never once attempted to be bullied in ye house or out of it, tho' such attempts were made almost daily on his predecessor, Sr George McCartney. Mr. Bagnal continued here for a few days longer, during wch time he quarclled & fought a duel with another gentleman <i received a wound in his arm; & having done the business he came about, he returned to England before yc Pari' met, & never attended in Parliam' afterwJ*, & upon ye expiration of it declined representing ye county of Carlow, wc° he might have done without expence, in ye next Parliam'. . . . But as ye making a fortune for this man seems to have been y° chief point of Lord Harcourt's administration, it may bo curious to pursue it step by step. Upon his first arrival he was, in right of his office, made a privy counsillor, but this was but little consolation as ho was in very indigent circumstances. In former times Secretarys were generally contented with ye emoluments of their office, & had such opportunity's of getting money for doing favours that they were seldom rewarded with great places. And all this was done without envy & with' noise. But in Lord Harington's adm" a different mode prevailed, much to y* detriment of yc people of Ireland. For it is of little real consequence to y' public whether a man gets a peerage for nothing or whether he pays money for it; but every place given to an Englishman is so far a loss to yc people. Of the Secretarys since Lord Harington's time, one only, Ld Frederick Cambell,* returned without taking a considerable lucrative employm' along with him. Mr. Weston was made Aulnager; Lord George Sackville, Clerk of the Council, with ye reversion of ye place of Ranger of ye Phoenix Park; Sr Henry Cavendish was indeed a resident, so y* yc making him Teller of yc Exchequer does not fall within ye rule. Mr. Rigby was made Master of ye Rolls, Mr. Hamilton, Chancellor of y' Excheq'; Sr Geo. McCartney, from y« circumstances of ye times, was content with a pension of £1,500 a year, but it was soon changodinto a governm' of an unheard of castle in the North of Ireland. But to proceed with Col. Blaquiere. In order to give him something like a fortune, & to bestow some consequence upon him, ho was made a Knight of ye Bath; & a common gate keeper of y' Phoenix Park who had a small gate house there & a salary of about 12£ a year, happen8 to dye, the place was given to tho Secretary, & to make it worth his acceptance, a lease was made him by ye Crown of a few acres in yc Park for the term of 3 lives, wcb were walled in & a very handsom lodge & improvem' built & layed out for him at ye public expence. The value of this grant could not have been less than 5 or six 1000 pounds. But as this was a scheme of the Col" own, for he was not until some time after made Knight of yc Bath, it was likoall the rest of his schemes, daring & inconsiderate. The Park was already overburthened with rangers and lodges, & yc people cryed out ag' the enclosure, alleging that they had a liberty of
* "But he got a trroat place in his own country, Scotland."