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UKE OP of shipping to transport them into the Low Countries. could bring, and thus he was brought to promise his Dunn RTHUM

NORTHUM ERLAND. Total, 3,5001. [1 p.]

assistance. These two being gained, I went to present BERLAND.
1638, Aug. 23. *Dublin.-Dr. Olave Cooke to [Alger your letter to the King, who to the first part of it, con-
non. Earl of Northumberland, Lord Admiral ?]. Gives cerning your going to York, said in plain terms that
information of incroachments upon the Admiralty his secretaries were cokscombes for sending you that
jurisdiction in Ireland. Every lord by the seaside summons. For your leave to come over at this time he
challenges wrecks and droits. I accompt to Sir Robert stuck a little, but upon these considerations (here
Loftus, your vice-admiral, and as yet have had no stated] he presently granted your suit; and for your
allowance thereout, which I hope you will consider, warrant to come into England Tafter your three years'
and that no otherwise than my pains shall deserve. service in France], Secretary Coke has sent you a letter
Wexford challenges to have Admiralty jurisdiction. I under the King's own hand.... On the 26th March
find that many have not only wrecks, but the very the King begins his journey towards York. I will
admiral jurisdiction put into their patents, but no instantly dispatch away a vessel to wait for you at
letters to warrant the same. I find that in the 10th Dieppe. Fielding is sent for by his mother home, in
Henry VII. there was an Act of the Parliament (held hope to marry Lady Banning (which I much doubt of).
at Drogheda), whereby all wrecks were reassumed into The Queen's going into France has heretofore been
the King's bands, which will overthrow all grants spoken of, but there is now certainly no thought of it.
made before that time. The fishers cannot get any to [43 pp.)
be bound apprentices. The Mayors of Dublin and 1639, March 27. Whitehall.- Warrant signed by
Wexford take upon them to try actions properly belong. Charles I., and addressed to Algernon, Earl of North-
ing to the Admiralty Court. I would advise you to umberland. You are to give warrant to Sir John
procure his Majesty's letters to the Lord Deputy and Pennington to transport James, Marquis Hamilton, with
Council, that no grant be made of the rights of Admi- the regiments under his command, in such and so many
ralty upon the passing of their patents by the Com- of our ships as you shall think fit, to such rendezvous
missioners for Compounding Defective Titles, until you as we shall direct. And likewise to give him instruc-
be first made acquainted therewith. [64 pp.] . tions for this service, and to command him to be obe-

1638, Aug. 23.-Petition of Alane Cooke, Doctor of dient in all things to Marquis Hamilton. [1 p.)
Laws, to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. Petitioner about 1639, March 30. Westminster.-The like warrant to
twelve months past questioned Richard Whitty of Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to arrest all ships
Balliteig for divers wrecks and droits belonging to his and barks belonging to any Scotchmen now in the ports
Majesty, amounting to a great value, he having no of England, Wales, or Ireland, together with all
grant from the Crown for the same ; but he peremp. goods and merchandise, &c.
torily refusing in the face of the Vice-Admiralty Court 1639, March.-Memorandum for Algernon, Earl of
to answer to the articles, was by petitioner fined in the Northumberland, Lord Admiral, specifying such things
sum of 201.-States Whitty's proceedings for obtaining as are desired by the Marquis Hamilton to be attended
a grant for all wrecks and casualties of the sea on any to in the transportation by sea of the land soldiers under •
part of his lands, and for all manner of prize, fish, &c., his command. [1] p.]
although not having any former grant for the same. 1639, April 5. Office of Ordnance.--The officers of
Prays that order may be taken for the stopping of the the Ordnance to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland,
said grant being ready to pass the seal until such time Lord Admiral. With regard to the proper places for
as this cause shall receive full debate before your Lord storing of powder. (2 p.T
ship at the Council Board, and the rather for that by 1639, May 24. Newcastle.—Answer of King Charles I.
his example every man living by the sea-side now chal. to the Scots' Petition. Whereas we are thus advanced
lenges the like right, and will be able to prove the like in our royal person with our army, and the attendance
custom, which, as petitioner conceives, ought not to of our nobility and gentry, &c. Says he does not
hold against his Majesty, for the reasons stated. [1 p.] intend to invade them with any hostility, but if they

1638. Dec. 20.-- Warrant signed by Augustine Holl, shall without special authority and command raise any
sheriff of co. Norfolk, to the chief constables of the armed troops, and draw them down within ten miles of
Hundred of West Flegg. Assessing upon the Hundred our borders of England, he shall then interpret that an
471. 68. 10d. (part of 5,5001. ship-money), which is to be invasion of our said kingdom of England is intended,
indifferently rated upon every solvent person within and give orders in that case. [1 p.]
each town or parish. [11 p.)

[1639 P, May].—"The humble desire of his Majesty's
1638.-MS. treatise, entitled, “A brief Discourse of

1 brief Discourse of

oo

“ subjects of Scotland.” First, that his Majesty would " the Redemption of the English captives in Algiers,

assure us that the acts of the late Assembly held at “ written at the command of an honourable personage,”

Glasgow by his indiction shall be ratified by the ensuing viz., Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, in which the

Parliament to be held at Edinburgh, July 23, &c. (on writer (whose signature has been cut off, considers the

church matters). [1 p.] three courses open for obtaining this object, either by

(1639, May ?].-Memorandum [for guidance of the
redemption, compulsion, or a treaty or composition.

Scottish Commissioners on occasion of proffering their
[11 pp.)*
1638.-A proposition [submitted to Algernon, Earl of

demands to the King].--About Religion and liberty.

[ Northumberland ?] by Dannett, to be presented to the

p.] King, about a cheaper mode of victualling the King's

1639, June 6. Dunce.-Letter signed by the Scottish ships. [1 p.)

Lairds, Rothes, Lotham (Lothian), Lindsey, Londinias 1638.- A list of the ships composing his fleet, under (sic. Lodon?), Douglas, James Lenton, and Alexander Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, Lord High Admiral,

Bruce, and addressed to the Earl of Holland, General of giving the names of the ships and their destinations,

the Cavalry, and others of the English nobility and counwith the names of the captains and lieutenants com

sellors about his Majesty. Begins, Although we have manding in each vessel. [1 p.]

been labouring this long time by our supplications, &c.
[1638 ?].-Notes, shewing how 500 horse, and 2,000

- They ask for a conference. [Copy. 1 p.]
foot soldiers may be raised in the county of Wilts. 1639 (June 6].–Supplication of his Majesty's subjects
[2 pp.]

of Scotland to King Charles I. Whereas the former
1638-9, Jan. 17.—Certificate of the draught of water, means used by us have not been effectual for the re-
in feet and inches, of all his Majesty's ships and pin- covering of your Majesty's favour and the peace of your
naces, as well in harbour as at sea, grouped according native kingdom, we fall down at your Majesty's feet,
to their respective ranks. [2 pp.)

humbly supplicating that you would be pleased to 1638-9, Feb. 22. London.- Algernon, Earl of North appoint some few of the most worthy men in England umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. Details visit who are well affected in the true religion and our to the Queen with a view to get leave for Leicester to common peace, to hear by some of us our humble come home on private affairs. . . . Sec. Coke was a little desires, and to make known to us your gracious pleaapprehensive that your Lordship and your colleague sure. That as by the providence of God we are joined coming away near about a time might give some in one island, and under one king, so by your great jealousy to the French, and that in your absence our wisdom and tender care all mistakings may be speedily master's affairs might suffer. I told him you intended removed, and the two kingdoms may be kept in peace to leave Augier there with such directions as should and happiness under your happy reign. [Copy. Written prevent any inconvenience that so short a stay here on the same paper as the preceding. p.]

1639 (June 6 ?].-Answer of King Charles I. sent by In 1632 many poor women, whose husbands, sons, and friends had

Sir Edmund Verney, Marshal, to the supplication of his been made captives, petitioned the King. Sir Sidney Montagu referred subjects of Scotland. He refers them to his proclamathe matter to certain persons to consider the best mode of procedure.

tion to all his loving subjects in Scotland, whereby he
They made a Report to the King recommending a suspension of trade.
-A. J.H.

has given them full assurance of enjoying the religion

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BB01 and laws of that kingdom, and likewise a free pardon to receive them with all favour; but I perceive the
THUX.
LAND, upon their dutiful obedience. [Ibid. p.]

King intends to carry himself indifferently towards
1639, June 15. His Majesty's camp near Berwick. them both. (14 p.)

to Sir Francis Seymour. Upon the 1639, Sept. 17. Mincing Lane.-Survey of his Mapetition of several great covenanters his Majesty has jesty's ships and pinnaces at Chatham, taken by virtue been pleased to hear in person their complaints and of a warrant from the Lords of the Admiralty, dated desires, to which end the Lords Rothess and Lothian, 9th Sept. 1639, giving the particulars of each vessel, Dunfermline, and Sir William Douglas, Mr. Henderson, with age, service, present defects, and estimated charge a preacher and a moderator of the late assemblies, and for repairs. [6 pp.) Mr. Johnson, clerk of the same, were appointed by 1639, Sept. 26. London.—Algernon, Earl of Norththem to present their complaints, and to treat with his umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. The two Majesty's Commissioners; to whom, as they were sitting great fleets continue still in the Downs. The Spaniards down at first in our general's tent, his Majesty came make no haste in fitting themselves to go again to sea; himself unexpectedly, and this day, having heard them which I wonder at, for the Hollanders'strength increases two several days before, a happy accord of this great daily. The latter have now in the Downs 80 sail of business is brought about to God's great glory and the men-of-war. The Spaniards die apace on board their peace of the kingdoms. Some small matters are deferred ships; and to prevent the conveying away in small boats till Monday, being their next meeting day, and no their land men, a command is lately given that no doubt but will then be likewise accommodated. The English vessels shall presume to transport any more of Scots' army, we all know, consisting of 30,000 men, lies those soldiers. By Monday next the King will have 20 encamped within five miles of his Majesty's army, and good ships at the Downs to keep the peace between in sight thereof. Our army is said to be 14,000 men, them. His Majesty holds constant to his resolution of many of them by reason of ill weather and hard travel carrying himself indifferently towards them both. The ling are sick and have died. [Copy. 1p.]

King yesterday told the Holland ambassador at án 1639, [June 15?].--- Articles of the Covenanters sub audience that if their fleet did continue to pay him mitted to King Charles I., setting forth their com those respects which are due unto him, his ships shonld plaints and desires, and entitled, " The humble desires neither convoy nor assist the Spaniards when they left * of his Majesty's subjects of Scotland.” That his that road; and with this answer the ambassador went Majesty would be pleased to assure us that the acts of away well satisfied. The Lord Deputy [of Ireland, Earl the assembly holden at Glasgow by his Majesty's indic. of Strafford] professes much kindness to your Lordship, tion shall be ratified by the ensuing Parliament to be and when there is occasion, I am confident he will give holden at Edinburgh the 23rd July, since the peace of you very good demonstrations of it. I find he has no the kirk and kingdom cannot admit further proro desire to the white staff. I yet hear nothing of the gation. [Copy. Ibid. 2 pp.]

Duke of Wirtemburgh, with whose desires I shall 1639, June 17. - Articles of the peace between acquaint the King; for I may not with safety employ Charles I. and his subjects of Scotland, concluded upon upon these occasions the King's ships in so long a in the Lord General's tent at Berwick-upon-Tweed, voyage without his Majesty's knowledge. With the near Berwick, June 17, 1639. [See June 6. * 1 p.) like readiness all your commands shall be obeyed.

1639, June 17.-Further articles agreed upon the 2 pp.) same day as the above. [Ibid. 1 p.]

1639, Sept. 29. Whitehall.-Instructions signed by 1639, June 18. At the camp.--Order of the day the King for Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, as signed by the Scottish Commissioners. In obedience to Lord Admiral of England.— The Spanish and Dutch his Majesty's command we shall upon Thursday the fleets now riding in the Downs.-It is our pleasure that 20th June next, dismiss our forces, and immediately with the supply of six of our own ships, and four merthereupon deliver up his Majesty's castles, &c. And chants' ships, which by former order are ready to set shall ever in all things carry ourselves like humble, sail, you transport yourself into the Downs, and there, loyal, and obedient subjects. [Copy. See June 6. 11 p.] joining to you the ships which are under your vice

11639, June 18P].-Manifesto of the Scottish Com- admiral's charge, require the fleets of both nations to missioners, setting forth the reasons and grounds of forbear acts of hostility on our coasts and harbours. their desires. We did first humbly desire a ratification And when they shall depart you shall give no interrupof the Acts of the late Assembly in the ensuing Parlia- tion to them, or deal otherwise than as with friends. ment, for the reasons here stated. [Ibid. p.]

[Written in the King's own hand in the margin, to be 1639, June 15?).-Reply of Charles I. to the Articles inserted] “but thos that shall first comitt anie act of of the Covenanters of the kingdom of Scotland, calen “ hostilitie within anie of our roads or harbors, you ar dared above, and headed, “ The full agreement and “ to resist them, & defend the others to the uter most ** assent of His Majesty to the Scots' demands.” of your power.” (1 p.] Though he cannot condescend to ratify and prove the 1639, Oct. 3. London.-Algernon, Earl of NorthActs of the pretended General Assembly at Glasgow, umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. So soon as for the reasons contained in his several proclamations, the wind changes I shali set forward with the ships and many other grave considerations, yet, notwithstand which have been ready these five days, to meet them in ing the many disorders committed of late, he not only the Downs, where yet both (the Spanish and Dutch] confirms and approves his Commissioner's declaration fleets lye quiet The Spaniards it seems trust only to given in the said Assembly at Glasgow, viz., the taking the King's protection, for they make almost no prepaaway of the Service Book, Book of Canons, High Com- ration to go from thence or to defend themselves there. mission, and dispensing with the five articles of Perth, Touching a treaty of marriage between Sir Robert &c. &c. [Copy. 4 pp.)

Bannester's daughter and Lord Lisle. Mr. Vane, I find, 1639, Aug. 21.--Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, intends not to press his suit further, but to expect the to Robert, Earl of Leicester.–Told the King newes of father's final resolution. The Prince Elector this day the truce in Italy. Proceedings in Scotland little takes his journey towards Paris, and hopes very regarded, but expect much trouble before this business suddenly to be placed by the French King at the head is composed. Lord Goring to be King's Vice Chamb. of Duke Bernard's army. Your small fleet was conMany believe the purpose of calling the Deputy into voyed by a vessel of His Majesty's, and is, I trust, in England is to make him Treasurer. If he quit his more safety than that which is commanded by Don employment in Ireland, hope your Lordship will succeed Antonio [Spanish admiral], though it be lodged here in him, &c. Sion, Aug. 21, 1639.

the King's chamber (the Downs). I shall be glad to 1639, Sept. 12. Sion.—Algernon, Earl of North- hear that my sister ? Leicester and her company are umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. I send you well arrived in Paris. [3 pp.) some particulars of the fight between the Spanish and 1639, Oct. 10. Windsor.-Algernon, Earl of NorthHolland fleets, by which you will see that the Spaniards umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. His Majesty's are likely to be well cudgelled before they get into Dun- designs are a little to be wondered at, that he should kirk. Lord Conway is gone with a resolution to put endanger the receiving an affront, and expose his ships himself aboard the Dutch admiral, that he may witness to much hazard, rather than command both the Spanish the entertainments that these two fleets will give one and Holland fleets out of the Downs. The King says another. Marquis Hamilton is likewise gone down to that on his return to London on Saturday next he will the Downs, but I believe with no further design than appoint a time for them to depart out of his road, which to look upon the two fleets as they lie there in the road. is all the Hollanders desire, they having above 100 sail Notwithstanding that the Spaniards so shamefully ran of men-of-war, besides fire ships. Their admiral has away, yet that King's resident here had the impudence lately sent Pennington word that they have already to write to the King that the Spanish fleet after it had had patience enough, and that they will no longer forforced the Hollanders to retire, was come into the bear, for his instructions are to destroy his enemies Downs, and desired that his Majesty would be pleased wheresoever he can find them, without exceptions of

tion for the goeing out of the ship writs for this next DUKE year. Accordingly they are preparing for above 200,0007. NORTHI

BERLAN : 1639, Nov. 16.--Certificate by William Batten to the Lord Admiral [Earl of Northumberland), of all his , Majesty's ships and pinnaces fit to go to sea the next year (1640), distinguishing such as are at Chatham, Portsmouth, or at sea, with note of such repairs as

DUKE OP

any place; and it is hourly expected that they should NORTHUMBERLAND

assault the Dons. What will become of our six ships that are there I know not, for their direction is to assist those that are assaulted. . . · The Spaniards pretended that the want of powder was a principal cause of their long stay; whereupon the Holland admiral sent to offer them 500 barrels, paying for it the usual rates, but the Spaniards would not accept of it. We have had a most lamentable St. George's feast; few knights, scarce any but boys and Scotch and Irish lords to wait upon the King; and amongst all the spectators not the face of a gentleman or woman to be seen, nor any election of a new knight, though there are three places void. Of the great removes so much talked of about a month since, I now neither hear nor believe anything, and do much fear the disorders amongst us will rather increase than be reformed: but of this you shall hear more shortly. [Draft. 3 pp.)

1639, Oct. 17. London.—Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. There are good hopes of my sister's (? Leicester) recovery. To the foreign committee His Majesty has now added Marquis Hamilton, the Earl of Strafford, and the Earl of Northumberland. Upon a proposition from the King of Denmark it has been resolved to entertain a treaty with the Emperor for the restitution of the Prince Elector. His Majesty much dissatisfied that the French have kept the treaty all this while in their hands without signing of it. The Lord Deputy [of Ireland, Straf. ford] is called to consult of, Scotch affairs with the Archbishop and Hamilton. The insolencies and disorders of that nation are greater than ever. They will now admit of no third estate in Parliament, but of the gentry. Lords of the Articles they will not allow of. nor will they suffer the King to make any officer of state or judge, but such as they shall nominate. When one of these places is void they will present three names to the King, out of whom he is to choose one. If the King refuse these demands and go about to break their Parliament, I hear they are resolved to sit without his

to site without his Majesty's leave. I much apprehend the difficulty of

n ehend the difficulty of finding means to master these great affairs, but as things proceed I shall advertise you. What has lately passed between [the Spanish and Holland] fleets, you will understand by this inclosed relation, only I will add this, that I think Pennington has behaved himself

elf basely. [2 pp.)

1639, Oct. 24. London.-Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. Anxiety for my sister's recovery. Upon Sir William Croft's return from Paris we had some speech concerning the recalling of Mr. Angier. I believe the King might easily be persuaded to give way to that part of Leicester's desire, but would reserve the entertainment for his own use. Windebank is so mean and fearful that he will not move any thing that shall be distasteful to the King. What the Earl of Northumberland says of this business will certainly be thought to proceed from the Earl of Leicester. I shall never wonder at the ill success of the Prince Elector's designs, for I think him not a man likely to act any great matters in his own person, nor by the counsel of those who are about him. A new committee is appointed, and is in daily attendance on the King, including the Archbishop [Laud ?], the Lord Treasurer, Marquis Hamilton, Lord Deputy [of Ireland, Strafford], Lord Cottington, Sir Henry Vane, Sec. Windebank, and myself [Northumberland). Most of the Spaniards who were run aground at the Downs are gotten off again, and hearing that all the Holland fleet is returned home, nine of the Spanish ships are going over to Dunkirk, where, 'tis said, the admiral, Don Antonio, finding his ship in danger of the Hollanders, took out all her ordnance and moveables, and then sunk her. [Partly in cypher. 2 pp.]

1639. Oct. 31.--Earl of Northumberland to Earl of Leicester. Easily believes the French will keep the Prince Elector under restraint till they have settled their affairs at Brissac. Late erected committee met twice or thrice. A few days will bring us to some resolutions. Till end of treaty with Mr. Treasurer, Sir Rob. Bannister refuses to hearken to any proposition of marriage for his daughter.

1639, Nov. 14.-Earl of Northumberland to Earl of Leicester. Partly in cypher.-Yours of 1st Nov. sayes, the French professe they are resolved to conclude with us if the King will breake with Spaine. At the Councel Board the King gave hearing to Chanc. of Ireland's appeal against the Deputie & councell. Never heard man answer so poorly for himself, & shall hereafter never esteeme him a wise man. The King declared his resolu

1639, Nov. 21. London:-Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. According to Prince Maurice's desire I have sent a ship to attend him at Dieppe, and he may now be in his passage towards Holland. Though Monsieur Angier denies what he wrote to Mr. Jermyn about providing to entertain the Prince Elector at Paris, yet do I confidently believe it to be true. . . . I was much surprised to understand how peremptorily the King refused the Queen to make Leicester Secretary; what the reason should be I cannot imagine, except it proceed from Archbishop (Laud], who certainly wishes not Leicester's preferment. The Lord Deputy (Strafford] is still constant in his professions to Leicester, yet told my sister this would not be obtained. The Queen of Bohemia has solicited the King to mediate for the enlargement of her son the Prince Elector. Those of the Spanish faction have endeavoured to make the King very sensible of this affront. His Majesty has resolved to send an express to you with letters to the French King, and will not hearken to any conclusion of the treaty, till his nephew be first at liberty. The envoy is to be Sec. Windebank's son, who departs hence on Saturday,

P.S.-Arssens [the Dutch ambassador) has had his first audience, which was only of ceremony. [Partly in cypher. Draft. 34 pp.]

1639, Nov. 28. London.--Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. You understand by the dispatch which Mr. Windebank carried what language we shall speak to the French for the detention of the Prince Elector; nevertheless, I believe we shall remain quiet towards foreign parts, and intend only our troubles at home, if some can get their wills who hope to make advantage by these civil dissensions. That course will altogether disenable us from undertaking any actions abroad, therefore unless the Austrians and the French be better natured than I take them for, the two brothers are likely to continue still under restraint. On Sunday, Arssens (the Dutch ambassador had a private audience of the King, when it was expected that he should have apologised for the late violation in the Downs; but I do not hear that he mentioned that particular. Arssens is here, as well as in other parts, thought a man of good abilities, yet loves to talk more sometimes than the occasion requires, which gives him an advantage here. The Scots have submitted to the King's adjournment of their Parliament, but with such a protestation as his Majesty is not satisfied. The officers of their army they still continue together at Edinburgh, and likewise keep up their several tables, where they often meet and hold consnltations for the ordering their affairs which shews that they have no disposition to obedience, except the King purchase their good wills at too dear a rate. Treguaire came to this town last night. Some of the principal directors in these Scottish businesses think he has much disserved his Majesty in this last assembly and parliament, &c. [Draft. 2 pp.) • 1639, Dec. 5. London.-Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. It is a shame the secretaries are so negligent in advertising you (Leicester) of all that passes, but till amongst many other reformations the King be served by abler men in those places, I know not how this fault will be remedied unless it should be taken notice of as from you, and then it would for ever make them your enemies. Your dispatches have weekly been read at the Foreign committee ever since my coming thither, and in them the chief business was concerning the detention of the Prince Elector. Last week the French ambassador told the King from his master that he very earnestly desired to understand what were the Prince Elector's designs; to which the King replied that he very much desired to hear why the French King had put his nephew into such a condition, as it might be fit for him to acquaint him with the Elector's intentions. This demand and the King's answer were both in writing, for he has resolved not to receive propositions from the ministers of princes or states but in writing. Young Windebank had direction to visit the Cardinal, and some other private instructions more than was resolved at the Foreign Committee. I never heard nor can believe that there is any thought of removing Leicester to

IKB OY
EIHUN-
RLAND.

make way for Fielding. Sec. Coke is now very little any resolution concerning our treaties with France and DUKE OP acquainted with the affairs of this Court, therefore I Holland. The truth is, we think so much upon reduc

NORTHUM

BERLAND.
believe what Weckerlin wrote to Angier concerning ing Scotland to obedience, that other matters of no
Prince Maurice applying himself to the sea, is not to less importance are wholly neglected. Many consulta-
be regarded. There is not a person in this Court more tions are held for our military preparations against the
Spanish than the Lord Deputy [Strafford] in all his next summer; a mighty army is intended for the north,
ways, which is fit you should know, that accordingly but no man knows how it will be paid. If the Parlia-
you may govern yourself towards him. The Queen ment supply not the King, of which I fear there is
and Hamilton have lately been at so great a distance too much uncertainty, and till I see that settled I shall
that for some weeks no words passed betwixt them; a joy but little in my charge. The command proposed
reconciliation is now made, and Hamilton has thereby the Lord Deputy [of Ireland, Strafford] for Lord
upon given Henry Jermyn the free disposing of all the Lisle is a regiment of 500 horse in this army. If I
places under his charge. This day the whole council have anything to do with the army I shall be very glad
is to attend the King, to advise upon his present affairs, of Lord Lisle's company, and will be ready to serve
and to hear what he has been consulting with the com- him in that condition that may be most agreeable to
mittee, whereof I may the next week be at liberty to you. The Lord Keeper is dangerously ill of the stone
give you some account. [Draft, partly in cypher. and strangury, accompanied with a fever; neither
3 pp.)

King nor people are at this present well satisfied with
1639, Dec. 5. London.-Algernon, Earl of North- him, and yet I assure you I think both would have a
umberland, to his sister, the Countess of Leicester. loss if he should die. I pray you to procure for me
Conversation with Sir Robert Bannester touching a a French book, the title of which I send inclosed, as I
proposition of marriage between Bannister's daughter cannot get it in England. [2 pp.)
and the Earl of Leicester's son. If Leicester should [1639 ?].-Copy of the oath taken by the peers at-
settle 5,0001. a year upon his son, Bannister replied his 'tending the great council at York. [p.]
daughter might be worth forty, perhaps fifty, thousand (1639 P].-Reasons shewing the nullity of some pre-
pounds. The King and Queen have begun to practise tended assemblies [of the Presbyteries of Scotland], as
their mask. A company of worse faces did I never see those held at Leith in 1606 and 1608, at Glasgow in
assembled than the Queen has got together upon this 1610, at Aberdeen in 1616, at St. Andrew's in 1617, and
occasion; not one new woman amongst them. Lady at Perth in 1618. 14 pp.)
Carnarvon conditioned, before she would promise to be 1639.--List of the fleet for the year 1639, giving the
of the mask, that it should not be danced upon a Sun- names of the ships and their respective commanders.
day, for she is grown so devout by conversing with [å p.]
Lord Powis and the doctor that now she will neither (1639].-Petition of the master, wardens, and assist-
dance nor see a play upon the Sabbath. I assure you ants of the Trinity House to Algernon, Earl of North-
their Majesties are not less busy now than formerly you umberland, Lord High Admiral. The navigation of
have seen them at the like exercise. The writer is in his Majesty's kingdoms is increased within these 30
treaty with the Earl of Newport for the purchase of his years ten to one, and in the same proportion also the
house. 24 pp.)

casualties at sea, insomuch that many hundreds of your
1639, Dec. 9.-Certificate by the officers of the navy loyal subjects present themselves before us, disabled
of such special provisions as are necessary to be always from work, and having lost all. Pray Northumberland
in store, by way of a magazine for the supply of the to move his Majesty that a contribution (here stated)
navy. [1 p.]

be exacted from all seamen serving in merchant voyages
1639, Dec. 16. Berwick-upon-Tweed.-A list made from and to the Thames, &c. [1 p.)
out by George Payler, paymaster, of the commanders, 1639.-Estimate, signed by the officers of the navy,
officers, and soldiers in garrison at Berwick-upon- of the charge of the Navy Office House in Mincing
Tweed. [3 pp.)

Lane for the four years, 1635–1638. Medium of the
1639, Dec. 19. London.-Algernon, Earl of North four years, 4961. 18. 6d. (p.]
umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. The express 1639.-Certificate of the officers of the navy to the
sent to Spain with the news of the defeat of their fleet, Lord High Admiral, signifying their opinion concern-
returned to this Court some days since, and on Sundaying the use of galleys in the river Medway. As also
the dispatches brought by him from Sir Arthur Hopeton the use and fittest place for a chain or baracado for the
were communicated to the Foreign Committee. The new safeguard of his Majesty's navy there. [2 pp.]
much troubled the Spaniards, but the Count Oliverez 1639.-Note of the proportion of victuals required
told our ambassador that if our King would be sensible for every seaman, on flesh and fish days respectively.
of the affront done to him in this action, the King of [1 p.]
Spain would rest well satisfied, and not at all regard 1639. - Propositions, in the form of articles, by
the loss of those ships, for the next year they intended William Rainborowe, suggesting that 1,000 pieces of
to have five times as many in these seas as were in that ordnance, with carriages, &c., be kept in readiness to
fleet. Arssens (the Dutch ambassador] since my last arm 100 collier ships which may fight with a great
writing has excused the carriage of their admiral in army. Stating their superiority to merchant ships for
the Downs, and also pressed for an answer to his other this service. (1 p.)
propositions, which were only in general expressing 1639.- Rules and regulations for the guidance of
their desire for a continuance of our friendship, and vice-admirals, by Sir Henry Martin's advice, suggest-
professing that they will rather seek protection from ing various alterations in their emoluments and duties.
us than from any other nation, and therefore for the [1 p.]
public good would enter into a straight league with us. 1639.-Names of such lords and owners of land as
The King is gone to Theobalds, but on his return pur- claim goods cast on shoar, and wrecks upon their several
poses to come to some final resolution concerning these royalties, along the coast of Sussex, from west to east.
treaties that have been so long in suspense. The King is [2 pp.
now more disposed to conclude with France and Holland 1639.--Suggestions for the Lord High Admiral con-
that I have ever known him, though most of the Junta cerning the port towns on the coast of Suffolk claiming
are in Spain. Cardinal de Richelieu has clearly told admiralty jurisdiction, with the names of all such places
our little ambassador that they will no longer be amused reckoned from Yarmouth towards London. [13 p.]
with the King's neutrality, therefore he must now 1639.—Notes or extracts touching the introduction
either declare, or they will take such other ways as of bishops into Scotland, and other innovations for
they conceive best for their affairs. The King had government of the church there. [1 p.]
declared to Northumberland that if he employ an army, 1639.—Speech delivered by the Earl of Traquair at
he, Northumberland, shall be general; but this is yet the Assembly of the Scottish Kirk in 1639, as Commis-
only conjectured by the world, and therefore not to be sioner from the King, signifying his Majesty's assent
taken notice of to any but my sister. I shall endeavour [to the Act abolishing episcopacy ?]. Begins, If any
to give all the encouragement I can to that design of think Iconceive any thanks due to me, “I protest nothing
the Lord Craven, but suspect he will never dispose of " at all, for I act nothing but the part of an echo, for
himself that way. The captain tells me that he has " this employment came upon me by my Lord Hamil-
given you an exact account how gallantly the counsel “ton's work."' [Preceding the speech is a brief sketch
lors have supplied the King. I pray God the Parlia of the proceedings of the Assembly on that occasion.]
ment do their parts as well, for then I shall not doubt [24 pp.]
but it will have a good conclusion. [Partly in cypher... (1639 P]. - Report [made to his Majesty ?] of the
3 p.)

numerical strength and organization of the forces, both
1639, Dec. 26, London.--Algernon, Earl of North horse and foot, to be raised for the defence of Berwick-
umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. Absence of upon-Tweed and Carlisle respectively, &c. [2 pp.]
the King for some days. The King is not yet come to 1639.--Lists specifying the names, rank, and regi-

DUKE OF NOBTHUY BERLAID.

BERLAND.

Duke or ments to which attached, of all officers serving in his P.S.-The French ambassador intends to part from
NORTHUM., Majesty's army in the north under the Earl of Arundel hence on Sunday next, and Arssens finds so many delays
in 1639. 16 pp., of which 8 blank.]

that he grows weary of his stay here, and has as much
(1639 PT.-Brief historical sketch of the imposition desire as the other to return into his own country.
of ship money in the reign of Charles I., followed by [Partly in cypher. 3 pp.]
an extract from the “ Island Princess,” of eight lines, 1639-40, Jan. 22.–Table shewing the rate of wages
commencing-

payable to the officers and soldiers belonging to the
Kings are but glorious slaves controlled by odds, garrison of Berwick. Total charge of the garrison for
The priests, the people, and the greater gods.

the year, 22,2681. 38. 4d. Underwritten, The Go[1 p.]

vernor's pay or entertainment was not as yet settled,
In this volume are some other letters and papers on and therefore not herein expressed, nor the charge of
navy matters.

the fortifications, or other emergent occasions incident
to the garrison.-George Payler. [2 pp.)

1639-40, Jan. 30. London. - Algernon, Earl of
VOL. XV.

Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. Within

these few days it has been reported here that the Prince
1640–1641.

Elector was presently to be enlarged. If it be upon
1639-40, Jan. 9. London.--Algernon, Earl of North those conditions offered to your Lordship, and expressed
umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. I have lately in your despatch, they will never be consented unto
heard a rumour in this town of a quarrel between Mr. here, although the overture had come first from the
Cecil and one of your servants. ... Conversation French, which it seems now they absolutely disavow.
with the King regarding it. (The Earl of Northum- The King believes not his nephew so fond of liberty as
berland married the Lady Anne, daughter of William that he will descend to satisfy that state by denying to
Cecil, Earl of Salisbury.) On Sunday the King declared have had any design of getting the command of part
to the council his purpose of employing me (North- of the “Waymarian” army; and that you should in
umberland) in the north if he should be necessitated to his Majesty's name engage yourself for his stay about
send an army into those parts. By next week I shall the Court of France is held a most unreasonable de-
be able to let you see an establishment of all the pays mand, there appearing all this while no cause unto the
in the army, and then you will better judge than I can world for his long detention. We are sending more
what the charge of those commanders of horse is likely powder over to Dunkirk, convoyed by the ship that is
to be; but some of us who desire to be good husbands to fetch the Marquis de Velada. How it will pass into
for the King have set the common horsemen at so low that port I know not, for at this time the Hollanders
a rate, that I doubt those troops will not so easily be have 40 sail watching there for the coming forth of the
raised as some of them imagine. You were not mis fleet that is from thence bound for Spain; in our pre-
taken in the captain's (Lord Lisley's) figures, where he sent condition the breaking with any of our powerful
writes to you that I lend the King but 5,0001. ; the neighbours is conceived dangerous. I pray God. we
reason why I do so is that I believe the King would not run not more hazard by the neutrality unto which most
expect from me (whose house has in these latter ages of us here do incline. The establishment for the pays
received little or no advantage from the Crown) the of the King's army are now resolved of. (The rates
like assistance that he may do from those persons that and mode of pay are given.) I hope you will see no
have raised fortunes by his favours, or hold beneficial cause to alter your purpose of accepting this command
places under him. In sounding the Lord Deputy, as for Lord Lisle if it may be obtained. 3 pp.]
you directed, I find him right set towards Leicester, 1639-40, Feb. 6: London.--Algernon, Earl of North-
else he deceives me. He says that he much doubts umberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. The Earl of
your getting to be secretary ; but in that, or anything Salisbury was much troubled at some words you spake
else that shall happen, he will do all he can for Leices- to Mr. Marrott on the occasion of his coming to you
ter. He tells me that the Archbishop's exception to to solicit you for Mr. Cecill's enlargement, which, as I
Leicester is for not using Scudamore well. The Arch- remember, were to this purpose, that if he did not
bishop has a particular kindness and care of him; yet acknowledge his fault you would make him repent it,
do I not think him near any present preferment. The and that in spight of his teeth you would have satis-
news of the Marquis De Velada's coming into England, faction from him, and in despight of all his friends :
and the return of M. de Belliedre is true, as you heard this Salisbury understands to reflect upon him who had
in Paris. The King is daily so employed about the given you no cause of offence. On Saturday last the
mask as, till that be over, we shall think of little else; seals were delivered to Mr. Treasurer, and the day
yet am I still of my former opinion that we shall not following he was sworn secretary. The Queen's solici-
fall out with Holland; but the Lord Admiral's con- tation has much furthered that business, but certainly
ferences with the ambassador of Holland has nothing no money has been employed either to H. Germain or
conduced to it. [Partly in cypher. 3 pp.]

to anybody else upon this occasion. The affairs of
1639-40, Jan. 16. London. - Algernon, Earl of France, Germany, Holland, and the parts in the Baltic,
Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester. Refers are put into Mr. Treasurer's hands. The other affairs
to his letter of Jan. 9th. The day after my sending of Spain, Flanders, and Italy are committed to Winde-
away this letter we were all here surprised with the bank. . Thus the old man, through his own wilfulness
news that the King had employed the Lord Treasurer and the peevishness of others, is turned quite out of all
to Sec. Coke to let him know that by reason of his age his employments. . . . Sir Thos. Lucas is parting with
he found him not able to discharge as he ought the his troop, and coming to settle in Ireland. I have
business incident to the place he held, but if he would already moved the King to recommend Lord Lisle to
willingly resign, his Majesty should take it well at his the Prince of Orange, and I make no question of pro-
hands, and be ready in some other occasion to shew curing the request if it have your approbation. I do
him favour; this was accordingly delivered by the not think we shall fall out with France, or that your
Lord Treasurer, and immediately submitted unto by Lordship is in danger of being recalled, but the pay-
the old noddie. Thus far it proceeded without the know. ments I fear will be uncertain. The Lord Deputy, I do
ledge of the Archbishop, Hamilton, the Lieutenant of verily believe, will contribute all he can towards obtain-
Ireland, or any other minister in this court, nor had the ing some consideration for Leicester; but the time is
Lord Treasurer any guess for whom the place was in 80 unfortunate that I have small hopes of procuring
tended. The day following Coke made his complaints any moneys out of the King's coffers. His wants are
to the Lieutenant of Ireland, and then it began to so great, and the businesses that he is plunged into so
break out that Mr. Treasurer Vane was the man many, that I foresee neither he nor his ministers will
designed to be secretary. Much labouring there has know how to master them, unless the Parliament be more
been to cross him in it, but the King is so far engaged liberal in their supplies to the King than they have
that I doubt he will not be wrought off. If possible ever been since my time, &c.
that can be done, I have better hopes than ever that it P.S.-Mr. Treasurer would not accept of the secre-
will be obtained for Leicester; for the Lord Admiral tary's place until he was assured of holding his white
doth assure you of the Lord Deputy's using the utter- staff also. [4 pp.]
most of his power. If the Archbishop had heretofore 1639-40, Feb. 14. London. – Algernon, Earl of
been as well inclined to assist Leicester as now I hear Northumberland, to Robert, Earl of Leicester, ... The
he is, the business had long since been out of all danger. want of money is so great that we cannot encourage
In this mind towards Leicester the Earl of Northum- you to try the helping of your fortune by a petition of
berland will study as much as in him lies to continue that nature as you intend, when no servant of the
them; a few days will shew the events. This afternoon King's can get either pension or wages paid. Our new
Finch was resolved of to succeed the Keeper in that secretary is taking care that your Lordship, and such
office.

other ministers of the King's as are employed abroad,

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