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tions as are or may be imposed lawfully upon other members of such board, and as are or may be imposed lawfully upon a cooperative association of producers engaged in cash commodity business, unless such board of trade is authorized by the commission to exclude such association or corporation from membership and privileges after hearing held upon at least three days' notice subsequent to the filing of complaint by the board of trade: Provided, however, That if any such association or corporation shall fail to meet its obligations with any established clearing house or clearing agency of any contract market, such association or corporation shall be ipso facto debarred from further trading on such contract market, except such trading as may be necessary to close open trades and to discharge existing contracts in accordance with the rules of such contract market applicable in such cases. Such commission may prescribe that such association or corporation shall have and retain membership and privileges, with or without imposing conditions, or it may permit such board of trade immediately to bar such association or corporation from membership and privileges. Any order of said commission entered hereunder shall be reviewable by the circuit court of appeals for the circuit in which such association or corporation, or such board of trade, has its principal place of business, on written petition either of such association or corporation, or of such board of trade, under the procedure provided in section 8 of this title, but such order shall not be stayed by the court pending review.

(2) No rule of any board of trade designated as a contract market shall forbid or be construed to forbid the payment of compensation on a commodity-unit basis, or otherwise, by any federated cooperative association to its regional member-associations for services rendered or to be rendered in connection with any organization work, educational activity, or procurement of patronage, provided no part of any such compensation is returned to patrons (whether members or nonmembers) of such cooperative association, or of its regional or local member-associations, otherwise than as a dividend on capital stock or as a patronage dividend out of the net earnings or surplus of such federated cooperative association. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, $ 6a, as added June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 9, 49 Stat. 1499.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

8 11. Vacation on request of designation as "contract market”; redesignation. Any board of trade that has been designated a contract market in the manner provided in this chapter may have such designation vacated and set aside by giving notice in writing to the Secretary of Agriculture requesting that its designation as a contract market be vacated, which notice shall be served at least ninety days prior to the date named therein as the date when the vacation of designation shall take effect. Upon receipt of such notice the Secretary of Agriculture shall forthwith order the vacation of the designation of such board of trade as a contract market, effective upon the day named in the notice, and

shall forthwith send a copy of the notice and his order to all other contract markets. From and after the date upon which the vacation became effective the said board of trade can theerafter be designated again a contract market by making applications to the Secretary of Agriculture in the manner in this chapter provided for an original application. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 7, 42 Stat. 1002.)

§ 12. Investigations and reports by Secretary, generally.For the efficient execution of the provisions of this chapter, and in order to provide information for the use of Congress, the Secretary of Agriculture may make such investigations as he may deem necessary to ascertain the facts regarding the operations of boards of trade, whether prior or subsequent to the enactment of this chapter, and may publish from time to time, in his discretion, the result of such investigation and such statistical information gathered therefrom as he may deem of interest to the public, except data and information which would separately disclose the business transactions of any person and trade secrets or names of customers: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the Secretary of Agriculture from making or issuing such reports as he may deem necessary relative to the conduct of any board of trade or of the transactions of any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this chapter under the procedings prescribed in sections 8-10, 15 of this title: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture in any report may include the facts as to any actual transaction. The Secretary of Agriculture, upon his own initiative or in cooperation with existing governmental agencies, shall investigate marketing conditions of commodities and commodity products and byproducts, including supply and demand for these commodities, cost to the consumer, and handling and transportation charges. He shall likewise compile and furnish to producers, consumers, and distributors, by means of regular or special reports, or by such methods as he may deem most effective, information respecting the commodity markets, together with information on supply, demand, prices, and other conditions in this and other countries that affect the markets. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 8, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 2, 49 Stat. 1491.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 12a. Registration of commission merchants and brokers; fees; rules and regulations; publication of harmful acts.The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized

(1) to register futures commission merchants and floor brokers upon application in accordance with rules and regulations and in form and manner to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; and

(2) to refuse to register any person if such person has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or any of the rules or regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture hereunder for which the registration of such person has been su

spended (and the period of such suspension shall not have expired) or has been revoked; and

(3) to suspend or revoke the registration of any futures commission merchant who shall knowingly accept any order for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market from any person if such person has been denied trading privileges on any contract market by order of the Secretary of Agriculture under the provisions of section 9 of this title and the period of denial specified in such order shall not have expired; and

(4) to fix and establish from time to time fees and charges for registrations and renewals thereof and for copies of registration certificates, not to exceed $10 for each such registration, renewal, or copy; and

(5) to make and promulgate such rules and regulations as in, the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture, are reasonably necessary to effectuate any of the provisions or to accomplish any of the purposes of this chapter; and

(6) to communicate to the proper committee or officer of any contract market and to publish, notwithstanding the provisions of section 12 of this title, the full facts concerning any transaction or market operation, including the names of parties thereto, which in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture disrupts or tends to disrupt any market or is otherwise harmful or against the best interests of producers and consumers. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 8a, as added June 15, 1936, ch. 545, $ 10, 49 Stat. 1500.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

$ 13. Violations generally; false reports; punishment.---Any person who shall violate the provisions of section 6, section 6a, section 6b, section 6c, section 6d, section 6e, section 6h, or section 6i of this title, or who shall manipulate or attempt to manipulate the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, or for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any board of trade, or who shall corner or attempt to corner any such commodity, or who shall fail to evidence any contract mentioned in section 6 of this title by a record in writing as therein required, or who shall knowingly or carelessly deliver or cause to be delivered for tranmission through the mails or in interstate commerce by telegraph, telephone, wireless, or other means of communication false or misleading or knowingly inaccurate reports concerning crop or market information or conditions that affect or tend to affect the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year; or both, together with the costs of prosecution. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, $ 9, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, ch. 545, $$ 2, 11, 49 Stat. 1491, 1501.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 13a. Violations, orders to desist; penalty for refusal to obey order.-If any board of trade, or any director, officer, agent, or

employee of any board of trade is violating or has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or any of the rules or regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture thereunder, or any order issued by the commission pursuant to any provision of this chapter, the commission, in lieu of revoking the designation of such board of trade as a "contract market" may, upon notice and hearing and subject to appeal as in other cases provided for in section 8 of this title, make and enter an order directing that such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall cease and desist from such violation or violations, and if such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee, thereafter and after the lapse of the period allowed for appeal of such order or after the affirmance of such order, shall fail or refuse to obey or comply with such order, such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not less than six months nor more than one year, or both. Each day during which such failure or refusal to obey such order continues shall be deemed a separate offense. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 6b, as added June 15, 1936, ch. 545, S 9, 49 Stat. 1500.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 15. Provisions of Interstate Commerce Act made applicable. -For the purpose of securing effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter, the provisions, including penalties, of sections 12, 46, 47, and 48 of Title 49, as amended and supplemented relating to the attendance and testimony of witnesses, the production of documentary evidence, and the immunity of witnesses, are made applicable to the power, jurisdiction, and authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, the said commission, and said referee in proceedings under this chapter, and to persons subject to its provisions. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 6 (b), 42 Stat, 1001; June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 8 (e)-(g), 49 Stat. 1499.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

16. Cooperation by Secretary with other agencies, Government, State, etc.; appointment, removal, and compensation of officers and agents; expenses; appropriation.---The Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or poltical subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this chapter in the District of Columbia and elsewhere; and there are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

such suins as may be necessary for such purposes. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, $ 12, 42 Stat. 1003.)

$ 17. Effect of partial invalidity of chapter-If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 10, 42 Stat. 1003.)

§ 17a. Effect of partial invalidity.-If any provision of the act of June 15, 1936, ch. 545, 49 Stat. 1491, which amends this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the provisions of the section of this chapter which is amended by such provision of said act shall apply to such person or circumstances. No proceeding shall be abated by reason of any amendment to this chapter made by said act but shall be disposed of pursuant to said act. (June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 12, 49 Stat. 1501.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

Chapter 2.-COTTON STANDARDS ACT § 51. Short title of chapter. This chapter shall be known by the short title of "United States Cotton Standards Act." (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, § 1, 42 Stat. 1517.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 14 of act March 4, 1923, cited to text, provided that the act should become effective on or after August 1, 1923.

§ 51a. Extension of classification facilities to cotton growers.The Secretary of Agriculture is requested to extend to cotton growers facilities for the classification of cotton authorized in this chapter, with such supervision of licensed classifiers as he shall deem necessary under authority of chapter 14 of Title 26. (Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 284, § 1, 47 Stat. 1621.)

§ 51b. Licensing samplers; revocation and suspension of license. Further to carry out the purposes of this chapter the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue to any qualified person, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, a license to sample cotton. Any such license may be suspended or revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever he is satisfied that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly sampled cotton improperly, or has violated any provision of said chapter or the regulations thereunder so far as the same may relate to him, or has used his license, or allowed it to be used, for any improper purpose.

The Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe by regulation the conditions under which licenses may be issued hereunder, and may require any licensed sampler to give bond for the faithful performance of his duties and for the protection of persons affected thereby and may prescribe the conditions under which cotton shall be sampled by licensed samplers for the purpose of classification by officers of the Department of Agriculture, or by licensed cotton classifiers. (Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 284, § 47 Stat. 1621.)

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