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lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jack rabbits, and other animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game animals, furbearing animals, and birds, and for the protection of stock and other domestic animals through the suppression of rabies and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals; and to conduct campaigns for the destruction or control of such animals: Provided, That in carrying out the provisions of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with States, individuals, and public and private agencies, organizations; and institutions. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, 8.1, 46 Stat. 1468.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions of Secretary of Agriculture administered through the Bureau of Biological Survey, relating to conservation of wildlife, game, and migratory birds were transferred to Secretary of Interior by Reorg. Plan

No. II, § 4 (f), effective July 1, 1939, set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. See also sections 401-404 of said plan for provisions relating to transfer of functions, records, property, personnel, and funds.

§ 426a. Same; appropriations.—In order to carry out the provisions of section 426 of this title there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the fiscal year 1932, a sum not to exceed $1,000,000, including the amount appropriated in the annual appropriation Act for the Department of Agriculture, and for the succeeding nine fiscal years from 1933 to 1941, inclusive, not to exceed $1,000,000 each year, in accordance with the ten-year program for the eradication, suppression, or bringing under control of predatory and other injurious wild animals as outlined in House Document Numbered 496, second session, Seventieth Congress. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, $ 2, 46 Stat. 1469.)

§ 426b. Same; expenditures; execution of functions by Secretary.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such expenditures for equipment, supplies, and materials, including the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and to employ such means as may be necessary to execute the functions imposed upon him by section 426 of this title. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, $ 3, 46 Stat. 1469.)

8 427. Agricultural research; duties of Secretary of Agriculture.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct research into laws and principles underlying basic problems of agriculture in its broadest aspects; research relating to the improvement of the quality of, and the development of new and improved methods of production of, distribution of, and new and extended uses and markets for, agricultural commodities and by products and manufactures thereof; and research relating to the conservation, development, and use of land and water resources for agricultural purposes. Research authorized under this section shall be in addition to research provided for under existing law (but both activities shall be coordinated so far as practicable) and shall be conducted by such agencies of the Department of Agriculture as the Secretary may designate or establish. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 1, 49 Stat. 436.)

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§ 427a. Same; research by experiment stations.—The Secretary is also authorized and directed to encourage research similar to that authorized under section 427 of this title to be conducted by agricultural experiment stations established or which may hereafter be established in pursuance of section 362 of this title, by the allotment and payment as provided in section 427d of this title to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories for the use of such experiment stations of sums appropriated therefor pursuant to sections 427-427g of this title. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 2, 49 Stat. 437.)

CROSS REFERENCE Agricultural experiment stations, see section 361 et seq. of this title.

§ 427b. Same; appropriation.-For the purposes of sections 427-427g of this title there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $1,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning after June 29, 1935, and for each of the four fiscal years thereafter $1,000,000 more than the amount authorized for the preceding fiscal year, and $5,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter. Moneys appropriated in pursuance of sections 427-427g of this title shall also be available for the purchase and rental of land and the construction of buildings necessary for conducting research provided for in sections 427-427g of this title, for the equipment and maintenance of such buildings, and for printing and disseminating the results of research. Sums appropriated in pursuance of sections 427-427g of this title shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, appropriations for research or other activities of the Department of Agriculture and sums appropriated or otherwise made available for agricultural experiment stations. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 3, 49 Stat. 437.)

§ 427c. Same; allocation of appropriation for purposes of section 427; "Special research fund, Department of Agriculture."Forty per centum of the sum approriated for any fiscal year under section 427b of this title shall be available for the purposes of section 427 of this title: Provided, That not to exceed 2 per centum of the sums appropriated may be used for the administration of section 427d of this title. The sums available for the purposes of section 427_of this title shall be designated as the "Special research fund, Department of Agriculture", and no part of such special fund shall be used for the prosecution of research heretofore instituted or for the prosecution of any new research project except upon approval in writing by the Secretary. Onehalf of such special research fund shall be used by the Secretary for the establishment and maintenance of research laboratories and facilities in the major agricultural regions at places selected by him and for the prosecution, in accordance with section 427 of this title, of research at such laboratories. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, 8 4, 49 Stat. 437.)

8 427d. Same; allocation of appropriation for purposes of section 427a.—(a) Sixty per centum of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year under section 427b of this title shall be available for the purposes of section 427a of this title. The Secretary shall

allot, for each fiscal year for which an appropriation is made, to Puerto Rico and each State and Territory an amount which bears the same ratio to the total amount to be allotted as the rural population of Peurto Rico or the State or Territory bears to the rural population of Puerto Rico and all the States and Territories as determined by the last preceding decennial census. No allotment and no payment under any allotment shall be made for any fiscal year in excess of the amount which Puerto Rico or the State or Territory makes available for such fiscal year out of its own funds for research and for the establishment and maintenance of necessary facilities for the prosecution of such research. If Puerto Rico or any State or Territory fails to make available for such purposes for any fiscal year a sum equal to the total amount to which it may be entitled for such year, the remainder of such amount shall be withheld by the Secretary. The total amount so withheld may be allotted by the Secretary of Agriculture to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories which make available for such year an amount equal to that part of the total amount withheld which may be allotted to them by the Secretary of Agriculture, but no such additional allotment to Puerto Rico or any State or Territory shall exceed the original allotment to Pureto Rico or such State or Territory for that year by more than 20 per centum thereof.

(b) The sums authorized to be allotted to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories shall be paid annually in quarterly payments on July 1, October 1, January 1, and April 1. Such sums shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury upon warrant of the Secretary of Agriculture in the same manner and subject to the same administrative procedure set forth in sections 362, 363, 365, 368-368c, 377-379 of this title.

(c) In order to prevent reduced allotments because of changes in relative rural populations, $63,708 of the funds appropriated for any fiscal year and available for the purposes of this section shall be available for allotment during the fiscal year in the same amount and to the same States and Territories which received allotments from such appropriation in the fiscal year 1942. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 5, 49 Stat. 437; Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, $ 105, 58 Stat. 735.)

AMENDMENTS 1944–Subsec. (c) added by act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text.

CODIFICATION This section was amended by the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

§ 427e. Same; “Territory" defined. As used in sections 427427g of this title the term "Territory" means Alaska and Hawaii. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 6, 49 Stat. 438.)

§ 427f. Same; rules and regulations.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out sections 343c, 343d and 427-427g of this title. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 7, 49 Stat, .

§ 427g. Same; right to repeal, amend, etc., reserved.—The right to alter, amend, or appeal sections 343c, 343d and 427-427f of this title is expressly reserved. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 8, 49 Stat. 438.)

§ 428. Option to purchase lands.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend from appropriations available for the purchase of lands not to exceed $1 for each option to purchase any particular tract or tracts of land. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 532.)

CROSS REFERENCES Adjustment of title to lands under jurisdiction of Secretary of Agriculture, see section 567 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

§ 429. Improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with State authorities in the administration of regulations for the improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries. (Sept 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (b), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 430. Purchasing and testing of serums or analogous products; dissemination of test results.-The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase in the open market from applicable appropriations samples of all tuberculin, serums, antitoxins, or analogous products, of foreign or domestic manufacture, which are sold in the United States, for the detection, prevention, treatment, or cure of diseases of domestic animals, test the same, and disseminate the results of said tests in such manner as he may deem best. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (d), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 431. Purchase of tags, labels, stamps, and certificates. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend appropriations for meat inspection for the purchase of printed tags, labels, stamps, and certificates without regard to existing laws applicable to public printing. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (f), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 432. Purchase of cultures for soil and fertilizer investigations. The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase from applicable appropriations cultures in the open market for use in connection with soil and fertilizer investigations. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 104, 58 Stat. 735.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

Chapter 18.-COOPERATIVE MARKETING ACT

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS AND CHANGES IN NAMES Ex. ORD. No. 5200. TRANSFER OF DIVISION OF COOPERATIVE MARKETING TO

THE FEDERAL FARM BOARD

Promulgated Oct. 1, 1929 I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, under the authority conferred upon me by paragraph (e) of Section 13 of Agricultural Marketing Act approved June 15, 1929, entitled "An Act To establish a Federal Farm Board to promote the effective merchandising of agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce, and to place agriculture on a basis of economic equality with other industries,” and by virtue of all other powers thereto me enabling, do hereby transfer from the Department of Agriculture to the jurisdiction and control of Federal Farm Board the whole of the Division of Cooperative Marketing in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture, all functions pertaining to the work and services of such division, its records, property, including office equipment, personnel, and unexpended balances of appropriation, pertaining to such work or services. The Division of Cooperative Marketing above referred to is created and authorized by "An Act To create a division of cooperative marketing in the Department of Agriculture; to provide for the acquisition and dissemination of information pertaining to cooperation; to promote the knowledge of cooperative principles and practices; to provide for calling advisers to counsel with the Secretary of Agriculture on cooperative activities; to authorize cooperative associations to acquire, intornret, and disseminate crop and market information, and for other purposes”, approved July 2, 1926. The transfer above mentioned shall be eifective from and including October 1st, 1929. Ex. ORD. No. 6034. REORGANIZING AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGENCIES OF THE

UNITED STATES

Promulgated Mar. 27, 1933 Whereas sections 401 and 403 of Title IV of Part II of the Legislative Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1933, as amended by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1933, provide:

Sec. 401. The Congress hereby declares that a serious emergency exists by reason of the general economic depression; that it is imperative to reduce drastically governmental expenditures; and that such reduction may be accomplished in great measure by proceeding immediately under the provisions of this title.

Accordingly, the President shall investigate the present organization of all executive and administrative agencies of the Government and hall determine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes:

(a) To reduce expenditures to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government.

(b) To increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government to the fullest extent practicable within the revenues;

(c) To group, coordinate, and consolidate executive and administrative agencies of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major ourposes;

(d) To reduce the number of such agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and by abolishing such agencies

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