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(b) The Textile Alliance, Incorporated, is hereby authorized to pay to the corporation the amounts payable in accordance with the arrangement between the Textile Alliance, Incorporated, and the Department of State, in lieu of paying such amounts into the United States Treasury; except that any amounts payable in accordance with such arrangement, and paid into the United States Treasury before June 10, 1930, are authorized to be appropriated to the credit of the corporation. Upon the receipt by the corporation of such amounts the liability of the Textile Alliance, Incorporated, under such arrangement shall be extinguished. (June 10, 1930, ch. 440, § 3, 46 Stat. 539.)

$ 504. Same; powers.—The corporation-
(a) Shall have perpetual succession;
(b) May sue and be sued;
(c) May adopt a corporate seal and alter it at pleasure;
(d) May adopt and alter bylaws;
(e) May appoint officers and agents;

(f) May acquire by purchase, devise, bequest, gift, or otherwise, and hold, encumber, convey, or otherwise dispose of, such real and personal property as may be necessary or appropriate for its corporate purposes;

(g) May invest and reinvest the principal and interest of its funds; and

(h) Generally, may do any and all lawful acts necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes for which the corporation is created. (June 10, 1930, ch. 440, § 4, 46 Stat. 540.)

§ 505. Same; report to Congress.—The corporation shall, on or before the 1st day of December in each year, transmit to Congress and to the President a report of its proceedings and activities for the preceding calendar year, including a detailed statement of its receipts and expenditures. Such reports shall not be printed as public documents. (June 10, 1930, ch. 440, § 5, 46 Stat. 540.)

§ 506. Same; amendment and repeal.—The right to alter, amend, or repeal sections 501-505 of this title is hereby expressly reserved. (June 10, 1930, ch. 440, § 6, 46 Stat. 540.)

RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORATION 8 601. Reconstruction Finance Corporation; creation; office and branches; citation of act.—There is hereby created a body corporate with the name “Reconstruction Finance Corporation” (in this chapter called the “corporation"). The principal office of the corporation shall be located in the District of Columbia, but there may be established agencies or branch offices in any city or cities of the United States under rules and regulations prescribed by the board of directors. Sections 601-604, 605, 606-606b, 606g, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614-616, and 617 of this title may be cited as the “Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act.” (Jan. 22, 1932, ch. 8, § 1, 47 Stat. 5.)

8 602. Capital stock; amount; subscription by United States; payments; loans or advances to farmers; retirement of stock.-The corporation shall have capital stock of $500,000,000, sub

scribed by the United States of America, payment for which shall be subject to call in whole or in part by the board of directorors of the corporation.

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money to the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $500,000,000, for the purpose of making payments upon such subscription when called: Provided, That $50,000,000 of the amount so subscribed, and the expansion of same through the notes, debentures, bonds, or other obligations as set out in section 609 of this title (as in force prior to July 21, 1932) shall be allocated and made available to the Secretary of Agriculture, which sum, or so much thereof as may be necessary, shall be expended by the Secretary of Agriculture for the purpose of making loans or advances to farmers in the several States of the United States in cases where he finds that an emergency exists as a result of which farmers are unable to obtain loans for crop production during the year 1932: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall give preference in making such loans or advances to farmers who suffered from crop failures in 1931. Such advances or loans shall be made upon such terms and conditions and sub

ject to such regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture shall pre•scribe. A first lien on all crops growing, or to be planted and

grown, shall, in the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, be deemed sufficient security for such loan or advance. All such loans or advances shall be made through such agencies as the Secretary of Agriculture may designate, and in such amounts as such agencies, with the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture, may determine. Any person who shall knowingly make any material false representation for the purpose of obtaining an ad-, vance or loan, or in assisting in obtaining such advance or loan under this section, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1,000 or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both.

Receipts for payments by the United States of America for or on account of such stock shall be issued by the corporation to the Secretary of the Treasury and shall be evidence of the stock ownership of the United States of America.

In order to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to make payments upon stock of Federal Home Loan Banks subscribed for by him in accordance with the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, the sum of $125,000,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary for such purpose, is hereby allocated and made available to the Secretary of the Treasury out of the capital of the corporation and/or the proceeds of notes, debentures, bonds, and other obligations issued by the corporation. For the purposes of this paragraph, the corporation shall issue such notes, bonds, debentures, and other obligations as may be necessary.

The Corporation is authorized to make payments from time to time to the Secretary of the Treasury in amounts to be determined by the Corporation, with the approval of the Federal Loan Administrator, for the partial retirement of its capital stock at par and in payment of dividends from earnings. The aggregate amount of notes, debentures, bonds, or other such obligations

which the Corporation is authorized to issue and have outstanding at any one time under the provisions of law in force on June 25, 1940, shall not be decreased by reason of any retirement of capital stock under this paragraph, and such aggregate amount is hereby increased by an amount sufficient to carry out the provisions of this paragraph and of the second paragraph of section 51d of Title 12, as amended.

The Corporation, on or before June 30, 1941, may retire its capital stock and pay dividends under the preceding paragraph of this section, and may purchase stock of the Federal home-loan banks under section 51d of Title 12, as amended, in an aggregate amount of not to exceed $300,000,000 to be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury; but the Corporation, with the approval of the Federal Loan Administrator, shall determine that portion of such aggregate amount which may be used for the retirement of the capital stock of the Corporation, the payment of dividends, and the purchase of such stock of the Federal home-loan banks. (Jan. 22, 1932, ch. 8, § 2, 47 Stat. 5; July 21, 1932, ch. 520, § 205 (b), 47 Stat. 714; July 22, 193, ch. 522, § 6 (f), 47 Stat. 728; June 25, 1940, ch. 427, § 2, 54 Stat. 572.)

CROSS REFERENCES Additional loans by Corporation to Secretary of Agriculture for purpose of making rural rehabilitation loans to needy farmers, see section 609i of this title,

$ 605. Loans and advances by Corporation; allocation; security; form; limitation on amount; period of loan; fees and commissions.—To aid in financing agriculture, commerce, and industry, including facilitating the exportation of agricultural and other products, the Corporation is authorized and empowered to make loans, upon such terms and conditions not inconsistent with sections 601-604, 605, 606-606b, 606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614-616, and 617 of this title, as it may determine, to any bank, savings bank, trust company, building and loan association, insurance company, mortgage loan company, credit union, Federal land bank, joint-stock land bank, Federal intermediate credit bank, agricultural credit corporation, livestock credit corporation, organized under the laws of any State or of the United States, including loans secured by the assets of any bank, savings bank, or building and loan association that is closed, or in process of liquidation to aid in the reorganization or liquidation of such banks or building and loan associations, upon application of the receiver or liquidating agent of such bank or building and loan association, and any receiver of any national bank is hereby authorized to contract for such loans and to pledge any assets of the bank for securing the same.

All loans made under the foregoing provisions shall be fully and adequately secured. The corporation, under such conditions as it shall prescribe, may take over or provide for the administration and liquidation of any collateral accepted by it as security for such loans. Such loans may be made directly upon promissory notes or by way of discount or rediscount of obligations tendered for the purpose, or otherwise in such form and in such amount and at such interest or discount rates as the corporation may ap

prove: Provided, That no loans or advances shall be made upon foreign securities or foreign acceptances as collateral or for the purpose of assisting in the carrying or liquidation of such foreign securities and foreign acceptances. In no case shall the aggregate amount of advances made under this section to any one corporation and its subsidiary or affiliated organizations exceed at any one time 25/8 per centum of (1) the authorized capital stock of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation plus (2) the aggregate amount of bonds of the corporation authorized to be outstanding when the capital stock is fully subscribed : Provided, That such limitation shall not apply to advances to receivers or other liquidating agents of closed banks when made for the purpose of liquidation or reorganization.

Each such loan may be made for a period not exceeding three years, and the corporation may from time to time extend the time of payment of any such loan, through renewal, substitution of new obligations, or otherwise, but the time for such payment shall not be extended beyond five years from the date upon which such loan was made originally. The corporation may make loans under this section at any time prior to the expiration of one year from January 22, 1932; and the President may from time to time postpone such date of expiration for such additional period or periods as he may deem necessary, not to exceed two years from January 22, 1932. Within the foregoing limitations of this section, the Corporation, notwithstanding any limitation of law as to maturity, with the approval of the Interstate Commerce Commission, including approval of the price to be paid, may, to aid in the financing, reorganization, consolidation, maintenance, or construction thereof, purchase for itself, or for account of a railroad obligated thereon, the obligations of railroads, engaged in interstate commerce, or of receivers or trustees thereof, including equipment trust certificates, or guarantee the payment of the principal of, and/or interest on, such obligations, including equipment trust certificates, or, when, in the opinion of the Corporation, funds are not available on reasonable terms through private channels, maké loans, upon full and adequate security, to such railroads or to receivers or trustees thereof for the purposes aforesaid: Provided, That in the case of loans to or the purchase or guarantee of obligations, including equipment trust certificates, of railroads not in receivership or trusteeship, the Interstate Commerce Commission shall, in connection with its approval thereof, also certify that such railroad, on the basis of present and prospective earnings, may reasonablly be expected to meet its fixed charges, without a reduction thereof through judicial reorganization, except that such certificate shall not be required in case of such loans, purchases, or guaranties made for the maintenance of, or purchase of equipment for, such railroads : Provided further, That for the purpose of determining the general funds of the Corporation available for further loans or commitments, such guaranties shall, to the extent of the principal amount of the obligations guaranteed, be interpreted as loans or commitments for loans: And provided further, That the total amount of loans and commitments to railroads, receivers, and

trustees, and purchases and guaranties of obligations of railroads, under this paragraph, as amended, shall not exceed at any one time $500,000,000, in addition to loans and commitments made prior to January 31, 1935, and renewals of loans and commitments so made: Provided, That no fee or commission shall be paid by any applicant for a loan under the provisions hereof in connection with any such application or any loan made or to be made hereunder, and the agreement to pay or payment of any such fee or commission shall be unlawful. Any such railroad may obligate itself in such form as shall be prescribed and otherwise comply with the requirements of the Interstate Commerce Commission and the corporation with respect to the deposit or assignment of security hereunder, without the authorization or approval of any authority, State or Federal, and without compliance with any requirement, State or Federal, as to notification, other than such as may be imposed by the Interstate Commerce Commission and the corporation under the provisions of this section. The title of any owner, whether as trustee or otherwise, to any property leased or conditionally sold to a railroad, or a receiver or trustee thereof, which the Corporation has financed, or in the financing of which the Corporation has aided, any right of such owner to take possession of such property in compliance with the provisions of any such lease or conditional sales contract, and the title of any owner of a collateral note evidencing a loan from the Corporation to a railroad not now in receivership or involved in proceedings under section 205 of Title 11, or a receiver or trustee thereof, and the right of any such owner to acquire title to the collateral securing such note, free and clear of any equity of redemption, in compliance with the contract of pledge, and thereafter to deal with the same as the absolute owner thereof, shall not be affected, restricted, or restrained by or pursuant to the provisions of Title 11, as amended, or by or pursuant to any other provision of law applicable to any proceedings thereunder.

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is further authorized and empowered to make loans if adequately secured to any State insurance fund established or created by the laws of any State for the purpose of paying or insuring payment of compensation to injured workmen and those disabled as a result of disease contracted in the course of their employment, or to their dependents. As used in this paragraph, the term “State" includes the several States and Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is further authorized and empowered to make loans if adequately secured to any fund created by any State for the purpose of insuring the repayment of deposits of public moneys of such State or any of its political subdivisions in banks or depositories qualified under the law of such State to receive such deposits. Such loans may be made at any time prior to January 23, 1934, and upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may prescribe; except that any fund which receives a loan under this paragraph shall be required to assign to the corporation, to the extent of such loan, all amounts which may be received by such fund as dividends or

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