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any other governmental collections now existing or hereafter to be established in the city of Washington for the promotion of knowledge shall be accessible, under such rules and restrictions as the officers in charge of each department or collection may prescribe, subject to such authority as is now or may hereafter be permitted by law, to the scientific investigators and to duly qualified individuals, students and graduates of any institution of learning in the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia to wit:
(Apr. 12, 1892, No. 8, 27 Stat. 395; Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 831, § 1, 31 Stat. 1039; May 14, 1928, ch. 551, § 1, 45 Stat. 531; Reorg. Plan No. II, § 4 (e), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 Fed. Reg. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Reorg. Plan No. III, § 3, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 Fed. Reg. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232.)
VENDING STANDS FOR BLIND IN FEDERAL BUILDINGS § 107. Operation of vending stand authorized. For the purpose of providing blind persons with remunerative employment, enlarging the economic opportunities of the blind, and stimulating the blind to greater efforts in striving to make themselves self-supporting blind persons licensed under the provisions of sections 107 to 107f of this title shall be authorized to operate vending stands in any Federal building where, in the discretion of the head of the department or agency in charge of the maintenance of the building, such vending stands may be properly and satisfactorily operated by blind persons. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 1, 49 Stat. 1559.)
§ 107a. Surveys by Commissioner of Education; designating State licensing agencies; qualifications for license; preferences; selection of locations.-(a) The Office of Education under the Federal Security Agency, subject to the direction of the Commissioner of Education and such rules and regulations as he may, with the approval of the Federal Security Administrator, prescribe, shall
(1) Make surveys of concession-stand opportunities for blind persons in Federal and other buildings in the United States;
(2) Make surveys throughout the United States of industries with a view to obtaining information that will assist blind per sons to obtain employment;
(3) Make available to the public, and especially to persons and organizations engaged in work for the blind, information obtained as a result of such surveys;
(4) Designate as provided in section 107 of this title the State commission for the blind in each State, or, in any State in which there is no such commission some other public agency to issue licenses to blind persons who are citizens of the United States and at least twenty-one years of age for the operating of vending stands in Federal and other buildings in such State
for the vending of newspapers, periodicals, confections, tobacco products, and such other articles as may be approved for each building by the custodian thereof and the State licensing agency; and
(5) Take such other steps as may be necessary and proper to carry out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title.
(b) The State licensing agency shall, in issuing each such license for the operation of a vending stand, give preference to blind persons who are in need of employment and have resided for at least one year in the State in which such stand is to be located. Each such license shall be issued for an indefinite period but may be terminated by the State licensing agency if it is satisfied that the stand is not being operated in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by such licensing agency. Each such license for the operation of a vending stand in a Federal building shall be subject to the approval of the Federal agency having charge of the building in which the stand is located. Such licenses shall be issued only to applicants who are blind within the meaning of section 107e of this title but are able, in spite of such infirmity, to operate such stands.
(c) The State licensing agency designated by the Office of Education is authorized, with the approval of the custodian having charge of the building in which the vending stand is to be located, to select a location for such stand and the type of stand to be provided. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 2, 49 Stat. 1560; Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 201, 204 eff, July 1, 1939, 4 Fed. Reg. 2728, 53 Stat. 1424.)
TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Office of Education was originally established in the Department of the Interior from which it was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Reorganization Plan No. I, cited to text, which is set out in note to section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.
§ 107b. Application for designation as State licensing agency; cooperation with Commissioner; furnishing initial stock.-(a) A State commission for the blind or other State agency desiring to be designated as the agency for licensing blind persons for the operation of vending stands as provided in sections 107-107f of this title shall, with the approval of the governor of the State, make application to the Commissioner of Education and agree
(1) To cooperate with the Commissioner of Education and with the division of vocational rehabilitation of such State in training, placing, and supervising blind persons;
(2) To provide through loan, gift, or otherwise, for each blind person licensed to operate a stand, an adequate initial stock of suitable articles to be vended therefrom. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 3, 49 Stat. 1560.)
§ 107c. Cooperation of Commissioners with boards for rehabilitation of handicapped persons.—The Commissioner is authorized to cooperate with the State boards for rehabilitation of handicapped persons, established by the several States pursuant to sections 31-44 of Title 29, as amended and supplemented, in carrying out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 4, 49 Stat. 1560.)
§ 107d. Expenditures for personal services, rent, printing, etc.; preference to blind persons.-(a) The Commissioner is authorized to make such expenditures out of any money appropriated therefor (including expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere, books of reference and periodicals, for printing and binding, and for traveling expenses) as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title. (b) The Commissioner shall, in employing such additional personnel as may be necessary, give preference to blind persons who are capable of discharging the required duties, and at least 50 per centum of such additional personnel shall be blind persons. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 5, 49 Stat. 1560.)
§ 107e. Definitions. As used in sections 107-107d of this title
(a) The term "United States" includes the several States, Territories, and possessions of the United States, and the District of Columbia.
(b) The term "blind person" means a person having not more than 10 per centum visual acuity in the better eye with correction. Such blindness shall be certified by a duly licensed opthalmologist.
(c) The term “State” means a State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, 8 6, 49 Stat. 1560.)
§ 107f. Appropriation.—There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 7, 49 Stat. 1560.)
NATIONAL ARBORETUM 8 191. Establishment; site; acquisition of land.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish and maintain a national arboretum for purposes of research and education concerning tree and plant life. For the purposes of sections 191-194 of this title, (1) the President is authorized to transfer to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture by Executive order any land which now belongs to the United States within or adjacent to the District of Columbia located along the Anacostia River north of Benning Bridge, and (2) the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized in his discretion to acquire, within the limits of the appropriation authorized by sections 191-194 of this title, by private purchase, condemnation proceedings, or gift, land so located or other land within or adjacent to the District of Columbia: Provided, That the purchase price of any part of said land shall not exceed the full value assessment of such property last made before purchase thereof plus 25 per centum of such assessed value. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 1, 44 Stat. 1422.)
8 192. Appropriation for acquisition of land. Section, act March 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 2, 44 Stat. 1422, authorized appropriation of $300,000 to be expended for acquisition of land specified in section 191 of this title.
$ 193. Administration of arboretum. In order to stimulate research and discovery the national arboretum established by the Secretary of Agriculture in accordance with the provisions of sections 191-194 of this title shall be under competent scientific direction. The aboretum shall be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture separately from the agricultural, horticultural, and forestry stations of the Department of Agriculture, but it shall be so correlated with them as to bring about the most effective utilization of its facilities and discoveries. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 3, 44 Stat. 1422.)
§ 194. Advisory council.— The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to create an advisory council in relation to the plan and development of the national arboretum to be established under sections 191-194 of this title, to include representatives of national organizations interested in the work of the arboretum. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 4, 44 Stat. 1422.)
TITLE 21-FOOD AND DRUGS ANIMALS, MEATS, AND MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTS EXAMINATION OF ANIMALS, MEAT, AND MEAT PRODUCTS USED
IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE Bureau of Animal Industry, see sections 391-394 of Title 7, Agriculture.
§ 71. Inspection of meat and meat food products; examination of cattle before slaughtering; diseased animals slaughtered separately and carcasses examined.—For the purpose of preventing the use in interstate or foreign commerce of meat and meat-food products which are unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, otherwise unfit for human food, the Secretary of Agriculture, at his discretion, may cause to be made, by inspectors appointed for that purpose, an examination and inspection of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats before they shall be allowed to enter into any slaughtering, packing, meat-canning, rendering, or similar establishment in which they are to be slaughtered and the meat and meat-food products thereof are to be used in interstate or foreign commerce; and all cattle, swine, sheep, and goats found on such inspection to show symptoms of disease shall be set apart and slaughtered separately from all other cattle, sheep, swine, or goats; and when so slaughtered the carcasses of said cattle, sheep, swine, or goats shall be subject to a careful examination and inspection, all as provided by the rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, as provided for in sections 71-93 of this title. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1260.)
"That upon application for Federal inspection by any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment which is not subject to the provisions of law, as amended, known as the Meat Inspection Act (sections 71-93 of this title), which follow the subheading 'For Meat Inspection' under the heading ‘Bureau of Animal Industry in the Act entitled 'An Act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eight', approved March 4, 1907, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause he made the same or similar examinations and inspections and cause such
action to be taken in respect of the soundness, healthfulness, whole
someness, and fitness for human food of meat and meat food products as would be made or taken if meat and meat food products from such establishment were to be used, transported, or sold in interstate or foreign commerce.
“SEC. 2. (a), The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed, insofar as may be practicable, to carry out the provisions of this Act through the existing officers, employees, and facilities through which he carries out the provisions of the Meat Inspection Act, as amended (sections 71-93 of this title).
“(b) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary in order to carry out the provisions of this Act.
"(c) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to employ persons without regard to the Civil Service Act, as amended (sections 632, 633, 635, 637, 638, 640, 642 of Title 5, sections 608-612 of Title 18, and section 42 of Title 40), and subsection 6 of section 6 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended (section 666 of Title 5), provided that any persons so employed shall be regarded as holding war-service appointments, under Executive Order 9063 (7 F. R. 1075).
"SEC. 3. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, and each fiscal year thereafter, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
“SEC. 4. This Act shall cease to be in effect six months after the termination of the present war.”
§ 72. Post mortem examination of carcasses and marking or labeling; destruction of carcasses condemned; reinspection.-For the purposes set forth in section 71 of this title the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made by inspectors appointed for that purpose a post mortem examination and inspection of the carcasses and parts thereof of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats to be prepared for human consumption at any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia for transportation or sale as articles of interstate or foreign commerce; and the carcasses and parts thereof of all such animals found to be sound, healthful, wholesome, and fit for human food shall be marked, stamped, tagged, or labeled as "Inspected and passed"; and said inspectors shall label, mark, stamp, or tag as “Inspected and condemned" all carcasses and parts thereof of animals found to be unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food; and all carcasses and parts thereof thus inspected and condemned shall be destroyed for food purposes by the said establishment in the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any such establishment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof, and said inspectors, after said first inspection, shall, when they deem it necessary, reinspect said carcasses or parts thereof to determine whether since the first inspection the same have become unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or in any way unfit for human food, and if any carcass or any part thereof shall, upon examination and inspection subsequent to the first examination and inspection, be found to be unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, it shall be destroyed for food purposes by the said establishment in the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any establishment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1260.)