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State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia; and the Secretary of Agriculture shall give notice of such rules and regulations in the manner provided in section 124 of this title for notice of establishment of quarantine. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 3, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 126. Moving livestock and live poultry from quarantined State or Territory under regulations.-Cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry may be moved from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, under and in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, made and promulgated in pursuance of the provisions of section 125 of this title; but it shall be unlawful to move, or to allow to be moved, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, in manner or method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 4, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 127. Transportation from quarantined State, Territory, and so forth; penalty. Any person, company, or corporation violating the provisions of sections 124 or 126 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, $ 6, 33 Stat. 1265.)

$ 128. Extension of quarantine law to carriers in interstate commerce. The provisions of sections 123-127 of this title and of section 118 of Title 18 shall apply to any railroad company or other common carrier whose road or line forms any part of a route over which cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry are transported in the course of shipment from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia. (June 30, 1914, ch. 131, 38 Stat. 419; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 129. Payment for animals purchased; computation of value, and amount paid.—In case of an emergency arising out of the existence of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious pleuropneumonia, or other contagious or infectious diseases of animals, which, in the opinion of the Secretary, threatens the livestock industry of the country, he may expend in the city of Washington or elsewhere any unexpended balances of appropriations heretofore made for this purpose, not to exceed $305,000, in the arrest and eradication of any such disease, including the payment of claims growing out of past and future purchases and destruction, in cooperation with the States, of animals affected

by or exposed to, or of materials contaminated by or exposed to, any such disease, wherever found and irrespective of ownership, under like or substantially similar circumstances, when such owner has complied with all lawful quarantine regulations: Provided, That the payment for animals hereafter purchased may be made on appraisement based on the meat, dairy, or breeding value, but in case of appraisement based on breeding value no appraisement of any animal shall exceed three times its meat or dairy value, and, except in case of an extraordinary emergency, to be determined by the Secretary, the payment by the United States Government for any animals shall not exceed one-half of any such appraisements. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 542; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 418; July 22, 1942, ch, 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 676; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 403; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, § 1, 58 Stat. 434.)

§ 130. Pleuropneumonia in District of Columbia; duties of Commissioners.—Wherever any contagious, infectious or communicable disease affecting domestic animals or live poultry, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia, shall be brought into or shall break out in the District of Columbia, it shall be the duty of the commissioners of said District to take measures to suppress the same promptly and to prevent the same from spreading; and for this purpose the said commissioners are empowered to order and require that any premises, farm, or farms where such disease exists, or has existed, be put in quarantine; to order all or any animals coming into the District to be detained at any place or places for the purpose of inspection and examination; to prescribe regulations for and to require the destruction of animals or live poultry affected with contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and for the proper disposition of their hides and carcasses; to prescribe regulations for disinfection, and such other regulations as they may deem necessary to prevent infection or contagion being communicated, and shall report to the Secretary of Agriculture whatever they may do in pursuance of the provisions of this section. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 8, 23 Stat. 33; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

CROSS REFERENCE Diseases and quarantine in the District of Columbia, see sections 111 and 123-127 of this title.

$ 131. Fences along international boundary lines to keep out diseased animals. The Secretary of Agriculture may permit the erection of fences along international boundary lines, but entirely within the territory of the United States, for the purpose of keeping out diseased animals. (May 26, 1910, ch. 256, 36 Stat. 440.)

IMPORTATION OF MILK OR CREAM

§ 142. Milk or cream when unfit for importation.—Milk or cream shall be considered unfit for importation (1) when all cows producing such milk or cream are not healthy and a physical examination of all such cows has not been made within one year nrevious to such milk being offered for importation; (2) when

such milk or cream, if raw, is not produced from cows which have passed a tuberculin test applied by a duly authorized official veterinarian of the United States, or of the countryin which such milk or cream is produced, within one year previous to the time of the importation, showing that such cows are free from tuberculosis; (3) when the sanitary conditions of the dairy farm or plant in which such milk or cream is produced or handled do not score at least fifty points out of one hundred points according to the methods for scoring as provided by the score cards, used by the Bureau of Dairy Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture at the time such dairy farms or plants are scored; (4) in the case of raw milk if the number of bacteria per cubic centimeter exceeds three hundred thousand and in the case of raw cream seven hundred and fifty thousand, in the case of pasteurized milk if the number of bacteria per cubic centimeter exceeds one hundred thousand, and in the case of pasteurized cream five hundred thousand; (5) when the temperature of milk or cream at the time of importation exceeds fifty degrees Fahrenheit. (Feb. 15, 1927, ch. 155, $ 2, 44 Stat. 1101.)

VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, ANTI-TOXINS, AND

ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS § 151. Preparation and sale of worthless or harmful products for domestic animals prohibited; preparation to be in compliance with rules at licensed establishments.—It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to prepare, sell, barter, or exchange in the District of Columbia, or in the Territories, or in any place under the jurisdiction of the United States, or to ship or deliver for shipment from one State or Territory or the District of Columbia, to any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product intended for use in the treatment of domestic animals, and no person, firm, or corporation shall prepare, sell, barter, exchange, or ship as aforesaid any virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product manufactured within the United States and intended for use in the treatment of domestic animals, unless and until the said virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product shall have been prepared, under and in compliance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, at an establishment holding an unsuspended and unrevoked license issued by the Secretary of Agriculture as hereinafter authorized. Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 832.)

§ 152. Importation regulated and prohibited.—The importation into the United States, without a permit from the Secretary of Agriculture, of any virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for use in the treatment of domestic animals, and the importation of any worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for use in the treatment of domestic animals, are prohibited. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 832.)

§ 153. Inspection of imports; denial of entry and destruction. -The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause the Bureau

of Animal Industry to examine and inspect all viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products, for use in the treatment of domestic animals, which are being imported or offered for importation into the United States, to determine whether such viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products are worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful, and if it shall appear that any such virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product, for use in the treatment of domestic animals, is worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful, the same shall be denied entry and shall be destroyed or returned at the expense of the owner or importer. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 832.)

§ 154. Regulations for preparation and sale; licenses.--The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make and promulgate from time to time such rules and regulations as may be necessary to prevent the preparation, sale, barter, exchange, or shipment as aforesaid of any worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for use in the treatment of domestic animals, and to issue, suspend, and revoke licenses for the maintenance of establishments for the preparation of viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products, for use in the treatment of domestic animals, intended for sale, barter, exchange, or shipment as aforesaid. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 832.)

§ 155. Permits for importation.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue permits for the importation into the United States of viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products, for use in the treatment of domestic animals, which are not worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 833.)

§ 156. Licenses conditioned on permitting inspection; suspension of licenses.—All licenses issued under authority of this chapter to establishments where such viruses, serums, toxins, or analogous products are prepared for sale, barter, exchange, or shipment as aforesaid, shall be issued on condition that the licensee shall permit the inspection of such establishments and of such products and their preparation; and the Secretary of Agriculture may suspend or revoke any permit or license issued under authority of said chapter, after opportunity for hearing has been granted the licensee or importer, when the Secretary of Agriculture is satisfied that such license or permit is being used to facilitate or effect the preparation, sale, barter, exchange, or shipment as aforesaid, or the importation into the United States of any worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for use in the treatment of domestic animals. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 833.)

§ 157. Same; inspection daytime or nightime.—Any officer, agent, or employee of the Department of Agriculture duly authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture for the purpose may, at any hour during the daytime or nighttime, enter and inspect any establishment licensed under the provisions of this chapter where any virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for use in the treatment of domestic animals is prepared for sale, barter, exchange, or shipment as aforesaid. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 833.)

§ 158. Offenses; punishment.--Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate any of the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1,000 or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 145, 37 Stat. 833.)

FEDERAL FOOD DRUG AND COSMETIC ACT § 372. Examinations and investigations.

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(c) Records of other departments and agencies.-For purposes of enforcement of this chapter, records of any department or independent establishment in the executive branch of the Government shall be open to inspection by any official of the Federal Security Agency duly authorized by the Administrator to make. such inspection. (June 25, 1938, ch. 675, § 702, 52 Stat. 1056; Reorg. Plan No. IV, § 12, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 Fed. Reg. 2422, 54 Stat. 1237.)

TITLE 22-FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE GENERALLY

§ 80. Commercial and agricultural reports.—Consuls of the United States in foreign countries shall procure and transmit to the Department of State authentic commercial information respecting such countries of such character and in such manner and form and at such times as the department may from time to time prescribe. And they shall also procure and transmit to the Department of State, for the use of the Agricultural Department, monthly reports relative to the character, condition, and respective yields of the agricultural and horticultural industries and other fruiteries of the country in which they are respectively stationed; and the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby required and directed to embody the information thus obtained, or so much thereof as he may deem material and important, in his monthly bulletin of crop reports. (R. S. § 1712; June 18, 1888, ch. 393, 25 Stat. 186; Feb. 9, 1889, ch. 122, 88 1, 4, 25 Stat. 659; July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288; Apr. 5, 1906, ch. 1366, § 3, 34 Stat. 100.)

DERIVATION Act Aug. 18, 1856, ch. 170, § 1, 11 Stat. 139.

§ 82. Reports as to current prices of merchandise, etc., and as to agricultural conditions.-Every consular officer shall furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury, as often as shall be required, the prices current of all articles of merchandise usually exported to the United States from the port or place in which he is situated; and he shall also furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury, at least once in twelve months, the prices current of all articles of merchandise, including those of the farm, the garden, and the orchard, that are imported through the port or place in which he

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