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is stationed. And he shall also report as to the character of agricultural implements in use, and whether they are imported to or manufactured in that country; as to the character and extent of agricultural and horticultural pursuits there. That part of the information thus obtained which pertains to agriculture shall be transmitted by the Secretary of the Treasury, as soon as the same shall have been received by him, to the Secretary of Agriculture, who shall include the same, or so much thereof as he may deem material and important, in his annual reports, stating the said prices in dollars and cents, and rendering tables of foreign weights and measures into their American equivalents. (R. S. § 1713; June 18, 1888, ch. 393, 25 Stat. 186; Feb. 9, 1889, ch. 122, 88 1, 4, 25 Stat. 659.)

DERIVATION Act Aug. 18, 1856, ch. 127, § 27, 11 Stat. 62.

PASSPORTS 8 214. Fees for passport; persons excused from payment.There shall be collected and paid into the Treasury of the United States quarterly a fee of $1 for executing each application for a passport and $9 for each passport issued to a citizen or person owing allegiance to or entitled to the protection of the United States: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to limit the right of the Secretary of State by regulation to authorize the retention by State officials of the fee of $1 for executing an application for a passport: And provided further, That no fee shall be collected for passports issued to officers or employees of the United States proceeding abroad in the discharge of their official duties, or to members of their immediate families, or to seamen, or to widows, children, parents, brothers, and sisters of American soldiers, sailors, or marines, buried abroad whose journey is undertaken for the purpose and with the intent of visiting the graves of such soldiers, sailors, or marines, which facts shall be made a part of the application for the passport. (June 4, 1920, ch. 223, § 1, 41 Stat. 750.)

INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC. § 262. President's participation in international congresses restricted.—The Executive shall not extend or accept any invitation to participate in any international congress, conference, or like event, without first having specific authority of law to do so. (Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 149, § 1, 37 Stat. 913.)

FOREIGN SERVICE BUILDINGS 8 292. Acquisition of sites and buildings for diplomatic and consular establishments; allotment of space.-The Secretary of State is empowered, subject to the direction of the commission established by section 293 of this title, to acquire by purchase or construction in the manner provided by sections 293 and 294 of this title, within the limits of appropriations made pursuant to section 295 of this title, or by exchange, in whole or in part, under such terms and conditions as in the judgment of the com

mission may best protect the interests of the United States, of any building or grounds of the United States in foreign countries and under the jurisdiction and control of the Secretary of State, sites and buildings in foreign capitals and in other foreign cities, and to alter, repair, and furnish such buildings for the use of the diplomatic and consular establishments of the United States, or for the purpose of consolidating, to the extent deemed advisable by the commission, within one or more buildings, the embassies, legation, consulates, and other agencies of the United States Government there maintained, which buildings shall be appropriately designated by the commission, and the space in which shall be allotted by the Secretary of State under the direction of the commission among the several agencies of the United States Government. (May 7, 1926, ch. 250, 1, 44 Stat. 403; May 29, 1928, ch. 876, § 1, 45 Stat. 971.)

FOREIGN WARS, WAR MATERIALS AND NEUTRALITY § 411. Lease, loan, etc., of war materials in interest of United States defense; definitions.—As used in sections 411-419 of this title(a) The term "defense article" means

(1) Any weapon, munition, aircraft, vessel, or boat;

(2) Any machinery, facility, tool, material, or supply necessary for the manufacture, production, processing, repair, servicing, or operation of any article described in this subsection;

(3) Any component material or part of or equipment for any article described in this subsection;

(4) Any agricultural, industrial or other commodity or article for defense. Such term “defense article" includes any article described in this subsection: Manufactured or procured pursuant to section 412, or to which the United States or any foreign government has or hereafter acquires title, possession, or control.

(b) The term "defense information" means any plan, specification, design, prototype, or information pertaining to any defense article. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, 8.2, 55 Stat. 31.)

SHORT TITLES OF SECTIONS 411-419 Sections 411-419 of this title, popularly known as the “Lease-Lend Act," "may be cited as 'An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States'" by section 1 of act Mar. 11, 1941, cited to text.

SEPARABILITY OF PROVISIONS OF SECTIONS 411-419 Section 11 of act Mar. 11, 1941, cited to text, which act constitutes sections 411-419 of this title, provided as follows: “If any provision of this Act or the application of such provision to any circumstance shall be held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and the applicability of such provision to other circumstances shall not be affected thereby.

CROSS REFERENCES The Surplus Property Act of 1944, sections 1611-1646 of Appendix to Title 50, as inapplicable to sections 411-419 of this title, see section 1643 (b) of Appendix to Title 50, War.

$ 412. Same; procurement for and transfer of defense articles to other countries; repairs, etc.; limitation on amount; termination of powers; naval convoys; combat area navigation.—(a)

Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the President may, from time to time, when he deems it in the interest of national defense, authorize the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, or the head of any other department or agency of the Government

(1) To manufacture in arsenals, factories, and shipyards under their jurisdiction, or otherwise procure, to the extent to which funds are made available therefor, or contracts are authorized from time to time by the Congress, or both, any defense article for the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States.

(2) To sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government any defense article, but no defense article not manufactured or procured under paragraph (1) shall in any way be disposed of under this paragraph, except after consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Army or the Chief of Naval Operations of the Navy, or both. The value of defense articles disposed of in any way under authority of this paragraph, and procured from funds heretofore appropriated, shall not exceed $1,300,000,000. The value of such defense articles shall be determined by the head of the department or agency concerned or such other department, agency or officer as shall be designated in the manner provided in the rules and regulations issued hereunder. Defense articles procured from funds hereafter appropriated to any department or agency of the Government, other than from funds authorized to be appropriated under sections 411-419 of this title, shall not be disposed of in any way under authority of this paragraph except to the extent hereafter authorized by the Congress in the Acts appropriating such funds or otherwise.

(3) To test, inspect, prove, repair, outfit, recondition, or otherwise to place in good working order, to the extent to which funds are made available therefor, or contracts are authorized from time to time by the Congress, or both, any defense article for any such government, or to procure any or all such services by private contract.

(4) To communicate to any such government any defense information, pertaining to any defense article furnished to such government under paragraph (2) of this subsection.

(5) To release for export any defense article disposed of in any way under this subsection to any such government.

(b) The terms and conditions upon which any such foreign government receives any aid authorized under subsection (a) shall be those which the President deems satisfactory, and the benefit to the United States may be payment or repayment in kind or property, or any other direct or indirect benefit which the President deems satisfactory: Provided, however, That nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to authorize the President to assume or incur any obligations on the part of the United States with respect to post-war economic policy, post-war military policy or any post-war policy involving international relations except in accordance with established constitutional procedure.

(c) After June 30, 1945, or after the passage of a concurrent resolution by the two Houses before June 30, 1945, which declares that the powers conferred by or pursuant to subsection (a) are no longer necessary to promote the defense of the United States, neither the President nor the head of any department or agency shall exercise any of the powers conferred by or pursuant to subsection (a); except that until July 1, 1948, any of such powers may be exercised to the extent necessary to carry out a contract or agreement with such a foreign government made before July 1, 1945, or before the passage of such concurrent resolution, whichever is the earlier.

(d) Nothing in sections 411-419 of this title shall be construed to authorize or to permit the authorization of conveying vessels by naval vessels of the United States.

(e) Nothing in sections 411-419 of this title shall be construed to authorize or to permit the authorization of the entry of any American vessel into a combat area in violation of section 443 of this title. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, § 3, 55 Stat. 31, as amended Mar. 11, 1943, ch. 15, 57 Stat. 20; May 17, 1944, ch. 198, SS 1, 2, 58 Stat. 222, 223.)

8 413. Same; contract restrictions against disposal of transferred articles by transferee governments.-All contracts or agreements made for the disposition of any defense article or defense information pursuant to section 412 shall contain a clause by which the foreign government undertakes that it will not, without the consent of the President, transfer title to or possession of such defense article or defense information by gift, sale, or otherwise, or permit its use by anyone not an officer, employee, or agent of such foreign government. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, § 4, 55 Stat. 32.)

§ 414. Same; information regarding articles exported; reports to Congress.(a) The Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, or the head of any other department or agency of the Government involved shall, when any such defense article or defense information is exported, immediately inform the department or agency designated by the President to administer section 99 of Title 50, of the quantities, character, value, terms of disposition, and destination of the article and information so exported.

(b) The President from time to time, but not less frequently than once every ninety days, shall transmit to the Congress a report of operations under sections 411-419 of this title except such information as he deems incompatible with the public interest to disclose. Reports provided for under this subsection shall be transmitted to the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of Representatives, as the case may be, if the Senate or the House of Representatives, as the case may be, is not in session. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, § 5, 55 Stat. 32.)

§ 415. Same; appropriations; disposition of repayments.(a) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated from time to time, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions and accomplish the purposes of sections 411-419 of this title.

(b) All money and all property which is converted into money received under section 412 from any government shall, with the approval of the Director of the Budget, revert to the respective appropriation or appropriations out of which funds were expended with respect to the defense article or defense information for which such consideration is received, and shall be available for expenditure for the purpose for which such expended funds were appropriated by law, during the fiscal year in which such funds are received and the ensuing fiscal year; but in no event shall any funds so received be available for expenditure after June 30, 1948. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, § 6, 55 Stat. 33, as amended Mar. 11, 1943, ch. 15, 57 Stat. 20; May 17, 1944, ch. 198, § 1, 58 Stat. 222.)

§ 416. Same; protection of patent rights.—The Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, and the head of the department or agency shall in all contracts or agreements for the disposition of any defense article or defense information fully protect the rights of all citizens of the United States who have patent rights in and to any such article or information which is hereby authorized to be disposed of and the payments collected for royalties on such patents shall be paid to the owners and holders of such patents. (Mar. 1, 1941, ch. 11, § 7,55 Stat. 33.)

§ 417. Same; acquisition of war materials from foreign governments.—The Secretaries of War and of the Navy are hereby authorized to purchase or otherwise acquire arms, ammunition, and implements of war produced within the jurisdiction of any country to which section 412 is applicable, whenever the President deems such purchase or acquisition to be necessary in the interests of the defense of the United States. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, $ 8, 55 Stat. 33.)

§ 418. Same; rules and regulations; delegation of powers.—The President may, from time to time, promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary and proper to carry out any of the provisions of sections 411-419 of this title; and he may exercise any power or authority conferred on him by sections 411-419 of this title through such department, agency, or officer as he shall direct. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, $ 9,55 Stat. 33.)

§ 419. Same; effect on existing laws relating to use of land and naval forces.—Nothing in sections 411-419 of this title shall be construed to change existing law relating to the use of the land and naval forces of the United States, except insofar as such use relates to the manufacture, procurement, and repair of defense articles, the communication of information and other noncombatant purposes enumerated in sections 411-419 of this title. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, $ 10, 55 Stat. 33.)

§ 421. Contracts by Government agencies for defense articles, services, etc., for foreign governments in interests of United States.—The President may, from time to time, when he deems it in the interest of national defense, authorize the head of any department or agency of the Government, to enter into contracts for the procurement of defense articles, information, or services for the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States, to the extent that

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